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Found 33 results

  1. Babies buried under a mammoth-bone lid are the oldest known identical twins, Nature, November 11, 2020 https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-03184-6 Krems-Wachtberg–A Gravettian Settlement Site https://www.orea.oeaw.ac.at/en/research/quartaerarchaeologie/krems-wachtberg/ The Krems-Wachtberg Pavlovian site https://www.donsmaps.com/mammothsite.html Papers are: Teschler-Nicola, M., Fernandes, D., Händel, M., Einwögerer, T., Simon, U., Neugebauer-Maresch, C., Tangl, S., Heimel, P., Dobsak, T., Retzmann, A. and Prohaska, T., 2020. Ancient DNA reveals monozygotic newborn twins from the Upper Palaeolithic. Communications Biology, 3(1), pp.1-11. https://www.nature.com/articles/s42003-020-01372-8 (open access) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273059083_The_Gravettian_Infant_Burials_from_Krems-Wachtberg_Austria Händel, M., Einwögerer, T. and Simon, U., 2008. Krems- Wachtberg–a gravettian settlement site in the Middle Danube region. Wissenschaftliche Mitteilungen aus dem Niederösterreichischen Landesmuseum, 19, pp.91-108. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228503741_Krems-Wachtberg-A_Gravettian_Settlement_Site_in_the_Middle_Danube_Region Yours, Paul H.
  2. Dogs were domesticated once from a lost population of wolves Our history with dogs is complicated, according to a study of ancient dog DNA.Kiona N. Smith, Ares technica, Oct. 29, 2020 Anders Bergström1, Laurent Frantz, Ryan Schmidt, and others 2020, Origins and genetic legacy of prehistoric dogs Science 30 Oct 2020: Vol. 370, Issue 6516, pp. 557-564 Yours,, Paul H.
  3. Puppy Fossil Ate Woolly Rhino

    14,000 year old puppy (could be wolf or dog) found frozen had a chunk of woolly Rhino meat in its stomach as determined by DNA. https://www.cnn.com/2020/08/17/europe/woolly-rhino-puppy-intl-scli-scn/index.html
  4. Ancient DNA from Doggerland and the Storegga Tsunami Breakthrough in studying ancient DNA from Doggerland that separates the UK from Europe, University of Warwick, July 16, 2020 Link to article Scientists have studied sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) from sediment deposits in the southern North Sea, an area which has not previously been linked to a tsunami that occurred 8150 years ago. The paper is: Gaffney, V., Fitch, S., Bates, M., and others, 2020. Multi-Proxy Characterisation of the Storegga Tsunami and Its Impact on the Early Holocene Landscapes of the Southern North Sea. Geosciences, 2020; 10 (7): 270 Link to Gaffney et al. (2020) open access paper Related paper is: Gearey, B.R., Hopla, E.J., Boomer, I., Smith, D., Marshall, P., Fitch, S., Griffiths, S. and Tappin, D.R., 2017. Multi-proxy palaeoecological approaches to submerged landscapes: a case study from ‘Doggerland’, in the southern North Sea. The archaeological and forensic applications of microfossils: a deeper understanding of human history. The Micropalaeontological Society Special Publications. Geological Society, London, pp.35-53. Researchgate link to Gearey et al. (2017) Link to other papers by Peter Marshall A similar paper about New Zealand tsunamis is: Goff, J., Pearce, S., Nichol, S.L., Chagué-Goff, C., Horrocks, M. and Strotz, L., 2010. Multi-proxy records of regionally- sourced tsunamis, New Zealand. Geomorphology, 118(3-4), pp.369-382. Link to Goff et al. (2017) about New Zealand tsunamis Yours, Paul H.
  5. Well, if we ever revive the mammoth we can add a little bird to its enclosure. 46 thousand year old horned lark DNA has been extracted from this fossil. https://m.phys.org/news/2020-02-frozen-bird-year-old-horned-lark.html
  6. 'Ghost' population of humans discovered in ancient Africa By Laura Geggel, Live Science, January 22, 2020 https://www.livescience.com/ancient-dna-sub-saharan-africa.html DNA from child burials reveals ‘profoundly different’ human landscape in ancient Africa By Ann Gibbons, science News, January 22, 2020 https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/01/dna-child-burials-reveals-profoundly-different-human-landscape-ancient-africa Lipson, M., Ribot, I., Mallick, S., Rohland, N., Olalde, I., Adamski, N., Broomandkhoshbacht, N., Lawson, A.M., López, S., Oppenheimer, J. and Stewardson, K., 2020. Ancient West African foragers in the context of African population history. Nature, pp.1-6. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-1929-1 Yours, Paul H.
  7. Stone Age Woman

    From chewing gum.............. https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-50809586
  8. I guess this my 2nd #2 post today. https://m.phys.org/news/2019-08-prehistoric-puma-poo-reveals-oldest.html
  9. New area for Neanderthal genetics studies https://m.phys.org/news/2019-07-ancient-dna-neanderthal-fossils-gibraltar.html
  10. Stonehenge DNA

    Good article. The British hunter-gatherers were almost completely replaced by the Neolithic farmers, apart from one group in western Scotland. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-47938188
  11. Yukon paleontologist’s fossils are pure gold: Grant Zazula will be giving the 19th annual Dr. John Rae Lecture in Hamilton, focusing on the amazing lode of fossils and ancient DNA in the Yukon, and its connection with the hunt for gold. by Jeff Mahoney, The Hamilton Spectator https://www.thespec.com/opinion-story/9117772-yukon-paleontologist-s-fossils-are-pure-gold/ Paul H.
  12. Perri, A., Widga, C., Lawler, D., Martin, T., Loebel, T., Farnsworth, K., Kohn, L. and Buenger, B., 2018. New Evidence of the Earliest Domestic Dogs in the Americas. bioRxiv, p.343574. https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2018/06/27/343574 https://www.biorxiv.org/content/biorxiv/early/2018/06/11/343574.full.pdf https://www.academia.edu/38045438/_American_Antiquity_2019_New_Evidence_of_the_Earliest_Dogs_in_the_Americas Leathlobhair, M.N., Perri, A.R., Irving-Pease, E.K., Witt, K.E., Linderholm, A., Haile, J., Lebrasseur, O., Ameen, C., Blick, J., Boyko, A.R. and Brace, S., 2018. The evolutionary history of dogs in the Americas. Science, 361(6397), pp.81-85. http://www.palaeobarn.com/sites/default/files/publications/NorthAmerica_CTVT_revised_3.pdf http://dro.dur.ac.uk/25675/2/25675S.pdf http://science.sciencemag.org/content/361/6397/81 A similar article about cats. Where Do Cats Come From? By Claudio Ottoni Friends of Asor. January 2019, vol. VII, no. 1. http://www.asor.org/anetoday/2019/01/Where-Do-Cats-Come-From An older Fossil forum post about dogs. A new evidence that humans have already cared for dogs 14,000 years ago By Kasia, February 20, 2018 in Fossil News http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/82140-a-new-evidence-that-humans-have-already-cared-for-dogs-14000-years-ago/&tab=comments#comment-870629 Yours, Paul H. "The past is never dead. It's not even past." William Faulkner, Act 1, Scene III, Requiem for a Nun (1951)
  13. The September, Volume 18, Number 4, of the issue of the SAA Archaeological Record has series of review papers about the use of DNA and genetics in studying prehistoric and historic mammals and their past interactions with human beings. The PDF file of this issue is at: http://www.saa.org/Portals/0/SAA/Publications/thesaaarchrec/SAA Record Sept 2018 WEB 9.13.18.pdf http://www.saa.org/AbouttheSociety/Publications/TheSAAArchaeologicalRecord/tabid/64/Default.aspx The papers are: Sea Change? New Directions in Marine Mammal Research by Camilla F. Speller Whale Hunting in the Strait of Gibraltar during the Roman Period? by Darío Bernal-Casasola Ecology, Archaeology, and Historical Accounts Demonstrate the Whaling Practices of the Quileute Tribe in Washington State by Frances C. Robertson and Andrew W. Trites Finding Moby: Identifying Whales in the Archaeological Record by S. Evans and J. Mulville http://orca.cf.ac.uk/115359/1/New Evans and Mulville 2018 SAA.pdf Ancient Pinnipeds: What Paleogenetics Can Tell Us about Past Human-Marine Mammal Interactions by Xénia Keighley, Maiken Hemme Bro-Jørgensen, Peter Jordan, and Morten Tange Olsen Cumulative Human Impacts on Pinnipeds Over the Last 7,500 Years in Southern South America by Jonathan W. Nye, Atilio Francisco J. Zangrando, María Paz Martinoli, Martín M. Vázquez, and Marilyn L. Fogel https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329424997_Cumulative_Human_Impacts_on_Pinnipeds_Over_the_Last_7500_Years_in_Southern_South_America Yours, Paul H.
  14. A Brand-New Version of Our Origin Story

    A Brand-New Version of Our Origin Story New York Times, By Jared Diamond https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/20/books/review/david-reich-who-we-are-how-we-got-here.html The lecture about the book is: Ancient DNA and the New Science of the Human Past https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=990052wQywM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHdCuhYRHqo David Reich, Professor, Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute; Senior Associate Member, Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT Harvard Museum of Natural History David Reich’s book is: Who We Are and How We Got Here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Who_We_Are_and_How_We_Got_Here Yours, Paul H.
  15. https://www.sciencealert.com/climate-change-probably-slayed-the-siberian-unicorn https://cosmosmagazine.com/palaeontology/unicorns-did-exist-until-they-didn-t
  16. Dino DNA

    Dinosaur DNA But the researchers behind the DNA work say they have no plans to recreate dinosaurs, Jurassic Park style. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-44711974
  17. On the use and abuse of ancient DNA.

    On the use and abuse of ancient DNA. Researchers in several disciplines need to tread carefully over shared landscapes of the past. Ewen Callaway, Nature. March 18, 2018 https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-03773-6 Some related articles are: Editorial: On the use and abuse of ancient DNA. Researchers in several disciplines need to tread carefully over shared landscapes of the past. Nature 555, 559 (2018) https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-03857-3 sex, power and ancient DNA. Turi King hails David Reich’s thrilling account of mapping humans through time and place. Ewen Callaway, Nature. March 13, 2018 https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-02964-5 and Ancient-genome study finds Bronze Age ‘Beaker culture’ invaded Britain. Famous bell-shaped pots associated with group of immigrants who may have displaced Neolithic farmers. Ewen Callaway, Nature, May 17, 2017 https://www.nature.com/news/ancient-genome-study-finds-bronze-age-beaker-culture-invaded-britain-1.21996 Yours, Paul H.
  18. Fascinating lecture about molecular paleontology and the Cambrian Explosion. MDIBL Science Café - Cambrian Explosion: Animals or Fossils? MDI Biological Laboratory, Kevin Peterson, Aug 21, 2013 Additional reading: Erwin, D.H., Laflamme, M., Tweedt, S.M., Sperling, E.A., Pisani, D. and Peterson, K.J., 2011. The Cambrian conundrum: early divergence and later ecological success in the early history of animals. science, 334(6059), pp. 1091-1097. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/01fa/17e95952f8877302705e5030902b9ee92dd0.pdf http://www.markolabhawaii.org/Marko_Lab_at_UH_Manoa/ZOOL_719_-_Readings_files/Science-2011-Erwin-1091-7.pdf http://science.sciencemag.org/content/334/6059/1091 Yours Paul H.
  19. Researchers sequence complete genomes of extinct and living elephants, McMaster University, February 26, 2018, https://phys.org/news/2018-02-sequence-genomes-extinct-elephants.html The paper is: Eleftheria Palkopoulou, Mark Lipson, and others, 2018, A comprehensive genomic history of extinct and living elephants PNAS 2018; published ahead of print February 26, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1720554115 Yours, Paul H.
  20. In the Bones of a Buried Child, Signs of a Massive Human Migration to the Americas by Carl Zimmer, New York times, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/03/science/native-americans-beringia-siberia.html Discovery of Unknown Ancient Population Changes Our Understanding of How North America Was Settled George Dvorsky, Gizmodo, Janaury 3, 2018 https://gizmodo.com/discovery-of-unknown-ancient-population-changes-our-und-1821739886 The First Americans: Ancient DNA Rewrites Settlement Story By Mindy Weisberger, January 3, 2018 https://www.livescience.com/61319-dna-first-americans-lineage.html Ancient Native American 'Twins' Had Different Mothers By Tia Ghose, LiveScience, October 26, 2015 https://www.livescience.com/52582-alaskan-burials-genetic-history.html The paper is: Moreno-Mayar, J. V., and others, 2018, Terminal Pleistocene Alaskan genome reveals first founding population of Native Americans. Nature. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature25173 https://www.nature.com/articles/nature25173 Yours, Paul H.
  21. Fossil from Nevada cave spurs discovery of extinct horse By Henry Brean, Las Vegas Review-Journal,December 26, 2017 https://www.reviewjournal.com/news/science-and-technology/fossil-from-nevada-cave-spurs-discovery-of-extinct-horse/ The paper is: Heintzman, P.D., Zazula, G.D., MacPhee, R.D., Scott, E., Cahill, J.A., McHorse, B.K., Kapp, J.D., Stiller, M., Wooller, M.J., Orlando, L. and Southon, J., 2017. A new genus of horse from Pleistocene North America. eLife, 6. e22944. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5705217/ https://pgl.soe.ucsc.edu/haringtonhippus.pdf https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/06/24/154963 Fossil Forum article: A New Genus of Horse from Pleistocene North America ( Yukon ) http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/79761-a-new-genus-of-horse-from-pleistocene-north-america-yukon/ Yours, Paul H.
  22. Interesting non the less

    Stumbled across this while looking for something to watch while eating Chicken madras (which i must say was awesome) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2rtIWL7qTYQ Its an old VHS copy which clearly shows in the audio quality but goes over some very interesting ideas and views especially considering this was done over 20 years ago, and also for you poo lovers out there about 40 minutes in they go over coprolites. Anyway hope you enjoy and its not too main stream. Thanks Matt
  23. How some dinosaur discoveries might be wishful scientific thinking by Evan Thomas Saitta, The Conversation, November 6, 2017. https://theconversation.com/how-some-dinosaur-discoveries-might-be-wishful-scientific-thinking-86253 https://phys.org/news/2017-11-dinosaur-discoveries-scientific.html Yours, Paul H.
  24. Ice age fossils from Yukon help identify new horse genus Stilt-legged horses — extinct since the last ice age — are unrelated to modern horses, donkeys and zebras CBC News, November 28, 2017 http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/yukon-horse-genus-dawson-fossils-1.4423896 The paper is: Heintzman, P.D., Zazula, G.D., MacPhee, R.D., Scott, E., Cahill, J.A., McHorse, B.K., Kapp, J.D., Stiller, M., Wooller, M.J., Orlando, L. and Southon, J.R., 2017. A new genus of horse from Pleistocene North America. bioRxiv, p.154963. https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/06/24/154963 https://elifesciences.org/articles/29944 Yours, Paul H.
  25. DNA Study of Behavior of Woolly Mammoth

    Male mammoths more often fell into 'natural traps' and died, DNA evidence suggests, Cell Press. November 2, 2017 https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/11/171102124901.htm Patrícia Penerová, David Díez-del-Molino, Nicolas Dussex, Tatiana Feuerborn, Johanna von Seth, Johannes van der Plicht, Pavel Nikolskiy, Alexei Tikhonov, and Sergey Vartanyan, 2017, Genome-Based Sexing Provides Clues about Behavior and Social Structure in the Woolly Mammoth. Current Biology. Available online 2 November 2017, In Press, Corrected Proof http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982217312642 Although this is an interesting study, I am disappointed that they did not limit their samples to bones with well defined ages and provenance, which would have made interpreting the results less ambiguous. Yours, Paul H.