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Found 43 results

  1. .These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since November 1, 2017. Class Chondrichthyes - The Cartilaginous Fishes. Elasmobranchs by Time Period Ordovician Andreev, P.S., et al. (2015). Upper Ordovician Chondrichthyan-Like Scales from North America. Palaeontology, Vol.58, Part 4. Sansom, I.J., et al. (2012). Chondrichthyan-Like Scales from the Middle Ordovician of Australia. Palaeontology, Vol.55, Part 2. Silurian Min, Z. (1998). Early Silurian Sinacanths (Chondrichthyes) from China. Palaeontology, Vol.41, Part 1. Wang, N., et al. (1998). Early Silurian Chondrichthyan Microfossils from Bachu County, Xinjiang, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 36(4). Devonian Devonian Elasmobranchs - Africa/Middle East Derycke, C. and D. Goujet (2011). Multicuspidate shark teeth associated with chondrichthyan and acanthodian scales from the Emsian (Devonian) of southern Algeria. Geodiversitas, 33(2). Hairapetian, V. and M. Ginter (2010). Pelagic chondrichthyan microremains from the Upper Devonian of the Kale Sardar section, eastern Iran. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.60, Number 3. Hairapetian, V. and M. Ginter (2009). Famennian chondrichthyan remains from the Chahriseh section, central Iran. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.59, Number 2. Hairapetian, V., M. Ginter and M. Yazdi (2008). Early Frasnian sharks from central Iran. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.58, Number 2. Devonian Elasmobranchs - Antarctica Hampe, O. and J.A. Long (1999). The histology of Middle Devonian chondrichthyan teeth from southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement Number 57. Long, J.A. and G.C. Young (1995). Sharks from the Middle-Late Devonian Aztec Siltstone, southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Records of the Western Australian Museum, 17. Young, G.C. (1982). Devonian Sharks from South-Eastern Australia and Antarctica. Palaeontology, Vol.25, Part 2. Devonian Elasmobranchs - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Ginter, M., V. Hairapetian and A. Grigoryan (2011). Chondrichthyan microfossils from the Famennian and Tournaisian of Armenia. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.61, Number 2. Devonian Elasmobranchs - Australia/New Zealand Long, J.A., et al. (2015). First Shark from the Late Devonian (Frasnian) Gogo Formation, Western Australia Sheds New Light on the Development of Tessellated Calcified Cartilage. PLoS ONE, 10(5). Roelofs, B., et al. (2016). Late Devonian and Early Carboniferous chondrichthyans from the Fairfield Group, Canning Basin, Western Australia. Palaeontologia Electronica, 19.1.4A. Young, G.C. (1982). Devonian Sharks from South-Eastern Australia and Antarctica. Palaeontology, Vol.25, Part 2. Devonian Elasmobranchs - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Ginter, M. (2002). Chondrichthyan fauna of the Frasnian-Famennian boundary beds in Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 47(2). Ginter, M. and A. Ivanov (2000). Stratigraphic distribution of chondrichthyans in the Devonian on the East European Platform margin. Cour.Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 223. Ginter, M., J.-C. Liao and J.I. Valenzuela-Rios (2008). New data on chondrichthyan microremains from the Givetian of the Renanue section in the Aragonian Pyrenees (Spain). Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.58, Number 2. Ivanov, A. (1999). Late Devonian - Early Permian chondrichthyans of the Russian Arctic. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.49, Number 3. Marss, T., A. Kleesment, and M. Niit (2008). Karksilepis parva gen. et sp. nov. (Chondrichthyes) from the Burtnieki Regional Stage, Middle Devonian of Estonia. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(4). Devonian Elasmobranchs - North America Hanke, G.E. and M.V.H. Wilson (2010). The putative stem-group chondrichthyans Kathemacanthus and Seretolepis from the Lower Devonian MOTH locality, Mackenzie Mountains, Canada. In: Morphology, Phylogeny and Paleobiogeography of Fossil Fishes. Elliott, D.K., et al. (eds.), Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Munich, Germany. Miller, R.F., R. Cloutier and S. Turner (2003). The oldest articulated chondrichthyan from the Early Devonian period. Nature (Letters). Potvin-Leduc, D., et al. (2015). Givetian (Middle Devonian) sharks from Cairo, New York (USA): Evidence of early cosmopolitanism. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 60(1). General Devonian Elasmobranchs Botella, H., P.C.J. Donoghue and C. Martínez-Pérez (2009). Enameloid microstructure in the oldest known chondrichthyan teeth. Acta Zoologica (Stockholm), 90 (Suppl. 1). Ginter, M. (2008). Devonian filter-feeding sharks. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.58, Number 2. Ginter, M. (2000). Late Famennian pelagic shark assemblages. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.50, Number 3. Ginter, M. and A. Ivanov (1992). Devonian phoebodont shark teeth. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 37(1). Maisey, J.G. (2005). Braincase of the Upper Devonian Shark Cladodoides wildungensis (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii), With Observations on the Braincase in Early Chondrichthyans. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Number 288. Carboniferous Carboniferous Elasmobranchs - Africa/Middle East Habibi, T. and M. Ginter (2011). Early Carboniferous chondrichthyans from the Mobarak Formation, Central Alborz Mountains, Iran. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.61, Number 1. Carboniferous Elasmobranchs - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Ginter, M. and Y. Sun (2007). Chondrichthyan remains from the Lower Carboniferous of Muhua, southern China.Acta Paleontologica Polonica, 52(4). Wang, N.-Z., F. Jin and W. Wang (2004). Early Carboniferous Fishes (Acanthodian, Actinopterygians and Chondrichthyes) from the East Sector of North Qilian Mountain, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 42(2). Carboniferous Elasmobranchs - Australia/New Zealand Turner, S. (1990). Early Carboniferous Shark Remains from the Rockhampton District, Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 28(1). Carboniferous Elasmobranchs - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Duffin, C.J. and A. Ivanov (2008). New chondrichthyan teeth from the Early Carboniferous of Britain and Russia. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.58, Number 2. Duffin, C.J. and D.J. Ward (1983). Neoselachian Sharks' Teeth from the Lower Carboniferous of Britian and the Lower Permian of the U.S.A.. Palaeontology, Vol.26, Part 1. Duncan, M. (2003). Early Carboniferous chondrichthyan Thrinacodus from Ireland, and a reconstruction of jaw apparatus. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 48(1). Ginter, M., et al. (2015). Late Visean pelagic chondrichthyans from northern Europe. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 60(4). Carboniferous Elasmobranchs - North America Brusatte, S.L. (2007). Pennsylvanian (Late Carboniferous) chondrichthyans from the LaSalle Limestone Member (Bond Formation) of Illinois, USA. N.Jb.Geol.Palaont.Abh., 244. Cicimurri, D.J. and M.D. Fahrenbach (2002). Chondrichthyes from the Upper Part of the Minnelusa Formation (Middle Pennsylvanian: Desmoinesean), Meade County, South Dakota. Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science, Vol.81. Elliott, D.K., et al. (2004). Chondrichthyans from the Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian) Naco Formation of Central Arizona. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24(2). Hamm, S.A. and D.J. Cicimurri (2005). Middle Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian) Chondrichthyans from the Lake Neosho Shale Member of the Altamont Limestone in Montgomery County, Kansas. Paludicola, 5(2). Carboniferous Elasmobranchs - South America/Central America/Caribbean Duffin, C.J., M. Richter and P.A. Neis (1996). Shark remains from the Late Carboniferous of the Amazon Basin, Brazil. N.Jb.Geol.Palaont. Mh., Vol.4. General Carboniferous Elasmobranchs Chorn, J. and E.A. Reavis (1978). Part 2. Affinities of the Chondrichthyan Organ-Genera Listracanthus and Petrodus. In: Fossil Fish Studies, The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 89. Permian Daymond, S.M. (1999). Gondwanodus irwinensis gen. et sp.nov., a new elasmobranch from the Early Permian (Late Sakmarian) Fossil Cliff Member of the Holmwood Shale, Perth Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australizn Museum, 19. Fischer, J., et al. (2014). Stable and radiogenic isotope analyses on shark teeth from the Early to the Middle Permian (Sakmarian - Roadian) of the southwestern USA. Historical Biology, Vol.26, Number 6. Ivanov, A.O. (2005). Early Permian Chondrichthyans of the Middle and South Urals. Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia, 8(2). Ivanov, A.O. and O.A. Lebedev (2014). Permian Chondrichthyans of the Kanin Peninsula, Russia. Paleontological Journal, Vol.48, Number 9. Koot, M.B. (2013). Effects on the Late Permian Mass Extinction on Chondrichthyan Palaeobiodiversity and Distribution Patterns. Ph.D. Thesis - Plymouth University. Leu, M.R. (1989). A Late Permian Freshwater Shark from Eastern Australia. Palaeontology, Vol.32, Part 2. Turner, S. (1990). Early Carboniferous Shark Remains from the Rockhampton District, Queensland. Mem.Qd.Mus., 28(1). Wang, N.-Z., et al. (2007). Chondrichthyan Microremains Under Permian-Triassic Boundary Both in Zhejiang and Jiangxi Provinces, China - Fifth Report on the Fish Sequence Study Near the Permian-Triassic Boundary in South China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 45(1). Yamagishi, H. and T. Fujimoto (2011). Chondrichthyan Remains from the Akasaka Limestone Formation (Middle Permian) of Gifu Prefecture, Central Japan. Bull. Kanagawa prefect.Mus. (Nat.Sci.), Number 40. Triassic Blazejowski, B. (2004). Shark teeth from the Lower Triassic of Spitsbergen and their histology. Polish Polar Research, Vol.25, Number 2. Brinkmann, W., et al. (2009). Palaeobiogeography and Stratigraphy of Advanced Gnathostomian Fishes (Chondrichthyes and Osteichthyes) in the Early Triassic and from Selected Anisian Localities (Report 1863-2009). Zbl.Geol.Palaont. Teil II, Issue 5/6. Chen, L. and G. Cuny (2003). Discovery of the Middle-Late Triassic elasmobranch ichthyoliths from the Guanling area, Guizhou, SW China. Geological Bulletin of China, Vol.22, Number 4. Cione, A.L., et al. (2002). The first shark from the Triassic-Jurassic of South America. N.Jb.Geol.Palaont. Mh., 2002(1). Cuny, G., O. Rieppel and P.M. Sander (2001). The shark fauna from the Middle Triassic (Anisian) of North-Western Nevada. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 133. Cuny, G., et al. (1998). A new neoselachian shark from the Upper Triassic of Grozon (Jura, France). Geol.Mag., 135(5). Korneisel, D., et al. (2015). Latest Triassic marine sharks and bony fishes from a bone bed preserved in a burrow system, from Devon, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 126. Mutter, R.J. and A.G. Neuman (2006). An enigmatic chondrichthyan with Paleozoic affinities from the Lower Triassic of western Canada. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 51(2). Mutter, R.J., K. De Blanger and A.G. Neuman (2007). Elasmobranchs from the Lower Triassic Sulphur Mountain Formation near Wapiti Lake (BC, Canada). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 149. Jurassic Cione, A.L., et al. (2002). The first shark from the Triassic-Jurassic of South America. N.Jb.Geol.Palaont. Mh., 2002(1). Duffin, C.J. (1983). Teeth of a New Neoselachian Shark from the British Lower Jurassic. Palaeontology, Vol.26, Part 4. Kriwet, J. (2003). Neoselachian remains (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from the Middle Jurassic of SW Germany and NW Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 48(4). Kriwet, J. (1998). Late Jurassic Elasmobranch and Actinopterygian fishes from Portugal and Spain. Cuadneros de Geologia Iberica, Number 24. Kriwet, J. and S. Klug (2004). Late Jurassic selachians (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from southern Germany: Re-evaluation on taxonomy and diversity. Zitteliana. Leuzinger, L., et al. (2015). Stable isotope study of a new chondrichthyan fauna (Kimmeridgian, Porrentruy, Swiss Jura): an unusual freshwater-influenced isotopic composition for the hybodont shark Asteracanthus. Biogeosciences, 12. Rees, J. (2000). A new Pliensbachian (Early Jurassic) neoselachian shark fauna from southern Sweden. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 45(4). Rees, J. (1998). Early Jurassic selachians from the Hasle Formation on Bornholm, Denmark. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 43(3). Thies, D. and A. Leidner (2011). Sharks and guitarfishes (Elasmobranchii) from the Late Jurassic of Europe. Palaeodiversity, 4 (124MB download) (Thanks to piranha for finding this one!) Underwood, C.J. (2006). Diversification of the Neoselachii (Chondrichthyes) during the Jurassic and Cretaceous.Paleobiology, 32(2). Underwood, C.J. (2004). Environmental controls on the distribution of neoselachian sharks and rays within the British Bathonian (Middle Jurassic). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol.203, Issues 1-2. Underwood, C.J. (2002). Sharks, Rays and a Chimaeroid from the Kimmeridgian (Late Jurassic) of Ringstead, Southern England. Palaeontology, Vol.45, Part 2. Underwood, C.J. and D.J. Ward (2004). Environmental distribution of Bathonian (Middle Jurassic) neoselachians in southern England. In: Mesozoic Fishes 3 - Systematics, Palaeoenvironments and Biodiversity, Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Munchen. Underwood, C.J. and D.J. Ward (2004). Neoselachian Sharks and Rays from the British Bathonian (Middle Jurassic). Palaeontology, Vol.47, Part 3. Cretaceous Cretaceous Elasmobranchs - Africa/Middle East Cuny, G., J.E. Martin and R. Sarr (2012). A neoselachian fauna from the Late Cretaceous of Senegal. Cretaceous Research, 34. Cuny, G., et al. (2004). Fossil sharks from the Early Cretaceous of Tunisia. Revue de Paleobiologie, Geneve, Vol. 9. Duffin, C.J. and D. Sigogneau-Russell (1993). Fossil Shark Teeth from the Early Cretaceous of Anoual, Morocco. Belgian Geological Survey, Professional Paper 264. Gajić, A., J. Hanjalić and B. Davidov (2014). Frequency, Taxonomy and Morphology of Different Shark Taxa of Lower Paleocene and Upper Cretaceous from Morocco, North Africa. Pluralidade, Vol.2, Number 3. Cretaceous Elasmobranchs - Antarctica Kriwet, J. (2003). First record of an Early Cretaceous shark (Chondrichthyes, Neoselachii) from Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 15(4). Cretaceous Elasmobranchs - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Cappetta, H., et al. (2006). A New Elasmobranch Assemblage from the Lower Cretaceous of Thailand. Palaeontology, Vol.49, Part 3. Prasad, G.V.R. and H. Cappetta (1993). Late Cretaceous Selachians from India and the Age of the Deccan Traps. Palaeontology, Vol.36, Part 1. Radwański, A. and R. Marcinowski (1996). Elasmobranch teeth from the mid-Cretaceous sequence of the Mangyshlak Mountains, Western Kazakhstan. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.46, Numbers 1-2. Cretaceous Elasmobranchs - Australia/New Zealand Rust, S. (2014). Late Cretaceous shark vertebrae (Chondrichthyes) from Koutu Boulders, Hokianga, Northland, New Zealand. Geocene, 11. Cretaceous Elasmobranchs - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Corral, J.-C., A. Barrateaga and H. Cappetta (2015). Upper Maastrichtian shallow marine environments and neoselachian assemblages in North Iberian palaeomargin (Castilian Ramp, Spain). Cretaceous Research, xxx. (Article in Press) Guinot, G. (2013). Late Cretaceous elasmobranch palaeoecology in NW Europe. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 388. Guinot, G., H. Cappetta and S. Adnet (2014). A rare elasmobranch assemblage from the Valanginian (Lower Cretaceous) of southern France. Cretaceous Research, 28. Guinot, G., et al. (2013). Sharks (Elasmobranchii: Euselachii) from the Late Cretaceous of France and the UK. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 11(6). Kriwet, J., E.V. Nunn and S. Klug (2009). Neoselachians (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from the Lower and lower Upper Cretaceous of north-eastern Spain. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 155. Kriwet, J., R. Soler-Gijon and N. Lopez-Martinez (2007). Neoselachians from the Upper Campanian and Lower Maastrichtian (Upper Cretaceous) of the Southern Pyrenees, Northern Spain. Palaeontology. Niedzwiedzki, R. and M. Kalina (2003). Late Cretaceous sharks in the Opole Silesia region (SW Poland). Geologia Sudetica, 35. Rees, J. (2005). Neoselachian Shark and Ray Teeth from the Valanginian, Lower Cretaceous, of Wawal, Central Poland. Palaeontology, Vol.48, Part 2. Soler-Gijon, R. and N. Lopez-Martinez (1998). Sharks and rays (Chondricthyes) from the Upper Cretaceous red beds of the south-central Pyrenees (Lleida, Spain): indices of an India-Eurasia connection. Trbusek, J. (1999). Upper Cretaceous Sharks and Rays from the Prokop Opencast Mine at Brezina Near Moravska Trebova. Geologica, 35. Underwood, C.J. (2004). Berremian and Aptian (Cretaceous) sharks and rays from Speeton, Yorkshire, north-east England. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 55. Underwood, C.J. and S. Mitchell. Albian and Cenomanian (Cretaceous) Selachian Faunas from North East England. Underwood, C.J. and J. Rees. Selachian Faunas from the Earliest Cretaceous Purbeck Group of Dorset, Southern England. Underwood, C.J., et al. (1999). Shark and Ray Teeth from the Hauterivian (Lower Cretaceous) of North-East England. Palaeontology, Vol.42, Part 2. Vullo, R. and D. Neraudeau (2008). When the "primitive" shark Tribodus (Hybodontiformes) meets the "modern" ray Pseudohypolophus (Rajiformes): the unique co-occurrence of these two durophagous Cretaceous selachians in Charentes (SW France). Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.58, Number 2. Vullo, R., et al. (2007). New sharks and rays from the Cenomanian and Turonian of Charentes, France. Acta Paleontologica Polonica, 52(1). Cretaceous Elasmobranchs - North America Becker, M.A., J.A. Chamberlain and G.E. Wolf (2006). Chondrichthyans from the Arkadelphia Formation (Upper Cretaceous: Upper Maastrichtian) of Hot Spring County, Arkansas. J.Paleont., 80(4). Becker, M.A., J.A. Chamberlain and D.O. Terry (2004). Chondrichthyans from the Fairpoint Member of the Fox Hills Formation (Maastrichtian), Meade County, South Dakota. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24(4). Bourdon, J., et al. (2011). Selachians from the Upper Cretaceous (Santonian) Hosta Tongue of the Point Lookout Sandstone, Central New Mexico. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 52. Case, G.R., T.T. Tokaryk and D. Baird (1990). Selachians from the Niobrara Formation of the Upper Cretaceous (Coniacian) of Carrot River, Saskatchewan, Canada. Can.J. Earth Sci., 27. Cicimurri, D.J. Cretaceous Elasmobranchs of the Greenhorn Formation (Middle Cenomanian-Middle Turonian), Western South Dakota. Bob Campbell Geology Museum. 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Strontium isotope age-dating of fossil shark tooth enameloid from the Upper Cretaceous Strata of Alabama and Mississippi, USA. Cretaceous Research, 62. Janus, T. (2009). Biodiversity and Extinction Patterns of Chondrichthyes from the Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary, Central Texas. Senior Scholars Thesis - Texas A&M University. Johnson, S.C. and S.G. Lucas (2003). Selachian Fauna from the Upper Cretaceous Dalton Sandstone, Middle Rio Puerco Valley, New Mexico. New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003. Kirkland, J.I., J.G. Eaton and D.B. Brinkman (2013). Elasmobranchs from Upper Cretaceous Freshwater Facies in Southern Utah. Indiana University Press. Lucas, S.G. and J.A. Spielmann (2009). Low Diversity Selachian Assemblage from the Upper Cretaceous Greenhorn Limestone, Socorro County, New Mexico. New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 60th Field Conference, Geology of the Chupadera Mesa Region, 2009. Lucas, S.G. and S.C. Johnson (2003). Cretaceous Invertebrate and Selachian Fossil Assemblage from the Juana Lopez Member of the Mancos Shale Near Herrera, West-Central New Mexico. New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 54th Field Conference, Geology of the Zuni Plateau, 2003. Schubert, J.A. (2013). Elasmobranch and Osteichthyan Fauna of the Rattlesnake Mountain Sandstone, Aguja Formation (Upper Cretaceous; Campanian), West Texas. Masters Thesis - Texas Tech University. Stewart, J.D. (1978). Part 3. Enterospirae (Fossil Intestines) from the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Formation of Western Kansas In: Fossil Fish Studies, University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 89. Stewart, J.D. and J.E. Martin (1993). Late Cretaceous Selachians and Associated Marine Vertebrates from the Dakota Rose Granite Quarry, Grant County, South Dakota. Proc.S.D.Acad.Sci., Vol.72. Williamson, T.E., J.I. Kirkland and S.G. Lewis (1993). Selachians from the Greenhorn Cyclothem ("Middle" Cretaceous: Cenomanian-Turonian), Black Mesa, Arizona, and the Paleogeographic Distribution of Late Cretaceous Selachians. J.Paleont., 67(3). Williamson, T.E., S.G. Lucas and R. Pence (1989). Selachians from the Hosta Tongue of the Point Lookout Sandstone (Upper Cretaceous, Santonian), Central New Mexico. New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook, 40th Field Conference, Southeastern Colorado Plateau, 1989. Williston, S.W. (1900) Selachians and Pycnodonts. In: Part II - Cretaceous Fishes. University Geological Survey of Kansas, Vol.VI. (Text Only) Williston, S.W. (1900) Selachians and Pycnodonts. In: Part II - Cretaceous Fishes. University Geological Survey of Kansas, Vol.VI. (Plates) Wohlberg, D.L. (1985). Selachians from the Late Cretaceous (Turonian) Atarque Sandstone Member, Tres Hermanos Formation, Seviletta Grant, Socorro County, New Mexico. New Mexico Geology, Vol.7, Number 1. Cretaceous Elasmobranchs - South America/Central America/Caribbean Otero, R.A., et al. (2013). Neoselachians and Chimaeriformes (Chondrichtyes) from the latest Cretaceous-Paleogene of Sierra Baguales, southernmost Chile. Chronostratigraphic, paleobiogeographic and paleoenvironmental implications. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 48. Pereira, A.A. and M.A. Medeiros (2008). A New Sclerorhynchiform (Elasmobranchii) from the Middle Cretaceous of Brazil. Rev. bras. paleontol., 11(3). General Cretaceous Elasmobranchs Kriwet, J. and M.J. Benton (2004). Neoselachian (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) diversity across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology and Palaeoecology, 214. Paleocene Adolfssen, J.S. and D.J. Ward (2015). Neoselachians from the Danian (early Paleocene) of Denmark. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 60(2). Gajić, A., J. Hanjalić and B. Davidov (2014). Frequency, Taxonomy and Morphology of Different Shark Taxa of Lower Paleocene and Upper Cretaceous from Morocco, North Africa. Pluralidade, Vol.2, Number 3. Eocene Eocene Elasmobranchs - Africa/Middle East Mustafa, H.A., et al. (2005). Review of the Middle Eocene (Lutetian) selachian fauna of Jebal eth Thuleithuwat, east Jordan. N.Jb.Geol.Palaont. Abh., 237(3). Underwood, C.J., et al. (2010). Shark and ray faunas in the Middle and Late Eocene of the Fayum Area, Egypt. Proceedings of the Geologist's Association, Article in Press. Wallett, L.A. (2006). Eocene Selachian Fauna from Nearshore Marine Deposits, Ampazony, Northwestern Madagascar. B.A. Paper, Mount Holyoke College. Zalmout, I.S.A., et al. (2012). Priabonian Sharks and Rays (Late Eocene, Neoselachii) from Minqar Tabaghbagh in the Western Qattara Depression, Egypt. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, Vol.32, Number 6. Eocene Elasmobranchs - Antarctica Kriwet, J. (2005). Additions to the Eocene Selachian Fauna of Antarctica With Comments on Antarctic Selachian Diversity. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25(1). Kriwet, J., et al. (2016). Ultimate Eocene (Priabonian) Chondrichtyans (Holocephali, Elasmobranchii) of Antarctica. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, e1160911. Long, D.J. (1992). Paleoecology of Eocene Antarctic Sharks. In: The Antarctic Paleoenvironment: A Perspective on Global Change. Antarctic Research Series, Vol.56. Long, D.J. (1992). Sharks from the La Meseta Formation (Eocene), Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 12(1). Welton, B.J. and W.J. Zinsmeister (1980). Eocene Neoselachians from the La Meseta Formation, Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Number 329. Eocene Elasmobranchs - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Case, G.R., et al. (1996). A Middle Eocene Selachian Fauna from the White Mountain Formation of the Kizylkum Desert, Uzbekistan, C.I.S. Palaeontographica, Abt.A, 242. Lucas, S.G., R.J. Emry and R.W. Purdy (1996). Marine Fossil Shark (Chondrichthyes) from Nonmarine Eocene Sediments, Northeast Kazakhstan. Proceedings of The Biological Society of Washington, 109. Malyshkina, T. and D.J. Ward (2016). The Turanian Basin in the Eocene: New Data on the Sharks and Rays from the Kyzylkum Desert (Uzbekistan). Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS, Vol.320, Number 1. Pelc, A., S. Halas and R. Niedźwiedzki (2011). Oxygen isotope analysis of shark teeth phosphates from Bartonian (Eocene) deposits in Mangyshlak peninsula, Kazakhstan. Mineralogia, Vol.42, Number 1. Rana, R.S., et al. (2006). Selachians from the Early Eocene Kapurdi Formation (Fuller's Earth), Barmer District, Rajasthan. Journal Geological Society of India, Vol.67. Eocene Elasmobranchs - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Adnet, S., H. Cappetta, and J. Reynders (2008). Contributions of Eocene sharks and rays from southern France to the history of deep-sea selachians. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.57, Number 2. Bor, T.J. (1985). Elasmobranch Teeth (Vertebrata, Pisces) from the Dongen Formation (Eocene) in the Netherlands. Meded.Werkgr.Tert.Kwart.Geol., 22(2). Carlsen, A.W. and G. Cuny (2014). A study of the sharks and rays from the Lillebaelt Clay (Early-Middle Eocene) of Denmark, and their palaeoecology. Bulletin of the Geological Society Denmark, Vol.62. Diedrich, C.G. (2012). Eocene (Lutetian) Shark-Rich Coastal Paleoenvironments of the Southern North Sea in Europe: Biodiversity of the Marine Furstenau Formation Including Early White and Megatooth Sharks. International Journal of Oceanography, Vol.2012, Article ID 565326. (10.5MB download) Diedrich, C.G. and H. Felker (2012). Middle Eocene Shark Coprolites from Shallow Marine and Deltaic Coasts of the Pre-North Sea Basin in Central Europe. In: Vertebrate Coprolites. Hunt, et al. (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 57. Iserbyt, A. and P.J. De Schutter (2012). Quantitative analysis of Elasmobranch assemblages from two successive Ypresnian (early Eocene) facies at Marke, western Belgium. Geologica Belgica, 15/3. Malyshkina, T.P., G. Gonzalez-Barba and A.F. Bannikov (2013). Records of Elasmobranchian Teeth in the Bartonian of the Northern Caucasus (Russia) and Crimea (Ukraine). Paleontological Journal, Vol.47, Number 1. Eocene Elasmobranchs - North America Case, G.R., T.D. Cook and M.V.H. Wilson (2015). A new elasmobranch assemblage from the early Eocene (Ypresian) Fishburne Formation of Berkeley County, South Carolina, USA. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, Draft Copy. Maisch, H.M., et al. (2014). Chondrichthyans from the Tallahatta-Lisbon Formation Contact (Middle Eocene), Choctaw County, Alabama. Paludicola, 9(4). Parmley, D. and D.J. Cicimurri (2003). Late Eocene Sharks of the Hardie Mine Local Fauna of Wilkinson County, Georgia. In: Georgia Journal of Science, Vol.61, Number 3. Eocene Elasmobranchs - South America/Central America/Caribbean Ferrusquia-Villafranca, I., S.P. Applegate and L. Espinosa-Arrubarrena (1999). First Paleogene Selachifauna of the Middle American-Caribbean-Antillean Region, La Mesa De Copoya, West-Central Chiapas, Mexico - Systematics and Paleontological Significance. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, Vol.16, Number 2. Otero, R.A. and S. Soto-Acuna (2015). New chondrichthyans from Bartonian-Priabonian levels of Rio de Las Minas and Sierra Dorotea, Magallanes Basin, Chilean Patagonia. Andean Geology, 42(2). Oligocene Bienkowska-Wasiluk, M. and A. Radwanski (2009). A new occurrence of sharks in the Menilite Formation (Lower Oligocene) from the Outer (Flysch) Carpathians of Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.59, Number 2. Cicimurri, J.D. and J.L. Knight (2009). Late Oligocene sharks and rays from the Chandler Bridge Formation, Dorchester County, South Carolina, USA. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 54(4). Szabo, M. and L. Kocsis (2016). A preliminary report on the Early Oligocene (Rupelian, Kiscellian) selachians from the Kiscell Formation (Buda Mts., Hungary), with the rediscovery of Wilhelm Weiler's shark teeth. Fragmenta Palaeontologica Hungarica, Vol.33. Van Vliet, H., et al. (2017). A new Oligocene site with terrestrial mammals and a selachian fauna from Minqar Tibaghbagh, the Western Desert of Egypt. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 62(3). Miocene Miocene Elasmobranchs - Africa/Middle East Andrianavalona, T.H., et al. (2015). Miocene Shark and Batoid Fauna from Nosy Makamby (Mahajanga Basin, Northwestern Madagascar). PLoS ONE, 10(6). Govender, R. (2015). Shark-Cetacean trophic interaction, Duinefontein, Koeberg (5 Ma), South Africa. S.Afr.J.Sci., 111(11-12). Miocene Elasmobranchs - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Bhalla, S.N. and P. Dev (1972). A Preliminary Note on Miocene Elasmobranchs from Orissa. Geological Society of India. Mondal, S., et al. (2009). Miocene Shark Teeth Assemblages and Ancillary Fish Taxa from Baripada, Orissa: Taxonomic Revision and a Global Palaeobiogeographic Overview. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India, 54(2). Ralte, V.Z., et al. (2011). Selachian Fishes from Bhuban Formation, Surma Group, Aizawl, Mizoram. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 77(4). Tewari, B.S. (1959). On a Few Fossil Shark Teeth from the Miocene Beds of Kutch, Western India. Proc.Nat.Inst.Sci.India, Vol.25 B. Yabe, H. and R. Hirayama (1998). Selachian Fauna from the Upper Miocene Senhata Formation, Boso Peninsula, Central Japan. Nat.Hist.Res., Special Issue Number 5. Miocene Elasmobranchs - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Avila, S.P., R. Ramalho and R. Vullo (2012). Systematics, palaeoecology, and palaeobiogeography of the Neogene fossil sharks from the Azores (Northeast Atlantic). Annales de Paleontologie, xxx. (Article in press) Cappetta, H. (1970). Selachians of the Miocene of the Montpellier Region. Palaeovertebrata, 1970. (Plates not included) Holec, P, M. Hornacek and M. Sykora (1995). Lower Miocene Shark (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) and Whale Faunas (Mammalia, Cetacea) near Mucin, Southern Slovakia. Geologicke prace. Spravy 100. Kocsis, L. (2007). Central Paratethyan shark fauna (Ipolytarnoc, Hungary). Geologica Carpathica, 58(1). Martinez-Perez, C., et al. (2017). A Serravallian (Middle Miocene) shark fauna from Southeastern Spain and its palaeoenvironment significance. Historical Biology. Pollerspock, J. and N. Straube (2017). A new deep-sea elasmobranch fauna from the Central Paratethys (Neuhofener Beds, Mitterdorf, near Passau, Germany, Early Miocene, Middle Burdigalian). Zitteliana, 90. Radwanski, A. (1965). A Contribution to the Knowledge of Miocene Elasmobranchii from Pinczow (Poland). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, Vol.X, Number 2. Szabo, M. and L. Kocsis (2016). A new Middle Miocene selachian assemblage (Chondrichtyes, Elasmobranchii) from the Central Tethys (Nyirad, Hungary): implications for temporal turnover and biogeography. Geologica Carpathica, 67, 6. Underwood, C.J. and J. Schlogel (2013). Deep-water chondrichthyans from the Early Miocene of the Vienna Basin, (Central Paratethys, Slovakia). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 58(3). Vialle, N., S. Adnet and H. Cappetta (2011). A new shark and ray fauna from the Middle Miocene of Mazan, Vaucluse (southern France) and its importance in interpreting the paleoenvironment of marine deposits in the southern Rhodanian Basin. Swiss J.Paleontol., 130. Ward, D.J. and C.G. Bonavia (2001). Additions to, and a Review of, the Miocene Shark and Ray Fauna of Malta. The Central Mediterranean Naturalist, 3(3). Miocene Elasmobranchs - North America Jordan, D.S. (1926). New Sharks from the Temblor Group in Kern County, California Collected by Charles Morrice. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Fourth Series, Vol.XV, Number 8. Miocene Elasmobranchs - South America/Central America/Caribbean Aguilera, O., et al. (2017). Neogene sharks and rays from the Brazilian 'Blue Amazon'. PLoS ONE, 12(8). Carrillo-Briceño, J.D., et al. (2016). A New Early Miocene (Aquitanian) Elasmobranchii Assemblage from the La Guajira Peninsula, Colombia. Ameghiniana, 53(2). Carrillo-Briceño, J.D., et al. (2016). An Early Neogene Elasmobranch fauna from the southern Caribbean (Venezuela). Palaeontologia Electronica, 19.2.27A. Carrillo-Briceño, J.D., et al. (2015). A new Late Miocene chondrichthyan assemblage from the Chagres Formation, Panama. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 60. Carrillo-Briceño, J.D., et al. (2015). Sawfishes and Other Elasmobranch Assemblages from the Mio-Pliocene of the South Caribbean (Urumaco Sequence, Northwestern Venezuela). PLoS ONE, 10(10). Costa, S.A.R.F., et al. (2009). Shark teeth from the Pirabas Formation (Lower Miocene), northeastern Amazonia, Brazil. Bol.Mus.Para.Emilio Goeldi, Cienc.Nat. Belém, Vol.4, Number 3. dos Reis, M.A.F. (2005). Chondrichthyan Fauna from the Pirabas Formation, Miocene of North Brazil, with Comments Con Paleobiogeography. Anuario de Instituto de Geosciencias-UFRJ, 28(2). Perez, V.J., et al. (2017). Late Miocene chondrichthyans from Lago Bayano, Panama: Functional diversity, environment and biogeography. Journal of Paleontology. Pimiento, C., et al. (2013). Early Miocene chondrichthyans from the Culebra Formation, Panama: A window into marine vertebrate faunas before closure the Central American Seaway. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 42. Pimiento, C., et al. (2013). Sharks and Rays (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from the Late Miocene Gatun Formation of Panama. Journal of Paleontology, 87(5). Portell, R.W., et al. (2008). Miocene sharks in the Kendeace and Grand Bay formations of Carriacou, The Grenadines, Lesser Antilles. Caribbean Journal of Science, Vol.44, Number 3. Staig, F., et al. (2015). Late Neogene Elasmobranch Fauna from the Coquimbo Formation, Chile. Rev.bras.paleontol., 18(2). Suarez, M.E., A. Encinas and D. Ward (2006). An Early Miocene elasmobranch fauna from the Navidad Formation, Central Chile, South America. Cainozoic Research, 4(1-2). Underwood, C.J. and S.F. Mitchell (2004). Sharks, Bony Fishes and Endodental Borings from the Miocene Montpelier Formation (White Limestone Group) of Jamaica. Cainozoic Research, Vol.3. Pliocene Avila, S.P., R. Ramalho and R. Vullo (2012). Systematics, palaeoecology, and palaeobiogeography of the Neogene fossil sharks from the Azores (Northeast Atlantic). Annales de Paleontologie, xxx. (Article in press) Boessenecker, R.W. (2011). A New Marine Vertebrate Assemblage from the Late Neogene Purisima Formation in Central California, Part I: Fossil Sharks, Bony Fish, Birds, and Implications for the Age of the Purisima Formation West of the San Gregorio Fault. PalArch's Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 8(4). (Thanks to Boesse for pointing me to this one!) Marsili, S. (2008). Systematic, Paleoecologic and Paleobiogeographic Analysis of the Plio-Pleistocene Mediterranean Elasmobranch Fauna. Atti Soc.tosc.Sci.nat., Mem., Serie A, 113. Marsili, S. (2007). Pliocene Elasmobranchs in the Collection of the "Museo Civico Guiseppe Scarabelli" of Imola. Quaderno di Studi e Notizie di Storia Naturale della Romagna, 24. Pleistocene Marsili, S. (2007). A new bathyal shark fauna from the Pleistocene sediments of Fiumefreddo (Sicily, Italy). Geodiversitas, 29(2). General Elasmobranchs General Elasmobranchs - Africa/Middle East Gajic, A., J. Hanjalic and B. Davidov (2014). Frequency, Taxonomy and Morphology of Different Shark Taxa of Lower Paleogene and Upper Cretaceous from Morocco, North Africa. General Elasmobranchs - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Cuny, G., et al. (2007). The Mesozoic Fossil Record of Sharks in Thailand. GEOTHAI'07 International Conference of Geology of Thailand: Towards Sustainable Development and Sufficiency Economy. General Elasmobranchs - Australa/New Zealand Pledge, N.S. (1992). Fossil shark teeth dredged from the Great Australian Bight. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, 13. Pledge, N.S. (1967). Fossil Elasmobranch Teeth of South Australia and Their Stratigraphic Distribution. Transactions of the Royal Society of of South Australia, 91. Pledge, N.S., et al. (2015). Fossil shark teeth from upland Fleurieu Peninsula, South Australia: evidence for previously unknown Tertiary marine sediments. MESA Journal 76, Issue 1. General Elasmobranchs - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Cuny, G. and M.J. Benton (1999). Early Radiation of the Neoselachian Sharks in Western Europe. Geobios, 32(2). Cusumano, A. and C. Di Patti (2006). Sicilian Cenozoic sharks from the collections the G.G. Gemmellaro Museum. Quaderni del Museo Geologico Gemmellaro, Vol.9. Kocsis, L. (2007). Central Paratethyan shark fauna (Ipolytarnoc, Hungary). Geologica Carpathia, 58(1). Underwood, C.J. (2003). Environmental controls on the distribution of neoselachian sharks and rays within the British Bathonian (Middle Jurassic). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol.203, Issues 1-2. General Elasmobranchs - North America Gibbes, R.W. (1848). Monograph of the Fossil Squalidae of the United States. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, of Philadelphia. Lauginiger, E.M. and E.F. Hartstein (1983). A Guide to Fossil Sharks, Skates and Rays from the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal Area, Delaware. Delaware Geological Society, Open File Report Number 21. Leriche, M. (1908). Observations on the Neogene Sharks of California. Annales da la Societe Geologique du Nord, 37. (Plates not included) Lowery, D., S.J. Godfrey and R. Eshelman (2011). Integrated Geology, Paleontology, and Archaeology: Native American Use of Fossil Shark Teeth in the Chesapeake Bay Region. Archaeology of Eastern North America, 39. Mollen, F.H. and J.W.M. Jagt (2012). The taxonomic value of rostral nodes of extinct sharks, with comments on previous records of the genus Lamna (Lamniformes, Lamnidae) from the Pliocene of Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina (USA). Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.62, Number 1. Tessman, N. (1966). Cenozoic Sharks of Florida. The Plaster Jacket, Number 1. (Thanks to Nimravus for pointing me to this one!) Welton, B.J. (1972). Fossil Sharks in Oregon. The Ore Bin, Vol.34, Number 10. Zidek, J. (1976). Oklahoma Paleoichthyology Part V: Chondrichthyes. Oklahoma Geology Notes, Vol.36, Number 5. General Elasmobranchs - South America/Central America/Caribbean Carillo-Briceño, J.D., O.A. Aguilera and F. Rodriguez (2014). Fossil Chondrichthyes from the central eastern Pacific Ocean and their paleoceanographic significance. Journal of South American Earth Science, 51. Carillo-Briceño, J.D., et al. (2016). An Early Neogene Elasmobranch fauna from the southern Caribbean (Western Venezuela). Palaeontologia Electronica, 19.2.27A. Donovan, S.K. and G.C. Gunter (2001). Fossil Sharks from Jamaica. Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil Museum, number 28. Ferrusquia-Villafranca, I., S.P. Applegate and L. Espinosa-Arrubarrena (2000). First Paleogene Selachifauna of the Middle American-Caribbean-Antilles Region, La Mesa De Copoya, West-Central Chiapas - Geologic Setting. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, Vol.17, Number 1. Ferrusquia-Villafranca, I., S.P. Applegate, and L. Espinosa-Arrubarrena (1999). First Paleogene Selachifauna of the Middle American-Caribbean-Antillean Region, La Mesa De Copoya, West-Central Chiapas, Mexico - Systematics and Paleontological Significance. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, Vol.16, Number 2. Iturralde-Venent, M., et al. (1996). Catalog of Cuban Fossil Elasmobranchii (Paleocene-Pliocene) and Paleooceanographic Implications of their Lower--Middle Miocene Occurrence. Boletin de la Sociedad Jamaicana de Geologia, Vol. 31. General Elasmobranchs Andreev, P. and N. Motchurova-Dekova (2010). Checklist of the Fossil Shark and Bony Fish Teeth (Elasmobranchii and Actinopterygii) Housed at the National Museum of Natural History, Sofia. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, 3. Becker, M.A., J.A. Chamberlain and P.W. Stoffer (2000). Pathologic tooth deformities in modern and fossil chondrichthians: a consequence of feeding-related injury. Lethaia, Vol.33. Botella, H., P.C.J. Donoghue and C. Martinez-Perez (2009). Enameloid microstructure in the oldest known chondrichthyan teeth. Acta Zoologica (Stockholm), 90 (Suppl.1). Botella, H., J.I. Valenzuela-Rios and C. Martinez-Perez (2009). Tooth replacement rates in early chondrichthyans: a qualitative approach. Lethaia, Vol.42. Cappetta, H. (1987). Extinctions and faunal renewals among post-Jurassic selachians. Mem.Soc.geol. France,N.S., Number 150. Cuny, G. (1998). Primitive Neoselachian Sharks: A Survey. Oryctos, Vol.1. Eastman, C.R. (1903). V. Sharks' Teeth and Cetacean Bones from the Red Clay of the Tropical Pacific. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, Vol.XXVI, Number 4. Enault, S., et al. (2015). Chondrichtyan tooth enameloid: past, present, and future. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 174. Fischer, J., et al. (2013). Oxygen and strontium isotopes from fossil shark teeth: Environmental and ecological implications for Late Palaeozoic European basins. Chemical Geology, 342. Gillis, J.A. and P.C.J. Donoghue (2007). The Homology and Phylogeny of Chondrichthyan Tooth Enameloid. Journal of Morphology, 268. Gillis, J.A., et al. (2011). Holocephalan embryos provide evidence for gill arch appendage reduction and opercular evolution in cartilaginous fishes. PNAS, Vol.108, Number 4. Gudger, E.W. (1937). Abnormal Dentition in Sharks, Selachii. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Vol.LXXIII, Article II. Guinot, G., S. Adnet and H. Cappetta (2012). An Analytical Approach for Estimating Fossil Record and Diversification Events in Sharks, Skates and Rays. PLoS ONE, 7(9). Herman, J. and H. Van Waes (eds.)(1993). Elasmobranches Et Stratigraphie. Service Geologique de Belgique, Professional Paper 1993/6, Number 264. (Most articles in English) (272 pages) New Record of the phoebodontid chondrichthyan Thrinacodus ferox (Turner, 1982) from the Carboniferous of England. Late Triassic sharks teeth (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from Saint-Nicolas-de-Port (north-east France). The age of the Upper Triassic vertebrate fauna from Attert (Province of Luxembourg, Belgium). Teeth of Hybodus (Selachii) from the Early Jurassic of Lyme Regis, Dorset (southern England): preliminary note. Chondrichtyens du Sinémurien de Belgique. New Evidence of Annea and Jurobatos, two rare neoselachians (Pisces, Chondrichthyes) from the Jurassic of Europe. Découverte de Parasymbolus gen. et sp.nov. (Scyliorhinidae - Elasmobranchii) dans le Kimméridgian de Normandie, France. The palaeospinacid shark "Synechodus" jurensis Schweitzer, 1964 from the Late Jurassic of Germany. Fossil Shark Teeth from the Early Cretaceous of Anoual, Morocco. Les Elasmobranches de l'Albien inférieur et moyen (Crétacé inférieur) de la Marne et de la Haute-Marne (France). The vascularization system in teeth of Selachii. Janvier, P. and A. Pradel (2016). 1. Elasmobranchs and Their Extinct Relatives: Diversity, Relationships and Adaptations Through Time. In: Physiology of Elasmobranch Fishes: Structure and Interaction With the Environment. Fish Physiology, Vol.34A. Kiso, T.M. (1995). 992. Organic components in enameloid of extant and fossil shark teeth. Trans.Proc.Palaeont.Soc. Japan, N.S., Number 179. Kriwet, J., W. Kiessling, and S. Klug (2009). Diversification trajectories and evolutionary life-history traits in early sharks and batoids. Proc.R.Soc. B, 276. Leriche, M. (1936). Upon the importance of the Fossil Sharks in the establishment of the Isochronisms of Formations at Great Distances and Upon the Stratigraphic and Geographic Distribution of Some Tertiary Species. Memoire du Musee Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique, 2(3). Lowry, D., et al. (2009). Determining shark size from forensic analysis of bite damage. Mar.Biol., 156. Maisey, J.G. (2013). The diversity of tessellated calcification in modern and extinct chondrichthyans. Revue de Paléobiologie, Genève, 32(2). Maisey, J.G. (1985) . Cranial Morphology of the Fossil Elasmobranch Synechodus dubrisiensis. American Museum Novitates, Number 2804. Martin, A.P. (1995). Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Evolution in Sharks: Rates, Patterns, and Phylogenetic Inferences. Mol.Biol.Evol., 12(6). Martin, J.E., et al. (2015). Calcium isotopes reveal the trophic position of extant and fossil elasmobranchs. Chemical Geology, 415. Motta, P.J. and C.D. Wilga (2001). Advances in the study of feeding behaviors, mechanisms and mechanics of sharks. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 60. Musick, J.A. and J.K. Ellis. Chapter 3 - Reproductive Evolution of Chondrichthyans. In: Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Chondrichthyes. Naylor, G.J.P., et al. Chapter 1 - Phylogenetic Relationships among the Major Lineages of Modern Elasmobranchs. In: Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Chondrichthyes. Pilgrim, B.L. and T.A. Franz-Odendaal (2009). A comparative study of the ocular skeleton of fossil and modern chondrichthyans. Journal of Anatomy, 214. Purdy, R.W. (2006). A Key to the Common Genera of Neogene Shark Teeth. Rothschild, B.M., et al. (2005). Sharks eating mosasaurs, dead or alive? Netherlands Journal of Geosciences, 84(3). Schaeffer, B. and M. Williams (1977). Relationships of Fossil and Living Elasmobranchs. Amer.Zool., 17. Shirai, S. (1996). Chapter 2. Phylogenetic Interrelationships of Neoselachians (Chondrichthyes: Euselachii). In: Interrelationships of Fishes, Academic Press, Inc. Treude, T., et al. (2011). Elasmobranch egg capsules associated with modern and ancient cold seeps: a nursery for marine deep-water predators. Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol.437. Underwood, C., D. Ward and G. Guinot (2015). Development of understanding of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic chondrichthyan fossil record. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 430. White, E.G. (1936). Some Transitional Elasmobranchs Connecting the Catuloidea with the Carcharinoidea. American Museum Novitates, Number 879. White, E.G. (1936). A Classification and Phylogeny of Elasmobranch Fishes. American Museum Novitates, Number 837. Whitenack, L.B., D.C. Simkins and P.J. Motta (2011). Biology Meets Engineering: The Structural Mechanics of Fossil and Extant Shark Teeth. Journal of Morphology, 272. Winchell, C.J., A.P. Martin and J. Mallatt (2004). Phylogeny of elasmobranchs based on LSU and SSU ribosomal RNA genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 31.
  2. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since October 9, 2017. Class Chondrichthyes - The Cartilaginous Fishes Subclass Elasmobranchii Infraclass Euselachii (Sharks and Rays) Division Neoselachii Superorder Batoidea - Rays, Skates and Sawfishes Order Myliobatiformes - Rays Myliobatiformes - Africa/Middle East Cappetta, H. (1984). Discovery of the Genus Gymnura (Batomorphii, Myliobatiformes) in the Thanetian of the Ouled Abdoun, Morocco. Observations on the Dentition of some Modern Species. Geobios, 17. (Plates not included) Claeson, K.M., C.J. Underwood and D.J. Ward (2013). Ɨ Tingitanius tenuimandibulus, a New Platyrhinid Batoid from the Turonian (Cretaceous) of Morocco and the Cretaceous Radiation of the Platyrhinidae. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 33(5). Claeson, K.M., et al. (2010). First Mesozoic record of the stingray Myliobatis wurnoensis from the late Cretaceous of Mali and a phylogenetic study of Myliobatidae (Batoidea) incorporating dental characters. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 55(4). Myliobatiformes - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Adnet, S., et al. (2008). First myliobatiform teeth (Elasmobranchii, Neoselachii) from the Pondaung Formation (late middle Eocene) of Central Myanmar. N.Jb.Geol.Palaont. Abh., Vol.247/3. Hatai, K. M. Murata and K. Masuda (1965). 485. Sting Ray and Eagle Ray from the Tatsunokuchi Formation (Pliocene) in Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. Trans.Proc.Palaeont.Soc. Japan, N.S., Number 57. Mishra, V.P. (1980). A New Species of Myliobatis and Some Shark Teeth from the Middle Eocene of Kutch, Western India. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India, Vols. 23 & 24. Myliobatiformes - Australia/New Zealand Myliobatiformes - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Antunes, M.T. and A.C. Balbino (2006). Latest Miocene Myliobatids (Batoidea, Selachii) from the Alvalade Basin, Portugal. Cainozoic Research, 4(1-2). Bor, T.J. (1990). A New Species of Mobulid Ray (Elasmobranchii, Mobulidae) from the Oligocene of Belgium. Contr. Tert. Quatern. Geol., 27(2-3). Hovestadt, D. and M. Hovestadt-Euler (2010). Urobatis molleni Nov.Sp. (Chondrichthyes, Myliobatiformes, Urolophidae) in the Eocene of Belgium. Geominpal Belgica, 1(3). Myliobatiformes - North America Cicimurri, D.J. (2010). On the dentition of Meridiana convexa Case (Myliobatoidea), an extinct Early Eocene ray from the United States. Cainozoic Research, 7(1-2). Cicimurri, D.J. and J.A. Ebersole (2015). Two new species of Pseudaetobatus Capetta, 1986 (Batoidei, Myliobatidae) from the southeastern United States. Palaeontologia Electronica, 18.1.15A. Cook, T.D., et al. (2014). A New Genus and Species of Freshwater Stingray (Myliobatiformes, Dasyatoidea) from the Latest Middle Eocene of Utah, U.S.A. Journal of Paleontology, 88(3). De Carvalho, M.R., J.G. Maisey and L. Grande (2004). Freshwater Stingrays of the Green River Formation of Wyoming (Early Eocene), With the Description of a New Genus and Species and an Analysis of Its Phylogenetic Relationships (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Number 284. de Santana, F.R., D.J. Cicimurri and J.A. Barbosa (2011). New Material of Apocopodon sericeus Cope, 1886 (Myliobatiformes, Myliobatidae) from the Paraiba Basin (Northeastern Brazil) and South Carolina (USA) With a Reanalysis of the Species. PalArch's Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 8(6). McNulty, C.L. (1964). Hypolophid Teeth from the Woodbine Formation, Tarrant County, Texas. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae, 57(2). Myliobatiformes - South America/Central America/Caribbean Adnet, S., R.S. Gismondi and P.-O. Antoine (2013). Comparisons of dental morphology in river stingrays (Chondrichthyes: Potamotrygonidae) with new fossils from the middle Eocene of Peruvian Amazonia rekindle debate on their evolution. Naturwissenschaften. Cione, A.L., M. Tejedor and F.J. Goin (2012). A new species of the rare batomorph genus Hypolophodon (? latest Cretaceous to earliest Paleocene, Argentina). N.Jb.Geol.Palaont. Abh., 267/1. de Santana, F.R., D.J. Cicimurri and J.A. Barbosa (2011). New Material of Apocopodon sericeus Cope, 1886 (Myliobatiformes, Myliobatidae) from the Paraiba Basin (Northeastern Brazil) and South Carolina (USA) With a Reanalysis of the Species. PalArch's Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 8(6). General Myliobatiformes Bertozzi, T., M.S.Y. Lee and S.C. Donnellan (2016). Stingray diversification across the end-Cretaceous extinctions. Memoirs of Museum Victoria, 74. Order Rajiformes - Skates De Carvalho, M.R. (2004). A Late Cretaceous thornback ray from southern Italy, with a phylogenetic reappraisal of the Platyrhinidae (Chondrichthys: Batoidea).In: Mesozoic Fishes 3 - Systematics, Paleoenvironments and Biodiversity. Arratia, G. and A. Tintori, eds. Herman, J., et al. (1994). Part B: Batomorphii No.1A: Order Rajiformes - Suborder Rajoidei- Family: Rajidae. In: Contributions to the comparative morphology of teeth and other ichthyodorulites in living supra-specific taxa of Chondrichthyan fishes. Stehmann, M. (ed.), Bulletin De L'Institut Royal Des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie 64. (Note: While this article deals with living types of rays, it contains excellent references to ray tooth morphology and has a large number of pictures of ray teeth for comparative purposes! Thanks to doushantuo for pointing this one out!) Long, D.J. (1994). Quaternary colonization of Paleogene persistence?: historical biogeography of skates (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae) in the Antarctic ichthyofauna. Paleobiology, 20(2). Siverson, M. and H. Cappetta (2001). A Skate in the Lowermost Maastrichtian of Southern Sweden. Palaeontology, Vol.44, Part 3. Vullo, R. and D. Néraudeau (2008). When the "primitive" shark Tribodus (Hybodontiformes) meets the "modern" ray Pseudohypolophus (Rajiformes): the unique co-occurrence of these two durophagous Cretaceous selachians in Charentes (SW France). Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.58, Number 2. Order Rhinobatiformes - Guitarfishes Bor, T.J. (1983). A New Species of Rhinobatos (Elasmobranchii, Batomorphii) from the Upper Maastrichtian of the Netherlands and Belgium. Geologie en Mijnbouw. Brito, P.M., M.E.C. Leal and V. Gallo (2013). A New Lower Cretaceous Guitarfish (Chondrichthyes, Batoidea) from the Santana Formation, Northeastern Brazil. Boletim do Museo Nacional, Number 76. Claeson, K.M., D.J. Ward and C.J. Underwood (2010). 3-D digital imaging of a concretion-preserved batoid (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from the Turonian (Upper Cretaceous) of Morocco. C.R. Palevol, 9. Everhart, M.J. (2007). New stratigraphic records (Albian-Campanian) of Rhinobatos sp. (Chondrichthyes; Rajiformes) from the Cretaceous of Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, Vol.110, Numbers 3/4. Langston, W. (1970). A Fossil Ray, Possibly Myledaphus (Elasmobranchii: Batoidea) from the Late Cretaceous Oldman Formation of Western Canada. National Museums of Canada, Publications in Palaeontology, Number 6. Maisey, J.G. (1976). The Jurassic Selachian Fish Protospinax Woodward. Palaeontology, Vol.19, Part 4. Order Torpediniformes - Electric Rays Ward, D.J. (1983). Additions to the fish fauna of the English Palaeogene. 4. A new batoid genus from the Bracklesham Group of Selsea, Sussex. Tertiary Research, 5(2). General Batoidea Ashliman, N.C., et al. (2012). Body plan convergence in the evolution of skates and rays (Chondrichthyes: Batoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 63. Dean, M.N., J.J. Bizarro and A.P. Summers (2007). The evolution of cranial design, diet and feeding mechanisms in batoid fishes. Integrative and Comparative Biology, Vol.47, Number 1. Deynat, P.P. and P. Brito (1994). Revision of the Dermal Tubercles of Rays (Chondrichthyes: Batoidea) from the Parana Basin, Tertiary of South America. Annales de Paleontologie (Vert.-Invert.), 80(4). Guinot, G., et al. (2012). Batoids (Elasmobranchii: Batomorphii) from the British and French Late Cretaceous. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, Vol.10, Issue 3. Hovestadt, D.C . and M. Hovestadt-Euler (1995). Additions to the fauna of the Boom Clay Formation of Belgium (Rupelian, Oligocene). Taxonomic adjustments on the Scyliorhinidae and Rajoidei, discovery of a dasyatid species (Pisces, Chondrichthyes) and of a cucrulionid species (Insecta, Coleoptera). Belgian Geological Survey, Professional Paper 278. Kachacha, G., et al. (2017). Revision of the fossil batomorphs from the Cretaceous of Lebanon, and their impact on our understanding of the early step of the evolution of the clade. Research & Knowledge, Vol.3, Number 2. Lowemark, L. (2015). Evidence for targeted elasmobranch predation on thalassinidean shrimp in the Miocene Taliao Formation, NE Taiwan. Lethaia, Vol.48. Sharma, K.M. and R. Patnaik (2013). Additional Fossil Batoids (Skates and Rays) from the Miocene Deposits of Baripada Beds, Mayurbhang District, Orissa, India. Earth Science India, Vol.6 (IV). Tiwari, R.P. and V.Z. Ralte (2012). Fossil batoid and teleost fish remains from Bhuban Formation (Lower to Middle Miocene), Surma Group, Aizawl, Mizoram. Current Science, Vol.103, Number 6. Underwood, C.J., M.A. Kolmann and D.J. Ward (2017). Paleogene Origin of Planktivory in the Batoidea. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, e1293068. Underwood, C.J., et al. (2015). Development and Evolution of Dentition Pattern and Tooth Order in the Skates and Rays (Batoidea: Chondrichthyes). PLoS ONE, 10(4). van Netten, H.H. and J.W.F. Reumer (2009). Bite marks on early Holocene Tursiops truncatus fossils from the North Sea indicate scavenging by rays (Chondrichthyes, Rajidae). Netherlands Journal of Geosciences, 88-3. Wing, E. (1966). Fossil Skates and Rays of Florida. The Plaster Jacket, Number 2. (Thanks to Nimravus for pointing me to this one!) Clade Pristiorajea - Rhinopristiformes (Sawfishes) and Sclerorhynchiformes Order Rhinopristiformes - Sawfishes Carrillo-Briceno, J.D., et al. (2015). Sawfishes and Other Elasmobranch Assemblages from the Mio-Pliocene of the South Caribbean (Urumaco Sequence, Northwestern Venezuela). PLoS ONE, 10(10). Deynat, P.P. (2005). New data on the systematics and interrelationships of sawfishes (Elasmobranchii, Batoidea, Pristiformes). Journal of Fish Biology, 66. Farres, F. and H.L. Fierstine (2009). First record of the extinct sawfish Propristis schweinfurthi Dames, 1883 (Batoidea: Pristiformes: Pristidae) from the middle Eocene of Spain. Palaontologische Zeitschrift. Schaeffer, B. (1963). Cretaceous Fishes from Bolivia, with Comments on Pristid Evolution. American Museum Novitates, Number 2159. Order Sclerorhynchiformes Arambourg, C. (1940). The Group of the Ganopristines. Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, Ser.5, 10. (Plates not included.) Delgadillo-Escobar, A.A., et al. (2015). The first record of Onchosaurus (†Sclerorhynchidae) from the Late Cretaceous of northern Mexico. Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, Vol.67, Number 1. Keyes, I.W. (1977). Records of the Northern Hemisphere Cretaceous Sawfish Genus Onchopristis (Order Batoidea) from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, Vol.20, Number 2. Kirkland, J.I. and M.C. Aguillon-Martinez (2002). Schizorhiza: a unique sawfish paradigm from the Difunta Group, Coahuila, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geologicas, Vol.19, Number 1. Knight, J.L., D.J. Cicimurri, and R.W. Purdy (2007). New Western Hemisphere Occurrences of Schizorhiza Weiler, 1930 and Eotorpedo White, 1934 (Chondrichthyes, Batomorphii). Paludicola, 6(3). Kriwet, J. and S. Klug (2012). Presence of the extinct sawfish Onchosaurus (Neoselachii, Sclerorhynchiformes) in the Late Cretaceous of Peru with a review of the genus. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 39. Kriwet, J. and K. Kussius (2001). Paleobiology and Paleobiogeography of Sclerorhynchid Sawfishes (Chondrichthyes, Batomorphi). Revista Española de Paleontología, no. extraordinario. Pereira, A.A. and M.A. Medeiros (2008). A New Sclerorhynchiform (Elasmobranchii) from the Middle Cretaceous of Brazil. Rev.bras.paleontol., 11(3). Smith, M.M., et al. (2015). Early development of rostrum saw-teeth in a fossil ray tests classical theories of the evolution of vertebrate dentitions. Proc.R.Soc. B, 282. Suárez, M.E. and H. Cappetta (2004). Sclerorhynchid teeth (Neoselachii, Sclerorhynchidae) from the Late Cretaceous of the Quiriquina Formation, central Chile. Andean Geology, Vol.31, Number 1. Underwood, C., M.M. Smith and Z. Johanson (2015). Sclerorhynchus atavus and the convergent evolution of rostrum-bearing chondrichthyans. In: Arthur Smith Woodward: His Life and Influence of Modern Vertebrate Palaeontology. Johanson, Z., et al. (eds.), Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 430. General Pristiorajea Welten, M., et al. (2015). Evolutionary origins and development of saw-teeth on the sawfish and sawshark rostrum (Elasmobranchii; Chondrichthyes). R.Soc.Open Sci., 12. Wueringer, B.E., L. Squire and S.P. Collin (2009). The biology of extinct and extant sawfish (Batoidea: Sclerorhynchidae and Pristidae). Rev. Fish Biol. Fisheries, 19. Superorder Selachimorpha Order Pristiophoriformes - Sawsharks (not Sawfish) Keyes, I.W. (1982). The Cenozoic sawshark Pristiophorus lanceolatus (Davis) (Order Selachii) of New Zealand and Australia, with a review of the phylogeny and distribution of world fossil and extant pristiophoridae. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, Vol.25. Keyes, I.W. (1979). Ikamauius, a new genus of fossil sawshark (Order Selachii: Family Pristiophoridae) from the Cenozoic of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics, Vol.22, Number 1. Welten, M., et al. (2015). Evolutionary origins and development of saw-teeth on the sawfish and sawshark rostrum (Elasmobranchii; Chondrichthyes). R.Soc.Open Sci., 12.
  3. Looking at trading my large collection of Eocene shark teeth, ray fossils, and fish fossils from the Nanjemoy Formation of Muddy Creek in Virginia. Looking to trade for rare species of shark teeth or shark teeth from rare locations. I have broken down what is included in the collection below and will post pictures of some of the highlights of the collection in the upcoming posts. All fossils are complete with no repair or restoration. Message me if interested. Here are a couple of links about the location: http://www.elasmo.com/frameMe.html?file=paleo/va/va_eoc.html&menu=bin/menu_fauna-alt.html https://www.dmme.virginia.gov/commercedocs/PUB_152.pdf Fossils included in the collection: Shark Material Striatolamia macrota - 100+ Anomotodon novus & Anomotodon sheppeyensis - 100+ Serratolamna lerichei - 50+ Hypotodus verticalis - 37x Carcharias sp. - 36x Sylvestrilamia teretidens - 22x Odontaspis winkleri - 25x Jaekelotodus robustus - 7x Palaeohypotodus rutoti - 1x Cretalamna appendiculata - 5x Isurolamna inflata - 4x Ginglymostoma sp. and Nebrius sp. - 23x Squatina prima - 19x Megasqualus orpiensis and Squalus crenatidens - 4x Premontria sp. - 17x Palaeogaleus vincenti - 17x Scyliorhinus gilberti - 13x Triakis wardi - 7x Physogaleus secundus - 50+ Pachygaleus lefevrei - 15x Galeorhinus ypresiensis - 5x Rhizoprionodon sp. - 32x Abdounia beaugei - 100+ Abdounia minutissima - 100+ Unidentified sp. - 4x Shark vertebra - 1x Ray Material Ray plate bars of various sp. - 100+ including one partial plate Ray teeth of various sp - 100+ Dermal denticles - 21x Stingray barb - 1x Fish Material Fish teeth of various species (including cutlass, barracuda, drum, others) - 100+ Various fish bones - 50+ Anoxypristis sp. - 1x Striatolamia macrota Anomotodon novus & Anomotodon sheppeyensis
  4. Cretaceous Guitarfish

    This tooth, "pseudohypolophus" has yet to be assigned to a family. It is believed to be an extinct Rajiforme, specifically a guitarfish. Tooth crowns are very common in Black Creek sands, but are very rarely found with the roots.
  5. Rhombodus tooth

    Tooth of a ray.
  6. Rhombodus tooth

    Tooth of a ray.
  7. H, The family and I spent a lovely week at Walton on the Naze in Essex, UK. As it was the Easter break the site was very busy with collectors young and old, but we still managed to find some interesting pieces. The site itself is London Clay (c53my) with a junction bed above from which whale bone and Megalodon teeth can be found. Above this is the distinctive Red Crag (c.2my). Lastly are glacial deposits and later from which Neolithic and Roman finds have been found over the years. The site is rapidly eroding at a rate of about a metre a year however there are daily land slips and falls so whether that rate is accelerating its hard to say. Most of the finds are in the shingle and with my eyes I had to adopt the 'hands and knees crawl' technique to see anything other than a blur of shapes. All of the finds below (with the exception of the potential neolithic finds) are from the London Clay sediments. The Site: We found a lot of striatolamia shark teeth. Its possible there are other species within this, however we haven't had time to have a detailed look at each tooth yet: Two nice Otodus shark teeth were found by my wife: A pair of what we believe are well worn ray dentition plates. They were hard to photograph so apologies for the lack of clarity: On a previous trip a few weeks ago we also found this. Both turtle and bird bone have been found on this site. Could this be either?: I've included a fossilised twig and a seed that I picked up. The beach is littered with these and tend to be ignored by the fossil hunters as they are so common. I like them: Lastly I've included two interesting finds. The ball is from Walton and the 'spear point' was from Dovercourt just up the coast. In an archaeological context these might be exciting finds - the ball is similar to others that have been described as hammer stones, gaming pieces or sling shots. The 'spear point' shows signs of rework along both edges. Out of context, within the beach shingle, they are just interesting stones but I thought I'd share them anyway: Any comments would be appreciated. Happy Hunting! Carl
  8. Ray plate

    From the album Fossil Collection

  9. Shark Tooth Hill Micros

    First off, I want to thank Doren for sending me a small flat rate box full of STH matrix for me to try sifting through. I still have quite a bit of fine matrix to sort through but already I've managed to find hundreds of specimens. I've found quite a few Carcharhinus, Cetorhinus, Galeorhinus, Squalus, and tons of ray teeth. When I'm finished with all the matrix, I think I'll write a follow-up post with all the nice specimens I found. I'm having a little trouble identifying various species of rays - maybe someone has a literature suggestion to help me get familiar with different tooth characteristics? From what I can tell from other posts, the features that differentiate some ray species are quite subtle and to my untrained eye, very difficult to distinguish. I wouldn't mind some ID help with these teeth in particular. Scale to the right is in mm. If you could also comment on how common/uncommon these species are and what position they are in the jaw that would be immensely helpful as well. Also, maybe someone wouldn't mind making a list of the species found at STH and rank how common they are? Also, does anyone have suggestions for removing the last bit of silt/sand from the crevices in the teeth? I've tried water and gently stirring but that does not have much of an effect. Thanks for your help!
  10. Cretaceous Ray

    A beautiful tooth of this species from this site. Most are extremely worn and with missing or broken roots.
  11. Ray Tooth

    This somewhat common ray tooth is always a joy to find. Most have some type of root wear or damage, so this one is a great specimen.
  12. A fellow TFF member gave me some micro material from the Eocene, Meridian Mississippi . I don't know much about micro fossils so was hoping to get some info on the following? Which were all photographed next to a US nickel. photos 1 and 2
  13. Devil Ray

    This Devil Ray tooth, Plinthicus stenodon is a common found in some Pungo River sediments. It is also found in the Pliocene Yorktown, but is much less common there. Most found are damaged in some way. Being undamaged makes this specimen special.
  14. IMG-5109.JPG

    From the album Calvert Cliffs Maryland 12/10/2016

    Ray plates, snaggletooth, turritella, and shell assortment.
  15. I joined in with a few others for a trip into an quarry in eastern N.C. This quarry is Oligocene Belgrade and River Bend Formations. It was a beautiful day for a hunt though part of the quarry was flooded from rains due to Hurricane Mathew and the rest of it was on the muddy side. The finds were not as prolific as I thought they would be after all of the rain, but still not a bad day. These are some of the better finds. All together ......... Croc teeth, the small one is 7/8 inch long and may be the best condition one I have ever found here. The larger is 1 1/16 a couple of Hemispristis 1/2 inch and 3/4 inch
  16. My kids and I sorted through some gravel that had been given to us by a friend, from a creek that is south of the North Sulphur on private land. Here is a video of some of the finds: And here are some photos, verts first:
  17. I recently won an Auction that was started by Tony (YNOT) and it included a Medium box of Sharktooth Hill micro matrix. The below pics, along with specimen counts, are examples of some of the items that I found in this matrix. (+80) Cetorhinus (Basking Shark) (+300) Myliobatis mouth plates
  18. A close relative of the angel shark Lit.: DETLEV THIES & ARMIN LEIDNER (2011) Sharks and guitarfi shes (Elasmobranchii) from the Late Jurassic of Europe. Palaeodiversity 4: 63–184; Stuttgart 30 December 2011. CARVALHO, KRIWET & THIES 2008: A systematic and anatomical revision of Late Jurassic angelsharks (Chondrichthyes: Squatinidae) S. Klug and J. Kriwet. 2013. An offshore fish assemblage (Elasmobranchii, Actinopterygii) from the Late Jurassic of NE Spain. Palaeontologische Zeitschrift 87(2):235-257
  19. Ray Plates

    From the album Breezy Point, Calvert Cliffs Maryland 9/16/16

    Assortment of ray plates. The plate top right is one of the biggest plates I've ever found intact.
  20. Hello! I found this chunk of something in Frankstown, MS while looking for shark teeth. There is so much petrified driftwood there and many pieces look similar to this. I picked this out at first thinking it was wood.. but I didn't see the little bumps along one side (I'm being very generic because I don't want to call it something it isn't and I'm not sure yet what it is ) until I got home. I also noticed when I got home that it is hollow and looks a bit like bone. After seeing this, I thought it was probably a fin spine or a ray barb. Others say it is a barb, but if it is, I'd love to know more. I would think it would have denticles along both sides, but the other side is rounded. Rays found at this location are Brachyrhizodus wichitaensis and Brachyrhizodus mcnultii. Specimen is 2" long
  21. I have a pretty extensive collection of shark, ray, fish and other micros from sites all over the US, Europe, North Africa and Australia. You can see a very small part of my collection in my TFF posts at the below links. As I add new posts to TFF I'll update this list. I want to thank Earl M. for organizing my micro posts as shown below, which is a much more useful listing than in my original post: Paleozoic Silurian E. m. Silurian (Wenlockian) - Rochester Sh. – Niagara Co., New York http://www.thefossil.../?hl=+new +york Devonian E. m. Devonian (Eifelian) – Columbus Lmst. – Columbus, Franklin Co., C. Ohio (see Martin, 2002) http://www.thefossil...ork#entry441978 (placoid scales, bony fish teeth) Lt. m. Devonian (Givetian) – Darien bed, Wanakah Sh., Ludlowville Fm., Hamilton Grp. – Bethany, Genesee Co., NW New York http://www.thefossil.../?hl=+new +york E. lt. Devonian (Frasnian) – North Evans Lmst. Mbr., Genesee Fm. – Hamburg, Erie Co., New York http://www.thefossil.../?hl=+new +york Mesozoic Jurassic M. m. Jurassic (Bathonian) – Great Oolite lmst. – England, U.K. http://www.thefossil...united-kingdom/ (incl. Acrodus) E. lt. Jurassic (Oxfordian) - Kellaways Clay, lw. Oxford Clay – Peterborough, England, U.K. http://www.thefossil...o +sr +jurassic (onychites, bony fish teeth) http://www.thefossil...art-2/?p=489587 (Protospinax, serpulid worm tubes, etc.) http://www.thefossil...kingdom-part-3/ (more onychites, belemnites, serpulid worm tubes, Protospinax, Omatoscyllium) Cretaceous Early Cretaceous Lt. E. (“m.”) Cret. (Albian) – Kiowa Sh. Fm., m. Dakota Grp. – Kansas http://www.thefossil...ros#entry433986 (incl. Onchopristis dunklei) Late Cretaceous Lt. m. Cenomanian – Graneros Sh. Fm., basal Colorado Grp. – Kansas http://www.thefossil...ansas/?p=507345 E. lt. Cenomanian – basal Lincoln Lmst. Mbr., basal Greenhorn Fm., lower Colorado Grp. (transgressive lag) – Kansas http://www.thefossil...os-from-kansas/ http://www.thefossil...ansas/?p=507330 (Squalicorax falcatus; Onchopristis dunklei, Ptychodus decurrens, Rhinobatos; Enchodus petrosus) Lt. m. Turonian – Blue Hill Sh. Mbr., m. Carlile Sh. Fm., m. Colorado Grp. (regressive) – Kansas (see Everhart et al., 2003) http://www.thefossil...os-from-kansas/ (Chiloscyllium greeni, Scapanorhynchus r. raphiodon, Squalicorax falcatus; Ptychotrygon spp., Ischyrhiza m. schneideri, common Rhinobatos incertus) http://www.thefossil...ros#entry437979 E. lt. Turonian – Codell Ss. Mbr., upper Carlile Sh. Fm., m. Colorado Grp. - Kansas http://www.thefossil...os-from-kansas/ (Hybodus, Scapanorhynchus r. raphiodon; Ptychotrygon, Rhinobatos) E. lt. Turonian – Turner Sandy Mbr., m. Codell Ss. Mbr., upper Carlile Fm., m. Colorado Grp. – Grant Co., NE South Dakota (see Stewart & Martin, 1993; Jorgensen and Larson, 1996; Lewis, 1999; & Lewis et al., 2000) http://www.thefossil...o-south-dakota/ (Ptychotrygon, Ischyrhiza, Brachyrhizodus mcnultyi) http://www.thefossil...-dakota-part-2/ (Squalicorax falcatus, Rhinobatos, Enchodus) Latest Turonian (not e. Coniacian) – basal Atco Fm. (transgressive lag), basal Austin Grp. – TXI Q., Midlothian, Johnson Co., NE Texas (mostly a shallow-water fauna, except for the Ptychodus and Pseudocorax) (see Meyer, 1974; Welton & Farish, 1993) http://www.thefossil...ros#entry417293 (Scapanorhynchus raphiodon, Onchopristis dunklei, Paralbula, Ptychotrygon) http://www.thefossil...i-quarry-texas/ (Scapanorhynchus r. raphiodon, Squalicorax falcatus, Onchopristis dunklei, Ptychotrygon triangularis, Ischyrhiza m. schneideri, Hadrodus priscus, Paralbula) Santonian – Hosta Tongue, Pt. Lookout Ss. – C. New Mexico (see Bourdon et al., 2011) http://www.thefossil...rom-new-mexico/ (Hybodus, Squatina/Cedarstroemia/Columbusia, Cantioscyllium descipiens; Ptychotrygon, Ischyrhiza, Rhinobatos, Brachyrhizodus mcnulti, Ptychodus mortoni, assorted ray dermal denticles; Enchodus petrosus; juv. croc tooth crown) Early Campanian – Menefee Fm., m. Mesa Verde Grp. – eastern San Juan Basin, Rio Arriba Co., NW New Mexico http://www.thefossil...-of-new-mexico/ E. m. Campanian – basal Ozan Fm., basal Taylor Grp. – North Sulphur River?, Fannin Co., Texas (see McKinzie et al., 2001) http://www.thefossil...ation-of-texas/ (Chiloscyllium greeni, Scyliorhinus, Odontaspis aculeatus, Carcharias holmdeli, Pseudocorax laevis, Squalicorax kaupi – mostly deep-water sharks) http://www.thefossil...ation-of-texas/ (Ptychotrygon, Sclerorhynchus, Ischyrhiza; Rhinobatos) http://www.thefossil...ation-of-texas/ (Hadrodus priscus branchials, Anomoeodus phaseolus prearticular (lw. toothplate) teeth, Enchodus petrosus dentary fangs, sm. dercetid scales, misl. bony fish teeth) Campanian – hard chalk, Fm.? – Hallencourt, France http://www.thefossil...ros#entry411927 (partial squid beak, centrodorsal ossicles of free-swimming comatulid crinoids, calcified chitin lobster claw knobs; Chiloscyllium, Squatirina kannensis, Anomotodon, Galeorhinus girardoti [usus. Maastr.], Paraorthacodus conicus, etc.) Lt. Campanian – Kirtland & Fruitland fms. (estuarine/fluviatile) – New Mexico http://www.thefossil...-of-new-mexico/ (with Myledaphus bipartitus, Protoplatyrhina renae, gar & croc) Lt. Maastrichtian – Escondido Fm. – south Texas (see Case & Cappetta, 1997) http://www.thefossil...ation-of-texas/ Cretaceous, Maastrichtian,Tchivoula Quarry, near Hinda, Congo http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/80695-micro-shark-ray-and-bony-fish-specimens-from-the-miocene-of-france-and-cretaceous-of-the-congo/ Cenozoic Paleocene Lt. Paleocene (Thanetian) – zone 4, Aquia Fm.– Maryland and Virginia (see Ward & Wiest, 1990) http://www.thefossil...on-of-maryland/ http://www.thefossil...on-of-virginia/ Eocene E. Eocene (Ypresian) – Nanjemoy Fm. – Stafford Co., Virginia (see Ward & Wiest, 1990; Weems & Grimsley, 1999) http://www.thefossil...ginia/?p=510087 L. Eocene - Chadron Formation - White River Group - Sioux County Nebraska (terrestrial) http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/66750-terrestrial-micros-from-the-eocene-chadron-formationoligocene-brule-formation-white-river-group-sioux-county-nebraska/#entry699681 Oligocene E. Oligocene? (Rupelian?) (incl. Hemipristis curvatus & Isogomphodon frequens) – in coarse gravel – Alafia River bed, Florida http://www.thefossil...ver-in-florida/ Oligocene - Brule Member of the White River Group - Sioux County, Nebraska http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/59218-oligocene-terrestrial-micros-from-nebraska/ http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/66138-oligocene-micros-from-the-m-m-ranch-in-nebraska/ Miocene E. Miocene – Coosawhatchee Fm., Hawthorn Grp. – Gainesville, Alachua Co., N. peninsular Florida http://www.thefossil...sville-florida/ http://www.thefossil...art-3/?p=482047 M. Miocene – Round Mtn. Silt Fm. – Sharktooth Hill site, Ernst Ranch, near Bakersfield, Kern Co., SC California http://www.thefossil...eld-california/ Miocene – zone 16, Choptank Fm. – Virginia http://www.thefossil...ros#entry427430 (sharks, rays, Lagodon, Pogonias) http://www.thefossil...ros#entry433798 (a var. of rays, bony fish otoliths) http://www.thefossil...ros#entry460266 Miocene, Langhian Age, lower "dark" horizon, Loupian Quarry, France http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/80695-micro-shark-ray-and-bony-fish-specimens-from-the-miocene-of-france-and-cretaceous-of-the-congo/ M. Miocene? – Pungo R. Fm.? – Lee Crk. (phosphate) Mine, N. of Aurora, Beaufort Co., CE. North Carolina (see Purdy et al., 2001) http://www.thefossil...from-aurora-nc/ (Alopias, Rhincodon, Dasyatis, Raja, Paramobula, etc.) http://www.thefossil...-window-screen/ http://www.thefossil...ros#entry453842 Lt. Miocene?– upper Bone Valley Fm.?, in coarse gravel – Alafia River bed, Florida http://www.thefossil...ver-in-florida/ (incl. Dasyatis and Rhynchobatus teeth) Lt. Miocene? – upper Bone Valley Fm.? – Joshua Crk. bed coarse gravel, Florida http://www.thefossil...orida/?p=477293 Lt. Miocene – upper Bone Valley Fm. – phosphate mine, Polk Co., C. peninsular Florida http://www.thefossil...ine-in-florida/ Lt. Miocene? – upper Bone Valley Fm.? – Peace River bed gravel, nr. Rt. 17 bridge, nr. Zolfo Sprs., Hardee Co., C. peninsular Florida http://www.thefossil...ver-of-florida/ http://www.thefossil...florida-part-2/ http://www.thefossil...eek-in-florida/ (with Isistius teeth) Pleistocene Pleistocene - Melbourne Bone Bed - Merritt Island, Florida http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php?/topic/58306-pleistocene-micros-from-merritt-island-florida/?p=620548 References Bourdon, J., K. Wright, S. G. Lucas, J. A. Spielmann, and R. Pence, 2011. Selachians from the Upper Cretaceous (Santonian) Hosta Tongue of the Point Lookout Sandstone, central New Mexico. Bull., New Mexico Mus. Nat. Hist. & Sci., no. 52, iv + 54 p., 28 figs. Case, G. R., and H. Cappetta, 1997. A new selachian fauna from the late Maastrichtian of Texas (Upper Cretaceous/Navarroan; Kemp Formation). Munchner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlung, Reihe A, vol. 34, pp. 131-189, 15 pl. Duffin, C. J., 2001. Synopsis of the selachian genus Lissodus Brough, 1935. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologische und Paleontologische Abhandlungen, vol. 221, no. 2, pp. 145-218. Everhart, M., P. Everhart, E. M. Manning, and D. E. Hattin, 2003. A middle Turonian marine fish fauna from the upper Blue Hill Shale Member, Carlile Shale, of north central Kansas (abstract). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, vol. 23, supplement to no. 3, p. 49A. Goody, P. C., 1976. Enchodus (Teleostei: Enchodontidae) from the Upper Cretaceous Pierre Shale of Wyoming and South Dakota, with an evaluation of the North American enchodontid species. Palaeontographica, Abteilung A, vol. 152, no. 4-6, pp. 91-112, 3 pl. Jorgensen, S. D., and N. L. Larson, 1996. The Carlile Shale of the Milbank Granite District, Grant County, South Dakota; with regional correlations based on ammonite and shark faunas (abstract). Geological Society of America, Rocky Mountain Section, Abstracts with Programs, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 12-13. Kelly, S. R. A., and R. G. Bromley, 1984. Ichnological nomenclature of clavate borings. Paleontology, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 793-807. Lewis, S. E., 1999. Selachians from the Carlile Formation (Cretaceous-Turonian) of Grant County, South Dakota. St. Cloud State University (St. Cloud, Minnesota), Occasional Papers in Paleobiology, vol. 9, no. 1, 27 p. Lewis, S. E., T. J. Kunkel, S. M. Matrious, and T. T. Behnke, 2000. Invertebrate and vertebrate fauna from the Carlile Formation (Cretaceous-Turonian) of Grant County, South Dakota. St. Cloud State University (St. Cloud, Minnesota), Occasional Papers in Paleobiology, vol. 10, no. 1, 39 p. Martin, R. L., 2002. Taxonomic revision and paleoecology of middle Devonian (Eifelian) fishes of the Onondaga, Columbus, and Delaware limestones of the eastern United States. McKinzie, M. G., R. Morin, and E. Swiatovy, 2001. Fossil collector's guide to the North Sulphur River. Dallas Paleontological Society, Occasional Papers, vol. 4, 119 p., 20 pl. McNulty, C. L., Jr., and B. H. Slaughter, 1972. The Cretaceous selachian genus Ptychotrygon Jaekel, 1894. Eclogae Geologie Helvetiae, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 647-655, 1 pl. Meyer, R. L., 1974. Late Cretaceous elasmobranchs from the Mississippi and East Texas embayments of the Gulf Coastal Plain. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, xiv + 419 p. Purdy, R. W., V. P. Schneider, S. P. Applegate, J. H. McLellan, R. L. Meyer, and B. H. Slaughter, 2001. The Neogene sharks, rays, and bony fishes from Lee Creek Mine, Aurora, North Carolina. In C. E. Ray and D. J. Bohaska, eds., Geology and Paleontology of the Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina, III. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleontology, no. 90, p. 71-202. Rees, J., and C. J. Underwood, 2002. The status of the shark genus Lissodus Brough, 1935, and the position of nominal Lissodus species within the Hybodontoidea (Selachii). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 471-479. Schwimmer, D. R., J. D. Stewart, and G. D. Williams, 1997. Scavenging by sharks of the genus Squalicorax in the Late Cretaceous of North America. Palaios, vol. 12, pp. 71-83. Slaughter, B. H., and M. Steiner, 1968. Notes on the rostral teeth of ganopristine sawfishes, with special reference to Texas material. Journal of Paleontology, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 233-239. Stewart, J. D., and J. E. Martin, 1993. Late Cretaceous selachians and associated marine vertebrates from the Dakota Rose granite quarry, Grant County, South Dakota. South Dakota Academy of Science, Proceedings, vol. 72, pp. 241-248, 1 pl. Ward, D. J., and R. L. Wiest, 1990. A checklist of Paleocene and Eocene sharks and rays (Chondrichthyes) from the Pamunkey Group, Maryland and Virginia, U.S.A.. Tertiary Research (Leiden, Holland), vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 81-88. Weems, R. E., and Grimsley, G. J. (eds.), 1999. Early Eocene vertebrates and plants from the Fisher/Sullivan site (Nanjemoy Formation), Safford County, Virginia. Virginia Div. of Min. Res., Publication 152, 159 p. Welton, B. J., and R. F. Farish, 1993. The collector’s guide to fossil sharks and rays from the Cretaceous of Texas. Horton Printing Co., Dallas, xviii + 204 p. Marco Sr.
  22. Ptiny Ptychodus ptooth

    Recently I started looking a little more closely at the small gravels in the creek. This little Ptychodus tooth, the smallest I've found to date, is the fifth I've found in Austin. I've reviewed the pinned topic on Ptychodus, but can't nail down the ID from there. What do you think?
  23. Tooth Found at Copenhagen, Louisiana

    I found this tooth 1 year ago in the Copenhagen Community of Louisiana (Northeast Louisiana). My family settled in that area around 150 years ago... There is now a Copenhagen Hills Preserve area with many archeological digs there from the local universities. Kind of funny because the settlers there were using rib bones, etc as door stops... My brothers and I wonder the hills when I'm there to visit with many small bones, large pieces of quartz, and an occasional rib bone, ray teeth, seashells, and now this tooth being found. Most of the time we find these things just laying around on the ground or in a creek bed. It is noted that this is probably an Eocene time period....it is known that bones of Basilosaurus have been located in the hills..along with bones of rays. This site will give you a little inkling of what Copenhagen is like. The p http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/northamerica/unitedstates/louisiana/placesweprotect/copenhagen-hills-preserve.xml Any help in identifying would be appreciated. Measures 3 1/2 " in length, 3" in width, 1 1/2" in depth. Thanks again!
  24. Rhombodus microdon tooth

    From the album Fish Fossils

    Rhombodus microdon (Arambourg, 1952) Location: Khouribga, Morocco Age: Maastrichtian, Late Cretaceous

    © &copy Olof Moleman

  25. Rhombodus binkhorsti

    From the album Fish Fossils

    Rhombodus binkhorsti Dames, 1881 Location: Khouribga, Morocco Age: Maastrichtian, Late Cretaceous

    © &copy Olof Moleman