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Found 28 results

  1. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Rugose Coral, with Druzy Quartz Warsaw, Missouri Mississippian Period (358.9 to 323.2 million years ago) This is an interesting specimen with druzy quartz on the bottom of the ancient fossil coral. In the central and southern Missouri region mostly is micro-quartz filled flint and chert stones laying about and this coral is similar stone. This stone is 34mm by 22mm by 20mm. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Anthozoa Subclass: †Rugosa (Milne-Edwards and Haime, 1850)
  2. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Rugose Coral, with Druzy Quartz Warsaw, Missouri Mississippian Period (358.9 to 323.2 million years ago) This is an interesting specimen with druzy quartz on the bottom of the ancient fossil coral. In the central and southern Missouri region mostly is micro-quartz filled flint and chert stones laying about and this coral is similar stone. This stone is 34mm by 22mm by 20mm. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Anthozoa Subclass: †Rugosa (Milne-Edwards and Haime, 1850)
  3. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Rugose Coral, with Druzy Quartz Warsaw, Missouri Mississippian Period (358.9 to 323.2 million years ago) This is an interesting specimen with druzy quartz on the bottom of the ancient fossil coral. In the central and southern Missouri region mostly is micro-quartz filled flint and chert stones laying about and this coral is similar stone. This stone is 34mm by 22mm by 20mm. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Anthozoa Subclass: †Rugosa (Milne-Edwards and Haime, 1850)
  4. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Rugose Coral, with Druzy Quartz Warsaw, Missouri Mississippian Period (358.9 to 323.2 million years ago) This is an interesting specimen with druzy quartz on the bottom of the ancient fossil coral. In the central and southern Missouri region mostly is micro-quartz filled flint and chert stones laying about and this coral is similar stone. This stone is 34mm by 22mm by 20mm. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Anthozoa Subclass: †Rugosa (Milne-Edwards and Haime, 1850)
  5. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Rugose Coral, with Druzy Quartz Warsaw, Missouri Mississippian Period (358.9 to 323.2 million years ago) This is an interesting specimen with druzy quartz on the bottom of the ancient fossil coral. In the central and southern Missouri region mostly is micro-quartz filled flint and chert stones laying about and this coral is similar stone. This stone is 34mm by 22mm by 20mm. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Anthozoa Subclass: †Rugosa (Milne-Edwards and Haime, 1850)
  6. Archimedes Bryzoan D

    From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Archimedes Bryzoan in Matrix Bangor Limestone Formation, North Alabama Mississippian Period c 325,000,000 years ago Archimedes is a genus of bryozoans belonging to the family Fenestellidae. The first use of the term "Archimedes" in relation to this genus was in 1838. This genus of bryozoans is named Archimedes because of its corkscrew shape, in analogy to the Archimedes' screw, a type of water pump which inspired modern ship propellers. These forms are pretty common as fossils but they have been extinct since the Permian. Archimedes is a genus of fenestrate bryozoans with a calcified skeleton of a delicate spiral-shaped mesh that was thickened near the axis into a massive corkscrew-shaped central structure. The most common remains are fragments of the mesh that are detached from the central structure, and these may not be identified other than by association with the "corkscrews", that are fairly common. Specimens in which the mesh remains attached to the central structure are rare. Like other bryozoans, Archimedes forms colonies, and like other fenestrates, the individuals (or zooids) lived on one side of the mesh, and can be recognized for the two rows of equally distanced rimmed pores. Inside the branches, neighbouring individuals were in contact through small canals. Bryozoans are stationary epifaunal suspension feeders. The majority of fossils of this genus are distributed throughout Europe and North America, but they have also been found in sediments of Afghanistan, Canada, Russia, and Australia. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Bryozoa Class: Stenolaemata Order: †Fenestrida Family: †Fenestellidae Genus: †Archimedes
  7. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Conostichus - Sea Anemone Burrow Fossils SITE LOCATION: Cedar Creek Lake in Franklin County, Alabama TIME PERIOD: Mississippian Period (ca 350,000,000 yrs old) Data: Conostichus is an ichnogenus of trace fossil. Conostichus was first described as a marine plant by Leo Lesquereaux, a famous paleobotanist (a student of fossil plants) in 1876 from specimens found in southern Illinois. Because of their radial symmetry, however, they have more recently been thought to be molds of crinoids or burrows of sea anemones. Specimens found in place in their enclosing rocks commonly occur in shale beds that include thin strata of fine sand; the cone-shaped structures broaden upward and it is thought that sand collected in the molds or burrows and then became firmly cemented by iron compounds. Shale weathers easily and so the specimens are released. The presence of Conostichus specimens indicates that the rock layers in which they are found were deposited in an ancient ocean. This knowledge can be of practical value because coal beds that are overlain by marine strata commonly are high in sulfur content and therefore may be considered less desirable for use as a fuel. Sea Anemone taxonomy below: (Incertae Sedis) Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Anthozoa Order: Hexacorallia Family: Actiniaria
  8. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Conostichus - Sea Anemone Burrow Fossils SITE LOCATION: Cedar Creek Lake in Franklin County, Alabama TIME PERIOD: Mississippian Period (ca 350,000,000 yrs old) Data: Conostichus is an ichnogenus of trace fossil. Conostichus was first described as a marine plant by Leo Lesquereaux, a famous paleobotanist (a student of fossil plants) in 1876 from specimens found in southern Illinois. Because of their radial symmetry, however, they have more recently been thought to be molds of crinoids or burrows of sea anemones. Specimens found in place in their enclosing rocks commonly occur in shale beds that include thin strata of fine sand; the cone-shaped structures broaden upward and it is thought that sand collected in the molds or burrows and then became firmly cemented by iron compounds. Shale weathers easily and so the specimens are released. The presence of Conostichus specimens indicates that the rock layers in which they are found were deposited in an ancient ocean. This knowledge can be of practical value because coal beds that are overlain by marine strata commonly are high in sulfur content and therefore may be considered less desirable for use as a fuel. Sea Anemone taxonomy below: (Incertae Sedis) Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Anthozoa Order: Hexacorallia Family: Actiniaria
  9. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Archimedes with fronds, in Matrix SITE LOCATION: Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation, northern Alabama. TIME PERIOD: Mississippian Period (ca 350,000,000 yrs old) Data: The Archimedes is also termed moss animal, the Bryozoans are colonial animals that live as filter feeders, filtering nutrition from food through it's fenestrae, a screen-like structure that went around the axis of its screw-like central structure seen here. The Bryzoan Archimedes is named after its resemblance to Archimedes’ screw, a device invented by the famous Greek mathematician, engineer, and inventor to raise water above grade. Specimens in which the mesh remains attached to the central structure are rare. Like other bryozoans, Archimedes forms colonies, and like other fenestrates, the individuals (or zooids) lived on one side of the mesh, and can be recognized for the two rows of equally distanced rimmed pores. Inside the branches, neighbouring individuals were in contact through small canals. Bryozoans are stationary epifaunal suspension feeders. The majority of fossils of this genus are distributed throughout Europe and North America, but they have also been found in sediments of Afghanistan, Canada, Russia, and Australia. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Bryozoa Class: Stenolaemata Order: †Fenestrida Family: †Fenestellidae Genus: †Archimedes
  10. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Archimedes with fronds, in Matrix SITE LOCATION: Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation, northern Alabama. TIME PERIOD: Mississippian Period (ca 350,000,000 yrs old) Data: The Archimedes is also termed moss animal, the Bryozoans are colonial animals that live as filter feeders, filtering nutrition from food through it's fenestrae, a screen-like structure that went around the axis of its screw-like central structure seen here. The Bryzoan Archimedes is named after its resemblance to Archimedes’ screw, a device invented by the famous Greek mathematician, engineer, and inventor to raise water above grade. Specimens in which the mesh remains attached to the central structure are rare. Like other bryozoans, Archimedes forms colonies, and like other fenestrates, the individuals (or zooids) lived on one side of the mesh, and can be recognized for the two rows of equally distanced rimmed pores. Inside the branches, neighbouring individuals were in contact through small canals. Bryozoans are stationary epifaunal suspension feeders. The majority of fossils of this genus are distributed throughout Europe and North America, but they have also been found in sediments of Afghanistan, Canada, Russia, and Australia. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Bryozoa Class: Stenolaemata Order: †Fenestrida Family: †Fenestellidae Genus: †Archimedes
  11. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Barylasma ovale Coral SITE LOCATION: Fort Payne Formation, Limestone Co., Alabama. TIME PERIOD: Mississippian Period (ca 350,000,000 yrs old) Data: This coral was a stationary epifaunal suspension feeder. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Anthozoa Order: †Stauriida Family: †Plerophyllidae Genus: †Barylasma Species: †ovale
  12. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Barylasma ovale Coral SITE LOCATION: Fort Payne Formation, Limestone Co., Alabama. TIME PERIOD: Mississippian Period (ca 350,000,000 yrs old) Data: This coral was a stationary epifaunal suspension feeder. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Anthozoa Order: †Stauriida Family: †Plerophyllidae Genus: †Barylasma Species: †ovale
  13. Crinoids - Fifeocrinus Arms a.jpg

    From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Fifeocrinus Crinoid Arms SITE LOCATION: Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation in northern Alabama TIME PERIOD: Mississippian Period (ca 325,000,000 yrs old) Data: Crinoids are marine animals that make up the class Crinoidea of the echinoderms (phylum Echinodermata). The name comes from the Greek word krinon, "a lily", and eidos, "form". Crinoids are characterised by a mouth on the top surface that is surrounded by feeding arms. They have a U-shaped gut, and their anus is located next to the mouth. Although the basic echinoderm pattern of fivefold symmetry can be recognised, most crinoids have many more than five arms. Crinoids usually have a stem used to attach themselves to a substrate, but many live attached only as juveniles and become free-swimming as adults. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Echinodermata Class: Crinoidea Order: †Cladida Family: †Plectorthidae Genus: †Fifeocrinus
  14. Crinoids - Fifeocrinus Arms a.jpg

    From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Fifeocrinus Crinoid Arms SITE LOCATION: Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation in northern Alabama TIME PERIOD: Mississippian Period (ca 325,000,000 yrs old) Data: Crinoids are marine animals that make up the class Crinoidea of the echinoderms (phylum Echinodermata). The name comes from the Greek word krinon, "a lily", and eidos, "form". Crinoids are characterised by a mouth on the top surface that is surrounded by feeding arms. They have a U-shaped gut, and their anus is located next to the mouth. Although the basic echinoderm pattern of fivefold symmetry can be recognised, most crinoids have many more than five arms. Crinoids usually have a stem used to attach themselves to a substrate, but many live attached only as juveniles and become free-swimming as adults. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Echinodermata Class: Crinoidea Order: †Cladida Family: †Plectorthidae Genus: †Fifeocrinus
  15. Bryozoans - Septopora subsuadrans a.jpg

    From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Bryozoans - Septopora subsuadrans Fossil Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation in northern Alabama Mississippian Period c 325,000,000 years ago Bryozoans are some of the most abundant fossils in the world. They are also widespread today, both in marine and freshwater environments, living at all latitudes and at depths ranging downward to at least 27,900 feet (8,500 meters). Septopora exemplifies the branching form of some bryozoan colonies. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Bryzoa Class: Stenolaemata Order: Fenestrida Family: Septoporidae Genus: Septopora Species: subsuadrans
  16. Bryozoans - Septopora subsuadrans a.jpg

    From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Bryozoans - Septopora subsuadrans Fossil Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation in northern Alabama Mississippian Period c 325,000,000 years ago Bryozoans are some of the most abundant fossils in the world. They are also widespread today, both in marine and freshwater environments, living at all latitudes and at depths ranging downward to at least 27,900 feet (8,500 meters). Septopora exemplifies the branching form of some bryozoan colonies. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Bryzoa Class: Stenolaemata Order: Fenestrida Family: Septoporidae Genus: Septopora Species: subsuadrans
  17. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Fossil Coral - Zaphrentis spinulosum Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation in northern Alabama Mississippian Period (ca 325,000,000 years old) Zaphrentis is a genus (sometimes made the type of the family Zaphrentidae) of solitary cup-shaped tetracorals that are common in Paleozoic formations and have numerous septa radiating from a deep pit in one side of the cup. Zaphrentis is one of the most widely used names in Paleozoic coral paleontology. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Anthozoa Order: Rugosa Family: Zaphrentidae Genus: Zaphrentis Species: spinulosa
  18. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Scaphopods -Three LAEVIDENTALIUM Matrices Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation in northern Alabama Mississippian Period - (ca 325,000,000 years old) Dentaliida is one of the two orders of scaphopod mollusks, commonly known as elephant's tusk shells. The order Dentaliida contains most of the larger scaphopods, and is distinguished from the other order (the Gadilidae) by the shape of its shell (the Dentaliid shell tapers uniformly from anterior to posterior; the Gadilid one has an anterior shell opening slightly smaller than the shell's widest point), the shape of the foot (the Dentaliid foot is boat-shaped with a central trough; the Gadilid foor is star-shaped), and the arrangement of some of their internal organs. Dentaliidae is a family of relatively large tusk shells, scaphopod mollusks in the order Dentaliida. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Scaphopoda Order: Dentaliida Family: Laevidentaliida Genus: Laevidentalium
  19. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Scaphopods -Three LAEVIDENTALIUM Matrices Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation in northern Alabama Mississippian Period - (ca 325,000,000 years old) Dentaliida is one of the two orders of scaphopod mollusks, commonly known as elephant's tusk shells. The order Dentaliida contains most of the larger scaphopods, and is distinguished from the other order (the Gadilidae) by the shape of its shell (the Dentaliid shell tapers uniformly from anterior to posterior; the Gadilid one has an anterior shell opening slightly smaller than the shell's widest point), the shape of the foot (the Dentaliid foot is boat-shaped with a central trough; the Gadilid foor is star-shaped), and the arrangement of some of their internal organs. Dentaliidae is a family of relatively large tusk shells, scaphopod mollusks in the order Dentaliida. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Scaphopoda Order: Dentaliida Family: Laevidentaliida Genus: Laevidentalium
  20. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Scaphopods -Three LAEVIDENTALIUM Matrices Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation in northern Alabama Mississippian Period - (ca 325,000,000 years old) Dentaliida is one of the two orders of scaphopod mollusks, commonly known as elephant's tusk shells. The order Dentaliida contains most of the larger scaphopods, and is distinguished from the other order (the Gadilidae) by the shape of its shell (the Dentaliid shell tapers uniformly from anterior to posterior; the Gadilid one has an anterior shell opening slightly smaller than the shell's widest point), the shape of the foot (the Dentaliid foot is boat-shaped with a central trough; the Gadilid foor is star-shaped), and the arrangement of some of their internal organs. Dentaliidae is a family of relatively large tusk shells, scaphopod mollusks in the order Dentaliida. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Scaphopoda Order: Dentaliida Family: Laevidentaliida Genus: Laevidentalium
  21. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Pseudorthoceras Cephalopod in matrix Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation in northern Alabama Mississippian Period (ca 325,000,000 years old) An extinct species of cephalopod. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Cephalopoda Order: Orthocerida Family: Pseudorthoceratidae Genus: Pseudorthoceras
  22. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Brachiopods - Composita subquadrata Chesterian Zone of the Bangor Limestone Formation in northern Alabama Mississippian Period (ca 325,000,000 yrs old) Composita is a brachiopod genus that lived from the Late Devonian to the Late Permian. Composita had a smooth shell with a more or less distinct fold and sulcus and a round opening for the pedicle on the pedicle valve. Composita is included in the family Athyrididae (Order Athyridida) and placed in the subfamily Spirigerellinae. The Rhynchonellata is a class of Lower Cambrian to Recent articulate brachiopods that combines orders from within the Rhynchonelliformea (Articulata revised) with well developed pedicle attachment. Shell forms vary from those with wide hinge lines to beaked forms with virtually no hinge line and from generally smooth to strongly plicate. Most all are biconvex. Lophophores vary and include both looped and spiraled forms. Although morphologically distinct, included orders follow a consistent phylogenetic sequence. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Brachiopoda Class: Rhynchonellata Order: Athyridida Family: Athyrididae Genus: Composita Species: subquadrata
  23. Archimedes Bryzoan.JPG

    From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Archimedes Bryzoan in Matrix Bangor Limestone Formation, North Alabama Mississippian Period c 325,000,000 years ago Archimedes is a genus of bryozoans belonging to the family Fenestellidae. The first use of the term "Archimedes" in relation to this genus was in 1838. This genus of bryozoans is named Archimedes because of its corkscrew shape, in analogy to the Archimedes' screw, a type of water pump which inspired modern ship propellers. These forms are pretty common as fossils but they have been extinct since the Permian. Archimedes is a genus of fenestrate bryozoans with a calcified skeleton of a delicate spiral-shaped mesh that was thickened near the axis into a massive corkscrew-shaped central structure. The most common remains are fragments of the mesh that are detached from the central structure, and these may not be identified other than by association with the "corkscrews", that are fairly common. Specimens in which the mesh remains attached to the central structure are rare. Like other bryozoans, Archimedes forms colonies, and like other fenestrates, the individuals (or zooids) lived on one side of the mesh, and can be recognized for the two rows of equally distanced rimmed pores. Inside the branches, neighbouring individuals were in contact through small canals. Bryozoans are stationary epifaunal suspension feeders. The majority of fossils of this genus are distributed throughout Europe and North America, but they have also been found in sediments of Afghanistan, Canada, Russia, and Australia. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Bryozoa Class: Stenolaemata Order: †Fenestrida Family: †Fenestellidae Genus: †Archimedes
  24. Phestia Wortheni.JPG

    From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Clam Fossil, Phestia Wortheni Bangor Formation, Northern Alabama Mississippian Period (325,000,000 years ago) Nuculanoida is an order of very small saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs in the subclass Protobranchia. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Mollusca Class: Bivalvia Order: Nuculandia Family: Nuculanidae Genus: †Phestia Species: †wortheni
  25. From the album MY FOSSIL Collection - Dpaul7

    Crinoid Stem in Matrix Fort Payne Formation, Alabama Mississippian Period ca 325,000,000 yrs old A crinoid stem in matrix, with other stem sections. Crinoids are marine animals that make up the class Crinoidea of the echinoderms (phylum Echinodermata). The name comes from the Greek word krinon, "a lily", and eidos, "form". They live in both shallow water and in depths as great as 9,000 meters (30,000 ft). Those crinoids which in their adult form are attached to the sea bottom by a stalk are commonly called sea lilies. The unstalked forms are called feather stars or comatulids. Crinoids are characterised by a mouth on the top surface that is surrounded by feeding arms. They have a U-shaped gut, and their anus is located next to the mouth. Although the basic echinoderm pattern of fivefold symmetry can be recognised, most crinoids have many more than five arms. Crinoids usually have a stem used to attach themselves to a substrate, but many live attached only as juveniles and become free-swimming as adults. There are only about 600 extant crinoid species, but they were much more abundant and diverse in the past. Some thick limestone beds dating to the mid- to late-Paleozoic are almost entirely made up of disarticulated crinoid fragments. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Echinodermata Class: Cridoidea
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