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  1. Tucker

    Plant ID needed from Kentucky

    Hello everyone, I have a small collection that I picked up on a trip to Kentucky...the area around hazard. I think its the Breathitt formation. Pennsylvanian period. I have been in the process of Identifying them. I think I have a decent lock on some of them, but could use a little help on a few. I should add some more photos of 3 and 4. Let me know if you need anything specific (close up on a certain area, or what have you).
  2. From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Essexella asherae Jellyfish fossils Francis Creek Shale, Mazon Creek, Illinois Pennsylvanian Period (323.2-298.9 million years ago ) Essexella is an extinct genus of scyphozoan jellyfish known from Late Carboniferous fossils containing the species Essexella asherae. See list of prehistoric medusozoans. It is one of the most recurrent organisms in the Mazon Creek fossil beds of Illinois. In the Essex biota of Mazon Creek, it consists of 42% of all fossil finds. Its behavior is speculated to be similar to that of modern-day jellyfish. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Scyp
  3. Dpaul7

    Rugose Coral - Kansas 1.JPG

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Rugose "Horn" Coral Kansas, USA Pennsylvanian Period (323.2 - 298.9 million years ago) The Rugosa, also called the Tetracorallia, are an extinct order of solitary and colonial corals that were abundant in Middle Ordovician to Late Permian seas. Solitary rugosans (e.g., Caninia, Lophophyllidium, Neozaphrentis, Streptelasma) are often referred to as horn corals because of a unique horn-shaped chamber with a wrinkled, or rugose, wall. Some solitary rugosans reached nearly a meter in length. However, some species of rugose corals could form large colonies (e.g., Lithostrotion). When radia
  4. Dpaul7

    Rugose Coral - Kansas 1.JPG

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Rugose "Horn" Coral Kansas, USA Pennsylvanian Period (323.2 - 298.9 million years ago) The Rugosa, also called the Tetracorallia, are an extinct order of solitary and colonial corals that were abundant in Middle Ordovician to Late Permian seas. Solitary rugosans (e.g., Caninia, Lophophyllidium, Neozaphrentis, Streptelasma) are often referred to as horn corals because of a unique horn-shaped chamber with a wrinkled, or rugose, wall. Some solitary rugosans reached nearly a meter in length. However, some species of rugose corals could form large colonies (e.g., Lithostrotion). When radia
  5. Dpaul7

    Cyclus americanus 1.jpg

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Cyclus americanus Crustacean Francis Creek formation of Illinois Pennsylvanian Period (323.2 -298.9 million years ago) Cyclida (formerly Cycloidea, and so sometimes known as cycloids) is an order of fossil arthropods that lived from the Carboniferous to the Cretaceous. Their classification is uncertain, but they are generally treated as a group of maxillopod crustaceans. Cycloids have a "striking" resemblance to crabs, and are thought to have inhabited a similar ecological niche, and to have been driven to extinction when crabs became widespread and diverse. The largest members are ov
  6. Dpaul7

    Cyclus americanus 1.jpg

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Cyclus americanus Crustacean Francis Creek formation of Illinois Pennsylvanian Period (323.2 -298.9 million years ago) Cyclida (formerly Cycloidea, and so sometimes known as cycloids) is an order of fossil arthropods that lived from the Carboniferous to the Cretaceous. Their classification is uncertain, but they are generally treated as a group of maxillopod crustaceans. Cycloids have a "striking" resemblance to crabs, and are thought to have inhabited a similar ecological niche, and to have been driven to extinction when crabs became widespread and diverse. The largest members are ov
  7. Dpaul7

    Cyclus americanus 1.jpg

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Cyclus americanus Crustacean Francis Creek formation of Illinois Pennsylvanian Period (323.2 -298.9 million years ago) Cyclida (formerly Cycloidea, and so sometimes known as cycloids) is an order of fossil arthropods that lived from the Carboniferous to the Cretaceous. Their classification is uncertain, but they are generally treated as a group of maxillopod crustaceans. Cycloids have a "striking" resemblance to crabs, and are thought to have inhabited a similar ecological niche, and to have been driven to extinction when crabs became widespread and diverse. The largest members are ov
  8. Dpaul7

    Crinoid Stem Piece - Kansas 1.JPG

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Crinoid Stem Piece - Kansas Kansas, USA Pennsylvanian Period (323.2 - 298.9 million years ago) Crinoids are marine animals that make up the class Crinoidea of the echinoderms (phylum Echinodermata). The name comes from the Greek word krinon, "a lily", and eidos, "form". They live in both shallow water and in depths as great as 9,000 meters (30,000 ft). Those crinoids which in their adult form are attached to the sea bottom by a stalk are commonly called sea lilies. The unstalked forms are called feather stars or comatulids. Crinoids are characterised by a mouth on the top surface that
  9. Dpaul7

    Crinoid Stem Piece - Kansas 1.JPG

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Crinoid Stem Piece - Kansas Kansas, USA Pennsylvanian Period (323.2 - 298.9 million years ago) Crinoids are marine animals that make up the class Crinoidea of the echinoderms (phylum Echinodermata). The name comes from the Greek word krinon, "a lily", and eidos, "form". They live in both shallow water and in depths as great as 9,000 meters (30,000 ft). Those crinoids which in their adult form are attached to the sea bottom by a stalk are commonly called sea lilies. The unstalked forms are called feather stars or comatulids. Crinoids are characterised by a mouth on the top surface that
  10. Dpaul7

    Leaf fossil ID request

    This was one of the few fossils we were able to bring home from our hunt.... Most were wood pieces of unknown variety.... really not enough detail to tell, I guess. BUT - This one stood out for me. Seems to be a large leaf! Can someone tell me what kind? I have never encountered one QUITE like this one... this large. Thank you for looking!
  11. Dpaul7

    Odontopteris bradleyi 1.jpg

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Odontopteris bradleyi Fossil Bonner Springs Shale, Parkville, Missouri Pennsylvanian Period (299-323 Million Years ago) Odontopteris: a genus of fossil seed ferns found in the coal measures of the Carboniferous that have pinnatifid fronds with indistinct midribs and veins not forming a network. The genus Odontopteris, in the Stephanian still abundantly present, had declined strongly in the Permian. Schizaeaceae is a family of plants with three subfamilies, Anemioideae, Lygodioideae and Schizaeoideae (sometimes treated as families), with a total of four genera and about 190 species. Th
  12. Dpaul7

    Round Artisia 1.JPG

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Artisia fossil South Fork, Pennsylvania, USA Pennsylvanian Period (290-330 Million Years Ago) Artisia - the pith cast of Cordaites. In The Fossil Flora of Great Britain, or figures and descriptions of the vegetable remains found in a fossil state in this country - John Lindley, Wlliam Hutton, Volume III, 1837 were described similar ones as Sternbergia. Sternbergia angulosa Artis Antedil. phytol. t. 8. and Sternbergia approximata Ad. Brongn. Prodr. p. 137. " When the integuaient of coal is broken off, these plants are sometimes found simply marked by horizontal depressed lines, which m
  13. Dpaul7

    Round Artisia 1.JPG

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Artisia fossil South Fork, Pennsylvania, USA Pennsylvanian Period (290-330 Million Years Ago) Artisia - the pith cast of Cordaites. In The Fossil Flora of Great Britain, or figures and descriptions of the vegetable remains found in a fossil state in this country - John Lindley, Wlliam Hutton, Volume III, 1837 were described similar ones as Sternbergia. Sternbergia angulosa Artis Antedil. phytol. t. 8. and Sternbergia approximata Ad. Brongn. Prodr. p. 137. " When the integuaient of coal is broken off, these plants are sometimes found simply marked by horizontal depressed lines, which m
  14. Dpaul7

    Round Artisia 1.JPG

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Artisia fossil South Fork, Pennsylvania, USA Pennsylvanian Period (290-330 Million Years Ago) Artisia - the pith cast of Cordaites. In The Fossil Flora of Great Britain, or figures and descriptions of the vegetable remains found in a fossil state in this country - John Lindley, Wlliam Hutton, Volume III, 1837 were described similar ones as Sternbergia. Sternbergia angulosa Artis Antedil. phytol. t. 8. and Sternbergia approximata Ad. Brongn. Prodr. p. 137. " When the integuaient of coal is broken off, these plants are sometimes found simply marked by horizontal depressed lines, which m
  15. Dpaul7

    Round Artisia 1.JPG

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Artisia fossil South Fork, Pennsylvania, USA Pennsylvanian Period (290-330 Million Years Ago) Artisia - the pith cast of Cordaites. In The Fossil Flora of Great Britain, or figures and descriptions of the vegetable remains found in a fossil state in this country - John Lindley, Wlliam Hutton, Volume III, 1837 were described similar ones as Sternbergia. Sternbergia angulosa Artis Antedil. phytol. t. 8. and Sternbergia approximata Ad. Brongn. Prodr. p. 137. " When the integuaient of coal is broken off, these plants are sometimes found simply marked by horizontal depressed lines, which m
  16. A nice fossil hunting trip... to South Fork in Cambria County, Pennsylvania, USA! Brought a few small fossils home; there are nice fossils here - just in huge boulders! Here are a few photos! Dpaul7
  17. Dpaul7

    Artisia branch?

    Had a magnificent hunt today (photos to follow on that section). We found sigillaria in excess of 3 feet. Other nice fossils. Sadly in multi-ton rock. I did bring a few pieces back... Here are 2 pieces... Asteria? I have never found something like this around here!
  18. Dpaul7

    Probably Cordiates - stem and leaves

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Probable Cordaites Branch/Leaves Rt 56 Bypass, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, USA Pennsylvanian Period (290-330 Million Years Ago) Cordaites was probably quite a large tree of monopodial or even sympodial stature. Its trunk diameter was at a minimum 0.5 m. Branches were between 1.1 m and spaced less than 0.7 m appart. The bases of the branches usually attained about 2/3 to 1/2 of the trunk width. The abaxial cuticle has stomata arranged in multiplex stomatal rows that formed a wide stomatiferous band. A transverse crypt above the stoma is an important diagnostic feature. The cordaitalean le
  19. Dpaul7

    Probably Cordiates - stem and leaves

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Probable Cordaites Branch/Leaves Rt 56 Bypass, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, USA Pennsylvanian Period (290-330 Million Years Ago) Cordaites was probably quite a large tree of monopodial or even sympodial stature. Its trunk diameter was at a minimum 0.5 m. Branches were between 1.1 m and spaced less than 0.7 m appart. The bases of the branches usually attained about 2/3 to 1/2 of the trunk width. The abaxial cuticle has stomata arranged in multiplex stomatal rows that formed a wide stomatiferous band. A transverse crypt above the stoma is an important diagnostic feature. The cordaitalean le
  20. Dpaul7

    Probably Cordiates - stem and leaves

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Probable Cordaites Branch/Leaves Rt 56 Bypass, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, USA Pennsylvanian Period (290-330 Million Years Ago) Cordaites was probably quite a large tree of monopodial or even sympodial stature. Its trunk diameter was at a minimum 0.5 m. Branches were between 1.1 m and spaced less than 0.7 m appart. The bases of the branches usually attained about 2/3 to 1/2 of the trunk width. The abaxial cuticle has stomata arranged in multiplex stomatal rows that formed a wide stomatiferous band. A transverse crypt above the stoma is an important diagnostic feature. The cordaitalean le
  21. Dpaul7

    Probably Cordiates - stem and leaves

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Probable Cordaites Branch/Leaves Rt 56 Bypass, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, USA Pennsylvanian Period (290-330 Million Years Ago) Cordaites was probably quite a large tree of monopodial or even sympodial stature. Its trunk diameter was at a minimum 0.5 m. Branches were between 1.1 m and spaced less than 0.7 m appart. The bases of the branches usually attained about 2/3 to 1/2 of the trunk width. The abaxial cuticle has stomata arranged in multiplex stomatal rows that formed a wide stomatiferous band. A transverse crypt above the stoma is an important diagnostic feature. The cordaitalean le
  22. Dpaul7

    Probably Cordiates - stem and leaves

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Probable Cordaites Branch/Leaves Rt 56 Bypass, Johnstown, Pennsylvania, USA Pennsylvanian Period (290-330 Million Years Ago) Cordaites was probably quite a large tree of monopodial or even sympodial stature. Its trunk diameter was at a minimum 0.5 m. Branches were between 1.1 m and spaced less than 0.7 m appart. The bases of the branches usually attained about 2/3 to 1/2 of the trunk width. The abaxial cuticle has stomata arranged in multiplex stomatal rows that formed a wide stomatiferous band. A transverse crypt above the stoma is an important diagnostic feature. The cordaitalean le
  23. Dpaul7

    Pecopteris fern

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Pecopteris fern Eastern Kentucky, USA Pennsylvanian Period (~ 330 million years ago) Fern leaves called Pecopteris grew abundantly in the coal swamps of the Carboniferous Period. These leaves dropped off of a 35 foot fern tree called “Psaronius“, one of the most common Paleozoic types. With its sparse and expansive branches, it resembled the modern day palm tree. It produced as many as 7000 spores on the underside of its leaves. These samples are well preserved in gray coal shale as many Carboniferous leaf fossils. Kingdom: Plantae Phylu
  24. Dpaul7

    Mariopteris ferns?

    Hello! I received these two pieces as a nice gift! I WANT to say Mariopteris - I think definitely in photo #1 - but photo #2, while I WANT to say Mariopteris, I am leaning a bit toward Eusphenopteris!
  25. Dpaul7

    Eusphenopteris neuropteroides 2.JPG

    From the album: MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Eusphenopteris neuropteroides Fern Eastern Kentucky Pennsylvanian Period (~ 330 million years ago) Pteridosperms or seed ferns are a group of extinct plants with mostly fern-like foliage but having real seeds. They were mostly small trees but other forms that exhibited climbing growth have been found. Some forms, notably those called the Medullosales as seen here had large fronds which could be up several meters long. Several groups can be distinguished within the Pteridosperms. The Pteridosperms evolved in the latest Devonian, and became common in the Carboniferous. The Medullosales
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