Phylum: Arthropoda Latreille 1829
Class: incertae sedis
Order: Tuzoida Simonetta and Delle Cave, 1975
Family: Tuzoiidae Raymond, 1935
Species: Tuzoia sinensis
Author Citation P'an 1957
Sub Period: None
Epoch: Series 2 Epoch
International Age: Stage 4
Acquired by: Purchase/Trade
Length: 5 cm
Chenggong District, Kunming Town
Taxonomy from Vannier et al. (2007, p. 458).
Vannier et al. 2006 assume that Tuzoia and the also Cambrian genus Isoxys are possibly representatives of the class Thylacocephala.
Revised diagnosis for the genus Tuzoia Walcott, 1912 in Vannier et al. (2007, pp. 458–459): “Large bivalved arthropod (valve length up to approx. 180 mm; Chlupác and Kordule, 2002). Carapace thin, nonmineralized, and relatively flexible, folded dorsally (no true articulated hinge) into two hemispherical valves. Valve outline amplete or slightly preplete/postplete (L:H ratio between 1.3 and 1.6). Straight or slightly convex dorsal margin with or without spines. Anterior and posterior cardinal processes (acp and pcp, respectively) pointed in most species. Acp usually more prominent than pcp and with underlying notch. Posterior margin typically with a mid-posterior spine (mps) and a posteroventral spine (pvs). Angle between dorsal margin and pvs between 20° and 40°, most frequently 30°. In some species, additional small marginal spines (sms) and crenulation, especially ventrally, their length decreasing towards the front. Well-marked to vestigial lateral ridge along the entire length of the valves, usually at mid-distance between dorsal and ventral margin on a direct line with mps. In some species, lateral ridge armed with a series of 7–10 thin and broad-based, probably flimsy, spines (spines projecting almost perpendicular to the sagittal plane of the carapace). Valve surface with well-marked reticulate pattern (size of polygonal fossae decreasing towards lateral ridge, cardinal areas, and along margins). A pair of large, stalked lateral eyes and short antennae protruding through anterior notch. Eye stalks at least three times longer than the eye itself. Gut with possible digestive glands.”
General morphology of Tuzoia Walcott, 1912 from Vannier et al. (2007, p. 446):
Identified by oilshale using Luo et al., 2006.
P’an, K., (1957): On the discovery of Homopoda from South China. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 5, 523–526.
LUO, H.L., FU, X.P., HU, S.X., LI, Y., CHEN, L.Z., YOU, T. & LIU, Q., (2006): New bivalved arthropods from the early Cambrian Guanshan fauna in the Kunming and Wuding area. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica 45, 460–472.
Vannier, J., Caron, J.-B., Yuan J.-L., Briggs, D. E. G., Collins, D., Zhao Y.-L., Zhu M.-Y. (2007): Tuzoia: Morphology and Lifestyle of a Large Bivalved Arthropod of the Cambrian Seas. Journal of Paleontology 81 (3), 445–471.
Zhao, J., Li, Yujing, Selden, Paul A. and Cong, Peiyun (2020): New occurrence of the Guanshan Lagerstatte (Cambrian Series 2, Stage 4) in the Kunming area, Yunnan, southwest China, with records of new taxa. ALCHERINGA: AN AUSTRALASIAN JOURNAL OF PALAEONTOLOGY, VOL. 44, NO. 3, 343–355 DOI: 10.1080/03115518.2020.1781257.