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  1. Greetings everyone, Found this bone on the Maasvlakte beach in the Netherlands. Based on the location, probably Pleistocene, but could also be Holocene or Pliocene. It looks like a metapodial, and based on size and shape I was thinking maybe carnivore. An expert was able to tell me that it could be carnivore (or maybe beaver), and that it probably belonged to a young animal (since the outer layer of compact bone is really thin). I've been spending hours comparing this fossil to metapodials of all kinds of carnivores (and Castor fiber) matching this location, but I still c
  2. The Haast's eagle (Hieraaetus morrei) is (to say the least) a truly fascinating animal in New Zealand's rich ecological history. A descendent of much smaller eagle species from Australia, its ancestors arrived on New Zealand's South Island probably around 1.8 Million -700,000 years ago and became the apex predator there until it sadly went extinct following Human arrival to New Zealand around 1400 A.D.. Full grown adult Haast's eagles weighed an impressive 33 lbs (15 kilograms) and had a wingspan between 2.6 and 3 meters (8 ft 6 in-10 ft) in length. The Haast's eagle went extinct due to overhu
  3. JakubArmatys

    Pleistocene (?) bone ID

    I found this bone in the river, possibly from Pleistocene (bone color + some kind of subfossil procceses) and what is that? I made a research, and this is smillair to nothing, maybe somebody knows what is that possibly.
  4. After doing some research a few weeks back on the distribution of the extinct Haast's eagle (Hieraaetus moorei), I discovered there was a much larger array of large Accipitridae on island environments than I previously realized (the result of island gigantism) during the Pleistocene-Early Holocene. Sadly, many of these animals are now extinct asa result of direct human hunting or hunting of their food sources by the early-late Holocene. I've decided to make a quick list of all those I've identified, which hopefully can demonstrate the diversity these magnificent animals had during the Pleistoc
  5. Heteromorph

    Fossilized Arizona Human Footprint (?)

    Let me start this off with two disclaimers: 1- I am sorry if this post would be more appropriate on an archeology forum. I would think that it would be fine here, however, because the "footprint" impression does appear to be fossilized. And because I have yet to join any archeology forums. I anyone has a recommendation for a good archeology forum let me know. 2- Being almost entirely engulfed in learning about just the Cretaceous of my local area, paleoanthropology is a bit out of my purview. So bear with me if I sound like I don't know what I am talking about. Because
  6. Hi there, My wife and I are currently honeymooning in Hawaii on the south shore of the island on Kauai over in the town Poipu. There’s limestone cliffs there and I read about Holocene aged fossils, such as bird fossils, found a few miles away at the Makauwahi Cave Reserve. I wasn’t fossil hunting, but we were walking along a public beach and there appeared to be a couple of bones eroding out of a peat deposit, near a limestone cliff. I’m not so good with distinguishing more modern fossils such as Holocene or Pleistocene. Any idea if this bone is modern or fossilized?
  7. Hi! I’m still trying to identify one fossil from a particular unit of Pleistocene/Early Holocene lacustrine silt from my hometown of Saskatoon, but I figured I would look away from it for a bit to try and identify another fossil from the same unit I’ve been unable to classify. I have two specimens, both apparently of the same species. They are both approximately 0.5 millimetres across. They are perfectly circular, with lines radiating from the centre and rings of alternating colours (possibly representing growth lines). One specimen is photographed dorsally, showing its circular shape, the ot
  8. Trying to figure out what this is a fragment of? It appears to have an enamel coating but I’m not familiar with mammal teeth….possible tapir tooth fragment? Found on Amelia island!
  9. I found this maxilla piece on the Kansas River today. I'm thinking it's some sort of pig ancestor, and hoping it's not just an old domestic pig's. But it seems mineralized to me. Also, the teeth are pretty worn so it's hard for me to ID them. I saw this topic And thought it's too difficult for me to ID based on the worn teeth. But maybe someone else here can help? Please let me know if more photos would be of use as well. Thanks in advance.
  10. I think I already know the answer here but what are your thoughts on this humerus. Found in a creek bank in southern Minnesota. Sediments in the area range from cretaceous to holocoen with a good amount of Wisconsin lobe glacial till. Previously we have found bison, mammoth, and ancient horse...
  11. I found this large bone at the Kansas river today. I believe it's permineralized phalanx and it is about 4 inches long. If anyone can help me out I'd be very appreciative. If you need more photos let me know. Thanks in advance (Apologies for not using centimeters, I couldn't find my tape measure so I used a yard stick. )
  12. Mammoths and other large animals survived in the north much longer than previously believed. New DNA research indicates that the climate, not humans, led to the demise of these large creatures, Norway Science, January, 2022 The open access paper is: Wang, Y., Pedersen, M.W., Alsos, I.G., De Sanctis, B., Racimo, F., Prohaska, A., Coissac, E., Owens, H.L., Merkel, M.K.F., Fernandez-Guerra, A. and Rouillard, A.,2021. Late Quaternary dynamics of Arctic biota from ancient environmental genomics. Nature, 600(7887), pp.86-92. It concludes t
  13. Caaaleb

    Two Fish or Mosasaur Vertebrae?

    Hello, Earlier today I found these two Fossil vertebra which I suspect are either Fish or Mosasaur or Plesiosaur, in a small gravel bank near some Texigryphaea. These are also my first fossil vertebrae. I found these two in the East Fork Trinity River in North Texas. And the two vertebra were right next to each other, probably two or three inches away from each other. I then looked later on the USGS Geological Survey and found that the Elm Fork Trinity River has holocene-era rocks, so then that rules out Mosasaur I guess? I looked online to see Mosasaur and fish verebrae to see if I could
  14. From the album: Fossil Amber and Copal: Worldwide Localities

    This specimen weighs 36.0g and measures 65x40x25mm; several small fragments of plant material are contained within its translucent, reddish mass. Originating from the island of Java, this variety of copal is a fairly recent discovery; it is recovered from various soil levels, near to or on the surface of the rainforest floor. Rough specimens usually exhibit a thick, whitish exterior crust; Indonesian red copal is very soft, reacts readily with acetone, and can be scratched with a fingernail.
  15. dbrake40

    Unidentified Ungulate Tooth

    Un-erupted deer or elk or what? Found in southern Minnesota hillside creek bed. Deposits in the area are typically Holocene or Pleistocene
  16. https://scitechdaily.com/ancient-dna-discovery-reveals-woolly-mammoths-wild-horses-survived-thousands-of-years-longer-than-believed/amp/
  17. I went to the Zandmotor recently while visiting The Netherlands and wanted some clarity on some of my finds. I found a number of shells, two fish vertebrae, and two different mammalian bone fragments. This, however, is all I can make of any of them, and would appreciate more specific ID's if anyone out there knows. The shells should be middle Pleistocene (if they're not actually recent shells lol), and everything else (likely) late Pleistocene. Thank you! Fish Verts: Perhaps not fossil-- Baltic Macoma? Not sure about this eithe
  18. Cione, A.L. and Bonomo, M., 2003. Great white shark teeth used as pendants and possible tools by early‐middle Holocene terrestrial mammal hunter‐gatherers in the Eastern Pampas (Southern South America). International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 13(4), pp.222-231. PDF file from Researchgate More PDF of papers PDF file from Academia.edu Yours, Paul H.
  19. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/08/210811113120.htm "over the last 20,000-50,000 years birds have undergone a major extinction event, inflicted chiefly by humans, which caused the disappearance of about 10%-20% of all avian species" "68% of the flightless bird species known to science became extinct"
  20. Greetings, Sorry, if slightly off-topic. Found this tooth-like thing near Vladivostok, Russia, 10-20 meters from sea line, among remains of an early iron age culture (800-300 BC). Any help would be much appreciated!
  21. dfrybarger

    Turtle scute?

    I found this rock on Ocean Beach in San Francisco. I have In the same area over the past few weeks recovered several fragments of Sand Dollar fossils probably about two million years old, according to a local geology/oceanology professor who recognized them right away. I am wondering if this rock might be a turtle scute as I have seen similar looking samples online that were Holocene turtle scutes. The sand dollars were the first fossils I’ve ever found outside of fossilized clams so I have no problem if this is just a rock. Many thanks in advance for the expert guidance and help.
  22. Can anyone help me with the following fossils? (what species etc.). Made a selection of a bigger compilation (most important fossils are shown). Kind regards
  23. Can anyone help me to determine the fossils on the pictures? They are all found were bone fragments from Pleistocene and/or Holocene material has been found. Could the teeth belong to Bos primigenius (Bojanus, 1827)? I think they belong to the above mentioned art. I also found some horse teeth at some locations. The brownish coloured teeth are from Zeeland. The black teeth are from Limburg (found in water/creeks). They are black and/or brown and fossil (not recent material judging by the colour and erosion).
  24. Horse remains reveal new insights into how Native peoples raised horses The findings, published today in the journal American Antiquity, are the latest in the saga of the “Lehi horse.” Heritage Daily, February 5, 2021 Horse remains reveal new insights into how Native peoples raised horses By Daniel Strain University of Colorado, Feb. 4, 2021 Unearthed skeleton sheds light on how Native Americans cared for their horses, Horsetalk.co.nz, February 5, 2021 An older article. Lehi family finds prehistoric bones in their backy
  25. Bradley Flynn

    Thoughts on cave bones?

    Hi all I have been looking through some of my cave finds and want your thoughts on two specimens that look much older than the other bones. All these bones where found in one cave that could have possibly been inhabited by humans as recently as 370 years ago, before colonialism. I have found some ostrich egg fragments as well as sea shells in the upper soil layer, this might be an indication of human activity, I have also found evidence that the site was occupied by scavengers and predators like the lynx and leopard at some points. The site is approximately 1.5km from the nearest coast an
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