Jump to content

Search the Community

Showing results for tags 'eocene'.

More search options

  • Search By Tags

    Type tags separated by commas.
    Tags should be keywords or key phrases. e.g. carcharodon, pliocene, cypresshead formation, florida.
  • Search By Author

Content Type


  • Fossil Discussion
    • General Fossil Discussion
    • Fossil Hunting Trips
    • Fossil ID
    • Is It Real? How to Recognize Fossil Fabrications
    • Partners in Paleontology - Member Contributions to Science
    • Questions & Answers
    • Fossil of the Month
    • Member Collections
    • A Trip to the Museum
    • Paleo Re-creations
    • Collecting Gear
    • Fossil Preparation
    • Member Fossil Trades Bulletin Board
    • Member-to-Member Fossil Sales
    • Fossil News
  • Gallery
  • Fossil Sites
    • Africa
    • Asia
    • Australia - New Zealand
    • Canada
    • Europe
    • Middle East
    • South America
    • United States
  • Fossil Media
    • Members Websites
    • Fossils On The Web
    • Fossil Photography
    • Fossil Literature
    • Documents


  • Anson's Blog
  • Mudding Around
  • Nicholas' Blog
  • dinosaur50's Blog
  • Traviscounty's Blog
  • Seldom's Blog
  • tracer's tidbits
  • Sacredsin's Blog
  • fossilfacetheprospector's Blog
  • jax world
  • echinoman's Blog
  • Ammonoidea
  • Traviscounty's Blog
  • brsr0131's Blog
  • brsr0131's Blog
  • Adventures with a Paddle
  • Caveat emptor
  • -------
  • Fig Rocks' Blog
  • placoderms
  • mosasaurs
  • ozzyrules244's Blog
  • Sir Knightia's Blog
  • Terry Dactyll's Blog
  • shakinchevy2008's Blog
  • MaHa's Blog
  • Stratio's Blog
  • Phoenixflood's Blog
  • Brett Breakin' Rocks' Blog
  • Seattleguy's Blog
  • jkfoam's Blog
  • Erwan's Blog
  • Erwan's Blog
  • Lindsey's Blog
  • marksfossils' Blog
  • ibanda89's Blog
  • Liberty's Blog
  • Liberty's Blog
  • Back of Beyond
  • St. Johns River Shark Teeth/Florida
  • Ameenah's Blog
  • gordon's Blog
  • West4me's Blog
  • West4me's Blog
  • Pennsylvania Perspectives
  • michigantim's Blog
  • michigantim's Blog
  • lauraharp's Blog
  • lauraharp's Blog
  • micropterus101's Blog
  • micropterus101's Blog
  • GPeach129's Blog
  • nicciann's Blog
  • Olenellus' Blog
  • nicciann's Blog
  • maybe a nest fossil?
  • Deep-Thinker's Blog
  • Deep-Thinker's Blog
  • bear-dog's Blog
  • javidal's Blog
  • Digging America
  • John Sun's Blog
  • John Sun's Blog
  • Ravsiden's Blog
  • Jurassic park
  • The Hunt for Fossils
  • The Fury's Grand Blog
  • julie's ??
  • Hunt'n 'odonts!
  • falcondob's Blog
  • Monkeyfuss' Blog
  • cyndy's Blog
  • pattyf's Blog
  • pattyf's Blog
  • chrisf's Blog
  • chrisf's Blog
  • nola's Blog
  • mercyrcfans88's Blog
  • Emily's PRI Adventure
  • trilobite guy's Blog
  • xenacanthus' Blog
  • barnes' Blog
  • myfossiltrips.blogspot.com
  • HeritageFossils' Blog
  • Fossilefinder's Blog
  • Fossilefinder's Blog
  • Emily's MotE Adventure
  • farfarawy's Blog
  • Microfossil Mania!
  • A Novice Geologist
  • Southern Comfort
  • Eli's Blog
  • andreas' Blog
  • Recent Collecting Trips
  • The Crimson Creek
  • Stocksdale's Blog
  • andreas' Blog test
  • fossilman7's Blog
  • Hey Everyone :P
  • fossil maniac's Blog
  • Piranha Blog
  • xonenine's blog
  • xonenine's Blog
  • Fossil collecting and SAFETY
  • Detrius
  • pangeaman's Blog
  • pangeaman's Blog
  • pangeaman's Blog
  • Jocky's Blog
  • Jocky's Blog
  • Kehbe's Kwips
  • RomanK's Blog
  • Prehistoric Planet Trilogy
  • mikeymig's Blog
  • Western NY Explorer's Blog
  • Regg Cato's Blog
  • VisionXray23's Blog
  • Carcharodontosaurus' Blog
  • What is the largest dragonfly fossil? What are the top contenders?
  • Hihimanu Hale
  • Test Blog
  • jsnrice's blog
  • Lise MacFadden's Poetry Blog
  • BluffCountryFossils Adventure Blog
  • meadow's Blog
  • Makeing The Unlikley Happen
  • KansasFossilHunter's Blog
  • DarrenElliot's Blog
  • jesus' Blog
  • A Mesozoic Mosaic
  • Dinosaur comic
  • Zookeeperfossils
  • Cameronballislife31's Blog
  • My Blog
  • TomKoss' Blog
  • A guide to calcanea and astragali
  • Group Blog Test
  • Paleo Rantings of a Blockhead
  • Dead Dino is Art
  • The Amber Blog
  • TyrannosaurusRex's Facts
  • PaleoWilliam's Blog
  • The Paleo-Tourist
  • The Community Post
  • Lyndon D Agate Johnson's Blog
  • BRobinson7's Blog
  • Eastern NC Trip Reports
  • Toofuntahh's Blog
  • Pterodactyl's Blog
  • A Beginner's Foray into Fossiling
  • Micropaleontology blog
  • Pondering on Dinosaurs
  • Fossil Preparation Blog
  • On Dinosaurs and Media
  • cheney416's fossil story
  • jpc
  • Red-Headed Red-Neck Rock-Hound w/ My Trusty HellHound Cerberus
  • Red Headed
  • Paleo-Profiles


  • Calendar


  • Annelids
  • Arthropods
    • Crustaceans
    • Insects
    • Trilobites
    • Other Arthropods
  • Brachiopods
  • Cnidarians (Corals, Jellyfish, Conulariids )
    • Corals
    • Jellyfish, Conulariids, etc.
  • Echinoderms
    • Crinoids & Blastoids
    • Echinoids
    • Other Echinoderms
    • Starfish and Brittlestars
  • Forams
  • Graptolites
  • Molluscs
    • Bivalves
    • Cephalopods (Ammonites, Belemnites, Nautiloids)
    • Gastropods
    • Other Molluscs
  • Sponges
  • Bryozoans
  • Other Invertebrates
  • Ichnofossils
  • Plants
  • Chordata
    • Amphibians & Reptiles
    • Birds
    • Dinosaurs
    • Bony Fishes
    • Mammals
    • Sharks & Rays
    • Other Chordates
  • *Pseudofossils ( Inorganic objects , markings, or impressions that resemble fossils.)

Found 724 results

  1. Hi all, my wife found this impressive vertebra on the beach at Walton-on-the-Naze this morning. Apart from it being from a bony fish, is there any way of narrowing down the species? It is from the London Clay deposits (Ypresian / early Eocene).
  2. American Fossil Quarry Part 2

    Had a phenomenal time digging up Eocene freshwater vertebrae fossils in Wyoming this past weekend at @sseth and @FossilDudeCO famous American Fossil Quarry. Managed to convince my cousin, his two sons, and my family to join. @sseth set us up with our own rocks to split and he was very informative, showing us how to split the rock and what to look for. We all had a really good time. Here are some of the highlights. Matt's two sons Logan and Wesley had a blast. Here's their cart full of Knightia's. A sneak peak at some of the multi slabs I hauled away. On the bottom is a slab with five complete fish. There's one hiding in the sun and another top right that needs to be prepared out. Some of the finds. Some of these fish need some prep work to fully uncover. A personal favorite was the largest Diplomystus I have ever found. I should of put something in the picture for scale but this fish is nearly a foot wide. The heartbreaker of the day was this well preserve Mioplosus. The top and bottom halves of the head are missing! Still a nice looking fish and I'll use it for referencing the species in the years to come. Wesley holding up a decent sized Knightia. A view of the limestone rocks we were splitting. @sseth recovered a crocodile tooth from a small slab such as the ones pictured here some time ago. Matt trimming down his finds on the rock saw. My cousin Matt and his son Wesley showing off some of their prized fish. A front view of the rock quarry. There's a lot to offer at the site. Wes lining up fish for his dad to cut. Matt sawing away. The remains of the slabs after we split them down. We kept revisiting and respiting slabs. It was a lot of fun. The Seth clan hanging out under the shade, escaping the hot sun and dust. Couldn't resist snapping this photo. I really need to get one of these decals. @sseth on the left side. He was super helpful in showing us what to look for. That Mososaur skull on his shirt was recovered my him in Morocco. That is super neat. I'm holding up a large Knightia near Logan and Wes. Matt and his sons getting pumped to descend 50 million years into the Eocene. At 9:00am we were among the first on sight and we were all super excited to get to the digging and exploring. Wes (left) and Logan (right) braving the dust and sun to find Eocene fossils. Have to start them off young! Having dinner at a local Mexican restaurant in Kemmerer. The food was really good. We ordered Carne Asada that came with spicy salsa. Matt kept telling the waitress to bring out the "Gringo" salsa.
  3. Lit.: Smith, K. (2009) Eocene lizards of the clade Geiseltaliellus from Messel and Geiseltal, Germany, and the Early Radiation of Iguanidae (Reptilia: Squamata). Peabody Museum of Natural History Yale University Bulletin, 50(2), October 2009: 219-306.
  4. prep of a great find

    Here some pictures of my FOTM prep. Unfortunely, I have no pictures of the skull prep. Only the mandible
  5. Good Evening Everyone, I have a few teeth (4) from the Eocene/Miocene of Florida .... Suwannee River. (1) Carcharhinus sp. (2) Hemipristis serra (1) Isurus desori (i believe) The hemi is probably the largest I own but trades are fun. I'm mostly looking for if possible a tooth or two (?) in trade .. not really that picky .. except that they have color,marbling,scarring,staining of some sort. Doesn't really have to be a 'shark' tooth either ... I know that sounds specific but I've been exploring color and irregularities in the teeth. Mother nature's art-form so to speak. If any of this sounds interesting lets chat. International is fine too .... Cheers, Brett
  6. Got some very bad news today. First very sad, then confused, then mad. Mixed myself a whiskey and cola at 7:20 this morning and went out to the garage and picked out 4 crab concretions. The very first one I read wrong! Fixed it and grabbed another. Read this 2 one right and also the 3rd and 4th. Done prepping for the day even thought its quite early but nice to have so many crabs ready to go. First and second picture is the same conc. Dug a hole, found ventral, turned it over and fixed it. 3rd photo is the second concretion. Found dorsal. Last photo is all 4 concs ready to go. RB
  7. insect in Baltic amber

    Hello everyone! Thanks to the generous @caldigger I have received my very first fossil insect, and I was wondering if anyone can help me identify it further - it's in Baltic amber from Palanga, Lithuania, and it's from the Eocene. Here are some pictures: Thanks so much! Monica
  8. Major shift in marine life occurred 33 million years later in the South. British Antarctic Survey, May 17, 2018 https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/05/180517081829.htm Fossil find of 33-million-year-old sea lilies in outback WA challenges major palaeontology theory By Lisa Morrison University of Western Australia, May 22, 2018 http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-05-23/sea-lily-fossil/9790656 The open access paper is: Rowan J. Whittle, Aaron W. Hunter, David J. Cantrill, and Kenneth J. McNamara. Globally discordant Isocrinida (Crinoidea) migration confirms asynchronous Marine Mesozoic Revolution. Communications Biology, 2018; 1 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s42003-018-0048-0 https://www.nature.com/articles/s42003-018-0048-0 Yours, Paul H.
  9. I found this fossils in South-West Kazahstan. Thit shark teeth was found in eocene layers. The tooth size is 1-1.5 santimeters. I use coin for scale I can not determine what species it is? Help!
  10. Couple of Eocene Cuties

    These little ones are from the Eocene in SE North Carolina, Castle Hayne Formation, not sure what they are. Second one appears to have some root damage.Help please? scale is in mm. Thanks.
  11. I've found a couple of listings of archaeocete teeth frags from Harleyville, South Carolina on a fossil seller. I know that Basilosaurus cetoides, Zygorhiza kochii, and Dorudon serratus all exist in this area, with a couple of examples of all three having been found there (now in Charleston Museum collection). However, is there a way to differentiate between them when it comes to teeth, specifically incisors? Some images of the listings are below. First tooth measures 2.6 inches. Second tooth measures 2.2 inches, but is a frag so I imagine that it may be much bigger if restored. Third tooth measures 3.75 inches.
  12. No Prep Crab!!!

    Here is a small crab concretion I found many years ago, probably about 16 or 17 years. This crab you can see the arms of the crab sticking out of the concretion. This crab comes from Oregon and is in some of the hardest rock ive ever delt with!!! I saved this one for my collection just to show an unprepped crab from this local. About 90 miles away, you can find the same species of crab, but in a totally different and much softer rock. Here are pictures of both. These are known as Orbitoplax weaveri and Eocene in age. RB
  13. no mean feet

    1,7 Mb 1646_Haug_180331.pdf there are uglier fossils around,and less well preserved ones...
  14. What is This ?

    Any idea what this might be ? Boney fish vert frag ? Found in NE Cape Fear River in SE North Carolina . This site has produced Oligocene, Eocene, and Cretaceous fossils. The scale is mm. Thanks.
  15. Montbrook Florida Fossil Dig

    So, I volunteered to help excavate Gomphotheres or Rhinos or something from 6-10 myas under the guidance of Richard Hulbert and the University of Florida's Paleontology department. Yesterday was the last day of the October, 2017 to May 2018 digging season. It is intended to avoid the wet and rainy season. I am pleased that my work would help advance the dig, but I volunteered because I thought that I would enjoy it, and I did. I was given great directions and I arrived at the site just before 10 am. It was on a Horse/Cattle farm out in the middle of rural Florida. It was basically flat land leading to a hole surrounded at various points with Sandbags. Richard distributed volunteers to work on the accomplishment of 4 tasks: Excavate and Plaster Jacket 1 Rhino Adult Skull, 1 Gomph Baby/Juvenile skeleton, 1 Rhino baby skeleton, a femur and humerus from 1 or 2 Gomphs. I was assigned along with John, to assist an experienced volunteer, Susan in working on the baby Rhino skeleton. The Skull had not yet been found. After 2 hours of scrapping and digging around the skeleton mass with a screwdriver, we had the start of discovery trenches. If we found any small bones (usually toe or ankle bones, fish vertebrae, catfish spines, and some turtle shell and bones), we bagged them separately. Had we found anything that might be part of our rhino, we would have left it for inclusion in the plastic jacket) . Here is a photo of Susan and John as we were digging: The Rhino is between them. After about 2 hours, we reached a problem: Both trenches, mine and John's had bones in them: Richard came over to advise. I was trenching on the left, Richard's foot is next to the start of a Gomph bone going UNDER the Rhino skeleton. On the right, John s starting to uncover many bones. Richard suggested that I dig under and around the Gomph bone to see if it ended shortly and whether we had a possibility of extracting it without damage to the Rhino. He suggested that John pursue a slightly different path trying to avoid the bones. Unfortunately, John exposed the baby Rhino's bones above but could not find a clear path and I could not find a way to extract the Gomph bone. Because this was the last day and we had little or no flexibility, Richard decided to repack the baby rhino with sand, then sandbags, then more dirt/clay and finally a tarp to attempt protection from weather and floods in the wet season.. Well, maybe next time. However, the other 3 tasks were completed !!! Here is that other Adult Rhino Skull excavated, trenched, in the process of being plaster jacketed. Wrapped in a plaster jacket. After the plaster dries, Richard used a sledge hammer to drive 2 shovel heads under the Adult Rhino skull, and break thru the underlying sand and clay. Then roll it over into a steel web meshing, still a couple of steel rods thru the web mesh and get 6 pall bearers to carry the remains up the hill to the Museum van. I was one of those 6. We had a nice day, overcast to keep it a little cooler. I left at 3 pm with a 5 hour drive home. The driving rains started at about 4 pm and continued for the rest of the day. All in all, a great weekend.
  16. The Ocala Limestone Formation is a relatively pure carbonate (90% to 95%) limestone that was deposited in a shallow, marine environment. The thickness of the unit in Florida’s central peninsula is typically less than 90 feet. The age of the Ocala Limestone is late Eocene or about 35 million years old. This geologic age is based on correlation using macro-invertebrates and microfossils with well-dated rocks of the middle and western Gulf Coastal Plain. In the Haile Quarries, exposed in section, is a portion of the upper Ocala Limestone, formerly named the Crystal River Formation. I joined a field trip from 9am to 2pm Saturday into this Eocene era Haile Quarry. @MikeR also represented TFF. I had been to Haile Quarry previously in October, 2015. Some sights from the quarry on this 2018 trip. The Quarry is a BIG hole, high walls, lakes in the bottom, with piles of gravel, sand, clay, and limestone scattered around. Just walk around doing surface hunting. It is just too brutally hot to dig or climb. I walked this path next to the water, thinking that the extra moisture and muddy areas might expose some fossils. It was pretty clear that I had competition. But I figured he/she would only get the small echinoids. The best chances are for Echinoids, seashells, crabs, coral, and maybe sponges. There are also a lot of shell endocasts. This was a little strange. I was not finding a lot of fossils, but almost immediately after taking this photo of the butterfly, I spotted this Shark tooth fragment with colors out of sync with its surroundings. @Harry Pristishas made an excellent case for an Eocene era extinct Mackerel Shark. http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/84574-florida-eocene-shark/&tab=comments#comment-906155 I could not be more pleased than to have found a Florida Eocene shark tooth. Then a number of other finds, shells Endocasts, Something that looks like a sponge, Echinoids, It is likely that the 1st is Eupatagus antillarum and the second may be Oligipygus phelani. I really enjoy these field trips with good people and the real possibility of a surprise (like a Mackerel Shark tooth) while looking for Echinoids.
  17. Florida Eocene Shark

    I was out on a field trip into an Eocene Florida Quarry. I found what we were supposed to find: Echinoids; seashells; fossilized sponges. Others found Crabs like Ocalina Floridana. Then I picked up this broken shark tooth. There is no fossilized shark tooth like this in any of the Florida areas (non_Eocene) that I hunt. So this is a first for me. Looks a little like a Mako but it has a cusp AND the cusp has a cusp. So, what is this Shark tooth, and can I buy one also found in the state of Florida?
  18. Stroke Crabs #2

    Aaaaaaaalrighty then. I havent been out in the prep garage too much, but went out today and picked out 4 "iffy' concretions. One looked better than the rest, so,,, started on that one. This is what happened. Might be a good crab? Oh, this concretion is 2nd from the left. Looks to have a 'rear end', thats always a good thing! Time will tell for the rest of the crab? RB
  19. Ichnofossil ID

    Hello, I found these ichnofossils in a Eocene formation. Can you help me identifying them? Thank you
  20. Stroke Crabs

    Its been a tuff 3 weeks with this dang stroke, but ive been out n the garage twice now and did some prep. Im a bit slower nowadays, but super really nice to get out to the garage, (Prep Lab). Here is 3 concretions. One turned out to be a BFN!! I hate those, but its very common. I hit carapace on the other two. Im gunna need some time to get these finished, but the good thing for me is that Its practice that will get me good enough to finish up that Tumido I was working on before this happened. More pics later as I get out to the garage and do more prep. RB
  21. The winter is over.

    Again with the lips stuck to the mud. It is a good position to meditate while collecting small corals. I remembered @Kim Texan and @Coco, they liked these little Astrocoenia numisma. The gastropod I think it's Solarium. If not, someone will correct me, for sure. We always bring a little friend of the corals at home. Nobody is perfect. I also remembered @HansTheLoser. GAB2, Hans, you know. By the way, Hans, summer is coming. Do not forget something you owe me. Greetings to all.
  22. Easter in the Eocene in England

    Hello all, This is my first posting on the forum, but I have been avidly consuming its contents for quite a while. To start off, I thought members might like to hear of my recent visit to one of England's finest sites for Eocene sharks teeth: Beltinge, near Herne Bay in Kent in the far south-east of Britain. I was born a few miles along the coast and, in my youth, was aware of the possibility of finding fossils at Beltinge, but never discovered much during a few half-hearted teenage searches. My mother still lives where I grew up and I take my family to see her four or five times a year. During these holidays we spend as much time as possible scouring the beaches for fossils and other beach treasures. Our latest trip at Easter coincided with some of the lowest tides of the year. Combined with favourable winds and a fine weather forecast it looked like we might get lucky... Beltinge is famous for its sharks teeth which are eroded out of the 'Beltinge Fish Bed' where it is exposed on the foreshore. As such, fossil hunting is entirely tidal dependent and the best conditions occur when the lowest tides coincide with offshore winds; the retreating sea reveals areas of the beach that are usually submerged. On good days there can be several dozen people searching and it's not unknown for coach loads of Dutch, Belgian or German enthusiasts to descend on the best areas. There is plenty of beach to search but the most productive areas are exposed for less than an hour so competition can get a bit fierce and the tide waits for no man... To maximise my chances of success I had a few tricks up my sleeve. The lowest tides over the Easter period were all very early in the morning so I had packed my high-powered fell-running headtorch. The plan was to head down before sunrise, get on the beach as the tide receded and start searching by torchlight. I assumed nobody else would be as keen, most sensible people waiting until it was properly light. Thus I was rather surprised, when I arrived at the car park at 04:30hrs, to see a small bright light in the darkness, bobbing down the path below me towards the beach. It didn't take me long to get kitted up and fully equipped to set out and follow the unknown stranger down onto the foreshore. The tide was already heading out very quickly and there were plenty of patches of pebbles and shingle to search through. I had not tried hunting by torchlight before and soon discovered it wasn't as easy as I hoped; I needed to keep the beam at the correct angle to prevent it reflecting back off the glistening sand and rockpools and temporarily blinding me. Fossils were proving elusive but the favoured areas were not yet exposed. By the time the sun finally rose at 06:38hrs I had found around twenty small and mostly broken teeth and a fragment of chimaera mouth part; not a lot to show for nearly two hours of searching. Sunrise over Reculver Towers at low tide, 06:38hrs Good Friday 30th March 2018. The only other pre-dawn 'enthusiast' can be made out crouched by the tideline at the left; he has found what is usually the best area. It was a relief to turn off my headtorch and look using natural light. It was now dead low tide. The other person was already sorting through the best exposure and I joined him, starting from the opposite end. The pebble and shingle bank was mostly clear of sediment. Sharks teeth started appearing as if by magic, most of them lying on the surface and very obvious. Quite frequently I would spot one and then notice two or three more as I reached down to pick it up. My collection pot was starting to feel 'weighty' and the buzz from finding so many made me forget my aching back and neck. So far I haven't mentioned the techniques required for finding stuff at Beltinge. Everyone seems to do it slightly differently, but basically it involves crouching or kneeling down and peering intently at the patches of shingle, picking up whatever you spot and popping it into a pot to be examined later once the tide has covered up the beach. There is no point wasting valuable time cleaning and checking every item when the tide is inexorably advancing. Some people use a kneeling pad, others don't. A few prefer to put spoonfulls of shingle into a sieve, rinse them in the sea and them check through the contents. Tweezers, tongs, forceps, blunt knives and other implements can be used as aids to pick up the fossils but fingertips are just as effective although they can get very cold. Whatever method is used you can't avoid getting a very sore back and neck from stooping down. / Can you spot it? A fairly typical find in a pretty standard situation. By 07:30hrs several other people have joined us on the beach, all searching in the best area, but the tide has started coming back in and it's now a race against time. I notice a chap working a little further east along the beach. He is using a large circular panning sieve and concentrating on an area of shelly shingle very different in texture to the pebble bank. His name is Tim and he tells me he has been 'harvesting' the teeth for nearly 40 years. He can no longer look using the usual methods as his back and knees won't allow it and his eyesight is no longer good enough either. He produces a sizeable handful of sharks teeth from his coat pocket and it's clear his method is very efficient; most of them are large and complete! He has also found four bony fish vertebrae and a large piece of chimaera jaw. The advancing waters push us further and further up the beach and the rate of finds drops rapidly as we are confined to areas that have been scoured many times. There are still surprises to be discovered and I'm delighted to stumble across a large, if somewhat battered, Otodus tooth. These are not common at Beltinge and it's only the second example I have ever found. Otodus obliquus, or minimeg as my 12 year old son likes to call it. Before the waters consume all the best areas I put my second secret weapon into action. I have brought along a bucket, a garden trowel and a 1mm metal kitchen sieve. I use these to collect as much suitable shingle and small pebble patches as I can from around the boulders and beds, which I can then sort through at my leisure once we return home after the holiday. There's nothing like being able to continue the hunt when you're 200 miles from the sea and you don't have to worry about the tide coming in! Eventually, all the other fossil hunters depart and I'm left on my own. The tide has covered almost all the foreshore; only The Rand is left exposed. This is the local name for a large raised bank of pebbles and mussels that juts out perpendicularly into the sea. It used to be a prime site for fossils but the building of sea defences, discovery of King Ragworm by bait diggers and encroachment by invasive American Slipper Limpets have resulted in it becoming resistant to wave action and far less productive for fossil hunters. Still, it's the only area remaining and I have found some nice pieces there in the past. I search, mostly in vain, until the tide finally reclaims the last outcrops and I'm forced off the beach onto the promenade. It's now 09:00hrs, the weather is gorgeous - sunny, calm and warm - and the seafront has been claimed by dog walkers, joggers and cyclists so I head home for a well-earned breakfast. Later on in the day I wash all the finds in fresh water and lay them out on kitchen towel to dry before sorting through them. It's been a very successful morning. The break down of finds is as follows: Striatolamia macrota 71 (11 complete) Carcharias hopei 46 (7 complete) Palaeohypotodus rutoti 6 (2 complete) Sylvestrilamia teretidens 2 complete Odontaspis winkleri 2 (1 complete) Chimaera jaw fragment 4 Ray dental plate piece 1 Turtle carapace fragment 1 Striatolamia macrota. A big anterior. Striatolamia macrota. Some very tiny laterals (mm scale bar) So ends day one. The early start was definitely worth it. I have never experienced such a low tide and the potential it uncovers. I still have four more days to go. Can't wait until tomorrow...
  23. Tooth Identification

    Hi Folks, I recently acquired a Sharkstooth from Charles County Maryland. I was told it was found North of the 301 bridge on the Potomac River. Anyway this area of Maryland I rarely collect so I picked up this 2.05” tooth on a trade. Just looking to confirm the Identification on this beauty of a tooth. Thanks Calvert Cliff Dweller
  24. Hi, It's been a while since I've put anything up on here so it figured it would a good time to share some of my finds from this spring so far. With such a productive winter the start of this spring on the Bouldnor Fm. coast was a bit slow with several trips in which little was found (odd for what is usually a heavily productive site) but as March and April came round the finds started coming in faster and better. Access at Bouldnor is now very dangerous and pretty much impassable due to thick and deep silt and mud which has covered part of the beach (which I found out the hard way trying to get through), along with two recent cliff falls which have brought several oak trees down onto the beach. Hamstead and Cranmore are as good as ever with a lot of the winter's mudflows now eroding away and making the foreshore a lot easier. (Hamstead Ledge on a spring low tide) Mammal finds have been pretty nice so far this spring, as usual all Bothriodon, and alongside them I've also made some nice alligator and turtle finds including two partial Emys in-situ in the Upper Hamstead Mbr. Here are some of the highlights: 1. More pieces of the large Bothriodon mandible I first found in January have turned up scattered over the same area. I now have part of the hinge, two sections with P2 - M3 and a part of the underside of the mandible from further forward. I regularly check the site on my collecting trips so hopefully yet more of the jaw will turn up. (The positions of the fragments may be slightly off in the image below but it gives a general idea) 2. Bothriodon caudal vertebra. This is one of my favourite finds from this spring. I was originally excavating a small micro-vertebrate site when I felt the tool make contact with a large bone, I dug a bit deeper into the clay and found this vertebra with the processes fragmented around it. Luckily with a bit of super glue the processes were easily reunited with the vertebral body, after 33 million years apart. Unfortunately I couldn't locate the other transverse process or neural spine in the matrix nearby so I think they may have been broken off on the Oligocene coastal plain. 3. Bothriodon upper molar in a fragment of maxilla 4. Section of Bothriodon mandible with a nice mental foramen. Unfortunately no in-situ teeth with this one. 5. Section of mammalian limb bone with evidence of rodent gnawing. This was an in-situ find eroding out of the Upper Hamstead Mbr. on the foreshore. Gnaw marks like these are really common on in-situ material especially on limb bones. I don't think the rodents were scavenging the flesh off the bones, more likely they were extracting calcium and phosphate or were simply using it to grind down their continually growing incisors. Either way it shows that for at least a period a lot of these bones were exposed to the elements and accessible to the variety of rodents present on the coastal plain. 6. Nice quality Bothriodon intermedial phalange 7. Large Diplocynodon alligator frontal bone Thanks for reading, and I hope you enjoyed the finds! Theo
  25. I didn’t really intend to go fossil hunting today, but fossil hunting just happens sometimes. I go to church on Saturdays. After church my daughter and I headed out towards Athens, Texas to see the Bluebonnets. Often they are just amazing out that way, but for whatever reason they were somewhat scant out that direction. They even have a wildflower festival out that way, primarily in honor of the bluebonnets and Indian paintbrushes. The two often are seen growing together. On the way back on highway 175 I saw a large pond with erosion all around it. I was on the freeway and had to loop back around to get back to it off the service road. I had never explored this area or formation. It looked really sandy and I typically don’t find any fossils in the sandy areas around here, if I do they seem to be marine Cretaceous environments. Today was different. The area was the Calvert Bluff formation in Henderson county, Texas, which is Eocene. It was a very windy day. There were a number of wild flowers around. Most were being blown by the wind and wouldn’t hold still for me. I got blurry pics of several and some where the flower was out of the shot from the wind blowing it. So I had to hold them with my hands to get the shot. These are called Indian paintbrushes. This is called crimson clover. This is some other flower in bloom on a shrub. Sorry it is out of focus. The wind was blowing so hard. This was not taken at the site. It was taken on the drive around that day. It is taken through my windshield along the freeway. It is the shoulder covered with bluebonnets, but it is not an uncommon site. The Texas highway department seeds the shoulders with them. Here are a few shots of the exposure. It looks like a mini Bryce Canyon in the making. There was even a little arch maybe 15 inches tall. When I first started looking for fossils I was finding some dark marine shell material, but there were piles of gravel above the exposure I was looking at. Some of the gravel had been washed down into the exposure and was mixed in with it. I couldn’t tell what was what. So I moved further down the exposure to a place where no gravel was seen. I wasn’t seeing any fossils at the top of the exposure so I worked my way to the bottom where it leveled into a sand bed. I assumed if any were present there would be some at the bottom. The first thing I found were little, thin whiteish chips about the size of my fingernail. At first I thought they might be broken pieces of PVC (plastic plumbing tube), but looking closely they looked almost like fresh wood, but they were too hard and definitely not plastic or PVC. I continued looking and found slivers about an inch long. I came to a place with a dozen or so little chips and picked them up. I found more in other places, but they were basically the same and also small. I walked on and then saw a pile of iron sandstone. On top of the sandstone were 2 larger pieces of the petrified wood. One was loose. The other was still partially embedded in the slab of sandstone. You can see it here in the pic below, on the bottom left, but the sandstone and tip of the wood were covered by sand. I brushed the sand away. The sandstone was largely eroded and the piece was easily extracted. It is about 12 cm long. That is one thing I have never seen, petrified wood embedded in sandstone. Whatever fossils I have seen in such iron dense sandstone have been heavily pyratized and basically crumbled when you attempted to extract them. I hiked around 1/2 of the exposure, but didn’t see more wood. I saw an iron rich sandstone on the far side of the pond and worked my way to it, but didn’t find more pet wood. I found tubes of red sandstone standing upright that were hollowed out on top and through the center. Generally they were 1 inch tall and 1-3 cm in diameter with a hole of 3 mm to 1.5 cm in diameter. I did find one such tube that was about 7 inches long and 1.5 cm in diameter. These were unusual. I haven’t seen them in Texas before, but I haven’t been in this formation before either. I’m not sure if the tubes were some sort of fossil remains of burrows or tube worms or if they were a geologic form. I’m going with geologic form since the fossils I found were wood. I did find one fragment of a large oyster, but since it was the only marine fossil I found I tend to think it may have been a contaminating item somehow. My daughter is good natured and has a very pleasant disposition, but she doesn’t enjoy fossil hunting that much, unless ammonites are involved. She goes along with me, because she enjoys being with me and enjoys my company and humors my fossil hunting escapades. She does enjoy certain aspects of the outdoors though. From there I headed towards Cedar Hill State Park on Joe Pool Lake. We were going to hike some of the trails and do a little exploring, but to our disappointment ALL the trails were closed! Evidently they were doing some controlled burns and prairie restoration and had closed all trails. I was in shock and didn’t even think to ask when they would reopen. They only had 3 areas on the lake that were open and all the campgrounds and that was it. We went to the boardwalk. This is my daughter walking the boardwalk. The wind was blowing quite strong. I love how her hair looks as it’s being blown by the wind. There were people on the boardwalk that crosses the wetlands off the lake. Some were out for a stroll and others were fishing. You can see fishing polls on the far left. We walked the boardwalk and then strolled along the beach. The wind was blowing so strong as to make it not that enjoyable. We walked and then sat looking through the pebbles and sand for fossils. We didn’t see a whole lot. There were many tiny Inoceramus clam fragments. I found a tiny piece of coral and a cool looking ammonite fragment and that was about it. It was getting close to sunset and we had a 45 min drive home from there. So, we left and headed to Braum’s, an ice cream place. I always take her to Braum’s after hiking or fossil hunting so there is a treat or reward at the end to look forward to.