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Found 11 results

  1. Cool microfossils

    Hello all, I believe that one of these is a foraminifera, not too sure if that tiny bivalve and snail would be considered one or not. Anyone have any ideal what period these may be from? Was digging some old bivalves and gastropods out of some sandstone and came across a boulder that had hundreds of microfossils mixed in it's debris. The size range from what you see here to less than 0.50mm. Some if this stuff is really cool looking.
  2. Here are a few micros from the Miocene of Beaumaris in Victoria, Australia. Sorry about the horrible pics as per usual... All of these were found in matrix that was inside a bivalve, some interesting stuff can also be found inside larger gastropods and brachiopods. I'll post more eventually. #1. Teeeeeeny little foram. Should probably also mention that the ruler is in millimetres. #2. Bryozoans ......
  3. I was out hunting near Spring Valley, Minnesota with @Bev and @minnbuckeye the last couple of days. As always, I was looking for coprolites. Mike came across this first piece, sitting loose in a piece of weathered matrix. While we were splitting rocks, we found a virgin layer of the source matrix. When we got back to Bev's fossil barn (everyone should have one), I took a peak under the microscope at two of the loose, irregular objects but couldn't really see much because of the powdery iron oxide coating. When I lightly rinsed them, they revealed these microscopic (calcareous) jack-shaped objects. Similar inclusions were in both objects loose objects. You can see from the broken spine on the inclusion in the lower right that they are hollow. In the other loose piece and those still embedded in the matrix, I can also see random straw-like spines of the same material. I'm not sure if these are coprolites, algal masses or something else. I have seen coprolites covered in powdery iron oxide before. Eventually I would like to free more of these from the matrix so that I can sacrifice one to get a look at the interior. Can anyone identify the little jack-shaped inclusions? The spines may have been quite a bit longer. The only things I can think of are forams or perhaps diatoms. Bev and Mike - What was the name of that cliff again? Decorah Shale? @Carl
  4. Foram from Santa Fe?

    Hi all, So here is a foram that I found in the Santa Fe River in northern Florida. I got told that it is either Eocene or Pleistocene. Well I know absolutely NOTHING about forams (the fact that they are single-called still confuses me! ), so I ask your help: what species is this one, how old is it, and how exactly would it have lived/looked like when it was alive? Thanks in advance, Max
  5. Samphire Hoe, Sussex, England

    Samphire Hoe, Sussex is not far from Dover and was created by dumping stuff from the digging of the Channel Tunnel. It is a wonderful nature reserve, has a small shop/café, access to the beach and chalk fossils are easy to find on the surface of the fallen blocks. Mobile phone service is a bit weird as my phone connected and said Welcome to France, but Dutch tourists there had English connection. Good job there is a pay phone. Here are just a few of the bits I took a photo of. Not completely prepped yet but you get the idea of what can be found. Some are micro fossils from the dust as chalk easy to break down or scoop up from the bottom of the cliff. 1 - common foram 2 - Ramulina foram 3 - Tiny tooth next to Tritaxia foram ( let me know if I have got my ID wrong) 4 - Fish scale 5 - Bivalve with encrusting bryozoa 6 & 7 -Onchotrochus serpentinus Corallite overhead view and of one end confirming not a serpula 7 to 9 - What I think is shed isopod skin, NHM could not ID it but then they sent it to the fish department.
  6. Nummulites foram, Eocene, Belgium

    . The Belgium Nummulites sp.that I have are 5 - 10 mm.
  7. The French N. laevigatus specimens that I have are 2-17mm in diameter. .
  8. My specimens of this species are 2-3mm in diameter, and the thickness in the center is about 2/3 of the diameter. Thickness on the edge goes down to about 0.1mm. .
  9. Image of Reophax foram

    Ive been looking over some Platteville plates for a trade with a member, but I am having issues with finding access to some images or papers. The image or paper i'm looking for is on a middle ordovician foram, Reophax blackriveranus n. sp. thats found in the Platteville formation- Mifflin member. Papers on other forams found in this formation would also be appreciated. If anyone is able to assist, I would be grateful. Thanks! Best regards, Paul
  10. Star Sands

    Got a snall sample of so-called "star sand" from Taketomi,Okinawa,Japan, that was loaded with some of (I think) the most beautiful forams: 99% of the sample consists of 2 species, Baculogypsina sphraerulata & Calcaroides spengleri; Went thru my inventory of forams & found some examples of their fossil kin: unfortunately, like any other fossil, the Miocene & Cretaceous ones have suffered a lot of wear & tear, but hopefully you'll be able to view & compare. Don't know if the images do them justice. Each foram is about the size of a grain of sand. [attachment=18991 8:foram1a.jpg]
  11. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since May 31, 2017. Phylum Foraminifera - Forams and Fusulinids Silurian Bell, K.N., P. Cockle and R. Mawson (2000). Agglutinated Foraminifera (Silurian and Early Devonian) from Borenore and Windellama, New South Wales. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement Number 58. Holcova, K. (2002). Silurian and Devonian Foraminifers and Other Acid-Resistant Microfossils from the Barrandian Area. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B, Natural History, 58(3-4). Kaminski, M.A., et al. (2016). Silurian agglutinated foraminifera from the Dingle Peninsula, Ireland. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 55(2). Zuravel, D.L. (1986). Wenlockian (Silurian) Agglutinated Foraminifera from the Wayne Formation, Tennessee. Masters Thesis - Texas Tech University. (34.5MB download) Devonian Conkin, J.E. and B.M. Conkin (1968). A Revision of Some Upper Devonian Foraminifera from Western Australia. Palaeontology, Vol.11, Part 4. Copeland, M.J. and R.V. Kesling (1955). A New Occurrence of Semitextularia thomasi Miller and Carmer, 1933. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - University of Michigan, Vol.XII, Number 7. Holcova, K. (2002). Silurian and Devonian Foraminifers and Other Acid-Resistant Microfossils from the Barrandian Area. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B, Natural History, 58(3-4). Holcova, K. and L. Slavik (2013). The morphogroups of small agglutinated foraminifera from the Devonian carbonate complex of the Prague Synform, (Barrandian area, Czech Republic). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 386. Malec, J. (1992). Arenaceous Foraminifera from Lower-Middle Devonian Boundary Beds of Western Part of the Góry Świętokrzyskie Mts. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, Vol.62. Schieber, J. (2009). Discovery of agglutinized benthic foraminfera in Devonian black shales and their relevance for the redox state of ancient seas. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 271. Carboniferous Carboniferous - Africa/Middle East Leven, E.Ja. and M.N. Gorgij (2008). New Fusulinids of the Moscovian Stage Found in Iran. Stratigraphy and Geological Correlations, Vol.16, Number 4. Leven, E.Ja. and M.N. Gorgij (2006). Upper Carboniferous - Permian stratigraphy and fusulinids from the Anarak region, central Iran. Russian Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol.8. Leven, E.Ja., V.I. Davydov and M.N. Gorgij (2006). Pennsylvanian Stratigraphy and Fusulinids of Central and Eastern Iran. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.9, Issue 1. Okuyucu, C. (2009). Systematics and biostratigraphic notes of the upper Moscovian-upper Gzhelian fusulinid foraminifers from the Anatolian Platform in the Southern Turkey. Geologica Balcanica, 38, 1-3. Carboniferous - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Leven, E.Ja. (1998). Stratigraphy and Fusulinids of the Moscovian Stage (Middle Carboniferous) in the Southwestern Darvaz (Pamir). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.104, Number 1. Ota, Y. (1994). Upper Carboniferous Fusulinids from Mt. Maruyama, Mine City, Yamaguchi Prefecture. Bull. Kitakyushu Mus.Nat.Hist., 13. Carboniferous - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Blazejowski, B., A. Holda-Michalska and K. Michalski (2006). Schellwienia arctica (Fusulinidae) from the Carboniferous-?Permian strata of the Treskelodden Formation, south Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research, Vol.27, Number 1. Colpaert, C. (2014). The Tournaisian (Early Carboniferous) Foraminifers from the Kuznetsk Basin (South-West Siberia, Russia): Taxonomy, Biometry, Biostratigraphy. Examensarbete vid Institutionen fӧr geovetenskaper, Number 303. Davydov, V.I. and I. Nilsson (1999). Fusulinid Succession from the Middle-Upper Carboniferous Boundary Beds on Spitsbergen, Arctic Norway. Palaeontologia Electronica. Davydov, V.I., I. Nilsson and L. Stemmerik (2001). Fusulinid zonation of the Upper Carboniferous Kap Jungersen and Foldedal Formations, southern Amdrup Land, eastern North Greenland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, Vol.48. Khodjanyazova, R.R., et al. (2014). Climate- and eustasy-driven cyclicity in Pennsylvanian fusulinid assemblages, Donets Basin (Ukraine). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 396. Kulagina, E.I. (2009). Evolution of the fusulinid Depratina in the Bashkirian-Moscovian interval. Palaeoworld, 18. Strank, A.R.E. (1983). New Stratigraphically Significant Foraminifera from the Dinantian of Great Britian. Palaeontology, Vol.26, Part 2. Carboniferous - North America Alexander, R.D. (1954). Desmoinesian Fusulinids of Northeastern Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey, Circular No. 31. Cushman, J.A. and J.A. Waters (1930). Foramina of the Cisco Group (Exclusive of the Fusilinidae). The University of Texas Bulletin Number 3019. Douglass, R.C. (1971). Pennsylvanian Fusulinids from Southeastern Alaska. Geological Survey Professional Paper 706. Dunbar, C.O. (1932). Fusulinids of the Big Lake Oil Field, Reagan County, Texas. In: Contributions to Geology, 1932. University of Texas Bulletin 3201. (Note: the download includes the entire bulletin. The article on Fusulinids is on pages 46-51 of the pdf file.) Galloway, J.J. and C. Ryniker (1930). Foraminifera from the Atoka Formation of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey, Circular Number 21. Groves, J.R. (1983). Calcareous Foraminifers and Algae from the Type Morrowan (Lower Pennsylvanian) Region of Northeastern Oklahoma and Northwestern Kansas. Oklahoma Geological Survey, Bulletin 133. Harris, R.W. and T.C. Jobe (1956). Chester Foraminifera and Ostracoda from the Ringwood Pool of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey, Circular 39. Mamet, B.L. (1985). Carboniferous Foraminifera and Algae of the Amsden Formation (Mississippian and Pennsylvanian) of Wyoming. United States Geological Survey, Professional Paper 848-B. Mamet, B.L., S. Pinard and A.K. Armstrong (1993). Micropaleontological Zonation (Foraminifers, Algae) and Stratigraphy, Carboniferous Peratrovich Formation, Southeastern Alaska. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2031. Marple, M.F. (1955). Small Foraminifera of the Pottsville Formation in Ohio. The Ohio Journal of Science, 55(2). Myers, D.A. (1988). Stratigraphic Distribution of Fusulinid Foraminifera from the Manzano Mountains, New Mexico. United States Geological Survey, Professional Paper 1446-A, B. Myers, D.A. (1988). Stratigraphic Distribution of some Pennsylvanian Fusulinids from the Sandia Formation and the Los Moyos Limestone, Manzano Mountains, New Mexico. United States Geological Survey, Professional Paper 1446-A. Myers, D.A. (1960). Stratigraphic Distribution of Some Pennsylvanian Fusulinidae from Brown and Coleman Counties, Texas. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 315-C. Nail, R.S. (1996). Middle-Late Pennsylvanian Fusulinid Faunas from Midcontinent North America and the Paradox Basin, Utah and Colorado. Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas Tech University. Plummer, H.J. (1930). Calcareous Foraminifera in the Brownwood Shale near Bridgeport, Texas. The University of Texas Bulletin, Number 3019. Sabins, F.F. and C.A. Ross (1965). Stratigraphy and Fusulinids of Naco Group in Chiricahua and Dos Cabezas Mountains, Arizona. In: Southwestern New Mexico II. Fitzsimmons, J.P. and C.L. Balk (eds.), New Mexico Geological Society 16th Annual Fall Field Conference Guidebook. Smyth, P. (1957). Fusulinids from the Pennsylvanian Rocks of Ohio. The Ohio Journal of Science, Vol.57, Number 5. Thomas, H.D. (ed.)(1953). Fusulinids of the Casper Formation of Wyoming. The Geological Survey of Wyoming, Bulletin Number 46. Verville, G.J., G.A. Sanderson and M.E. Madsen (1986). Pennsylvanian Fusulinids from the Fra Cristobal Range, Sierra County, New Mexico. New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 37th Field Conference, Truth or Consequences, 1986. Wahlman, G.P. and R.R. West (2010). Fusulinids from the Howe Limestone Member (Red Eagle Limestone, Council Grove Group) in Northeastern Kansas and their Significance to the North American Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) - Permian Boundary. Current Research in Earth Sciences, Bulletin 258, Part 4. Carboniferous - South America/Central America/Caribbean Stevens, C.H., F.G. Poole and R. Amaya-Martinez (2014). Late Paleozoic fusulinids from Sonora, Mexico: Importance for interpretation of depositional settings, biogeography and paleotectonics. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, Vol.31, Number 1. Permian Permian - Africa/Middle East Davydov, V.I. and S. Arefifard (2007). Permian Fusulinid Fauna of Peri-Gondwanan Affinity from the Kalmard Region, East-Central Iran and its Significance for Tectonics and Paleogeography. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.10, Issue 2. Okuyucu, C. and M.C. Goncuoglu (2010). Middle-late Asselian (Early Permian) fusulinid fauna from the post-Variscan cover in NW Anatolia (Turkey): Biostratigraphy and geological implications. Geobios, 43. Orlov-Labkovsky, O. (2003). Permian Fusulinids (Foraminifera) of the Subsurface of Israel: Taxonomy and Biostratigraphy. Revista Española de Micropaleontologia, 36(3). Skinner, J.W. (1969). Permian Foraminifera from Turkey. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 36. Skinner, J.W. and G.L. Wilde (1967). Permian Foraminifera from Tunisia. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 30. Permian - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Choi, D.R. (1973). Permian Fusulinids from the Setamai-Yahagi District, Southern Kitakami Mountains. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, 16(1). (19.5MB download) Choi, D.R. (1970). Permian Fusulinids from Imo, Southern Kitakami Mountains, N.E. Japan. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, 14(3). Choi, D.R. (1970). On Some Permian Fusulinids from Iwaizaki, N.E. Japan. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Series 4, Geology and Mineralogy, 14(3). Huang, H. (2011). Fusulinid species determination based on population variation: An example from Eopolydiexodina. Science China - Earth Sciences, Vol.54, Number 3. Permian - Australia/New Zealand Crespin, I. (1958). Permian Foraminifera of Australia. Commonwealth of Australia Department of National Development, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Bulletin Number 48. (48 MB download) Hornibrook, N. de B. (1951). Permian Fusulinid Foraminifera from the North Auckland Peninsula, New Zealand. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol.79, Part 2. Permian - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Nestell, G.P., et al. (2011). Foraminifera from the Permian-Triassic transition in western Slovenia. Micropaleontology, Vol.57, Number 3. Skinner, J.W. and G.L. Wilde (1966). Permian Fusulinids from Sicily. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 8. Permian - North America Myers, D.A. (1988). Stratigraphic Distribution of Fusulinid Foraminifera from the Manzano Mountains, New Mexico. United States Geological Survey, Professional Paper 1446-A, B. Ross, C.A. (1962). 236. Fusulinids from the Leonard Formation (Permian), Western Glass Mountains, Texas. Contributions from the Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Vol.XIII, Part 1. Ross, C.A. and J.R.P. Ross (2003). Fusulinid Sequence Evolution and Sequence Extinction in Wolfcampian and Leonardian Series (Lower Permian), Glass Mountains, West Texas. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.109, Number 2. Sabins, F.F. and C.A. Ross (1965). Stratigraphy and Fusulinids of Naco Group in Chiricahua and Dos Cabezas Mountains, Arizona. In: Southwestern New Mexico II. Fitzsimmons, J.P. and C.L. Balk (eds.), New Mexico Geological Society 16th Annual Fall Field Conference Guidebook. Skinner, J.W. (1971). New Lower Permian Fusulinids from Culberson County, Texas. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 53. Skinner, J.W. and G.L. Wilde (1966). Permian Fusulinids from Pacific Northwest and Alaska. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 4. (Download from site.) Skinner, J.W. and G.L. Wilde (1965). Permian Biostratigraphy and Fusulinid Faunas of the Shasta Lake area, northern California. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 39, Protozoa 6. (Download from site.) Thomas, H.D. (ed.)(1953). Fusulinids of the Casper Formation of Wyoming. The Geological Survey of Wyoming, Bulletin Number 46. Thompson, M.L. (1954). American Wolfcampian Fusulinids. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 14, Protozoa 5. (Download from site.) Williams, T.E. (1963). Fusulinidae of the Hueco Group (Lower Permian), Hueco Mountains, Texas. Peabody Museum of Natural History - Yale University, Bulletin 18. Permian - South America/Central America/Caribbean Perez-Ramos, O. and M. Nestell (2002). Permian fusulinids from Cobachi, central Sonora, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, Vol.19, Number 1. Ross, C.A. (1962). Permian Foraminifera from British Honduras. Palaeontology, Vol.5, Part 2. Stevens, C.H., F.G. Poole and R. Amaya-Martinez (2014). Late Paleozoic fusulinids from Sonora, Mexico: Importance for interpretation of depositional settings, biogeography and paleotectonics. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, Vol.31, Number 1. Triassic Kristan-Tollmann, E. (1988). A Comparison of Late Triassic Agglutinated Foraminifera of Western and Eastern Tethys. Abh.Geol.B.-A., Vol.41. Payne, J.L., et al. (2011). Early and Middle Triassic trends in diversity, evenness, and size of foraminifers from a carbonate platform in south China: implications for tempo and mode of biotic recovery from the end-Permian mass extinction. Paleobiology, 37(3). Rigaud, S., R. Martini and R. Rettori (2013). A new genus of Norian involutinid foraminifers: Its morphological, biostratigraphic, and evolutionary significance. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 58(2). Styk, O. (1975). Foraminifera from the Lower and Middle Triassic of Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, Vol.XX, Number 4. Tappan, H. (1951). Foraminifera from the Arctic Slope of Alaska - General Introduction and Part 1, Triassic Foraminifera. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 236-A. Jurassic BouDagher-Fadel, M.K. and A.R. Lord (2002). Larger Foraminifera of the Jurassic Western Tethys Ocean. Archaeology & History in Lebanon, Issue 15. Gordon, W.A. (1961). Some Foraminifera from the Ampthill Clay, Upper Jurassic, of Cambridgeshire. Palaeontology, Vol.4, Part 4. Kottachchi, N. (2001). Jurassic Foraminifera from the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia: biostratigraphy, paleoenvironments and paleogeographic implications. Masters Thesis - Carleton University. Lalicker, C.G. (1950). Foraminifera of the Ellis Group, Jurassic, at the Type Locality. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 5, Protozoa 2. Lloyd, A.J. (1959). Arenaceous Foraminifera from the Type Kimeridgian (Upper Jurassic). Palaeontology, Vol.1, Part 4. Rigaud, S., et al. (2015). Taxonomy, phylogeny, and functional morphology of the foraminiferal genus Involutina. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 60(1). Schmid, D.U. and R.R. Leinfelder (1996). The Jurassic Lithocodium aggregatum - Troglotella incrustans Foraminiferal Consortium. Palaeontology, Vol.39, Part 1. Tappan, H. (1955). Foraminifera from the Arctic Slope of Alaska - Part 2. Jurassic Foraminifera. U.S. Geological Survey Report. Cretaceous Cretaceous - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Asano, K. (1950) Upper Cretaceous Foraminifera from Japan. Pacific Science, Vol. IV. Cretaceous - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Alegret, L., E. Molina and E. Thomas (2003). Benthic foraminiferal turnover across the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary at Agost (southeastern Spain): paleoenvironmental inferences. Marine Micropaleontology, 48. Barr, F.T. (1966). Upper Cretaceous Foraminifera from the Ballydeanlea Chalk, County Kerry, Ireland. Palaeontology, Vol. 9, Part 3. Barr, F.T. (1961) Upper Cretaceous Planktonic Foraminifera from the Isle of Wight, England. Palaeontology, Vol.4, Part 4. Renema, W. and M.B. Hart (2012). Larger benthic Foraminifera of the type Maastrichtian. In: Fossils of the type Maastrichtian (Part 1). Jagt, J.W.M., S.K. Donovan and E.A. Jagt-Yazykova (eds.), Scripta Geologica Special Issue 8. Rogl, F. (1995). A Late Cretaceous Flysch-type Agglutinated Foraminiferal Fauna from the Trochamminoides proteus Type Locality (Wien-Hutteldorf, Austria). In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on Agglutinated Foraminifera, Krakow, Poland. Kaminski, M.A., S. Geroch and M.A. Gasinski (eds.), Grzybowski Foundation Special Publication Number 3. Cretaceous - North America Abramovich, S., et al. (2011). Maastrichtian Planktic Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy and Paleoenvironment of Brazos River, Falls County, Texas, USA. In: The End-Cretaceous Mass Extinction and the Chicxulub Impact in Texas. SEPM Special Bulletin 100. Beddoes, L.R. (1959). Foraminiferal Populations of the Goodland Formation, Tarrant County, Texas. Field & Laboratory, SMU, 27(2). Carsey, D.O. (1926). Foraminifera of the Cretaceous of Central Texas. University of Texas Bulletin, Number 2612. Frizzell, D.L. (1954). Handbook of Cretaceous Foraminifera of Texas. Bureau of Economic Geology, Report of Investigations Number 22. (230 pages) Loeblich, A.R. and H. Tappan (1950). Foraminifera from the Type Kiowa Shale, Lower Cretaceous, of Kansas. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 6, Protozoa 3. Martin, L. (1964). Upper Cretaceous and Lower Tertiary Foraminifera from Fresno County, California. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, Sonderband 9. Patterson, R.T., J.W. Haggart and A.P. Dalby (2010). A Guide to Late Albian-Cenomanian (Cretaceous) Foraminifera from the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, Canada. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.13, Issue 2. Sliter, W.V. (1968). Upper Cretaceous Foraminifera from Southern California and Northwestern Baja California, Mexico. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 49, Protozoa 7. (Download from site) Cretaceous - South America/Central America/Caribbean Alegret, L., E. Molina and E. Thomas (2001). Benthic foraminifera at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary around the Gulf of Mexico. Geology, Vol.29, Number 10. Omana, L. and G. Alencaster (2009). Lower Aptian shallow-water benthic foraminiferal assemblage from the Chilacachapa range in the Guerrero-Morelos Platform, south Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, Vol.26, Number 3. Sliter, W.V. (1968). Upper Cretaceous Foraminifera from Southern California and Northwestern Baja California, Mexico. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 49, Protozoa 7. (Download from site) Paleocene Afzal, J., et al. (2005). Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy and Paleoenvironments of the Paleocene Lockhart Limestone from Kotal Pass, Kohat, Northern Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Hydrocarbon Research, Vol.15. Malarkodi, N., et al. (2010). Foraminifera from the Early Danian Intertrappean Beds in Rajahmundry Quarries, Andhra Pradesh. Journal Geological Society of India, Vol.75. Eocene Anan, H.S. (2005). Agglutinated Middle-Upper Eocene foraminifera in Jabal Hafit, Al Ain area, United Arab Emirates. Revue de Paleobiolgie, Geneve, 24(1). Lunt, P. (2003). Biogeography of Some Eocene Larger Foraminifera and Their Application in Distinguishing Geological Plates. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.6, Issue 2. Plummer, H.J. (1932). Foraminiferal Evidence of the Midway-Wilcox Contact in Texas. In: Contributions to Geology, 1932. University of Texas Bulletin 3201. (Note: download includes the entire bulletin. The article on Forams is on pages 28-45 of the pdf file.) Todd, R. (1970). Smaller Foraminifera of Late Eocene Age from Eua, Tonga. Geological Survey Professional Paper 640-A. Oligocene Gedik, F. (2008). Foraminiferal description and biostratigraphy of the Oligocene shallow marine sediments in Denizli region, SW Turkey. Revue de Paleobiologie, Geneve, 27(1). Miocene Adams, C.G. (1959). Geologial Distribution of Discospirina (Foraminifera) and Occurrence of D. italica in the Miocene of Cyprus. Palaeontology, Vol.1, Part 4. Belford, D.J. (1962). Miocene and Pliocene Planktonic Foraminifera, Papua-New Guinea. Commonwealth of Australia, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Bulletin Number 62. Buzas, M.A. and T.G. Gibson (1990). Spatial Distribution of Miocene Foraminifera at Calvert Cliffs, Maryland. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, Number 68. Crihan, I.-M. (2000). Palaeoecology of the Badenian Foraminifera Between the Prahova Valley and Teleajen Valley (Subcarpathians of Muntenia). Hayward, B.W. and M.A. Buzas (1979). Taxonomy and Paleoecology of Early Miocene Benthic Foraminifera of Northern New Zealand and the North Tasman Sea. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, Number 36. Pliocene Belford, D.J. (1962). Miocene and Pliocene Planktonic Foraminifera, Papua-New Guinea. Commonwealth of Australia, Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Bulletin Number 62. General Forams and Fusilinids Barnard, T. (1958). Some Mesozoic Adherent Foraminifera. Palaeontology, Vol.1, Part 2. Bellier, J.-P., R. Mathieu and B. Granier (2010). Short Treatise on Foraminiferology (Essential on modern and fossil foraminifera). Carnets de Geologie, 2(2). Burnaby, T.P. (1961). The Palaeoecology of the Foraminifera of the Chalk Marl. Palaeontology, Vol.4, Part 4. Carter, D.J. (1957). The Distribution of the Foraminifer Alliatina excentrica (Di Napoli Alliata) and the New Genus Alliatinella. Palaeontology, Vol.1, Part 1. Coxall, H.K., et al. (2007). Iterative evolution of digitate planktonic foraminifera. Paleobiology, 33(4). Cushman, J.A. (1959). A Monograph of the Foraminiferal Family Nonionidae. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 191. Davydov, V. (2014). Warm water benthic foraminifera document the Pennsylvanian-Permian warming and cooling events - The record from Western Pangaea tropical shelves. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 414. Dilley, F.C. (1973). Larger Foraminifera and Seas Through Time. Special Papers in Palaeontology, Number 12. Douglass, R.C. (1987). Fusulinid Biostratigraphy and Correlations Between the Appalachians and Eastern Interior Basins. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1451. Douglass, R.C. (1960). The Foraminiferal Genus Orbitolina in North America. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 333. Holbourn, A.E. and A.S. Henderson (2002). Re-Illustration and Revised Taxonomy for Selected Deep-Sea Benthic Foraminifers. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.4, Issue 2. Huang, H. (2011). Fusulinid species determination based on population variation: An example from Eopolydiexodina. Science China - Earth Sciences, Vol.54, Number 3. Kochansky-Devide, V. (1969). Parallel Tendencies in the Evolution of the Fusulinids. Rocznik Polskiego Towarzystwa Geologicznego, Vol.XXXIX. Murray, J.W. and E. Alve (2011). The distribution of agglutinated foraminifera in NW European seas: Baseline data for the interpretation of fossil assemblages. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.14, Issue 2. Murray, J.W. and C.A. Wright (1974). Palaeogene Foraminiferida and Palaeoecology, Hampshire and Paris Basins and the English Channel. Special Papers in Palaeontology, Number 14. Nielsen, K.S.S., J.K. Nielsen and R.G. Bromley (2003). Palaeoecological and Ichnological Signifiance of Microborings in Quaternary Foraminifera. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.6, Issue 1. Pawlowski, J., et al. (2003). The evolution of early Foraminifera. PNAS, Vol.100, Number 20. Platon, E. (1997). Coiling Modes in the Family Plectorecurvoididae (Foraminiferida). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, Vol.67. Schmidt, D.N., et al. (2004). Abiotic Forcing of Plankton Evolution in the Cenozoic. Science, Vol.303. Shi, Y. and N. MacLeod (2016). Identification of life-history stages in fusulinid foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology, 122. Skinner, J.W. (1971). The Fusulinid Genera Polydiexodina and Skinnerina. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 57. Smout, A.H. and F.E. Eames (1958). The Genus Archaias (Forminifera) and its Stratigraphical Distribution. Palaeontology, Vol.1, Part 3. Stainforth, R.M., et al. (1975). Cenozoic Planktonic Foraminiferal Zonation and Characteristics of Index Forms. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 62. (Download from site.) Thompson, M.L. (1948). Studies of American Fusulinids. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 4, Protozoa 1. (184 Pages, download from site.) Utah Geological Survey and A.J. Wells (2017). Fossil Fusulinid Evaluation Results for the Rush Valley, Wildcat Mountain, Grouse Creek and Tremonton 30' X 60' Quadrangles, Utah. Utah Geological Survey, Open-File Report 664. Vachard, D., L. Pille and J. Gaillot (2010). Palaeozoic Foraminifera: Systematics, palaeoecology and responses to global changes. Revue de micropaleontologie, 53. Wade, B.S., et al. (2011). Review and revision of Cenozoic tropical planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy and calibration to the geomagnetic polarity and astronomical time scale. Earth Science Reviews, 104. White, M.P. (1932). Some Texas Fusulinidae. The University of Texas Bulletin, Number 3211. Wray, C.G., et al. (1995). Origin of the foraminifera. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci. USA, Vol.92.
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