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Found 46 results

  1. Petrified wood?

    Found this at the edge of a shallow stream bed that flies down from Smoky Mountain region in East Tennessee at Indian Boundary Lake near Tellico Plains Tennessee at edge if Cherokee National Forest. It measures 2" long, 1.75" at widest 1/2" deep at deepest. A bit more flat on one side. Cross section shows a thin outer layer. Outside look reminds me of wood but I don't know. Looks like photos too big so I will load another below.
  2. van Keulen, P. and Rhebergen, F., 2017. Typology and fossil assemblage of Sandbian (Ordovician) 'baksteenkalk': an erratic silicified limestone of Baltic origin from the northeastern Netherlands and adjacent areas of Germany. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 66(4), pp.198-220. Link to open access PDF file Winterman, W., 1990. Baksteenkalk. Grondboor & Hamer, 44(1), pp.11-13. Rhebergen, F., 2001. Trilobieten in noordelijke zwerfstenen in Nederland. GEA, 34(3), pp.39-43. Rhebergen, F., 1993. Ordovicische zwerfstenen in het Twents-Duitse grensgebied. Grondboor en Hamer, 47, pp.132-140. Yours, Paul H.
  3. Crowley’s Ridge

    All of my pieces come from a creek on Crowley’s Ridge in northeast Arkansas near the Missouri border. Crowley’s Ridge is believed to be about 10,000 years old. Located as far north as New Madrid, Missouri and as far south as Wynne, Arkansas, it is believed by some to be a former bank of the Mississippi River. At some point, it may have even been an island. Some research has suggested that the ridge was affected by volcanic activity in the distant past. Today, Crowley’s Ridge is known for its gravel pits, uplifts, and bluffs which were likely caused by the New Madrid fault on which it sits. Our roads are covered with Crowley’s Ridge chert from the gravel pits. More practically-at least for me and my farming family-the ridge is partially covered with fertile, wind-blown “sandy loam.” We are rice farmers at the base of the ridge. I have explored the ridge since I was very young. The pieces I have collected were strange or out of place according to my limited perspective. I should also add that Crowley’s Ridge is Home to flora (plants) that are so far unknown to the Appalachian chain to its east and also unknown to the Ozark chain to its west. In this way, my little ridge is very unique. Memphis State University has done research on (Cretaceous?)sea fossils found in a creek bank near Wynne, Arkansas—-near the southern end of the ridge. I haven’t found those kinds of fossils in the area where I’ve explored. I learned most of the above information in a couple of upper level geography courses I had to take to fulfill my degree in Social Science. I don’t pretend to be an expert in fossils, minerals, or geology. I am here to learn about my “cool” rocks and clay.
  4. Are these bite marks?

    Hi, I came across this rock on the beach in Eastern Canada. I was wondering if anyone else finds it interesting. The marks on it resemble bite marks and I cannot let it go until someone helps me figure out what it is. Thanks! It's approximately 12 cm long.
  5. Coral or Erosion

    Hi everyone. I found this piece of Missouri chert in a creek bed, but I am not sure if it is coral or just erosion. I have seen other pictures of coral that look similar to this, but I do not see any biological pattern or clues that this was once alive like you can see in something like a crinoid. Any help or tips would be appreciated
  6. Possible chert?

    My husband is an irrigator in the Midland, TX area. A client of his had this in their backyard and gave it to my husband. It was found on the clients ranch originally near Fort Stockton, TX. We thought it was a bone because, well, just look at it lol. We were able to take it to a gem and mineral show yesterday to have it looked at and the concenous was although very interesting, it was chert. Now all the research I've been doing on chert and I have yet to find anything like this. Reverse fossil maybe?
  7. I've had this ax for several years. It comes from Denmark, or at least that area. Made of ground stone, it contains a fossil that is approximately 5mm long. I have wondered since I got this what that fossil could be. Any help is appreciated. The ax: The fossil:
  8. Vertebrate?

    I found 2 of these when I put in a septic system along with crynoid calyxs, nautilus, and ammonite peices. Wouldn’t expect to find anything like this here.
  9. Ammonite?

    Looking through my typical pile of gravel I saw this, I thought maybe it was wishful thinking because I see spiral shapes all the time. I picked it up and noticed it had traces of shell like material tracing the spiral. Could it be an ammonite encased in chert like this, or just a worn down snail of some other sort?
  10. Strange fossils in chert found in NY

    Hi, I was driving along the NY State Thruway recently and stopped at several roadcuts in Devonian limestones. I picked up a big chunk of chert that had interesting fossils in it. I think they are crinoid column segments seen edge-on and end-on, but I'm not sure. They are all encased in chert and they are not CaCO3 (they don't fizz in HCl). Does anyone have any other ideas? Thanks for any help, Bob
  11. Picked this up on the beach today. I'm still a noob, but having lived in East Sussex for a few months I've become pretty adept at identifying our local fossils (if it isn't a sea urchin, it's a sponge), but this new thing has me stumped! Initially I thought it was some kind of coral, then on further inspection I thought maybe the top part of an ammonite (or mollusc) shell. Now I'm coming back round to thinking it might be an echinoid, but I can't explain the strut-like structures (surely not spines!?). The Details This was found on the beach near Rottingdean, East Sussex, UK. That means it is likely late Cretaceous (NB: worth noting that I have been told a good deal of the pebbles on the beach have been imported, and the local flint is typically a dark black-grey, so while I assume that most finds are cretaceous this could potentially be from... anywhere) The area is a couple of miles west of Peacehaven, home to several giant Parapuzosia ammonites, and a much richer seam of google hits / background information Photo #1 Photo #02 Photo #03 Right hand side (note triangular markings): Photo #04 Left hand side - good view of the extremely fine strut like structures Finally, if anyone has any thoughts on splitting/ extraction / prep, they would also be gratefully received!
  12. Friend of the family has this on display in an aquarium. Looks like it’s in fossiliferous chert. Found in Wayne County, MO. Any ideas?
  13. More Kingsbury TX finds

    Hi everyone! Holidays mean more time to photo and post. As previously mentioned in my previous post, I am finding a lot of fossil impressions and voids in chert and mudstone on a small artist residency and farm in Kingsbury, Texas, in Guadeloupe County. And some petrified wood. Most of the casts I find are pelecypods and some gastropods; however I am finding some other stuff, some of it total mystery. This time I will post the mystery items first. Let me know your thoughts! This first mystery (3 views) has tight incised lines around the darker shape - most evident in central photo. The next item, below, has lots of impressions. The closeup on right shows a spiral on left side, is that a worm, or a gastropod internal cast/mold? I think the horizontal cavities on right of closeup are some kind of coral? Here's some coral ... or petrified wood? (two images Photoshopped together) And also...the below is super interesting...at first I thought it was just a chip, or a shell impression. But starting to think insect wings! At first I thought this could be a bryozoa (left photo below), but I think it is more likely a worn pelecypod impression, re like the typical one on the other side other rock (right photo). And here's some pet wood, various types And bone? Or coral? I keep thinking bone because of smooth sides.
  14. Hi everyone! For the last few months I have been finding lots of fossil imprints in mixed chert cobble on a artist residency/farm in Kingsbury, Texas near Seguin (in Guadeloupe county). They are digging up some of the cobble/gravel to line the roads and walkways on the farm, which means that everything gets spread out nicely! Plus there is the 'quarry' itself. The USGS map says that the area is Wilcox Group, undivided, and/or Willis Formation, and I am looking at mudstone, chert, a little bit of sandstone, gravel, some petrified wood. In terms of age I think it matches up with Eocene but could go back a little farther, especially since some stuff may have been deposited by a nearby creek. For Wilcox Group USGS says AGE_MINPhanerozoic - Cenozoic - Tertiary-Paleogene - Early-Eocene AGE_MAXPhanerozoic - Cenozoic - Tertiary-Paleogene - Late-Paleocene. I am using the two classic Texas references to ID general fossil type, Matthew's Texas Fossils and also Finsley's A Field Guide to Fossils of Texas, and also deeply perusing thefossilforum.com site. I think the below is a stromatolite, then the rest are pelecypod impressions of various types. Except for that last photo in this post, I am guessing that is just a sideways cross section. I am curious as to your opinions... it has been really fun to look and to find these! I will add more images in subsequent posts.
  15. Banded chert or shell?

    leaning toward banded chert but double checking... found a couple of these....interesting stone.
  16. large chert nodule

    I'm currently working with a monster nodule. 14.5 inches around. Had some chipping at the bottom with a small amount on one side. After several freeze/thaws the whole lower section is now exposed from chipping & flaking with the smaller area on the side enlarged as well. Nice off white, almost powdery exterior with a med dark brown interior. I'm hoping there's at least something in it and that the something is larger than a pea. Nodule has this tiny, curious almost nipple like area on top. Anyone have any experience with one this size? Am I possibly wasting my time? There are several hairline cracks showing here & there in the white exterior so far. My biggest problems are that I don't really know how long I should be soaking it, or freezing it or if it needs to be submerged in water while freezing. And of course, if I'm going to make it the whole way or end up whacking it with a hammer. Any helpful suggestions would be nice.
  17. I would like to better understand conchoidal fracturing of chert/flint. I have many pieces where the fracturing is obviously conchoidal, but some others where this isn't obvious. I'll post photos in hopes that knowledgeable folks can point out circular characteristics that I'm not seeing. In this first one I can see small conchoidal divots. It's the larger seemingly straight(long lines) fractures where I don't see conchoidal characteristics.
  18. I found this rock about 20 years ago while hiking a piece of property I was considering buying, which was perched on a high bluff over looking the Illinois River. I picked it up because of the beautiful druzy crystals on it. I have been cleaning quartz crystals this week, which I found a few weeks ago near Hot Springs, AR. I was using Iron out to remove the iron stains. Anyway, I have kept this rock in my kitchen window so it could catch the sunlight and sparkle for me all these years. It is not the finest home decor, but definitely my style. I picked it up today to see if it had any iron stains on it that might need to be removed. As I was looking at it something in the chert caught my eye! I’ve had this rock all these years, but never realized, to my great delight (squeal!!!), there were fossils in it until today. That just makes it all the more special and cool. The formation there is Keokuk and Reed, which is Mississippian. I think these may be Bryozoa, but I’m not certain. I’m not sure I’ve ever hunted a Mississippian formation and found much besides crinoid pieces. Note the little rice grain size/shape dark spots on the top right side. I saw them and began to wonder if they were fossils. I turned the rock around to look at all sides and saw these rice grain size and shapes that were clustered together. See top center just below the crystal. These look flat, but in the next pic they have more dimension. Rice grain size and shape center of pic. The bottom of the rock. Note bottom center it almost looks like a plant leaf of sorts, but I assume Bryozoa. I have not found many fossils in the area. I found a couple crinoid fragments on the nearby land that I ended up buying instead. So, I’m pretty sure these are marine fossils. A few miles away to the east in Arkansas, in the Boone Formation, I found 3 Spirifers and abundant crinoid stalk fragments. Can anyone confirm that these are Bryozoa and if so what type they may be? Thank you in advance for your comments and input. Kim
  19. Oolites or something more?

    I found this 40 lb chunk of what looks to be oolitic chert with some agate tubes running through it in east-central Minnesota while out agate hunting. Maybe it's considered a cold water agate, but I'm not really sure what that truly means anyways. Either way, I was wondering if there is something more to this structure besides oolites. Maybe some kind of coral or other reef building organism? Any more information would be great. Thanks!
  20. Fossil in chert?

    Chert from Bexar County, TX. If a fossil, what could it be?
  21. Plant fossils in flint?

    These were found in Bexar County, TX. They look like plants to me, but wanted to confirm.
  22. I found this along the Fox River in Elgin, IL. At first I thought it was a stromatoporoid fossil (I find them everywhere in this area), but upon closer inspection I couldn't see anything that looked like pillars or laminae. Someone suggested chaetetid sponge, or a stromatoporoid that was distorted by silicification. I can't find any photos that look like my spec. except dino bone and we don't have those in northern Illinois. Is it a natural formation, crazy looking oolites? I'm totally stumped! More pics
  23. Chert? Attempted tool?

    Thoughts? Found along a gravel bar in southern Minnesota
  24. Coastal fossil ID

    Hey all! I'm new to the forum so I thought I'd introduce myself with a find! I found this one while searching for artifacts in my historical geology class. The rock was found beside a dock located on a river right off the ocean (wilmington, nc). The location this rock was found in had several varieties of rocks including clay, siltstone, and scorria. This rock appears to be chert. It has glassy cleavage and banding along its side. It also reacts slightly with HCl. The small bore holes on the top surface come in pairs. My guess is that they were formed by Polychaeda? I am really having trouble identifying the marking on the front, however. They appear to look almost like tire tracks with several ridges along the edges is them. Can anybody help me ID this one? Here is a view from the side.