Jump to content

Search the Community

Showing results for tags 'law'.

More search options

  • Search By Tags

    Type tags separated by commas.
    Tags should be keywords or key phrases. e.g. carcharodon, pliocene, cypresshead formation, florida.
  • Search By Author

Content Type


  • Fossil Discussion
    • General Fossil Discussion
    • Fossil Hunting Trips
    • Fossil ID
    • Is It Real? How to Recognize Fossil Fabrications
    • Partners in Paleontology - Member Contributions to Science
    • Questions & Answers
    • Fossil of the Month
    • Member Collections
    • A Trip to the Museum
    • Paleo Re-creations
    • Collecting Gear
    • Fossil Preparation
    • Member Fossil Trades Bulletin Board
    • Member-to-Member Fossil Sales
    • Fossil News
  • Gallery
  • Fossil Sites
    • Africa
    • Asia
    • Australia - New Zealand
    • Canada
    • Europe
    • Middle East
    • South America
    • United States
  • Fossil Media
    • Members Websites
    • Fossils On The Web
    • Fossil Photography
    • Fossil Literature
    • Documents


  • Anson's Blog
  • Mudding Around
  • Nicholas' Blog
  • dinosaur50's Blog
  • Traviscounty's Blog
  • Seldom's Blog
  • tracer's tidbits
  • Sacredsin's Blog
  • fossilfacetheprospector's Blog
  • jax world
  • echinoman's Blog
  • Ammonoidea
  • Traviscounty's Blog
  • brsr0131's Blog
  • brsr0131's Blog
  • Adventures with a Paddle
  • Caveat emptor
  • -------
  • Fig Rocks' Blog
  • placoderms
  • mosasaurs
  • ozzyrules244's Blog
  • Sir Knightia's Blog
  • Terry Dactyll's Blog
  • shakinchevy2008's Blog
  • MaHa's Blog
  • Stratio's Blog
  • Phoenixflood's Blog
  • Brett Breakin' Rocks' Blog
  • Seattleguy's Blog
  • jkfoam's Blog
  • Erwan's Blog
  • Erwan's Blog
  • Lindsey's Blog
  • marksfossils' Blog
  • ibanda89's Blog
  • Liberty's Blog
  • Liberty's Blog
  • Back of Beyond
  • St. Johns River Shark Teeth/Florida
  • Ameenah's Blog
  • gordon's Blog
  • West4me's Blog
  • West4me's Blog
  • Pennsylvania Perspectives
  • michigantim's Blog
  • michigantim's Blog
  • lauraharp's Blog
  • lauraharp's Blog
  • micropterus101's Blog
  • micropterus101's Blog
  • GPeach129's Blog
  • nicciann's Blog
  • Olenellus' Blog
  • nicciann's Blog
  • maybe a nest fossil?
  • Deep-Thinker's Blog
  • Deep-Thinker's Blog
  • bear-dog's Blog
  • javidal's Blog
  • Digging America
  • John Sun's Blog
  • John Sun's Blog
  • Ravsiden's Blog
  • Jurassic park
  • The Hunt for Fossils
  • The Fury's Grand Blog
  • julie's ??
  • Hunt'n 'odonts!
  • falcondob's Blog
  • Monkeyfuss' Blog
  • cyndy's Blog
  • pattyf's Blog
  • pattyf's Blog
  • chrisf's Blog
  • chrisf's Blog
  • nola's Blog
  • mercyrcfans88's Blog
  • Emily's PRI Adventure
  • trilobite guy's Blog
  • xenacanthus' Blog
  • barnes' Blog
  • myfossiltrips.blogspot.com
  • HeritageFossils' Blog
  • Fossilefinder's Blog
  • Fossilefinder's Blog
  • Emily's MotE Adventure
  • farfarawy's Blog
  • Microfossil Mania!
  • A Novice Geologist
  • Southern Comfort
  • Eli's Blog
  • andreas' Blog
  • Recent Collecting Trips
  • retired blog
  • Stocksdale's Blog
  • andreas' Blog test
  • fossilman7's Blog
  • Books I have enjoyed
  • Piranha Blog
  • xonenine's blog
  • xonenine's Blog
  • Fossil collecting and SAFETY
  • Detrius
  • pangeaman's Blog
  • pangeaman's Blog
  • pangeaman's Blog
  • Jocky's Blog
  • Jocky's Blog
  • Kehbe's Kwips
  • RomanK's Blog
  • Prehistoric Planet Trilogy
  • mikeymig's Blog
  • Western NY Explorer's Blog
  • Regg Cato's Blog
  • VisionXray23's Blog
  • Carcharodontosaurus' Blog
  • What is the largest dragonfly fossil? What are the top contenders?
  • Hihimanu Hale
  • Test Blog
  • jsnrice's blog
  • Lise MacFadden's Poetry Blog
  • BluffCountryFossils Adventure Blog
  • meadow's Blog
  • Makeing The Unlikley Happen
  • KansasFossilHunter's Blog
  • DarrenElliot's Blog
  • jesus' Blog
  • A Mesozoic Mosaic
  • Dinosaur comic
  • Zookeeperfossils
  • Cameronballislife31's Blog
  • My Blog
  • TomKoss' Blog
  • A guide to calcanea and astragali
  • Group Blog Test
  • Paleo Rantings of a Blockhead
  • Dead Dino is Art
  • The Amber Blog
  • TyrannosaurusRex's Facts
  • PaleoWilliam's Blog
  • The Paleo-Tourist
  • The Community Post
  • Lyndon D Agate Johnson's Blog
  • BRobinson7's Blog
  • Eastern NC Trip Reports
  • Toofuntahh's Blog
  • Pterodactyl's Blog
  • A Beginner's Foray into Fossiling
  • Micropaleontology blog
  • Pondering on Dinosaurs
  • Fossil Preparation Blog
  • On Dinosaurs and Media
  • cheney416's fossil story
  • jpc
  • Red-Headed Red-Neck Rock-Hound w/ My Trusty HellHound Cerberus
  • Red Headed
  • Paleo-Profiles
  • Walt's Blog
  • Between A Rock And A Hard Place
  • Rudist digging at "Point 25", St. Bartholomä, Styria, Austria (Campanian, Gosau-group)
  • Prognathodon saturator 101


  • Calendar


  • Annelids
  • Arthropods
    • Crustaceans
    • Insects
    • Trilobites
    • Other Arthropods
  • Brachiopods
  • Cnidarians (Corals, Jellyfish, Conulariids )
    • Corals
    • Jellyfish, Conulariids, etc.
  • Echinoderms
    • Crinoids & Blastoids
    • Echinoids
    • Other Echinoderms
    • Starfish and Brittlestars
  • Forams
  • Graptolites
  • Molluscs
    • Bivalves
    • Cephalopods (Ammonites, Belemnites, Nautiloids)
    • Gastropods
    • Other Molluscs
  • Sponges
  • Bryozoans
  • Other Invertebrates
  • Ichnofossils
  • Plants
  • Chordata
    • Amphibians & Reptiles
    • Birds
    • Dinosaurs
    • Fishes
    • Mammals
    • Sharks & Rays
    • Other Chordates
  • *Pseudofossils ( Inorganic objects , markings, or impressions that resemble fossils.)

Found 14 results

  1. I was wondering what the Texas law is for fossil hunting in a creek bed? I have been hunting in a creek and properties are fenced off above the creek. I have no interest in going onto the properties. I stay in the creek beds while I'm hunting. I just don't want to get myself in a pickle. I park near a bridge on the side of the road. This weekend I ran into a situation where the police came out to inspect why my car was there. Some of the people was understandably concerned since my car was there a couple of hours. Would it be a good idea to put a sign "fossil hunting" in my window to keep this type of thing from happening. I don't want my car to be towed while I'm hunting for fossil's. lol..
  2. Should Peter Larson be pardoned by the president?
  3. Florida laws- help!!

    Hi all, I am about to go on a hunting trip without a guide- my first! I’ve read a lot about the Florida laws for fossil hunting.. and I have some questions. I’ve read that any bridge on a road is a public access point to a river or creek- is that true? Also, is there a limit on shovel size? I’ve read that “hand shovels” are allowed but are regular shovels? And last, how do you know if the river or creek is on private land? I know you can’t dig on private property but are all creeks and rivers public but not the river/creek beds? Should I stay submerged at least until my knees? Thank you in advanced- sorry for the newbie stuff. But yes I know about getting the fossil permits for verts, no worries there
  4. Hello everybody, I'm looking for the official excerpts of laws that stipulate that a fossil found on a private land in USA is the property of the landowner who can legally keep it, sell it or export it. Do you know where can I find these documents ? If I'm right, the fossils found in US are not considered as cultural heritage. It that right ? Thanks for your help, BR, Yann
  5. Last fall the state of Illinois purchased over 2,600 acres near the town of Oglesby from Lone Star Industries, including former quarries, with the goal of making it into state park land. It is near the site of the popular Starved Rock and Matthiessen State Parks, and the state said it would take a few years to assess and prepare the site before it would be open to the public. http://www.newstrib.com/free/matthiessen-and-starved-rock-just-got-a-lot-bigger-video/article_203e37f8-d89a-11e8-9a7e-e72ef52ec0d6.html The quarry exposes the highly fossiliferous LaSalle Limestone, as well as a black shale that produces fossils too, so a number of scientists and fossil enthusiasts proposed that a portion of the new protected land should be made into a public fossil park- here is their proposal: https://www.esconi.org/files/proposal-for-a-fossil-park-at-the-former-lone-star-quarry-site-final.pdf Now a state legislator representing the area has introduced a bill to do just that- the synopsis reads: "Amends the Department of Natural Resources (Conservation) Law of the Civil Administrative Code of Illinois. Provides that the Department of Natural Resources shall designate a portion of the former Lone Star Quarry site near Oglesby as a fossil park to allow for the collection of fossils. Provides that Department by rule may designate which portion of the land shall constitute the fossil park and any requirements for admittance or permits for entry into the fossil park. Provides that the Department may collaborate with any State university to establish educational opportunities or events at the fossil park." Hopefully this will become a law and this park can join the famous Mazonia-Braidwood as Illinois's second park for fossil collecting. If you are an Illinois resident, please contact your state representative and tell them to sign on as co-sponsor or support this bill!
  6. fossil laws in Germany

    Does anybody know about fossil laws in Germany?
  7. This is not a rant or venting; just a mild exclamation of surprise and bemusement. So...I listed a few fossil shark teeth on LetGo and lo and behold, the listing was pulled and I was directed to the site rules where sho 'nuff: no fossils! Fossils fall under LetGo's Prohibited agAinst selling Animal products which (besides fossils) includes live animals and fur, skin, etc. of endangered species. What's strange to me is that 'only' the fur, skins, etc. of endangered animals are prohibited. I say that's "strange" because it doesn't seem the site bans other animal products since -besides leather shoes and clothing- goat skins and cow hides are offered; so it doesn't seem to be a case of "The Vegan Mafia" fighting "the rampant exploitation of animals, living and dead, modern and ancient" blah, blah, blah... And Indian Arrowheads and other antiquities are allowed so it doesn't seem to be a case of one of the misguided souls who mew "Don't nobody be robbing us of our heritage!" So why the ban against fossils-? What did a fossil ever do to LetGo? LOL
  8. Fossil Export Laws - Morocco

    Hi guys, There are obviously a lot of fossils (shark teeth, etc.) in the US and elsewhere from Morocco. So I always assumed that they must have left Morocco legally. But I recently heard that exporting fossils is technically illegal in Morocco, just isn't enforced (except for scientifically significant finds) since it's important economically to a lot of poor people in the country. Can anyone confirm this, and if so, has this always been the case? Thanks.
  9. What are the laws on collecting on public land in GA (ie roads) etc?
  10. I am sure many of you are buyers as well as collectors, and one issue we would hate to face would be to have your legal fossils impounded by the customs, whether it be during delivery from overseas, or when you travel aboard with fossils. Personally, I've faced this situation twice. The first was when I imported a meg tooth from North Carolina. I was summoned to the customs office for smuggling in shark products. Thankfully, I managed to convince them that the megalodon was in fact extinct and not heavily endangered(glad the officer wasn't a living-meg conspiracist). Two years later, I had a Judith River theropod tooth seized mid-delivery, and I had to go to the customs again. This time, I had the misfortune of facing a paranoid officer who was determined that dinosaur fossils did not belong in personal collections. I did not have official papers with me declaring that the fossil was legal, and the officer grilled me for an hour on why I was smuggling precious dinosaur fossils. I challenged him to prove my Judith River fossil was illegal. He couldn't. Finally, after his higher-up was involved, they admitted my dinosaur tooth wasn't illegal after all, and I was allowed to keep it. It isn't always a happy ending however. My friend who was travelling overseas had bought common fossils like a Moroccan mosasaur jaw and some ammonites. In Paris, they seized his fossils, saying they had to check for the legality of the specimens. As he was in mid-travel, he had no choice but to leave his fossils behind. He never saw his fossils again, not even after negotiating with them for months. All this because he couldn't produce legal papers. Buyers and diggers would understand - most of the time you wouldn't be getting documentation from museums for your fossils... unless they are important specimens, in which case you shouldn't be trading them at all. But if you lack the papers, the customs can seize your fossil at any time if you can't prove it is legal. Do you see the logical fallacy here? Imagine say, you dug up your own tyrannosaur tooth in USA, stopped by Canada for a holiday, only to have the customs seize your fossil because you are unable to proof it isn't found in Canada. How would you feel? So to everyone who buys fossils, or bring them across countries, how would you ensure that your legal fossils can get through the customs?
  11. I posted this in answer to a post, but thought for visibility I would also post it here. Although part of me is ok with people thinking it is illegal to take fossils out of New Zealand, this is not accurate. As a New Zealander I perhaps would be happy for people to think our fossils are not to be removed, but in the interests of accuracy I thought I should correct this. I know TFF members with New Zealand fossils and I wouldn't want them thinking they had done something illegal by collecting fossils themselves from NZ or trading for them. It is illegal to export or remove Protected Objects. Some but not all fossils are categorized as protected objects. Fossils that are protected objects: From Schedule 4 of the Protected Objects Act http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1975/0041/latest/DLM432617.html 3)Objects in this category include— (a)a category of type specimen as defined by the current edition of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, or the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria: Bacteriological Code: (b)a specimen considered to be scientifically important for defining a taxon through having been illustrated in the original description, or new material subsequently illustrated (that is, hypotypes) and used to expand or refine this description in the scientific literature: (c)a specimen of an extant or extinct plant or rock or mineral, animal, or other organism or fossil or part thereof including any developmental stage, shell, or skeletal or supporting element, of which there is not a sufficient selection in New Zealand public collections to define the variation, range, and environmental context of the taxon or object. This does not include all fossils. Still please, like we would expect elsewhere in the world be respectful of our fossil deposits only collect for yourself and not mass sale (This may be illegal). Contact an expert if you think you have something important.
  12. This morning I had an unexpected day off from work and decided to head to Gainesville's creeks. I've done this many, many times before as I've been hunting fossils most of my life- Today I was approached by a member of City of Gainesville Department of Parks, Recreation and Cultural Affairs. I had only just arrived and started to dig below the waterline as I always do; but she educated me that there is a rule within the municipal city limits of Gainesville, stating that "no designated city park should allow creek access or digging in creeks within park boundaries." This is part of a larger conservation and erosion control effort by local habitat management. I made sure to be very cooperative and polite (as you ALWAYS should be), and I left after a very pleasant conversation with her. She agreed to research the issue and find out if there are ways to get access to the creeks within park boundaries via permit etc. Meanwhile, I called the number listed on my Florida fossil hunting permit and verified that the information I had been given was correct. The only "public access" to any Gainesville creeks is from the roadside at any point where the creeks intersect the road. From there, you can access them without touching private property. You must not go on the banks on either side as that IS private property. You may wade the creek and hunt, but never within a city park or private property without permission. I am literally posting this while I sit in a parking lot reviewing maps for alternate access. In the spirit of responsible hobby-hunting, conservation of Florida's wetlands and education, I wanted to share this information with you all. Happy Hunting!
  13. Hello Fossil Forum! I just moved to western TN north of Memphis. I want to get into collecting the Coon Creek formation as well as some of the Paleozoic deposits in the area. I am completely ignorant of the laws surrounding fossil collecting in TN, and a google search hasn't gotten me anywhere. What are the laws about state land? Thank you, Jarm
  14. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since April 18, 2018. SPECIAL NOTE: The links below lead to files that may or may not be the most recent revisions of various local, State, Federal, etc. laws that I could find on the Internet. This compilation is not intended to be taken as legal advice nor does the compiler represent himself as a legal authority. Readers are strongly encouraged to familiarize themselves with all applicable laws before collecting fossils in any locale. Fossil and Artifact Collecting - Management, Laws and Regulations Laws and Regulations United States Alabama GSA Website dealing with laws about fossil collecting. Alaska U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (2001). Regulations for Marine Mammal Parts Beach Found by Non-Natives. Fact Sheet. Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation (2006). Historical, Prehistorical and Archaeological Resources Act of 1973 (Revised 09/11). 8CCR 1504-7 Rules and Procedures. Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation. (2011). Application for a Colorado State Permit for Archaeological or Paleontological Work (1415). Office of the State Archaeologist. Affidavit of Lawful Presence. (CRS 24-76.5-103) *Must be included with permit application. Bureau of Land Management. Rockhounding and Fossil Collecting - BLM Colorado. BLM/CO/GI-09/007. Florida Florida Fossil Permit Florida Legislature (2013). The 2013 Florida Statutes -1004.576. Title XLVIII - Chapter 1004. Idaho Recreational Prospecting. Rockhounding and Fossil Hunting on the Idaho Panhandle National Forests. Illinois Fossil Collecting Day-Use Permit: Mazonia Braidwood Fish and Wildlife Area. Montana United States Department of Agriculture (2010). Recreational Prospecting. Rockhounding and Fossil Hunting in the Montana National Forests of the Northern Region. Northern Region National Forest website. Nevada Bureau of Land Management. Collecting on Public Lands. BLM pamphlet. New Jersey Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey (2004). P.L. 2004, Chapter 170. An ACT protecting New Jersey's publicly owned heritage. New Mexico New Mexico State Land Office/New Mexico Museum of Nature and Science (2014). State Land Commissioner Signs Agreement to Protect Fossils Found on State Trust Lands. North Dakota Hoganson, J.W. The Selling of the Tyrannosaurus rex named "Sue": Its Effect on North Dakota's Fossil Resource Management Program. NDGS Newsletter, Vol.25, Number 2. Hoganson, J.W. North Dakota's Fossil Resource Management Program and the Private Landowner. NDGS Newsletter, Vol.19, Number 2. North Dakota Legislative Branch (1990). Article 43-04. Geological Survey Paleontological Resource Protection. North Dakota Legislative Branch (1990). Chapter 43-04-02. Permit Program. Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Council (2007). Title 38 of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribal Code of Justice - Paleontology. Resolution Number 355-07. South Carolina South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology. Hobby Diver License Application (includes summary of South Carolina Antiquities Act of 1991). Texas Texas Historical Commission (amended Sept. 1, 1977). Antiquities Code of Texas. Texas Historical Commission - Archaeology Division. Artifact Collecting in Texas - Landowner Flyer. Utah Geologic Information and Outreach Staff (2003). Rules and Regulations Regarding Rock, Mineral and Fossil Collecting in Utah. Public Information Series 23, Utah Geological Survey. Wisconsin Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (2012). Wisconsin Administrative Code Chapter NR 45 - Use of Department Resources. Register February 2012 Number 674 (See NR 45.04 General Rules). Wyoming Board of Land Commissioners. Chapter 11. State Lands Exclusive Commercial and Non-Exclusive Scientific Fossil Removal Permits. Federal Lands Brunner, J., J. Kenworthy and V. Santucci (2009). Unauthorized Fossil Collecting from National Park Service Shorelines: Servicewide Policy and Perspectives. Proceedings of the 2009 George Wright Society Conference. Lazerwitz, T.J. (1994). Bones of Contention: The Regulation of Paleontological Resources on the Federal Public Lands. Indiana Law Journal, Vol.69. Report of the Secretary of the Interior (2000). Assessment of Fossil Management on Federal & Indian Lands. United States Department of the Interior. United States Department of the Interior - Bureau of Land Management (1998). Paleontological Resource Management. BLM Manual 8270. United States Department of the Interior - Bureau of Land Management (1998). General Procedural Guidance for Paleontological Resource Management. BLM Manual 8270-1. United States Forest Service (2010). Collecting Fossils: When a Permit is Required. Minerals and Geology Management, Centralized National Operations (MGM-CNO). Omnibus Public Land Management Act (2009). Subtitle D - Paleontological Resources Preservation. Public Law 111-011. P.L. 111-011, Title VI. United States Senate Report (2007). Paleontological Resources Preservation Act. Senate Calendar Number 43, Report 110-18. Canada Alberta Alberta Federation of Rock Clubs (2014). Laws Pertaining to the Collection, Ownership, and Selling of Ammonite Shell, Fossils, and Petrified Wood in Alberta. AFRC, Sep 2014 Province of Alberta (2000). Historical Resources Act. Revised Statutes of Alberta 2000, Chapter H-9. British Columbia Fossil Management Review Technical Working Group (2004). Fossil Management for British Columbia. A Review of Fossil Management in Other Jurisdictions With Recommendations for British Columbia. New Brunswick New Brunswick Heritage Conservation Act Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Department of Tourism, Culture and Heritage. Brochure: Special Places. Special Places Program, Heritage Division, Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage. Nova Scotia Department of Tourism, Culture and Heritage. Palaeontology Field Research Guidelines. Nova Scotia Department of Tourism, Culture and Heritage. Palaeontology Professional Research Guidelines. Nova Scotia Department of Tourism, Culture and Heritage. Heritage Research Permit (Palaeontology) Application. Africa Ndoro, W., A. Mumma and G. Abungu (2008). Cultural Heritage and the Law. Protecting Immovable Heritage in English-Speaking Countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. ICCROM Conservation Studies, 8. Niger Ministry of Mines and Energy (2007). Mining Code of the Republic of Niger. South African Heritage Resources Agency (1999). National Heritage Resources Act, Number 25 of 1999. Asia Peng, L.C. (1992). Fossil Localities in Malaysia: Their Conservation and Significance. Background Paper, Malaysian National Conservaton Strategy, Economic Planning Unit, Kuala Lumpur. Australasia Australian Museum (2012). Collecting fossils in New South Wales. (Thanks to Phossiker for finding this one!) Department for Environment and Heritage - Fossil Working Group. Fossil Protection in South Australia. Hayward, B.W. (2009). Protecting fossil sites in New Zealand. Carnets de Geologie, Book 2009-03, Chapter 5. New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage (1975; reprinted 2014). Protected Objects Act 1975. (Thanks to Dr. Mud for finding this one!) Europe Aniţăi, N. (2013). Paleontological Heritage in Dobrogea: Protection, Geoconservation, Education and Promotion. Geo-Eco-Marina, 19. Conservation Directorate (2007). The National Trust Policy for the Collecting of Geological Materials (Fossils, Rocks, and Minerals). The National Trust. Norman, D.B. (1992). Fossil Collecting and Site Conservation in Britain: Are They Reconcilable? Palaeontology, Vol.35, Part 2. Scottish Natural Heritage (1999). Fossil collecting in Scotland. Information and Advisory Note, Number 110. Scottish Natural Heritage. Scottish Fossil Code. South America Gibney, E. (2014). Brazil clamps down on illegal fossil trade. Nature, Vol.507. Seizure/Forfeiture Cases Spangler, J. (2002). Dinosaur fossil case ends in plea bargain. Deseret News. United States of America (2017). Tyrannosaurus bataar Skull Forfeiture Case 7: 17-CV-106 Document 1. U.S. Department of Justice (2013). Hadrosaur Forfeiture Case 1: 13-cy-00857-PKC Document 1. General Management and Commercial/Amateur Collecting Atkinson, T.P., R.J. Buta and D.C. Kopaska-Merkel (2005). Saving the Union Chapel Mine: How a Group of Determined Amateurs Teamed Up with Professionals to Save a World-Class Trackway Site in Alabama. In: Pennsylvanian Footprints in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama. Buta, R.J., A.K. Rindsberg and D.C. Kopaska-Merkel (eds.), Alabama Paleontological Society Monograph Number 1. Catalani, J.A. (2014). Contributions by amateur paleontologists in 21st century paleontology. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.17, Issue 2. Chure, D. (2000). New Threats to Old Bones. The Theft of Fossil Vertebrates from Museum Collections. CRM, Number 5. Doucette, J. (2013). The Price of Value: Commercial Fossil Trade and Natural History Museums. Fedonkin, M.A., et al. (2009). Paleo-piracy endangers Vendian (Ediacaran) fossils in the White Sea-Arkhangelsk region of Russia. Carnets de Geologie, CG2009_B03. Gutierrez-Marco, J.C., et al. (2017). Recent Geoethical Issues in Moroccan and Peruvian Paleontology. Annals of Geophysics 60, Fast Track 7. Hatcher, J. (2006). Preserving America's Fossil Heritage. In: Fossils from Federal Lands. Lucas, S.G., et al. (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 34. Hallwood, P. and T.J. Miceli (2014). Unearthing T. rex: The Law and Economics of Paleontological Finds. University of Connecticut - Department of Economics, Working Paper Series, 2014-07. Hippensteel, S. and S. Condliffe (2013). Profiting from the past: Are fossils a sound investment? GSA Today, Vol.23, Number 8. Kuizon, L. (2006). Appraisal of Fossil Resources and Specimens. In: Fossils from Federal Lands. Lucas, S.G., et al. (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 34. Larson, P.L. and D. Russell (2014). The benefits of commercial fossil sales to 21st century paleontology. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.17, Issue 1. Lundgren, G. (1998). Protecting Federal Fossils from Extinction. Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review, Vol.26, Issue 1. MacFadden, B.J., et al. (2016). Amateur paleontological societies and fossil clubs, interactions with professional paleontologists and social paleontology in the United States. Palaeontologia Electronica, 19.2.1E. Mayor, A. (2007). Fossils in Native American Lands: Whose Bones, Whose Story? Paper presented at the History of Science annual meeting, Washington DC. Norman, D.B. (1992). Fossil Collecting and Site Conservation in Britain: Are They Reconcilable? Palaeontology, Vol.35, Part 2. Padian, K. (2000). Feathers, Fakes and Fossil Dealers: How the Commercial Sale of Fossils Erodes Science and Education. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.3, Issue 2, Editorial 2. Page, K.N. (2018). Fossils, heritage and conservation: Managing demands on a precious resource. In: Geoheritage. Reynard, E. and J. Brilha (eds.) Plotnick, R.E. (2011). Out of the Mainstream: Fossil collecting in the 21st century. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.14, Issue 1. Santucci, V.L., P. Newman and D. Taff (20016. Toward a Conceptual Framework for Assessing the Human Dimension of Paleontological Resources. In: Fossil Record 5. Sullivan, R.M. and S.G. Lucas (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 74. Shimada, K., et al. (2014). The greatest challenge to 21st century paleontology: When commercialization of fossils threatens the science. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.17, Issue 1.