Primicaris larvaformis Zhang et al., 2003
Phylum: Arthropoda Latreille 1829
Class: Incertae sedis
Order: Incertae sedis
Family: Parvancorinidae Glaessner 1979
Species: Primicaris larvaformis
Author Citation Zhang et al. 2003
Geological Time Scale
Sub Period: None
Epoch: Series 2 Epoch
International Age: Stage 3 Age
Acquired by: Purchase/Trade
Length: 5 mm
Taxonomy according to Fossilworks.org.
Quote from Zhang et al. 2003, p. 447:” The Chengjiang Lagerstätte yields several well-preserved Early Cambrian fossil assemblages (Zhang et al. 2001) from the Yu’anshan Member of the Qiongzhusi Formation in Yunnan Province, South China, consisting of a diverse suite of arthropods (Shu et al. 1995, 1999a; Hou and Bergström 1997; Zhang 1999; Zhang et al. 2000). One of them, small and relatively rare, was only briefly described based on a few specimens (Hou et al. 1991), and repeatedly considered to be a giant protaspis of a naraoiid by many authors (Fortey and Theron 1994; Chen et al. 1996; Hou and Bergström 1997; Hou et al. 1999; Luo et al.1999). Recently this animal was also recovered from the Middle Cambrian Kaili fauna of Guizhou Province, South China (Zhao et al. 1999).
Diagnosis for Primicaris larvaformis according to Zhang et al. 2003, p. 450: “Small, protaspis-like arthropod; undivided dorsal shield with a pair of posterior spines and ten pairs of lateral marginal spines; on the ventral side, one pair of uniramous antennae followed by ten pairs of biramous limbs.”
Camera lucida drawing of holotype (ELI12001012), from Zhang et al. 2003:
Identified by oilshale using Zhang et al. 2003.
Zhang, Xing-Liang; Han, Jian; Zhang, Zhi-Fei; Liu, Hu-Qin; Shu, De-Gan (2003): Reconsideration of the supposed naraoiid larva from the Early Cambrian Chengjiang Lagerstatte, South China. Palaeontology. 46 (3): 447–465. doi:10.1111/1475-4983.00307
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Zhang, Xing-Liang; Han, Jian and Shu, Degan (2000): A new arthropod Pygmaclypeatus daziensis from the Early Cambrian Chengjiang Lagerstätte, South China. Journal of Paleontology, 74, 979-982.
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Chen, Jun-Yuan; Edgecombe, G. G.; Zhu, Mao-Yan and Yeh Kui-Yu (1996): The Chengjiang biota - a unique window of the Cambrian explosion. The National Museum of Natural Science, Taichung, Taiwan, 222 pp. [In Chinese].
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