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Found 24 results

  1. Identification

    Curious as to types of petrified wood this may be. Photos are not great but best as I can do for now. I love petrified wood and new to identification of types but trying. Most of my samples are found at really high elevation on mountain tops, which intruiges me when I read how it is formed. I'm no.longer able physically to go Out anymore, these are finds from many years ago that now I'm curious into more the types now. Excuse the spelling as I have my kid posting for me. I can't text with his hands hardly anymore.She Thanks for any comments.
  2. Mystery Fossil

    My dad got this from a friend and gave it to me. He has no clue where it came from other than it came somewhere around idaho. Me and him have been trying to identify it for days, and got nowhere. we need help. any hints on ID will help. Thanks!! (P.S. if you know anything about its worth, tell me please!)
  3. Triassic cephalopoda

    GUE SPATHIAN (LOWER TRIASSIC) AMMONOIDS FROM WESTERN USA (IDAHO, CALIFORNIA, UTAH AND NEVADA) Jean Guex Alexandre Hungerbühler James F. Jenks Luis O’Dogherty Viorel Atudorei David G. Taylor Hugo Bucher Annachiara Bartolini Mémoire de Géologie (Lausanne), n°49, 2010 about 16 MB the contributing authors are dyed-in-the-wool experts on the Triassic @andreas
  4. Found this in southern Idaho

    Found in a river bed at an elevation of 6,200 to 6,100 in owyhee county, Idaho. No known formation not sure if it's bark or what it is. Thanks ahead of time
  5. I peer into a small geode at 80x to look at what look like small blooms of crystals covering bulbous blue crystal mounds. Originally I wanted to see why the geode had white crystal patches on one side and the top side had darker spots. First I see that the "blooms" are actually super small stones that look to be growing their own crystals. I had to look further, I wasn't sure if the geode was opened when I chipped it free from the breccia or if had been open while it was encased. The crystallization was perfectly clean, so I surmise it was. Either way, how in the world does a geode crystallize and then later adopt a speckling of microscopic stones? So, I'm looking over the surface and there is this anomaly. does not match any of the features inside the geode. I look closer and it appears to have, internal organs, segmented legs, and antennae. Could this really be some type of shrimp? Or similar crustacean? I'm really curious to hear what you all think. Hopefully the images suffice, I have a biological microscope so it is not the best at 3D. Posterior Head/Antennae I know I've been looking at a screen all day, but this sure looks like a segmented/armored leg. And, I'm spent
  6. Fossils in Idaho

    I will be in Idaho Falls in August, what are some good spots for fossils within an hour or so?
  7. Hello, I am a student at Centralia Community College working on an identification / analysis of fossils from the Clarkia Formation. I was wondering if anyone here has worked on this formation? If so, do you have any advice on how to properly set the sediment they are in to limit breakage/crumbling? Thank you! ~ AQM
  8. Cambrian Sponge?

    I apologize that this is just one photo taken by my phone, but that is all I have to use at the moment. This fossil (about 6 cm long) is from the middle Cambrian Spence Shale of Oneida Narrows, Idaho. I am leaning towards a sponge? Does anyone have any idea what this is? Thanks for the help!
  9. Fossil ID Fossil or not

    I am new here so I am sorry if I am doing anything wrong. I was in an area with sea fossils it's a bit of an unknown area and I found this. it is fairly brittle and fell apart even after I gently picked it up and I am not sure what to make of it I am hoping somebody can tell me if it is a fossil or just a rock extra photos
  10. Sorry if this post is in the wrong place or porly laid out, this is my first post. I was at the fossil beds in Clarkia recently and was wondering if anyone here had any tips on how to preserve them. The guy there said just wrap them in newspaper and let them sit for 6 weeks in a cool dry place. Is that right? I had also heared that there was a way to remove the leaf from the matrix. Can anyone provide any info on that? Thanks for all your responses.
  11. Idaho--August, 2017

    Tammy and I left South Florida yesterday and arrived in Spokane, WA after a short stopover in Las Vegas. Didn't win any money in any of the hundreds of slot machines in the Las Vegas airport but then it is significantly more difficult to win when you don't sit down and pour your hard earned money into the gaping maws of these one armed bandits. We drove from Spokane up to an area in the northern panhandle of Idaho near Lake Pend Oreille to a small town (population 530) called Clark Fork. We settled into the Clark Fork Lodge and had a surprisingly fancy meal at a quirky little place called the Squeeze Inn. I had not suspected I could get a really tasty IPA and a dish of gnocci gorgonzola in such a small rural setting but it was a truly welcome surprise after a long day of traveling. This morning we headed a few minutes out of town to a locality I found in my Rockhounding Idaho book. Someone took the time to transcribe all of the 99 sites listed there and make a Google Maps map out of it which can be found here: https://www.google.com/maps/d/viewer?mid=1yS2FsEzCIFPU2_G1Pr5SH3oN9DY&ll=45.56234707000023%2C-114.16501500000004&z=6 We were at site 8A (48.15076, -116.15902) in this book which listed fossil stromatolites in a roadcut just out of town. With the help of Tammy's iPad we easily navigated to this site and spotted the roadcut and got out to have a look. There was lots of rusty brownish rocks on the talus slope of this cut as described in the book's description of the site. We could easily see the outcrop at the top of the hill from which these broken chunks of rock were sliding down to the road level. We scanned the rocks for the distinctive rusty squiggly pattern described in the book (which said these were quite common here). Try as we may we could not find anything matching the stromatolite description in the text. We did see evidence of extremely ancient shorelines with rippled and cracked muddy sediments frozen into place hundreds of millions of years ago. I tried to load one nice looking piece into the back of our JEEP but, given the current laws of physics, I did not succeed. I tried several times to work my way up the talus slope but the rocks were just too loose to gain much of a foothold and get very far up-slope. Any attempts to climb up resulted in sliding back down on a carpet of rocks that dropped away just as quickly as I stepped upward doing a pretty good mimicry of the stairmaster endless escalator exercise machine at my gym. As I couldn't see any definite stromatolite pieces down lower in the piles I suspected I'd not find anything different higher up and didn't feel like a major injury on the first day of a 10-day trip (for once, common sense got the better of me). I did find a smaller piece of ripply shoreline that I considered lugging back in my suitcase and an interesting layered piece that was quite different from most of the other rocks but I was there for (what was supposed to be an easily obtained) sample or two of fossil stromatolite and, striking out on this locality, gave up with only photos to remember this fun but fruitless hunt.
  12. Here's a video that makes you want to drop everything and visit the fantastic Clarkia, Idaho, Middle Miocene (15 million years old) fossil leaf-bearing locality. Extraordinary preservation. Plants preserved with their original pigmentation. And you can actually lift the leaves off the matrix for detailed study of the specimens. A video co-produced by Bucknell University, the University of Idaho, and the Botanical Society of America:
  13. I got back last week from a two week collecting trip in Idaho, Utah and Wyoming with my wife and our two friends Bill and Jean. In addition to collecting, sunstones, topaz, agates and fluorescent minerals we collected Cambrian,Silurian, Jurassic, Cretaceous and Eocene fossils. We collected trilobites outside Delta, Utah and Liberty, Idaho, Marine fossils in Emigration and Riley Canyons in Utah and fossil fish in Kemmerer, Wyoming. The results of the trip was 15 boxes shipped home and many hours of preparation ahead of me. My friends came away with 13 boxes of fossils. If anyone wants tips for successful shipping of fossils please PM me as I learned a lot shipping with both USPS and UPS. Perhaps a post about shipping might be valuable. Photots from the trip will be posted at the end. Our first fossil excursion was to U-Dig quarry. Within ten minutes of arriving my friend Bill found a beautiful Asaphiscus wheeleri molt. That was the start to a great day of collecting. By the end of the day my wife and I had a table covered with trimmed examples of all of the common trilobites. The highlights were Bill's Asaphiscus, a huge 2 inch Asaphiscus I found, two brown trilobites and a 1 3/4 Asiphicus my wife found in the discard pile as we were getting ready to leave. We left with four flat rate boxes in total. After collecting in the Delta area for fossils and minerals we went back to our condo in Park City, Utah and visited Emigration Canyon for Jurassic marine fossils in Salt Lake and Riley Canyon, near Jericho, Utah. We found some brachiopods in Emigration Canyon but the fossils were not abundant. Our next stop was Riley Canyon for agatized horn coral. After a hike that resulted in a 3000 foot elevation change from 6000 to 9000 feet we eventually found the horn coral site. It wasn't what I expected. The searching involved looking for loose rock on the mountain among vegetation. While we found pieces of red agate, the agatized horn coral was elusive until my friend Bill found a nive 3 inch horn coral. We continued to search the area with little luck. By the time we left I found one small agatized horn coral and several chuncks. I did find one fossil that was mostly buried in matrix. At the time I thought it was a horn coral but imagine my surprise when I started prepping it and found that it was a large brachiopod. I do want to say that Riley Canyon material is one of the hardest materials I've ever prepped. The matrix is very stick and doesn't want to release from the fossil. It is also extremely difficult to remove with micro-abraision. Our next excursion was to Spence Gulch outside of Liberty, Idaho for Cambrian fossils. Fortunately I had read many different directions to this locality, otherwise we wouldn't have found it. It was a solid miles walk from where we had to abandon our rental vehicle. My wife and I found the matrix at the site to be very similar in consistency and friability to Spring Creek material in Alden, New York. You definitely want to bring cyanoacrylate (super glue) or some other stabilization agent as well as foil to wrap your fossils in so that they dry slowly. Otherwise your prized fossil may be dust by the end of the day. As soon as we arrived at the site I found what looks like a partial Zacanthoides trilobite. By the end of the day our party had found three partials. Bill and I started the morning climbing the slope and excavating pieces where someone had exposed a flat section of rock outcropping. We were rewarded with trilobite pieces and a few hyoliths. We then moved to the base of the outcrop and started splitting small pieces of shale. By the end of the day we found about 20 complete Achlysopsis (at least that's what I think they are). By the end of the day we had a good representation of the Spence Shale. Our last fossil excursion was to Forum member Sseth's fish quarry in Kemmerer, Wyoming. I want to start off by saying that the people working at his quarry are some of the nicest people I have ever met. They were very friendly and always checking in to see if we were having a successful trip. If you ever make it to Kemmerer to collect I have the following pieces of advice. Visit Fossil Butte National Monument Visitors Center first so you know what things look like. Bring boxes and packing material. Bring lots of water. Four people can drink a case of water by early afternoon. Bring sunscreen. Be ready for the dust. You will be covered in dust as will the interior of your rental vehicle or personal vehicle. We had such a good time at Sseth's quarry we actually went back a week later for another day of collecting. We had a lot of fun at his quarry. We came away with many individual fish and several plates of multiples. Most of the fish were larger than three inches and we came away with at least five different species of fish. Our largest fish were a 10 inch Diplomystus my wife and I extracted from a very large rock and an 8 inch Phareodus my friend Bill found in the discard pile splitting discarded rock. While we were there Sseth was excavating a turtle and while excavating it they found a second one. Photos will follow.
  14. Identification and Appraisal

    This is ridiculous. Ive been trying to upload my pictures for over an hour. This site will not upload. Anyone care to take a look through another media?
  15. Is this a fossil?

    Is this a fossilized fish?? Help anyone? Kim Approximately 1 foot in length
  16. Is this a Claw?

    I found this and thought it might be a claw? Found in the Eastern Washington/North Idaho area. It weighs 20 oz and measures 5" x 4" and is about 1.5" at its thickest point. I do have more pictures but I'm having sizing issures. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks
  17. Hi fellow Forum members. My wife and I are planning a collecting trip to Utah, Idaho and Wyoming the last week of June and first week of July. We have a condo in Park City. This will probably be a one time trip so we want to make the most of it. So far we have added U-Dig in Antelope Springs, Utah, and are planning on visiting Spence Gulch in Idaho. We are also looking at fossil fish collecting in Wyoming. My question is this; 1) Can anyone recommend other collecting localities in Utah for trilobites and/or Gogia? 2) Does anyone know if the Riley Canyon agatized horn coral site is still worthwhile? 2) There are several pay quarries in Kemmerer, Wyoming to collect fossil fish. Any thoughts on the best location to go? 3) Does anyone have more detailed directions for finding Spence Gulch in Idaho? I have a Google Earth map but am not sure how accurate it is. 4) Is there someplace we just shouldn't miss? Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks, Andy
  18. After Earth’s Worst Mass Extinction, Life Rebounded Rapidly, Fossils Suggest, Trilobites, Nichlos ST. Fleur, New york times, Feb. 16, 2017 https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/16/science/great-dying-permian-extinction-fossils.html New fossil discovery suggests sea life bounced back after the 'Great Dying' faster than thought, PhysOrg, February 16, 2017 https://phys.org/news/2017-02-fossil-discovery-sea-life-great.html The paper is: Brayard, A., Krumenacker, L.J., Botting, J.P., Jenks, J.F., Bylund, K.G., Fara, E., Vennin, E., Olivier, N., Goudemand, N., Saucède, T. and Charbonnier, S., 2017. Unexpected Early Triassic marine ecosystem and the rise of the Modern evolutionary fauna. Science Advances, 3(2), p.e1602159. http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/2/e1602159 Yours, Paul H.
  19. Fossil Hunting near Idaho

    Hey everyone, I'll be in central Idaho (near Stanley) during the week of August 21 to see the eclipse, and it would be great to get some fossil-hunting in while I'm there. Does anybody know any good spots within a day's drive of central Idaho? I've read a little bit about Clarkia and the fossil bowl to the north. Has anybody hunted there? How was it? Thanks!
  20. True Bug

    True bugs are scarce in this deposit. In fact this is the only one I found.
  21. Interesting Idaho Fossilized Bone?

    Can anyone confirm if the is fossilized bone or simple an unusual stone? I am clueless on fossils so I will try to be as specific as I can and have included a measuring tape in photos (just over 5" long x 2.25" around at widest) and the items weight (14.6 oz). The history is totally unknown to me. I saved this from being tossed in the garbage so I am assuming it came from the local area (SE Idaho near Idaho Falls), but that is just my guess. I have made no attempt to clean the item as I do not wish to damage it in anyway. This thing has significant heft for it's size and weights about as much as a can of beer. Several sections show porous areas very similar to a bone's marrow. I would like to know if this is truly bone and if someone has a clue as to what type of creature it may have come from. 7 Full sized photos may be viewed at the following link https://1drv.ms/f/s!ArHBEK85krjphGEJ4rCtBFIZXHFR Thank You in Advance for any assistance and insight you may be able to provide.
  22. Idaho Coral? Id

    I found this fossil at 11,000' on a remote portion of Idahos tallest peak. Mt. Borah. I believe it's coral. I know nothing about rocks and any info would be great.
  23. DSCN2183

    From the album Adventure is an individual thought!

    Idaho has plenty of camping and agate hunting sites. This is just an example of a rugged campsite that can be found by following the well groomed Forest Service roads.
  24. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since June 25, 2018. United States Faunas, Localities and Stratigraphy (by State) Alabama Alabama - Carboniferous Dilcher, D.L., T.A. Lott, and B.J. Axsmith (2005). Fossil Plants from the Union Chapel Mine, Alabama. Alabama Paleontological Society Monograph Number 1. Gastaldo, R.A. and C.W. Degges (2007). Sedimentology and paleontology of a Carboniferous log jam. International Journal of Coal Geology, 69. Gastaldo, R.A., T.M. Demko and Y. Liu (1990). Carboniferous Coastal Environments and Paleocommunities of the Mary Lee Coal Zone, Marion and Walker Counties, Alabama. Geological Society of America, Guidebook for Field Trip VI. Kopaska-Merkel, D.C. and R.J. Buta (2012). Field-Trip Guidebook to the Steven C. Minken Paleozoic Footprint Site, Walker County, Alabama. Alabama Paleontological Society. Minkin, S.C. (2005). Paleoenvironment of the Cincosaurus Beds, Walker County, Alabama. In: Pennsylvanian Footprints in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama. Buta, R.J., A.K. Rindsberg and D.C. Kopaska-Merkel (eds.), Alabama Paleontological Society Monograph 1. Pashin, J.C. (2005). Pottsville Stratigraphy and the Union Chapel Lagerstatte. In: Pennsylvanian Footprints in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama. Buta, R.J., A.K. Rindsberg and D.C. Kopaska-Merkel (eds.), Alabama Paleontological Society Monograph 1. Thomas, W.A., et al. (1979). Mississippian and Pennsylvanian Stratigraphy of Alabama and Carboniferous Outcrops of Mississippi. Geological Survey of Alabama, Reprint 49. Alabama - Cretaceous Applegate, S.P. (1970). The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama. Part VIII - The Fishes. Fieldiana: Geology Memoirs, Vol.3, Number 8. Applin, E.R. A Microfauna from the Coker Formation, Alabama. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1160-D. Ebersole, J. and L.S. Dean (2013). The History of Late Cretaceous Vertebrate Research in Alabama. In: Contributions to Alabama Cretaceous Paleontology. Ebersole, J. and T. Ikejiri (eds.), Alabama Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 31, Volume 1. Langston, W. (1960). The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama. Part VI - The Dinosaurs. Fieldiana Geology Memoirs, Vol.3, Number 6. Mancini, E.A., et al. (1995). Upper Cretaceous Sequence Stratigraphy of the Mississippi-Alabama Area. Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, Vol.45. Russell, D.A. (1970). The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama. Part VII - The Mosasaurs. Fieldiana: Geology Memoirs, Vol.3, Number 7. Schwarzhans, W.W., R.W. Huddleston and G.T. Takeuchi (2018). A Late Santonian Fish-Fauna from the Eutaw Formation of Alabama Reconstructed from Otoliths. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.124(1). Schwimmer, D.R., et al. (1993). Late Cretaceous Dinosaurs from the Blufftown Formation in Western Georgia and Eastern Alabama. J.Paleont., 67(2). Stephenson, L.W. (1956). Fossils from the Eutaw Formation Chattahoochee River Region, Alabama-Georgia. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 274-J. Zangerl, R. (1960). The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama. Part V - An Advanced Cheloniid Sea Turtle. Fieldiana Geology Memoirs, Vol.3, Number 5. Zangerl, R. (1953). The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama. Part III - The Turtles of the Family Protostegidae. Fieldiana Geology Memoirs, Vol.3, Number 3. Zangerl, R. (1948). The Vertebrate Fauna of the Selma Formation of Alabama. Part II - The Pleurodiran Turtles. Fieldiana Geology Memoirs, Vol.3, Number 2. Alabama - K/T Boundary Hart, M.B., P.J. Harries and A.L. Cárdenas (2013). The Cretaceous/Paleogene Boundary Events in the Gulf Coast: Comparisons Between Alabama and Texas. Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, Vol.63. Smith, C.C. (1997). The Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary at Moscow Landing, West-Central Alabama. Gulf Coast Association of Geological Societies Transactions, Vol.47. Wawack, B.E. (ed.) (2007). K/T Boundary and Paleogene Stratigraphy of Southwestern Alabama. Lafayette Geological Society Field Trip. Alabama - Paleocene Reimers, D.D. (2017). II. Discussion of the Type Section of the Clayton Formation of Alabama. Tulane Studies in Geology and Paleontology, Vol.22. Alabama - Eocene Bybell, L.M. and T.G. Gibson (1985). 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Delaware Geological Survey (1992). Delaware: Its Rocks, Minerals and Fossils. Delaware Geological Survey, Special Publication Number 19. Emry, R.J. and R.E. Eshelman (1998). The Early Hemingfordian (Early Miocene) Pollack Farm Local Fauna: First Tertiary Land Mammals Described from Delaware.In: Geology and paleontology of the lower Miocene Pollack Farm Fossil Site. Benson, R.N.( ed.), Delaware Geological Survey Special Publication Number 21. Jordan, R.R. (1964). Columbia (Pleistocene) Sediments of Delaware. Delaware Geological Survey, Bulletin Number 12. Lauginiger, E.M. (1988). Cretaceous Fossils from the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal - A Guide for Students and Collectors. Delaware Geological Survey - Special Publications Number 18. Lauginiger, E.M. and E.F. Hartstein (1983). A Guide to Fossil Sharks, Skates and Rays from the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal Area, Delaware. Delaware Geological Society, Open File Report Number 21. Minard, J.P., et al. (1969). 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Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.24, Number 2. Hayes, F.G. (2000). The Brooksville 2 Local Fauna (Arikareean, Latest Oligocene): Hernando County, Florida. Florida Museum of Natural History Bulletin, Vol.43, Number 1. Florida - Miocene Albright, L.B. (1998). The Arikareean Land Mammal Age in Texas and Florida: Southern extension of Great Plains faunas and Gulf Coastal Plain Endemism. Geological Society of America, Special Paper 325. Frailey, D. (1979). The Large Mammals of the Buda Local Fauna (Arikareean: Alachua County, Florida). Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.24, Number 2. Pratt, A.E. (1990). Taphonomy of the Large Vertebrate Fauna from the Thomas Farm Locality (Miocene, Hemingfordian), Gilchrist County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.35, Number 2. Stoutamire, S. (1975). A New Middle Miocene Vertebrate Fauna from the Florida Panhandle. M.S. Thesis - Texas Tech University. (Note: this is a 24 MB download.) Florida - Pliocene Leidy, J. (1896). Fossil Vertebrates from the Alachua Clays of Florida. Transactions of the Wagner Free Institute of Science of Philadelphia, Vol.IV. Mansfield, W.C. (1931). Pliocene Fossils from Limestone in Southern Florida. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 170-D. Morgan, G.S. and R.W. Portell (1996). The Tucker Borrow Pit: Paleontology and Stratigraphy of a Plio-Pleistocene Fossil Site in Brevard County, Florida. Papers in Florida Paleontology, Number 7. (Thanks to Nimravis for pointing this one out!) Morgan, G.S. and B.R. Ridgway (1987). Late Pliocene (Late Blancan) Vertebrates from the St. Petersburg Times Site, Pinellas County, Florida, With a Brief Review of Florida Blancan Faunas. Papers in Florida Paleontology, Number 1. (Thanks to Nimravis for pointing this one out!) Robertson, J.S. (1976). Latest Pliocene Mammals from Haile XV A, Alachua County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.20, Number 3. Robertson, J.S. (1970). Blancan Mammals from Haile XVA, Alachua County, Florida. Ph.D. Dissertation - The University of Florida. Ruez, D.R. (2002). Mammalian Taphonomy of the Early Irvingtonian (Late Pliocene) Inglis 1C Fauna (Citrus County, Florida). Southeastern Geology, Vol.41, Number 3. Florida - Pleistocene Bader, R.S. (1957). Two Pleistocene Mammalian Faunas from Alachua County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Vol.2, Number 5. Bogan, A.E. and R.W. Portell (1995). Early Pleistocene Freshwater Bivalves (Mollusca: Unionidae) from the Leisey Shell Pits, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part 1, Number 6. Converse, H.H. (1973). A Pleistocene Vertebrate Fauna from Palm Beach County, Florida. The Plaster Jacket, Number 21. (Thanks to Nimravis for pointing this one out!) Emslie, S.D. (1995). An Early Irvingtonian Avifauna from Leisey Shell Pit, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part 1, Number 10. Feranec, R.S. (2004). Geographic variation in the diet of hypsodont herbivores from the Rancholabrean of Florida. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 207. Holman, J.A. (1959). Birds and Mammals from the Pleistocene of Williston, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Vol.5, Number 1. Hulbert, R.C. and G.S. Morgan (1989). Stratigraphy, Paleontology, and Vertebrate Fauna of the Leisey Shell Pit Local Fauna, Early Pleistocene (Irvingtonian) of Southwestern Florida. Papers in Florida Paleontology, Number 2. (Thanks to Nimravis for pointing this one out!) Jones, D.S., et al. (1995). Strontium Isotope Stratigraphy and Age Estimates for the Leisey Shell Pit Faunas, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part 1,L Number 2. Kittle, B.A. and R.W. Portell (2010). Mollusca: Fort Thompson Formation (Late Pleistocene). Florida Fossil Invertebrates, Part 12. (Thanks to Nimravis for pointing this one out!) MacFadden, B.J. (1995). Magnetic Polarity Stratigraphy and Correlation of the Leisey Shell Pits, Tampa Bay, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part 1, Number 3. Martin, R.A. (1969). Fossil Mammals of the Coleman IIA Local Fauna, Sumter County, Florida. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Florida. Meylan, P.A. (1995). Pleistocene Amphibians and Reptiles from the Leisey Shell Pit, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part 1, Number 9. Morgan, G.S. and R.W. Portell (1996). The Tucker Borrow Pit: Paleontology and Stratigraphy of a Plio-Pleistocene Fossil Site in Brevard County, Florida. Papers in Florida Paleontology, Number 7. (Thanks to Nimravis for pointing this one out!) Morgan, G.S. and R.C. Hulbert (1995). Overview of the Geology and Vertebrate Biochronology of the Leisey Shell Pit Local Fauna, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part 1. Morgan, G.S. and J.A. White (1995). Small Mammals (Insectivora, Lagomorpha and Rodentia) from the Early Pleistocene (Irvingtonian) Leisey Shell Pit Local Fauna, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part II, Number 13. Ober, L.D. (1978). The Monkey Jungle, A Late Pleistocene Fossil Site in Southern Florida. The Plaster Jacket, Number 28. (Thanks to Nimravis for pointing this one out!) Portell, R.W. and B.A. Kittle (2010). Mollusca: Bermont Formation (Middle Pleistocene). Florida Fossil Invertebrates, Part 13. (Thanks to Nimravis for pointing this one out!) Portell, R.W., K.S. Schindler and D. Nicol (1995). Biostratigraphy and Paleoecology of the Pleistocene Invertebrates from the Leisey Shell Pits, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part 1, Number 5. Pratt, A.E. and R.C. Hulbert (1995). Taphonomy of the Terrestrial Mammals of Leisey Shell Pit 1A, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part 1, Number 7. Rich, F.J. and L.A. Newsom (1995). Preliminary Palynological and Macrobotanical Report for the Leisey Shell Pit, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part 1, Number 4. Scudder, S.J., E.H. Simons and G.S. Morgan (1995). Chondrichthyes and Osteichthyes from the Early Pleistocene Leisey Shell Pit Local Fauna, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part 1, Number 8. Sellards, E.H. (1917). On the Association of Human Remains and Extinct Vertebrates at Vero, Florida. The Journal of Geology, Vol.25, Number 1. Simpson, G.G. (1930). Additions to the Pleistocene of Florida. American Museum Novitates, Number 406. Simpson, G.G. (1929). Pleistocene Mammalian Fauna of the Seminole Field, Pinellas County, Florida. Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, Vol.LVI, Article VIII. Simpson, G.G. (1928). 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Tertiary Land Mammals of Florida. Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, Vol.LIX, Article III. Webb, S.D. (1981). The Thomas Farm Fossil Vertebrate Site. The Plaster Jacket, Number 37. (Thanks to Nimravis for pointing this one out!) Georgia Allen, A.T. and J.G. Lester (1954). Contributions to the Paleontology of Northwest Georgia. Georgia State Division of Conservation, Department of Mines, Mining and Geology, Bulletin Number 62. (172 pages) Anderson, J.R., C. Gullett-Young and W.C. Elliott (2010). Correlation of the Sandersville Limestone Lithofacies to the Ocmulgee Formation, Georgia Coastal. Southeastern Geology, Vol.47, Number 4. Bybell, L.M. and T.G. Gibson (1985). The Eocene Tallahatta Formation of Alabama and Georgia: Its Lithostratigraphy, Biostratigraphy, and Bearing on the Age of the Claibornian Stage. United States Geological Survey Bulletin 1615. Case, G.R. and D.R. Schwimmer (1988). Late Cretaceous Fish from the Blufftown Formation (Campanian) in Western Georgia. 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Smith, G.R., et al. (1982). Fish Biostratigraphy of Late Miocene to Pleistocene Sediments of the Western Snake River Plain, Idaho. In: Cenozoic Geology of Idaho. B. Bonnichsen and R.M. Breckenridge (eds.), Idaho Bureau of Mines and Geology, Bulletin 26. Vallier, T.L. and H.C. Brooks (eds.)(1986). Geology of the Blue Mountains Region of Oregon, Idaho, and Washington. United States Geological Survey, Professional Paper 1435. Contains: Paleozoic and Mesozoic faunas of the Blue Mountains province: a review of their geologic implications and comments on papers in the volume. Late Triassic bivalves of the Martin Bridge Limestone, Hells Canyon, Oregon: taphonomy, paleoecology, paleozoogeography. Late Triassic coelenterate faunas of western Idaho and northeastern Oregon: implications for biostratigraphy and paleogeography. A Norian (Late Triassic) ichthyosaur from the Martin Bridge Limestone, Wallowa Mountains, Oregon. 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Rock Outcrop of the Maquoketa Graf Section and Highway D-17 Section, Iowa. Lower Scales and Neda Formations. Brenner, R.L., et al. (1981). Cretaceous Stratigraphy and Sedimentation in Northwest Iowa, Northeast Nebraska, & Southeast South Dakota. Iowa Geological Survey Guidebook, Series Number 4. Fenton, C.L and M.A. Fenton (1924). The Stratigraphy and Fauna of the Hackberry Stage of the Upper Devonian. Contributions from the Museum of Geology - University of Michigan, Vol.1. Fields, C. and T. Marshall (eds.)(2010). The Pennsylvanian Geology of South-Central Iowa. Geological Society of Iowa, Guidebook 86. Contains: Introduction to the Pennsylvanian Geology of South-Central Iowa. Pennsylvanian Geology of Decatur City and Thayer Quarries. Paleontology and Paleoecology of the Pennsylvanian in South-Central Iowa. Pleistocene Geology in Decatur and Union Counties, South-Central Iowa. Heckel, P.H. (ed.) (2005). Stratigraphy and Biostratigraphy of the Mississippian Subsystem (Carboniferous System) in its Type Region, the Mississippi River Valley of Illinois, Missouri and Iowa. Illinois State Geological Survey, Guidebook 34. (120 pages) Iowa Association of Naturalists (1999). Iowa Geology and Fossils. Iowa Physical Environment Series. Marshall, T. and C. Fields (eds.) (2010). The Pennsylvanian Geology of South-Central Iowa. Geological Society of Iowa, Guidebook 86. Miller, R.D. (1964). Geology of the Omaha-Council Bluffs Area, Nebraska-Iowa. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 472. Rose, J.N. (1966). The Fossils and Rocks of Eastern Iowa: A Half-Billion Years of Iowa History. Masters Thesis - University of Iowa. (Thanks to Bev for finding this one!) Snyder, D. (2006). A study of the fossil vertebrate fauna from the Jasper Hiemstra Quarry, Delta, Iowa and its environment. Ph.D. Thesis - The University of Iowa. Wilson, J. (2007). Lost in Iowa Road Trip - Devonian Day Trip. Iowa Outdoors. Witzke, B.J., et al. (1997). Geology in the Dubuque Area. Geological Society of Iowa, Guidebook 63. Kansas Kansas - Carboniferous Adams, G.I., G.H. Girty and D. White (1903). Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Upper Carboniferous Rocks of the Kansas Section. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin Number 211. Mudge, M.R. and E.L. Yochelson (1962). Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Uppermost Pennsylvanian and Lowermost Permian Rocks in Kansas. Unites States Geological Society, Professional Paper 323. Tway, L.E. (1979). Pennsylvanian Ichthyoliths from the Shawnee Group of Eastern Kansas. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 96. Kansas - Permian Mudge, M.R. and E.L. Yochelson (1962). Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Uppermost Pennsylvanian and Lowermost Permian Rocks in Kansas. U.S. Geological Society, Professional Paper 323. Schultze, H-P (1985). Marine to Onshore Vertebrates in the Lower Permian of Kansas and Their Paleoenvironmental Implications. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 113. Kansas - Cretaceous Bennett, S.C. Inferring Stratigraphic Position of Fossil Vertebrates from the Niobrara Chalk of Western Kansas. Bice, K.N. (2015). Fossil Marine Vertebrates from the Codell Sandstone Member of the Upper Cretaceous Carlisle Shale in Jewell County, Kansas. Masters Thesis - DePaul University. (96 pages) Carpenter, K. (2008). Chapter 11. Vertebrate Biostratigraphy of the Smoky Hills Chalk (Niobrara Formation) and the Sharon Springs Member (Pierre Shale). In: High-Resolution Approaches in Stratigraphic Paleontology. Harries, P.J. (ed.), Springer Science + Business Media. Carpenter, K. (1990). Upward continuity of the Niobrara fauna with the Pierre Shale fauna. In: Niobrara Chalk Excursion Guidebook, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. Bennett, S.C. (ed.), University of Kansas Museum of Natural History and the Kansas Geological Survey. Everhart, M.J. (2009). 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A new fossil vertebrate locality of the Jetmore Chalk Member of the Upper Cretaceous Greenhorn Limestone in north-central Kansas, U.S.A. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, Vol.121, Numbers 1-2. Hattin, D.E. (1982). Stratigraphy and Depositional Environment of Smoky Hill Chalk Member, Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) of the Type Area, Western Kansas. Kansas State Geological Survey, Bulletin 225. Johnson-Ransom, E. and K. Shimada (2016). Fossil fishes from the Pfeifer Shale Member of the Upper Cretaceous Greenhorn Limestone in north-central Kansas, U.S.A. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, Vol.119, Number 2. Liggett, G.A., et al. (2005). Cenomanian (Late Cretaceous) reptiles from northwestern Russell County, Kansas.PaleoBios, 25(2). McIntosh, A.P., K. Shimada and M.J. Everhart (2016). Late Cretaceous marine vertebrate fauna from the Fairport Chalk Member of the Carlile Shale in southern Ellis County, Kansas, U.S.A. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, Vol.119, Number 2. Scott, R.W. (1970). Paleoecology and Paleontology of the Lower Cretaceous Kiowa Formation, Kansas. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 52, Cretaceous 1. (Download from site.) Shimada, K. (2006). Marine Vertebrates from the Blue Hill Shale Member of the Carlile Shale (Upper Cretaceous: Middle Turonian) in Kansas.In: Cretaceous vertebrates from the Western Interior. Lucas, S.G. and R.M.Sullivan (eds.) New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 35. Shimada, K. and C. Fielitz (2006). Annotated Checklist of Fossil Fishes from the Smoky Hill Chalk of the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) in Kansas. In: Cretaceous vertebrates from the Western Interior. Lucas, S.G. and R.M. Sullivan (eds). New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 35. Kansas - Pliocene Hibbard, C.W. (1964). A Contribution to the Saw Rock Canyon Local Fauna of Kansas. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, Vol.XLIX. Hibbard, C.W. (1950). Mammals of the Rexroad Formation from Fox Canyon, Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol. VIII, Number 6. Hibbard, C.W. (1949). Pliocene Saw Rock Canyon Fauna in Kansas.Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.VII, Number 5. Liggett, G.A. (1997). The Beckerdite Local Biota (Early Hemphillian) and the First Tertiary Occurrence of a Crocodilian from Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 100(3-4). Wilson, R.L. (1968). Systematics and Faunal Analysis of a Lower Pliocene Vertebrate Assemblage from Trego County, Kansas.Contributions From The Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.22, Number 7. Woodburne, M.O. (1961). Upper Pliocene Geology and Vertebrate Paleontology of Part of the Meade Basin, Kansas.Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, Vol.XLVI. Kansas - Pleistocene Eshelman, R.E. (1975). Geology and Paleontology of the Early Pleistocene (Late Blancan) White Rock Fauna from North-Central Kansas. Claude W. Hibbard Memorial Volume 4. Eshelman, R.E. and C.W. Hibbard (1981). Nash Local Fauna (Pleistocene: Aftonian) of Meade County, Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.25, Number 16. Hibbard, C.W. (1963). A Late Illinoian Fauna from Kansas and Its Climatic Significance. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts and Letters, Vol.XLVIII. Hibbard, C.W. (1955). The Jinglebob Interglacial (Sangamon?) Fauna from Kansas and its Climatic Significance. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol. XII, Number 10. Hibbard, C.W. (1951). Vertebrate Fossils from the Pleistocene Stump Arroyo Member, Meade County, Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michgan, Vol. IX, Number 7. Hibbard, C.W. (1949. Pleistocene Stratigraphy and Paleontology of Meade County, Kansas.Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.VII, Number 4. Hibbard, C.W., et al. (1978). Mammals from the Kanopolis Local Fauna, Pleistocene (Yarmouth) of Ellsworth County, Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol. 25, Number 2. Hibbard, C.W. and D.W. Taylor (1960). Two Late Pleistocene Faunas from Southwestern Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XVI, Number 1. Holman, J.A. (1987). Climatic Significance of a Late Illinoian Herpetofauna from Southwestern Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.27, Number 5. Layzell, A.L., et al. (2017). Quaternary Stratigraphy and Stratigraphic Nomenclature Revisions in Kansas. Current Research in Earth Sciences, Bulletin 263. (Thanks to Oxytropidoceras for finding this one!) Miller, B.B. (1970). The Sandahl Molluscan Fauna (Illinoian) from McPherson County, Kansas. The Ohio Journal of Science, 70(1). Semken, R.A. (1966). Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the McPherson Equus Beds (Sandahl Local Fauna), McPherson County, Kansas. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XX, Number 6. Kansas - General Bass, N.W. (1926). Geologic Investigations in Western Kansas. State Geological Survey of Kansas, Bulletin 11. (60MB download) Contains: Geology of Ellis County Geology of Hamilton County Geologic structure of the Dakota sandstone Structure and limits of the Kansas salt beds Brosius, L., et al. (2003). Geology and Paleontology of Northwestern Kansas: Public Field Trip. Kansas Geological Society, Open-file Report 2003-25. Hibbard, C.W. (1952). Vertebrate Fossils from Late Cenozoic Deposits of Central Kansas. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 11, Vertebrata 2. Liggett, G.A. (2005). A review of the dinosaurs from Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, Vol.108, Numbers 1/2. Liggett, G.A., R.J. Zakrewski, and K.L. McNinch (1998). Geologic and Paleontologic Investigation of the Cimarron National Grassland, Morton County, Kansas. Dakoterra, Vol.5. Martin, L.D. (1979). Survey of Fossil Vertebrates from East Central Kansas. Kansas River Bank Stabilization Study, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Kentucky Kentucky - Ordovician Black, D.F.B. and N.P. Cupples (1973). Strodes Creek Member (Upper Ordovician) -- A New Map Unit in the Lexington Limestone of North-Central Kentucky. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin 1372-C. Brett, C.E. and T.J. Algeo (1999). Stratigraphy of the Upper Ordovician Kope Formation in its Type Area (Northern Kentucky), Including a Revised Nomenclature. In: Sequence, cycle and and stratigraphy of Upper Ordovician and Silurian strata of the Cincinnati Arch region. Algeo, T.J. and C.E. Brett (eds.), 1999 Field Conference of the Great Lakes Section of SEPM. Carpenter, J.W. and T.R. Orey (1961). The American Upper Ordovician Standard. VI. The Covington Sequence at Maysville, Kentucky. The Ohio Journal of Science, 61(6). Cressman, E.R. (1973). Lithostratigraphy and Depositional Environments of the Lexington Limestone (Ordovician) of Central Kentucky. United States Geological Survey, Professional Paper 768. McFarlan, A.C. (1931). II. The Ordovician Fauna of Kentucky. In: The Paleontology of Kentucky. Jillson, W.R. (ed.), The Kentucky Geological Society. Simmons, G.C. and W.A. Oliver (1967). Otter Creek Coral Bed and Its Fauna, East-Central Kentucky. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin 1244-F. Weir, G.W., R.C. Greene and G.C. Simmons (1965). Calloway Creek Limestone and Ashlock and Drakes Formations (Upper Ordovician) in South-Central Kentucky. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin 1224-D. Kentucky - Silurian Brett, C.E., et al. (2012). Revised Telychian-Sheinwoodian (Silurian) stratigraphy of the Laurentian mid-continent: building uniform nomenclature along the Cincinnati Arch. Bulletin of Geosciences, 87(4). Davis, W.J. (1885). Kentucky Fossil Corals. A Monograph of the Fossil Corals of the Silurian and Devonian Rocks of Kentucky. Part II. Kentucky Geological Survey. Foerste, A.F. (1931). III. Silurian Fauna. In: The Paleontology of Kentucky. Jillson, W.R. (ed.), The Kentucky Geological Society. McDowell, R.C. (1983). Stratigraphy of the Silurian Outcrop Belt on the East Side of the Cincinnati Arch in Kentucky, With Revisions in the Nomenclature. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 1151-F. Nettleroth, H. (1889). Kentucky Fossil Shells. A Monograph of the Fossil Shells of the Silurian and Devonian Rocks of Kentucky. Kentucky Geological Survey. (73.6MB download) Kentucky - Devonian Davis, W.J. (1885). Kentucky Fossil Corals. 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Description and Correlation of the Mississippian Formations of Western Kentucky. Kentucky Geological Survey. (447 pages) Chesnut, D.R. (1981). Marine Zones of the Upper Carboniferous of Eastern Kentucky. In: Coal and coal-bearing rocks of eastern Kentucky. Cobb, J.C., et al. (eds.) Garcia, W.J., G.W. Storrs, and S.F. Greb (2006). The Hancock County tetrapod locality: A new Mississippian (Chesterian) wetlands fauna from western Kentucky (USA). Geological Society of America, Special Paper 399. Greb, S.F., et al. (2015). Late Mississippian vertebrate palaeoecology and taphonomy, Buffalo Wallow Formation, western Kentucky, USA. Lethaia. Greb, S.F., et al. (2008). Mud Mounds, Paleoslumps, Crinoids and More; the Geology of the Fort Payne Formation at Lake Cumberland, south-central Kentucky. Field Trip for the Kentucky Chapter of the American Institute of Professional Geologists. (Thanks to doushantuo for locating this one!) Moodie, R.L. (1931). VII. The Pennsylvanian Vertebrate Fauna of Kentucky. In: The Paleontology of Kentucky. Jillson, W.R. (ed.), The Kentucky Geological Society. Morse, W.C. (1931). VI. The Pennsylvanian Invertebrate Fauna of Kentucky. In: The Paleontology of Kentucky. Jillison, W.R. (ed.), The Kentucky Geological Society. Weller, J.M. (1931). V. Mississippian Fauna. In: The Paleontology of Kentucky. Jillison, W.R. (ed.), The Kentucky Geological Society. Kentucky - General Barron, L.S. and F.R. Ettensohn (1981). Paleoecology of the Devonian-Mississippian Black-Shale Sequence in Eastern Kentucky With an Atlas of Some Common Fossils. United States Department of Energy. Moodie, R.L. (1931). I. The Geological Succession of Life in Kentucky. In: The Paleontology of Kentucky. Jillson, W.R. (ed.), The Kentucky Geological Society. Roberts, J.K. (1931). VIII. Mesozoic Flora and Fauna. In: The Paleontology of Kentucky. Jillson, W.R. (ed.), The Kentucky Geological Society. Louisiana Gartner, S. and L.A. Smith (1967). Coccoliths and Related Calcarous Nannofossils from the Yazoo Formation (Jackson, Late Eocene) of Louisiana. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 20. Glawe, L.N., J.F. Anderson and D.E. Bell (2014). Late Paleocene examples of residual coloration and embryonic features in juvenile marine mollusks from Northwest Louisiana. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.17, Issue 2; 30A. Harlan, R. (1834). Notice of Fossil Bones found in the Tertiary Formation of the State of Louisiana. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Vol.4, Article XII. Hill, J.L. (2010). Taphonomy and Sedimentology of Two Miocene Vertebrate Fossil Sites on Fort Polk, Louisiana. Masters Thesis - Louisiana State University. Mossa, J. and B.A. Schumacher (1993). Fossil Tree Casts in South Louisiana Soils. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, Vol.63, Number 4. Schiebout, J.A. and S. Robichaud. Fossil Hunting in Louisiana Gravels. Louisiana State University. Schiebout, J.A., et al. (2004). Paleofaunal & Environmental Research on Miocene Fossil Sites TVOR SE and TVOR S on Fort Polk, Louisiana, with Continued Survey, Collection, Processing and Documentation of Other Miocene Localities. Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District. Stringer, G.L. (2002). 46-Million-Year-Old Marine Fossils from the Cane River Site, North-central Louisiana. Louisiana Geological Survey, Public Information Series Number 10. Vaughn, T.W. (1896). A Brief Contribution to the Geology and Paleontology of Northwestern Louisiana. U.S. Geological Survey, Bulletin 142. Yann, L.T. (2010). Rare Earth Elements as an Investigative Tool into the Source, Age and Ecology of Late Miocene to Late Pleistocene Fossils from the Tunica Hills, Louisiana. Masters Thesis - Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College.
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