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Found 6 results

  1. Tooth ID? Horse, camel, llama

    I found this along the Satilla River in Southeast Georgia USA. Can anyone help me identify what kind of tooth it is? It is very square in circumference. There are four holes in the bottom. It is fairly straight, not very curved.
  2. Provenance needed

    A collector/dealer recently donated to our museum a small collection of Pleistocene vertebrate fossils (mostly mammalian) from Florida. Only a few items were labelled, and he could not recall any provenance for some of the material. Even though the material was poorly provenanced, it will make a welcome addition to our comparative collection of Pleistocene vertebrates. Can anyone help me with the provenance for the llama/camel (cf. Hemiauchenia) calcaneum in this phone-camera snapshot? I thought the attached oyster shells might help in narrowing down the possibilities. I was given a verbal location for this specimen (there was no label), but I am skeptical. Thank you!
  3. Need some help on a molar? Deer?

    Well Gang, here's the latest unknown I could use some help with. A surface find Manatee County, FL. Likely Plio-Pleistocene in age. It is good sized and just over 1 inch at its widest (2.8cm X 1.5cm) in occlusal view. Can anyone confirm it is or is not deer? Would love to hear the reasoning on how/why. Went thru some of the other Deer/llama ID posts but I'm still unsure. I'd love to have genus if either is possible if its not deer. Let me know if any other measurements/views are needed. Thanks, Chris
  4. Camel Cannon?

    About a year ago I posted pics of a distal camelid cannon bone. http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/48651-cannon-bone/?hl=camelops Now I think I have the proximal end. This piece measures 5.5 inches long and the widest measurement is 2.75 inches. Is it camel? If so, would the size suggest camelops? Thanks.
  5. camel cervical vertebra

    From the album BONES

    This is a cervical (neck) vertebra - a C3 or C4 - from a Pleistocene camelid from Gilchrist County, Florida. The species name is uncertain, but lamine (llamas) camels were the dominant species in the Florida Pleistocene. More images at: http://www.thefossil...be/#entry599855 (This image is best viewed by clicking on the "options" button on the upper right of this page => "view all sizes" => "large".)

    © -Harry Pristis 2015

  6. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since November 15, 2017. Order Artiodactyla Family Camelidae Subfamily Camelinae Tribe Camelini - Camels Camelini - Africa/Middle East Payne, S. and A. Garrard (1983). Camelus from the Upper Pleistocene of Mount Carmel, Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science, 10. Sen, S. (2010). Camelids do not occur in the late Miocene mammal locality of Çobanpinar, Turkey. Russian J.Theriol., 9(2). van der Made, J., et al. (2002). The first camel from the Upper Miocene of Turkey and the dispersal of camels into the Old World. C.R. Palevol, 1(2002) Camelini - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Logvynenko, V.M. (2001). Paracamelus minor (Camelidae, Tylopoda) - A New Camelid Species from the Middle Pliocene of Ukraine. Vestnik zoologii, 35(1). Titov, V.V. (2008). Habitat conditions for Camelus knoblochi and factors in its extinction. Quaternary International, 179. Titov, V.V. (2003). Paracamelus from the Late Pliocene of the Black Sea Region. Advances in Vertebrate Paleontology "Hen to Panta". Titov, V.V. and V.N. Logvynenko (2006). Early Paracamelus (Mammalia, Tylopoda) in Eastern Europe. Acta zoologica cracoviensia, 49A(1-2). Camelini - North America Baskin, J. and R. Thomas (2016). A review of Camelops (Mammalia, Artiodactyla, Camelidae), a giant llama from the Middle and Late Pleistocene (Irvingtonian and Rancholabrean) of North America. Historical Biology, Vol.28, Numbers 1-2. Frison, G.C., et al. (1978). Paleo-Indian Procurement of Camelops in the Northwestern Plains. Quaternary Research, 10. Hay, O.P. (1913). Camels of the Fossil Genus Camelops. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 46. Haynes, G. and D. Stanford (1984). On the Possible Utilization of Camelops by Early Man in North America. Quaternary Research, 22. Heintzman, P.D., et al. (2015). Genomic Data from Extinct North American Camelops Revise Camel Evolutionary History. Mol.Biol.Evol., Advance access publication. Humpula, J.F., et al. (2007). Investigation of the protein osteocalcin of Camelops hesternus: Sequence, structure and phylogenetic implications. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71. Jass, C.N. and T.E. Allan (2016). Camel fossils from gravel pits near Edmonton and Vauxhall, and a review of the Quaternary camelid record of Alberta. Can.J. Earth Sci., 53(5). Kirkland, H. (1997). Extinct Camel in Oklahoma. Proc.Okla.Acad.Sci., 77. Kirkland, H. (1993). A Complete Tertiary Camel Skull from Roger Mills County: Description and CT Scan.Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci., 73. Matthew, W.D. and J.R. MacDonald (1960). Two New Species of Oxydactylus from the Middle Miocene Rosebud Formation in Western South Dakota. American Museum Novitates, Number 2003. Zazula, G.D., et al. (2016). Osteological assessment of Pleistocene Camelops hesternus (Camelidae: Camelinae: Camelini) from Alaska and Yukon. American Museum Novitates, Number 3866. (19.2MB) Zazula, G.D., et al. (2011). Last interglacial western camel (Camelops hesternus) from eastern Beringia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30. Tribe Lamini - Llamas, Guanacos, Vicunas and Alpacas Bravo-Cuevas, V.M. and E. Jiménez-Hidalgo (2015). First reported occurrence of Palaeolama mirifica (Camelidae, Lamini) from the Late Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) of Puebla, central Mexico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, Vol.67, Number 1. Bravo-Cuevas, V.M., et al. (2012). A small Hemiauchenia from the late Pleistocene of Hidalgo, central Mexico. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 57(3). Cartajena, I., P. Lopez, and I. Martinez (2010). New camelid (Artidactyla: Camelidae)record from the late Pleistocene of Calama (Second Region, Chile): a morphological and morphometric discussion. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, Vol.27, Number 2. Feranec, R.S. (2003). Stable isotopes, hypsodonty, and the paleodiet of Hemiauchenia (Mammalia: Camelidae): a morphological specialization creating ecological generalization. Paleobiology, 29(2). Harrison, J.A. (1979). Revision of the Camelinae (Artiodactyla, Tylopoda) and Description of the New Genus Alforjas. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 95. Marcolino, C.P., et al. (2012). Diet of Palaeolama major (Camelidae) of Bahia, Brazil, inferred from coprolites. Quaternary International, 278. Meachen, J.A. (2005). A New Species of Hemicauchenia (Artiodactyla, Camelidae) from the Late Blancan of Florida. Bull.Fla.Mus.Nat.Hist., 45(4). Meachen, J.A. (2003). A New Species of Hemiauchenia (Camelidae:Lamini) from the Plio-Pleistocene of Florida. Masters Thesis - University of Florida. Mendez, C., D. Jackson and R. Seguel (2011). Equus and Palaeolama Direct 14C Ages at Las Monedas Site, Semiarid North of Chile. CRP, 28. Ruez, D.R. (2005). Earliest Record of Palaeolama (Mammalia,Camelidae) with Comments on "Paleolama" guanajuatensis. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25(3). Salas, R., et al. (2003). The Presence of Plio-Pleistocene Palaeolama sp. (Artiodactyla: Camelidae) on the Southern Coast of Peru. Bull. Inst. fr. etudes andines, 32(2). Scherer, C.S., et al. (2007). Contributions to the Knowledge of Hemiauchenia paradoxa (Artiodactyla,Camelidae) from the Pleistocene of Southern Brazil.Revista Brasileira De Paleontologia, 10(1). Weinstock, J., et al. (2009). The Late Pleistocene distribution of vicunas (Vicugna vicugna) and the "extinction" of the gracile llama ("Lama gracilis"): New molecular data. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28. Yann, L.T. (2014). Diet and Water Source of Pleistocene Lamini Camelids Based On Stable Isotopes of Tooth Enamel: Implications for North American Vegetation and Paleoclimate. Ph.D. Dissertation - Vanderbilt University. (160 pages) Tribe(?) Protolabidini Frick, C., and B.E. Taylor (1971). Michenia, a New Protolabine (Mammalia, Camelidae) and a Brief Review of the Early Taxonomic History of the Genus Protolabis. American Museum Novitates, Number 2444. Honey, J.G. and B.E. Taylor (1978). A Generic Revision of the Protolabidini (Mammalia, Camelidae), With a Description of Two New Protolabidines. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol.161, Article 3. (16.71MB) Pagnac, D. (2005). New camels (Mammalia: Artiodactyla) from the Barstow Formation (Middle Miocene), San Bernardino County, California. PaleoBios, 25(2). Subfamily Floridatragulinae Rincon, A.F., et al. (2012). New Floridatragulines (Mammalia, Camelidae) from the Early Miocene Las Cascadas Formation, Panama. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 32(2). Subfamily Miolabinae Kelly, T.S. (1992). New Middle Miocene camels from the Caliente Formation, Cuyama Valley badlands, California. PaleoBios, Vol.13, Number 52. Matthew, W.D. (1904). Notice of Two New Oligocene Camels. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol.XX, Article XVIII. Pagnac, D. (2005). New camels (Mammalia: Artiodactyla) from the Barstow Formation (Middle Miocene), San Bernardino County, California. PaleoBios, 25(2). Whistler, D.P. and S.D. Webb (2005). New Goatlike Camelid from the Late Pliocene of Tecopa Lake Basin, California. Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Number 503. Subfamily Poebrotheriinae Wall, W.P. and J.M. Hauptman. A Craniodental Interpretation of the Dietary Habits of Poebrotherium wilsoni (Camelidae) from the Oligocene of Badlands National Park, South Dakota. National Park Service (Read on-line only, no PDF available). Subfamily Stenomylinae Cassiliano, M. (2010). Is Stenomylus tubutamensis Ferrusquia-Villafranca 1990 a valid species? Rocky Mountain Geology, Vol.45, Number 1. Frick, C. and B.E. Taylor (1968). A Generic Review of Stenomyline Camels. American Museum Novitates, Number 2353. Prothero, D.R. and C.A. Lubar (2016). Fossil Camels from the Late Oligocene Eastlake Local Fauna, Otay Formation, San Diego County, California. In: Fossil Record 5. Sullivan, R.M. and S.G. Lucas (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 74. Wood, P.A. (1958). A Miocene Camel from Wellton, Yuma County, Arizona. Masters Thesis - University of Arizona. General Camelidae General Camelidae - Africa/Middle East Harris, J.M., D. Geraads and N. Solounias (2010). 41. Camelidae. In: Cenozoic Mammals of Africa. Werdelin, L. and W.J. Sanders, University of California Press. Martini, P., et al. (2015). Pleistocene camelids from the Syrian Desert: The diversity in El Kowm. L'anthropologie, 119. General Camelidae - North America Christianson, K.T. (2007). δ13 and δ18 analysis of Cenozoic Camelidae tooth enamel, Great Plains, USA. Senior Integrative Exercise, Carleton College. Dalquest, W.W. (1992). Problems in the nomenclature of North American Pleistocene camelids. Ann.Zool.Fennici, 28. Honey, J.G., et al. (1998). 30. Camelidae. In: Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America - Volume 1: Terrestrial Carnivores, Ungulates and Ungulatelike Mammals. Janis, C.K, K.M. Scott and L.L. Jacobs (eds.), Cambridge University Press. Harrison, J.A. (1985). Giant Camels from the Cenozoic of North America. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology, Number 57. McKenna, M.C. (1966). Synopsis of Whitneyan and Arikareean Camelid Phylogeny. American Museum Novitates, Number 2253. Prothero, D.R. (1996). Camelidae. In: The Terrestrial Eocene-Oligocene Transition in North America. (Prothero, D.R. and R.J. Emry, eds.) Cambridge University Press. Rybczynski, N., et al. (2013). Mid-Pliocene warm-period deposits in the High Arctic yield insight into camel evolution. Nature Communications, 4:1550. Semprebon, G.M. and F. Rivals (2010). Trends in the paleodietary habits of fossil camels in the Tertiary and Quaternary of North America. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 295. Webb, S.D. (1982). Fossil Camels of the Gulf Coastal Plain. The Plaster Jacket, Number 39. (Thanks to Nimravus for pointing this one out!) Webb, S.D. and F.G. Stehli (1995). Selenodont Artiodactyla (Camelidae and Cervidae) from the Leisey Shell Pits, Hillsborough County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.37, Part II, Number 19. Wortman, J.L. (1898). The Extinct Camelidae of North America and Some Associated Forms. Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, Vol. X, Article VII. General Camelidae - South America/Central America/Caribbean Bonavia, D. (2008). The South American Camelids. Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press, UCLA. (entire 635 page book) Bravo-Cuevas, V.M., J. Arroyo-Cabrales and J. Priego-Vargas (2016). The Record of Camelids (Artiodactyla, Camelidae) from the Valsequillo Basin, Late Pleistocene of Puebla State, Central Mexico: Taxonomy, Diet, and Geographic Distribution. Rev.bras.paleontol., 19(2). Jimenez-Hidalgo, E. and O. Carranza-Castaneda (2010). Blancan Camelids from San Miguel de Allende, Guanajuato, Central Mexico. J.Paleont, 84(1). Wheeler, J.C. (2012). South American camelids - past, present and future. Journal of Camelid Science, 5. Wheeler, J.C. (1995). Evolution and the present situation of South American Camelidae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 54. General Camelidae Cope, E.D. (1886). The Phylogeny of the Camelidae. The American Naturalist, Vol.20, Number 7. Davis, E.B. and B.K. McHorse (2013). A method for improved identification of postcrania from mammalian fossil assemblages: multivariate discriminant function analysis of camelid astragali. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.16, Issue 3. Janis, C.M., et al. (2002). Locomotor Evolution in Camels Revisited: A Quantitative Analysis of Pedal Anatomy and the Acquisition of the Pacing Gait.Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 22(1). Yann, L.T., et al. (2016). Dietary ecology of Pleistocene camelids: Influences of climate, environment, and sympatric taxa. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 461.