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Found 93 results

  1. Hey y'all - we finally re-named "Squalodon" tiedemani, now known as Ankylorhiza tiedemani - a large macropredatory killer whale like dolphin with some implications for the early feeding ecology of odontocetes (toothed/echolocating whales) and convergent evolution of swimming in baleen whales (mysticetes) and odontocetes after their split some ~35-36 million years ago. I've copied our FB post text below so I don't need to re-type it all. Introducing the species formerly known as Genus Y: Ankylorhiza tiedemani! This large dolphin was originally named from a partial but uninformative skull dredged from the Wando River in South Carolina in the 1880s, erroneously placed in the genus Squalodon, and without any age data. Our new skeleton, CCNHM 103, is nearly complete, and demonstrates 1) that it definitely isn’t Squalodon, needing the new genus name Ankylorhiza, and 2) the species is from the Oligocene epoch. The new skeleton was discovered by Mark Havenstein in the ~24 million year old Chandler Bridge Formation near Summerville SC in the mid 1990s. There are two major aspects to this new study, published today in the prestigious journal Current Biology by one of our paleontologists, Dr. Boessenecker, and colleagues (Dr. Morgan Churchill, Dr. Emily Buchholtz, Dr. Brian Beatty, and Dr. Jonathan Geisler). The first and more simple finding is that Ankylorhiza is large and has several adaptations for feeding on large prey: large, thick-rooted teeth, a robust snout, sharp (and occasionally serrated) cutting edges on its teeth, enormous jaw muscles, and a killer whale-like range of neck motion. This evidence all points toward Ankylorhiza being an apex predator, reinvading the niche formerly occupied by predatory basilosaurid whales which died out only 5 million years before the oldest fossils of Ankylorhiza. The second and more surprising aspect is what the skeleton tells us about the evolution of swimming adaptations. Modern baleen whale and echolocating whale skeletons are remarkably similar, and assumed to have remained static since the split between the two groups some 35 million years ago. Indeed, most “whaleontologists” working on early baleen whales and early dolphins are ‘headhunters’ and focus exclusively on skulls. The flipper and vertebrae of Ankylorhiza indicate that many features in modern baleen (mysticetes) and echolocating whales (odontocetes) actually evolved twice, in parallel – we call this convergent evolution. We know this since modern mysticetes and odontocetes share many features– including a remarkably shortened humerus (upper arm bone; still a bit long in Ankylorhiza), lost muscle attachments of the humerus (still present in Ankylorhiza), short blocky finger bones (long/skinny in Ankylorhiza), a narrow tail stock (wide in Ankylorhiza), and more than 23 or so tail vertebrae (fewer than that in Ankylorhiza). These features therefore must have evolved convergently – likely driven by the locking of the elbow joint, forcing the flipper to be used only for steering and all propulsive force to come from the tail. You can read the paper here: https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(20)30828-9 (please email us if you would like a pdf of the paper)
  2. Hey everyone, I am new to the forum, but have been searching for and collecting shark teeth for years. I found this tooth earlier today, but didn’t know for sure what kind of shark it was. My first thought was a Great White but it is smaller than some of my other great white teeth I have found or seen. It does have serrated edges. Any help is appreciated and thanks in advance!
  3. Carcharodon Plicatilis?

    I have here a tooth from Charleston, SC, a river find. I've narrowed it down to a white shark, and based on this guide I'm torn between Carcharodon Plicatilis and Carcharodon Carcharias. I'm leaning towards the former. Could anyone please provide confirmation?
  4. Charleston, SC - Possible Whale Bones?

    Hi everyone, These are from Charleston, SC. I'm thinking whale bones. Anyone know for sure?
  5. Charleston, SC

    Hi everyone, I have here fossils found off a river bank near Charleston, South Carolina. I believe I know what some of these are, but would like some confirmation. For many of them, I have pretty much no idea. I'd appreciate any help! 1) Carcharocles Angustiden? 2) Megalodon fragment possibly 3 3) Front/back of the same tooth fragment 4) Front/back of the same tooth fragment. Megalodon possibly? 5) Front/back. Might it be a whale bone? 6) Front/back. I think many of the ones following are whale or dolphin bones. 7) Front/back 8) Front/back 9) Front/back 10) These looked similar to me, maybe fish tail bones? 11) Front/back 12) Front/back 13) Front/back 14) Front/back
  6. Fossil hunting tools

    I am always interested in hearing about (and seeing photos of) tools used for fossil hunting. I have used all sorts and I currently received a new device for underwater viewing. It is called a Bathyscope.
  7. So I find lots of equus teeth on my beach and lots of partials. This appears to be one of those but it sort of looks like a whole tooth not a fragment. Is it just equus? Thanks for your help!
  8. I found this dome shaped piece of bone on folly beach South Carolina. Have looked through tons of reference photos and haven’t been able to come up with anything. Thank you for any input.
  9. One day I’ll learn to differentiate between phosphate nodules and fossils, today is not that day. Thanks for any input you have, this object appears to have symmetry on all sides, is it a fossil? I found it on the beach in South Carolina.
  10. South Carolina Beach Sifting

    Hi, I understand SC is pretty strict with using implements to dig around on state lands, like creeks. However, does anyone know how this applies to public beaches? I would like to hunt Folly. Can I dig into the sand with a shovel to sift through with my sieve? If not, can I use my hand to load up the sieve? I'm questioning whether a sieve can be used at al.
  11. Is this a tooth?

    I found this fossil on the beach tonight. It looks sort of like a mammoth tooth but it’s much smaller. Can anyone help me? Thank you!
  12. Possible scute

    I found this in a phosphate mine in Dorchester county South Carolina. I’ve had people tell me it’s a crocodile scute but also and alligator and also a glyptodon. I think croc but I’m pretty new so really have no idea what to believe. The indents on the top look like a croc or alligator scute but there is no ridge on the top like you see in the croc scutes however there is pretty pronounced u shape indent in the bottom. Thanks for any insight and thank you for having me!! dave
  13. Okay, I posted this yesterday and I’m not sure if it was that it was too long winded, in the wrong spot, or both. So, I will attempt to boil it down. There was a post on this topic in 2011 but I feel like there’s certainly more knowledge on this now. 1. What formations are megalodon teeth coming from? The plausible ones are the Parachucla (22ma), Marks Head (18ma), and Goose Creek Lime (3.5ma), all within the umbrella Hawthorn formation. The CofC Museum lists almost every specimen as coming from the Goose Creek Lime, yet the hottest spots at best have the Raysor formation(2.5ma) exposed. 2. Are said spots only good underwater where the river has cut through to the former three? 3. Is material between the Marks Head and Goose Creek era extant in any areas? People have suggested that the size of some teeth would place them in the middle of these two time periods, unless there’s reason to believe they’re reworked. 4. Wanting to see pictures of the formations mentioned (excluding Marks Head which is only subsurface), in addition the Wando and Chandler Bridge formations if anyone has pictures lying around.
  14. Vertebrae ID please

    Could you tell me what this vertebrae belonged to? It will not let me upload more photos. Thank you
  15. Sharks Teeth Id Help Please

    Found at a site in Charleston. Would love help to ID
  16. Help ID this Shark tooth please

    Hello! Can someone tell me what shark is it? Thank you!
  17. Hello! Could someone please ID this shark? Size of tooth is 2.1 inches. Thank you!
  18. Fossil ID: Bison Horn?

    Hi TFF, thanks for having me. I frequently find fossils all over the Las Vegas area, but usually things that came from the sea: shells, small organisms, coral. On one of my last outings, I found this horn. I find many Rugosa, coral horns, in the exposed limestone on the peaks around Mt. Charleston area. This example looks very different to me. It is about 8 inches, 20cm long, and is very heavy, like stone and rock. It appears to me that the outer shell "horn" is partially intact, though long turned to rock. The core is a different texture and color as well. It was found on an exposed limestone ridge a mile or two south of Charleston Peak, ~11,000 ft elevation, partially buried in scree. My first thought was it was some sort of tusk from a sea animal, due to other sea fossils in the area. The bison examples I compared it to on the web could be a match to my untrained eye, but none of them to be as "petrified" or stone-like as this one. I thought I'd share, as it seems like a rare find for the area.
  19. Help with ID please

    Could you guys help ID this please? Found in Charleston SC. Thanks!
  20. On Friday I went on a guided trip fossil hunting on Morris Island through Charleston Outdoor Adventures, a chartered trip and rental company operating on Bowens Island. I must say I was thoroughly impressed with the operation as a whole. Their guides were friendly and knowledgeable, and I would highly recommend their service to anyone looking for a guided adventure in the Charleston Area. Anyways, we departed Bowens Island on a large Carolina Skiff for a 20 minute zip through the salt marsh before landing on the northern end of Morris Island. I remember that everyone slowed down looking for shark's teeth, but the guides kept up the pace because they knew we wouldn't find anything yet! But as we approached the jetty rounding the curve of the island, I began to see the familiar triangular shapes of teeth. One guide led the pack, while the other brought up the rear. The smaller kids would stick close to them because they'd circle any tooth they saw with the broom handles each of them carried. I typically stuck near the back of the group just because I moved slower than most of the rest of the group because I was looking for fossils, which I certainly found in abundance. Sometimes it surprised me how large of teeth had been walked past by 15-odd people already. Interestingly, unlike some of the fossiling sites along Charleston's coasts, the teeth here were not deposited as a result of beach renourishment with dredge material, but rather they were eroding out of some small cliffs further down the beach. As we got closer and closer to it, we'd find larger and larger teeth. One of the guides told me a story about how one of his friends had found 4 associated shark vertebrae in the cliff face. I found myself a nice angustidens or two, a partial porpoise tooth, and some larger but beat up teeth. Both of my little brothers had a great time and found some great teeth, and overall this was a great experience.
  21. Meant to post this days ago, but accidentally left it unfinished. Whoops. Anyways, on Sunday I took a trip to Northbridge Park on the Ashley River. While definitely enjoyable, due to a nice breeze, a reasonable temperature, and an excellent view, based on my experience I must say that I would not recommend fossil hunting. Teeth were few and far between. However, I might try coming back after a decent storm. For those interested in an easy way to have a good experience fossil hunting in the Charleston area, I would recommend either going on a guided trip or trying the state park end of Folly, which I have heard encouraging things about.
  22. Good morning to all, I will be traveling to Seabrook, South Carolina on Saturday (6/15/19), and have been doing some research regarding potential sites to go shark tooth/fossil hunting. I have been fascinated with fossils and shark teeth my entire life, but never lived in a location to support this hobby. I've read that Summerville, Charleston, and Cooper River (maybe off-shooting creeks), are common spots, but I'd like to have a more calculated game plan than just stopping at random rivers/creeks LOL. After reading through several of the forums here, I understand that some basic advice would be to utilize google earth or maps, and attempt to locate "dredge spots" in rivers..? Would anyone be willing to help a newbie out with some research 101 type advice? Again, your craft absolutely AMAZES me!!! Any and all advice is greatly appreciated!!!
  23. Horse teeth ??

    Maybe horse teeth cooper river Charleston sc Top Just over 2inches long just over 1inch thick bottom 3inches long 1.25 inches wide
  24. Spoils of war !

    Massive lot of diving the cooper river Charleston South Carolina from sharks teeth to billfish vertebrae and vertebrae’s of shark and whale . Couple of shells and ray plates and horse teeth and even a very large arrowhead and large bones.
  25. Huge Angie

    Found diving In the cooper river Charleston sc giant 2.5 wide 2.5 long Angie !!!
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