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Found 8 results


    My backyard find, a few miles north west of Long Beach. I found the smaller pieces (which appear to be mushroom, then hit a large rock, removed the rock and saw a corner of this sticking out. Still working on cleaning it with a soft brush as it is VERY fragile!
  2. Hi All, This specimen is from a pile of tumbled rocks, no provenance. My best is guess that is Rhynie chert with sections of silicified fungus or early plants. However, it might just look similar. No clear cellular structures are visible. The circles are 13 and 4 mm in diameter. An expert opinion would be much appreciated. Thanks in advance!
  3. Petrified Fungus?

    Hello everyone, I'm new to this forum, but I always lurked here without an account and learned a lot, so I made one to become part of the community since I collect and study fossils as a hobby. Now for the piece mentioned on the title, would you be able to help me figure what kind of fossil (or even if its one) is this? The structure reminds me of some fungus, like a polypore, but I cant figure what kind it is or if its an igneous rock or some kind of wood. I know some bracket fungus when dry can become really hard. Unfortunaly I dont have the item in my hands right now, as its from an auction that I won and I'm still going to retrieve it from the owner. All he knows is that it came from an american geologist collection in California and that it is really really old. It has 19 cm, not sure about the weigh tho. Thanks!
  4. Possible Mushroom Fossil

    Hey, everyone. I found this a few years back and thought how strange it would be for a mushroom to achieve fossilization, so I kept it as a sort of trophy on my desk until losing track of it during a move to a different city and then forgetting all about it. I found it again earlier today, however, and was once again struck by how unlikely a mushroom fossil was, especially one not embedded in amber or stone. After some investigation, the odds seem even greater that it can't be. Nevertheless, the gills seem undeniable to me, and it's as light as you'd imagine a fossilized mushroom would be. I figured I'd bring the mystery to people who would enjoy solving it, so here we are. Thoughts? Did the cosmic mycelia arrange a discovery too synchronous to allow the possibility of a cold and empty universe devoid of meaning? Or am I just some jerk with a rock? In case it matters, this was found in central Texas some time in late 2016. Unfortunately, I can't recall the exact moment of discovery right now. It was either in the hill country near New Braunfels or along a hike and bike trail in North Austin.
  5. Petrified brain coral?

    I found this in my Seattle area yard, near the dead stump of a small maple. After washing and bleaching the septums appear filled with sand and shell bits. There is also something growing throughout it like a veinous system—likely plant? It is heavy. There are striated and mineralized layers. There is a ventricle feature and a faceted stem—it’s disturbingly brain-like. I feel honored to have finally guessed my way through your captcha (respect!)~~hoping someone can identify this oddity. Best guesses so far are coral or fungus, but I’ve not found any examples sporting this stem canal...
  6. Good evening to everyone, I am really very new to fossils and petrified items so I am at a loss as to what I may have and I need your help. My grandfather left me this piece when he passed away a few months ago and it was marked "Petrified Mushroom". I have included some photos for your review and if you have any questions please let me know. The mushroom, for lack of a better word, is about 22" long by 14" deep by about 3/8" in height. It weighs just about 74 grams and has a spot in the middle that looks like wood, it looks like it was cut or removed from a piece of wood maybe a tree. Any help anyone could provide would be extremely appreciated. If this is the wrong forum to ask about my item I deeply apologize, just let me know and I will remove the post right away. Thank you again and I hope everyone has a great week.
  7. Plant? Fungus?

    Any thoughts? fern or precambrian creature? found in a creek in Saucon Valley near Hellertown, PA.
  8. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since April 26, 2017. Kingdom Fungi Fossil Fungi - Antarctica Garcia Massini, J.L. (2007). A Possible Endoparasitic Chytridiomycete Fungus from the Permian of Antarctica. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.10, Issue 3. Harper, C.J., et al. (2016). Structurally preserved fungi from Antarctica: diversity and interactions in late Palaeozoic and Mesozoic polar forest ecosystems. Antarctic Science, 23(3). Harper, C.J., et al. (2015). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a voltzialian conifer from the Triassic of Antarctica. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. Krings, M., et al. (2012). Fossil fungi with suggested affinities to the Endogonaceae from the Middle Triassic of Antarctica. Mycologia, 104(4). Osborn, J.M., T.N. Taylor and J.F. White (1989). Palaeofibulus Gen.Nov., A Clamp-Bearing Fungus from the Triassic of Antarctica. Mycologia, 81(4). Schwendemann, A.B., et al. (2009). Combresomyces cornifer from the Triassic of Antarctica: Evolutionary stasis in the Peronosporomycetes. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 154. Fossil Fungi - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Kar, R.K., B.D. Mandaokar and R.Kar (2005). Mycorrhizal fossil fungi from the Miocene sediments of Mizoram, Northeast India. Current Science, Vol.89, Number 2. Kumaran, K.P.N., M. Shindikar and R.B. Limaye (2004). Fossil record of marine manglicolous fungi from Malvan (Konkan) west coast of India. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, 33(3). Poinar, G.O., D. da Silva Alfredo and I.G. Baseia (2014). A Gasteroid Fungus, Palaeogaster micromorpha Gen.& Sp. Nov. (Boletales) in Cretaceous Myanmar Amber. J.Bot.Res.Inst. Texas, 8(1). Sung, G.-H., G.O. Poinar and J.W. Spatafora (2008). The oldest fossil evidence of animal parasitism by fungi supports a Cretaceous diversification of fungal-arthropod symbioses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, xxx. Fossil Fungi - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Dotzler, N., et al. (2011). Sphenophyllum (Sphenophyllales) leaves colonized by fungi from the Upper Pennsylvanian Grand-Croix cherts of central France. Zitteliana, A51. Hūbers, M., et al. (2011). An Early Carboniferous leaf-colonizing fungus. N.Jb.Geol.Paläont.Abh., 261/1. Krings, M. and T.N. Taylor (2015). Mantled fungal reproductive units in land plant tissue from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert. Bulletin of Geosciences, 90(1). Krings, M. and T.N. Taylor (2014). Deciphering interfungal relationships in the 410-million-yr-old Rhynie chert: an intricate interaction between two mycelial fungi. Symbiosis, 64(2). Krings, M. and T.N. Taylor (2014). A mantled fungal reproductive unit from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert that demonstrates Carboniferous "sporocarp" morphology and development. N.Jb.Geol.Palaont.Abh., 273/2. Krings, M., and T.N. Taylor (2012). Microfossils with possible affinities to the zygomycetous fungi in a Carboniferous cordaitalean ovule. Zitelliana, A52. Krings, M., T.N. Taylor and J.F. White (2011). Fungal sporocarps from the Carboniferous: An unusual specimen of Traquairia. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 168. Krings, M., et al. (2015). Deciphering interfungal relationships in the 410-million-yr-old Rhynie chert: Sporocarp formation in glomeromycotan spores. Geobios, 48. Krings, M., et al. (2014). A record of a fungal "sporocarp" from the Lower Devonian Rhynie Chert. Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, 94(2). Krings, M., et al. (2011). Fungal remains in cordaite (Cordaitales) leaves from the Upper Pennsylvanian of central France. Bulletin of Geosciences, 86(4). Krings, M., et al. (2010). Microfungi from the upper Visean (Mississippian) of central France: Structure and development of the sporocarp Mycocarpon cinctum nov.sp. Zitteliana, A50. Schmidt, A.R., H. Dörfelt and V. Perrichot (2008). Palaeoanellus dimorphus Gen. et Sp.Nov. (Deuteromycotina): A Cretaceous Predatory Fungus. American Journal of Botany, 95(10). Schmidt, A.R., H. Dörfelt and V. Perrichot (2007). Carnivorous Fungi from Cretaceous Amber. Science, Vol.318. Smith, P.H. (1980). Trichothyriaceous Fungi from the Early Tertiary of Southern England. Palaeontology, Vol.23, Part 1. Strullu-Derrien, C., et al. (2011). Evidence of parasitic Oomycetes (Peronospormycetes) infecting the stem cortex of the Carboniferous seed fern Lyginopteris oldhamia. Proc.R.Soc. B, 278. Fossil Fungi - North America Anderson, R.S., et al. (1984). Fossil remains of the mycorrhizal fungal Glomus fasciculatum complex in postglacial lake sediments from Maine. Can.J.Bot., 62. Daghlian, C.P. (1978). A New Melioloid Fungus From the Early Eocene of Texas. Palaeontology, Vol.21, Part 1. Dilcher, D.L. (1965). Epiphyllous Fungi from Eocene Deposits in Western Tennessee, U.S.A. Palaeontographica, Vol.116, B. LePage, B.A., et al. (1997). Fossil Ectomycorrhizae from the Middle Eocene. American Journal of Botany, 84(3). Peterson, K.J., B. Waggoner and J.W. Hagadorn (2003). A Fungal Analog for Newfoundland Ediacaran Fossils? Integr.Comp.Biol., 43. Redecker, D., R. Kodner and L.E. Graham (2000). Glomalean Fungi from the Ordovician. Science, Vol.289. Smith, S.Y., R.S. Currah and R.A. Stockey (2004). Cretaceous and Eocene poroid hymenophores from Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Mycologia, 96(1). Fossil Fungi - South America/Central America/Caribbean Hibbett, D.S., M.J. Donoghue and P.B. Tomlinson (1997). Is Phellinites diguistoi the Oldest Homobasidiomycete? American Journal of Botany, 84(8). General Fossil Fungi Boyce, C.K., et al. (2007). Devonian landscape heterogeneity recorded by a giant fungus. Geology, Vol.35, Number 5. Cai, C., et al. (2017). Mycophagous rove beetles highlight diverse mushrooms in the Cretaceous. Nature Communications, 18:14894. (Thanks to doushantuo for locating this one!) Casadevall, A. (2005). Fungal virulence, vertebrate endothermy, and dinosaur extinction: is there a connection? Fungal Genetics and Biology, 42. Cookson, I.C. (1947). Fossil Fungi from Tertiary Deposits in the Southern Hemisphere - Part I. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 72. Hibbett, D.S., D. Grimalidi and M.J. Donoghue (1997). Fossil Mushrooms from Miocene and Cretaceous Ambers and the Evolution of Homobasidiomycetes. American Journal of Botany, 84(8). Hibbett, D.S., et al. (1997). Evolution of gilled mushrooms and puffballs inferred from ribosomal DNA sequences. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci. U.S.A., Vol.94. Jansonius, J. and R.M. Kalgutkar (2000). Redescription of Some Fossil Fungal Spores. Palynology, 24. Kalgutkar, R.M. and L. Sigler (1995). Some fossil fungal form-taxa from the Maastrichtian and Palaeogene ages. Mycol.Res., 99(5). Kar, R.K., N. Sharma and R. Kar (2004). Occurrence of fossil fungi in dinosaur dung and its implications on food habit. Current Science, Vol.87, Number 8. Krings, M., T.N. Taylor and N. Dotzler (2013). Fossil evidence of the zygomycetous fungi. Persoonia, Issue 30. (Review Article) Krings, M., T.N. Taylor and N. Dotzler (2012). Chapter 1. Fungal Endophytes as a Driving Force in Land Plant Evolution: Evidence from the Fossil Record. In: Biocomplexity of Plant-Fungal Interactions. Southworth, D. (ed.), John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Krings, M., T.N. Taylor and N. Dotzler (2011). The fossil record of the Peronosporomycetes (Oomycota). Mycologia, 103(3). Krings, M., et al. (2011). Oldest fossil basidiomycete clamp connections. Mycoscience, 52. Poinar, G.O. (2016). Fossil Fleshy Fungi ("Mushrooms") in Amber. Fungal Genomics & Biology, 6:2. Redecker, D. (2002). New views on fungal evolution based on DNA markers and the fossil record. Research in Microbiology, 153. Taylor, J.W. and M.L. Berbee (2006). Dating divergences in the Fungal Tree of Life: review and new analyses. Mycologia, 98(6). Taylor, T.N., M. Krings and E.L. Taylor (2005). Chapter 10. Fungal diversity in the fossil record. In: The Mycota VII, Part B - Systematics and Evolution. McLaughlin, D.J. and J.W. Spatafora (eds.), Springer-Verlag. Yang, E., et al. (2012). Origin and evolution of carnivorism in the Ascomycota (fungi). PNAS, Vol.109, Number 27.