Jump to content

Search the Community

Showing results for tags 'composite'.

More search options

  • Search By Tags

    Type tags separated by commas.
    Tags should be keywords or key phrases. e.g. carcharodon, pliocene, cypresshead formation, florida.
  • Search By Author

Content Type


  • Fossil Discussion
    • General Fossil Discussion
    • Fossil Hunting Trips
    • Fossil ID
    • Is It Real? How to Recognize Fossil Fabrications
    • Partners in Paleontology - Member Contributions to Science
    • Questions & Answers
    • Fossil of the Month
    • Member Collections
    • A Trip to the Museum
    • Paleo Re-creations
    • Collecting Gear
    • Fossil Preparation
    • Member Fossil Trades Bulletin Board
    • Member-to-Member Fossil Sales
    • Fossil News
  • Gallery
  • Fossil Sites
    • Africa
    • Asia
    • Australia - New Zealand
    • Canada
    • Europe
    • Middle East
    • South America
    • United States
  • Fossil Media
    • Members Websites
    • Fossils On The Web
    • Fossil Photography
    • Fossil Literature
    • Documents


  • Anson's Blog
  • Mudding Around
  • Nicholas' Blog
  • dinosaur50's Blog
  • Traviscounty's Blog
  • Seldom's Blog
  • tracer's tidbits
  • Sacredsin's Blog
  • fossilfacetheprospector's Blog
  • jax world
  • echinoman's Blog
  • Ammonoidea
  • Traviscounty's Blog
  • brsr0131's Blog
  • brsr0131's Blog
  • Adventures with a Paddle
  • Caveat emptor
  • -------
  • Fig Rocks' Blog
  • placoderms
  • mosasaurs
  • ozzyrules244's Blog
  • Sir Knightia's Blog
  • Terry Dactyll's Blog
  • shakinchevy2008's Blog
  • MaHa's Blog
  • Stratio's Blog
  • Phoenixflood's Blog
  • Brett Breakin' Rocks' Blog
  • Seattleguy's Blog
  • jkfoam's Blog
  • Erwan's Blog
  • Erwan's Blog
  • Lindsey's Blog
  • marksfossils' Blog
  • ibanda89's Blog
  • Liberty's Blog
  • Liberty's Blog
  • Back of Beyond
  • St. Johns River Shark Teeth/Florida
  • Ameenah's Blog
  • gordon's Blog
  • West4me's Blog
  • West4me's Blog
  • Pennsylvania Perspectives
  • michigantim's Blog
  • michigantim's Blog
  • lauraharp's Blog
  • lauraharp's Blog
  • micropterus101's Blog
  • micropterus101's Blog
  • GPeach129's Blog
  • nicciann's Blog
  • Olenellus' Blog
  • nicciann's Blog
  • maybe a nest fossil?
  • Deep-Thinker's Blog
  • Deep-Thinker's Blog
  • bear-dog's Blog
  • javidal's Blog
  • Digging America
  • John Sun's Blog
  • John Sun's Blog
  • Ravsiden's Blog
  • Jurassic park
  • The Hunt for Fossils
  • The Fury's Grand Blog
  • julie's ??
  • Hunt'n 'odonts!
  • falcondob's Blog
  • Monkeyfuss' Blog
  • cyndy's Blog
  • pattyf's Blog
  • pattyf's Blog
  • chrisf's Blog
  • chrisf's Blog
  • nola's Blog
  • mercyrcfans88's Blog
  • Emily's PRI Adventure
  • trilobite guy's Blog
  • xenacanthus' Blog
  • barnes' Blog
  • myfossiltrips.blogspot.com
  • HeritageFossils' Blog
  • Fossilefinder's Blog
  • Fossilefinder's Blog
  • Emily's MotE Adventure
  • farfarawy's Blog
  • Microfossil Mania!
  • A Novice Geologist
  • Southern Comfort
  • Eli's Blog
  • andreas' Blog
  • Recent Collecting Trips
  • retired blog
  • Stocksdale's Blog
  • andreas' Blog test
  • fossilman7's Blog
  • Books I have enjoyed
  • Piranha Blog
  • xonenine's blog
  • xonenine's Blog
  • Fossil collecting and SAFETY
  • Detrius
  • pangeaman's Blog
  • pangeaman's Blog
  • pangeaman's Blog
  • Jocky's Blog
  • Jocky's Blog
  • Kehbe's Kwips
  • RomanK's Blog
  • Prehistoric Planet Trilogy
  • mikeymig's Blog
  • Western NY Explorer's Blog
  • Regg Cato's Blog
  • VisionXray23's Blog
  • Carcharodontosaurus' Blog
  • What is the largest dragonfly fossil? What are the top contenders?
  • Hihimanu Hale
  • Test Blog
  • jsnrice's blog
  • Lise MacFadden's Poetry Blog
  • BluffCountryFossils Adventure Blog
  • meadow's Blog
  • Makeing The Unlikley Happen
  • KansasFossilHunter's Blog
  • DarrenElliot's Blog
  • jesus' Blog
  • A Mesozoic Mosaic
  • Dinosaur comic
  • Zookeeperfossils
  • Cameronballislife31's Blog
  • My Blog
  • TomKoss' Blog
  • A guide to calcanea and astragali
  • Group Blog Test
  • Paleo Rantings of a Blockhead
  • Dead Dino is Art
  • The Amber Blog
  • TyrannosaurusRex's Facts
  • PaleoWilliam's Blog
  • The Paleo-Tourist
  • The Community Post
  • Lyndon D Agate Johnson's Blog
  • BRobinson7's Blog
  • Eastern NC Trip Reports
  • Toofuntahh's Blog
  • Pterodactyl's Blog
  • A Beginner's Foray into Fossiling
  • Micropaleontology blog
  • Pondering on Dinosaurs
  • Fossil Preparation Blog
  • On Dinosaurs and Media
  • cheney416's fossil story
  • jpc
  • Red-Headed Red-Neck Rock-Hound w/ My Trusty HellHound Cerberus
  • Red Headed
  • Paleo-Profiles
  • Walt's Blog
  • Between A Rock And A Hard Place
  • Rudist digging at "Point 25", St. Bartholomä, Styria, Austria (Campanian, Gosau-group)
  • Prognathodon saturator 101


  • Calendar


  • Annelids
  • Arthropods
    • Crustaceans
    • Insects
    • Trilobites
    • Other Arthropods
  • Brachiopods
  • Cnidarians (Corals, Jellyfish, Conulariids )
    • Corals
    • Jellyfish, Conulariids, etc.
  • Echinoderms
    • Crinoids & Blastoids
    • Echinoids
    • Other Echinoderms
    • Starfish and Brittlestars
  • Forams
  • Graptolites
  • Molluscs
    • Bivalves
    • Cephalopods (Ammonites, Belemnites, Nautiloids)
    • Gastropods
    • Other Molluscs
  • Sponges
  • Bryozoans
  • Other Invertebrates
  • Ichnofossils
  • Plants
  • Chordata
    • Amphibians & Reptiles
    • Birds
    • Dinosaurs
    • Fishes
    • Mammals
    • Sharks & Rays
    • Other Chordates
  • *Pseudofossils ( Inorganic objects , markings, or impressions that resemble fossils.)

Found 19 results

  1. Hi! I’m new in the forum. I'm an Italian naturalist, sorry for my english. I wanted to ask for an opinion about this spinosaurus tooth .. I don't think it's a single tooth, in your opinion how much is it composed and restored? thanks!
  2. This fossil caught my eye the first time I saw it, and I keep going back to it, but I haven't gotten it for two reasons: first, it's a little out of my range, and secondly I want to be sure about it before doing anything foolish. It's advertised as a Vinctifer Comptoni, and I have no doubts about the identification, but in researching these fish I saw mention of many fakes and/or composites. However, I've tried to see any composite work or "fakery" on this particular fossil and I don't see any. The problem is my complete inexperience, so I thought I'd bring it to the experts here. I'll attach photos of the fossil and the back side of it. I think what has caught my eye most is the sort of dark brown "mud", as in the eye socket and various places on this, but I don't know if that's anything more than something to stabilize areas of the fossil. I really appreciate you taking a look - of course I want this to be genuine and unworked, but I am completely open to whatever verdict you may have.
  3. An acquaintance of mine bought this at the Tucson gem and mineral show two years ago. He is now interested in selling and I am interested in buying. The price seems fair but of course the big question....is it real? I may add is it all real, is it a composite of different pieces, or is it a fabrication/replica? The whole piece is close to 15 inches at the tallest point, and close to 13 inches at the widest point. Thank you for your help.
  4. Morocco crocodile????

    This is a “pterosaurs” jaw I got as a gift a little bit ago. It was sold as a pterosaurs jaw with composite teeth the species is Siroccopteryx But Am almost 100% sure that it is wrongly identified it looks like a crocodile jaw maybe. So if someone can help me identify the jaw that would be amazing. It was found in the kem kem beds and is 2.3 inches long
  5. Morocco crocodile????

    This is a “pterosaurs” jaw I got as a gift a little bit ago. It was sold as a pterosaurs jaw with composite teeth the species is Siroccopteryx But Am almost 100% sure that it is wrongly identified it looks like a crocodile jaw maybe. So if someone can help me identify the jaw that would be amazing.
  6. Hello all. I am looking into getting a nice decorative crinoid fossil without breaking my budget. I was considering getting one of the Moroccan ones that are commonly painted for contrast, then washing the paint off. I know these aren't very often completely faked, but are often composited. I have a couple that I am looking at and just wanted to check if they are genuine, and how much (if any) is composite. I would also like to know if you all think they will turn out nice once the paint is removed. I included pictures of two, labeled fossil A and fossil B. Sorry for the blurry photos, it's all the seller provided. Let me know what you think. Thank you!!
  7. I am certainly not getting my hopes up for this fossil, because from experience of seeing theropod teeth placed in croc jaws and people labeling it as a 'rare Spinosaurus or Carcharodontosaurus jaw" on the market, the likelihood of finding an original jaw with associated teeth not from different animals is extremely rare (at least in the case of theropods and pterosaurs). However the seller has this as a Pterosaur jaw piece with one associated Pterosaur tooth and wanted to see whether you all think this is a composite or not. From what i know, there have only been two toothed Pterosaur jaw sections found from the Kem Kem Beds (the holotype for Siroccopteryx and the holotype for Coloborhynchus Fluviferox). The fossils is 5 inches by 3 inches. Thanks.
  8. I saw this item for sale which is of interest. Dercetis sp from Lebanon - Cretaceous. Contacted the seller who informed me that the crack is a repair, not a composite. Thoughts?
  9. Composite tail

    I bought this cool composite amphibian/dinosaur tail from a forum member. He does not remember the species or location for these vertebrae. I am thinking they might be Apachesaurus sp. as I have seen similar composite tails for sale. Any idea how I can identify the species?
  10. I'm interested in this skull, I have always wanted a Halisaurus specimen! Region -Morocco, Khoribga Size- 16.93 Inches This skull looks good to me, but is obviously missing parts, such as the rear of the lower jaw, some teeth, areas around the Eyes2. I'd like to get people's opinions if possible? The seller is very honest, and trustworthy in my opinion, The skull does look like its gone a few rounds in a ring, however this is my holy grail and something I've wanted since being a kid! which is what its all about right? However, I don't want the 5 year old within me to make silly judgments as it is listed for just over a grand. Is the skull a composite? Worth restoring myself? Genuine but rough? Worth obsessing over? I know it's one of those things were people will say "well it all depends on how much it is worth to you" however I don't want my naivety to cause me getting ripped off. Thanks for the help!
  11. I purchased a unsightly Franken-Basilosaurus tooth a few weeks ago for pretty cheap. Seeing as though i don't have $400-700+ to spend on a nice basilosaurus tooth i saw potential and a fun project in this cheap ugly duckling. Yes, it's Moroccan. It came with the typical glue/sand mix covering it, filling all cracks, voids and roughing out transitions of deceptive franken composites. How it came: Ok, first things first. Clean it. I used acetone, a razor, a needle, a tooth brush and my engraver. Hours of delicate work later i finally see what i'm working with. After cleaning: Yeesh, this might be more work than i thought...... And someone composited a incisor or canine tooth tip on the top of my premolar!! Bwahahaha!! Ok, composites need to go. Bye, bye Next i noticed this was not lined up correctly when it was glued back together. So i grab my trusty dremel tool and proceed to carefully saw this baby in half. Then i removed most of the epoxy/sand glue from each side. Continued.........
  12. Fake or Fossil? Ichthyosaur to ‘iffyosaur’ Part #1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=okjpbpD_My0 Fake or Fossil? UV exposes plaster Part #2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rCss3BWohPI Dean R. Lomax - Life as a palaeontologis https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnuR8gNE-GXYyiA8eE-5p2w A published paper about composites is: Massare, J.A. and Lomax, D.R., 2016. Composite skeletons of Ichthyosaurus in historic collections. Paludicola, 10, pp. 207-250. PDF file at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303932537_Composite_skeletons_of_Ichthyosaurus_in_historic_collections https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Judy_Massare http://www.academia.edu/26087070/Composite_skeletons_of_Ichthyosaurus_in_historic_collections http://brockport.academia.edu/JudyMassare “…we describe nearly complete skeletons of the Lower Jurassic genus Ichthyosaurus that are probably composites or that, at least, require further examination to assess their authenticity.” Yours, Paul H.
  13. Good morning. I live in Oregon and I am looking for people that can “Professionally” do fossil preparation and restoration. I have specimens that are still in their field jackets. I have some specimens that just need some touch up. I have contacts in other states that are more than qualified that I have used in the past. But it always makes me nervous shipping specimens anywhere to be honest. I have had femurs that were packaged extremely well and still showed up snapped in half. Or on the smaller boxes for like teeth or claws end up missing. To say the least, it’s very frustrating and nerve racking! So what I’m looking for is someone local that will do top end work. And I would prefer someone that will have references or even people on here that can back their abilities up from personal experience. I 100% understand that when you want top quality, you’re going to pay a price for that and that’s ok. I also understand that quality takes time to achieve. So just to be clear, I’m not one of those guys that’s going to drop off the specimen on Monday, and then call you on Friday and ask if it’s done yet. It gets done when it gets done. Obviously If we get to the sixth month mark, I’ll probably reach out to you to make sure everything is fine. So now for keeping the admins happy. I think you need to PM me your information and not publicly post it because they don’t want to have people doing any business advertising If I understand them correctly. But please feel free to publicly post that you are sending your information my way and that way If anyone on here has used your services, they can speak up. I think that part is okay per the admin. I’m sure they will let us know shortly if I was wrong. Thank you everyone ahead of time. Sincerely, J
  14. I am definitely an amateur when it comes to collecting and need some advice: I recently purchased my first 'larger' Spinosaurus tooth from a small gem/fossil shop in Seattle. The owner told me that it had no repairs or restorations, and that it of course came from Morocco. I tested the tooth under a UV flashlight and there were no anomalies, but I just wanted some more experienced opinions. The enamel looks good- no apparent cracks or suspicious color variations, root still has some of the matrix on it, but the tip seems a little suspicious to me... maybe I'm just being paranoid, but I have read so much about fake fossils and just want to be sure! Let me know what you guys think- Thanks!
  15. This specimen caught my eye and I was wondering if the two trilobite were put together artificially? My second question is about the black color on these trilobites. I am not sure if they have shoe polish coating over them or the black color occurred naturally? I am still waiting for the seller to send me better close up pictures on the eye of Paralejurus, although it has nothing to do with the topic I will update the pictures when I get them. Of course any additional assessments on the fossil are greatly appreciated.
  16. Can anyone advise this piece of Russian ammonite Audoliceras is real or composite?
  17. Composite skeletone

    Hello all, I already posted this topic in Paleo Re-creations, but nobody answered there. I want to make a composite skeleton from an extinct animal, but I don't know witch species I take best. I already tought about Oreodont, cave bear, bison... Do you guys know an animal whose it is possible to collect all the bones (skull is not necassary, but I would love a real skull) Keichousaur is not a good example, because I want have the fun for searching, buying and making a composite. It think mammals are the only option, because reptiles are expensive and difficult to collect all the bones, maybe alligator is possible? What do you guys think about it? Greetings
  18. I came across this composite turtle skull and thought it was a nice example that I should share. This looks like a pretty classic example of how Moroccan reptile skulls are faked. There's a number of pieces of real bone that are embedded into what is possibly partially real matrix. the lower jaw looks like the two pieces might actually be real lower jaw pieces. But it's hard to tell if the pieces belong together. The main skull itself though is kinda of a monstrosity. Notice how between the plateaus of bone there are areas that lack any detail. These areas are completely fabricated. The pieces of bone also seem to stick out a little at weird angles. So it is likely that these are mostly just random pieces of bone made to look like a real skull. A scenario that is also very common is when partial real skulls get stuff added to them to make them look more complete. Those are some nice photos though.
  19. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since July 6, 2017. Fossil Fakes and Composites Aguirre, J. (2004). Plagiarism in Paleontology: A New Threat Within the Scientific Community. Revista Española de Micropaleontologia, 36(2). Balter, M. (2013). Authenticity of China's Fabulous Fossils Gets New Scrutiny. Science, Vol.340. Bednarik, R.G. (2013). African Eve: Hoax or Hypothesis? Advances in Anthropology, Vol.3, Number 4. Branch, G. and E.C. Scott (2013). Peking, Piltdown and Paluxy: creationist legends about paleoanthropology. Evolution: Education and Outreach, 6: 27. Corbacho, J. and C. Sendino. Fossil fakes and their recognition. Corbacho, J., C. Sendino., and M'H.Tahiri (2011). Palaeontological Fakes. Batalleria, 16. (Thanks to xonenine for finding this one!) Dawson, C. and A.S. Woodward (1913). On the Discovery of a Paleolithic Human Skull and Mandible in the Flint-Bearing Gravel Overlying the Wealden at Piltdown, Fletching.Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, Vol. 69. (NOTE: 'Piltdown Man' was later proven to be one of the greatest hoaxes ever perpetrated in science. This article is included for historical value only.) Eriksson, M.E. and G.O. Poinar (2015). Fake it till you make it - the uncanny art of forging amber. Geology Today, Vol.31, Number 1. Espinoza, E.O., et al. (1990). A Method for Differentiating Modern from Ancient Proboscidean Ivory in Worked Objects. Current Research in the Pleistocene, Vol.7. Kosmowska-Ceranowicz, B. (2003). Amber Imitations in the Warsaw amber collection. Acta zoologica cracoviensia, 46 (suppl.-Fossil Insects). Lerosey-Aubril, R.. A fake Inca trilobite from Chile. The trilobite papers, 16. Massare, J.A. and D.R. Lomax (2014). Recognizing Composite Specimens of Jurassic Ichthyosaurs in Historical Collections. The Geological Curator, 10(1). (Note: Article begins on page 9. Thanks to doushantuo for locating this one!) Mateus, O., M. Overbeeke, and F. Rita (2008). Dinosaur Frauds, Hoaxes and "Frankensteins": How to Distinguish Fake and Genuine Vertebrate Fossils. Journal of Paleontological Techniques, Number 2. Olson, S.L. (2000). Birds-Dino Flap - Countdown to Piltdown at National Geographic. The Rise and Fall of Archaeoraptor. Backbone, Vol.13, Number 2. Raducanu, I. (2006). Actual Exigencies Concerning the Quality of Amber Pieces Commercialized in Romania. Buletinul Universitatii Petrol - Gaze din Ploiesti, Vol. LVIII, Number 2. Rowe, T., et al. (2001). The Archaeoraptor forgery. Nature, Vol.410 (brief communications). Ruffell, A., N. Majury and W.E. Brooks (2012). Geological Fakes and Frauds. Earth-Science Reviews, 111. Padian, K. (2000). Feathers, Fakes and Fossil Dealers: How the Commercial Sale of Fossils Erodes Science and Education. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.3, Issue 2, Editorial 2. Senter, P. and D.M. Klein (2014). Investigations of claims of late-surviving pterosaurs: the cases of Belon's, Aldrovandi's, and Cardinal Barberini's winged dragons. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.17, Issue 3. Senter, P. and P.D. Wilkins (2013). Investigation of a claim of a late-surviving pterosaur and exposure of a taxidemic hoax: the case of Cornelius Meyer's dragon. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.16, Issue 1; 6A. Stone, R. (2010). Altering the Past: China's Faked Fossils Problem. Science, Vol.330. Straus, W.L. (1954). The Great Piltdown Hoax. Science, Vol.119. Turrittin, T.H. (2006). An annotated bibliography of the Piltdown Man forgery, 1953-2005. PalArch, 1, 1. Vanlandingham, S.L. Extraordinary Examples of Deception in Peer Reviewing: Conconction of the Dorenberg Skull Hoax and Related Misconduct. Wang, X. (2013). Mortgaging the future of Chinese paleontology. PNAS, Vol.110, Number 9. Wing, O. (2009). A simulated bird gastric mill and its implications for fossil gastrolith authenticity. Fossil Record, 12(1). Zhou, Z., J.A. Clarke and F. Zhang (2002). Archaeoraptor's Better Half. Nature, Vol. 420. Zipfel, B., C. Yates and A.M. Yates (2010). A case of vertebrate fossil forgery from Madagascar. Palaeont.afr., 45, Technical Note. Pseudofossils Breton, G., M. Serrano-Sanchez and F.J. Vega (2014). Filamentous micro-organisms, inorganic inclusions and pseudo-fossils in the Miocene amber from Totolapa (Chiapas, Mexico): taphonomy and systematics. Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica Mexicana, Vol.66, Number 1. Jenkins, R.J.F., P.S. Plummer and K.C. Moriarty (1981). Late Precambrian Pseudofossils from the Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Transactions of The Royal Society of South Australia, 105. Knaust, D. and R. Hauschke (2004). Trace fossils versus pseudofossils in Lower Triassic playa deposits, Germany. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecoloty, 215. Queensland Museum (2011). Pseudofossils - Fact Sheet. The State of Queensland (Queensland Museum). Schopf, J.W., et al. (2010). Precambrian microbe-like pseudofossils: A promising solution to the problem. Precambrian Research, 179.