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Found 12 results

  1. Machairodus lower jaw?

    Hi everyone! I need help! I Will have this specimens in a few weeks.The biggest one is Machairodus horibilis lower jaw, i hope so. I got these stuff from my friend from China. Also, as u can see there is a lower canine from a Cave Hyena. But it's somehow long and tick for a Hyena canine. I don't know what to think about the lower jaw, it's more similar to canids and Hyenas then to felids. And yes, at the end phalanx of ferret? If someone can help somehow to determine this, that Will help me a lot to know what's the real truth. Thanks guys again! Darko
  2. Artic hyenas?

    Interesting article on a fossil tooth that his been "buried" in a museum vault for years. It was recently identified as a type of hyena that may have roamed the Arctic Circle. NYT subscribers, or those who haven't gone over a free limit, should be able to read. Cheers. Arctic hyena tooth fossil
  3. A news story about the description of fossil hyena teeth from Yukon Territory in Canada is available online: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/06/190618070804.htm The discovery of fossil hyena teeth in Canada fills a gap in understanding the presence of fossil hyenas in the Midwest, showing that extinct hyenas entered North America from Mongolia via Beringia.
  4. Zdravo svima! "Hello everyone!" Again with Ice Age animals! Now with my favorite animal, the Cave Hyena or Crocuta crocuta spelaea.I've done it in my way,also using the spots of one cave painting where Cave Hyena has spots going from the head to the middle of the stomach.And,yes the ear has been bitten by other predator and now scar is visible.I hope u Will like this one Kind regards, Darko
  5. Cave Hyena

    Hope u like this one...
  6. hyena tooth

    I picked up this hyena tooth cheap ($14.50 shipped/ I am hoping to get some more details on the species designation. Info from the seller: Location: Hezheng Time period: Miocene Animal: hyena
  7. Cave Hyena Jaw Legit?

    I was thinking about buying this cave hyena jaw but am not knowledgable enough to know if it's legit or not..., they say its from Mongolia .Any advice would be appreciated!
  8. Fossil tooth ID

    Hello! I won these two teeth from an auction and I am curious as to what they may be. It was listed as a fossil hyena tooth and a smilodon (which I do not believe given the location of the find and anatomy of the tooth, although it does have serrations). Any help would be appreciated =) The teeth are said to come from the Gansu Province, China. Dimension: 1st: 7.3 x 1.9 x 1.2 cm 2nd: 4.6 x 1.3 x 0.8 cm
  9. English Hyena Diagram

    From the album Fossil Diagrams

  10. Cave Hyena jaw

    From the album Ice Age Europe

    A partial jaw (teeth missing) of the Cave Hyena from the Pleistocene North Sea. Crocuta crocuta spelaea.
  11. Hello! I recently purchased these two skulls from an estate auction and I would love to know what they are. I have a vague idea as to the identity but I would like a bit of help! Skull #1: Miocene period fossil of a hyena skull? 7 1/4" long, possibly Percrocuta Genus? Good condition with less than 15% restoration. Site: Turkey Skull #2: Miocene Period mustelidae or mephitidae skull fossil?; 4" long Excellent condition with less than 10% restoration. Site: Turkey
  12. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since June 11, 2018 . Order Carnivora Family Hyaenidae - The Hyenas and Their Relatives. Subfamily Ictitheriinae de Bonis, L., et al. (2005). Hyaenictitherium minimum: a new ictithere (Mammalia, Carnivora, Hyaenidae) from the Late Miocene of Toros-Menalla, Chad. C.R. Palevol, 4. Ghaffar, A. and M. Akhtar (2012). New fossil record of Hyaenictitherium pilgrimi (Carnivora: Hyaenidae) from Dhok Pathan Formation of Hasnot, Pakistan. Swiss J.Palaeontol., 131. Hunt, R.M. (1991). Evolution of the Aeluroid Carnivora: Viverrid Affinities of the Miocene Carnivoran Herpestides. American Museum Novitates, Number 3023. Hunt, R.M. and N. Solounias (1991). Evolution of the Aeluroid Carnivora: Hyaenid Affinities of the Miocene Carnivoran Tungurictis spocki from Inner Mongolia. American Museum Novitates, Number 3030. Lupták, P. (1995). Ictitherium viverrinum (Carnivora, Hyaenidae) from Upper Miocene of Western Slovakia. Geologica Carpathica, 46(6). Tseng, Z.J. and X. Wang (2007). The First Record of the Late Miocene Hyaenictitherium hyaenoides Zdansky (Carnivora: Hyaenidae) in Inner Mongolia and an Evaluation of the Genus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 27(3). Wang, X. (2004). New Materials of Tungurictis (Hyaenidae, Carnivora) from Tunggur Formation, Nei Mongol. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 42(2). Werdelin, L. (1988). Studies of fossil hyaenas: the genera Thalassictis Gervais ex Nordmann, Palhyaena Gervais, Hyaenictitherium Kretzoi, Lycyaena Hensel and Palinhyaena Qiu, Huang & Guo. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 92. Wolsan, M. and M. Morlo (1997). The Status of 'Plesictis' croizeti, 'Plesictis' gracilis and 'Lutra' minor: synonyms of the early Miocene viverrid Herpestides antiquus (Mammalia, Carnivora). Bull.nat.Hist.Mus.Lond. (Geol.), 53(1). Subfamily Hyaeninae - Spotted Hyenas, Brown Hyenas, Cave Hyenas and Their Relatives Hyaeninae - Africa/Middle East Berger, L.R., et al. (2009). A Mid-Pleistocene in situ fossil brown hyaena (Parahyaena brunnea) latrine from Gladysvale Cave, South Africa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 279. Cherin, M., et al. (2016). New material of hyaenids (Mammalia, Carnivora) from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania (Early Pleistocene). Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 55(1). de Bonis, L., et al. (2007). First occurrence of the 'hunting hyena' Chasmaporthetes in the Late Miocene fossil bearing localities of Toros Menalla, Chad (Africa). Bull.Soc.geol.Fr., Vol.178, Number 4. Kempe, S., et al. (2006). Hyena Caves in Jordan. Scientific Annals, School of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Special Volume 98. Morales, J., B. Senut and M. Pickford (2011). Crocuta dietrichi from Meob, Namibia: implications for the age of the Tsondab Sandstone in the coastal part of the Namib Desert. Estudios Geologicos, 67(2). Mutter, R.J., L.R. Berger and P. Schmid (2001). New Evidence of the Giant Hyaena, Pachycrocuta brevirostris (Carnivora, Hyaenidae), from the Gladysvale Cave Deposit (Plio-Pleistocene, John Nash Nature Reserve, Gauteng, South Africa). Palaeont.afr., 37. Randall, R.M. (1981). Fossil Hyaenidae from the Makapansgat Limeworks Deposit, South Africa. Palaeont.afr., 24. Şenyürek, M.S. A Study of the Remains of Crocuta from the Küçükyozgat District. Werdelin, L., A. Turner and N. Solounias (1994). Studies of fossil hyaenids: the genera Hyaenictis Gaudry and Chasmaporthetes Hay, with a reconsideration of the Hyaenidae of Langebaanweg, South Africa. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 111. Hyaeninae - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Galiano, H. and D. Frailey (1977). Chasmaporthetes kani, New Species from China, With Remarks on Phylogenetic Relationships of Genera within the Hyaenidae (Mammalia, Carnivora).American Museum Novitates, Number 2632. Huang, W. (1989). Taxonomy of the Hyaenidae (Hyaena and Crocuta) of the Pleistocene in China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 27(3). Khan, E. (1972). On a Skull of Shivalik Crocuta. Proc. Indian Natn. Sci. Acad., Vol.38 A, Numbers 5-6. Kurten, B. (1958). A Note on the Hyaenid Remains from the Lungtung Cave Described by Chia. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 2(3). Kurten, B. (1956). The Status and Affinities of Hyaena sinensis Owen and Hyaena ultima Matsumoto. American Museum Novitates, Number 1764. Sotnikova, M.V. (1994). The genus Chasmaporthetes Hay, 1921 from the Pliocene of Russia, Ukraine, Mongolia and Tadzhikistan. In: Palaeotheriology. Tatarinov, L.P. (ed.),Nauka, Moscow. Sheng, G.-L., et al. (2014). Pleistocene Chinese cave hyenas and the recent Eurasian history of the spotted hyena, Crocuta crocuta. Molecular Ecology, 23. Stuart, A.J. and A.M. Lister (2013). New radiocarbon evidence on the extirpation of the spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta (Erxl.) in northern Eurasia. Quaternary Science Reviews, xxx. (Article in Press) Suraprasit, K., et al. (2015). A complete skull of Crocuta crocuta ultima indicates a late Middle Pleistocene age for the Khok Sung (northeastern Thailand) vertebrate fauna. Quaternary International, 374. Tseng, Z.J. and C.-H. Chang (2007). Study of New Material of Crocuta crocuta ultima (Carnivora: Hyaenidae) from the Quaternary of Taiwan. Coll. and Res., 20. Tseng, Z.J., Q. Li and X. Wang (2013). A New Cursorial Hyena from Tibet, And Analysis of Biostratigraphy, Paleozoogeography, and Dental Morphology of Chasmaporthetes (Mammalia, Carnivora). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 33(6). Werdelin, L. (1988). Studies of fossil hyaenas: the genera Thalassictis Gervais ex Nordmann, Palhyaena Gervais, Hyaenictitherium Kretzoi, Lycyaena Hensel and Palinhyaena Qiu, Huang & Guo. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 92. Hyaeninae - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Anton, M., et al. (2006). A complete skull of Chasmaporthetes lunensis (Carnivora,Hyaenidae) from the Spanish Pliocene site of La Puebla Valverde (Teruel). Estudios Geologicos, 62(1). Baryshnikov, G.F. (2014). Late Pleistocene Hyena Crocuta ultima ussurica (Mammalia: Carnivora: Hyaenidae) from the Paleolithic Site in Geographical Society Cave in the Russian Far East. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS, Vol.318, Number 3. Baryshnikov, G.F. (1999). Chronological and geographical variability of Crocuta spelaea (Carnivora, Hyaenidae) from the Pleistocene of Russia. In: Mammoths and the Mammoth Fauna: Studies of an Extinct Ecosystem. Haynes, G., J. Klimowicz and J.W.F. Reumer (eds.), DEINSEA 6. Beke, D. (2010). The fossil cave hyaena of Goyet, Walsin and Hastiere (Belgium): osteometry and taphonomy. Masters Thesis - Universiteit Gent. de Bonis, L. and G. Koufos (1994). Some Hyaenidae from the Late Miocene of Macedonia (Greece) and a Contribution to the phylogeny of the Hunting Hyaenas. Munchner Geowiss., (A), 25. Carrión, J.S., et al. (2001). Pollen in hyaena coprolites reflects late glacial landscape in southern Spain. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 176. Diedrich, C.G. (2015). Ice Age Spotted Hyena Feeding Behavior on Neanderthals in Europe - Impact on Burial Destructions. Scholoxy, Vol.1, Issue 1. Diedrich, C.G. (2014). Palaeopopulations of Late Plesitocene Top Predators in Europe: Ice Age Spotted Hyenas and Steppe Lions in Battle and Competition about Prey. Hindawi Paleontology Journal, Vol.2014. Diedrich, C.G. (2012). Late Pleistocene Crocuta crocuta spelaea (Goldfuss, 1823) clans as Prezewalsi horse hunters and woolly rhinoceros scavengers at the open air commuting den and contemporary Neanderthal camp site Westeregeln (central Germany). Journal of Archaeological Science, 39. Diedrich, C.G. (2012). An Ice Age spotted hyena Crocuta crocuta spelaea (Goldfuss, 1823) population, their excrements and prey from the Late Pleistocene hyena den of the Sloup Cave in the Moravian Karst, Czech Republic. Historical Biology, Vol.24, Number 2. Diedrich, C.G. (2006). The Crocuta crocuta spelaea (Goldfuss, 1823) population from the early Late Pleistocene hyena open air prey deposit site Biedenstag (Bad Wildungen, Hess, NW Germany). Cranium, 23,2. Diedrich, C.G. and K. Zak (2006). Prey deposits and den sites of the Upper Pleistocene hyena Crocuta crocuta spelaea (Goldfuss, 1823) in horizontal and vertical caves of the Bohemian Karst (Czech Republic).Bulletin of Geosciences, Vol.81, 4. Ferretti, M.P. (1999). Tooth Enamel Structure in the Hyaenid Chasmaporthetes lunensis lunensis from the Late Pliocene of Italy, With Implications for Feeding Behavior. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 19(4). Kovachev, D. (2012). A complete skeleton of Adcrocuta eximia (Roth and Wagner, 1854) from the Upper Maeotian (Turolian) of Hadzhidimovo, SW Bulgaria. Geologica Balcanica, 41(1-3). Kurten, B. and R. Garevski (1989). Giant hyena, Hyaena brevirostris Aymard (Mammalia, Carnivora), from the Middle Pleistocene of Manastirec, Yugoslavia.Ann. Zool. Fennici, 26. Reumer, J., D. Mol and W. Borst (2010). The first Late Pleistocene coprolite of Crocuta crocuta spelaea from the North Sea. DEINSEA 14, Short Communication. Rook, L., et al. (2004). Chasmaporthetes melei N.Sp., An Endemic Hyaenid (Carnvora, Mammalia) from the Monte Tuttavista Fissure Fillings (Late Pliocene to Early Pleistocene; Sardinia, Italy). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.110, Number 3. Sauque, V., et al. (2017). Pleistocene cave hyenas in the Iberian Peninsula: New insights from Los Aprendices cave (Moncayo, Zaragoza). Palaeontologia Electronica, 20.1.11A. Sotnikova, M.V. (1994). The genus Chasmaporthetes Hay, 1921 from the Pliocene of Russia, Ukraine, Mongolia and Tadzhikistan. In: Palaeotheriology. Tatarinov, L.P. (ed.),Nauka, Moscow. Spassov, N. and T. Stoytchev (2004). Presence of cave hyaena (Crocuta crocuta spelaea) in the Upper Palaeolithic rock art of Europe. Historia naturalis bulgarica, 16. Stiner, M.C. (2004). Comparative ecology and taphonomy of spotted hyenas, humans, and wolves in Pleistocene Italy. Revue de Paléobiologie, Genève, 23(2). Stuart, A.J. and A.M. Lister (2013). New radiocarbon evidence on the extirpation of the spotted hyaena (Crocuta crocuta (Erxl.) in northern Eurasia. Quaternary Science Reviews, xxx. (Article in Press) Varela, S., et al. (2010). Were the Late Pleistocene climatic changes responsible for the disappearance of the European spotted hyena populations? Hindcasting a species geographic distribution across time. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29. Vinuesa, V., et al. (2014). New cranial remains of Pliocrocuta perrieri (Carnivora, Hyaenidae) from the Villafranchian of the Iberian Peninsula. Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 53(1). Vinuesa, V., et al. (2006). A New Skull of Hyaenictis Gaudry, 1861 (Carnivora, Hyaenidae) Shows Incipient Adaptations to Durophagy. J.Mammal.Evol., published on-line. Werdelin, L. (1999). Studies of fossil hyaenas: affinities of Lycyaenops rhomboideae Kretzoi from Pestlorinc, Hungary. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 126. General Hyaeninae Dockner, M. (2006). Comparison of Crocuta crocuta crocuta and Crocuta crocuta spelaea through computer tomography. (Masters Thesis). Nagel, D., et al. (2004). Phylogeography of the cave hyaena (Crocuta crocuta spelaea) - morphology versus genetics.18th Annual Senckenberg Conference 2004 in Weimar. Tseng, Z.J. (2009). Cranial function in a late Miocene Dinocrocuta gigantea (Mammalia: Carnivora) revealed by comparative finite element analysis. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 96. Tseng, Z.J. and W.J. Binder (2010). Mandibular biomechanics of Crocuta crocuta, Canis lupus and the late Miocene Dinocrocuta gigantea (Carnivora, Mammalia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 158. Tseng, Z.J., M. Antón and M.J. Salesa (2011). The evolution of the bone-cracking model in carnivorans: cranial functional morphology of the Plio-Pleistocene cursorial hyaenid Chasmaporthetes lunensis (Mammalia: Carnivora). Paleobiology, 37(1). Turner, A. and M. Antón (1996). The Giant Hyaena Pachycrocuta brevirostris (Mammalia, Carnivora, Hyaenidae). Geobios, 29(4). Subfamily Protelinae - The Aardwolf Gingerich, P.D. (1974). Proteles cristatus Sparrman from the Pleistocene of South Africa, With a Note on Tooth Replacement in the Aardwolf (Mammalia: Hyaenidae). Annals of the Transvaal Museum, Vol. 29. General Hyaenidae Backwell, L., et al. (2009). Probable human hair found in a fossil hyaena coprolite from Gladysvale cave, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science, 36. de Bonis, L., et al. (2010). Hyaenidae (Carnivora) from the late Miocene of Toros-Menalla, Chad. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 58. Ferretti, M.P. (2007). Evolution of bone-cracking adaptations in hyaenids (Mammalia, Carnivora). Swiss J.Geosci., 100. Ghaffar, A., et al. (2011). Late Miocene Hyaenids from the Middle Siwaliks of Pakistan. Pakistan J.Zool., 43(5). Koepfli, K.-P., et al. (2006). Molecular systematics of the Hyaenidae: Relationships of a relictual lineage resolved by a molecular supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 38. Kuhn, B.F., L. Werdelin and C. Steininger (2016). Fossil Hyaenidae from Cooper's Cave, South Africa, and the palaeoenvironmental implications. Palaeodiversity and Palaeoenvronments. Qiu, Z.-x. (1979). Hyaenidae of the Qingyang (K'ingyang) Hipparion Fauna. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 17(3). Rohland, N., et al. (2005). The Population History of Extant and Extinct Hyenas. Mol. Biol. Evol., 22(12). Semenov, Y.A. (1996). Auditory bulla structure and relationships of the family Hyaenidae. Acta zool.cracov., 39(1). Shapiro, B. and S.Y.W. Ho (2014). Ancient hyaenas highlight the old problem of estimating evolutionary rates. Molecular Ecology, 23. Stefen, C. and J.M. Rensberger (1999). The Specialized Structure of Hyaenid Enamel: Descriptions and Development Within the Lineage - Including Percrocutids.Scanning Microscopy, Vol.13, Numbers 2-3. Stynder, D.D. Niche partitioning in late Miocene/early Pliocene hyenas from 'E' Quarry, Langebaanweg, South Africa. Iziko South African Museum, Capetown. Stynder, D.D., et al. (2012). A dental microwear texture analysis of the Mio-Pliocene hyaenids from Langebaanweg, South Africa. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 57(3). Tseng, Z.J. and X. Wang (2011). Do convergent ecomorphs evolve through convergent morphological pathways? Cranial shape evolution in fossil hyaenids and borophagine canids (Carnivora, Mammalia). Paleobiology, 37(3). Tseng, Z.J., M. Anton and M.J. Salesa (2011). The evolution of the bone-cracking model in carnivorans: Cranial function and morphology of the Plio-Pleistocene cursorial hyaenid Chasmaporthetes lunensis (Mammalia: Carnivora). Paleobiology, 37(1). Tseng, Z.-J., W. He and S.-Q. Chen (2010). Geometric Morphometrics Analysis of Cranial Shape Among Late Miocene Hyaenid Morphologies in the Linxia Basin, Gansu, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 48(3) Tseng, Z.J., et al. (2008). Fossil Hyaenidae (Mammalia: Carnivora) from Huainan, Anhui Province, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 46(2). Turner, A., M. Antón and L. Werdelin (2008). Taxonomy and evolutionary patterns in the fossil Hyaenidae of Europe. Geobios, 41. Werdelin, L. and N. Solounias (1991). The Hyaenidae: taxonomy, systematics and evolution. Fossils and Strata, Number 30.