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Found 461 results

  1. Oddly shaped mammal bone

    A curious bone. What bone has a right angle? Calcaneum? maybe Vertebrae process. I hope other have seen these. This would seem to belong to a medium to large mammal. All suggestions appreciated!!!
  2. Equus sp. "cannon bone"

    This complete metapodial, a.k.a. cannon bone is an extremely rare find for North Carolina. Pleistocene mammals are uncommon and are mostly teeth. Being complete and undamaged it will be taking a prominent spot in my collection. The bone was found in a quarry containing mixed sediments of Pliocene Yorktown Formation, which is marine and a Pleistocene pebble lag. The odds are very very small that this would be from the Pliocene, so I am going on my gut feeling that this is from the Pleistocene. I also would like to send thanks to forum member @Fruitbat for giving me a positive I.D. on this.
  3. Barker, Chris and Nielson, R. LaRell, "Oysters and Mammoths: Fossils in Central Texas, Texas Academy of Science, 2017 Field Trip. Faculty Publications. 16. http://scholarworks.sfasu.edu/geology/16 Also, there is: Bongino, J.D., 2007. Late quaternary history of the Waco Mammoth site: environmental reconstruction and interpreting the cause of death (Doctoral dissertation). https://baylor-ir.tdl.org/baylor-ir/handle/2104/5047 Yours, Paul H.
  4. Equus Metatarsal?

    I believe this to be a horse metatarsal, most likely Equus. But am wondering since it was found in mixed Pleistocene / Pliocene sediments if it could be a Pliocene species. That is saying it is horse of course, you know Mr. Edd. It was found in a quarry in eastern NC that contains Pliocene Yorktown formation and a Pleistocene pebble lag. It was protruding from a sloped area that extended down into a shallow pit. The sediments pushed down were mixed Yorktown and the pebble lag. Mammal fossils are uncommon in North Carolina and they are usually teeth. Bones, especially complete are almost unheard of.
  5. Medial Phalanx

    5 years back, I found a small bone from a jaguar that increased my respect for small bones and started me down the identification process. It has a spot for claw retraction and overall a medial phalanx can be IDed as such. Fast forward to yesterday. I have been visiting the Peace River and connecting creeks, trying to find places to hunt without much success. DEEP, FAST, FULL of gators. But I am persistent and found access and even a few fossils: an Equus earbone, a nice hemi upper tooth and an unknown toe bone plus a smattering of other shark and Ray teeth. Now I can recognize a Medial Phalanx although it is only 1/2 the size of the Jaguar. I realize that it is Harry, Nate, and those other Florida toe bone hunters who find this interesting. But it does give me an opportunity to show off this: Small but almost perfect out of the clay layer... My 2017-2018 Season has STARTED!!!!.
  6. mammal tooth?

    This one has me stumped. I'm not sure if it's a pleistocene aged tooth from something like beaver or a rodent; or maybe even something marine like a coral. The "tubes" seem to run the entire length of it. I haven't even ruled out man made. It measures 1.5 inches x 3/8in. x 5/8in. I welcome all opinions. Thanks!
  7. A claw core

    Satisfying my fossil gene by sorting ziploc bags of old finds. When I am busy hunting (3-4 times a week) , I just dump lots of finds without looking too closely. That gives me the joy of discovery even when I can not go hunting. Here is a group photos of some small one that intrigue me. I am some what lazy and have not take small pictures of all these little one, but selected the one that seems to be a claw core. It is 1.25 x .6 inches. Hopefully others have found similar ones in the Peace River. I seems to have a denser core just sticking out in the 3rd photo down.
  8. A great paper about classic Siberian mammoth bone beds. Nikolskiy, P.A., Basilyan, A.E., Sulerzhitsky, L.D. and Pitulko, V.V., 2010. Prelude to the extinction: revision of the Achchagyi–Allaikha and Berelyokh mass accumulations of mammoth. Quaternary International, 219(1), pp.16-25. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/248478864_Prelude_to_the_extinction_Revision_of_the_Achchagyi-Allaikha_and_Berelyokh_mass_accumulations_of_mammoth https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Pavel_Nikolskiy/publications In part, the abstract reads: "The formation of the burials is a direct consequence of short but strong climatic warming (Bølling Oscillation) that resulted in many unfavorable environmental conditions. Among these, the increase of snow cover and stronger spring floods were very notable. Bølling warming is a model of the large-scale Holocene event. Mass death of mammoths during the Bølling phase was a prelude to their final extinction." Also, there is: Nikolskiy, P.A., Sulerzhitsky, L.D. and Pitulko, V.V., 2011. Last straw versus Blitzkrieg overkill: climate- driven changes in the Arctic Siberian mammoth population and the Late Pleistocene extinction problem. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30(17), pp.2309-2328. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/232391380_Last_straw_versus_Blitzkrieg_overkill_Climate-driven_changes_in_the_Arctic_Siberian_mammoth_population_and_the_Late_Pleistocene_extinction_problem https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Pavel_Nikolskiy/publications/2 Yours, Paul H.
  9. Tooth fragment? Kansas River Pleistocene

    Hello Forum! We had a fun float on the Kansas River near Lawrence this weekend. Found the normal assortment of bison and deer bones/teeth, but have one weird piece I'm struggling to ID. It's definitely enamel, even though it looks somewhat like a pectin fragment. (This is non-marine Pleistocene, so pectin is ruled out anyway.) Closest I can come to is a fragment of a root of a mammoth tooth plate. Thoughts?
  10. Ficus papyratia

    Self collected from a bucket of matrix brought home from a marl / shell pit in Columbus County NC. A very nice specimen.
  11. Small Sloth tooth

    Spending my time usefully. Sorting, collating, identifying, and throwing out or donating finds from last season so that my spouse will allow me to bring another fossil into the house when the season starts again. I tend to over collect and keep many things others would find useless, but there are always some treasures. One ziploc bag contained a bunch of small goodies, part of which are in this photo: Some I know, some I do not, but for this purpose I am interested in the small Sloth tooth: The tooth is 36 mm length, chewing surface 12.5x16.5 mm. This tooth is small for Sloth, not as small as P. garbani, but small, even for P. harlani, which is the smallest of the Florida ground sloths. In this post, @PrehistoricFlorida.identified a similar but different tooth FROM THE SAME LOCATION as a Megalonyx caniniform. Similar because the two teeth have the exact same texture change going down the side of the tooth. So, some questions. 1) Is the new tooth a Caniniform? In photo number 3 of 4, there is wear abrasion on the side of the tooth, but that may not be definitive. I am thinking it is a molariform, but updating my thoughts about side abrasions. 2) What is causing the differentiating texture rings around the top of these 2 teeth? Is this common. 3) We have 2 species of Megalonyx in Florida: M. leptostomus was about half the size of the later M. jeffersonii (Jefferson’s ground sloth). I doubt whether it is possible to differentiate teeth between them. It is great to be a fossil enthusiast. I really enjoy the detective/speculation. Jack
  12. Going to skip the trip report this time, as we ( @Ash and I) haven't found a whole lot this last trip into the Aussie Pleistocene, but what we did find are quite exciting. In particular, these three: First off is a roo tibia (Macropus or Protemnodon sp.) that appears to have been bitten by a crocodile (a small one [yes, Australia DID have small crocs back in the Pleistocene This one was more likely from a young one, though]): Next is half of a beautiful Diprotodontid molar: And my personal favorite, a Pallimnarchus sp. (Most likely P. pollens) osteoderm/scute! Beautiful blue color, and complete, to top it off! Crocodile material, as always, is generally very rare, and scutes are no exception-we average about 1 a year, to put this find into perspective: Anyways; hope you enjoy the three newest members of our collection as much as we do!
  13. large mammal bone

    I found this several months ago on the Brazos River, Texas. The articulating surface measures about 7 x 8 inches. I'm thinking it's a chunk of proboscidean pelvis. I also considered scapula, but leaning toward pelvis. Also, any way to differentiate between mammoth and mastodon? Thanks!
  14. Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach 1799)

    From the album Vertebrates (other than fish)

    16x16x8cm. Molar. Pleistocene. Found at a gravel pit in Viernheim, Hessen, Germany. Purchased at an internet auction.
  15. Small Canine

    When I was hunting 4 times a week, I would ziploc bag most small fossils without serious identification. Cleaning out after Irma, I am sorting 2014 bags. Here is a canine that I originally thought dolphin. Now I think more likely coyote or raccoon, but even unsure how I would decide .
  16. Mammoth site veteran challenges study on drought as cause of death By J.B. Smith, Waco Tribune-Herald, April 8, 2017 http://www.wacotrib.com/news/higher_education/mammoth-site-veteran-challenges-study-on-drought-as-cause-of/article_4b7849ca-35e5-502f-b89d-25e88c08c5cb.html What killed the Waco mammoths? Drought, not flood, a new study suggests By J.B. Smith, Waco Tribune-Herald, Jan. 27, 2017 http://www.wacotrib.com/news/city_of_waco/what-killed-the-waco-mammoths-drought-not-flood-a-new/article_68aec48b-cbc4-5319-aaba-0e67e06314cc.html Other web pages: Waco Mammoth Site: Visitors can walk over the largest concentration of Columbian mammoths to have died from one event. Atlas Obscura http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/waco-mammoth-site Waco Mammoth National Monument, Waco, Texas http://www.waco-texas.com/cms-waco-mammoth/page.aspx?id=174 Waco Mammoth National Monument, Waco, Texas Meet a Mammoth that isn’t Woolly https://www.nps.gov/waco/index.htm https://www.nps.gov/waco/learn/furtherreading.htm Waco Mammoth National Monument Research papers https://www.researchgate.net/project/Waco-Mammoth-National-Monument Nordt, L., Bongino, J., Forman, S., Esker, D. and Benedict, A., 2015. Late Quaternary environments of the Waco Mammoth site, Texas USA. Quaternary Research, 84(3), pp.423-438. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284095029_Late_Quaternary_environments_of_the_Waco_Mammoth_Site_Texas_USA Yours, Paul H.
  17. Thought I would share a few things that I collected during a short trip into the Waccamaw Formation in south eastern North Carolina on Saturday. We only spent about 2 and a half hours at the site but some really nice items were found. First a Melitta cf.M. aclinensis. Usually the sand dollars are found only as isolated pieces at this location, occasionally a whole one is found on matrix that is crushed and broken. However I found this complete unbroken one on matrix and another person found a complete unbroken one without matrix. I have started prepping this one out since the pic, it is coming along nicely. Another Melitta sp. I found. Cannot ID for sure as to species as it is broke, but complete and covered with matrix. Will also prep this one out as much as possible to try to ID to species. Next a block of matrix containing a rare Rhyncholampas sabistonensis echinoid. This is an irregular echinoid from the Pliocene / Pleistocene. I have found pieces of these before(and one today) but this is my first complete one. Even crushed and in poor shape I am happy with the find. Top of the matrix the echinoid itself and the bottom I am going to try and expose as much of this echinoid also. Without making it come apart. Double valve bivalves for the day .......
  18. Heyas, From the Pleistocene of Australia, this one. Is it a croc vert? I'll throw in a @tooth_claw as well, ha! Or is it a modern cow..? (Also a possibility, upon further research). Always a few melon scratchers.. Oh, and @Jesuslover340 as it is her find Cheers.
  19. Fun with Flourescence

    A couple months ago, the Mollusk Collection Manager at at the museum where I volunteer introduced me to Architectonica shells under black light. This afternoon, the two of us rummaged through the spare shell cabinet to see what else might fluoresce nicely. What's in your closet? Architectonica sp., Pliocene/Pleistocene, Florida Arcinella cornuta, Pliocene/Pleistocene, Florida Cymatosyrinx acinica, Pliocene/Pleistocene, Florida Scaphella sp., Pliocene/Pleistocene, Florida Turritella plebia, Miocene, St. Leonard, Calvert County, Maryland
  20. Is this a wolf skull?

    Hi everybody! I found this fossil online, and it the description says "wolf skull, of a young individual. Found near the remains of a mammoth" Can you tell if it is a wolf skull, and which species it is? What can you tell about the pictures?
  21. James River Weekend - VA

    Mrs. SA2, @MikeR & I guided a trip for 12 along the lower James River in Virginia this weekend. Started out with very iffy weather Saturday morning with 2 foot swells and white caps from an unfriendly westerly wind. She and I were both quite busy tending our boats even when on the beach so we didn't get many photos. Mike was busy helping the folks with IDs and stratigraphy, so he didn't get many either. There were some taken though. Later in the day we did find a very nice, large Eastover Formation slough (upper Miocene). @Fossil-Hound Mrs. SA2 said she "had the feeling" as we approached in the boats. Not to disappoint, the slough produced at least 10 Ecphora between the different members of the group, most were whole or almost whole. @Daleksec still has hold of the lucky horseshoe and found about 6 foot of whale jaw. (After initial inspections last night it appears to be 3 foot of both sides of the lower jaw / mandible. Lots of further work is required.) I will post more photos of Saturday in next couple days. Today was much nicer on the river and we hunted a section of beach with the Rushmere Member of the Yorktown Formation (Upper Pliocene) in the bottom 2 - 3 feet of the cliff. It's very shelly and it too produced large #s of Ecphora. @Fossil-Hound, I'm not exaggerating when I say the group got over 20 on the day, cause I found Mrs. SA2 7 by myself, she found a couple, @Daleksec had 4 or 5 and other members of the group had some too. Here is a photo of my 1st of today, lying there waiting to pose with 2 of @aerogrower's custom scale cube. We were testing out the metric one to make sure Ray put some magic in it. Here is a photo showing the Rushmere Member exposure at the base of the cliff. We had about 600 yards of exposure today. Paleo pick for scale. Here is a photo of my last Ecphora of the day. @Fossil-Hound, calm down. YES, it really is "that big!" @MikeR can vouch for it, he saw it and photographed it, with his brand new metric scale from @aerogrower. Obviously, I have some prep work ahead of me. Speaking of the world famous @MikeR, ladies and gentlemen - here he is coming back to the boat with his bucket of trophies after a few hours in the sun! One of the nicest, most knowledgeable guys you would ever want to meet. I'll post photos of all of Mrs. SA2'S Ecphora from the weekend, @Daleksec's jaw and his gorgeous ~2 inch hastalis with red hues in the next few days. Gorgeous tooth! Cheers, SA2
  22. Flourescent Fossil Gastropod

    From the album Fossil Flourescence

    A gastropod shell of the family Olividae viewed under natural light at left and under short-wave ultraviolet light at right.

    © c. 2017 Heather J M Siple

  23. Flourescent Fossil Olive Shell

    From the album Fossil Flourescence

    A gastropod shell of the family Olividae viewed under natural light at left and under short-wave ultraviolet light at right.

    © c. 2017 Heather J M Siple

  24. Arcinella cornuta

    From the album Fossil Flourescence

    Arcinella cornuta Pliocene/Pleistocene Florida Viewed under short-wave ultraviolet light
  25. Architectonica sp

    From the album Fossil Flourescence

    Architectonica sp Pliocene/Pleistocene Florida Viewed under short-wave ultraviolet light