Holophagus penicillata EGERTON, 1861
Species: H. penicillata
Author Citation EGERTON, 1861
Geological Time Scale
Acquired by: Purchase/Trade
Also known as Undina penicillata.
Holophagus is a coelacanth with the classical shape that has remained almost unchanged over millions of years.
The name coelacanth means 'hollow spine' (from the Greek koilos = hollow and akantha = spine). The caudal fin is divided into three lobes (diphycercal), the middle lobe is a continuation of the notocord. Holophagus has powerful jaws but tiny teeth. Characteristic for Holophagus is the structure of the head bones (frontal) which are broken through in a characteristic way and look like a light construction.