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Found 26 results

  1. Possible Chengjiang cnidarian?

    I acquired this enigmatic creature a while back and just rediscovered it in storage. It was found in the Heilinpu Fm, Kunming, Yunnan Province, China (Lower Cambrian, same age as the Chengjiang fauna). I have seen a few similar creatures offered from the same locality from a few sellers. It has been alternately labeled as either a cnidarian or ctenophoran. However, I've looked through a few dozen papers about cnidarians/ctenaphorans from Chengjiang and have found no similar specimens. Has anyone seen these before?
  2. This is a new one for me. A neat little button-like horn coral: Dipterophyllum glans from the Middle Mississippian Burlington Fm. of Iowa. Didn't know which forum to share this, so I thought I'd drop it off here for posterity (scale in mm)
  3. Possible Amplexus?

    Found in Southeast Indiana on the Whitewater River. I find a bunch of Grewingkia but this coral looks different, has a deeper chalice and wider at the top compared to the length. Thanks guys!
  4. Ordovician Coral id?

    On this dreary first day of the New Year, I was poking around in some of the fossils I picked up on the Whitewater River in Franklin County Indiana and trying to id them. The fossil on the right hand side is shaped like a Horn Coral which I find alot but it shares the same crenelated surface as the fossil in the middle which isn't shaped like a Horn Coral. Could the middle fossil be Cystiphylloides? The piece on the left I have no clue, it's really porous and may be just a rock, but I see a small mold of a shell in it? Appreciate you help and want to wish everyone a Happy New Year!!
  5. Dear The Fossil Forum members, I have those Cnidaria (and a few other unidentified Cnidaria genera) from Camadas de Alcobaça Formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. I would be interested in Neogene Bivalvia or Gastropoda. If interested drop me a line please. Kind regards, Ricardo
  6. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since June 6, 2018. Phylum Cnidaria (Coelenterata) Class Anthozoa - Corals and Sea Anemones Cambrian Anthozoans Ausich, W.I. and L.E. Babcock (1998). The Phylogenetic Position of Echmatocrinus brachiatus, A Probable Octocoral from the Burgess Shale. Palaeontology, Vol.41, Part 2. Han, J., et al. (2010). Tiny Sea Anemone from the Lower Cambrian of China. PLoS ONE, 5(10). (Read on-line or download from site) Hou, X.-G., et al. (2005). Cambrian anemones with preserved soft tissue from the Chengjiang biota, China. Lethaia, Vol.38. Paczesna, J. (2010). Ichnological record of the activity of Anthozoa in the early Cambrian succession of the Upper Silesian Block (southern Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.60, Number 1. Sorauf, J.E. and M. Savarese (1995). A Lower Cambrian Coral from South Australia. Palaeontology, Vol.38, Part 4. Ordovician Anthozoans Baars, C. (2012). Rugose corals from the Upper Ordovician Sholeshook Limestone of southwest Wales with an assessment of the coral affinities and biofacies. Geological Journal, 48(6.). Baars, C., M.G. Pour and R.C. Atwood (2013). The earliest rugose coral. Geol.Mag., 150(2). Balinski, A. and Y. Sun (2017). Early Ordovician black corals from China. Bulletin of Geosciences, 92(1). Dixon, O.A., T.E. Bolton, and P. Copper (1986). Ellisites, An Upper Ordovician Heliolitid Coral Intermediate Between Coccoserids and Proporids. Palaeontology, Vol.29, Part 2. Doweld, A.B. (2015). Leishusia, a new replacement name for Granulina Leleshus, 1975 (Anthozoa: Heliolitoidea) nec Jousseaume, 1888 (Gastropoda: Neogastropoda: Marginellidae). Zootaxa, 3986(5). Duncan, H. (1956). Ordovician and Silurian Coral Faunas of Western United States. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin 1021-F. Elias, R.J. (1983). Middle and Late Ordovician Solitary Rugose Corals of the Cincinnati Arch Region. United States Geological Survey, Professional Paper 1066-N. Erina, M.V. and A.I. Kim (1980). On Some Ordovician Scleratinia-Like Corals from the South Tien-Shan. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 25(3-4). Hill, D. (1959). Some Ordovician Corals from New Mexico, Arizona and Texas. New Mexico Institute of Mines and Mineral Resources, Bulletin 64. Hill, D. (1955). Ordovician Corals from Ida Bay, Queenstown and Zeehan, Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, Vol.89. Johnson, M.E. and B.G. Baarli (1987). Encrusting corals on a latest Ordovician to earliest Silurian rocky shore, southwest Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada. Geology, Vol.15. Liang, K., et al. (2016). Morphometrics and paleoecology of Catenipora (Tabulata) from the Xiazhen Formation (Upper Ordovician), Zhuzhai, South China. Journal of Paleontology. Neuman, B. (1975). New Lower Palaeozoic Streptelasmatid Corals from Scandanavia. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, Vol.55. Scrutton, C.T. and E.N.K. Clarkson (1991). A New Scleractinian-Like Coral from the Ordovician of the Southern Uplands, Scotland. Palaeontology, Vol.34, Part 1. Stumm, E.C. (1963). Ordovician Streptelasmid Rugose Corals from Michigan. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XVIII, Number 2. Tapanila, L. (2002). A new endosymbiont in Late Ordovician tabulate corals from Anticosti Island, eastern Canada. Ichnos, 9:xx-xx. Wang, G., et al. (2014). Latest Ordovician and earliest Silurian tabulate corals of South China. GFF-Uppsala, 136(1). Webby, B.D. and V. Semeniuk (1970). The Ordovician Coral Genus Tetradium Dana from New South Wales. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, Vol.95, Part 3. Silurian Anthozoans Silurian Anthozoans - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Kato, M. (1982). 751. Mazaphyllum (Rugosa) from the Silurian of Japan. Trans.Proc.Palaeont.Soc. Japan, N.S., Number 127. Kato, M., et al. (1980). Silurian and Devonian Corals of Japan. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 25(3-4). Kawamura, M. (1980). Silurian Halysitids from the Shimoarisu District, Iwate Prefecture, Northeast Japan. Jour.Fac.Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. IV, Vol.19, Number 3. Kido, E. and T. Sugiyama (2011). Silurian rugose corals from the Kurosegawa Terrane, Southwest Japan, and ther paleobiogeographic implications. Bulletin of Geosciences, 86(1). Nakai, H. (1981). 733. Silurian Corals from the Yokokurayama Formation in the Mt. Yokokura Region, Kochi Prefecture, Southwest Japan - Part I. Halysitidae. Trans.Proc.Palaeont.Soc. Japan, N.S., Number 123. Niko, S. (2016). Axuolites higoensis, a new species of tabulate coral from the Silurian Fukami Formation, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. Bull.Natl.Mus.Nat.Sci., Ser.C, 42. Niko, S. and T. Adachi (2013). Silurian Halystids (Coelenterata: Tabulata) from the Gionyama Formation, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. Bull.Natl.Mus.Nat.Hist., Ser.C, 39. Sakagami, S. and N. Nakornsri (1987). On Some Silurian Corals from Northeast Thailand. Proc. Japan Acad., Series B, Vol.63, Number 7. Wang, G., et al. (2014). Latest Ordovician and earliest Silurian tabulate corals of South China. GFF-Uppsala, 136(1). Silurian Anthozoans - Australia/New Zealand Hill, D. (1940). 2. The Silurian Rugosa of the Yass-Bowning District, N.S.W. University of Queensland Papers - Department of Geology, Vol.2, Numbers 2 and 3. McLean, R.A. (1974). Chonophyllinid Corals from the Silurian of New South Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.17, Part 3. Munson, T.J. and J.S. Jell (2016). Wenlock and Ludlow (Silurian) rugose corals from the type section of the Jack Formation, Broken River Province, northeast Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 59. Silurian Anthozoans - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Adomat, F. A. Munnecke and E. Kido (2016). Mass occurrence of the large solitary rugose coral Phaulactis angusta at the boundary Lower/Upper Visby Formation in the Silurian of Gotland, Sweden: palaeoecology and depositional implications. GFF, Vol.00. Donovan, S.K. (2012). Palaeoecology of a solitary coral, Farley, Wenlock Edge, Shropshire (Silurian). Proceedings of the Shropshire Geological Society, 17. Ezaki, Y. and Y. Yasuhara (2004). Regular and Flexible Modes of Division and Hystero-Ontogenetic Growth in the Silurian Rugose Coral Stauria favosa. Palaeontology, Vol.47, Part 5. Hill, D. (1967). The Sequence and Distribution of Ludlovian, Lower Devonian, and Couvinian Coral Faunas in The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Palaeontology, Vol.10, Part 4. Kato, M. (1966). A New Silurian Rugose Coral from Britain. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, 13(3). Kato, M. and Y. Ezaki (1986). Rugose Corals from the Upper Silurian of Scania, Sweden. Jour.Fac.Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser.IV, Vol.21, Number 4. Kriz, J., J. Fryda, and A. Galle (2001). The epiplanktic anthozoan, Kolihaia eremita Prantl, 1946 (Cnidaria), from the Silurian of the Prague Basin (Bohemia). Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 46-3/4. Mõtus, M.-A. (2005). Silurian (Llandovery-Wenlock) Tabulate Corals of Baltoscandia: Taxonomy, Palaeoecology, Distribution. Ph.D. Dissertation - University of Tartu. Mõtus, M.-A. (2001). Environment related morphological variation in Early Silurian tabulate corals from the Baltic area. Bull. Tohoku Univ. Museum, Number 1. Mõtus, M.-A. and V. Grytsenko (2007). Morphological variation of the tabulate coral Paleofavosites cf. collatatus Klaamann, 1961 from the Silurian of the Bagovichka River localities, Podolia (Ukraine). Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 56(3). Stasinska, A. (1974). Silurian Tabulata from North-East Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, Vol.XIX, Number 4. Stel, J.H. (1978). Environment and quantitative morphology of some Silurian tabulates from Gotland. Scripta Geol., 47. Weyer, D. (2007). Revision of the supposed Triassic, in fact Silurian genus Triadophyllum Weissermel, 1925 (Anthozoa, Rugosa). Fossil Record, 10(2). White, D.E. (1966). The Silurian Rugose Coral Microplasma lovenianum Dybowski from Monmouthshire. Palaeontology, Vol.9, Part 1. Silurian Anthozoans - North America Copper, P. and J. Jin (2012). Early Silurian (Aeronian) East Point Coral Patch Reefs of Anticosti Island, Eastern Canada: First Reef Recovery from the Ordovician/Silurian Mass Extinction in Eastern Laurasia. Geosciences, 2. Cumings, E.R. and R.R. Schrock (1926). The Silurian Coral Reefs of Northern Indiana and Their Associated Strata. Proc.Ind.Acad.Sci., Vol.36. Davis, W.J. (1885). Kentucky Fossil Corals. A Monograph of the Fossil Corals of the Silurian and Devonian Rocks of Kentucky. Part II. Kentucky Geological Survey. Duncan, H. (1956). Ordovician and Silurian Coral Faunas of Western United States. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1021-F. Johnson, M.E. and B.G. Baarli (1987). Encrusting corals on a latest Ordovician to earliest Silurian rocky shore, southwest Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada. Geology, Vol.15. Kesling, R.V., et al. (1973). A New Species of Fletcheria from the Middle Silurian Fiborn Limestone of Michigan. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.24, Number 9. Merriam, C.W. (1973). Silurian Rugose Corals of the Central and Southwest Great Basin. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 777. Merriam, C.W. (1972). Silurian Rugose Corals of the Klamath Mountains Region, California. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 738. Stumm, E.C. (1968). A Redescription of the Middle Silurian Compound Rugose Coral Grabauphyllum johnstoni Foerste. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.22, Number 6. Stumm, E.C. and W.A. Oliver (1962). Silurian Corals from Maine and Quebec. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 430. Contains: Silurian Corals from the Moose River Synclinorium, Maine. Silurian Rugose Corals from the Lake Temiscouata area, Quebec. A New Kodonophyllum and Associated Rugose Corals from the Lata Matapedia Area, Quebec. Sutherland, P.K. (1965). Rugose Corals of the Henryhouse Formation (Silurian) in Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey, Bulletin 109. Wright, A.J. (2013). First occurrence and biogeographical significance of the operculate tetracoral Goniophyllum from the Wenlock (Silurian) of Baillie-Hamilton Island, Canadian Arctic. Memoirs of the Association of Austalasian Palaeontologists, 44. Silurian Anthozoans - South America/Central America/Caribbean Carrera, M.G., et al. (2013). Silurian-Devonian coral associations across a sequence stratigraphic boundary in the Argentine Precordillera. Geological Journal, 48. General Silurian Anthozoans Powell, J.H. and C.T. Scrutton (1978). Variation in the Silurian Tabulate Coral Paleofavosites asper, and the Status of Mesofavosites. Palaeontology, Vol.21, Part 2. Scrutton, C.T. (1989). Amural Arachnophyllid Corals from the Silurian of the North Atlantic Area. Palaeontology, Vol.32, Part 1. Weyer, D. (2007). Revision of the supposed Triassic, in fact Silurian genus Triadophyllum Weissermel, 1925 (Anthozoa, Rugosa). Fossil Record, 10(2). Devonian Anthozoans Devonian Anthozoans - Africa/Middle East Belka, Z. and B. Berkowski (2005). Discovery of thermophilic corals in an ancient hydrothermal vent community, Devonian, Morocco. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.55, Number 1. Berkowski, B. and D. Weyer (2012). Hamaraxonia, a new pseudocolumellate genus of Middle Devonian deep-water Rugosa (Anthozoa) from Morocco. Geologica Belgica, 15/4. Berkowski, B. and C. Klug (2011). Lucky rugose corals on crinoid stems: unusual examples of subepidermal epizoans from the Devonian of Morocco. Lethaia. (Thanks to piranha for finding this one!) Denayer, J. (2016). Rugose corals across the Devonian - Carboniferous boundary in NW Turkey. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 61(1). May, A. (2008). Corals (Anthozoa, Tabulata and Rugosa) and chaetetids (Porifera) from the Devonian of the Semara area (Morocco) at the Museo Geominero (Madrid, Spain), and their biogeographic significance. Bulletin de l'Institut Scientifique, Rabat, Number 30. Devonian Anthozoans - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Minato, M. and N. Minoura (1977). A New Tabulate Coral from the Lower Devonian of Japan. Jour.Fac.Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser.IV, Vol.17, Number 4. Devonian Anthozoans - Australia/New Zealand Dargan, G.M. (2000). Regressional episodes and diversity patterns of Australian Devonian tabulate corals. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement Number 58. Jell, J.S. and D. Hill (1970). The Devonian Coral Fauna of the Point Hibbs Limestone, Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, Vol.104. Pedder, A.E.H. (1971). Lower Devonian Corals and Bryozoa from the Lick Hole Formation of New South Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.14, Part 3. Stratford, J. and J. Aitchison (1996). Devonian corals from the upper Barnard River: New age constraints for the Anaiwan terrane, southern New England Orogen, eastern Australia. N.Jb.Geol.Palaont.Abh., 201(3). Strusz, D.L. (1967). Chlamydophyllum, Iowaphyllum and Sinospongophyllum (Rugosa) from the Devonian of New South Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.10, Part 3. Wright, A.J. (1991). Scruttonia (Rugosa, Cnidaria) from the Devonian of Western Australia. Rec.West.Aust.Mus., 15(1). Wright, A.J. (1981). A New Phillipsastraeinid Tetracoral from the Devonian of New South Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.24, Part 3. Devonian Anthozoans - (including Greenland and Siberia) Berkowski, B. (2002). Famennian Rugosa and Heterocorallia from Southern Poland. Palaeontologia Polonica, 61. Coen-Aubert, M. (2013). Phillipsastreids and Ptenophyllids (Rugosa) from the Givetian of Mauritania and Northwestern Spain. Geologica Belgica, 16/3. Denayer, J., et al. (2012). Lower and Middle Famennian (Upper Devonian) rugose corals from southern Belgium and northern France. Geologica Belgica, 15/4. Fernandez-Martinez, E., et al. (2010). Earliest Pragian (Early Devonian) corals and stromatoporids from reefal settings in the Cantabrian Zone (N Spain). Geologica Acta, Vol.8, Number 3. Galle, A. (2007). Spinophyllum Wedekind, 1922 (Anthozoa, Rugosa), in the Lower Givetian (Devonian) of the Bohemian Massif. Bulletin of Geosciences, 82(2). Galle, A. and F. Ficner (2004). Middle Devonian Calceola sandalina (Linnaeus, 1771) (Anthozoa, Rugosa) from Moravia (Czech Republic): aspects of functional morphology, gerontic growth patterns and epibionts. Geodiversitas, 26(1). Hill, D. (1967). The Sequence and Distribution of Ludlovian, Lower Devonian, and Couvinian Coral Faunas in The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Palaeontology, Vol.10, Part 4. Holwill, F.J.W. (1968). Tabulate Corals from the Ilfracombe Beds (Middle-Upper Devonian) of North Devon. Palaeontology, Vol.11, Part 1. Kulicka, R. and A. Nowinski (1983). The Devonian Tabulata of the Southern Part of the Swietokrzyskie (Holy Cross) Mts., Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 28(3-4). May, A. (2006). Micheliniidae and Cleistoporidae (Anthozoa, Tabulata) from the Devonian of Spain. Bulletin of Geosciences, 81(3). May, A. (2006). Radiastraea (Anthozoa, Rugosa) from the Emsian and Eifelian (Devonian) of Aviados, northern Spain. Bulletin of Geosciences, Vol.81, 3. May, A. (2005). A new Parastriatopora species (Anthozoa, Tabulata) from the Lower Devonian of Colle (Spain, Cantabrian Mountains). Bulletin of Geosciences, Vol.80, Number 4. May, A. and S. Rodriguez (2012). Pragian (Lower Devonian) stromatoporids and rugose corals from Zujar (Sierra Morena, southern Spain). Geologica Belgica, 15/4. Nowinski, A. (1992). Tabulate corals from the Givetian and Frasnian of the Holy Cross Mountains and Silesian Upland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 37(2-4). Nowinski, A. and A. Prejbisz (1986). Devonian Tabulate Corals from Western Pomerania, Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 31(3-4). Plusquellec, V., et al. (2006). Tabulate Corals and Stratigraphy of Lower Devonian and Mississippian Rocks Near Barcelona (Catalonian Coastal Ranges, Northeast Spain). Revista Espanola de Paleontologia, 22(2). Rozkowska, M. (1980). On Upper Devonian Habitats of Rugose Corals. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, Vol.25, Numbers 3-4. Schroder, S. and F. Soto (2003). Lower Devonian (Emsian) rugose corals from the Cantabrian Mountains, northern Spain. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 48(4). Sorauf, J.E. (1969). Lower Devonian Hexagonaria (Rugosa) from the Armorican Massif of Western France. Palaeontology, Vol.12, Part 2. Sorauf, J.E. (1967). Massive Devonian Rugosa of Belgium. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 16. Webby, B.D. (1964). Devonian Corals and Brachiopods from the Brendon Hills, West Somerset. Palaeontology, Vol.7, Part 1. Wright, A.J., et al. (2010). New data on occurrences of the Devonian rugose coral Calceola in Belgium. Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, 39. Wrzolek, T. (1993). Rugose corals from the Devonian Kowala Formation of the Holy Cross Mountains. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 37(2-4). Devonian Anthozoans - North America Brett, C.E. and J.F. Cottrell (1982). Substrate specificity in the Devonian tabulate coral Pleurodictyum. Lethaia, Vol.15. Ehlers, G.M. (1949). 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Scleractinian Corals from the Middle Miocene Salt Deposits in Carpathian Foredeep, Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 32(1-2). Stolarski, J. (1992). Transverse division in a Miocene scleractinian coral. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 36(4). Tsaparas, N. and A. Marcopoulou-Diacantoni (2005). Tortonian Scleractinian Corals from the island of Gavdos (South Greece). Revue de Paleobiologie, Geneve, 24(2). Pliocene Anthozoans Russo, A. (1980). The Psychrospheric Coral Fauna from the Lower Pliocene of Northern Italy. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 25(3-4). Pleistocene Anthozoans Crame, J.A. (1980). Succession and Diversity in the Pleistocene Coral Reefs of the Kenya Coast. Palaeontology, Vol.23, Part 1. General Anthozoans Churkin, M., et al. (1975). Paleozoic Corals of Alaska. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 823-A,B,C,D. Contains: Geologic and Paleogeographic Setting of Paleozoic Corals in Alaska. Ordovician, Silurian and Devonian Corals of Alaska. Carboniferous Corals of Alaska - A Preliminary Report. Stratigraphic Distribution of Permian Corals in Alaska. Crabbe, M.J.C., M.E.J. Wilson, and D.J. Smith (2006). Quaternary corals from reefs in the Wakatobi Marine National Park, SE Sulawesi, Indonesia, show similar growth rates to modern corals from the same area. Journal of Quaternary Science, 21(8). Davis, W.J. (1887). Kentucky Fossil Corals. A Monograph of the Fossil Corals of the Silurian and Devonian Rocks of Kentucky. Kentucky Geological Society. Front Plates 1 - 10 Plates 11 - 20 Plates 21 - 30 Plates 31 - 40 Plates 41 - 50 Plates 51 - 60 Plates 61 - 70 Plates 71 - 80 Plates 81 - 90 Plates 91 - 100 Plates 101 - 110 Plates 111 - 120 Plates 121 - 130 Plates 131 - 139 Duncan, P.M. (1866). A Monograph of the British Fossil Corals, Second Series. The Palaeontographical Society, London. Federowski, J. (2009). On Pentamplexus Schindewolf, 1940 (Anthozoa, Rugosa) and its Possible Relatives and Analogues. Palaeontology, Vol.52, Part 2. Federowski, J. (1978). Some Aspects of Coloniality in Rugose Corals. Palaeontology, Vol.21, Part 1. Fedorowski, J. (1974). The Upper Palaeozoic Tetracoral Genera Lophophyllidium and Timorphyllum. Palaeontology, Vol.17, Part 3. Federowski, J. and W.J. Sando (1989). Morphogenesis and Relationships of Trochophyllum Milne-Edwards and Haime, 1850 (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 34(1). Gagan, M.K., et al. (2000). New views of tropical paleoclimates from corals. Quaternary Science Reviews, 19. Hall, J. (1876). Illustrations of Devonian Fossils: Corals of the Helderberg and Hamilton Groups. Geological Survey of the State of New York, Weed, Parsons and Company. Holwill, F.J.W. (1964). The Coral Genus Metriophyllum Edwards and Haime. Palaeontology, Vol.7, Part 1. Jull, R.K. (1965). Corallum Increase in Lithostrotion. Palaeontology, Vol.8, Part 2. López-Pérez, R.A. (2005). The Cenozoic hermatypic corals in the eastern Pacific: History of research. Earth-Science Reviews, 72. Lund, E.H. (1960). Chalcedony and Quartz Crystals in Silicified Coral. The American Mineralogist, Vol.45. Milne-Edwards, H. and J. Haime (1850). A Monograph of the British Fossil Corals. The Palaeontographical Society, London. (732 pages, 41.8MB download) Nicholson, H.A. (1879). On the Structure and Affinities of the "Tabulate Corals" of the Palaeozoic Period, With Critical Descriptions of Illustrative Species. William Blackwood and Sons. (428 pages, 38.6MB download) Pandolfini, J.M. (1989). Phylogenetic Analysis of the Early Tabulate Corals. Palaeontology, Vol.32, Part 4. Pickett, J.W. and J.S. Jell (1974). The Australian Tabulate Coral Genus Hattonia. Palaeontology, Vol.17, Part 3. Reuter, M., T.C. Brachert and K.F. Kroeger (2005). Diagenesis of growth bands in fossil scleractinian corals: identification and modes of preservation. Facies, 51. Scrutton, C.T. (1987). A Review of Favositid Affinities. Palaeontology, Vol.30, Part 3. Scrutton, C.T. (1967). Marisastridae (Rugosa) from South-East Devonshire, England. Palaeontology, Vol.10, Part 2. Stanley, G.D. (2003). The evolution of modern corals and their early history. Earth-Science Reviews, 60. Strutz, D.L. (1961). Lower Palaeozoic Corals from New South Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.4, Part 3. Stumm, E.C. (1969). Revision of R.P. Whitfield's Types of Rugose and Tabulate Corals in the Museum of Paleontology, University of California, and in the United States National Museum. Bulletins of American Paleontology, Vol.56, Number 250. Sutton, I.D. (1964). The Tabulate Coral Genus Cystihalysites from Wenlock and Dudley. Palaeontology, Vol.7, Part 3. Vaughan, T.W. (1919). Fossil Corals from Central America, Cuba and Porto Rico, With an Account of the American Tertiary, Pleistocene, and Recent Coral Reefs. United States National Museum, Bulletin 103. (461 pages) Wells, J.W. (1982). Fossil Corals from Midway Atoll. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 680-G.
  7. H.A.Nicholson on tabulata

    As is (almost) customary in the 19th century,some bryzoans are thrown in with the corals Pleurodictyum
  8. Unsure about this one

    Any ideas on this one? Part of it looks like coral.. Sarasota, FL
  9. Pfalzpaint is famous for its jellyfish or Scyphozoa.
  10. useful site,perhaps

    http://kse.wnoz.us.edu.pl/iascp.htm
  11. Cryptocoenia choffati

    From the album Cnidaria

    Cryptocoenia choffati (Koby), Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 40 mm.
  12. Cnidaria

    From the album Cnidaria

    Cnidaria, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 30 mm.
  13. Dendrophyllia sp (?)

    From the album Cnidaria

    Dendrophyllia sp, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 80 mm.
  14. Cnidaria

    From the album Cnidaria

    Cnidaria, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 40 mm.
  15. Calamosmilia sp

    From the album Cnidaria

    Calamosmilia sp, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 60 mm.
  16. Calamosmilia sp

    From the album Cnidaria

    Calamosmilia sp, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 50 mm
  17. Cnidaria

    From the album Cnidaria

    Cnidaria, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 50 mm
  18. Thecosmilia sp

    From the album Cnidaria

    Thecosmilia sp, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 60 mm.
  19. Pleurosmilia sp

    From the album Cnidaria

    Pleurosmilia sp, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 55 mm.
  20. Pleurosmilia sp

    From the album Cnidaria

    Pleurosmilia sp, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 55 mm.
  21. Dimorphastrea sp

    From the album Cnidaria

    Dimorphastrea sp, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 50 mm.
  22. Dimorphastrea sp

    From the album Cnidaria

    Dimorphastrea sp, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 70 mm.
  23. Cryptocoenia choffati

    From the album Cnidaria

    Cryptocoenia choffati, Camadas de Alcobaça formation, Kimmeridgian, Portugal. 70 mm.
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