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Found 4 results

  1. Any idea what this is?

    I assume this is a sea lily, but I may be wrong.
  2. Crinoid non det.

    From the album Invertebrates

    Crinoid non det. Early Devonian Early Emsian Bundenbach Grube Eschenbach Germany
  3. Isselicrinus buchii

    Isselicrinus buchii is a relatively common crinoid in Maastrichtian Danish chalk strata in the form of small 2-3 segment-long columnal fragments. However, starting from 10 segments, an articulated I. buchii columnal is fairly rare, and above 30 segments is substantially rare. On this specimen, there are in total 40 segments and 1 partial segment. It was recovered from a large chalk nodule, which had to be broken several times to access the whole stem. The fossil has been entirely 3D prepared, by the use of small dental tools. It is thought that the black colour at the base of the columnal represents a remnant of the attachment disc/holdfast
  4. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since May 30, 2018. Phylum Echinodermata Class Eocrinoidea Bockelie, J.F. (1981). The Middle Ordovician of the Oslo Region, Norway, 30. The eocrinoid genera Cryptocrinites, Rhipidocystis and Bockia. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, Vol.61. Clausen, S. (2004). New Early Cambrian eocrinoids from the Iberian Chains (NE Spain) and their role in nonreefal benthic communities. Eclogae geol.Helv., 97. Dzik, J. and S. Orlowski (1993). The Late Cambrian eocrinoid Cambrocrinus. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 38(1-2). Hu, S.-X., et al. (2007). Eocrinoid echinoderms from the Lower Cambrian Guanshan Fauna in Wuding, Yunnan, China. Chinese Science Bulletin, Vol.52, Number 5. Huang, D.-Y. (2012). Eocrinoids from the Cambrian Mantou Formation of Dalian, Liaoning. Chinese Science Bulletin, Vol.57, Number 30. Nardin, E. (2007). New occurrence of the Ordovician eocrinoid Cardiocystites: Palaeogeographical and palaeoecological implications. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 52(1). Nohejlova, M. and O. Fatka (2016). Ontogeny and morphology of Cambrian eocrinoid Akadocrinus (Barrandian Area, Czech Republic). Bulletin of Geosciences, 91(1). Parsley, R.L. and Y.-L. Zhao (2006). Long Stalked Eocrinoids in the Basal Middle Cambrian Kaili Biota, Taijiang County, Guizhou Province, China. J.Paleont., 80(6). Rozhnov, S.V. (1994). Comparative morphology of Rhipidocystis Jaekel, 1900 and Cryptocrinites von Buch, 1840 (Eocrinoidea, Ordovician). In: Echinoderms through Time. David, et al. (eds.), Balkema, Rotterdam. Sumrall, C.D. and S. Zamora (2015). A columnal-bearing eocrinoid from the Cambrian Burgess Shale (British Columbia, Canada). Journal of Paleontology, 2015. Ubaghs, G. and R.A. Robison (1985). A New Homoiostelean and a New Eocrinoid from the Middle Cambrian of Utah. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 115. Young, T.P. and S.K. Donovan. (1993). The eocrinoid Ascocystites Barrande (Echinodermata, Blastozoa) from the Middle Ordovician of central Portugal, with comments on the stratigraphy of the Brejo Fundeiro Formation. Atlantic Geology, 29. Zamora, S. and A.B. Smith (2012). Cambrian stalked echinoderms show unexpected plasticity of arm construction. Proc.R.Soc. B, 279. Zamora, S., C.D. Sumrall and J. Sprinkle (2015). New long-stemmed eocrinoid from the Furongian Point Peak Shale Member of the Wilberns Formation, central Texas. Journal of Paleontology, 89(1). Zamora, S., S. Darroch and I.A. Rahman (2013). Taphonomy and ontogeny of early pelmatozoan echinoderms: A case study of a mass-mortality assemblage of Gogia from the Cambrian of North America. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 377. Zamora, S., R. Gozalo, and E. Linan (2009). Middle Cambrian gogiid echinoderms from Northeast Spain: Taxonomy, palaeoecology, and palaeogeographic implications. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 54(2). Class Crinoidea - Sea Lilies, Feather Stars and Comatulids Cambrian Crinoids Clausen, S. and A.B. Smith (2008). Stem Structure and Evolution in the Earliest Pelmatozoan Echinoderms. J. Paleont., 82(4). Clausen, S., et al. (2009). Pelmatozoan arms from the Middle Cambrian of Australia: bridging the gap between brachioles and brachials? Lethaia, Vol.42. Ulrich, E.O. (1929). Trachelocrinus, a new genus of Upper Cambrian crinoids. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 19. Ordovician Crinoids Ordovician Crinoids - Africa/Middle East Zamora, S., I.A. Rahman and W.I. Ausich (2015). Palaeogeographic implications of a new iocrinid crinoid fron the Ordovician (Darriwillian) of Morocco. PeerJ, 3:e1450. Ordovician Crinoids - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Ausich, W.I., R.V. Rozhnov and T.W. Kammer (2015). Isocrinid Crinoids from the Ordovician of the Baltic Region, Estonia. Paleontological Journal, Vol.29, Number 2. Ausich, W.I., A.A. Sa and J.C. Gutierrez-Marco (2007). New and Revised Occurrences of Ordovician Crinoids from Southwestern Europe. J.Paleont., 81(6). Bates, D.E.B. (1965). A New Ordovician Crinoid from Dolgellau, North Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.8, Part 2. Brower, J.C. (1974). Upper Ordovician Xenocrinids (Crinoidea, Camerata) from Scotland. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 67. Cope, J.C.W. (1988). A Reinterpretation of the Arenig Crinoid Ramseyocrinus. Palaeontology, Vol.31, Part 1. Donovan, S.K. (2011). Crinoids from the type area of the Costonian (Upper Ordovician), south Shropshire, England. Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil Museum, Number 37. Donovan, S.K. (1992). New Cladid Crinoids from the Late Ordovician of Girvan, Scotland. Palaeontology, Vol.35, Part 1. Donovan, S.K. (1986). A New Genus of Inadunate Crinoid With Unique Stem Morphology from the Ashgill of Sweden. Palaeontology, Vol.29, Part 2. Donovan, S.K. (1984). Ramseyocrinus and Ristnacrinus from the Ordovician of Britain. Palaeontology, Vol.27, Part 3. Donovan, S.K. (1983). Tetrameric Crinoid Columnals from the Ordovician of Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.26, Part 4. Donovan, S.K. and J.C.W. Cope (1989). A New Camerate Crinoid from the Arenig of South Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.32, Part 1. Rozhnov, S.V. (2016). Aboral Nervous System in Two Ordovician Crinoids: Reconstruction and Comparison of Baltic Pentamerocrinus Jaekel and Grammocrinus Eichwald. Paleontological Journal, Vol.50, Number 2. Wright, D.K. (1983). Crinoid Ossicles in Upper Ordovician Benthic Marine Assemblages from Snowdonia, North Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.26, Part 3. Ordovician Crinoids - North America Borths, M.R. and W.I. Ausich (2011). Ordovician-Silurian Lilliput crinoids during the end-Ordovician biotic crisis. Swiss J.Paleontol., 130. Brower, J.C. (1977). Calceocrinids from the Bromide Formation (Middle Ordovician) of Southern Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey, Circular 78. Deline, B. (2005). Inter- and Intraspecific Morphological Variation of Crinoid Columnals in Relation to Water Depth in the Type Cincinnatian (Upper Ordovician). Masters Thesis, University of Cincinnati. Haugh, B.N. (1979). Late Ordovician Channel-Dwelling Crinoids from Southern Ontario, Canada. American Museum Novitates, Number 2665. Kesling, R.V. (1972). A New Species of Porocrinus from the Middle Ordovician Kimmswick Limestone of Missouri. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.24, Number 1. Kesling, R.V. and C.R.C. Paul (1971). Agostocrinus and Acolocrinus, Two New Ordovician Crinoids with Peculiar Ray and Respiratory Structures.Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.23, Number 14. Meyer, D.L., et al. (2002). Crinoid Distribution and Feeding Morphology Through a Depositional Sequence: Kope and Fairview Formations, Upper Ordovician, Cincinnati Arch Region. J.Paleont., 76(4). Thomka, J.R., T.J. Malgieri and C.E. Brett (2014). A swollen crinoid pluricolumnal from the Upper Ordovician of northern Kentucky, USA: the oldest record of an amorphous paleopathologic response in Crinoidea? Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 63, 4. Wang, S. (2010). Reconstructions of Late Ordovician crinoids and bryozoans from the Decorah Shale, Upper Mississippi Valley. B.S. Integrative Exercise, Carleton College. General Ordovician Crinoids Ausich, W.I. (1998). Phylogeny of Arenig to Caradoc Crinoids (Phylum Echinodermata) and Suprageneric Classification of the Crinoidea. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Number 9. Ausich, W.I. and S.E. Peters (2005). A revised macroevolutionary history for Ordovician-Early Silurian crinoids. Paleobiology, 31(3). Ausich, W.I. and T.K. Baumiller (1998). Disarticulation patterns in Ordovician crinoids: Implications for the evolutionary history of connective tissue in the Crinoidea. Lethaia, Vol.31. Borths, M. (2008). Crinoids in Lilliput: Morphological Change in Class Crinoidea across the Ordovician - Silurian Boundary. Senior Honors Thesis, The Ohio State University. Foote, M. (1994). Morphology of Ordovician - Devonian Crinoids. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.29, Number 1. Foote, M. (1994). Morphological Disparity in Ordovician-Devonian Crinoids and Early Saturation of Morphological Space. Paleobiology, Vol.20, Issue 3. Kesling, R.V. and C.R.C. Paul (1968). New Species of Porocrinidae and Brief Remarks Upon These Unusual Crinoids. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.22, Number 1. Peters, S.E. and W.I Ausich (2008). A sampling-adjusted macroevolutionary history for Ordovician - Early Silurian crinoids. Paleobiology, 34(1). Silurian Crinoids Silurian Crinoids - Africa/Middle East Hess, H. (1999). Chapter 11. Scaphocrinitids from the Silurian-Devonian Boundary of Morocco. In: Fossil Crinoids. Hess, H., et al. (eds.), Cambridge University Press. Silurian Crinoids - Australia/New Zealand Jell, P.A. (1999). Silurian and Devonian Crinoids from Central Victoria. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Vol.43, Part 1. Silurian Crinoids - Europe (including Greenland) Ausich, W.I., M.A. Wilson and O. Vinn (2015). Wenlock and Pridoli (Silurian) crinoids from Saaremaa, western Estonia (Phylum Echinodermata). Journal of Paleontology, 89(1). Ausich, W.I., M.A. Wilson and O. Vinn (2012). Crinoids from the Silurian of Western Estonia. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 57(3). Brower, J.C. (1975). Silurian Crinoids from the Pentland Hills, Scotland. Palaeontology, Vol.18, Part 3. Donovan, S.K. and D.N. Lewis (2008). A crinoid crown from the Wenlock (Silurian) of Coalbrookdale, Shropshire, England. Scripta Geologica, 136. Donovan, S.K. and N.D.L. Clark (1992). An Unusual Crinoid Columnal Morphospecies from the Llandovery of Scotland and Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.35, Part 1. Donovan, S.K., et al. (2008). A field guide to the Silurian Echinodermata of the British Isles: Part 2 - Crinoidea, minor groups and discussion. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol.57, Part 1. Fearnhead, F.E. (2008). Towards a systematic standard approach to describing fossil crinoids, illustrated by the redescription of a Scottish Silurian Pisocrinus de Koninck. Scripta Geologica, 136. Prokop, R.J. (2010). Aishacrindae, a new family of camerate crinoids from the Silurian of Bohemia, Czech Republic. Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series, Vol.179(5). Silurian Crinoids - North America Boyarko, D.C. (2007). Paleoecology of the Calceocrinidae with a Description of New Material from the Brassfield Formation (early Silurian). Bachelor's Thesis - Ohio State University. Donovan, S.K. (1995). A camerate crinoid from the Upper Silurian (Ludlow) Moydart Formation of Nova Scotia, Canada. Atlantic Geology, 31. Myers, J.R. (2013). Crinoids from the Silurian of Western Ohio and Indiana. Senior Research Thesis - The Ohio State University. Peters, S.E. and K.B. Bork (1998). Secondary Tiering on Crinoids from the Waldron Shale (Silurian: Wenlockian) of Indiana. Journal of Paleontology, Vol.72, Number 5. Springer, F. (1926). American Silurian Crinoids. Smithsonian Institution (Download book from site - 33.5MB) Strimple, H.L. (1963). Crinoids of the Hunton Group (Devonian-Silurian) of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey, Bulletin 100. Witzke, B.J. and H.L. Strimple (1981). Early Silurian Camerate Crinoids of Eastern Iowa. Proc. Iowa Acad.Sci., 88(3). General Silurian Crinoids Brett, C.E. (1978). Host-specific pit-forming epizoans on Silurian crinoids. Lethaia, Vol.11. Devonian Crinoids Devonian Crinoids - Africa/Middle East Hess, H. (1999). Chapter 11. Scaphocrinitids from the Silurian-Devonian Boundary of Morocco. In: Fossil Crinoids. Hess, H., et al. (eds.), Cambridge University Press. Klug, C., et al. (2014). A new species of Tiaracrinus from the latest Emsian of Morocco and its phylogeny. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 59(1). Webster, G.D. and R. T. Becker (2009). Devonian (Emsian to Frasnian) crinoids of the Dra Valley, western Anti-Atlas Mountains, Morocco. In: Devonian Change: Case Studies in Palaeogeography and Palaeoecology. Konigshof, P. (ed.), The Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 314. Webster, G.D., R. T. Becker and C.G. Maples (2005). Biostratigraphy, Paleoecology, and Taxonomy of Devonian (Emsian and Famennian) Crinoids from Southeastern Morocco. J.Paleont., 79(6). Devonian Crinoids - Australia/New Zealand Jell, P.A. (1999). Silurian and Devonian Crinoids from Central Victoria. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, Vol.43, Part 1. Devonian Crinoids - Europe (including Greenland) Ausich, W.I., C. Bartels and T.W. Kammer (2013). Tube foot preservation in the Devonian crinoid Codiacrinus from the Lower Devonian Hunsrück Slate, Germany. Lethaia, Vol.46. Bohaty, J. (2011). Revision of the flexible crinoid genus Ammonicrinus and a new hypothesis on its life mode. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 56(3). Bohaty, J. (2009). Palaeodiversity, palaeobiology, and palaeoecology of Middle Devonian crinoids from the Eifel type region. Ph.D. Thesis - Universität zu Köln. Botquelen, A., et al. (2006). Crinoid columnal associations and sequence stratigraphy architecture: the Le Faou Formation, Lower Devonian of the Massif armoricain (France). Bull.Soc.geol.Fr,, Vol.177, Number 1. Głuchowski, E. (2005). Epibionts on upper Eifelian crinoid columnals from the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 50(2). Głuchowski, E. (1993). Crinoid assemblages in the Polish Givetian and Frasnian. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 38, 1/2. Głuchowski, E. and G. Racki (2005). Disarticulated crinoid stems from the Devonian and Carboniferous of north Devon, England. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol.55, Part 3. Prokop, R.J. (2013). Simakocrinus Gen.Nov. (Crinoidea, Col.) from the Bohemian Early and Middle Devonian of the Barrandian Area (The Czech Republic). Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Vol.69, Numbers 1-2. Prokop, R.J. and M. Nohejlova (2015). Baficrinus Gen.Nov. (Crinoidea, Inadunata) from the Bohemian Early Devonian (The Czech Republic). Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Vol.71, Nos.1-2. Prokop, R.J. and M. Nohejlova (2015). Unique Discovery of the Crinoid Gemmacrinus perplexus PROKOP et PETR, 1989 in the Lower Devonian Koneprusy Limestone (Barrandian Area, Czech Republic). Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Vol.71, Nos.1-2. Devonian Crinoids - North America Bowsher, A.L. (1953). A New Devonian Crinoid from Western Maryland. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections, Vol.121, Number 9. Ehlers, G.M. (1925). Two New Crinoids from the Devonian of Michigan. Contributions from the Museum of Geology - The University of Michigan, Vol.II, Number 6. Goldring, W. (1923). The Devonian Crinoids of the State of New York. New York State Museum, Memoir 16. (43.3MB download) Kesling, R.V. (1973). New Botryocrinus and Glossocrinus from the Middle Devonian Bell Shale of Michigan. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.24, Number 5. Kesling, R.V. (1971). Proctothylacocrinus berryorum, A New Crinoid from the Middle Devonian Arkona Shale of Ontario. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.23, Number 21. Kesling, R.V. (1971). Two New Crinoids of the Family Scytalocrinidae from the Middle Devonian Silica Formation of Northwestern Ohio. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.23, Number 18. Kesling, R.V. (1971). Dolatocrinus kutasii, a New Crinoid from the Middle Devonian Bell Shale of Michigan. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.23, Number 12. Kesling, R.V. (1969). Growth Patterns in Proctothylacocrinus longus Kier. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.22, Number 22. Kesling, R.V. (1969). Two New Crinoids from the Middle Devonian Silica Formation. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.22, Number 15. Kesling, R.V. (1968). Logocrinus conicus, a Simple New Middle Devonian Inadunate Crinoid from Michigan. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, Vol.22, Number 17. Kesling, R.V. (1968). Ameliacrinus benderi, a New Dicyclic Camerate Crinoid from the Middle Devonian Silica Formation in Northwestern Ohio. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.22, Number 11. Kesling, R.V. (1968). Notes on Ontogeny of the Middle Devonian Crinoid Proctothylacocrinus esseri Kesling. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.22, Number 9. Kesling, R.V. (1968). Gennaeocrinus chilmanae, a New Crinoid from the Middle Devonian Silica Formation in Southeastern Michigan. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.22, Number 8. Kesling, R.V. (1966). Botryocrinus niemani, A New Crinoid from the Middle Devonian Silica Formation of Ohio. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XX, Number 9. Kesling, R.V. (1965). Proctothylacocrinus esseri, a New Crinoid from the Middle Devonian Silica Formation of Northwestern Ohio. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XX, Number 4. Kesling, R.V. (1965). Nature and Occurrence of Gennaeocrinus goldringae Ehlers. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XIX, Number 16. Kesling, R.V. (1964). Two New Crinoids of the Family Periechocrinitidae from the Middle Devonian Thunder Bay Limestone of Michigan. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XIX, Number 11. Kesling, R.V. (1964). Decadocrinus hughwingi, a New Middle Devonian Crinoid from the Silica Formation in Northwestern Ohio. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XIX, Number 10. Kesling, R.V. (1964). A New Species of Melocrinites from the Middle Devonian Bell Shale of Michigan. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XIX, Number 7. Kesling, R.V. (1963). Occurrence and Variations of Botryocrinus thomasi Laudon in the Thunder Bay Limestone of Michigan. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.XVIII, Number 15. Kesling, R.V. and H.L. Strimple (1971). Eutaxocrinus wideneri, a New Flexible Crinoid from the Middle Devonian Silica Formation of Northwestern Ohio. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.23, Number 19. Kesling, R.V. and J.P. Sigler (1969). Cunctocrinus, a New Middle Devonian Calceocrinid Crinoid from the Silica Shale of Ohio. 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Corynecrinus, A New Devonian Crinoid Genus. Proceedings of the National Museum, Vol.83, Number 2972. Kirk, E. (1929). Pagecrinus, A New Crinoid Genus from the American Devonian. Proceedings of the National Museum, Vol.75, Article 22. McIntosh, G.C. and R.L. Schreiber (1971). Morphology and Taxonomy of the Middle Devonian Crinoid Ancyrocrinus bulbosus Hall 1862. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.23, Number 25. Miller, S.A. and W.F.E. Gurley (1894). Upper Devonian and Niagara Crinoids. Bulletin Number 4 of the Illinois State Museum of Natural History. Sigler, J.P., D. White and R.V. Kesling (1971). Logocrinus brandoni, a New Inadunate Crinoid from the Middle Devonian Silica Shale of Ohio. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.23, Number 13. Stewart, G.A. (1940). Crinoids from the Silica Shale, Devonian, of Ohio. The Ohio Journal of Science, Vol.XL, Number 2. Strimple, H.L. (1963). 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Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement No.58. Carboniferous Crinoids Carboniferous Crinoids - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Ausich, W.I. and T.W. Kammer (2006). Stratigraphical and geographical distribution of Mississippian (Lower Carboniferous) Crinoidea from England and Wales. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, Vol.56, Part 2. Kammer, T.W. and W.I. Ausich (2007). Stratigraphical and geographical distribution of Mississippian (Lower Carboniferous) Crinoidea from Scotland. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 98. Mirantsev, G.V. and S.V. Rozhnov (2012). New data on Carboniferous crinoids from the Moscow Region. Zoosymposia, 7. Carboniferous Crinoids - North America Ausich, W.I. and T.W. Kammer (1992). Dizygocrinus: Mississippian Camerate Crinoid (Echinodermata) from the Midcontinental United States. J.Paleont., 66(4). Ausich, W.I. and T.W. Kammer (1991). Systematic Revisions to Acrocrinus, Dorycrinus, Macrocrinus, Paradichocrinus, Strotocrinus, and Uperocrinus: Mississippian Camerate Crinoids (Echinodermata) from the Stratotype Region. J.Paleont., 65(6). Ausich, W.I. and T.W. Kammer (1991). Late Osagean and Meramecian Actinocrinites (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) from the Mississippian Stratotype Region. J.Paleont., 65(3). Ausich, W.I. and T.W. Kammer (1990). Systematics and Phylogeny of the Late Osagean and Miramecian Crinoids Platycrinites and Eucladocrinus from the Mississippian Stratotype Region. J.Paleont., 64(5). Ausich, W.I., T.W. Kammer and D.L. Meyer (1997). Middle Mississippian Disparid Crinoids from the Midcontinental United States. J.Paleont., 71(1) Burke, J.J. (1966). Endelocrinus kieri, a New Crinoid from the Ames Limestone. Ohio Journal of Science, Vol.66, Issue 5. Ehlers, G.M. and R.V. Kesling (1963). Two New Crinoids from the Lower Mississippian Rocks in Southeastern Kentucky. Journal of Paleontology, Vol.37, Number 5. 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Fossil Crinoid Studies. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 73. Part 1. Miscellaneous Pennsylvanian Crinoids from Kansas, Oklahoma and Nebraska. Part 2. Some Crinoids from the Coal Creek Limestone (Virgilian) of Iowa, Nebraska and Kansas. Part 3. Some Crinoids from the Curzon and Ervine Creek Limestone (Virgilian) of Cass County, Nebraska. Part 4. Biometrical Study of the Morphology and Development of a New Species of Terpnocrinus Strimple and Moore, Pennsylvanian, Nebraska. Slocum, A.W. (1907). New Crinoids from the Chicago Area. Field Columbian Museum Geological Series, Vol.II, Number 10. Strimple, H.L. (1978). Occurrence of Cranocrinus Wanner in North America. Proc. Iowa Acad.Sci., 85(1). Strimple, H.L. (1975). New Chesterian (Upper Mississippian) Crinoids from Illinois. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 79. Strimple, H.L. (1975). Middle Pennsylvanian (Atokan) Crinoids from Oklahoma and Missouri. The Universityof Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 76. Strimple, H.L. and R.C. Moore (1973). Fossil Crinoid Studies. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 66. Part 1. Notes on the Inadunate Crinoid Genus Phanocrinus. Part 2. Middle Pennsylvanian Crinoids from Central Colorado. Part 3. Aenigmocrinus, A New Chesteran Inadunate Crinoid Genus. Part 4. The Inadunate Crinoid Genus Heliosocrinus. Part 5. Notes on Mississippian Ampelocrinidae. Part 6. Articulate Crinoid (Isocrinus) from Jurassic Rocks of Prince Patrick Island, Canada. Part 7. Tegminal Structure of Some Inadunate Crinoids. Part 8. Tegmen of Camptocrinus. Strimple, H.L. and R.C. Moore (1971). Crinoids of the LaSalle Limestone (Pennsylvanian) of Illinois. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 55, Echinodermata 11. Strimple, H.L. and R.C. Moore (1971). Crinoids of the Francis Shale (Missourian) of Oklahoma. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 55. Strimple, H.L., et al. (1971). Fossil Crinoid Studies. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 56. Part 1. The Family Diphuicrinidae. Part 2. Pennsylvanian Crinoids from Alaska. Part 3. The Occurrence of Hydriocrinus in Oklahoma and Russia. Part 4. Notes on Delocrinus and Endelocrinus from the Lane Shale (Missourian) of Kansas City. Part 5. A New Mississippian Ampelocrinid. Part 6. Notes on Stenopicrinus and Perimestocrinus. Part 7. Agnosticrinus from the Upper Permian of Texas. Part 8. A Crinoid Crown from d'Orbigny's Famous Fossil Locality at Yaurichampi, Bolivia. Part 9. Pennsylvanian Crinoids from the Pinkerton Trail Limestone, Molas Lake, Colorado. Strimple, H.L., et al. (1969). Fossil Crinoid Studies. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 42. Part 1. New Lecanocrinid from Pennsylvanian of Oklahoma. Part 2. Upper Pennsylvanian Anobasicrinid from New Mexico. Part 3. Pennsylvanian Crinoids from Oklahoma and Ohio. Part 4. Two Upper Devonian Crinoids. Part 5. New Crinoid from the Gilmore City Formation, Lower Mississippian of Iowa. Part 6. New Erisocrinid from Nebraska. Thomka, J.R., et al. (2012). The Utility of Isolated Crinoid Ossicles and Fragmentary Crinoid Remains in Taphonomic and Paleoenvironmental Analysis: An Example from the Upper Pennsylvanian of Oklahoma, United States. PALIOS, Vol.27. Van Sant, J.F. and N.G. Lane (1964). Crawfordsville (Indiana) Crinoid Studies. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 35, Echinodermata 7. Webster, G.D. (1987). Crinoids from the Anchor Limestone (Lower Mississippian) of the Monte Cristo Group, Southern Nevada. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 119. Webster, G.D. and B.S. Kues (2006). Pennsylvanian crinoids of New Mexico. New Mexico Geology, Vol.28, Number 1. Whitfield, R.P. (1900). Description of a new crinoid from Indiana. 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The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 24. Lane, N.G. and G.D. Webster (1967). Symmetry Planes of Paleozoic Crinoids. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 25. Miller, J.S. (1821). A Natural History of the Crinoidea, or Lily-Shaped Animals: With Observations on the Genera, Asteria, Euryale, Comatula & Marsupites. Bristol: C.Frost. (270 pages, 38.0MB download) Macurda, D.B. and M. Roux (1981). The Skeletal Morphology of the Isocrinid Crinoids Annacrinus wyvillethomsoni and Diplocrinus maclearanus.Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.25, Number 9. Moore, R.C. (1962). Ray Structures of Some Inadunate Crinoids. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 29. (Download from site.) Moore. R.C. (1962). Revision of Calceocrinidae. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 28, Echinodermata 4. Moore, R.C. and R.M. Jeffords (1968). Classification and Nomenclature of Fossil Crinoids Based On Studies of Dissociated Parts of Their Columns. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Serial Number 46, Article 9. Moore, R.C., R.M. Jeffords and T.H. Miller (1968). Morphological Features of Crinoid Columns. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 45, Echinodermata 8. Simms, M.J. and G.D. Sevastopulo (1993). The Origin of Articulate Crinoids. Palaeontology, Vol.36, Part 1. Permian Crinoids Buitrón-Sánchez, B.E., E. Almazán-Vázquez and D. Vachard (2007). Middle Permian crinoids (Echinodermata, Crinoidea) from Cerros Los Monos, Caborca, Sonora, Mexico and paleogeographic implications. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas. Vol.24, Number 3. Donovan, S.K. and G.D. Webster (2015). A Permian Barycrinus? Wachsmuth (Crinoidea, Cladida) from Timor. Alcheringa, 40. Foote, M. (1995). Morphology of Carboniferous and Permian Crinoids. 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Masters Thesis - The University of Texas at Austin.
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