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Found 16 results

  1. Elk Horn Fragment

    From the album Some Minnesota ~Fossils

  2. Elk Antler

    From the album Some Minnesota ~Fossils

  3. Elk Antler

    From the album Some Minnesota ~Fossils

  4. Hi all- Today I led a group of Tate Museum members to a shark tooth site for a few hours of collecting. We had a good time and I think all 45 people found at least a few teeth, with many finding many more. Cretaceous shark teeth form Wyoming are not big. This site is one of the few I have found that I can bring a group to and there will still be teeth left after we leave. We had permission from the landowner to do this for a few hours today. At this site, it is somewhat easy to find teeth. It is much harder to find complete ones. I left all mine at work. These are the highlights of my wife's catch. Ptychodus is the most common species to find whole. There's one at the top right position. Here is the site. The highlight for most people was when a herd of elk trotted past us about 1/4 mile away. Oh, did I mention that a few ammonites were found... I did have an unpleasant encounter with a trespassing Harley biker returning from the Sturgis Rally. I am not a fan of bikers and this guy only helped strengthen my bad opinion of them. His travel buddy was much nicer and recognized me from TV, and managed to bring his friend back to the legal side of the fence. I work hard to build good relations with landowners and I do not want it screwed up by an arrogant "I can do whatever I want" {insert cuss word here}. Please get permission from landowners, everyone. The repercussions of not doing so get all of us kicked off of fossil sites. And if you ride a Harley... please be respectful. Hope you like the fossils.
  5. Found in SouthWestern Pennsylvania. I’ve been told this is probably an Elk Astragalus definitely Bovid. How can I rule out cattle? What are the measurements of an Elk Astragalus?
  6. Cervid or Bovid bone?

    Hello - found this damaged bone on a rock bar in southern Minnesota. A triangular piece is broke off the the proximal end. However looking at the other end, which seems intact, it does not look like bovid which is what I usually find...
  7. I just recently bought one of my most expensive fossils and wanted to know if there's anything i need to do to prevent cracking / chipping. Its a partial antler of a Megaloceras giganteus . It came with a card saying it was treated for that but not to keep it in a room with a ton of humidity . anything else i should do , or is it going to be fine?
  8. Megaloceros giganteus

    Again with another one,its Megaloceros giganteus or the Irish Elk.. However i tried something new to add in the background..Something like a swampy background. I dont like it personally but that was only a try..I hope to to improve and fix that in the future. Enjoy
  9. I have some fossil elk vertebrae and I would like to display them upright. Any suggestions for stands that can hold these in a stable way? Thanks
  10. Missouri elk?

    hello! I recently acquired this fossil jaw bone, it was stated that it was an elk fossil found in the Missouri River... I was wondering if anyone could give me an exact species? Also, the person unfortunately went sloppy wild with some 50/50 glue and it's smeared on the jaw bone and even covering some of the chewing surfaces of the teeth. Any hints on the best way to remove some of it?
  11. Need help IDing tooth found in NE Iowa!

    I found this tooth in a dry creek bed in NE Iowa. The area I found it in is unique due to the fact that even though it is surrounded by farmland, the sheer rock bluffs and rock overhangs cut by the little creek over the centuries made this area unsuitable for farming. Northeast Iowa was apparently missed by many of the ice advances during the Ice Age so the area as a whole has a much older surface geology than found anywhere else in the state. The tooth is between 1 1/16” and 1 3/16” in all measurements. It looks too old to be from a cow though I’m sure they have been in the area since first settled. The closest thing I’ve found myself online is a tooth from a prehistoric camel. Any help IDing it would be much appreciated!
  12. Pleistocene Sacrum ID

    So I have been going through mountains of Pleistocene material from Iowa and classifying the material by species. I have a lot of Bison material, Deer, Elk, Stag Moose, Sloth, Beaver (Small and Giant), and much more. I did come across one sacrum that I can not classify. Not sure if it is small bison, Cervalces (Stag Moose), or large Elk. I am sure someone here might be able to help me out. I am much better at those pesky marine reptiles and dinos than the modern mammals. Thanks in advance. Seth
  13. Irish Elk Diagram

    From the album Fossil Diagrams

  14. A mooooving picture

    Fabulous find this site AND this tooth in a present day Minnesota cow pasture on a receded and much eroded creek bank\bed. Love these unexpected treasures but am clueless as to possible identity or age. It's about an inch high and wide. Pics are taken on only option I have, a tablet so I apologize for quality but sure appreciate any thoughts or opinions.
  15. Need some help here, found this jawbone on the beach the other day at Edisto. I think it may be a deer or elk but I have seen pics of sheep , goats and hogs and it resembles them also. Found this cool piece of pottery also about 10 ft away
  16. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since May 3, 2017. Order Artiodactyla Family Cervidae Subfamily Procervulinae DiMiguel, D., B. Azanza and J. Morales (2010). Trophic flexibility within the oldest Cervidae lineage to persist through the Miocene Climatic Optimum. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 289. Subfamily Cervinae - Old-World (plesiometacarpal) Deer Tribe Muntiacini - Muntjacs and Tufted Deer Azanza, B., D. DeMiguel and M. Andres (2011). The antler-like appendages of the primitive deer Dicroceras elegans: morphology, growth cycle, ontogeny, and sexual dimorphism. Estudios Geologicos, 67(2). Colbert, E.H. (1940). Some Cervid Teeth from the Tung Gur Formation of Mongolia, and Additional Notes on the Genera Stephanocemas and Lagomeryx. American Museum Novitates, Number 1062. Colbert, E.H. (1936). Tertiary Deer Discovered by the American Museum Asiatic Expeditions. American Museum Novitates, Number 854. Czyzewska, T. and K. Stefaniak (1994). Euprox furcatus (HENSEL, 1895) (Cervidae, Mammalia) from Przeworno (Middle Miocene, Lower Silesia, Poland). Acta zool., cracov., 37(1). Deng, T., et al. (2014). A new species of Eostyloceros (Cervidae, Artiodactyla) from the Late Miocene of the Linxia Basin in Gansu, China. Zootaxa 3893(3). D*ng, W. and S.-K. Chen (2015). An extraordinary pattern of ruminant molars and associated cervids from the Pleistocene of Wushan, Central China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 53(3). D*ng, W., et al. (2014). New materials of the Late Miocene Muntiacus from Zhaotong hominoid site in southern China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 52(3). Hou, S. (2015). A new species of Euprox (Cervidae, Artiodactyla) from the upper Miocene of the Linxia Basin, Gansu Province, China, with interpretation of its paleoenvironment. Zootaxa, 3911(1). Wang, L.-H. and Z.-Q. Zhang (2011). A New Species of Euprox (Cervidae, Mammalia) from the Middle Miocene of Damiao, Nei Mongol, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 49(4). Wang, X., G. Xie and W. ###### (2009). A new species of crown-antlered deer Stephanocemus (Artiodactyla, Cervidae) from the middle Miocene of Qaidam Basin, northern Tibetan Plateau, China, and a preliminary evaluation of its phylogeny. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 156. Tribe Cervini - "True" Deer Cervini - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Biswas, S. and A. Sonakia (2001). Some Fossils of Deer from the Quaternary Deposits of Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India, Vol.46. Di Stefano, G. and C. Petronio (2000-2002). Systematics and Evolution of the Eurasian Plio-Pleistocene Tribe Cervini (Artiodactyla, Mammalia). Geologica Romana, 36. ######, W. and C. Hu (1994). The Late Miocene Cervidae from Hounao, Yushe Basin, Shanxi. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 32(3).Ghaffer, A., M. Akhtar and A.Q. Nayyer (2011). Evidences of Early Pliocene Fossil Remains of Tribe Cervini (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Cervidae) from the Siwaliks of Pakistan. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 21(4). Ghaffar, A., et al. (2011). Cervus cf. rewati (Cervidae, Mammalia) from the Pliocene Dhok Pathan Formation (Middle Siwaliks), Pakistan. Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol.104/1. Ghaffar, A., et al. (2006). The Oldest Cervid from the Siwalik Hills of Pakistan. Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(1). Gruwier, B., J. de Vos and K. Kovarovic (2015). Exploration of the taxonomy of some Pleistocne Cervini (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Cervidae) from Java and Sumatra (Indonesia): a geometric- and linear morphometric approach. Quaternary Science Reviews, 119. Huang, W. and Y. Li (1989). Two New Species of Fossil Megaloceros from North China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 27(1). Ji, H.-X. (1988). On the Mandible Thickness of Megaceros in China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 26(4). Kahlke, H.D. (1958). On the Evolution of Pachyostosis in Jawbones of Choukoutien Giant-Deer, Megaceros pachyosteus (Young). Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 2(3). Kahlke, H.D. and C.-K. Hu (1957). On the Distribution of Megaceros in China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 1(4). Kubo, M.O., et al. (2015). Palaeoecological reconstruction of Late Pleistocene deer from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan: Combined evidence of mesowear and stable isotope analysis. Palaeontology, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 435. Kuwayama, R., T. Ozawa and H. Otsuka (1998). Fossil red deer Cervus elaphus from the sea-floor of the East China Sea off Amakusa-shimoshima Island, southwestern Kyushu, Japan. Paleontological Research, Vol.2, Number 1. (Article on pages 1-11) Otsuka, H. (1989). Fossil Deer Assemblage from Sea Bottom of Bisan-Seto Area With Special Reference to Their Stratigraphic Positions (Pleistocene Deer Fauna in Seto Inland Sea - Part III). Rep.Fac.Sci., Kagoshima Univ., (Earth Sci. and Biol.), Number 22. Samiullah, K. and M. Akhtar (2007). An Evidence of Cervus punjabiensis from the Lower Siwaliks of the Punjab, Pakistan. Punjab Univ.J.Zool., Vol.22(1-2). Cervini - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Attard, I.R. and J.W.F. Reumer (2009). Taphonomic reinterpretation of of a bone sample of endemic Pleistocene deer from Crete (Greece): osteoporosis versus regurgitation. Palaeodiversity, 2. Barnosky, A.D. (1985). Taphonomy and Herd Structure of the Extinct Irish Elk, Megaloceros giganteus. Science, Vol.228, Issue 4697. Breda, M. (2005). The morphological distinction between the postcranial skeleton of Cervalces/Alces and Megaloceros giganteus and comparison between two Alceini genera from the Upper Pliocene - Holocene of Western Europe. Geobios, 38. Carden, R.F., et al. (2012). Phylogeographic, ancient DNA, fossil and morphometric analysis reveals ancient and modern introductions of a large mammal: the complex case of red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Ireland. Quaternary Science Reviews, 42 (Author's personal copy) Castaños, J., et al. (201X). Osteometric analysis of scapula and humerus for Rangifer tarandus and Cervus elaphus: A contribution to cervid discrimination (Late Pleistocene, Southern Pyrenees). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 5X(X). (Article in review) Croitor, R. (2005). Large-Sized Deer from the Early Pleistocene of South-East Europe. Acta Palaeontologica Romaniae, Vol.4. Croitor, R. (2004). Systematics and phylogeny of large-sized deer of the genus Praemegaceros Portis, 1920 (Cervidae, Mammalia).18th International Senckenberg Conference in Weimar. de Vos, J., et al. (1995). Early Pleistocene Cervidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from the Oosterschelde (the Netherlands), with a revision of the cervid genus Eucladoceros Falconer , 1868. DEINSEA, 2. Di Stefano, G. and C. Petronio (2000-2002). Systematics and Evolution of the Eurasian Plio-Pleistocene Tribe Cervini (Artiodactyla, Mammalia). Geologica Romana, 36. Di Stefano, G., et al. (2015). The Morphometry and the Occurrence of Cervus elephas (Mammalia, Cervidae) from the Late Pleistocene of the Italian Peninsula. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.121, Number 1. Gliozzi, E., A. Malatesta and E. Scalone. Revision of Cervus elephas siciliae Pohlig, 1893, Late Pleistocene Endemic Deer of the Siculo-Maltese District. Geologica Romana, 29. Kaiser, T.M. and R. Croitor (2004). Ecological interpretations of early Pleistocene deer (Mammalia, Cervidae) from Ceyssauguet (Haute-Loire, France).Geodiversitas, 26(4). Kassapis, H., N. Clerides and E. Hadjisterkotis (2005). A new fallow deer fossil site in Cyprus: preliminary results. In: Proceedings of the XXVth International Congress of the International Union of Game Biologists - IUGB and the IXth International Symposium Perdix. Hadjisterkotis, E. (ed)., Vol. 2. Pandolfini, L., L. Maiorino and G. Sansalone (2015). Did the Late Pleistocene climatic changes influence evolutionary trends in body size of the red deer? The study case of the Italian Peninsula. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 440. Sanz, M., J.Daura and J.-P. Brugal (2013). First occurrence of the extinct deer Haploidoceros in the Iberian Peninsula in the Upper Pleistocene of the Cova del Rinoceront (Castelldefels, Barcelona). Comptes Rendus Palevol, xxx-xx. (Article in Press) Stefaniak, K. (1995). Late Pliocene cervids from Weze 2 in southern Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 40(3). Titov, V.V. and A.K. Shvyreva (2016). Deer of the Genus Megaloceros (Mammalia, Cervidae) from the Early Pleistocene of Ciscaucasia. Paleontological Journal, Vol.50, Number 1. van der Geer, A., et al. (2005). The Mounting of a Skeleton of the Fossil Species Candiacervus sp. II from Liko Cave, Crete, Greece. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium "Insular Vertebrate Evolution: The Palaeontological Approach", Alcover, J.A. and P. Bover (eds.). Monografies de la Societat d'Historia Natural de les Balears, 12. van der Geer, A., M. Dermitzakis and J. De Vos Relative growth of the Metapodials in a Juvenile island deer: Candiacervus (Mammalia, Cervidae) from the Pleistocene of Crete. Hellenic Journal of Geosciences, Vol.41. van der Made, J. (2012). The latest Early Pleistocene giant deer Megaloceros novocarthaginiensis n.sp. and the fallow deer Dama cf. vallonnetensis from Cueva Victoria (Murcia, Spain). Mastia, 11-12-13. van der Made, J. and V. Dimitrijevic (2015). Eucladoceros montenegrensis n.sp. and other Cervidae from the Lower Pleistocene of Trlica (Montenegro). Quaternary International, xxx. (Article in Press) Vislobokova, I.A. (2009). A new species of Megacerini (Cervidae, Artiodactyla) from the Late Miocene of Taralyk-Cher, Tuva (Russia), and remarks on the relationships of the group. Geobios, 42. Vislobokova, I.A. (2009). The most ancient megacerine deer from the Late Miocene of Siberia and its implications to the evolution of the group. Palaeoworld, 18(4). General Cervini Lister, A.M., et al. (2005). The phylogenetic position of the 'giant deer' Megaloceros giganteus. Nature, 438(8). Vislobokova, I.A. (2013). Morphology, Taxonomy and Phylogeny of Megacerines (Megacerini, Cervidae, Artiodactyla). Paleontological Journal, Vol.47, Number 8. Subfamily Capreolinae - New-World (telemetacarpal) Deer Tribe Alceini - Eurasian Elk and Moose Breda, M. (2008). Palaeoecology and Palaeoethology of the Plio-Pleistocene Genus Cervalces (Cervidae, Mammalia) in Eurasia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 28(3). Breda, M. (2005). The morphological distinction between the postcranial skeleton of Cervalces/Alces and Megaloceros giganteus and comparison between two Alceini genera from the Upper Pliocene - Holocene of Western Europe. Geobios, 38. Breda, M. (2001). The Holotype of Cervalces gallicus (Azzaroli, 1952) from Sénèze (Haute-Loire, France) with Nomenclatural Implications and Taxonomical-Phylogenetic Accounts. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.107, Number 3. Breda, M. and M. Marchetti (2005). Systematical and biochronological review of Plio-Pleistocene Alceini (Cervidae; Mammalia) from Eurasia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 24. Hundertmark, K.J. and R.T. Bowyer (2004). Genetics, Evolution and Phylogeography of Moose. Alces, Vol.40. Nygrén, K. and P. Porten (1993). Genetic analysis of nasal region polymorphism in European moose (Alces alces Linnaeus). Ann.Zool. Fennici, 30. Stefaniak, K. (2007). Early and Middle Pleistocene elk (Alcinae Jerdon, 1874) from Poland. Acta zoologica cracoviensia, 50A(1-2). Stefeniak, K., et al. (2014). Middle and Late Pleistocene Elks (Cervalces Scott, 1885 and Alces Gray, 1821) from Poland: Palaeoenvironmental and Palaeogeographic Implications. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, Vol.84. Tribe Capreolini - Roe Deer Jiménez-Hidalgo, E. and V.M. Bravo-Cuevas (2015). A roe deer from the Pliocene of Hidalgo, central Mexico. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 60(4). Maldonado, V., et al. (2016). Taphonomic aspects of deer (Mammalia, Cetartiodactyla, Cervidae) remains from a Quaternary cave deposit in Northern Brazil. Journal of Sedimentary Environments, 1(2). Sommer, R.S., et al. (2000). 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