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Found 41 results

  1. Well it seems that St. Clair is closed for fossil fern digging but I wanted to know if anyone had a status on Carbondale. I found this: The website that @Fossildude19 appears to be outdated. I also found: Sue used to live in PA and her specialty was ferns. I sent her a message about her discoveries and locations. Hopefully Carbondale isn't closed to the public. There has to be some place in eastern PA that is open to the public that has some decent ferns.
  2. I was interested in driving up to Pottsville, PA to look for some fern fossils around St Clair. From reading: and then: It seems that the sites around St Clair are now owned by Reading Anthracite a coal company and that digging or collecting of the ground is strictly prohibited. I also found this: That implies a $125 permit for going onto their property to do things such as ATV and bike. Nowhere on there do I see anything that mentions digging or collecting fossils but from the previous post I gather that such activities are prohibited. My question is two-fold: 1. There has to be somewhere close to St Clair that is full of fern fossils. Would someone mind sharing the location? I would be willing to mail this individual some of the finds and some of these finds would be going to a university. None of them would be for sale. 2. Would anyone be willing to make the trip with me? I could even pick you up and cover gas as I do have a Prius. My current location is Washington DC. Thanks everyone. I know there has to be some ferns still out there.
  3. Im really a rock and mineral collector, but gone on fossil trips when i get a chance, and pick up some here n there i find. Im finally getting around to picturing my rocks and cataloging them, and fossils im less an expert. So i would like more information to properly name and catalog them. So any help would be greatful. All of these i have found myslelf. TRILOBITES The first 2 pictures im sure is a trilobite, i found it at Deer Lake, Pa. im thinking a Hollardops or Greenops type? Third picture a trilobite, but probally not enough to identify what type? 4th picture maybe a trilobite head of some kind? PLANTS First picture, i found this in Wilkes Barre, Pa. which is a very high coal producing area. I believe this is a Lepidodendron Tree Casting? 2nd picture some type of tree bark? (Deer Lake, Pa.). 3rd plant picture, maybe lepidodendron leaves? 4th picture, a fern, but what kind of fern is this? these fern leaves look really full and big, and alot i have seen are skinnier and not as full? Any help naming all would be appriciated, give it a shot for me, I will call this round one. Thanks Paul.
  4. This is my round 2, of things i found, and helping me properly name and catalog them. First picture, i think is some kind of coral? 2nd picture - Coral also maybe? kinda looks like little suction cup suckers? 3rd picture - Some kinda spiral shell? 4th picture - Another type of shell 5th picture - probally some type of clam shell, i was excited at first and thought it was a crab top shell. 6th picture - I find alot of these types, a shell of some kind? 7-8-9 - This one is weird, looks like some kind of shell, but then looks almost like it has teeth or little legs. Really want to know what this is? (Deer Lake, Pa.) 10th picture - I found this in a secret spot in St Clair, Pa., looks to me like a segment of a fossilized tree, its round, totally flat on top n bottom, and looks like striations lines in bark? if im right anyway knowing type of tree? Thanks in advance to anyone who helps out, i'll just list round one and two for now, till i get some answers, and if i get anywhere with answers i will post some more, thanks all. Paul.
  5. In Late December, Minnesota is a land impossible to hunt fossils in. So when I took a trip to Ohio this Christmas, I was hoping mother nature would be kind to me and allow me to peak under a few rocks. While visiting my sister in NW Ohio, I convinced her to run up to Paulding with me to check out the Lafarge Quarry. Have seen postings about trilobites from there. We left Lima with no signs of snow on the ground. Two miles from our destination, the ground turned white, and snow was about 4 inches deep. Now I remember why I hated lake effect snow growing up in Ohio!! As long as we drove this far, we decided to travel on just to see the place. Fortunately, there had been a brisk wind that night and the tops of the rock piles were blown fairly clean of snow. Good enough for me. My sister thought I was nuts and remained in the vehicle. Here are the results of my short venture. Would love to visit this place in better conditions. I know how darctooth felt when he posted about his winter, snow covered excursion last week.
  6. For identification see: Holmes, W.B.K. (2001) The Middle Triassic megafossil flora of the Basin Creek Formation, Nymboida Coal Measures, New South Wales, Australia. Part 2. Filicophyta. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 123, 39-87.
  7. Hi, I would like to show you some plants that I found in the (middle probably) Bathonian of the soutwestern France, near the edge of the "Massif Central". So, I will describe the context of the find quicly : We can find some vegetals in micritic layers intercalated in sublitographic-limestone layers, very often they're fragments of lignitized wood (sometimes with a wonderful conservation and visible tracheids) but it can be reddish wood not lignitized or fragments of leaves. The first mention that I found is Monteil (1977) who indicates the discovery in a neighboring township of two leaf imprints of Otozamites sp. But this source isn't necessarily the most reliable because there are many inaccuracies or errors, but this is the only mention found this period and this area. So, for my own samples, this would be a flora from "wetlands", unusual for the french Jurassic (I believe that only one was found but a little younger, from the upper Oxfordian) and, more interesting, one (at least) of them was supposed to be Sagenopteris sp., a species of Caytoniales ("seed ferns"), never found in France. So here are the leaf imprints (or leaves) of some samples (normally the scales are correct but it is possible that I made a mistake). If someone has an identification idea or a suggestion I would be very grateful to him. 1a : Fern ? 1b 2 Fern with sporangia 3 ? 4 Fern with sporangia 5 Fern with sporangia 6 7 8 9 Fern with sporangia ? 10 Fern with sporangium 11 12 13 14 Fern ? 15
  8. Hello again to everyone on the forum and can't wait to learn from you. I just joined this week and this will be my first main post. I have always been very interested in fossils and geology and finally went on an official fossil Hunting trip this past week. I went with my family the first time and we scouted out the area. I did a lot of research beforehand and read that Pit 11 was one of the most popular concretion hunting spots at Mazon, but that also means they are harder to find. After more research, I decided we should check out an area to the south called the Mazonia South Unit. I read that this area had been less collected because there is much thicker vegetation. The vegetation was very thick. We hiked for a couple miles into the Forested area and we came to the bottom of a large hill. Me and my brother scaled the cliff and saw a way down the other side. The bottom of the other side of the cliff ended right into a river. After we made it to the bottom, my father found the first fossil, a small leaf, in an open concretion. We then saw concretions everywhere around us and started collecting. We only stayed for about an hour that day because the mosquitoes were relentless. I got home and saw I had some fossils and got so excited, I went back out there by myself the very next day. I scaled the cliffs up and down and got as many concretions as I could. Not satisfied, I just came back from another trip out to Mazon yesterday. I'm still refining my technique, but I spent most of the time going up and down the cliff sides looking and picking for concretions. I had a geologic pick, and a bag as my main tools. The first couple times, I picked everything I saw. After more research, I was more picky yesterday and did a lot of cracking in the field. I am not done processing all my concretions but I will post what I have found so far. Please let me know if you can help identify any of them and if the pictures are good for your viewing. Any general tips for fossil hunting and anything is also welcome I have more than I can post in this one post, but will follow up post with rest of my current photos.
  9. Can someone help me with an ID for these? Thank you!
  10. Hey all, I returned to Cory's Lane last weekend havind had some time to do a little beach combing with the low tide. I was the only one out other than a man gathering crabs for bait. There used to be a spot closer to the cliffs wedged between the breakers but it seems to have vanished over the course of the winter -- perhaps they piled up more rock breakers over it? I did find an interesting whole fern specimen that I think is good quality for the area. This location does not get the type of contrast like St. Claire and the shale has a much greesier quality but here are some photos. If you can help with IDs etc. I'd appreciate all the knowledge members can offer. Best, Agos1221
  11. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since July 23, 2016. Kingdom Plantae Division incertae sedis Pšenička, J. and S. Schultka (2009). Revision of the Carboniferous genus Rhodeites Nĕmejc from European and American localities. Bulletin of Geosciences, 84(2). Wagner, R.H. (2001). The Extrabasinal Elements in Lower Pennsylvanian Floras of the Maritime Provinces, Canada: Description of Adiantites, Pseudadiantites and Rhacopteridium. Revista Española de Paleontología, 16(2). Division Lycopodiophyta - The Club Mosses and Quillworts Lycopodiophyta - Africa/Middle East Mensah, M.K. and W.G. Chaloner (1971). Lower Carboniferous Lycopods from Ghana. Palaeontology, Vol.14, Part 2. Rayner, R.J. (1985). The Permian Lycopod Cyclodendron leslii from South Africa. Palaeontology, Vol.28, Part 1. Lycopodiophyta - Antarctica Bomfleur, B., et al. (2011). Macrofossil evidence for pleuromeialean lycophytes from the Triassic of Antarctica. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 56(1). Lycopodiophyta - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Wang, J., et al. (2009). Confirmation of Sigillaria Brongniart as a coal-forming plant in Cathaysia: occurrence from an Early Permian autochthonous peat-forming flora in Inner Mongolia. Geological Journal, 44. Wang, S.-J., B.-L. Tian and G.-R. Chen (2002). Anatomical Structure of Leaf Cushion of Lepidodendron lepidophloides Yao. Acta Botanica Sinica, 44(3). Wanjarwadkar, K.M. Study of Lycopods of the Kulti Formation, West Bengal. Geological Survey of India. Ziqiang, W. and W. Lixin (1982). A New Species of the Lycopsid Pleuromeia from the Early Triassic of Shanxi, China, and its Ecology. Palaeontology, Vol.25, Part 1. Lycopodiophyta - Australia/New Zealand White, M.E. (1981). Cylomeia undulata (Burges) comb.nov., a lycopod of the Early Triassic strata of New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, 33(16). Lycopodiophyta - Europe (including Greenland) Alvin, K.L. (1965). A New Fertile Lycopod from the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland. Palaeontology, Vol.8, Part 2. Bek, J., et al. (2015). The sub-arborescent lycopsid Omphalophloios feistmantelii (O. Feistmantel) comb.nov.emend. from the Middle Pennsylvanian of the Czech Republic. Bulletin of Geosciences, 90(1). Boulter, M.C. (1968). A Species of Compressed Lycopod Sporophyll from the Upper Coal Measures of Somerset. Palaeontology, Vol.11, Part 3. Gordenko, N.V., O.A. Orlova and S.M. Snigirevsky (2006). A New Lycopod, Novgorodendron conophorum gen. et sp.nov., from the Lower Carboniferous of the Moscow Syneclise. Palaeontological Journal, Vol.40, Number 2. Krassilov, V. (1978). Mesozoic Lycopods and Ferns from the Bureja Basin. Palaontographica Abt.B, 166. Kustatscher, E. and J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2008). Lycophytes and horsetails from the Triassic flora of Thale (Germany). N.Jb.Geol.Palaont.Abh., Vol.250/1. Naugolnykh, S.V. (2012). Sporophyll morphology and reconstruction of the heterosporous lycopod Tomiostrobus radiatus Neuberg emend. from the Lower Triassic of Siberia (Russia). The Palaeobotanist, 61(2012). Opluštil, S. and J. Bek (2009). Some Pennsylvanian arborescent lycopsid cones and their microspores from the British coalfields. Bulletin of Geosciences, 84(2). Opluštil, S., J. Bek and S. Schultka (2010). Re-examination of the genus Omphalophloios White, 1898 from the Upper Silesian Coal Basin. Bulletin of Geosciences, 85(1). Opluštil, S., J. Bek and J. Drábková (2009). A new bisporangiate lycopsid cone genus Thomasostrobus gen.nov. from the late Pennsylvanian of the Intra-Sudetic Basin (Czech Republic). Bulletin of Geosciences, 84(2). Rowe, N.P. (1988). A Herbaceous Lycophyte from the Lower Carboniferous Drybrook Sandstone of the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire. Palaeontology, Vol.31, Part 1. Thomas, B.A. and J. Watson (1976). A rediscovered 114-foot Lepidodendron from Bolton, Lancashire. Geol.J., Vol.11, Part 1. Wachtler, M. (2011). Lycophyta from the Early-Middle Triassic (Anisian) Piz Da Peres (Dolomites - Northern Italy). Dolomythos, Innichen. Lycopodiophyta - North America Arnold, C.A. (1960). A Lepidodendrid Stem from Kansas and its Bearing on the Problem of Cambium and Phloem in Paleozoic Lycopods. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XV, Number 10. Arnold, C.A. (1940). Lepidodendron johnsonii, Sp.Nov., from the Lower Pennsylvanian of Central Colorado. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.VI, Number 2. Bek, J. and R.L. Leary (2012). Prostrobus nathorstii (Leary & Mickle) emend. and its spores from the Namurian of Illinois, USA. Bulletin of Geosciences, 87(1). DiMichele, W.A. and T.L. Phillips (1985). Arborescent Lycopod Reproduction and Paleoecology in a Coal-Swamp Environment of Late Middle Pennsylvanian Age (Herrin Coal, Illinois, U.S.A.). Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 44. Pannell, E. (1942). Contributions to Our Knowledge of of American Carboniferous Floras. IV. A New Species of Lepidodendron. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol.29, Number 4. Pigg, K.B. and T.N. Taylor (1985). Cormophyton Gen.Nov., A Cormose Lycopod from the Middle Pennsylvanian Mazon Creek Flora. Review of Paleobotany and Palynology, 44. Schopf, J.M. (1938). Two New Lycopod Seeds from the Illinois Pennsylvanian. Transactions, Illinois State Academy of Science, Vol.30, Number 2. Thomas, B.A., J. Beck and S. Opluštil (2009). A new species of Lepidostrobus from the Early Westphalian of South Joggins, Nova Scotia, Canada. Bulletin of Geosciences, 84(4). Lycopodiophyta - South America/Central America/Caribbean Carrizo, H.A. and C.L. Azcuy (2006). Gilboaphyton argentinum sp.nov.: A Herbaceous Lycopod from the Early Carboniferous of Argentina. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia, 9(1). Edwards, D. and J.L. Benedetto (1985). Two New Species of Herbaceous Lycopods from the Devonian of Venezuela With Comments on Their Taphonomy. Palaeontology, Vol. 28, Part 3. Manfroi, J., et al. (2012). Sub-Arborescent Lycophytes in Coal-Bearing Strata from the Artinskian (Early Permian/Cisuralian) of the Santa Catarina Coalfield (Paraná Basin, SC, Brazil). Rev.bras.paleontol., 15(2). General Lycopodiophyta Andrews, H.N., C.B. Read and S.H. Mamay (1970). A Devonian Lycopod Stem With Well-Preserved Cortical Tissues. Palaeontology, Vol.14, Part 1. Opluštil, S. (2010). Contribution to knowledge on ontogenetic developmental stages of Lepidodendron mannebachense Presl, 1838. Bulletin of Geosciences, 85(2). Pant, D.D., G.K. Srivastava and P.C. Srivastava (2000). Ligule in Lycopods: A Review. Proc.Indian natn Sci.Acad., B66, Numbers 4&5. Retallack, G.J. (1975). The life and times of a Triassic lycopod. Alcheringa, 1. Thomas, B.A. (1970). Epidermal Studies in the Interpretation of Lepidodendron Species. Palaeontology, Vol.13, Part 1. Thomas, B.A. (1968). A Revision of the Carboniferous Lycopod Genus Eskdalia Kidston. Palaeontology, Vol.11, Part 3. Division Pteridophyta - The Ferns and Their Allies. Class Equisetopsida - Horsetails Equisetopsida - Africa/Middle East Ameri, H., H. Khalilzade and F. Zamani (2014). Four New Equisetites Species (Sphenophyta) from the Hodjek Formation, Middle Jurassic (Bajocian-Bathonian), the North of Kerman, Iran. Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran, 25(3). Equisetopsida - Antarctica Osborn, J.M. and T.N. Taylor (1989). Structurally Preserved Sphenophytes from the Triassic of Antarctica: Vegetative Remains of Spaciinodum, Gen.Nov.. Amer.J.Bot., 76(11). Equsetopsida - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Shuquin, Z., et al. (2012). A new Neocalamites (Sphenophyta) with prickles and attached cones from the Upper Triassic of China. Palaeoworld, 21. Equisetopsida - Australia/New Zealand Holmes, W.B.K. (2001). Equisetalean Plant Remains from the Early to Middle Triassic of New South Wales, Australia. Records of the Australian Museum, 53(1). Equisetopsida - Europe (including Greenland) Barbacka, M. (2009). Sphenophyta from the Early Jurassic of the Mecsek Mts., Hungary. Acta Palaeobotanica, 49(2). Chaphekar, M. (1963). Some Calamitean Plants from the Lower Carboniferous of Scotland. Palaeontology, Vol.6, Part 3. Falcon-Lang, H.J. (2014). A calamitalean forest preserved in growth position in the Pennsylvanian coal measures of South Wales: Implications for palaeoecology, ontogeny and taphonomy. Review of Palaeobotany and Palyinology, xxx. (Article in Press) Kustatscher, E. and J.H.A. van Konijnenburg-van Cittert (2008). Lycophytes and horsetails from the Triassic flora of Thale (Germany). N.Jb.Geol.Palaont.Abh., Vol.250/1. Libertín, M. and J. Bek (2006). Bolsovian Calamostachys incrassata (Nĕmejc) emend. and its spores from the Kladno-Rakovník Basin of the Czech Republic. Bulletin of Geosciences, 81(3). Thomas, B.A. (1969). A New British Carboniferous Calamite Cone, Paracalamostachys spadiciformes. Palaeontology, Vol.12, Part 2. Wachtler, M. (2011). Horsetails from the Early-Middle Triassic (Anisian) Piz Da Peres (Dolomites - Northern Italy). Dolomythos. Watson, J. (1983). Two Wealden Species of Equisetum found In Situ. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, Vol.28, Numbers 1-2. Equisetopsida - North America Arnold, C.A. (1956). A New Calamite from Colorado. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - University of Michigan, Vol.XIII, Number 6. Bashforth, A.R. and E.L. Zodrow (2007). Partial reconstruction and palaeoecology of Sphenophyllum costae (Middle Pennsylvanian, Nova Scotia, Canada). Bulletin of Geosciences, 82(4). DiMichele, W.A., et al. (2005). Equisetites from the Early Permian of North-Central Texas. In: The Nonmarine Permian. Lucas, S.G. and K.E. Zeigler (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin Number 30. Smoot, E.L., T.N. Taylor, and B.S. Serlin (1982). Archaeocalamites from the Upper Mississippian of Arkansas. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 36. Equisetopsida - South America/Central America/Caribbean Boardman, D.R. and R. Iannuzzi (2010). Presence of the Genus Giridia, Sphenophyte, in the Parana Basin (Lower Permian , Rio Bonito Formation). Rev.bras.paleontol., 13(1). Villar de Seoane, L. (2005). Equisetites pusillus sp.nov. from the Aptian of Patagonia, Argentina. Rev. Mus. Argentino Cienc. Nat., n.s., 7(1). Class Marattiopsida Rossler, R. (2000). The late Palaeozoic tree fern Psaronius - an ecosystem unto itself. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 108. Zhifeng, G. and B.A. Thomas (1993). A New Fern from the Lower Permian of China and its Bearing on the Evolution of the Marattialeans. Palaeontology, Vol.36, Part 1. Wittry, J., et al. (2014). A revision of the Pennsylvanian marattialean fern Lobatopteris vestita auct. and related species. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, Class Polypodiopsida - Ferns Polypodiopsida - Africa/Middle East Silantieva, N. and V. Krassilov (2006). Weichselia Stiehler from Lower Cretaceous of Makhtesh Ramon, Israel: new morphological interpretation and taxonomical affinities. Acta Palaeobotanica, 46(2). Polypodiopsida - Antarctica Klavins, S.D., T.N. Taylor and E.L. Taylor (2004). Matoniaceous Ferns (Gleicheniales) from the Middle Triassic of Antarctica. J.Paleont., 78(1). Nagalingum, N.S. and D.J. Cantrill (2006). Early Cretaceous Gleichenaceae and Matoniaceae (Gleiceniales) from Alexander Island, Antarctica. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 138. Rees, P.McA. (1993). Dipterid Ferns from the Mesozoic of Antarctica and New Zealand and Their Stratigraphical Significance. Palaeontology, Vol.36, Part 3. Yao, X., T.N. Taylor and E.L. Taylor (1991). Silicified dipteran ferns from the Jurassic of Antarctica. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 67. Polypodiopsida - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Bera, S., et al. (2014). First megafossil evidence of Cyatheaceous tree fern from the Indian Cenozoic. J. Earth Syst.Sci., Vol.123, Number 6. Ôishi, S. (1939). Notes on Some Fossil Ferns from the Naktong Series of Korea. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido Imperial University, Ser.4, Geology and mineralogy, 4(3-4). Patil, S.P., D.K. Kapgate and S.K. Zilpe (2014). Report of a Fossil Marsilea Petiole from the Deccan Intertrappean Beds of Maraipatan, Chandrapur District (M.S.). Pteridological Research, 3(2). Schneider, H., J.R. Schmidt and J. Heinrichs (2016). Burmese amber fossils bridge the gap in the Cretaceous record of polypod ferns. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 18. Sitholey, R.V. (1947). Protopteris nammalensis Sp.Nov., A Jurassic Cyantheaceous Tree-Fern from the Salt Range, Punjab. Proc.Nat.Inst.Sci. India, Vol.XV, Number 1. Su, T., et al. (2011). A new Drynaria (Polypodiaceae) from the Upper Pliocene of Southwest China. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 164. Wang, Q., et al. (2006). Paleocene Wuyun flora in Northeast China: Woodwardia bureiensis, Dryopteris sp. and Osmunda sachalinensis. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 44(6). Polypodiopsida - Australia/New Zealand Clifford, H.T. (2002). A New Devonian Fern, Fanningopteris wyattii, from Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 48(1). Gould, R.E. (1970). Palaeosmunda, a New Genus of Siphonostelic Osmundaceous Trunks from the Upper Permian of Queensland. Palaeontology, Vol.13, Part 1. Rees, P.McA. (1993). Dipterid Ferns from the Mesozoic of Antarctica and New Zealand and Their Stratigraphical Significance. Palaeontology, Vol.36, Part 3. Polypodiopsida - Europe (including Greenland) Barbacka, M. and E. Bodor (2008). Systematic and palaeoenvironmental investigations of fossil ferns Cladophlebis and Todites from the Liassic of Hungary. Acta Palaeobotanica, 48(2). Greguš, J., J. Kvaček and A.T. Halamski (2013). Revision of Protopteris and Oncopteris Tree Fern Stem Casts from the Late Cretaceous of Central Europe. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B - Historia Naturalis, Vol.69, Numbers 1-2. Kustatscher, E., E. Dellantonio and J.H.A. Van Konijnenburg-Van Cittert (2014). The ferns of the late Ladinian, Middle Triassic flora from Monte Agnello, Dolomites, Italy. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 59(3). Naugolnykh, S.V. (2002). A new species of Todites (Pteridophyta) with in situ spores from the Upper Permian of Pechora Cis-Urals (Russia). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 47(3). Popa, M.E. and J. Pšeniča (2010). The Pennsylvanian Pecopteris ticleanui sp.nov. from Secu, Reşiţa Basin, Romania. Bulletin of Geosciences, 85(4). Van Konijnenburg-Van Cittert, J.H.A., E. Kustatscher and M. Wachtler (2006). Middle Triassic (Anisian) Ferns from Kuhwiesenkopf (Monte Pra Della Vacca), Dolomites, Northern Italy. Palaeontology, Vol.49, Part 5. Wachtler, M. (2011). Ferns and Seed Ferns from the Early-Middle Triassic (Anisian) Piz da Peres (Dolomites - Northern Italy). Dolomythos, Innichen. Polypodiopsida - North America Arnold, C.A. (1955). A Tertiary Azolla from British Columbia. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - University of Michigan, Vol.XII, Number 4. Arnold, C.A. and L.H. Daugherty (1964). A Fossil Dennstaeditoid Fern from the Eocene Clarno Formation of Oregon.Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XIX, Number 6. Arnold, C.A. and L.H. Daugherty (1963).The Fern Genus Acrostichum in the Eocene Clarno Formation of Oregon. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XVIII, Number 13. Ash, S.R. (1969). Ferns from the Chinle Formation (Upper Triassic) in the Fort Wingate Area, New Mexico. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 613-D. Ash, S.R. The Fossil Ferns of Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona, and Their Paleoclimatological Implications.(HTML only...copy this into a document) Baxter, R.W. and R.W. Baxendale (1976). Corynepteris involucrata sp.nov., A New Fertile Fern of Possible Zygopterid Affinities from the Pennsylvanian of Kansas. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 85. Gandolfo, M.A., et al. (1997). A New Fossil Fern Assignable to Gleicheniaceae from Late Cretaceous Sediments of New Jersey. American Journal of Botany, 84(4). Hernandez-Castillo, G.R., R.A. Stockey and G.W. Rothwell (2006). Anemia quatsinoensis sp.nov. (Schizaeaceae), A Permineralized Fern from the Lower Cretaceous of Vancouver Island. Int.J. Plant Sci., 167(3). Jennings, J.R. and M.A. Millay (1979). Morphology of Fertile Pecopteris unita from the Middle Pennsylvanian of Illinois. Palaeontology, Vol.22, Part 4. Lupia, R., et al. (2000). Marsileaceae Sporocarps and Spores from the Late Cretaceous of Georgia, U.S.A. Int.J. Plant Sci., 161(6). Smoot, E.L. and T.N. Taylor (1978). Etapteris leclercqii Sp.N., A Zygopterid Fern from the Pennsylvanian of North America. Amer. J. Bot., 65(5). Polypodiopsida - South America/Central America/Caribbean Loriga, E., et al. (2014). The first fossil of a bolbitioid fern belongs to the early-divergent lineages of Elaphoglossum (Dryopteridaceae). American Journal of Botany, 101(9). Sundue, M. and G. Poinar (2016). An extinct grammitid fern from Dominincan amber, with revision of Grammitis succinea. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, xxx. (Article in Press) General Polypodiopsida DiMichele, W.A. and T.L. Phillips (2002). The ecology of Paleozoic ferns. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 119. Galtier, J. and F.M. Hueber (2001). How early ferns became trees. Proc.R.Soc.Lond. B, 268. Galtier, J. and A.C. Scott (1985). Diversification of early ferns. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, , 86B. Miller, C.N. (1971). Evolution of the Fern Family Osmundaceae Based on Anatomical Studies. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.23, Number 8. Pryer, K.M. (1999). Phylogeny of Marsileaceous Ferns and Relationships of the Fossil Hydropteris pinnata Reconsidered.Int. J. Plant Sci., 160(5). Schuettpelz, E. (2007). The Evolution and Diversification of Epiphytic Ferns. (Ph.D. dissertation, Duke University). Schuettpelz, E. and K.M. Pryer (2009). Evidence for a Cenozoic radiation of ferns in an angiosperm-dominated canopy. PNAS, Vol.106, Number 27. Taylor, T.N. (1967). On the Structure and Phylogenetic Relationships of the Fern Radstockia Kidston. Palaeontology, Vol.10, Part 1. Class Psilotopsida - Wisk Ferns General Pteridophyta Gomez P, L.D. (1982). The Origin of the Pteridophyte Flora of Central America. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol.69, Issue 3. Krassilov, V. (1978). Mesozoic Lycopods and Ferns from the Bureja Basin. Palaontographica Abt.B, 166. McQueen, D.R. (1956). Leaves of Upper and Middle Cretaceous Pteridophytes and Cycads of New Zealand.Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol.83, Part 4. Sporne, K.R. (1962). The Morphology of Pteridophytes: The structure of ferns and allied plants. Hillary House Publishers, Ltd., New York. Division Rhyniophyta Bodzioch, A., W. Kozlowski and A. Popłowska (2003). A Cooksonia-type flora from the Upper Silurian of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 48(4). Edwards, D. and E.C.W. Rogerson (1979). New records of fertile Rhyniophytina from the late Silurian of Wales. Geo.Mag., 116(2). Gerrienne, P., et al. (2006). An exceptional specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis, and a hypothesis on the life cycle of the earliest eutracheophytes. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 142. Morel, E., D. Edwards and I. Rodriguez (1995). The first record of Cooksonia from South America in Silurian rocks of Bolivia. Geol.Mag., 132(4). Roth-Nebelsick, A. and W. Konrad (2003). Assimilation and transpiration capabilities of rhyniophytic plants from the Lower Devonian and their implications for paleoatmospheric CO2 concentration. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 202. Taylor, T.N., H. Kerp and H. Hass (2005). Life history biology of early land plants: Deciphering the gametophyte phase. PNAS, Vol.102, Number 16. Wellman, C.H., H. Kerp and H. Hass (2006). Spores of the Rhynie chert plant Aglaophyton (Rhynia) major (Kidston and Lang) D.S. Edwards, 1986. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 142. Division Trimerophytophyta Gerrienne, P. (1997). The fossil plants from the Lower Devonian of Marchin (northern margin of Dinant Synclinorium, Belgium). V. Psilophyton genseliae sp.nov., with hypotheses on the origin of Trimerophytina. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 98. Hao, S.-G. and C.B. Beck (1991). Yunia dichotoma, a Lower Devonian plant from Yunnan, China. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 68. Division Zosterophyllophyta Edwards, D. (1969). Zosterophyllum from the Lower Old Red Sandstone of South Wales. New Phytol., 68. Gensel, P.G., C.H. Wellman and W.A. Taylor (2013). Spore Wall Ultrastructure of the Lower Devonian Zosterophylls Renalia hueberi and Zosterophyllum divaricatum. Int.J. Plant Sci., 174(9). Hao, S.-g. (1985). Further Observations on Zosterophyllum yunnanicum Hsü. Acta Botanica Sinica, 27(5). Hao, S.-g., et al. (2007). Zosterophyllum Penhallow Around the Silurian-Devonian Boundary of Northeastern Yunnan, China. Int.J. Plant Sci., 168(4). General Tracheophytes Edwards, D. (2004). Embryophytic sporophytes in the Rhynie and Windyfield cherts. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 94. Xue, J.Z., et al. (2015). Stepwise evolution of Paleozoic tracheophytes from South China: Contrasting leaf disparity and taxic diversity. Earth-Science Reviews, 148.
  12. Fern impressions, leaves, calamites, I found hundreds of nice peices today in North Attleboro, Ma!
  13. Need ID on some ferns. #1
  14. Hi all, The specimen below comes from the Asturian (Westphalian D) of the Piesberg quarry near Osnabrück, Germany. It has been in my collection for some years already, but I never managed to ID it further than "something with Sphenopteris-like pinnules". Recently, I bought some new literature and now I think I have some sort of ID, but am definitely stuck on the species level (and hence also not quite sure yet about the generic level.) The specimen from the Piesberg shows a strong resemblance to Oligocarpia gutbierii Göppert 1841 as figured by Kidston (1923), Plate LXX figs. 1-3. Both the presence and the specific appearance of the aphlebia on my specimen (encircled in light blue) also correspond well with Kidston's description text, as well as the aforementioned figures. By contrast, the Oligocarpia gutbierii specimens figured by Kidston (1923) on Plate LXXV, figs 1-2 do not look like my specimen at all (this may be related to them coming from another position in the larger frond - not clear to me.) The specimens figured by Kidston (1923) under Oligocarpia brongniartii Stur 1883 (Plate LXIX, figs 2-3) show less resemblance to the Piesberg specimen. However, in literature dealing with the Piesberg locality, only this species is mentioned to occur (e.g. Josten, 1991). Comparing my specimen to Oligocarpia gutbierii and Oligocarpia brongniartii as figured by Brousmiche (1983), i.e. Plates 57-61 and Plates 62-64, respectively, neither seems to be a very good match. Unfortunately, my French is not good enough to recognise the subtle differences that may be described in the accompanying text volume. Moreover, my specimen is a sterile frond, rendering the most clearly defined differences between Oligocarpia gutbierii and Oligocarpia brongiartii unusable. The venation is difficult to photograph and see, due to gümbelite mineralisation (orange colour), but visible when the specimen is held at an angle to a light source. Under these constraints, what would be the best way to discriminate between these two (and perhaps other) species? Or am I dealing with something else completely? Thanks, Tim
  15. Hello All, I was surprised with a couple boxes of what appears to be fern and horsetail fossils in very soft, dusty rock - some are imprinted and some have a carbon film. I am an absolute beginner on preparation of fossils(this is my first time), and all the materials I have are paint brushes and sewing needles. I googled the best way to clean dirt off of carbon film, to no avail. I tried a little bit of water and gently wiping the dirt, but it ended up removing the film(luckily on a less important piece). So I attempted to chip away the dirt with a sewing needle which is working much, much better, but as I remove the dirt, the rock is nearly the exact same color as some of the fossils making them kind of hard to see. I still find them really attractive pieces and would like to display them, though, as one is a nearly full fern branch. So, a few questions: Is there a better way to go about cleaning these with limited supplies?Is there a way to increase the contrast between the fossil and the rock?There are a few breaks due to the soft rock, possibly mudstone? Most are fairly clean breaks, though some are a bit wider and don't fit perfectly. The best I can do at the moment is super glue, but is there a better way to attach the broken bits? Preferrably cheap-ish, college student here.Would artist's fixatif in matte be good for preserving them? I saw it mentioned elsewhere here.My phone is being a pain right now, but I'll try to get photos as soon as possible. Thank you for any help!
  16. As I promised myself, this has now become a yearly trip for me. As I'm getting ready to head out soon, let's reminisce on a previous trip that happened on one, if not THE hottest day of June of 2014. one comes down from the wave breakers near the wharf of Stonehaven I checked the weather for that day and I knew it was going to be a hot one, but I never anticipated what hot was in this area. I've prepared but soon to find out I could have been more careful. But I digress. Moving on. If you've been keeping tabs on my previous Clifton posts, you'll remember that these layers are mostly perpendicular to each other, almost perfectly horizontal observed in short distances. The Sandstone tends to meet with meandering bodies of water. When you walk, you'll mostly see the rock layers as shown from the pic above, and then bam, you'll get to see this: The lenses show bodies infilled with different clast size, forming sandstone and/or mudstone type filled channels. Here's what I see when I look at the photo above: Close up Water channels that move, in perpetual motion, migrating this way or that. Interesting features as one tends to keep a closer eye for any sign of trackways. The strata in Clifton also contain in situ wonderful tree specimens that rival the ones at Joggins, at least in size. I can't recall if I've encountered one tree in Clifton that had been scared by flames such as in its almost twin in Joggins, but I'll have to make note next trek. When you're lucky enough, you will get shale that can be split without destroying the whole sample. The fragility of some makes it tough to be able to conserve in one piece but it happens from time to time. The details on some of these plants are exquisite. There are a few other places in New Brunswick, such as Minto, where plants have been perserved in similar high contrast. I haven't had the time to delve into naming different members of specific genus or families, but that will come soon enough. This is an interesting fella Calamite, annularia... As the Sun started beating down on me and my water reserve severely depleting, I turned tail and made my way off the beach. These cliffs created a dead zone as no current was passing through and I could feel the full brunt of an almost 40 degree Celcius heat. By the time I had made my way up and recovered, I've realized how close I came to having a heat stroke. Hospitalization would have probably happened. On my way back to Moncton, which was about 3 hours drive back South of the province, the heat had taken its effects on me and luckily my parents lived on the road on the main stretch. I stopped and rested for a while to try to recuperate and gather some semblance of strength and finished my trip. I think it is in the cards to bring at least a partner next time I go. There is a whole lot to do in Clifton and there are many opportunities to explore in this locale. The main thing beside shining a spotlight in this geographical treasure trove, is to have locals made aware of how important this site is for not just New Brunswick, but for the entire scientific community. There is some work being done on some discoveries made in the recent years, but there is vast potential to make more. As long as there is interest, people will keep being drawn to this forgotten shore where once vast forests doted the land, offering life and shelter to its many denizens. The search continues. - Keenan
  17. Someone searching the Maritimes for nice articulated plants would ususally end up being referred to known fossil localities in Nova Scotia such as Sydney, Cape Breton. The ferns and other flora found in the coal rich cliffs of Cape Breton are of exceptional quality, but what if I tell you that there's a location in New Brunswick that yields specimens that matches in quality? This province has made many contributions to the field of geology and paleontology since Mitchell and Gesner in the 1850s and the days of the Stonehammer Club. There had been a lull for decades, but with the surging in geotourism and the newly founded Stonehammer Geopark, new research has been made on old and new sites alike. One such site is located in Clifton. Rule of thumb here is that West of Bathurst the rocks get older, and younger East. The sedimentary rocks at Clifton are pretty much around the same time period, late in the Carboniferous (~310 to 300 Mya), matching paleoenvironment. Clifton, New Brunswick (circled in red) As my list of grew longer, Clifton stayed on top of it. When Matt called me and asked if I had any plans that weekend, I suggested that we could head up North. He hasn't been in tha area either, so this was the perfect opportunity to go snoop around. We left Moncton Saturday morning and headed North for Bathurst. The car ride to reach Clifton took a little over 2 hours. Reaching Bathurst, we took Highway 11 and proceeded North-East. We passed Clifton to get to Stonehaven where there is a road leading to a wharf. I parked the car, got the gear ready, and went down the rocks forming a breakwater to get to the beach. It was a bit tricky and the tide had just started going out. Facing South-West, towards Clifton Facing North-East, towards Stonehaven We barely set foot on the beach that we came across these beauties. These tracks were probably made by an arthropod, most likely from a horseshoe crab (limulids). What's interesting is how these animals moved (seems to be more than one animal making these traces in the silty material). We'll have to look further into this, but its obvious that this paleoenvironment was influenced by some sort of salt water body, if these animals were indeed ocean dwelling organisms. Parallel prints with tail drag We carried on and stopped at a few easy accessible spots before having to crawl and tread carefully around slippery seaweed covered rocks. Me! After a few slips, bruises, bloody scratches, and wet boots, we made it to where we wanted to be. The cliffs are somewhat similar to other familiar sites such as Joggins in Nova Scotia. The strata of sedimentary rock have a marginal inclination of about 5 degrees. What surprised us was that we found some trees in situ, popping out from the cliffs. Several trees we've seen were pretty well preserved, and a couple up to a meter in diameter. Matt kneeling beside a big tree! Checking for trackways Within these cliffs are gorgeous ferns and other type of plants belonging to the Carboniferous Period. The plants are found on a light gray shale. There are sections of the cliffs that have talus piled up with lots of plant material. Clifton is an interesting site and may yet yield really important information that could form a more detailed picture of the paleoenvironment of the region. The plants, the trees, the terrain, the bodies of water dominating the landscape, and the animals leaving their traces. The information that we were able to gather that day will be shared with the rest of the community. Clifton has come up a few times in scientific literature, but has like most part New Brunswick, been understudied. We realize that the resources aren't always available, so people like me and you can be the foot soldiers and help the academic community by making these type of discoveries like we did today. Till next time. Cheers! - Keenan
  18. Continued from Part 1 After taking a moment to try to sum up some courage to go down the cable (stupid fear of heights), we made it down to the beach and proceeded to walk North and around Cranberry Point. Cranberry Point The strata of these cliffs, as of many of the coast in this area, have a small angle, making identification of specific layers traceable for long distances. Coal seams were numerous and shale layers very thick at some spots. Getting closer to the North-East section of the point, we could start seeing Carboniferous flora such as calamites and trees in situ, in their growth positions. Calamites in growth position, in situ The trees we found in situ were of different conditions, and some of them subject to a future paper. Amongst these big trees were all sorts of foliage of different state. For some reason I didn't take any photos of the ferns we found. Bleh! I'll be posting about another fossil site that has comparable articulated ferns, in Clifton, New Brunswick. What's important to notice is that some of the trees we've inspected showed traces of sooth, a sign of forest fires that would have created victims. Matt inspecting the base of a tree (tree root left of Matt) Impression on coal residue Annularia and/or Asterophylites (extention segments of calamites) Matt standing on top of a tree segment. Where did it come from? Possibly from this one! How big and tall you think this tree is? Tree segments on the beach, possibly from the same specimen When we were at the Fossil Center earlier in the day, we had a conversation with the staff. One thing we noticed was the lack of vertebrate fossils, or even trackways. I've read that back in the 1950s that vertebrate fossils had be found, even in trees, and several trackways. Guess the surprise I had when I came upon these! Tetrapod trackways! After a couple of hours, we wrapped up and picked up our gear. Our next stop on our list is Point Aconi, located a bit North West of Sydney Mines. Some of the best plant fossils came from this area. Folks at the Fossil Center in Sydney Mines occasionally bring people to this place. The coal seams are thick, but care should be taken when approaching the cliffs as shale and mud stone weathers away and leave these big chunks of coal ready to come crashing down. Point Aconi We went down the beach and before turning the corner to reach the point, we came across some fossil trees, matching some of the specimens found at Cranberry Point. We took some data for future reference and carried on. There was at one point some very nice plant fossils, but they've pretty much all been smashes to bits. We did find some nice fragments and nice articulated ferns, but not what I was expecting. I for some reason forgot to take pics of them, which was the purpose of me bringing my snarge camera! Coal breaking away from the cliffs Looking towards the Atlantic Ocean After a while we decided to call it quits for the day and head back to Sydney. We met up with one of Matt's friend and had supper in town. We were invited to crash and tent at another of his friend's grandparents house in the area. We arrived at the house and set our tents and had a nice quick chat with Kendra and her folks. On to Part 3!
  19. Well im heading down to Mazon creek in a few weeks. Forum members Digit (Ken) and Rob Russell should be meeting me down there. I think we're going to dig the Park, but it's still up in the air. Feel free to join us on our hunt, it would be nice to finally meet some members! Things to bring. -bug spray and/or tick spray -shovel, gardening claw, rock hammer or pick-axe -water, snacks, etc. -bucket/s (big or small) -backpack to help carry everything -gloves -cake it will be Ken's Birthday!!! ^^^^Feel free to add to the list^^^^ Again it's June 7 th 2014. 9 a.m. exit 236 on I55 Coal City exit @ the Shell station on Johnson rd Rte.113. Hope to see you out there! Weather update if you're interested
  20. I and other members will be heading to Fossil Rock campground to hunt pit 2 on Sunday October 19th 2014. Hopefully the weather will corporate and we can get our buckets filled! Come and join us. It doesn't matter if you've never done it before, i will be happy to teach you what to look for and how to be successful in your 300mya scavenger hunt. We will meet at the Shell gas station in Coal City @ 8-8:30am. It's just west of rt.55 on 113. Hopefully this link will help Supplies you need and may want. -shovel, pickaxe, rockhammer (basically a good and sturdy digging device). We will be digging through hard shale. -a pair of gloves to keep from collecting blisters -a pair of extra clothes and boots/shoes definitely helps on the ride home. -a bucket, backpack, rock bag (anything that will handle about 5lbs-50lbs worth of rocks) -water is a must, water, water, water -snacks and food is up to you -hiking boots, old pair of shoes, etc. They will get dirty. -i would say bug spray, but being so late in the year hopefully they won't be too crazy. -also it's $5 a person to dig at the campground. This pit is great for very well preserved plants, wood, insects and horseshoe crabs. I have found some awesomely preserved stuff there. These are some of the hardest nodules you will collect anywhere in the Mazon Creek area, and sometimes they take over 30+ freeze/thaw cycles to pop. As i stated above, we WILL be digging, so eat your Wheaties. You can hike around and try and surface collect, but since the spoil piles aren't that tall it may be a waste of time. Here's a live weather link to check the weather for that day. Hope to see you there!
  21. St. Clair Fossils - What are these Bubbles? Nan and I visited Deer Lake on Aug. 30 and squeezed in a couple of hours at the end of the day to visit the fern site at St. Clair - we looked mostly for insects or insect traces, and fern seeds. Also we wanted to pick up a nice specimen for one of my colleagues. Here are our finds - maybe someone can explain what the "bubbles" are in these fossils: Carboniferous Bubbles/Bumps: Here are some closeups showing the "bumps or bubbles": Almond Shaped Fossil with Small Bumps: This almond shaped fossil shows bumps on the surface - it is about 2 cm long: This is the most intriguing fossil of all - also has these peculiar bumps: Thanks in advance for helping to identify and explain these finds.
  22. Dear all, Since it is simply impossible for an individual collector to collect everywhere, trading offers a great method to diversify. Several TFF Members are actively collecting plant fossils and together we cover an almost worldwide range of different localities. Even if you are specializing in a particular area, fossils of equivalent age from elsewhere could prove interesting material for comparison purposes (for example, there are some interesting parallels and differences between the European and North American Pennsylvanian floras). My question is, therefore: is anyone interested in trading plant fossil material? Anyone who had any plant material to offer for trade, or is looking for particular specimens to trade, please chime in! Cheers, Tim
  23. Parry's Lip Fern (Cheilanthes parryi) growing beside fossilized coral in Clark County, NV. This was one of my favorite photo-ops and one of the few cases where I had a specific subject in mind before actually finding it. I had seen lots of ferns and plenty of fossils at this spot, but I really wanted to show the juxtaposition of their patterns together—one living, the other as ancient remains. After a few visits, I finally found what I was looking for! -Zach
  24. My wife and I are spending our "cabin fever" off-season cleaning some of our summer finds and also expermenting with ways to display them - as sculptures, on stands, in Riker mounts, or on the wall. I'm re-posting this topic here in the General Discussion - the "display thread" with some photos - the original discussion thread is located HERE (click here). Here are some photos of display ideas we've been developing: There are some great ideas from other Fossil Forum enthusiasts, on the original thread.
  25. Taken from my blogpost I had planned to head back to Cape Breton in the Summer of 2013. I set aside a few days during my first week of vacation in July to head back over there. I decided to go during the week, leaving on a Tuesday to avoid the weekend touristic rush. My plans were to spend some time looking at rock, but to also do the touristy thing and visit some of the local interests, such as the French Fortress of Louisbourg. From Moncton to Sydney is a bit over 5 hours of driving by car. After a few stops along the way, I arrived at the hotel at about mid afternoon. I booked my room that I had reserved in advance, dropped my stuff, and jetted out to the beach for a little afternoon stroll to check out some rocks before turning in for the night. Point Aconi, Cape Breton I headed out to a spot I had already gone last year to check for rocks. Point Aconi is well known for its Carboniferous fossils, having coal seams cross that area, leading to economy based on that product, with several mines tapping throughout an extensive period of time. Going down the beach was tricky as you had to walk over thick layers of smelly, rotting seaweed. Once on the sand, the rest of the walk was practically easy. When I reached the point, the beach was littered with shale fragments all over the place. There weren't many fragments larger than the size of my hand. Fossil bearing shale The shale that comes out of these cliffs are rich in fossils. There's barely any piece of rock that you would grab that didn't have something on it. The tides surely did some good work, grinding these rocks to tiny bits. Still, there was some pretty ones, albeit not numerous. Annularia After spending some time picking at rocks, I headed back to town for supper and to relax a bit. The city of Sydney is nice, especially with all the beaches and rocks surrounding it. I called it the day and turned in early. The next morning I took a drive to Sydney Mines, north of Sydney, to check out the Cape Breton Fossil Museum where I met Stuart and Jim, the gentlemen responsible for this beautiful interpretation center. We had a good chat on everything related to rocks and Cape Breton, and happily went about checking their fossils on display. The quality of their collection is quite good and a must for anybody visiting Cape Breton. After my stroll in the center, I said my goodbyes and proceeded south towards Louisbourg. ** If you want to see the Louisbourg visit, go check my post where I post a few pics of my walk down history here: When I was done with my stroll in the park, I decided to do some more rock hunting before heading back for a long drive home. From Louisbourg I drove up north towards Donkin to check out the rocks. It was hard not to walk over rock that didn't have any fossils on it. The cliff erodes at a pretty good rate, and thick slabs of rock dropped on the beach have nice plants on it. The fossils in this area are very nice and numerous. I ended up staying a bit later then I expected and managed to twist my ankle by stepping in a stupid gopher hole. Limping back to the car, I left a little bit after 7pm and got back home at around 1am. Quite a drive, but it is one of the things I enjoy the most when I'm out there. It was a good trip and another item to scratch off my list of the year. I'd say it ended up being a good kickstart to my Summer. Cheers! - Keenan