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Found 5 results

  1. Basilosauridae partial vertebrae

    From the album Marine reptiles and mammals

    Side view of vertebra, displaying missing piece see 1st picture for information
  2. Basilosauridae partial vertebrae

    From the album Marine reptiles and mammals

    View of damaged surface see 1st picture for information
  3. Basilosauridae partial vertebrae

    From the album Marine reptiles and mammals

    Vertebrae damaged during or before fossilization, from a basilosauridae. Found in Albany, GA, in the Ocala limestone formation, an Eocene deposit laid down by the swannee current between about 34-56 mya. The exact species is possibly still up in the air, since it is been suggested that it is something other than the original ID. We're still looking into the possibilities. Found in Georgia, so that limits the possibilities, but still leaves open a number of basilosauridae, including some dorudontinae such as Zygorhiza. Zygorhiza, which is what it was originally supposed to be, is iffy since it hasn't officially ever been found in GA, but I don't think that means it hasn't, doesn't that just mean it hasn't been found by scientific authorities, or confirmed by such? it seems however, that the person who ID'd it as Zygorhiza was Professor Mark Uhen, who I guess is an authority on the subject, but as before, they're not supposed to be found in GA. Another possibility from a different authority on the subject has ID'd it as Cynthiacetus, which I personally would prefer, but sadly that doesn't have any impact in the matter:(
  4. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since July 18, 2018. Order Cetacea - Whales, Dolphins and Their Allies Parvorder Archaeoceti (†) - Ancient Whales Family Ambulocetidae Bajpai, S. and P.D. Gingerich (1998). A new Eocene archaeocete (Mammalia, Cetacea) from India and the time of origin of whales. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci. USA, Vol.95. Thewissen, J.G.M., S.I. Madar and S.T. Hussain (1996). Ambulocetus natans, an Eocene cetacean (Mammalia) from Pakistan. Courier Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 191. Family Basilosauridae Subfamily Basilosaurinae Fahlke, J.M. (2012). Bite marks revisited - evidence for middle-to-late Eocene Basilosaurus isis predation on Dorudon atrox (both Cetacea, Basilosauridae). Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.15, Issue 3. Gibbes, R.W. (1847). On the Fossil genus Basilosaurus, Harlan (Zeuglodon, Owen) with a notice of Specimens from the Eocene Green Sands of South Carolina. Journal of the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia, Vol.I, Article I. Gingerich, P.D., et al. (1997). Basilosaurus drazindai and Basiloterus hussaini, New Archaeoceti (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Middle Eocene Drazinda Formation, with a Revised Interpretation of Ages of Whale-Bearing Strata in the Kirthar Group of the Sulaiman Range, Punjab (Pakistan).Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.30, Number 2. Gol'din, P. and E. Zvonok (2013). Basilotritus uheni, A New Cetacean (Cetacea, Basilosauridae) from the Late Middle Eocene of Eastern Europe. Journal of Paleontology, 87(2). Gol'din, P., et al. (2013). Basilotritus (Cetacea: Pelagiceti) from the Eocene of Nagornoye (Ukraine): New data on anatomy, ontongeny and feeding of early basilosaurids. C.R. Palevol, xxx. (Uncorrected proof) Lucas, F.A. (1900). The Pelvic Girdle of Zeuglodon, Basilosaurus cetoides (Owen), With Notes on Other Portions of the Skeleton. Proceedings U.S. National Museum, Vol.XXIII, Number 1211. Snively, E., J.M. Fahlke and R.C. Welsh (2015). Bone-Breaking Bite Force of Basilosaurus isis (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Late Eocene of Egypt Estimated by Finite Element Analysis. PLoS ONE, 10(2). Uhen, M.D. (1999). First Species of Protocetid Archaeocete Whale, Eocetus wardii (Mammalia: Cetacea) from the Middle Eocene of North Carolina. Journal of Paleontology, Vol.73, Number 3. Uhen, M.D. (1998). Chapter 2. Middle to Late Eocene Basilosaurines and Dorudontines. In: The Emergence of Whales. Thewissen, J.G.M. (ed.), Plenum Press, New York. Zalmout, I.S., H.A. Mustafa and P.D. Gingerich (2000). Priabonian Basilosaurus isis (Cetacea) from the Wadi Esh-Shallala Formation: First Marine Mammal from the Eocene of Jordan. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 20(1). Subfamily Dorudontinae Abu El-kheir, G.A., et al. (2013). Dentary of Mascracetus markgrafi, Archaeocete in the north of Lake Qaroun, Fayoum, Egypt. Journal of American Science, 9(12). Daly, E. (1999). A Middle Eocene Zygorhiza Specimen from Mississippi (Cetacea, Archaeoceti). Mississippi Geology, Vol.20, Number 2. Ekdale, E.G. and R.A. Racicot (2015). Anatomical evidence for low frequency sensitivity in an archaeocete whale: comparison of the inner ear of Zygorhiza kochii with that of crown Mysticeti. J.Anat., 226. Fordyce, R.E. (1985). Late Eocene archaeocete whale (Archaeoceti: Dorudontinae) from Waihao, South Canterbury, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, Vol.28. Gingerich, P.D. (2015). New Partial Skeleton and Relative Brain Size in the Late Eocene Archaeocete Zygorhiza kochii (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Pachuta Marl of Alabama, With a Note on Contemporaneous Pontogeneus brachyspondylus. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan. (Thanks to Boesse for pointing this one out!) Gingerich, P.D. and M.D. Uhen (1996). Ancalecetus simonsi, A New Dorudontine Archaeocete (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Early Late Eocene of Wadi Hitan, Egypt. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.29, Number 13. Martinez-Caceres, M. and C. de Muizon (2011). A new basilosaurid (Cetacea, Pelagiceti) from the Late Eocene to Early Oligocene Otuma Formation of Peru. C.R. Palevol, 10. Martinez-Caceres, M., O. Lambert and C. de Muizon (2017). The anatomy and phylogenetic affinities of Cynthiacetus peruvianus, a large Dorudon-like basilosaurid (Cetacea, Mammalia) from the late Eocene of Peru. Geodiversitas, 39(1). (158 pages) Uhen, M.D. (2005). A New Genus and Species of Archaeocete Whale from Mississippi. Southeastern Geology, Vol.43, Number 3. Uhen, M.D. (2004). Form, Function and Anatomy of Dorudon atrox (Mammalia, Cetacea): An Archaeocete from the Middle to Late Eocene of Egypt. University of Michigan Papers on Paleontology, Number 34. (238 pages, 65 MB) Uhen, M.D. (2000). Replacement of Deciduous First Premolars and Dental Eruption in Archaeocete Whales. Journal of Mammalogy, 81(1). Uhen, M.D. (1998). Chapter 2. Middle to Late Eocene Basilosaurines and Dorudontines. In: The Emergence of Whales. Thewissen, J.G.M. (ed.), Plenum Press, New York. Uhen, M.D. and P.D. Gingerich (2001). New Genus of Dorudontine Archaeocete (Cetacea) from the Middle-to-Late Eocene of South Carolina. Marine Mammal Science, 17(1). Subfamily Stromeriinae Gingerich, P.D. (2007). Stromerius nidensis, New Archaeocete (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Upper Eocene Qasr El-Sagha Formation, Fayum, Egypt. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.31, Number 13. General Basilosauridae Borsuk-Bialynicka, M. (1988). New remains of Archaeoceti from the Paleogene of Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 9(4). Buono, M.R., et al. (2016). Eocene Basilosaurid Whales from the La Meseta Formation, Marambio (Seymour) Island, Antarctica. Ameghiniana, Vol.53(3). Family Kekenodontidae Benham, W.B. (1937). Fossil Cetacea of New Zealand IV. Notes on Some of the Bones of Kekenodon onamata Hector. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol.67. Benham, W.B. (1935). The Teeth of an Extinct Whale, Microcetus hectori n.sp.. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol.65. Hernandez-Cisneros, A.E. and C.-H. Tsai (2016). A possible enigmatic kekenodontid (Cetacea, Kekenodontidae) from the Oligocene of Mexico. Paleontologia Mexicana, Vol.5, Number 2. Family Pakicetidae Gingerich, P.D. and D.E. Russell (1990). Dentition of Early Eocene Pakicetus (Mammalia, Cetacea). Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.28, Number 1. Gingerich, P.D. and D.E. Russell (1981). Pakicetus inachus, A New Archaeocete (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Early-Middle Eocene Kuldana Formation of Kohat (Pakistan). Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.25, Number 11. Gingerich, P.D., et al. (1983). Origin of Whales in Epicontinental Remnant Seas: New Evidence from the Early Eocene of Pakistan. Science, Vol.220. Family Protocetidae Albright, L.B. (1996). A Protocetid Cetacean from the Eocene of South Carolina. J.Paleont., 70(3). Bajpai, S. and J.G.M. Thewissen (2014). Protocetid cetaceans (Mammalia) from the Eocene of India. Palaeontologia Electronica, 17.3.34A(3). Geisler, J.H., et al. (2005). A New Protocetid Whale (Cetacea: Archaeoceti) from the Late Middle Eocene of South Carolina. American Museum Novitates, Number 3480. Gingerich, P.D., et al. (2009). New Protocetid Whale from the Middle Eocene of Pakistan: Birth on Land, Precocial Development and Sexual Dimorphism. PLoS One, 4(2). Gingerich, P.D., et al. (2005). Makaracetus bidens, A New Protocetid Archaeocete (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Early Middle Eocene of Balochistan (Pakistan). Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.31, Number 9. Gingerich, P.D., et al. (2001). Origin of Whales from Early Artiodactyls: Hands and Feet of Eocene Protocetidae from Pakistan.Science, 293, 2239. Gingerich, P.D., et al. (1994). New whale from the Eocene of Pakistan and the origin of cetacean swimming. Nature, Vol.368. Gingerich, P.D., et al. (1993). Partial Skeletons of Indocetus ramani (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Lower Middle Eocene Ramanda Shale in the Sulaiman Range of Punjab (Pakistan). Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.28, Number 16. Godfrey, S.J., J. Geisler and E.M.G. Fitzgerald (2013). On the Olfactory Anatomy in an Archaic Whale (Protocetidae, Cetacea) and the Minke Whale Balaeonoptera acutorostra (Balaenopteridae, Cetacea). The Anatomical Record, 296. Hautier, L., et al. (2014). First record of the family Protocetidae in the Lutetian of Senegal (West Africa). Palaeovertebrata, Vol.38 (2)-e2. Hulbert, R.C., et al. (1998). A New Middle Eocene Protocetid Whale (Mammalia: Cetacea: Archaeocetidae) and Associated Biota from Georgia. J.Paleont., 72(5). Sahni, A. and V.P. Mishra (1972). A New Species of Protocetus (Cetacea) from the Middle Eocene of Kutch, Western India. Palaeontology, Vol.15, Part 3. Uhen, M.D. and H.-J. Berndt (2008). First record of the archaeocete whale family Protocetidae from Europe. Fossil Record, 11(2). Weems, R.E., et al. (2011). An Occurrence of the Protocetid Whale "Eocetus" wardii in the Middle Eocene Piney Point Formation of Virginia. Journal of Paleontology, 85(2). Family Remingtonocetidae Bajpai, S. and J.G.M. Thewissen (2000). A new, diminutive Eocene whale from Kachchh (Gujarat, India) and its implications for locomotor evolution in cetaceans. Current Science, Vol.79, Number 10. Bajpai, S., J.G.M. Thewissen and R.W. Conley (2011). Cranial Anatomy of Middle Eocene Remingtonocetus (Cetacea, Mammalia) from Kutch, India. Journal of Paleontology, 85(4). Bebej, R.M. (2011). Functional Morphology of the Vertebral Column in Remingtonocetus (Mammalia, Cetacea) and the Evolution of Aquatic Locomotion in Early Archaeocetes. Ph.D. Dissertation - The University of Michigan. Bebej, R.M., et al. (2016). First remingtonocetid archaeocete (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the middle Eocene of Egypt with implications for biogeography and locomotion in early cetacean evolution. Journal of Paleontology, FirstView article. Cooper, L.N., et al. (2014). Chapter 5. New Applications for Constrained Ordination: Reconstructing Feeding Behaviors in Fossil Remingtonocetinae (Cetacea: Mammalia). In: Experimental Approaches to Understanding Fossil Organisms. Hembree, D.I., et al. (eds.), Topics in Geobiology, 41. Das, D.P., et al. (2009). An Unusual Specimen of the Eocene Whale Remingtonocetus (Cetacea, Mammalia) from Kutch, India. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India, Vol.54(2). Kumar, K. and A. Sahni (1986). Remingtonocetus harudiensis, New Combination, A Middle Eocene Archaeocete (Mammalia, Cetacea) from Western Kutch, India. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 6(4). Thewissen, J.G.M. and S. Bajpai (2001). Dental Morphology of Remingtonocetidae (Cetacea, Mammalia). J.Paleont., 75(2). General Archaeoceti Borsuk-Białynicka, M. (1988). New remains of Archaeoceti from the Paleogene of Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 9(4). Fahlke, J.M., et al. (2011). Cranial asymmetry in Eocene archaeocete whales and the evolution of directional hearing in water. PNAS, Vol.108, Number 35. Fostowicz-Frelik, L. (2003). An enigmatic whale tooth from the Upper Eocene of Seymour Island, Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, Vol.24, Number 1. Gingerich, P.D. (1998). Chapter 15. Paleobiological Perspectives on Mesonychia, Archaeoceti, and the Origin of Whales. In: The Emergence of Whales. Thewissen, J.G.M. (ed.), Plenum Press, New York. Gingerich, P.D. and S. Zouhri (2015). A new fauna of archaeocete whales (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Bartonian middle Eocene of southern Morocco. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 111. Gingerich, P.D. and D.E. Russell (1994). Unusual Mammalian Limb Bones (Cetacea?, Archaeoceti?) from the Early-to-Middle Eocene Subathu Formation of Kashmir (Pakistan). Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michican, Vol.29, Number 5. Gingerich, P.D., et al. (2001). Eocene Stratigraphy and Archaeocete Whales (Mammalia, Cetacea) of Drug Lahar in the Eastern Sulaiman Range, Balochistan (Pakistan). Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.30, Number 11. Gingerich, P.D., et al. (1995). New Archaeocetes (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Middle Eocene Domanda Formation of the Sulaiman Range, Punjab (Pakistan). Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.29, Number 11. Marino, L., et al. (2000). Endocranial Volume of Mid-Late Eocene Archaeocetes (Order: Cetacea) Revealed by Computed Tomography: Implications for Cetacean Brain Evolution. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, Vol.7, Number 2. Naish, D. (2004). Fossils explained 46. Ancient toothed whales. Geology Today, Vol.20, Number 2. Uhen, M.D. (2008). Bibliography of Archaeocete Cetaceans. Smithsonian Institution. Uhen, M.D., et al. (2011). New Middle Eocene Whales from the Pisco Basin of Peru. Journal of Paleontology, 85(5). Parvorder Mysticeti - The Baleen Whales Family Aetiocetidae (†) Deméré, T.A. and A. Berta (2008). Skull anatomy of the Oligocene toothed mysticete Aetiocetus weltoni (Mammalia; Cetacea): implications for mysticete evolution and functional anatomy. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 154. Marx, F.G., C.-H. Tsai and R.E. Fordyce (2015). A new Early Oligocene toothed 'baleen' whale (Mysteceti: Aetiocetidae) from western North America: one of the oldest and the smallest. R.Soc. open sci., 2. Peredo, C.M. and N.D. Pyenson (2018). Salishicetus meadi, a new aetiocetid from the late Oligocene of Washington State and implications for feeding transitions in early mysticete evolution. R.Soc. open sci., 5: 172336. Pledge, N.S. (2005). A New Species of Early Oligocene Cetacean from Port Willunga, South Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 51(1). Tsai, C.-H and T. Ando (2015). Niche Partitioning in Oligocene Toothed Mysticetes (Mysticeti: Aetiocetidae). J.Mammal.Evol., 23(1). Family incertae sedis Geisler, J.H., et al. (2017). The Origin of Filter Feeding in Whales. Current Biology, 27. (Thanks to Boesse for pointing me to this one!) Tsai, C.-H. and R.E. Fordyce (2018). A new archaic baleen whale Toipahautea waitaki (early Late Oligocene, New Zealand) and the origins of crown mysteceti. R.Soc. open sci., 5: 172453. (Thanks to Kasia for pointing me in the direction of this one!) Family Mammalodontidae (†) Fitzgerald, E.M.G. (2012). Archaeocete-like jaws in a baleen whale. Biol.Lett., (2012)8. Fitzgerald, E.M.G. (2010). The morphology and systematics of Mammalodon colliveri (Cetacea: Mysticeti), a toothed mysticete from the Oligocene of Australia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 158. Fitzgerald, E.M.G. (2006). A bizarre new toothed mysticete (Cetacea) from Australia and the early evolution of baleen whales. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 273. Fordyce, R.E. and F.G. Marx (2016). Mysticetes baring their teeth: a new fossil whale, Mammalodon hakataramea, from the Southwest Pacific. Memoirs of Museum Victoria, 74. Family Mystacodontidae (†) Lambert, O., et al. (2017). Earliest Mysticete from the Late Eocene of Peru Sheds New Light on the Origin of Baleen Whales. Current Biology, 27. (Thanks to DD1991 for pointing this one out!) Superfamily Balaenoidea - Right Whales and Relatives Family Balaenidae - Right Whales and Bowheads Atkinson, M. (2009). A 10,400-Year-Old Bowhead Whale (Balaena mysticetus) Skull from Ellef Ringnes Island, Nunavut: Implications for Sea-Ice Conditions in High Arctic Canada at the End of the Last Glaciation. Arctic, Vol.62, Number 1. Bianucci, G. (1995). A New Record of Baleen Whale from the Pliocene of Tuscany (Italy). Atti Soc.tosc.Sci.nat., Mem., Series A, 102. Bisconti, M. (2005). Skull Morphology and Phylogenetic Relationships of a New Diminutive Balaenid from the Lower Pliocene of Belgium. Palaeontology, Vol.48, Part 4. Bisconti, M. (2003). Evolutionary history of Balaenidae. Cranium, 20,1. Bisconti, M. (2002). An early Late Pliocene right whale (genus Eubalaena) from Tuscany (Central Italy). Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 41(1). Bisconti, M., O. Lambert and M. Bosselaers (2017). Revision of "Balaena" belgica reveals a new right whale species, the possible ancestry of the northern right whale, Eubalaena glacialis, and the ages of divergence for the living right whale species. PeerJ, 5:e3464. Buono, M.R., et al. (2017). The early Miocene balaenid Morenocetus parvus from Patagonia (Argentina) and the evolution of right whales. PeerJ, 5:e4148. Churchill, M., A. Berta and T. Deméré (2011). The systematics of right whales (Mysticeti: Balaenidae). Marine Mammal Science, **(*). Field, D.J., et al. (2017). The Oldest Marine Vertebrate Fossil from the Volcanic Island of Iceland: A Partial Right Whale Skull from the High Latitude Pliocene Tjörnes Formation. Palaeontology, Vol.60, Part 2. Kimura, T. (2009). Review of the fossil balaenids from Japan with a re-description of Eubalaena shinshuensis (Mammalia, Cetacea, Mysticeti). Quad.Mus.St.Nat. Livorno, 22. Family Cetotheriidae Kimura, T. and Y. Hasegawa (2010). A New Baleen Whale (Mysticeti: Cetotheriidae) from the Earliest Late Miocene of Japan and a Reconsideration of the Phylogeny of Cetotheres. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 30(2). Marx, F.G., O. Lambert and C. de Muizon (2017). A new Miocene baleen whale from Peru deciphers the dawn of cetotheriids. R.Soc.Open Sci., 4: 170560. Tanaka, Y., T. Ando and H. Sawamura (2018). A new species of Middle Miocene baleen whale from the Nupinai Group, Hikatagawa Formation of Hokkaido, Japan. PeerJ, 6:e4934. Subfamily Cetotheriinae (†) Gol'din, P. and D. Startsev (2016). A Systematic Review of Cetothere Baleen Whales (Cetacea, Cetotheriidae) from the Late Miocene of Crimea and Caucasus, With a New Genus. Papers in Palaeontology, 2016. Gol'din, P., D. Startsev and T. Krakhmalnaya (2014). The anatomy of the Late Miocene baleen whale Cetotherium riabinini from Ukraine. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 59(4). Stefanović, I. (2010). Note on the first fossil remains of a whale from northern Bosnia. Annales Géologiques de la Péninsule Balkanique, 71. Tarasenko, K.K. and A.V. Lopatin (2012). New Baleen Whale Genera (Cetacea, Mammalia) from the Miocene of the Northern Caucasus and Ciscaucasia: 2. Vampalus gen.nov. from the Middle-Late Miocene of Chechnya and Krasnodar Region. Paleontological Journal, Vol.46, Number 6. Tarasenko, K.K. and A.V. Lopatin (2012). New Baleen Whale Genera (Cetacea, Mammalia) from the Miocene of the Northern Caucasus and Ciscaucasia: 1. Kurdalagonus gen.nov. from the Middle-Late Sarmatian of Adygea. Paleontological Journal, Vol.46, Number 5. Subfamily Herpetocetinae (†) Bisconti, M. (2014). Anatomy of a new cetotheriid genus and species from the Miocene of Herentals, Belgium, and the phylogenetic and palaeobiogeographical relationships of Cetotheriidae s.s. (Mammalia, Cetacea, Mysticeti). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 13(5). Boessenecker, R.W. (2013). Pleistocene survival of an archaic dwarf baleen whale (Mysticeti: Cetotheriidae). Naturwissenschaften, 100. Boessenecker, R.W. (2011). Herpetocetine (Cetacea: Mysticeti) dentaries from the Upper Miocene Santa Margarita Sandstone of Central California. PaleoBios, 30(1). Bouetel, V. and C. de Muizon (2006). The anatomy and relationships of Piscobalaena nana (Cetacea, Mysticeti), a Cetotheriidae s.s. from the early Pliocene of Peru. Geodiversitas, 28(2). El Adli, J.J., T.A. Demere and R.W. Boessenecker (2014). Herpetocetus morrowi (Cetacea: Mysticeti), a new species of primitive baleen whale from the Upper Pliocene (Piacenzian) of California, USA, with observations on the evolution and relationships of the Cetotheriidae. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 170. Geisler, J.H. and Z. Luo (1996). The Petrosal and Inner Ear of Herpetocetus sp. (Mammalia: Cetacea) and Their Implications for the Phylogeny and Hearing of Archaic Mysticetes. J.Paleont., 70(6). Marx, F.G., M.E.J. Bosselaers and S. Louwye (2016). A new species of Metopocetus (Cetacea, Mysticeti, Cetotheriidae) from the Late Miocene of the Netherlands. PeerJ, 4:e1572. Marx, F.G., et al. (2017). How whales used to filter: exceptionally preserved baleen in a Miocene cetotheriid. J.Anat., 231. Subfamily incertae sedis Anderson, J.S. and L.G. Barnes (2000). A Fossil Miocene Whale from the Tipam Sandstone, St. Martin's Island, Bangladesh. Oryctos, Vol.3. Kimura, T. (2002). Feeding strategy of an Early Miocene cetothere from the Toyama and Akeyo Formations, central Japan. Paleontological Research, Vol.6, Number 2. Kimura, T. and T. Ozawa (2002). A New Cetothere (Cetacea: Mysticeti) from the Early Miocene of Japan. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 22(3). Pledge, N.S. (2010). The Telford "Cetothere" (Cetacea: Mysticeti: Cetotheriidae). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 134(2). Subfamily Neobalaeninae - Pygmy Right Whales Bisconti, M. (2012). Comparative osteology and phylogenetic relationships of Miocaperea pulchra, the first fossil pygmy right whale genus and species (Cetacea, Mysticeti, Neobalaenidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 166. Buono, M.R., et al. (2014). A Late Miocene potential neobalaenine mandible from Argentina sheds light on the origins of the living pygmy right whale. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica - Brief Reports, 59(4). Fordyce, R.E. and F.G. Marx (2012). The pygmy right whale Caperea marginata: the last of the cetotheres. Proc.R.Soc. B, 280: 20122645. Marx, F.G., et al. (2018). A Miocene pygmy right whale fossil from Australia. PeerJ, 6:e5025. (67.1MB) Marx, F.G., et al. (2013). Juvenile morphology: A clue to the origins of the most mysterious of mysticetes? Naturwissenschaften. Tsai, C.-H. and R.E. Fordyce (2015). Ancestor-descendant relationships in evolution: origin of the extant pygmy right whale, Caperea marginata. Biol.Lett., 11: 20140875. General Cetotheriidae Collareta, A., et al. (2015). Piscivory in a Miocene Cetotheriidae of Peru: first record of fossilized stomach content for an extinct baleen-bearing whale. The Science of Nature, 102:70. Dooley, A.C. (2000). "Double-headed" Ribs in a Miocene Whale. Jeffersoniana, Number 8. Godfrey, S.J. and J. Altman (2005). A Miocene Cetacean Vertebra Showing a Partially Healed Compression Fracture, the Result of Convulsions or Failed Predation by the Giant Great White Shark Carcharodon megalodon. Jeffersoniana, Number 16. Kellogg, R. (1969). Cetothere Skeletons from the Miocene Choptank Formation of Maryland and Virginia. United States National Museum, Bulletin 294. Family incertae sedis Czyzewska, T. (1988). Natural endocranial casts of the whales Pinocetus polonicus Czysewska & Ryziewicz, 1976, from the Pinczow Limestones (Middle Miocene; southern slopes of the Holy Cross Mountains, Central Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.38, Numbers 1-4. Czyzewska, T. and Z. Ryziewicz (1976). Pinocetus polonicus gen.n., sp.n. (Cetacea) from the Miocene Limestones of Pinczow, Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 21(3). Superfamily Balaenopteroidea Family Balaenopteridae - Rorquals Bisconti, M. and M. Bosselaers (2016). Fragilicetus velponi: a new mysticete genus and species and its implications for the origin of Balaeonopteridae (Mammalia, Cetacea, Mysticeti). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 177. Bosselaers, M. and K. Post (2010). A new fossil rorqual (Mammalia, Cetacea, Balaenopteridae) from the Early Pliocene of the North Sea, with a review of the rorqual species described by Owen and Van Beneden. Geodiversitas, 32(2). Deméré, T.A., A. Berta and M.R. McGowen (2005). The Taxonomic and Evolutionary History of Fossil and Modern Balaeonpteroid Mysticetes. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, Vol.12, Numbers 1/2. Esperante, R., F. Muniz Guinea and K.E. Nick (2009). Taphonomy of a Mysticeti whale in the Lower Pliocene Huelva Sands Formation (Southern Spain). Geologica Acta, Vol.7, Number 4. Kellogg, R. (1922). Description of the Skull of Megaptera miocaena, a Fossil Humpback Whale from the Miocene Diatomaceous Earth of Lompoc, California. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, Vol.61, Article 14. Lucas, S.G., et al. (2009). A Baleen Whale from the Pliocene of Nicaragua. Revista Geologica de America Central, 41. Martin, J.A. (2013). From Finbacks to Humpbacks: Investigation of the Evolutionary History of Balaenopteridae. Masters Thesis - San Diego State University. Marx, F.G. and N. Kohno (2016). A new Miocene baleen whale from the Peruvian desert. R.Soc. open sci., 3:160542. Pyenson, N.D., J.A. Goldbogen and R.E. Shadwick (2013). Mandible allometry in extant and fossil Balaenopteridae (Cetacea: Mammalia): the largest vertebrate skeletal element and its role in rorqual lunge feeding. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 108. Family Eschrichtiidae - Gray Whales Bisconti, M. (2008). Morphology and phylogenetic relationships of a new eschrichtiid genus (Cetacea: Mysticeti) from the Early Pliocene of northern Italy. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 153. Bisconti, M. and A. Varola (2006). The Oldest Eschrichtid Mysticete and a New Morphological Diagnosis of Eschrichtiidae (Gray Whales). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.112, Number 3. Garrison, E.G., et al. (2018). Recent dating of extinct Atlantic gray whale fossils, (Eschrichtius robustus), Georgia Bight and Florida, western Atlantic Ocean. PeerJ Preprints. (Not peer reviewed) Garrison, E.G., et al. (2012). Discovery of a Pleistocene mysticete whale, Georgia Bight (USA). Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.15, Issue 3. Noakes, S.E., N.D. Pyenson and G. McFall (2013). Late Pleistocene gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus) offshore Georgia, U.S.A., and the antiquity of gray whale migration in the North Atlantic Ocean. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 392. Noakes, S.E., E.G. Garrison and G.B. McFall (2009). Underwater Paleontology: Recovery of a Prehistoric Whale Mandible Offshore Georgia. In: Diving for Science 2009. Pollock, N.W. (ed.), Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences 28th Symposium, Dauphin Island, AL. Tsai, C.-H., et al. (2014). Quaternary fossil gray whales from Taiwan. Paleontological Research, Vol.18, Number 2. Family incertae sedis Benham, W.B. (1942). Fossil Cetacea of New Zealand V. Mauicetus, a Generic Name substituted for Lophocephalus Benham. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol.71. Benham, W.B. (1937). Fossil Cetacea of New Zealand II. On Lophocephalus, a New Genus of Zeuglodont Cetacea. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol.67. Bisconti, M. (2010). New description of "Megaptera" hubachi Dathe, 1983 based on the holotype skeleton held in the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin. Quad.Mus.St.Nat. Livorno, 23. Dooley, A.C., N.C. Fraser and Z.-X. Luo (2004). The Earliest Known Member of the Rorqual-Gray Whale Clade (Mammalia, Cetacea). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24(2). Tsai, C.-H. and R.E. Fordyce (2015). The Earliest Gulp-Feeding Mysticete (Cetacea: Mysticeti) from the Oligocene of New Zealand. J.Mammal.Evol., published on-line. Family Pelocetidae (†) Gol'din, P. and P. Radovic (2018). A Middle Miocene Baleen Whale from Bele Vode in Belgrade, Serbia. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.124(1). Kellogg, R. (1924). Description of a New Genus and Species of Whalebone Whale from the Calvert Cliffs, Maryland. Number 2483. Proceedings U.S. National Museum, Vol.63, Article 15. Tsai, C.-H. (2017). A Miocene breeding ground of an extinct baleen whale (Cetacea: Mysticeti). PeerJ, 5:e3711. (Thanks to Oxytropidoceras for locating this one!) Family Tranatocetidae (†) Gol'din, P. and M.E. Steeman (2015). From Problem Taxa to Problem Solver: A New Miocene Family, Tranatocetidae, Brings Perspective on Baleen Whale Evolution. PLoS ONE, 10(9). (Thanks to Boesse for pointing this one out!) Superfamily Eomysticetoidea Family Eomysticetidae (†) Boessenecker, R.W. and R.E. Fordyce (2015). A new genus and species of eomysticetid (Cetacea: Mysticeti) and a reinterpretation of 'Mauicetus' lophocephalus Marples, 1956: Transitional baleen whales from the upper Oligocene of New Zealand. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 175. Boessenecker, R.W. and R.E. Fordyce (2015). Anatomy, feeding ecology and ontogeny of a transitional baleen whale: a new genus and species of Eomysticetidae (Mammalia: Cetacea) from the Oligocene of New Zealand. PeerJ, 3:e1129. Boessenecker, R.W. and R.E. Fordyce (2014). A new Eomysticetid (Mammalia: Cetacea) from the Late Oligocene of New Zealand, and a re-evaluation of 'Mauicetus' waitakiensis. Papers in Palaeontology, 2014. Okazaki, Y. (2012). A new mysticete from the upper Oligocene Ashiya Group, Kyushu, Japan and its significance to mysticete evolution. Bull. Kitakyushu Mus.Nat.Hist.Hum.Hist., Series A, 10. General Mysticeti Ávila, S.P., et al. (2015). Fossil Mysticeti from the Pleistocene of Santa Maria Island, Azores (Northeast Atlantic Ocean), and the prevalence of fossil cetaceans on oceanic islands. Palaeontologia Electronica, 18.2.27a. Beatty, B.L. and A.C. Dooley (2009). Injuries in a Mysticete Skeleton from the Miocene of Virginia, With a Discussion of Buoyancy and the Primitive Feeding Mode in the Chaeomysticeti. Jeffersoniana, Number 20. Berta, A., et al. (2016). From Teeth to Baleen and Raptorial to Bulk Filter Feeding in Mysticete Cetaceans: The Role of Paleontological, Genetic, and Geochemical Data in Feeding Evolution and Ecology. Integrative and Comparative Biology, Vol.56, Number 6. Bisconti, M. (2009). Taxonomy and evolution of the Italian Pliocene Mysticeti (Mammalia, Cetacea): a state of the art. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 48(2). Deméré, T.A., et al. (2008). Morphological and Molecular Evidence for a Stepwise Evolutionary Transition from Teeth to Baleen in Mysticete Whales. Syst.Biol., 57(1). Ekdale, E.G. (2016). Morphological Variation Among the Inner Ears of Extinct and Extant Baleen Whales (Cetacea: Mysticeti). Journal of Morphology, 00. Esperante, R., et al. (2008). Exceptional occurrence of fossil baleen in shallow marine sediments of the Neogene Pisco Formation, Southern Peru. Palaeogeography,Palaeoclimatology,Palaeoecology, 257. Geisler, J.H., et al. (2017). The Origin of Filter Feeding in Whales. Current Biology, 27. (Thanks to Boesse for pointing me to this one!) Govender, R., M. Bisconti and A. Chinsamy (2016). A late Miocene-early Pliocene baleen whale assemblage from Langebaanweg, west coast of South Africa (Mammalia, Cetacea, Mysticeti). Alcheringa, 40. Hampe, O. and S. Baszio (2010). Relative warps meet cladistics: A contribution to the phylogenetic relationships of baleen whales based on landmark analyses of mysticete crania. Bulletin of Geosciences, 85(2). Hernandez Cisneros, A.E. (2018). A new group of late Oligocene mysticetes from Mexico. Palaeontologia Electronica, 27.1.7A. Marx, F.G. (2011). The More the Merrier? A Large Cladistic Analysis of Mysticetes, and Comments on the Transition from Teeth to Baleen. J.Mammal.Evol., 18. Marx, F.G. and R.E. Fordyce (2015). Baleen boom and bust: a synthesis of mysticete phylogeny, diversity and disparity. R.Soc.open sci., 2:140434. Peredo, C.M., N.D. Pyenson and A.T. Boersma (2017). Decoupling Tooth Loss from the Evolution of Baleen in Whales. Frontiers in Marine Science, Vol.4, Article 67. (Thanks to doushantuo for pointing this one out!) Peredo, C.M., et al. (2017). Alveoli, teeth, and tooth loss: Understanding the homology of internal mandibular structures in mysticete cetaceans. PLoS ONE, 12(5). Slater, G.J., J.A. Goldbogen and N.D. Pyenson (2017). Independent evolution of baleen whale gigantism linked to Plio-Pleistocene ocean dynamics. Proc.R.Soc. B, 284: 20170546. Parvorder Odontoceti - The Toothed Whales Basal Odontoceti Family Agorophiidae (†) Godfrey, S.J., et al. (2016). A new specimen of Agorophius pygmaeus (Agorophiidae, Odontoceti, Cetacea) from the early Oligocene Ashley Formation of South Carolina, USA. Journal of Paleontology, 90(1). True, F.W. (1907). Remarks on the Type of the Fossil Cetacean Agorophius pygmaeus (Muller). Smithsonian Institution, Number 1691. Family Xenorophidae (†) Boessenecker, R.W., E. Ahmed and J.H. Geisler (2017). New records of the dolphin Albertocetus meffordorum (Odontoceti: Xenorophidae) from the lower Oligocene of South Carolina: Encephalization, sensory anatomy, postcranial morphology, and ontogeny of early odontocetes. PLoS ONE, 12(11). Boessenecker, R.W., et al. (2017). A toothless dwarf dolphin (Odontoceti: Xenorophidae) points to explosive feeding diversification of modern whales (Neoceti). Proc.R.Soc. B, 284:1861:20170531. (Preprint) (Thanks to Boesse for pointing this one out!) Kellogg, R. (1923). Description of an Apparently New Toothed Cetacean from South Carolina. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol.76, Number 7. Park, T., E.M.G. Fitzgerald and A.R. Evans (2016). Ultrasonic hearing and echolocation in the earliest toothed whales. Biol.Lett., 12. Uhen, M.D. (2008). A new Xenorophus-like odontocete cetacean from the Oligocene of North Carolina and a discussion of the basal odontocete radiation. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 6(4). Superfamily Delphinoidea - Dolphins and Relatives Family Albireonidae (†) Murakami, M. and Y. Koda (2013). The first Pliocene albireonid (Cetacea, Delphinoidea) periotic from the western North Pacific and paleobiogeographic significance of fossil delphinoid ear bones of Na-arai Formation of Choshi, Chiba, central Japan. Japan Cetology, (23). Family Delphinidae - Ocean Dolphins Aguirre-Fernandez, G., et al. (2009). Protoglobicephala mexicana, a new genus and species of Pliocene fossil dolphin (Cetacea; Odontoceti; Delphinidae) from the Gulf of California, Mexico. Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica Mexicana, Vol.61, Number 2. Bianucci, G. (2013). Septidelphis morii, n.gen. et sp., from the Pliocene of Italy: new evidence of the explosive radiation of true dolphins (Odontoceti, Delphinidae). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 33(3). Bianucci, G. (2005). Arimidelphis sorbinii, A New Small Killer Whale-Like Dolphin from the Pliocene of Marecchia River (Central Eastern Italy) and a Phylogenetic Analysis of the Orcininae (Cetacea: Odontoceti). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.111, Number 2. Bianucci, G. (1997). A New Find of Hemisyntrachelus (Cetacea, Delphinidae) from Piacenzian Sediments of Rio Stramonte (Northern Apennines, Italy). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.103, Number 2. Bianucci, G., S.C. Vaiani and S. Casati (2009). A new delphinid record (Odontoceti, Cetacea) from the Early Pliocene of Tuscany (Central Italy): systematics and biostratigraphic considerations. N.Jb.Geol.Palaont. Abh., Vol.254/3. Boessenecker, R.W., F.A. Perry and J.H. Geisler (2015). Globicephaline whales from the Mio-Pliocene Purisima Formation of central California, USA. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 60(1). (Thanks to Boesse for providing this link!) Buchholtz, E.A. and S.A. Schur (2004). Vertebral osteology in Delphinidae (Cetacea). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 140. Chang, C.-H. (1996). The First Fossil Record of a Short-Finned Pilot Whale (Globicephala macrorhynchus) from the Penghu Channel. Bulletin of National Museum of Natural Science, Number 8. do Amaral, K.B., et al. (2016). Historical Biogeography of Delphininae Dolphins and Related Taxa (Artiodactyla: Delphinidae). J.Mammal.Evol. Fordyce, R.E. and H.J. Campbell (1990). Fossil Dolphin Bones from the Chatham Islands, New Zealand. New Zealand Natural Sciences, 17. Kazar, E., M. Vramir and V. Codrea (2004). Dolphin Remains (Cetacea: Odontoceti) from the Middle Miocene of Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Acta Palaeontologica Romaniae, Vol.4. Post, K. and E.J.O. Kompanje (2010). A new dolphin (Cetacea, Delphinidae) from the Plio-Pleistocene of the North Sea. DEINSEA, 14. Post, K. and M. Bosselaers (2005). Late Pliocene occurrence of Hemisyntrachelus (Odontoceti, Delphinidae) in the southern North Sea. DEINSEA, 11. Family Inticetidae (†) Lambert, O., et al. (2017). A new odontocete (toothed cetacean) from the Early Miocene of Peru expands the morphological disparity of extinct heterodont dolphins. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. Family Kentriodontidae (†) Barnes, L.G. (1985). The Late Miocene Dolphin Pithanodelphis Abel, 1905 (Cetacea: Kentriodontidae) from California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science, Number 367. Barnes, L.G. and E. Mitchell (1984). Kentriodon obscurus (Kellogg, 1931) , A Fossil Dolphin (Mammalia, Kentriodontidae) from the Miocene Sharktooth Hill Bonebed in California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science, Number 353. Bianucci, G. (2001). A New Genus of Kentriodontid (Cetacea: Odontoceti) from the Miocene of South Italy. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 21(3). Bianucci, G. and R. Varola (1994). Kentriodontidae (Odontoceti, Cetacea) from Miocene Sediments of the Pietra Leccese (Apulia, Italy). Atti Soc.Tosc.Sci.Nat., Mem., Series A, 101. Colbert, E.H. (1944). A New Fossil Whale from the Miocene of Peru. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol.83, Article 3. Ichishima, H. (1994). A new fossil kentriodontid dolphin (Cetacea; Kentriodontidae) from the Middle Miocene Takinoue Formation, Hokkaido, Japan. The Island Arc, 3. Kazár, E. (2005). A new kentriodontid (Cetacea: Delphinoidea) from the Middle Miocene of Hungary. Mitt.Mus.Nat.kd.Berl., Geowiss., Vol.8. Kazár, E. and D. Grigorescu (2005). Revision of Sarmatodelphis moldavicus Kirpichnikov, 1954 (Cetacea: Delphinoidea), from the Miocene of Krishinev, Republic of Moldavia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25(4). Kazár, E. and M. Venczel (2003). Kentriodontid Remains (Cetacea: Odontoceti) from the Middle Miocene of Bihor County, Romania. Nymphaea, XXX. Kazár, E., M. Vremir, and V. Codrea (2004). Dolphin Remains (Cetacea: Odontoceti) from the Middle Miocene of Cluj-Napoca, Romania. Acta Paleontologica Romaniae, Vol.4. Lambert, O., et al. (2005). A new kentriodontine dolphin from the middle Miocene of Portugal. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 50(2). Lim, J.-D. (2005). The first dolphin fossil from the Miocene of Korea. Current Science, Vol. 89, Number 6. True, F.W. (1912). Description of a New Fossil Porpoise of the Genus Delphinodon from the Miocene Formation of Maryland. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Vol.XV, Second Series. Family Monodontidae - Belugas and Narwhals Lambert, O. and P. Gigase (2007). A monodontid cetacean from the Early Pliocene of the North Sea. Bulletin de L'Institut Royal Des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique - Sciences de la Terre, 77. Velez-Juarbe, J. and N.D. Pyenson (2012). Bohaskaia monodontoides, A New Monodontid (Cetacea, Odontoceti, Delphinoidea) from the Pliocene of the Western North Atlantic Ocean. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 32(2). Family Odobenocetopsidae (†) De Muizon, C. (2009). Odobenocetops. De Muizon, C. (1993). Walrus-like feeding adaptation in a new cetacean from the Pliocene of Peru. Nature, Vol.365. De Muizon, C., D.P. Domning and D.R. Ketten (2002). Odobenocetops peruvianus, the Walrus-Convergent Delphinoid (Mammalia: Cetacea) from the Early Pliocene of Peru. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, Number 93. De Muizon, C., D.P. Domning and M. Parrish (1999). Dimorphic tusks and adaptive strategies in a new species of walrus-like dolphin (Odobenocetopsidae) from the Pliocene of Peru. Earth & Planetary Sciences, 329. Family Phocoenidae - Porpoises Colpaert, W., M. Bosselaers and O. Lambert (2015). Out of the Pacific: a second fossil porpoise from the Pliocene of the North Sea Basin. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 60(1). Ichishima, H. and M. Kimura (2013). New material of Haborophocoena toyoshimai (Odontoceti: Phocoenidae) from the Lower Pliocene Embetsu Formation of Hokkaido, Japan. Paleontological Research, Vol.17, Number 2. Ichishima, H. and M. Kimura (2009). A new species of Haborophocoena, an early Pliocene phocoenid cetacean from Hokkaido, Japan. Marine Mammal Science, 25(4). Murakami, M., et al. (2015). Fossil remains from the Pliocene Koetoi Formation of northern Japan provide insights into growth rates and the vertebral evolution of porpoises. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 60(1). Racicot, R.A., et al. (2016). Comparative anatomy of the bony labyrinth of extant and extinct porpoises (Cetacea: Phocoenidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, xx. Tanaka, Y. and H. Ichishima (2016). A new skull of the fossil porpoise Numataphocoena yamashitai (Cetacea: Phocoenidae) from the upper part of the Horokaoshirarika Formation (lower Pliocene), Numata Town, Hokkaido, Japan, and its phylogenetic position. Palaeontologia Electronica, 19.3.49A. Superfamily Eurhinodelphinoidea Family Eurhinodelphinidae (†) - Long-Nosed Dolphins Case, E.C. (1934). A Specimen of Long-Nosed Dolphin from the Bone Valley Gravels of Polk County, Florida. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.IV, Number 6. Lambert, O. (2005). Review of the Miocene long-snouted dolphin Priscodelphinus cristatus Du Bus, 1872 (Cetacea, Odontoceti) and phylogeny among eurhinodelphinids. Bulletin de L'Institut Royal Des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique - Sciences de la Terre, 75. Lambert, O. (2004). Systematic revision of the Miocene long-snouted dolphin Eurhinodelphis longirostris Du Bus, 1872 (Cetacea, Odontoceti, Eurhinodelphinidae). Bulletin de L'Institut Royal Des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique - Sciences de la Terre, 74. Superfamily Inioidea - River Dolphins Family incertae sedis Lambert, O., et al. (2017). A new inioid (Cetacea, Odontoceti: Delphinida) from the Miocene of Peru and the origin of modern dolphin and porpoise families. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 179. Family Iniidae - River Dolphins Aguirre-Fernandez, G., et al. (2017). A Dolphin Fossil Earbone from the Northern Neotropics - Insights into Habitat Transition in Iniid Evolution. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, e1315817. Gutstein, C.S., M.A. Cozzuol and N.D. Pyenson (2014). The Antiquity of Riverine Adaptations in Iniidae (Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the Late Miocene of the Ituzaingó Formation, Argentina. The Anatomical Record, 00:00-00. Pyenson, N.D., et al. (2015). Isthminia panamensis, a new fossil inioid (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Chagres Formation of Panama and the evolution of 'river dolphins' in the Americas. PeerJ, 3:e1227. Family Pontoporiidae - River Dolphins Barnes, L.G. (1985). Fossil Pontoporiid Dolphins (Mammalia: Cetacea) from the Pacific Coast of North America. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Contributions in Science, Number 363. Gutstein, C.S., et al. (2009). Patterns of Skull Variation of Brachydelphis (Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the Neogene of the Southeastern Pacific. Journal of Mammalogy, 90(2). Lambert, O. and K. Post (2005). First European pontoporiid dolphins (Mammalia, Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the Miocene of Belgium and the Netherlands. DEINSEA 11. Post, K., S. Louwye and O. Lambert (2017). Scaldiporia vandokkumi, a new pontoporiid (Mammalia, Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the Late Miocene to earliest Pliocene of the Westerschelde estuary (The Netherlands). PeerJ, 5:e3991. Simoes-Lopes, P.C. and C.S. Gutstein (2004). Notes on the Anatomy, Positioning, and Homology of the Pelvic Bones in Small Cetaceans (Cetacea, Delphinidae, Pontoporiidae). Lajam, 3(2). Superfamily Platanistoidea - River Dolphins Barnes, L.G. (2006). A Phylogenetic Analysis of the Superfamily Platanistoidea (Mammalia, Cetacea, Odontoceti). Beitr.Palaont., 30. Family Allodelphinidae (†) Boersma, A.T. and N.D. Pyenson (2016). Arktocara yakataga, a new fossil odontocete (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Oligocene of Alaska and the antiquity of Platanistoidea. PeerJ, 4:e2321. Toshiyuki, K. and L.G. Barnes (2016). New Miocene fossil Allodelphinidae (Cetacea, Odontoceti, Platanistoidea) from the North Pacific Ocean. Bull. Gunma Mus.Natu.Hist., 20. Family incertae sedis Tanaka, Y., et al. (2017). A new tropical Oligocene dolphin from Montañita/Olón, Santa Elena, Ecuador. PLoS ONE, 12(12). Viglino, M., et al. (2018). A new dolphin from the early Miocene of Patagonia, Argentina: Insights into the evolution of Platanistoidea in the Southern Hemisphere. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 63(X), xxx-xxx. Family Platanistidae - Asian River Dolphins Barnes, L.G. (2002). An Early Miocene long-snouted marine platanistid dolphin (Mammalia, Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the Korneuburg Basin (Austria). Beitr.Palaont., 27. Bianucci, G., et al. (2013). A Miocene Relative of the Ganges River Dolphin (Odontoceti, Platanistidae) from the Amazonian Basin. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 33(3). Boersma, A.T., M.R. McCurry and N.D. Pyenson (2017). A new fossil dolphin Dilophodelphis fordycei provides insight into the evolution of supraorbital crests in Platanistoidea (Mammalia, Cetacea). R.Soc. open sci., 4: 170022. Gutstein, C.S., et al. (2009). Patterns of Skull Variation of Brachydelphis (Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the Neogene of the Southeastern Pacific. Journal of Mammalogy, 90(2). Kazar, E. (2010). Revision of the genus Pachyacanthus Brandt, 1871 (Mammalia: Cetacea: Odontoceti). Ann.Naturhist.Mus. Wien, Series A, 112. Lambert, O. (2006). First record of a platanistid (Cetacea, Odontoceti) in the North Sea Basin: a review of Cyrtodelphis Abel, 1899 from the Miocene of Belgium. Oryctos, Vol.6. Family Squalodelphinidae (†) Bianucci, G., M. Urbina and O. Lambert (2014). A new record of Notocetus vanbenedeni (Squalodelphiniae, Odontoceti, Cetacea) from the Early Miocene of Peru. C.R. Palevol, 14. Bianucci, G., et al (2018). A new large squalodelphinid (Cetacea, Odontoceti) from Peru sheds light on the Early Miocene platanistoid disparity and ecology. R.Soc. open sci., 5: 172302. De Muizon, C. (1987). The Affinities of Notocetus vanbenedeni, an Early Miocene Platastinoid (Cetacea,Mammalia) from Patagonia, Central Argentina. American Museum Novitates, Number 2904. Lambert, O., G. Bianucci and M. Urbina (2014). Huaridelphis raimondii, A New Early Miocene Squalodelphinidae (Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the Chilcatay Formation, Peru. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 34(5). True, F.W. (1910). Description of a Skull and Some Vertebrae of the Fossil Cetacean Diochotichus vanbenedeni from Santa Cruz, Patagonia. Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, Vol.XXVIII, Article 4. Family Squalodontidae (†) - Shark-toothed Dolphins Allen, J.A. (1887). Note on Squalodont Remains from Charleston, S.C. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol.2, Number2. Benham, W.B. (1935). The Teeth of an Extinct Whale, Microcetus hectori n.sp. Trans. Royal Society of N.Z., Vol.65 Benham, W.B., et al. (1937). Fossil Cetacea of New Zealand. Part III. - The Skull and other Parts of the Skeleton of Prosqualodon hamiltoni n.sp. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol. 67. De Muizon, C. (1994). Are the Squalodonts Related to the Platanistoids? In: Contributions in Marine Mammal Paleontology Honoring Frank C. Whitmore, Jr. . Berta, A. and T.A. Demere (eds.), Proc. San Diego Soc.Nat.Hist., 29. Dooley, A.C. (2003). A Review of the Eastern North American Squalodontidae (Mammalia: Cetacea). Jeffersoniana, Number 11. Fordyce, R.E. (1982). Dental anomaly in a fossil squalodont dolphin from New Zealand, and the evolution of polydonty in whales. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, Vol.9. Kellogg, R. (1923). Description of Two Squalodonts Recently Discovered in the Calvert Cliffs, Maryland; And Notes on the Shark-Toothed Cetaceans. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, Vol.62, Article 6. Luo, Z. and E.R. Eastman (1995). Petrosal and Inner Ear of a Squalodontoid Whale: Implications for Evolution of Hearing in Odontocetes. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 15(2). Okazaki, Y. (1988). Oligocene squalodont (Cetacea: Mammalia) from the Ashiya Group, Japan. Bull. Kitakyushu Mus.Nat.Hist., 8. Okazaki, Y. (1987). Additional materials of Metasqualodon symmetricus (Cetacea: Mammalia) from the Oligocene Ashiya Group, Japan. Bull. Kitakyushu Mus.Nat.Hist., 7. Symeonidis, N.K., E. Kazar and S.J. Roussiakis (2004). Shark-toothed dolphin remains (Mammalia, Cetacea, Squalodontidae) from the Early Miocene of Greece. Ann.Naturhist.Mus. Wien, 105A. Family Waipatiidae (†) Fitzgerald, E.M.G. (2016). A late Oligocene waipatiid dolphin (Odontoceti: Waipatiidae) from Victoria, Australia. Memoirs of Museum Victoria, 74. Fordyce, R.E. (1994). Waipatia maerewhenua, a New Genus and New Species (Waipatiidae, New Family), an Archaic Late Oligocene Dolphin (Cetacea: Odontoceti: Platanistoidea) from New Zealand. In: Contributions in Marine Mammal Paleontology Honoring Frank C. Whitmore, Jr. Berta, A. and T. Demere (eds.), Proceedings of the San Diego Society of Natural History, 29. Tanaka, Y. and R.E. Fordyce (2015). A new Oligo-Miocene dolphin from New Zealand: Otekaikea huata expands diversity of the early Platanistoidea. Palaeontologia Electronica, 18.2.23A. Tanaka, Y. and R.E. Fordyce (2014). Fossil Dolphin Otekaikea marplesi (Latest Oligocene, New Zealand) Expands the Morphological and Taxonomic Diversity of Oligocene Cetaceans. PLoS ONE, 9(9). Superfamily Physeteroidea - Sperm Whales Family incertae sedis Bianucci, G. and W. Landini (2006). Killer sperm whale: a new basal physeteroid (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Late Miocene of Italy. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 148. Gol'din, P.E. and V.A. Marareskul (2013). Miocene Toothed Whales (Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the Dniester Valley: The First Record of Sperm Whales (Physeteroidea) from the Eastern Europe. Vestnik zoologii, 47(5). Lambert, O., G. Bianucci and C. De Muizon (2008). A new stem-sperm whale (Cetacea, Odontoceti, Physeteroidea) from the Latest Miocene of Peru. C.R. Palevol, 7. Perez, L.M., et al. (2011). A Sperm Whale (Cetacea: Physeteroidea) from the Parana Formation (Late Miocene) of Entre Rios, Argentina. Environment and Taphonomy. Ameghiniana, 48(4). Reumer, J.W.F., T.H. Mens and K. Post (2017). New finds of giant raptorial sperm whale teeth (Cetacea, Physeteroidea) from the Westerschelde Estuary (province of Zeeland, the Netherlands). DEINSEA 17. Family Kogiidae - Pygmy Sperm Whales Barnes, L.G. (1973). Praekogia cedrosensis, A New Genus of Fossil Pygmy Sperm Whale from Isla Cedros, Baja California, Mexico. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science, Number 247. Bianucci, G. and W. Landini (1999). Kogia pusilla from the Middle Pliocene of Tuscany (Italy) and a Phylogenetic Analysis of the Family Kogiidae (Odontoceti, Cetacea). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.105, Number 3. Collareta, A., et al. (2017). Koristocetus pescei gen. et sp.nov., a diminutive sperm whale (Cetacea: Odontoceti: Kogiidae) from the late Miocene of Peru. Foss.Rec., 20. Luo, Z. and K. Marsh (1996). Petrosal (Periotic) and Inner Ear of a Pliocene Kogiine Whale (Kogiinae, Odontoceti): Implications on Relationships and Hearing Evolution of Toothed Whales. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Vol.16, Number 2. Velez-Juarbe, J., A.R. Wood and C. Pimiento (2016). Pygmy Sperm Whales (Odontoceti, Kogiidae) from the Pliocene of Florida and North Carolina. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, e1135806. Velez-Juarbe, J., et al. (2015). Evolutionary Patterns among Living and Fossil Kogiid Sperm Whales: Evidence from the Neogene of Central America. PLoS ONE, 10(4). Family Physeteridae - Sperm Whales Bianucci, G., W. Landini and A. Varola (2004). First discovery of the Miocene northern Atlantic sperm whale Orycterocetus in the Mediterranean. Geobios, 37. Boersma, A.T. and N.D. Pyenson (2015). Albicetus oxymycterus, a New Generic Name and Redescription of a Basal Physeteroid (Mammalia, Cetacea) from the Miocene of California and the Evolution of Body Size in Sperm Whales. PLoS ONE, 10(12). Hampe, O. (2006). Middle/late Miocene hoplocetine sperm whale remains (Odontoceti: Physeteridae) of North Germany with an emended classification of the Hoplocetinae. Fossil Record, 9(1). Kellogg, R. (1929). A New Fossil Toothed Whale from Florida. American Museum Novitates, Number 389. Kellogg, R. (1925). A Fossil Physeteroid from Santa Barbara County, California. Number 2564, Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum, Vol.66, Article 27. Lambert, O. (2008). Sperm whales from the Miocene of the North Sea: a re-appraisal. Bulletin De L'Institut Royal Des Sciences Naturelles De Belgique, Sciences De La Terre, 28. Lambert, O., G. Bianucci and C. De Muizon (2016). Macroraptorial sperm whales (Cetacea, Odontoceti, Physeteroidea) from the Miocene of Peru. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2016. Lambert, O., et al. (2010). The giant bite of a new raptorial sperm whale from the Miocene epoch of Peru. Nature, Vol.466. Marra, A.C., G. Carone and G. Bianucci (2016). Sperm whale teeth from the late Miocene of Cessaniti (Southern Italy). Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 55(3). Peters, A.M.M. and H.J. Monteiro (2005). A small sperm whale (Cetacea: Odontoceti, Physeteridae) from the Miocene of Antwerp. DEINSEA 11. Superfamily Ziphoidea - Beaked Whales Family Ziphiidae - Beaked Whales Basal Ziphiids Bianucci, G., O. Lambert and K. Post (2010). High Concentration of Long-Snouted Beaked Whales (Genus Messapicetus) from the Miocene of Peru. Palaeontology, Vol.53, Part 5. Bianucci, G., et al. (2016). New beaked whales from the late Miocene of Peru and evidence for convergent evolution in stem and crown Ziphiidae (Cetacea, Odontoceti). PeerJ, 4:e2479. Bianucci, G., et al. (2016). A New Record of Messapicetus from the Pietra Leccese (Late Miocene, Southern Italy): Antitropical Distribution in a Fossil Beaked Whale (Cetacea, Ziphiidae). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.122(1). Lambert, O. (2005). Systematics and phylogeny of the fossil beaked whales Ziphirostrum du Bus, 1868 and Choneziphius Duvernoy, 1851 (Mammalia, Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the Neogene of Antwerp (North of Belgium). Geodiversitas, 27(3). Lambert, O., C. De Muizon and G. Bianucci (2013). The most basal beaked whale Nanoziphius platyrostris Muizon, 1983: clues on the evolutionary history of the family Ziphiidae (Cetacea: Odontoceti). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 167. Lambert, O., et al. (2015). No deep diving: evidence of predation on epipelagic fish for a stem beaked whale from the Late Miocene of Peru. Proc.R.Soc. B, 282. Mijan, I., S. Louwye and O. Lambert (2017). A new Beneziphius beaked whale from the ocean floor off Galicia, Spain and the biostratigraphic assessment of the type species. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 62(X). Post, K. and J.-K. Jensen (2013). On Diamonds, A Mammal Fossil from the Faroe Islands, and the Northernmost Occurrence of Fossil Beaked Whales. Cranium. Post, K., O. Lambert and G. Bianucci (2008). First Record of Tusciziphius crispus (Cetacea, Ziphiidae) from the Neogene of the US East Coast. DEINSEA 12. Ramassamy, B. (2016). Description of a new long-snouted beaked whale from the Late Miocene of Denmark: evolution of suction feeding and sexual dimorphism in the Ziphiidae (Cetacea: Odontoceti). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 178. Subfamily Berardiinae Lambert, O. and S. Louwye (2006). Archaeoziphius microglenoideus, A New Primitive Beaked Whale (Mammalia, Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the Middle Miocene of Belgium.Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26(1). Subfamily Hyperoodontinae Gol'din, P.E. and K.A. Vishnyakova (2013). Africanacetus from the sub-antarctic region: the southernmost record of fossil beaked whales. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 58(3). Mead, J.G. (1975). A Fossil Beaked Whale (Cetacea: Ziphiidae) from the Miocene of Kenya. Journal of Paleontology, Vol.49, Number 4. Wichura, H., et al. (2015). A 17-My-old whale constrains onset of uplift and climate change in east Africa. PNAS, Early edition. Subfamily incertae sedis Bianucci, G., et al. (2005). First Cetacean Fossil Records from Ecuador, Collected from the Miocene of Esmeraldas Province. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.111, Number 2. Dooley, A.C. (2010). A middle Miocene beaked whale tooth (Cetacea: Ziphiidae) from the Carmel Church Quarry, Virginia, and implications for the evolution of sexual dimorphism in ziphiids. Jeffersoniana, Number 24. Lin, A. (2013). Anatomical description and phylogenetic analysis of Miocene beaked whale from the East African Rift Valley, Kenya. Undergraduate Senior Thesis - Southern Methodist University. Subfamily Ziphiinae Bianucci, G. and K. Post (2005). Caviziphius altirostris, a new beaked whale from the Miocene southern North Sea basin. DEINSEA, 11. Lambert, O., G. Bianucci and K. Post (2009). A New Beaked Whale (Odontoceti, Ziphiidae) from the Middle Miocene of Peru. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 29(3). General Ziphiidae Bianucci, G. (1997). The Odontoceti (Mammalia, Cetacea) from Italian Pliocene. The Ziphiidae. Palaeontographia Italica, 84. Bianucci, G., K. Post and O. Lambert (2008). Beaked whale mysteries revealed by seafloor fossils trawled off South Africa. South African Journal of Science - Research Letters, 104. Bianucci, G., et al. (2013). Bizarre fossil beaked whales (Odontoceti, Ziphiidae) fished from the Atlantic Ocean floor off the Iberian Peninsula. Geodiversitas, 35(1). Bianucci, G., et al. (2007). A high diversity in fossil beaked whales (Mammalia, Odontoceti, Ziphiidae) recovered by trawling from the sea floor off South Africa.Geodiversitas, 29(4). Lambert, O., G. Bianucci and K. Post (2010). Tusk-bearing beaked whales from the Miocene of Peru: sexual dimorphism in fossil Ziphiids? Journal of Mammalogy, 91(1). Superfamily Indeterminate Family incertae sedis Lambert, O., De Muizon, C. and G. Bianucci (2015). A new archaic homodont toothed cetacean (Mammalia, Cetacea, Odontoceti) from the early Miocene of Peru. Geodiversitas, 37(1). General Odontoceti Barnes, L.G. (1984). Fossil odontocetes (Mammalia: Cetacea) from the Almejas Formation, Isla Cedros, Mexico. PaleoBios, Number 42. Cassens, I., et al. (2000). Independent adaptation to riverine habitats allowed survival of ancient cetacean lineages. PNAS, Vol.97, Number 21. Estevens, M. and M.T. Antunes (2004). Fragmentary Remains of Odontocetes (Cetacea, Mammalia) from the Miocene of the Lower Tagus Basin (Portugal). Revista Española de Paleontología, 19(1). Flynn, S.S., R.J. Moses and J.H. Connolly (2013). Indications of Periodontal Disease in a Fossil Odontoceti (Mammalia: Cetacea) from the Late Miocene Monterey Formation at San Clemente Island, Southern California. Contributions in Science, 521. Hamilton, H., et al. (2001). Evolution of river dolphins. Proc.R.Soc.B, 268. Lambert, O. (2011). New discoveries of fossil toothed whales from Peru: our changing perspectives of beaked whale and sperm whale evolution. Quad.Mus.St.Nat. Livorno, 23. Marino, L., et al. (2004). Origin and Evolution of Large Brains in Toothed Whales. The Anatomical Record Part A. McKenna, M.F. (2005). Comparative Morphology of the Odontocete Melon: Functional and Evolutionary Interpretations. Masters Thesis - San Diego State University. Mead, J.G. and R.E. Fordyce (2009). The Therian Skull: A Lexicon with Emphasis on the Odontocetes. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, Number 627. Sanchez, J.A. and A. Berta (2009). Comparative anatomy and evolution of the odontocete forelimb. Marine Mammal Science, **(*). (in press) Werth, A.J. (2006). Mandibular and Dental Variation and the Evolution of Suction Feeding in Odontoceti. Journal of Mammalogy, 87(3). General Cetacea Africa/Middle East Gingerich, P.D. (2008). Early Evolution of Whales: A Century of Research in Egypt. in: Elwyn Simons: A Search for Origins, Fleagle, J.G. and C.C. Gilbert (eds). Gingerich, P.D. (1992). Marine Mammals (Cetacea and Sirenia) from the Eocene of Gebel Mokattam and Fayum, Egypt: Stratigraphy, Age and Paleoenvironments. Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Papers on Paleontology, 30. Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Bajpai, S., J.G.M. Thewissen and A. Sahni (2009). The origin and early evolution of whales: macroevolution documented on the Indian Subcontinent. J.Biosci., 34. Matsumoto, H. (1926). On Some Fossil Cetaceans from Japan. Thewissen, J.G.M., et al. (2007). Whales originated from aquatic artiodactyls in the Eocene epoch of India. Nature, Vol.450. Tsai, C.-H., et al. (2013). A Review and Status of Fossil Cetacean Research in Taiwan. TW J. of Biodivers., 15(2). Australia/New Zealand Fitzgerald, E.M.G. (2004). A review of the Tertiary fossil Cetacea (Mammalia) localities in Australia. Memoirs of Museum Victoria, 61(2). Fordyce, R.E. (1978). The Morphology and Systematics of New Zealand Fossil Whales. Ph.D. Thesis - University of Canterbury. Pledge, N.S. (1994). Cetacean fossils from the Lower Oligocene of South Australia. Rec.S.Aust.Mus., 27(2). Scott, H.H. (1913). Notes on a Fossil Whale from Wynyard, Tasmania. P.&P.R.S. Tas., 1913. Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Danise, S. and S. Dominici (2014). A record of fossil shallow-water whale falls from Italy. Lethaia, Vol.47. Estevens, M. and S.P. Avila (2007). Fossil Whales from the Azores. Acoreana, Supl. 5. Mchedlidze, G.A. (1988). Fossil Cetacea of the Caucasus. Smithsonian Institution Libraries and the National Science Foundation. (Click on PDF to download the 168 page book) Pilleri, G. (1990). Miocene cetacean remains from mediterranean Spain. Treb.Mus.Geol. Barcelona, 1. Post, K. and M. Bosselaers (2017). Cetacean fossils from a 1961 expedition at the Schelde estuary, province of Zeeland, The Netherlands. Cainozoic Research, 17(1). North America Allen, G.M. (1921). Fossil Cetaceans from the Florida Phosphate Beds. Journal of Mammalogy, Vol.2, Number 3. Barnes, L.G. (1976). Outline of Eastern North Pacific Fossil Cetacean Assemblages. Systematic Zoology, 25. Boessenecker, R.W. (2013). A new marine vertebrate assemblage from the Late Neogene Purisima Formation in Central California, part II: Pinnipeds and Cetaceans. Geodiversitas, 35(4). Morgan, G.S. (1978). The Fossil Whales of Florida. The Plaster Jacket, Number 29. (Thanks to Nimravus for pointing this one out!) South America/Central America/Caribbean Aguirre-Fernández, G., et al. (2016). 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