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Found 20 results

  1. Proboscidea?

    Ill add more pictures. I found it on a beach in Washington State.
  2. Ivory / tip of tusk? Help ID

    Hi! I found this ivory piece I would like some help... Its has a rounded tip so I figure it might be a type of tusk tip? I know ivory grows on ring like formations but this piece is almost flat like more of a oval. And its so polish on the outer layer. I found it in a beach near Tybee Island in the Savannah River. Any help is apprecieated!!! Thanks in advance
  3. Gomphotherium tooth?

    Proboscidea tooth from indonesia. I can sure this is proboscidea tooth (even no enamel) but i can't sure what species's tooth. I guess this is Gomphotherium tooth. Is it right? thanks for your help.
  4. wild and woolly

    tikhomamm2012proboslagerstQuatIntFisher.pdf
  5. no sweat?

    reptegume2.43270.66.pdf Once again a note on my posting: yes I deliberately did NOT use a certain word
  6. Pillooli_2017_PI_561.pdf
  7. For those who can read French.

    Even those (like myself) not able to read anything but English, the illustrations and photos are worth the download. http://sciencepress.mnhn.fr/sites/default/files/articles/pdf/g2002n2a1.pdf Oh well, link appears inoperable. Sorry...
  8. Columbian Mammoth

    Isolated, essentially intact molar tooth (missing tiny portion of root at rear of specimen). Note the relatively small number of enamel plates (7 to 8 in a 100mm line) compared with the Woollly Mammoth (M. primigenius).
  9. American Mastodon

    At the time of finding the root structure of this specimen was soft and quite brittle. The root of the tooth was stabilized with the addition of butvar.
  10. Hello from Barlad, Romania! I have the pleasure to announce that an important frament of Deinotherium sp. was discovered recently by my friend and menthor dr. Lauretiu Ursachi from Vasile Parvan Museum (Barlad, Romania). This is the second Deinotherium discovered in Romania since the one found by G. Stefanescu in 1894. Here are a few articles: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3142189/7-million-year-old-fossil-elephant-ancestor-east-Romanian-village.html http://www.romaniajournal.ro/bones-of-7-million-old-elephants-grandsire-discovered-in-vaslui/ http://www.romania-insider.com/skeleton-of-7-million-year-old-elephant-ancestor-found-in-eastern-romania/151528/
  11. Hello, I need a little help identifying these Gomphothere teeth. The first one is Miocene age, from Bosnia and Herzegovina. I am not sure where the second one is from. Thanks in advance! Sincerely, Jay
  12. Gomphothere upper tusk tip

    From the album proboscidea collection

    Tusk tip from Bosnia. Repaid in the middle. Tip is perfect.
  13. Proboscidea Collection

    From the album Mammal Fossils Collection

    Collection of Proboscidea specimens: Mammoths, Mastodon & Gomphothere
  14. Assorted Fossils Collection 04

    From the album My Cabinet of Curiosity & Geological Art

    Assorted dinosaur eggs and proboscidean fossils collection
  15. This tooth was presumably found around the Khorat Plateau region of Thailand. I was told it's probably a Gomphotherium tooth but I can't be 100% certain as I am not that knowledgeable in Proboscidea specimens even the ones from my own country. So what do u guys think it is? Thx in advance for any insight and help from any local Proboscidean experts here
  16. Proboscidean Fossil Teeth

    From the album Mammal Fossils Collection

    Proboscidean Fossil Teeth: (Left) North Sea Mammoth, (Middle) Southern Mammoth & (Right) American Mastodon
  17. Proboscidea Collection

    From the album Mammal Fossils Collection

    Assorted collection of Proboscidea fossils
  18. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since May 14, 2017. General Proboscidea Proboscidea - Africa/Middle East Bibi, F., et al. (2012). Early evidence for complex social structure in proboscidea from a late Miocene trackway site in the United Arab Emirates. Biol.Lett., published online. Geraads, D. and E. Gulec (2003). Proboscidea from the middle Miocene hominoid site of Candir (Turkey). Cour.Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 240. Lister, A.M. (2013). The role of behaviour in adaptive morphological evolution of African proboscideans. Nature - Letter, Vol.000. Pickford, M. (2015). Large ungulates from the basal Oligocene of Oman: 2 - Proboscidea. Spanish Journal of Palaeontology, 30(2). Sanders, W.J. (2007). Taxonomic review of fossil Proboscidea from Langebaanweg, South Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 62(1). Shoshani, J., et al. (2006). A proboscidean from the late Oligocene of Eritrea, a "missing link" between early Elephantiformes and Elephantimorpha, and biogeographical implications.PNAS, Vol. 103, Number 46. Tassy, P. (2005). Proboscideans (Mammalia) from the late Miocene of Akkasdagi, Turkey. Geodiversitas, 27(4). Todd, N.E. (2006). Trends in Proboscidean Diversity in the African Cenozoic. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, Vol.13, Number 1. Proboscidea - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Author(s) Unknown (2007). Chapter 3. Proboscidean Fossils in Thailand. Chavasseau, O., et al. (2009). New Proboscideans (Mammalia) from the middle Miocene of Thailand. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 155. Hooijer, D.A. (1955). Fossil Proboscidea from the Malay Archipelago and the Punjab. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 28(1). Rai, Y.C. (2004). Fossil Elephants from the Indian Sub-Continent and Their Tusks: A Review. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India, Vol.49. Shikama, T., et al. Fossil Proboscidea from Taiwan. Takahashi, K., et al. (2001). Proboscidean fossils from the Japanese Archipelago and Taiwan Islands and their relationship with the Chinese mainland. The World of Elephants International Congress - Rome. Thasod, Y., P. Jintasakul and B. Ratanasthien (2012). Proboscidean Fossil from the Tha Chang Sand Pits, Nakhon Rachasima Province, Thailand. J.Sci.Technol. MSU, Vol.31, Number 1. Yoshikawa, S., et al. (2007). Land bridge formation and proboscidean immigration into the Japanese Islands during the Quaternary. Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University, Vol.50, Article 1. Proboscidea - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Agostini, S., et al. (2001). Abruzzo(Italy): the Plio-Pleistocene proboscidean-bearing sites. The World of Elephants - International Congress. Athanassiou, A. (2004). A new elephant site in the Heliakmon River valley (W. Macedonia, Greece). 5th International Symposium on Eastern Mediterranean Geology. Athanassiou, A. (2000). Presence of Fossil Elephants in the Area of Penios Valley (NW Peloponnesus, Greece).Annales Geologiques Des Pays Helleniques. Athanassiou, A. and D.S. Kostopoulos (2001). Proboscidea of the Greek Pliocene-Early Pleistocene faunas: biochronolgical and palaeoecological implications. The World of Elephants International Congress - Rome. Calandra, I., U.B. Gohlich and G.Merceron (2008). How could sympatric megaherbivores exist? Example of niche partitioning within a proboscidean community from the Miocene of Europe. Naturwissenschaften, 95. Danukalova, G.A. and A.G. Yakovlev (2001). Finds of proboscidean remains in the territory of the Southern Urals region. The World of Elephants International Congress - Rome. Doukas, C.S. and A. Athanassiou (2003). Review of the Pliocene and Pleistocene Proboscidea (Mammalia) from Greece. Advances in Mammoth Research, Proceedings of the Second International Mammoth Conference - Rotterdam. Ferretti, M.P. and R.V. Croiter (2001). Functional morphology and ecology of Villafranchian Proboscideans from Central Italy. The World of Elephants International Congress - Rome. Gasparik, M. (2001). Neogene proboscidean remains from Hungary; an overview. Fragmenta Palaeontologica Hungarica, 19. Huttunen, K. (2003). Proboscidea (Mammalia) from the Middle Miocene of Grund and Guntersdorf, Lower Austria. Ann.Naturhist.Mus. Wien, 104A. Konidaris, G.E. and G.D. Koufos (2009). 8. Proboscidea. In: The Late Miocene Mammal Faunas of the Mytilini Basin, Samos Island, Greece: New Collection. Beitr.Paläont., Wien, 31. Lenardic, J.M. (2011). Miocene to Late Pleistocene proboscideans of Croatia. Quaternary International, xxx. (Article in Press) Lenardic, J.M. and V. Pohar (1997). Distribution of Mastodonts in Slovenia. Geoloski zbornik, 12. Markov, G.N. (2008). Fossil proboscideans (Mammalia) from the vicinities of Varna: a rare indication of middle Miocene vertebrate fauna in Bulgaria. Historia naturalis bulgarica, 19. Markov, G.N. (2008). The Turolian proboscideans (Mammalia) of Europe: preliminary observations. Historia naturalis bulgarica, 19. Markov, G.N. (2004). The fossil proboscideans of Bulgaria and the importance of some Bulgarian finds - a brief review. Historia naturalis bulgarica, 16. Mazo, A.B. and P. Montoya (2003). Proboscidea (Mammalia) from the Upper Miocene of Crevillente (Alicante, Spain).Scripta Geol.,126. Mol, D., G.D. van den Bergh and J. de Vos (1999). Fossil proboscideans from The Netherlands, the North Sea and the Oosterschelde Estuary. In: Mammoths and the Mammoth Fauna: Studies of an Extinct Ecosystem. Haynes, G., J. Klimowicz and J.W.F. Reumer (eds.), DEINSEA 6. Rivals, F., G. Semprebon and A. Lister (2012). An examination of dietary diversity patterns in Pleistocene proboscideans (Mammuthus, Palaeoloxodon and Mammut) from Europe and North America as revealed by dental microwear. Quaternary International, 255. Saarinen, J. and A.M. Lister (2016). Dental mesowear reflects local vegetation and niche separation in Pleistocene proboscideans from Britain. Journal of Quaternary Sciences, 31(7). Theodorou, G., et al. (2000). Descripiton and Taphonomic Investigations of Neogene Proboscidea from Rhodos, Greece. Annales Geologiques Des Pays Helleniques. Theodoru, G.E. and K. Agiadi (2001). Observations on the microstructure of fossil tusks from the Charkadio cave (Tilos, Dodekanese,Greece). The World of Elephants International Congress - Rome. Vergiev, S. and G.N. Markov (2012). Fossil Proboscideans (Mammalia) from the Collections of the Varna Regional Museum of History. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 64(4). Vislobokova, I. (2005). On Pliocene faunas with Proboscideans in the territory of the former Soviet Union. Quaternary International, 126-128. Proboscidea - North America Anderson, N.C. (1905). A Preliminary List of Fossil Mammoth and Mastodon Remains of Illinois and Iowa. Augustana Book Concern. (Note: may be read on-line or downloaded as a 5.6MB pdf file.) Fisher, D.C. (2009). 4. Paleobiology and Extinction of Proboscideans in the Great Lakes Region of North America. In: American Megafaunal Extinctions at the End of the Pleistocene. Haynes, G. (ed.), Springer Science + Business Media B.V. Fisher, D.C., et al. (2014). Taxonomic overview and tusk growth analyses of Ziegler Reservoir proboscideans. Quaternary International, 82. Graham, R.Wm. (2001). Late Quaternary biogeography and extinction of Proboscideans in North America. The World of Elephants International Congress - Rome. Prado, J.L., et al. (2011). New World proboscidean extinctions: comparisons between North and South America. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 7(3). Rivals, F., G. Semprebon and A. Lister (2012). An examination of dietary diversity patterns in Pleistocene proboscideans (Mammuthus, Palaeoloxodon and Mammut) from Europe and North America as revealed by dental microwear. Quaternary International, 255. Sullivan, R.M. and K.A. Randall (1996). Pennsylvania's Prehistoric Pachyderms. Natural History Notes of The State Museum of Pennsylvania, Number 2. Tegowski, B.J. and R.S. White (2000). Proboscidean Fossils from the San Simon River Valley, Graham and Cochise Counties, Arizona. Southwest Paleontological Symposium - Proceedings 2000, Mesa Southwest Museum Bulletin No.7. Webb, S.D. (1967). Fossil Proboscideans of Florida. The Plaster Jacket, Number 4. (Thanks to Nimravus for pointing this one out!) Webb, S.D. and J.P. Dudley (1995). Proboscidea from the Leisey Shell Pits, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part II, Number 20. Widga, C., et al. (2017). Late Pleistocene proboscidean population dynamics in the North American Midcontinent. Boreas. Wyckoff, D.G. and N.J. Czaplewski (1997). Paleontological and Archaeological Perspectives of Fossil Proboscideans in Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geology Notes, 57(3). Proboscidea - South America/Central America/Caribbean Lucas, S.G. and G.E. Alvarado (2010). Fossil Proboscidea from the Upper Cenozoic of Central America: Taxonomy, Evolutionary and Paleobiogeographic Significance. Revista Geologica de America Central, 42. Prado, J.L., et al. (2011). New World proboscidean extinctions: comparisons between North and South America. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 7(3). General Proboscidea Benoit, J. (2015). A New Method of Estimating Brain Mass Through Cranial Capacity in Extinct Proboscideans to Account for the Non-Neural Tissue Surrounding Their Brain. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, e991021. Cerling, T.E., J.M. Harris and M.G. Leakey (1999). Browsing and grazing in elephants: the isotope record of modern and fossil proboscideans. Oecologia, 120. Espinoza, E.O. and M.-J. Mann (1993). The History and Significance of the Schreger Pattern in Proboscidean Ivory Characterization. JAIC32 (1993). Ferretti, M.P. and R. Debruyne (2011). Anatomy and phylogenetic value of the mandibular and coronoid canals and their associated foramina in proboscideans (Mammalia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 161. Gaeth, A.P., R.V. Short and M.B. Renfree (1999). The developing renal, reproductive and respiratory systems of the African elephant suggest an aquatic ancenstry. PNAS, Vol.96. Haynes, G. (1987). Proboscidean Die-offs and Die-outs: Age Profiles in Fossil Collections. Journal of Archaeological Science, 14. Hutchinson, J.R., et al. (2011). From Flat Foot to Fat Foot: Structure, Ontogeny, Function and Evolution of Elephant "Sixth Toes". Science, Vol.334. Lambert, W.D. (2005). The Microstructure of Proboscidean Ivory and its Application to the Subordinal Identification of Isolated Ivory Specimens.Bulletin Florida Museum of Natural History, 45(4). Larramendi, A. (201X). Shoulder height, body mass and shape of proboscideans. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, XX(X). (Article in review) Liu, A.G.S.C., E.R. Seiffert and E.L. Simons (2008). Stable isotope evidence for an amphibious phase in early proboscidean evolution. PNAS, Vol.105, Number 15. Osborn, H.F. (1936). Proboscidea: A Monograph of the Discovery, Evolution, Migration and Extinction of the Mastodonts and Elephants of the World. Vol.I - Moeritheriodea, Dinotheriodea, Mastodontoidea. The American Museum Press, New York. (878 pages, 86.1MB download) Osborn, H.F. (1936). Proboscidea: A Monograph of the Discovery, Evolution, Migration and Extinction of the Mastodonts and Elephants of the World. Vol.II - Stegodontoidea, Elephantoidea. The American Museum Press, New York. (960 pages, 100.3MB download) Osborn, H.F. (1935). The Ancestral Tree of the Proboscidea. Discovery, Evolution, Migration and Extinction Over a 50,000,000 Year Period.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol.21. Osborn, H.F. (1929). New Eurasiatic and American Proboscideans. American Museum Novitates, Number 393. Osborn, H.F.(1924). Additional Generic and Specific Stages in the Evolution of the Proboscidea. American Museum Novitates, Number 254. Palombo, M.R. and P. Villa (2001). Schreger lines as support in the Elephantinae identification. The World Of Elephants - International Conference, Rome 2001. (Thanks to Auspex for pointing this one out!) Rohland, N., et al. (2007). Proboscidean Mitogenomics: Chronology and Mode of Elephant Evolution Using Mastodon as Outgroup. PLoS Biology, 5(8). Saarinen, J., et al. (2015). A New Tooth Wear-Based Dietary Analysis Method for Proboscidea (Mammalia). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, e918546. Shoshani, J. and P. Tassy (2005). Advances in proboscidean taxonomy & classification, anatomy & physiology, and ecology & behavior. Quaternary International, 126-128. Shoshani, J., et al. (2001). Elephants and other Proboscideans: a summary of recent findings and new taxonomic suggestions.The World of Elephants International Congress - Rome. Tassy, P. (1987). A Hypothesis on the Homology of Proboscidean Tusks Based on Paleontological Data. American Museum Novitates, Number 2895. Thenius, E. (1964). The Distribution of Proboscidea (Elephants). Kosmos #5. Thomas, M.G., et al. (2000). Molecular and morphological evidence on the phylogeny of the Elephantidae. Proc.R.Soc.Lond. B, 267. Van der Made, J. and A.V. Mazo (2003). Proboscidean dispersals from Africa towards Western Europe. In: Advances in Mammoth Research. Reumer, J.W.F., J. De Vos and D. Mol (eds.), DEINSEA 9. Yang, H., E.M. Golenberg and J. Shoshani (1997). Proboscidean DNA from Museum and Fossil Specimens: An Assessment of Ancient DNA Extraction and Amplification Techniques. Biochemical Genetics, Vol.55, Nos. 5/6.
  19. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since April 18, 2018. Order Proboscidea Family Elephantidae - Elephants and Mammoths Subfamily Stegotetrabelodontinae - Stegotetrabelodon and Stegodibelodon Ferretti, M.P., et al. (2003). Stegotetrabelodon (Proboscidea, Elephantidae) from the Late Miocene of Southern Italy.Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 23(3). Ferretti, M.P., D. Torre and L. Rook (2001). The Stegotetrabelodon remains from Cessaniti (Calabria, Southern Italy) and their bearing on Late Miocene biogeography of the genus. The World of Elephants - International Congress, Rome 2001. Subfamily Elephantinae Tribe Loxodontini - Loxodonta Eggert, L.S., C.A. Rasner and D.S. Woodruff (2002). The evolution and phylogeography of the African elephant inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence and nuclear microsatellite markers. Proc.R.Soc.Lond. B, 269. Godard, G. (2009). The fossil proboscideans of Utica (Tunisia), a key to the 'giant' controversy, from Saint Augustine (424) to Peiresc (1632). Geological Society, London, Special Publications, Vol.310. Tribe Elephantini - Paleoloxodon, Elephas and Mammuthus Elephantini - Africa/Middle East Albayrak, E. and A.M. Lister (2012). Dental remains of fossil elephants from Turkey. Quaternary International, 276-277. da Silva Marinheiro, J.A. (2015). Proboscideans and other vertebrates from Anchrif, Morocco. Masters Dissertation - Universidade Nova De Lisboa. Osborn, H.F. (1934). Primitive Archidiskodon and Palaeoloxodon of South Africa. American Museum Novitates, Number 741. Rabinovich, R. and A.M. Lister (2016). The earliest elephants out of Africa: Taxonomy and taphonomy of proboscidean remains from Bethlehem. Quaternary International, xxx. (Article in press) Rook, L., M.P. Ferretti and Y. Libsekal (2001). Analysis of the Early Pleistocene Elephants from Buia (Eritrea). The World of Elephants International Congress - Rome. Elephantini - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Chen, X. and H.-w. Tong (2016). On the hindfoot bones of Mammuthus trogontherii from Shanshenmiaozui in Nihewan Basin, China. Quaternary International, xxx. (Article in press) Guang-biao, W., et al. (2006). Pliocene and Early Pleistocene Primitive Mammoths of Northern China: Their revised taxonomy, biostratigraphy and evolution. Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University, Vol.49, Article 5. Hooijer, D.A. (1955). 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