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  • *Pseudofossils ( Inorganic objects , markings, or impressions that resemble fossils.)

Found 86 results

  1. I'd like to make an announcement that a new species of stegosaure has been found in Indiana... A young grad student has uncovered what appears to be a baby stegosaure that can glow in the dark! I'm sure this find will be published in all the big name magazines and that National Geographic Channel will cover down on this scientific discovery. It's great when you can share your hobby and teach your children
  2. Fossil Research in Limbo

    Dinosaurs, fossils and the experts who study them have all waited for an end to the shutdown. the Washington Post By Brian Switek, January 25, 2019 https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/dinosaurs-fossils-and-the-experts-who-study-them-have-all-waited-for-an-end-to-the-shutdown/2019/01/25/4dfddf80-20e4-11e9-8b59-0a28f2191131_story.html A publication of mine, which has been accepted and is in editing for publication and the planning for a conference volume, for which I have been invited to prepare a short paper all came to a grinding halt beacuse of this gridlock. That said, I am quite lucky because at least I am not a federal employee. One person, whom I know, changed jobs from a federal to state position in mid-December 0f 2018. I now have to apologize for suggesting that he was crazy to do so. Yours, Paul H.
  3. UtahFossilHunter’s Classics

    This will be a topic dedicated to classic papers in paleontology, paleobiology, and paleoecology. I will be uploading randomly selected papers that are known as a “classics” or what I think will be future classics. They will usually be well known but not all will be. Hopefully, it’ll be about one a week at least for the next year. For the first one here is Periodicity of extinctions in the geologic past by David M. Raup and J. John Sepkoski Jr. LINK
  4. Hey Fossil folks! I dont have much of an outlet for sharing my enthusiasm for fossils outside of the forum. So I really wanted to share this with some people who might think this is cool . Ive always been into fossils but I’ve always had extra interests in trilobites and eurypterids. I’ve seen James hall references over the years in other material whenever I read about fossils from New York. Thinking I could own a copy of a historical book that is always referenced in reading material was just a dream. I was on google trying to find some access to these volumes and came across and amazon link with volume 7 for sale. I ended up buying volume 7 of James Halls Paleontology of New York. Volume 7 is titled “Paleontology Trilobites and other Crustacea”. I wasn’t sure if I saw the description correctly on amazon (there was no photo) and it said the book was from 1888. I took the leap cause I figured amazon wouldn’t mess with me that bad right? I got it in the mail mail the other day and I can’t can’t believe how magnificent this book is! These books are like works of art. The first half is text and the entire second half of the book are trilobite plates!! I cant believe I have a James hall book with all my favorite trilobites as they were first described from 1888! It’s in pretty very good shape I would say too. Now if if I could only get an original “Eurypterida of New York State” book I would die a happy man hah. Here are a couple photos. The book had the binding reinforced so it’s pretty tight. I didn’t open the book all the way to keep it in top condition. The dedication is kinda interesting and odd so I put that in. There are also some really wild trilobites documented in here lol. Al
  5. Bennington, J.B., 2003. Paleontology and sequence stratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous , New Jersey. Long Island Geologists Field Trip. https://pbisotopes.ess.sunysb.edu/lig/Field_Trips/guide-10-03.pdf https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Bret_Bennington https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237712370_Paleontology_and_Sequence_Stratigraphy_of_the_Upper_Cretaceous_Navesink_Formation_New_Jersey Long Island Geologists Field Trip Announcements and Guides https://pbisotopes.ess.sunysb.edu/lig/Field_Trips/ Yours, Paul H.
  6. North Coast Fossil Club - December Meeting

    until
    THE ANNUAL CHITALEY PALEOBOTANY COMPETITION Through the generosity of the late Dr. Shya Chitaley, the North Coast Fossil Club is proud to sponsor its annual Chitaley Paleobotany Competition which will be held at the December NCFC Meeting. http://www.ncfclub.org/
  7. PaleoTime-NL International Fossil Show

    until
    On Saterday March 9th 2019, the yearly international fossil show of Paleontica-Fossiel.net, the Paleobiologische Kring and the Werkgroep Fossielen Wageningen will be held again: the PaleoTime-NL International Fossil Show. At this show, fossils can be exchanged, sold and bought, there is also an identification stand by the Paleobiologische Kring and a varied program of lectures (in Dutch). This show is the largest paleontological event of the Netherlands! A gathering of fossil-enthusiasts. Entrance to this event is completely free! All the costs of this fossil show are completely covered by donations. For information for exhibitors, see our Exhibitor Information page. After 4 beautiful years at the ROVC in the town of Ede, PaleoTime-NL 2019 will take place at a new, larger and better location, at the Bouw & Infra Park in the city of Harderwijk. website: www.paleotime.nl/en location: Bouw & Infra Park, Ceintuurbaan 2, 3847 LG, Harderwijk, The Netherlands opening hours: 10:30 to 16:30 h No entrance fee for visitors. A voluntary donation is much appreciated
  8. Relevance of Paleontology (blogpost)

    This is rather interesting - an old (2013) blogpost from the PLOS Blogs about why paleontology is relevant https://blogs.plos.org/paleo/2013/02/19/why-paleontology-is-relevant/ -Christian
  9. As some might have read in a previous topic, I went to visit my girlfriend in Finland. Unfortunatly Finland must be one of the worst places to find fossils in the world, I did manage to find some quartz vains and a few pieces that may or may not be amber (have to do the hot needle test on them first) Even urban fossil hunting is near impossible as pretty much all buildings are made from the fossil-lacking stones that can be found in Finland. The only urban fossils I found was in the Burger King in the Helsinki Central Station, the floor was littered with orthocones there. But Finland really isn't a good place to hunt fossils. But one thing that definitly is a worth a visit is the Finnish Museum of Natural History! It isn't a really big museum, the collection isn't that big, but the way it is presented is very awesome! One of the few musea that nails being modern and educative at the same time without overdoing it. Especially the Taxidermy diorama's were done amazingly. But I will ofcourse start this topic with what I think will interest you guys the most, the Paleontology part of the museum. A mural with Pikaia, Opabinia & Hallucigenia models Trilobites, most of which were found in Aland (Finland), Gotland (Sweden) and other neighboring countries of Finland Trilobites, most of which were found in Aland (Finland), Gotland (Sweden) and other neighboring countries of Finland Orthocone models Graptolites Eurypterid found in Saarermaa in Estonia (Silurian age) Eurypterid model Giant orthocone model
  10. Many FFM's know of Niles Eldredge by way of the recently erected genus of Eldregeops and particularly Eldregeops rana. (Penn Dixie site and others.) Eldrege studied the then Phacops rana. LINK below. The book's subtitle is “ THE GREAT DEBATE AT THE HIGH TABLE OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY”. I didn't know of “THE GREAT DEBATE' and am taking the account as the history and “state of the science” of evolutionary theory. Published in 1995, there is apparently much subsequent development of the theory and science involved. Cheers , G Systematics and evolution of Phacops rana (Green, 1832) and Phacops iowensis Delo, 1935 (Trilobita) from the Middle Devonian of North America. Bulletin of the AMNH ; v. 147, article 2 Eldredge, Niles URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2246/1095 Date: 1972
  11. David C. Kopaska-Merkel and others, 2016, Cretaceous Stratigraphy and Paleontology of West-Central Alabama: A guidebook. Black Belt Museum. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/312232486_CRETACEOUS_STRATIGRAPHY_AND_PALEONTOLOGY_OF_WEST-CENTRAL_ALABAMA_A_GUIDEBOOK Yours, Paul H.
  12. Guide to Paleontology

    Hi everyone! I am very passionate about paleontology ever since I was young! And because I am not offered to study this course in my country, I am planning on self-studying and doing my own research. However, the problem is that I have absolutely no idea where to start! I would want to start right at the bottom, with the basics. So that when I move on and learn more about it, I will not be confused by terms or explanations. So should I start with the geological timescale? Or with geology and plate tectonics? Some tips would be greatly appreciated. Thank you!
  13. Can anyone help our class out?

    My students and I found this fossil in our garden but can't identify it. Can anyone help us based on the picture? Thank you so much! We think it's some sort of jawbone
  14. We’re Hardly Using Any Of Our Fossils The vast majority are languishing in museum storage. Is it time to dig them up all over again? By Cara Giaimo Atlas Obscura, September 26, 2018 https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/fossil-online-database The paper is: Marshall, C.R., Finnegan, S., Clites, E.C., Holroyd, P.A., Bonuso, N., Cortez, C., Davis, E., Dietl, G.P., Druckenmiller, P.S., Eng, R.C. and Garcia, C., 2018. Quantifying the dark data in museum fossil collections as palaeontology undergoes a second digital revolution. Biology letters, 14(9), p.20180431 http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/14/9/20180431 Yours, Paul H.
  15. Utah Is A Gold Mine For Fossils

    Utah Is A Gold Mine For Fossils Science Friday, September 21, 2018 https://www.sciencefriday.com/segments/utah-is-a-gold-mine-for-fossils/ https://www.sciencefriday.com/ Yours, Paul H.
  16. Hello I present an interesting question that I'm not to confident to answer myself and am seeking help from the more knowledgeable. Since it seems like (from what I had seen) iron concretions can at rare times preserve certain fossils or traces in one way or another such as molluscs, brachopods, and such. Due to this would it be possible for material such as turtle shell scutes or maybe even croc scutes to turn up in such concretions in one way or another? (the pics are just snipets of general info that I came across online)
  17. Helpful for newbies...

    Hi, I hope this is ok to post here (still getting used to the site) I'm just starting out and have stumbled across this.. it's a free pdf download for an introduction in Paleontology.. I'm finding pretty interesting and helpful. I thought it might help out others in the same boat as I am. https://www.google.co.uk/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://pages.geo.wvu.edu/~kammer/g231/JacksonTest1.pdf&ved=2ahUKEwjauJ2iyvTcAhXDCMAKHUvQBq0QFjAEegQIABAB&usg=AOvVaw1OqWyM4u6TgghOcwHsS5fH&cshid=1534525915866 If there's anything wrong with this post please let me know.
  18. Paleontology: Outrunning Time

    An interesting book chapter about the philosophy of deep time in paleontology is: Huss, J., 2017. Paleontology: Outrunning Time. In Time of Nature and the Nature of Time (pp. 211-235). Springer, Cham https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318137360_Paleontology_Outrunning_Time Yours, Paul H.
  19. International Fossil Day

    Since the US already has their "National Fossil Day", I figured it would be nice for the non-American members of TFF to see this: http://www.ipa-assoc.org/index.php/internationalfossilday What do ya people think?
  20. Arizona Paleontology Guide

    Arizona Paleontology Guide Paleontology Guides Master Index link My Favorite Paleontology Resources Guide link This is a guide to the most relevant literature, websites, photos and The Fossil Forum content relating to paleontology in Arizona. This main page is a continually updated and monitored index with links to subpages of paleontology resources. Click on links on this page to see content in the subpages. Click on link in the upper right of every subpage to go back to this main page, the index. This is a modest start for an important resource. I have more to add. Please contact me if you if you have any questions, suggestions or content that I should add. Feel free to send a link to this Guide to anyone that needs information about Arizona Paleontology. Thanks to Fruitbat, Joe, for his inspiration and many of the reference citations. Enjoy, John Arizona Paleontology Literature by Formation & Member etc. link Arizona Paleontology Literature by Geological Age link Arizona Paleontology Literature by Taxonomy link Arizona Paleontology Maps link Arizona Paleontology Photos link Arizona Paleontology Websites: General link Arizona Paleontology Websites: Museums, School Depts., Parks & Societies link
  21. Arizona Paleontology Websites

    Paleontology websites for Arizona. Click on underlined links for content. Back to main page Museums Museum of Northern Arizona link Arizona Museum of Natural History link School departments Arizona State University link Search for paleontology in search box to find paleontology faculty. Northern Arizona University link University of Arizona link Parks Petrified Forest National Park link The best fossil forest park in the world. Kohl's Ranch Naco Paleo Site link Near Payson with lots of fossils. Societies Mineralogical Society of Arizona link Great society dedicated to geology, mineralogy and paleontology of Arizona. Lots of field trips including ones for fossils. Southwest Paleontological Society link Great publications, lectures and field trips to collect mostly vertebrate fossils including dinosaurs.
  22. Spinosaurus: quadrupedal or bipedal?

    Can anyone give me an answer?
  23. Arizona Paleontology Papers

    Here is an annotated list of the best Arizona paleontology literature. Back to main page Precambrian Cambrian ISCS Field Conference (2011). Cambrian Stratigraphy and Paleontology of Northern Arizona and Southern Nevada. The 16th Field Conference of the Cambrian Stage Subdivision Working Group, International Subcommission on Cambrian Stratigraphy, Hollingsworth, J.S., F.A. Sundberg and J.R. Foster (eds.), Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 67. Devonian Huddle, J.W. and E. Dobrovolny (1952). Devonian and Mississippian Rocks of Central Arizona. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 233-D. link Great stratigraphy paper. Helps to identify several fossil bearing formations in northern Arizona. Mentions several fossil bearing areas. Hussakof, L. (1942). Fishes from the Devonian of Arizona. American Museum Novitates, Number 1186. link Mentions Mt. Eldon Fauna near Flaggstaff. Meader, N.M. (1977). Paleoecology and Paleoenvironments of the Upper Devonian Martin Formation in the Roosevelt Dam-Globe Area, Gila County, Arizona. Masters Thesis - The University of Arizona. link Mentions many fossils and severals sites where they are found. Carboniferous Dilliard, Kelly & Rigby, J.K.. (2001). The new demosponges, Chaunactis olsoni and Haplistion nacoense, and associated sponges from the Pennsylvanian Naco Formation, Central Arizona. Brigham Young University Geology Studies. 46. 1-11. link Huddle, J.W. and E. Dobrovolny (1952). Devonian and Mississippian Rocks of Central Arizona. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 233-D. link Good overview of Devonian and Mississippian rocks. Easton, W. H. and Gutschick, R. C. (1953) Corals from the Redwall Limestone (Mississippian) of Arizona. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences: Vol. 52: Iss. 1. link Quality paper for descriptions, pictures and localities of corals. Lundin, Robert F. and Colin Sumrall. (1999). Ostrocodes From The Naco Formation (Upper Carboniferous) At The Kohl Ranch Locality, Central Arizona. Journal of Paleontology. 73. 454-460. link Microfossils from classic now gone site. Irmis, R.B. and D.K. Elliott (2006). Taphonomy of a Middle Pennsylvanian Marine Vertebrate Assemblage and an Actualistic Model for Marine Abrasion of Teeth. Palaios, Vol.21. link Reid, A.M. (1968). Biostratigraphy of the Naco Formation (Pennsylvanian) of South-Central Arizona. Ph.D. Dissertation - The University of Arizona. (340 pages) link Micropaleontology only. Reid, A.M. (1966). Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Naco Formation in the Southern Dripping Springs Mountains, Near Winkelman, Gila County, Arizona. Masters Thesis - The University of Arizona. link One of best papers on Naco fossils. Lists many species and has so so photos. Permian Chronic, Halka. (1952). Molluscan fauna from the Permian Kaibab Formation, Walnut Canyon, Arizona. Geological Society of America Bulletin 63. link Very good resource for molluscs. Graham, John. (2008). Walnut Canyon National Monument Geologic Resource Evaluation Report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/GRD/NRR—2008/040 Link Mostly info on Kaibab Formation fossils. Hunt, A.P., et al. (2005). Permian Vertebrates of Arizona. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in Arizona. Heckert, A.B. and S.G. Lucas (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin Number 29. link Vertebrates are not common in the Arizona Permian. Wilt, Jan Carol, (1969) Petrology and stratigraphy of the Colina limestone (Permian) in Cochise County, Arizona U of A MS thesis link Triassic Heckert, A.B. and S.G. Lucas (2003). Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Lower Chinle Group (Adamanian: Latest Carnian) in the Vicinity of St. Johns, Arizona. In: New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau. link Heckert, A.B., S.G. Lucas and A.P. Hunt (2005). Triassic Vertebrate Fossils in Arizona. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in Arizona (Heckert, A.B. and S.G. Lucas, eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin Number 29. link Kirby, R.E. (1989). Late Triassic Vertebrate Localities of the Owl Rock Member (Chinle Formation) in the Ward Terrace Area of Northern Arizona. In: Lucas, S.G., and Hunt, A.P., eds., Dawn of the age of dinosaurs in the American southwest New Mexico Museum of Natural History Martz, J.W. and W.G. Parker (2010). Revised Lithostratigraphy of the Sonsela Member (Chinle Formation, Upper Triassic) in the Southern Part of Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona. PLoS ONE, 5(2). link Parker, W.G. (2005). Faunal Review of the Upper Triassic Chinle Formation of Arizona. In: Vertebrate Paleontology of Arizona. McCord, R.D. (ed.), Mesa Southwest Bulletin, Number 11. link Spielmann, J.A., S.G. Lucas and A.B. Heckert (2007). Tetrapod Fauna of the Upper Triassic (Revueltian) Owl Rock Formation, Chinle Group, Arizona. In: The Global Triassic. Lucas, S.G. and J.A. Spielmann (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 41. link Jurassic Irmis, R.B. (2005). A Review of the Vertebrate Fauna of the Lower Jurassic Navajo Sandstone in Arizona. In: Vertebrate Paleontology of Arizona. McCord, R.D. (ed.), Mesa Southwest Museum Bulletin Number 11. link Cretaceous Hattori, K.E. (2017). Architecture of a mid-Cretaceous patch reef: High resolution mapping provides new insight into facies geometries and ecological relationships at Paul Spur, Bisbee, Arizona. Masters Thesis - The University of Texas at Austin. link I would love to find some of the rudistid reefs. Hayes, P.T. (1970). Cretaceous Paleogeography of Southeastern Arizona and Adjacent Areas. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 658-B. link Arizona cannot compare to the fossil abundance of Texas. Lucas, S.G. and A.B. Heckert (2005). Distribution, Age and Correlation of Cretaceous Fossil Vertebrates from Arizona. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in Arizona. (Heckert, A.B. and S.G. Lucas, eds.) New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin Number 29. link Miocene Morgan, G.S. and R.S. White (2005). Miocene and Pliocene Vertebrates from Arizona. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in Arizona. (Heckert, A.B. and S.G. Lucas, eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin Number 29. link Pliocene Czaplewski, N.J. (2011). An owl-pellet accumulation of small Pliocene vertebrates from the Verde Formation, Arizona, USA. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.14, Number 3. link Without owls we would not know much about the small vertebrate of the Verde Formation. Morgan, G.S. and R.S. White (2005). Miocene and Pliocene Vertebrates from Arizona. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in Arizona. (Heckert, A.B. and S.G. Lucas, eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin Number 29. link White, R.S. and G.S. Morgan (2005). Arizona Blancan Vertebrate Faunas in Regional Perspective. In: Vertebrate Paleontology of Arizona. (McCord, R.D., ed.), Mesa Southwest Museum Bulletin Number 11. link Arizona has a rich Blancan flora. General Gidley, J.W. (1925). Fossil Proboscidea and Edentata of the San Pedro Valley, Arizona. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 140-B. link Gidley, J.W. (1922). Preliminary Report on Fossil Vertebrates of the San Pedro Valley, Arizona, With Descriptions of New Species of Rodentia and Lagomorpha. U.S. Geological Society - Shorter Contributions to General Geology. link Lindsay, E.H. (1984). Windows to the Past: Fossils of the San Pedro Valley. Fieldnotes from the Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Vol.14, Number 4. link Thrasher, L.C. Fossils of the San Simon Valley, Graham County, Arizona. U.S. Bureau of Land Management. link Twenter, F.R. New Fossil Localities in the Verde Formation, Verde Valley, Arizona. New Mexico Geological Society, Thirteenth Field Conference. link Wilt, J. and D. Schumacher (1993). Fossils of the Paleozoic Formations of Southeastern Arizona. link
  24. Best Arizona Paleontology Websites General

    Here is an annotated list of my favorite Arizona paleontology websites. Back to main page Arizona Fossil Adventures by TFF member Chris Schur. link My favorite site with lots of photos of fossils and their localities. Fruitbat's Pdf Library of Arizona paleontology literature. link Comprehensive list with links to literature available without paying or sign ups. Great resource; thanks Joe. T-Rat by Ron Ratkevich. link Great site for Arizona paleontology and archeology information. Lots of general directions to collecting sites. Southern Arizona Fossils by Walt. link Lots of photos and a few videos of mostly in situ southern Arizona fossils. Photos of Fossils by Cochise College geology instructor, Roger Weller. link Great photos of fossils, many from Arizona. Arizona Fossils and Paleontology WebRing by Jack D. Mount. link There are lots of indexes of Arizona paleontology articles from several publications. A gem. Arizona State Geological Map link The Fossil Forum Arizona Fossil Sites subsection. link
  25. How an Amateur Collector Changed Paleontology Forever To those of The Fossil Forum, I wish to share with you the story of Maiasaura peeblesorum and Marion Brandvold, both good mothers. Maiasaura was discovered forty years ago in June of 1978; this is the month and year of the Maiasaura. Marion and her son, David Trexler, found fossils fascinating long before Jurassic Park popularized dinosaurs. They would often take a vehicle out and go prospecting in their backyard geologic formation known as the Two Medicine. One hot summer evening when walking back to the vehicle, Marion took a small detour and came upon some tiny fossilized bones. In 1937, the Trexlers had opened a rock and jewelry store, and over the years had created a successful jewelry manufacturing and wholesale business along with their ranching interest. However, Marion's heart was always with the land and the animals, and when her husband passed away, she opened a retail store for her merchandise rather than try to keep up with the wholesale business. That way, she still had time for the ranching and rock hunting that she loved. Marion and David had discovered a partial dinosaur in 1971, and they traveled the State of Montana to compare it to all the wonderful previous discoveries they had read about that had been made in Montana. To their surprise, the only dinosaur on display in the entire State was in a little museum in the basement of the high school in Ekalaka, Montana. It had been assembled by a couple of ranchers who had worked with paleontologists from elsewhere who had come to the State, collected, and left. Chagrined that nothing was left behind when professional work was done, they decided to start a small museum in the back of the family store. The goal was to display a dinosaur skeleton from their local area. After all, if ranchers from Ekalaka could do it, so could they. As far as professional training was concerned, Marion had to rely on her familiarity with the ecology of the modern world, as she had no formal education on the subject. However, a ranch foreman when she was young had taught her the art of tracking, and had shown her how each organism interacted with other organisms and its environment. So, when looking for fossil skeletons, Marion expected to see very young and very old animal pieces, but not much in-between. On the fateful evening mentioned previously, Marion, Dave, and Dave's wife, Laurie, were out collecting what they believed to be a fairly complete duckbilled dinosaur skeleton. It is a long, tedious job collecting all the bones present in a dinosaur, and they had uncovered 15 or so at that point. As tools were being put away, Marion went for a little walk, and when Dave and Laurie caught up with her, she was sitting on a small mound of dirt with a big smile on her face. She said, "look what I found!" She was holding several baby dinosaur vertebrae. Within a few minutes, they had found many more, and Dave had found a piece of a jaw with obviously duckbilled dinosaur teeth attached. However, the entire jaw section could be covered by a nickel! They had a baby dinosaur to go with their adult in the museum. Bill Clemens, a mammal paleontologist from Berkely, had stopped in Marion's shop on his way to dig on fossil fish with some colleagues, and was impressed with what had been done in creating a fossil museum without any formal training. At the fish site, he encouraged Jack Horner, then a fossil preparator at Princeton, and Jack's friend Bob Makela, a high school teacher from Rudyard, Montana, to stop at Marion's shop and see the displays. A few days later, Jack and Bob left the fish site and visited Marion's rock shop and museum. Jack introduced himself to Marion, and for the next few hours, they had a wonderful time going over the specimens Marion had on display. Jack then asked if she had anything else, and she showed him a couple of the vertebrae she had picked up from the baby site. Jack's interest was immediately piqued, and he asked if she had more. Marion directed him across the street to where Dave was reassembling the baby bones they had collected. Jack realized immediately that Marion and Dave had something they didn't understand. He asked, "do you know what you have here?", and Dave replied, "Obviously not, since you are so excited." The concept of babies and old animals dying and being preserved in the fossil record, it turned out, was only partially correct. While that cycle probably did occur, baby bones were generally not preserved in the fossil record. The bones Bob and Jack were staring at turned out to be the first baby dinosaur remains known from North America. Jack asked to be allowed to borrow the fossils in order to write them up in a formal publication. The bones were carefully wrapped and placed in a coffee can, and Jack transported them to Princeton. A visit to the site was also in order, and Marion and Dave took Jack and Bob out to the site. Dave also showed Jack a poorly preserved skull that Laurie had discovered, and Jack offered to try to remove it and clean it up for display in Marion's museum. However, after a few years and the specimen was recovered and prepared, it turned out to be the type skull for Maiasaura, and Laurie donated it to Museum of the Rockies, where Jack was working by then. Baby dinosaurs together in a nest past hatching showed a totally different picture of what dinosaurs were thought to be. Jack returned for many years, and eventually the Museum of the Rockies purchased the land where the babies were discovered. The area has become a mecca for paleontological research. The discovery of all this led to a massive shift in the view paleontologist and indeed science as a whole had for extinct animals and modern reptiles. A realization occurred that dinosaurs were truly living, breathing, majestic animals who cared for their young, much like the life we often see around us today. Hungry and thirsty, often looking for a mate, just trying to stay alive in an unforgiving world were the dinosaurs. Far from terrible lizards, they were much like animals and we humans are today. All this came from Marion’s tiny little find. It was her tiny find which led to a surge of interest and public attention. It was her tiny find which started Jack Horner’s career. It was her tiny find that indirectly caused Spielberg to help create Jurassic Park which in turn inspired many into paleontology and many more into other sciences. Those she indirectly inspired have contributed a near inconceivable amount to mankind through science. They range from medical researchers curing diseases, to those looking for extraterrestrial life, and all the way down to myself. A great many started their interest in the sciences with an early love of fossils and dinosaurs. A love Marion Branvold started and continues through her past contribution. Sadly, I never had the opportunity to meet her and she passed away in 2014, at the age of 102. Over the course of my short time in paleontology, I had the honor to stand where her tiny find was made. As the search for more discoveries continues I have been privileged to search with both Jack Horner and Dave Trexler. In the great quest for knowledge, she played her part well, now it is for us to carry on with the next act. What a massive contribution from an amateur and so tiny a find. As others ogle over the next major discovery, keep all this in mind and tell us more of your own tiny find. Eric P. Made with great assistance by David Trexler
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