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Found 5 results

  1. Dentalium attenuatum

    A nice Dentalium from a site where they are very common. Most a in very poor shape or crumble when touched.
  2. Scaphopod

    From the album @Max-fossils 's Zandmotor Finds

    A scaphopod, or tusk shell, fossil found on the Zandmotor. From the Eemian of the late Pleistocene (approx 120'000 years old). My first personal find of a scaphopod fossil!

    © Max Dereme

  3. Tusk shell

    A scaphopod, or tusk shell, fossil. Found on the Zandmotor beach (artificial beach extension). From the Eemian age of the late Pleistocene (approx 120'000 years old). My first personal scaphopod find
  4. Hi Fossil Forum, I need help in identifying a fossil my friend found in middle Georgia. The area where he found it has been reported to have fossils from the Ordovician Period. It was found in a soft limestone sedimentary rock and appears to be a tusk shell or a sea urchin spine. Any idea what this is? Thanks, Darren ​
  5. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since May 24, 2018. Phylum Mollusca Family Odontogriphidae (affinity with Mollusca uncertain) Caron, J.-B., et al. (2006). A soft-bodied mollusc with radula from the Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale. Nature, 442(7099). Ritchie, A. and G.D. Edgecombe (2001). An Odontogriphid from the Upper Permian of Australia. Palaeontology, Vol.44, Part 5. Smith, M.R. (2012). Mouthparts of the Burgess Shale fossils Odontogriphus and Wiwaxia: implications for the ancestral molluscan radula. Proc.R.Soc. B, 279. Family Wiwaxiidae (affinity with Mollusca uncertain) Fatka, O., P. Kraft and M. Szabad (2011). Shallow-water occurrence of Wiwaxia in the middle Cambrian of the Barrandian area, Czech Republic. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 56(4). Smith, M.R. (2013). Ontogeny, Morphology and Taxonomy of the Soft-Bodied Cambrian 'Mollusc' Wiwaxia. Palaeontology. (Thanks to doushantuo for posting this one!) Smith, M.R. (2012). Mouthparts of the Burgess Shale fossils Odontogriphus and Wiwaxia: implications for the ancestral molluscan radula. Proc.R.Soc. B, 279. Sun, H.-J., et al. (2014). New Wiwaxia material from the Tsinghsutung Formation (Cambrian Series 2) of Eastern Guizhou, China. Geol.Mag., 151(2). Yang, J., et al. (2014). Articulated Wiwaxia from the Cambrian Stage 3 Xiaoshiba Lagerstätte. Scientific Reports, 4:4643. Zhang, Z., M.R. Smith and D. Shu (2015). New reconstruction of the Wiwaxia scleritome, with data from Chengjiang juveniles. Scientific Reports, 5:14810. Zhao, F.C., et al. (2014). First report of Wiwaxia from the Cambrian Chengjiang Lagerstätte. Geological Magazine, 152(2). Class Helcionelloida Atkins, C.J. and J.S. Peel (2008). Yochelcionella (Mollusca, Helcionelloida) from the Lower Cambrian of North America. Bulletin of Geosciences, 83(1). Atkins, C.J. and J.S. Peel (2004). New species of Yochelcionella (Mollusca; Helcionelloida) from the Lower Cambrian of North Greenland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, Vol.51. Gubanov, A.P. and J.S. Peel (2003). The Early Cambrian Helcionelloid Mollusc Anabarella Vostokova. Palaeontology, Vol.46, Part 5. Gubanov, A.P. and J.S. Peel (2001). Latest Helcionelloid Molluscs from the Lower Ordovician of Kazakhstan. Palaeontology, Vol.44, Part 4. Gubanov, A.P. and J.S. Peel (2000). Cambrian monoplacophoran molluscs (Class Helcionelloida). American Malacological Bulletin, 15(2). Gubanov, A.P. and J.S. Peel (1999). Oelandiella, The Earliest Cambrian Helcionelloid Mollusc from Siberia. Palaeontology, Vol.42, Part 2. Gubanov, A.P. and J.S. Peel (1998). Redescription of the type species of Latouchella Cobbold, 1921 (Mollusca) from the Lower Cambrian of Comley, England. GFF, Vol.120. Gubanov, A.P., C.B. Skovsted and J.S. Peel (2004). Anabarella australis (Mollusca, Helcionelloida) from the Lower Cambrian of Greenland. Geobios, 37. Gubanov, A.P., et al. (2004). Middle Cambrian molluscs of 'Australian' aspect from northern Siberia. Alcheringa, 28. Jacquet, S.M. and G.A. Brock (2015). Lower Cambrian helcionelloid macromolluscs from South Australia. Gondwana Research, xxx. (Article in press) Jacquet, S.M., J.B. Jago and G.A. Brock (2016). An enigmatic univalve macromollusc from the lower Cambrian (Series 2, Stage 3) Heatherdale Shale, South Australia. Australasian Palaeontological Memoirs, 49. Morris, S.C. and J.S. Peel (2013). A New Helcionelloid Mollusk from the Middle Cambrian Burgess Shale, Canada. Journal of Paleontology, 87(6). Parkhaev, P.Yu. (2014). Protoconch Morphology and Peculiarities of the Early Ontogeny of the Cambrian Helcionelloid Mollusks. Paleontological Journal, Vol.48, Number 4. Parkhaev, P.Yu. (2014). Structure of Shell Muscles in the Cambrian Gastropod Genus Bemella (Gastropoda: Archaeobranchia: Helcionellidae). Paleontologica Journal, Vol.48, Number 1 Parkhaev, P.Yu. (2006). On the Genus Auricullina Vassiljeva, 1998 and Shell Pores of the Cambrian Helcionelloid Mollusks. Paleontological Journal, Vol.40, Number 1. Parkhaev, P.Yu. (2005). Two New Species of the Cambrian Helcionelloid Mollusks from the Northern Part of the Siberian Platform. Paleontological Journal, Vol.39, Number 6. Parkhaev, P.Yu. (2004). New Data on the Morphology of Shell Muscles in Cambrian Helcionelloid Mollusks. Paleontological Journal, Vol.38, Number 3. Parkhaev, P.Yu. (2001). Trenella bifrons: A New Helcionelloid Mollusk from the Lower Cambrian of South Australia. Paleontological Journal, Vol.35, Number 6. Skovsted, C.B., G.A. Brock and T.P. Topper. First occurrence of a new Ocruranus-like helcionelloid mollusc from the lower Cambrian of East Gondwana. Tortello, M.F. and N.M. Sabattini (2011). Totoralia, a new conical-shaped mollusk from the Cambrian of western Argentina. Geologica Acta, Vol. 9, Number 2. Vendrasco, M.J. and A.G. Checa (2015). Shell microstructure and its inheritance in the calcitic helcionellid Mackinnonia. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 64, 1. Vendrasco, M.J., et al. (2011). Phylogeny and escalation in Mellopegma and other Cambrian molluscs. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol. 14, Issue 2. Wotte, T. (2006). New Middle Cambrian Molluscs from the Láncara Formation of the Cantabrian Mountains (North-Western Spain). Revista Española de Paleontología, 21(2). Class Hyolitha (Affiity with Mollusca Uncertain-may belong with Brachiopoda) Hyolitha - Africa/Middle East Hiller, N. (1990). Devonian Hyoliths in South Africa, And Their Palaeoenvironmental Significance. Palaeont.afr., 27. Mus, M.M. (2016). A hyolithid with preserved soft parts from the Ordovician Fezouata Konservat-Lagerstätte of Morocco. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 460. Valent, M. and J. Corbacho (2015). Pauxillites thaddei, A New Ordovician Hyolith from Morocco. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B - Historia Naturalis, Vol.171, Numbers 1-2. Valent, M., J. Corbacho and D. Martinez (2013). Hyolith localities of Zagora region (Morocco), Upper Fezouata Formation (Lower Ordovician). Batalleria, 19. Hyolitha - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Feng, W., X. Mu and A.V. Kouchinsky (2001). Hyolith-type microstructure in a mollusc-like fossil from the Early Cambrian of Yunnan, China. Lethaia, Vol.34. Skovsted, C.B., et al. (2016). The operculum and mode of life of the lower Cambrian hyolith Cupitheca from South Australia and North China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 443. Sun, H.-J., et al. (2018). Palaeobiology of orthothecide hyoliths from the Cambrian Manto Formation of Hebei Province, North China. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 63(1). Sun, H.-J., et al. (2017). Feeding strategy and locomotion of Cambrian hyolithides. Palaeoworld, xxx. (Article in press) Sun, H.-J., et al. (2016). Three-dimensionally preserved digestive systems of two Cambrian hyolithides (Hyolitha). Bulletin of Geosciences, 91(1). Sun, H.-J., et al. (2016). Systematics and palaeobiology of some Cambrian hyoliths from Guizhou, China and Nevada, USA. Alcheringa, 41(xx). Sun, H.-J., et al. (2014). Hyolithids and associated trace fossils from the Balang Formation (Cambrian Stage 4), Guizhou, China. Palaeoworld, xxx. (Article in press) Hyolitha - Australia/New Zealand Skovsted, C.B., et al. (2016). The operculum and mode of life of the lower Cambrian hyolith Cupitheca from South Australia and North China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 443. Skovsted, C.B., et al. (2013). Associated conchs and opercula of Triplicatella disdoma (Hyolitha) from the early Cambrian of South Australia. Alcheringa, 38. Hyolitha - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Berg-Madsen, V. and J.M. Malinky (1999). A Revision of Holm's Late Mid and Late Cambrian Hyoliths of Sweden. Palaeontology, Vol.42, Part 5. Devaere, L., et al. (2014). Terreneuvian Orthothecid (Hyolitha) Digestive Tracts from Northern Montagne Noire, France: Taphonomic, Ontogenetic and Phylogenetic Implications. PLoS ONE, 9(2). Kouchinsky, A.V. (2000). Skeletal microstructures of hyoliths from the Early Cambrian of Siberia. Alcheringa, 24. Malinky, J.M. (2007). Hyolitha from the Early Paleozoic glacial erratic boulders (Geschiebe) of Germany and Poland. Fossil Record, 10(2). Malinky, J.M. (2002). A Revision of Early to Mid Ordovician Hyoliths from Sweden. Palaeontology, Vol.45, Part 3. Malinky, J.M. and V. Berg-Madsen (1999). A Revision of Holm's Early and Early Mid Cambrian Hyoliths of Sweden. Palaeontology, Vol.42, Part 1. Malinky, J.M. and C.B. Skovsted (2004). Hyoliths and small shelly fossils from the Lower Cambrian of North-East Greenland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 49(4). Malinky, J.M., R.H. Mapes, and T.W. Broadhead (1986). New Late Palaeozoic Hyolitha (Mollusca) from Oklahoma and Texas, and Their Palaeoenvironmental Significance. Palaeontology, Vol.29, Part 2. Marek, L. (1989). The hyoliths of the Kraluv Dvur Formation (Bohemian Ordovician). Sbor.geol.ved, Paleontologie, 30. Novozhilova, N.V. (2013). Spinitheca gen.nov. - A New Orthothecimorph Hyolith Genus from the Lower Cambrian of the Siberian Platform. Paleontological Journal, Vol.47, Number 2. Peel, J.S. (2010). Articulated hyoliths and other fossils from the Sirius Passet Lagerstatte (early Cambrian) of North Greenland. Bulletin of Geosciences, 85(3). Valent, M. (2006). Stratigraphic Distribution of the Class Hyolitha (Mollusca) in the Barrandian Area (Czech Republic). Acta Universitatis Carolinae - Geologica, 2003, 47. Valent, M. (2004). Biometric analysis of opercula of Oboedalites oboediens Marek, 1981 (Hyolitha; Middle Cambrian, Skryje-Týřovice Basin, Barrandian area, Czech Republic). Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 49/3. Valent, M. and O. Fatka (2013). Gracilitheca astronauta n.sp. and Nephrotheca sophia n,sp, (Hyolitha, Orthocecida) from the Cambrian of Czech Republic. Annales de Paleontologie, 99. Valent, M. and J.M. Malinky (2008). Early Devonian (Emsian) hyolith Ottomarites discors (Barrande, 1867) with colour pattern. Bulletin of Geosciences, 83(4). Valent, M., O. Fatka and L. Marek (2012). Gracilitheca and Nephrotheca (Hyolitha, Orthothecida) in the Cambrian of the Barrandian area, Czech Republic. Alcheringa, 37. Valent, M., et al. (2015). Skryjelites auritus gen. et sp.nov. and Quasimolites quasimodo gen. et sp.nov. - two new middle Cambrian hyolithids (?Mollusca) from the Czech Republic. Zootaxa, 4007(3). Valent, M., et al. (2012). Two new orthothecids from the Cambrian of the Barrandian area (Hyolitha, Skryje-Tyrovice Basin, Czech Republic). Bulletin of Geosciences, 87(2). Valent, M., et al. (2009). Jincelites vogeli gen. et sp.nov. (Hyolitha) from the Cambrian of the Czech Republic (Příbram-Jince Basin, Teplá-Barrandian region). Bulletin of Geosciences, 84(1). Wotte, T. (2006). New Middle Cambrian Molluscs from the Láncara Formation of the Cantabrian Mountains (North-Western Spain). Revista Española de Paleontología, 21(2). Hyolitha - North America Malinky, J.M. (1990). Solenotheca, New Hyolitha (Mollusca) from the Ordovician of North America. Proc.Biol.Soc.Wash., 103(2). Malinky, J.M. and S. Sixt (1990). Early Mississippian Hyolitha from Northern Iowa. Palaeontology, Vol.33, Part 2. Malinky, J.M., R.H. Mapes, and T.W. Broadhead (1986). New Late Palaeozoic Hyolitha (Mollusca) from Oklahoma and Texas, and Their Palaeoenvironmental Significance. Palaeontology, Vol.29, Part 2. Sun, H.-J., et al. (2016). Three-dimensionally preserved digestive systems of two Cambrian hyolithides (Hyolitha). Bulletin of Geosciences, 91(1). Sun, H., et al. (2016). Systematics and palaeobiology of some Cambrian hyoliths from Guizhou, China and Nevada, USA. Alcheringa, 41(xx). Hyolitha - South America/Central America/Caribbean Marek, L. and P.E. Isaacson (1992). Devonian Hyoliths from Bolivia. J.Paleont., 66(1). Pagani, M.A., N. Sabattini, and M.F. Tortello (2005). A new Species of Hyolitha from the Late Cambrian of Northwestern Argentina. Correlacion Geologica, Number 19. General Hyolitha Dzik, J. (1980). Ontogeny of Bactrotheca and related hyoliths. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, Vol.102, Part 3. Dzik, J. (1978). Larval development of hyolithids. Lethaia, Vol.11. Mus, M.M., L. Jeppsson and J.M. Malinky (2014). A Complete Reconstruction of the Hyolithid Skeleton. Journal of Paleontology, 88(1). Valent, M. (2010). Palaeogeographic distribution of Ordovician hyoliths. Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series, Vol.179(17). Valent, M., O. Fatka and L. Marek (2017). Slapylitidae: a new family of hyolithids (Cambrian-?Devonian; Baltica, Laurentia, Gondwana). PalZ. Valent, M., et al. (2008). Hyoliths With Entombed Trilobites - Cryptic Behaviour of Trilobites? In: Advances in trilobite research. Rabano, I., R. Gozalo and D. Garcia-Bellido (eds.), Cuadernos de Museo Geominero, Number 9. Class incertae sedis Skovsted, C.B., et al. (2007). Early Cambrian record of failed durophagy and shell repair in an epibenthic mollusc. Biol.Lett. (2007), 3. Class Polyplacophora - Chitons and Their Allies Polyplacophora - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Hoare, R.D. and H. Karasawa (2008). Permian Polyplacophora (Mollusca) from the Akasaka Limestone, Gifu, Japan. Paleontological Research, Vol.12, Number 4. Sengupta, S., A. Chakraborty and H.N. Battacharya (1999). Fossil Polyplacophora (Mollusca) from Upper Talchir Sediments of Dudhi Nala, Hazaribagh, Bihar. Journal Geological Society of India, Vol.54. Polyplacophora - Australia/New Zealand Ashby, E. (1929). New Zealand Fossil Polyplacophora (Chitons). Trans.N.Z.Inst., Vol.60. Ashby, E. (1921). Description of a New Fossil Species of Loricella (Order Polyplacophora) With Remarks on Some Undescribed Characters Present in Loricella angasi, AD. and ANG., and L. torri, Ashby. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania. Ashby, E. and W.G. Torr (1901). Fossil Polyplacophora from Eocene Beds of Muddy Creek, Mornington (Schnapper Point) and Moorabool, Victoria, with Definition of Nine New Species, and Notes on Others. Gowlett-Holmes, K.L. and B.J. McHenry (1988). A New Species of Tertiary Chiton (Mollusca: Polyplacophora: Acanthochitonidae) from South Australia. Trans.R.Soc.S.Aust., 112(2). Hoare, R.D. and J.R. Farrell (2004). Lower Devonian Polyplacophora from New South Wales, Australia. Palaeontology, Vol.47, Part 6. Polyplacophora - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Baluk, W. (1971). Lower Tortonian chitons from the Korytnica clays, southern slopes of the Holy Cross Mts. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.21, Number 3. Bertolaso, L., et al. (2015). A new Miocene deep-sea chiton and early evidence for Teredinidae-stained wood-fall communities. Palaeontologia Electronica, 18.2.41A. Candela, Y., L. Cherns and L. Troalen (2014). First record of a polyplacophoran from the Southern Uplands of Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology, 50(1). Cherns, L. (1998). Silurian Polyplacophoran Molluscs from Gotland, Sweden. Palaeontology, Vol.41, Part 5. Cherns, L. (1998). Chelodes and Closely Related Polyplacophora (Mollusca) from the Silurian of Gotland, Sweden. Palaeontology, Vol.41, Part 3. Dell'Angelo, B. and S. Palazzi (1992). First record of a species of Polyplacophora in the Italian Oligocene. J.Malac.Soc. Aust., 13. Dell'Angelo, B. and C.M. da Silva (2003). Polyplacophora from the Pliocene of Vale de Freixo: Central-West Portugal. Bollettino Malacologico, Roma, 39(1-4). Dell'Angelo, B., E. Quaggiotto and M. Sosso (2015). New data on Stenoplax veneta (Mollusca: Polyplacophora: Ischochitonidae) from the Oligocene of Italy. Boll.Malacol., 51. Dell'Angelo, B., M. Grigis and A. Bonfitto (2007). Notes on fossil chitons. 2. Polyplacophora from the Middle Miocene of Lapugiu (Romania). Boll.Malacol., 43(1-8). Dell'Angelo, B., B. Landau and R. Marquet (2004). Polyplacophora from the Early Pliocene of Estepona (Malaga, southwest Spain). Bollettino Malacologico, Roma, Supplemento 5. Dell'Angelo, B., et al. (2016). Polyplacophotra from the Miocene of North Italy. Part 2: Callochitonidae, Lepidochitonidae, Acanthochitonidae and Cryptoplacidae. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.122(3). Dell'Angelo, B., et al. (2015). Polyplacophora from the Miocene of North Italy. Part 1: Leptochitonidae, Hanleyidae, Ischnochitonidae and Callistoplacidae. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.121, Number 2. Dell'Angelo, B., et al. (2015). Polyplacophora from the Eocene of Gánt, Hungary. Bulletin of Geosciences, 90(2). Dell'Angelo, B., et al. (2014). Notes on Fossil Chitons. 6. A new species of Stenoplax (Mollusca Polyplacophora) from the Miocene of NW Italy. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 53(1). Dell'Angelo, B., et al. (2013). Notes on Fossil Chitons, 5. Polyplacophora from the Pliocene of Western Liguria, Northwest Italy. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.119, Number 1. Dell'Angelo, B., et al. (2012). Notes on Fossil Chitons, 4. Polyplacophora from the Pliocene of Altavilla (NW Sicily). Boll.Malacol., 48(1). Garilli, V., B. Dell'Angelo and E. Vardala-Theodorou (2005). Polyplacophora from the Pleistocene of Kyllini (NW Peloponnese, Greece). Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 44(2). Koskeridou, E., E. Verdala-Theodorou and P. Moissette (2009). Pliocene and Pleistocene shallow-water chitons (Mollusca) from Rhodes Island, Greece. N.Jb.Geol.Palaont. Abh., Vol.251/3. Kroh, A. (2003). The Polyplacophora (Mollusca) of the Langhian (Lower Badenian) of the Molasse Zone and the northern Vienna Basin (Austria). Ann.Naturhist.Mus. Wien, 104A. Malatesta, A. Mediterranean Polyplacophora Cenozoic and Recent. Geologica Romana, Vol.1. Ruman, A. and H.N. Hudackova (2015). Middle Miocene chitons (Polyplacophora) from the Slovak part of the Vienna Basin and the Danube Basin (Central Paratethys). Acta Geologica Slovakia, 7(2). Sigwart, J.D., S.B. Andersen, and K.I. Schnetler (2007). First record of a chiton from the Palaeocene of Denmark (Polyplacophora: Leptochitonidae) and its phylogenetic affinities. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 5(2). Sirenko, B.I. (2013). Four New Species and One New Genus of Jurassic Chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora: Lepidopleurida) from the Middle Russian Sea. Proceedings of the Zoological Instutute RAS, Vol.317, Number 1. Sirenko, B.I. and B. Dell'Angelo (2015). Makarenkoplax Gen.Nov. and Makarenkoplacidae Fam.Nov. (Mollusca: Polyplacophora: Chitonida) From the Palaeogene of the Ukraine. Proceedings of the Geological Institute RAS, Vol.319, Number 4. Studencka, B. and A. Dulai (2010). Chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from the Middle Miocene sandy facies of Ukraine, Central Paratethys. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol.60, Number 2. Polyplacophora - North America Dell'Angelo, B., A. Bonfitto and M. Taviani (2011). Chitons (Polyplacophora) from Paleogene Strata in Western Washington State, U.S.A. Journal of Paleontology, 85(5). Hoare, R.D. (2009). Aesthete Canals in the Chiton Euleptochiton spatulatus (Polyplacophora, Mollusca) from the Pennsylvanian of Ohio. Ohio Journal of Science, Vol.109, Issue 3. Hoare, R.D. (1999). New Occurrences and a New Species of Pennsylvanian Polyplacophorans (Mollusca) in Ohio. Ohio J.Sci., 99(3). Hoare, R.D. (1976). Lobarochiton, New Generic Designation for Gryphochiton? anomalus (Rowley) (Polyplacophora). Ohio J.Sci., 76(3). Hoare, R.D. and J. Pojeta (2006). Ordovician Polyplacophora (Mollusca) from North America. The Paleontological Society. Pojeta, J., M.J. Vendrasco and G. Darrough (2010). Upper Cambrian Chitons (Mollusca, Polyplacophora) from Missouri, USA. Bulletins of American Paleontology, Number 379. Pojeta, J., et al. (2003). Echinochiton dufoei: A New Spiny Ordovician Chiton. J.Paleont., 77(4). Smith, A.G. and D.F. Toomey (1964). Chitons from the Kindblade Formation (Lower Ordovician), Arbuckle Mountains, Southern Oklahoma. Oklahoma Geological Survey, Circular 66. Squires, R.L. and J.L. Goedert (1995). An Extant Species of Leptochiton (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) in Eocene and Oligocene Cold-Seep Limestones, Olympic Peninsula, Washington. The Veliger, 38(1). Vendrasco, M.J. and B.N. Runnegar (2004). Late Cambrian and Early Ordovician Stem Group Chitons (Mollusca: Polyplacophora) from Utah and Missouri. J.Paleont., 78(4). Vendrasco, M.J., T.E. Wood and B.N. Runnegar (2004). Advanced Palaeozoic fossil with 17 plates greatly expands disparity of early chitons. Nature, Vol.429. Vendrasco, M.J., et al. (2012). Polyplacophora (Mollusca) from the San Diego Formation: A Remarkable Assemblage of Fossil Chitons from the Pliocene of Southern California. Contributions in Science, Vol.520. Polyplacophora - South America/Central America/Caribbean Gordillo, S. and E. Schwabe (2009). First Quaternary fossil record of Polyplacophorans from southern South America. Geobios, 42. Rojas, A. and D. Urteaga (2011). Late Pleistocene and Holocene chitons (Mollusca, Polyplacophora) from Uruguay: Palaeobiogeography and palaeoenvironmental reconstruction in mid latitudes of the southwestern Atlantic. Geobios, 44. Urteaga, D., M. Griffin and G. Pastorino (2011). Callochiton monteleonensis N.Sp., First Record of Polyplacophora (Mollusca) from the Neogene of Argentina. Journal of Paleontology, 85(6). General Polyplacophora Hoare, R.D. and R.H. Mapes (1995). Relationships of the Devonian Strobilepis and related Pennsylvanian problematica. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 40(2). Puchalski, S.S., D.J. Eernisse and C.C. Johnson (2008). The effect of sampling bias on the fossil records of chitons (Mollusca, Polyplacophora). Amer.Malac.Bull., 25. Schwabe, E. (2010). Illustrated summary of chiton terminology (Mollusca, Polyplacophora). Spixiana, 33(2). Class Scaphopoda - Tusk Shells Donovan, S.K. and J.W.M. Jagt (2012). Dentaliids (Mollusca, Scaphopoda) from the type Maastrichtian, the Netherlands and Belgium. In: Fossils of the type Maastrichtian (Part 1). Donovan, S.K. and E.A. Jagt-Yazykova (eds.), Scripta Geologica Special Issue 8. Engeser, T.S., F. Riedel and K. Bandel (1993). Early ontogenetic shells of Recent and fossil Scaphopoda. Scripta Geol., Special Issue 2. Godefroid, J. B. Mottequin and E.L. Yochelson (2006). Restudy of the Lower Carboniferous Scaphopoda Described by de Koninck (1843, 1883). Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 76. Hodgkinson, K.A. (1974). Stone City and Cook Mountain (Middle Eocene) Scaphopods from Southwest Texas. The University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Paper 70. Klompmaker, A.A. (2011). Drilling and crushing predation on scaphopods from the Miocene of the Netherlands. Lethaia, 44(4). Peel, J.S. (2004). Pinnocaris and the origin of scaphopods. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 49(4). Rohr, D.M., R.B. Blodgett and J. Baichtal (2006). Scaphopoda from the Alexander Terrane, Southeast Alaska - The first occurrence of Scaphopoda in the Silurian. Palaeoworld, 15. Steiner, G. and A.R. Kabat (2004). Catalogue of species-group names of Recent and fossil Scaphopoda (Mollusca). Zoosystema, 46(4). Steiner, G. and A.R. Kabat (2001). Catalogue of supraspecific taxa of Scaphopoda (Mollusca). Zoosystema, 23(3). Yochelson, E.L. (2004). The record of the early "Scaphopoda" (?Mollusca) reevaluated. Ann.Naturhist.Mus. Wien, 106A. Class Tergomya Berg-Madsen, V. and J.S. Peel (1994). A Tergomyan Mollusc from the Upper Cambrian of Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.37, Part 3. Ebbestad, J.O.R. and E.L. Yochelson (1999). Isotrophic molluscs (Tergomya and Gastropoda) from the Upper Ordovician of Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tiddskrift, Vol.80. Evans, D.H. and J.C.W. Cope (2003). Systematic Position of Pollicina corniculum (Eichwald, 1860)(Mollusca, Tergomya) from the Middle Ordovician of the United Kingdom. Palaeontology, Vol.46, Part 1. Horný, R.J. (2009). Patelliconus Horný, 1961 and Mytoconula gen.n. (Mollusca, Tergomya) from the Ordovician of Perunica. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B - Historia Naturalis, Vol.65, Numbers 1-2. Class Tentaculitoidea (Affiity with Mollusca Uncertain - may belong with Annelida) Agematsu, S., et al. (2006). Lower Devonian tentaculite bed in the Satun area, southern peninsular Thailand. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 26. Berkyova, S., J. Fryda and P. Lukes (2007). Unsuccessful predation on Middle Paleozoic plankton: Shell injury and anomalies in Devonian dacryoconarid tentaculites. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 52(2). Bond, D. (2006). The fate of the homoctenids (Tentaculitoidea) during the Frasnian-Famennian mass extinction (Late Devonian). Geobiology, 4. Berkyova, S. (2004). Middle Devonian Tentaculitoidea from the late generation of fillings of the neptunian ###### in the Koneprusy area (Prague Basin, Czech Republic). Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 49/3-4. Berkyova, S., J. Fryda and P. Lukes (2007). Unsuccessful predation on Middle Paleozoic plankton: Shell injury and anomalies in Devonian dacryoconarid tentaculites. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 52(2). Filipiak, P. and A. Jarzynka (2009). Organic remains of tentaculitids: New Evidence from Upper Devonian of Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 54(1). Hajlasz, B. (1974). Tentaculites of the Upper Silurian and Lower Devonian of Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, Vol.XIX, Number 4. Niko, S. (2000). Youngest Record of Tentaculitoids: Hidagaienites New Genus from Near the Carboniferous-Permian Boundary in Central Japan. J.Paleont., 74(3). Tunnicliff, S.P. (1989). An Early Record of Probable Nowakiid Tentaculitoids from Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.32, Part 3. Tunnicliff, S.P. (1983). The Oldest Known Nowakiid (Tentaculitoidea). Palaeontology, Vol.26, Part 4. Vinn, O. (2010). Adaptive strategies in the evolution of encrusting tentaculitoid tubeworms. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 292. Vinn, O. (2006). Tentaculitoid affinities of the tubeworm-like fossil Tymbochoos sinclairi (Okulitch, 1937). from the Ordovician of North America. Geobios, 39. Vinn, O. (2005). A new cornulitid genus from the Silurian of Gotland, Sweden. GFF, Vol.127(Part 3). Vinn, O. and M.A. Wilson (2013). Silurian cornulitids of Estonia (Baltica). Notebooks on Geology, Article 2013/09. Vinn, O. and M. Zaton (2012). Phenetic phylogenetics of tentaculitoids - extinct, problematic calcareous tube-forming organisms. GFF, Vol.134. Vokes, H.E. (1938). A Large Tentaculites from the Shriver Formation (Oriskany) of Pennsylvania. American Museum Novitates, Number 984. Zaton, M. and P.D. Taylor (2009). Microconchids (Tentaculita) from the Middle Jurassic of Poland. Bulletin of Geosciences, 84(4). Zhan, R. and O. Vinn (2007). Conulitid epibionts on brachiopod shells from the Late Ordovician (middle Ashgill) of East China. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 56(2). General Mollusca General Mollusca - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Nath, K.S. (2013). Late Pliocene (Piacenzian Stage) Fossil Molluscs from Upper Siwalik Subgroup of Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India. International Research Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol.1(4). General Mollusca - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Harzhauser, M., O. Mandic and J. Schlögl (2011). A late Burdigalian bathyal mollusc fauna from the Vienna Basin (Slovakia). Geologia Carpathica, 62(3). Jeffery, P. and S. Tracey (1997). The Early Eocene London Clay Formation mollusc fauna of the former Bursledon Brickworks, Lower Swanwick, Hampshire. Tertiary Research, 17(3+4). Schnetler, K.I. and C. Heilmann-Clausen (2011). The molluscan fauna of the Eocene Lillebaelt Clay, Denmark. Cainozoic Research, 8(1-2). General Mollusca - North America Allison, R.C. and L. Marincovich (1981). A Late Oligocene or Earliest Miocene Molluscan Fauna from Sitkinak Island, Alaska. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1233. Cobban, W.A., S.C. Hook and K.C. McKinney (2008). Upper Cretaceous molluscan record along a transect from Virden, New Mexico, to Del Rio, Texas. New Mexico Geology, Vol.30, Number 3. Glawe, L.N., J.F. Anderson and D.E. Bell (2014). Late Paleocene examples of residual coloration and embryonic features in juvenile marine mollusks from Northwest Louisiana. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.17, Issue 2. (Thanks to Oxytropidoceras for this one.) Hartman, J.H. (1993). The Stratigraphy of Mesozoic and Cenozoic Nonmarine Molluscs of Colorado. Colorado Paleontology 1993 - A Symposium in Memory of John Jenkins, Denver Museum of Natural History. Leonard, A.B. (1952). Illinoian and Wisconsinan Molluscan Faunas in Kansas. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 9, Mollusca 4. Leonard, A.B. (1950). A Yarmouthian Molluscan Fauna in the Midcontinent Region of the United States. University of Kansas Paleontological Contributions, Article 8, Mollusca 3. (Download from site.) Marincovich, L. (1988). Miocene Molluscs from the Lower Part of the Bear Lake Formation on Ukolnoi Island, Alaska Peninsula, Alaska. Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Number 397. Merewether, E.A., D.A. Sawyer and W.A. Cobban (2006). Molluscan Fossils and Stratigraphic Descriptions from the Upper Cretaceous Mancos Shale, West-Central Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1326. Moore, E.J. (1968). Fossil Mollusks of San Diego County. San Diego Society of Natural History, Occasional Paper 15. (Thanks to Nimravus for finding this one.) Novack-Gottshall, P.M. and A.I. Miller (2003). Comparative Taxonomic Richness and Abundance of Late Ordovician Gastropods and Bivalves in Mollusc-rich Strata of the Cincinnati Arch. Palaios, Vol.18. Pierce, H.G. (1975). Diversity of Late Cenozoic Gastropods on the Southern High Plains. Ph.D. Dissertation - Texas Tech University. Shattuck, G.B. (1903). The Mollusca of the Buda Limestone with an Appendix on the Corals of the Buda Limestone. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin Number 205, Series C, Systematic Geology and Paleontology, 59. Squires, R.L. (1999). Middle Eocene Brackish-Marine Mollusks from the Matalija Sandstone at Matilija Hot Springs, Ventura County, Southern California.Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Number 480. Squires, R.L, et al. (2006). New Information on Molluscan Paleontology and Depositional Environments of the Upper Pliocene Pico Formation, Valencia Area, Los Angeles County, Southern California.Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Number 511. Taylor, D.W. (1983). Later Tertiary Mollusks from the Lower Colorado River Valley. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michgan, Vol.26, Number 13. Tuthill, S.J. (1963). Molluscan Fossils from Upper Glacial Lake Agassiz Sediments in Red Lake County, Minnesota. North Dakota Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Series Number 20. Yochelson, E.L. and B.W. Saunders (1967). A Bibliographic Index of North American Late Paleozoic Hyolitha, Amphineura, Scaphopoda and Gastropoda. Geological Survey Bulletin 1210. General Mollusca - South America/Central America/Caribbean Vokes, H.E. (1938). Upper Miocene Mollusca from Springvale, Trinidad, British West Indies. American Museum Novitates, Number 988. Wesselingh, F.P. (2006). Molluscs from the Miocene Pebas Formation of Peruvian and Colombian Amazonia. Scripta Geologica, 133. (272 pages) General Mollusca Dietl, G.P. (2002). Predators and Dangerous Prey in the Fossil Record: Evolution of the Busyconine Whelk - Mercenaria Predator-Prey System. Ph.D. Dissertation - North Carolina State University. Vendrasco, M.J., et al. (2011). Phylogeny and escalation in Mellopegma and other Cambrian molluscs. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.14, Number 2.
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