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Fruitbat's Pdf Library - Family Felidae - Cats And Their Relatives


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These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing.

MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source.


If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you.

 

Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues.

 

Articles with author names in RED are new additions since May 12, 2018.

 

Family Felidae - The Cats and Their Allies.

 

Subfamily Proailurinae

 

*No literature currently available*

 

Subfamily Machairodontinae (†) - Saber-toothed Cats and Their Relatives

 

Tribe Homotherini

 

Homotherini - Africa/Middle East

 

Werdelin, L. and R. Sardella (2006). The "Homotherium" from Langebaanweg, South Africa and the Origin of Homotherium. Palaeontographica Abt.A, 277(1-6).

 

Homotherini - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands

 

Volmer, R., C. Hertler and A. van der Geer (2016). Niche overlap and competition among tigers (Panthera tigris), sabertoothed cats (Homotherium ultimum, Hemimachairodus zwierzyckii) and Merriam's dog (Megacyon merriami) in the Pleistocene of Java. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 441.

 

Homotherini - Europe (including Greenland)

 

Antón, M. and H. Galobart (1999). Neck Function and Predatory Behavior in the Scimitar Toothed Cat Homotherium latidens (Owen). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 19(4).

Antón, M., et al. (2009). Soft tissue reconstruction of Homotherium latidens (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae). Implications for the possibility of representations in Palaeolithic art. Geobios, 42.

Barnett, R. (2014). An inventory of British remains of Homotherium (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae), with special reference to the material from Kent's Cavern. Geobios, 47.

Bona, F. and R. Sardella (2014). Co-occurrence of a sabertoothed cat (Homotherium sp.) with a large lion-like cat (Panthera sp.) in the Middle Pleistocene karst infill from nuova <<Cava Zanola>> (Paitone, Brescia, Lombardy, Northern Italy). Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 53(2).

Bona, F. and R. Sardella (2012). The Middle Pleistocene Large Felids (Mammalia) from Brecce Di Soave (Verona, N-E Italy). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.118, Number 1.

Diedrich, C.G. and D.A. McFarlane (2017). Homotherium from Middle Pleistocene archaeological and carnivore den sites of Germany - Taxonomy, taphonomy and a revision of the Schoningen, West Runton and other saber-tooth cat sites. Quaternary International, 436.

McFarlane, D.A. and J. Lundberg (2013). On the occurrence of the scimitar-toothed cat, Homotherium latidens (Carnivora; Felidae), at Kents Cavern, England. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40.

Mol, D. and W. van Logchem (2009). A humerus of the saber-toothed cat, Homotherium crenatidens (Weithofer, 1889) dredged from the seabed between the British Islands and The Netherlands. PalArch, 6(1).

Reumer, J.W.F., et al. (2003). Late Pleistocene Survival of the Saber-toothed Cat Homotherium in Northwestern Europe.Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 23(1).

Sardella, R. and D.A. Iurino (2012). The latest Early Pleistocene sabertoothed cat Homotherium (Felidae, Mammalia) from Monte Peglia (Umbria, central Italy). Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 51(1).

Serangeli, J., et al. (2015). The European saber-toothed cat (Homotherium latidens) found in the "Spear Horizon" at Schoningen (Germany). Journal of Human Evolution, 89.

 

Homotherini - North America

 

Dundas,R.G. (1992). A scimitar cat (Homotherium serum) from the Late Pleistocene Merrell locality, southwestern Montana. PaleoBios, 14(1).

Ewald, T., et al. (2017). Scimitar Cat (Homotherium serum Cope) from Southwestern Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, Draft manuscript.

Jefferson, G.T. and A.E. Tejada-Flores (1993). The Late Pleistocene Record of Homotherium (Felidae: Machairodontinae) in the Southwestern United States. PaleoBios, Vol.15, Number 3.

Martin, L.D., C.B. Schultz and M.R. Schultz (1988). Saber-Toothed Cats from the Plio-Pleistocene of Nebraska. Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences, XVI.

Rawn-Schatzinger, V.M. and R.L. Collins (1981). Scimitar Cats, Homotherium serum Cope from Gassaway Fissure, Cannon County, Tennessee and the North American Distribution of Homotherium. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science, Vol.56, Number 1.

Widga, C., et al. (2012). Homotherium serum and Cervalces from the Great Lakes Region, USA: geochronology, morphology and ancient DNA. Boreas, 10.

 

Homotherini - South America/Central America/Caribbean

 

Mones, A. and A. Rinderknecht (2004). The First South American Homotheriini (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae). Comunicaciones Paleontologicas, Vol.II, Number 35.

Rincon, A.D., F.J. Prevosti and G.E. Parra (2011). New Saber-Toothed Cat Records (Felidae: Machairodontinae) for the Pleistocene of Venezuela, and the Great American Biotic Interchange. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 31(2).

 

General Homotherini

 

Antón, M., et al. (2013). The Plio-Pleistocene scimitar-toothed felid genus Homotherium Fabrini, 1890 (Machairodontinae, Homotherini): diversity, palaeogeography and taxonomic implications. Quaternary Science Reviews, xxx.

Feranec, R.S. (2008). Growth Differences in the Saber-Tooth of Three Felid Species. Palaios, Vol.23.

 

Tribe Machairodontini

 

Machairodontini - Africa/Middle East

 

de Bonis, L., et al. (2018). New sabre toothed Felidae (Carnivora, Mammalia) in the hominid-bearing sites of Toros Menalla (late Miocene, Chad). Geodiversitas, 40(3).

Geraads, D. A skull of Machairodus giganteus (Felidae, Mammalia) from the Late Miocene of Turkey.

Peigne, S., et al. (2005). A new machairodontine (Carnivora, Felidae) from the Late Miocene hominid locality of TM 266, Toros-Menalla, Chad. C.R.Palevol.

Sardella, R. and L. Werdelin (2007). Amphimachairodus (Felidae, Mammalia) from Sahabi (Latest Miocene-Earliest Pliocene), With a Review of African Miocene Machairodontinae. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.113, Number 1.

 

Machairodontini - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands

 

Deng, T., et al. (2016). A skull of Machairodus horribilis and new evidence for gigantism as a mode of mosaic evolution in machairodonts (Felidae, Carnivora). Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 54(4).

Qiu, Z.-X., Q.-Q. Shi and J.-Y. Liu (2008). Description of Skull Material of Machairodus horribilis Schlosser, 1903. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 46(4).

Shikama, T. (1934). 137. Note on an Occurrence of Machairodus in Korea. Proceedings of the Imperial Academy, Vol.10, Number 8.

Sotnikova, M.V. (1992). A new species of Machairodus from the late Miocene Kalmakpai locality in eastern Kazakhstan (USSR). Ann.Zool.Fennici, 28.

Volmer, R., C. Hertler and A. van der Geer (2016). Niche overlap and competition among tigers (Panthera tigris), sabertoothed cats (Homotherium ultimum, Hemimachairodus zwierzyckii) and Merriam's dog (Megacyon merriami) in the Pleistocene of Java. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 441.

 

Machairodontini - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia)

 

Antón, M., et al. (2004). First Known Complete Skulls of the Scimitar-Toothed Cat Machairodus aphanistus (Felidae, Carnivora) from the Spanish Late Miocene Site of Batallones-1. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24(4).

Dybka, H. (1990). Machairodus sp. from the Lower Pliocene Bone Breccia of Weze (Poland). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 35(1-2).

Fernandez-Monescillo, M., M. Anton and M.J. Salesa (2017). Palaeoecological implications of the sympatic distribution of two species of Machairodus (Felidae, Machairodontinae, Homotherini) in the Late Miocene of Los Valles de Fuentiduena (Segovia, Spain). Historical Biology, 2017.

Madurell-Malapeira, J., et al. (2014). The scimitar-toothed cat Machaerodus aphanistus (Carnivora: Felidae) in the Valles-Penedes Basin (NE Iberian Peninsula). C.R. Palevol, 13.

Monescillo, M.F.G., et al. (2014). Machairodus aphanistus (Felidae, Machairodontidae, Homotherini) from the Late Miocene (Vallesian, MN10) Site of Batallones-3 (Torrejón De Velasco, Madrid, Spain). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 34(3).

Morlo, M. and Y. Semenov (2004). New dental remains of Machairodus KAUP 1833 (Felidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) from the Turolian of Ukraine: significance for the evolution of the genus. kaupia, Vol.13.

Spassov, N. and G.D. Koufos (2002). The first appearance of Dinocrocuta gigantea and Machairodus aphanistus (Mammalia, Carnivora) in the Miocene of Bulgaria. Mitt.Bayer.Staatsslg.Palaont.hist.Geol., 42.

 

Machairodontini - North America

 

Antón, M., M.J. Salesa and G. Siliceo (2013). Machairodont Adaptations and Affinities in the Holarctic Late Miocene Homotherin Machairodus (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae): The Case of Machairodus catocopis Cope, 1887. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 33(5).

 

General Machairodontini


Turner, A. and M. Antón (1998). Climate and Evolution: Implications of Some Extinction Patterns in African and European Machairodontine Cats of the Plio-Pleistocene. Estudios Geol., 54.

Turner, A., et al. (2011). Changing ideas about the evolution and functional morphology of Machairodontine felids. Estudios Geologicos, 67(2).

 

Tribe Metaliurini

 

Chang, H.-C. (1958). On the Skull of Metailurus of Pontian Age from Shansi. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 2(1).

Cooke, H.B.S. (1991). Dinofelis barlowi (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae) Cranial Material from Bolt's Farm, Collected by the University of California Africa Expedition. Palaeont.afr., 28. 

Geraads, D. First record of Dinofelis (Felidae, Mammalia) from North Africa.

Lacruz, R., A. Turner and L.R. Berger  (2006). New Dinofelis (Machairodontinae) remains from Sterkfontein Valley sites and a taxonomic revision of the genus in southern Africa. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, Vol.43.

Li, Y.  (2014). Restudy of Metailurus major from Yushe Basin, Shanxi Province reported by Teilhard de Chardin and Leroy. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 52(4).

Roussiakis, S.J. (2001). Metailurus major Zdansky, 1924 (Carnivora, Mammalia) from the classical locality of Pikermi (Attica, Greece). Ann. Paléontol., 87,2.

Roussiakis, S.J., G.E. Theodorou and G. Iliopoulos (2006). An almost complete skeleton of Metailurus parvulus (Carnivora, Felidae) from the late Miocene of Kerassia (Northern Euboea, Greece). Geobios, 39.

Werdelin, L. and M.E. Lewis  (2001). A revision of the genus Dinofelis (Mammalia, Felidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 132.

 

Tribe Smilodontini

 

Smilodontini - Africa/Middle East

 

Collings, G.E. (1972). A New Species of Machaerodont from Makapansgat. Palaeont.afr., 14.

Hartstone-Rose, A., et al. (2007). A sabre-tooth felid from Coopers Cave (Gauteng, South Africa) and its implications for Megantereon (Felidae: Machairodontinae) taxonomy. Palaeont.afr., 42.

Palmqvist, P. (2002). On the Presence of Megantereon whitei at the South Turkwel Hominid Site, Northern Kenya. J.Paleont., 76(5).

 

Smilodontini - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands

 

Kurtén, B. (1962). The Sabre-Toothed Cat Megantereon from the Pleistocene of Java. Zoologische Mededelingen, Vol.XXXVIII, Number 6.

Liu, J.Y. (2005). Megantereon Fossil Remains from Renzidong Cave, Fanchang County, Anhui Province, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 43(2).

Zhu, M., et al. (2014). A new record of the saber-toothed cat Megantereon (Felidae, Machairodontidae) from an Early Pleistocene Gigantopithecus fauna, Yenliang Cave, Fusui, Guangxi, South China. Quaternary International, 354.

 

Smilodontini - Europe (including Greenland)

 

Antón, M. and L. Werdelin (2008). Too well restored? The case of the Megantereon skull from Senèze. Lethaia, Vol.31.

Iurino, D.A. and R. Sardella (2014). CT scanning analysis of Megantereon whitei (Carnivora, Machairotondinae) from Monte Argentario (Early Pleistocene, central Italy): evidence of atavistic teeth. Naturwissenschaften, 101.

Martinez-Navarro, B. and P. Palmqist (1996). Presence of the African Saber-toothed Felid Megantereon whitei (Broom, 1937) (Mammalia, Carnivora, Machairodontinae) in Apollonia-1 (Mygdonia Basin, Macedonia, Greece). Journal of Archaeological Science, 23.

Martinez-Navarro, B. and P. Palmqvist (1995). Presence of the African Machairodont Megantereon whitei (Broom, 1937) (Felidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) in the Lower Pleistocene Site of Venta Micena (Orce, Granada, Spain), with some Considerations of the Origin, Evolution and Dispersal of the Genus. Journal of Archaeological Science, 22.

Salesa, M.J., et al. (2014). First Evidence of Pathology in the Forelimb of the Late Miocene Saber-Toothed Felid Promegantereon ogygia (Machairodontinae, Smilodontini). The Anatomical Record, 297.

Salesa, M.J., et al. (2010). Systematic Revision of the Late Miocene Sabre-Toothed Felid Paramachaerodus in Spain. Palaeontology, Vol.53, Part 6.

Salesa, M.J., et al. (2010). Functional anatomy of the forelimb in Promegantereon* ogygia (Felidae, Machairodontinae, Smilodontini) from the Late Miocene of Spain and the origins of the sabre-toothed felid model. Journal of Anatomy, 216.

Salesa, M.J., et al. (2006). Inferred behaviour and ecology of the primitive sabre-toothed cat Paramachairodus ogygia (Felidae, Machairodontinae) from the Late Miocene of Spain. Journal of Zoology, 268.

Sardella, R., M. Petrucci and L. Rook (2008). The African species Megantereon whitei from the Early Pleistocene of Monte Argentario (South Tuscany, Central Italy). C.R. Palevol., 7.

Siliceo, G., et al. (2014). Promegantereon ogygia (Felidae, Machairodontinae, Smilodontini) from the Vallesian (Late Miocene, MN 10) of Spain: Morphological and Functional Differences in Two Noncontemporary Populations. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 34(2).

Siliceo, G., et al. (2011). Comparative anatomy of frontal sinuses in the primitive sabre-toothed felid Promegantereon ogygia (Felidae, Machairodontinae) and similarly sized extant felines. Estudios Geologicos, 67(2).

 

Smilodontini - North America

 

Berta, A. (1987). The Sabercat Smilodon gracilis from Florida and a Discussion of its Relationships (Mammalia, Felidae, Smilodontini). Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.31, Number 1.

Berta, A. (1985) The Status of Smilodon in North and South America. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science, Number 370.

Berta, A. and H. Galiano (1983). Megantereon hesperus from the Late Hemphillian of Florida with Remarks on the Phylogenetic Relationships of Machairodonts (Mammalia, Felida, Machairodontinae). Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 57, Number 5.

Binder, W.J. and B. Van Valkenberg (2010). A Comparison of Tooth Wear and Breakage in Rancho La Brea Saberooth Cats and Dire Wolves Across Time. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 30(1).

Binder, W.J., K.S. Cervantes and J.A. Meachen (2016). Measures of Relative Dentary Strength in Rancho la Brea Smilodon fatalis over Time. PLoS ONE, 11(9).

Brown, C., et al. (2017). Skeletal trauma reflects hunting behaviour in extinct sabre-tooth cats and dire wolves. Nature Ecology & Evolution, Vol.1, Article 0131.

Feranec, R.S. (2004). Isotopic evidence of saber-tooth development, growth rate, and diet from the adult canine of Smilodon fatalis from Rancho La Brea. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology, 206.

Gordon, C.L. and N.J. Czaplewski (1998). Second Record of the Pleistocene Saber-toothed Cat, Smilodon fatalis, in Oklahoma. Proc.Okla.Acad.Sci., 78.

Hartstone-Rose, A., et al. (2012) The clavicles of Smilodon fatalis and Panthera atrox (Mammalia: Felidae) from Rancho La Brea, Los Angeles, California. Journal of Morphology, 273(9).

Hodnett, J-P (2010). A Machairodont felid (Mammalia; Carnivora; Felidae) from the latest Hemphillian (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene) Bidahochi Formation, northeastern Arizona. PaleoBios, 29(3).

Janczewski, D.N., et al. (1992). Molecular phylogenetic inference from saber-toothed cat fossils of Rancho La Brea. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci. USA, Vol.89.

Long, K., et al. (2017). Did saber-tooth kittens grow up musclebound? A study of postnatal limb bone allometry in felids from the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. PLoS ONE, 12(9).

Madan, M., D.R. Prothero and A. Sutyagina (2011). Did Rancho La Brea Large Felids (Panthera atrox and Smilodon fatalis) Change in Size or Shape During the Late Pleistocene? In: Fossil Record 3. Sullivan, et al. (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 53.

Martin, L.D., C.B. Schultz and M.R. Schultz (1988). Saber-Toothed Cats from the Plio-Pleistocene of Nebraska. Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences, XVI.

Meachen-Samuels, J.A. and W.J. Binder (2010). Sexual dimorphism and ontogenetic growth in the American lion and sabertoothed cat from Rancho La Brea. Journal of Zoology, 280.

Morgan, G.S. and S.G. Lucas (2001). The sabertooth cat Smilodon fatalis (Mammalia: Felidae) from a Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) site in the Pecos River valley of southeastern New Mexico/southwestern Texas. New Mexico Geology.

Scott, E. and K.B. Springer (2016). First records of Canis dirus and Smilodon fatalis from the late Pleistocene Tule Springs local fauna, upper Las Vegas Wash, Nevada. PeerJ, 4:e2151.

Shaw, C.A. and A.F. Tejada-Flores (1985). Biomechanical Implications of the Variation in Smilodon Ectocuneiforms from Rancho La Brea. Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Number 359.

Shermis, S. (1983). Healed Massive Pelvic Fracture in a Smilodon from Rancho La Brea, California. PaleoBios, Vol.1, Number 3.

Wallace, S.C. and R.C. Hulbert (2013). A New Machairodont from the Palmetto Fauna (Early Pliocene) of Florida, with Comments on the Origin of the Smilodontini (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae). PLoS ONE, Vol.8, Issue 3.

 

Smilodontini - South America/Central America/Caribbean

 

Berta, A. (1985) The Status of Smilodon in North and South America. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science, Number 370.

Bocherens, H., et al. (2016). Paleobiology of sabretooth cat Smilodon populator in the Pampean Region (Buenos Aires Province, Argentina) around the Last Glacial Maximum: Insights from carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes in bone collagen. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 449.

De Castro, M.C. and M.C. Langer (2008). New Postcranial Remains of Smilodon populator Lund, 1842 from South-Central Brazil. Rev.bras.paleontol., 11(3).

Prevosti, F.J., F.M.Martin and M. Massone (2013). First Record of Smilodon Lund (Felidae, Machairodontinae) in Tierra Del Fuego Island (Chile). Ameghiniana, 50(6).

Prieto, A., R. Labarca, and V. Sierpe (2010). New evidence of the sabertooth cat Smilodon (Carnivora: Machairodontidae) in the late Pleistocene of southern Chilean Patagonia. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural, 83.

Rincon, A.D., F.J. Prevosti and G.E. Parra (2011). New Saber-Toothed Cat Records (Felidae: Machairodontinae) for the Pleistocene of Venezuela, and the Great American Biotic Interchange. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 31(2).

 

General Smilodontini

 

Akersten, W.A. (1985). Canine Function in Smilodon (Mammalia; Felidae; Machairodontinae). Number 356.

Ansón, M. and J. Vazquez (2017). Controversy about Smilodon lips reconstruction.

Antón, M. and R. Garcia-Perea (1998). Reconstructed facial appearance of the sabretoothed felid Smilodon. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 124(4).

Anyonge, W. (1996). Microwear on Canines and Killing Behavior in Large Carnivores: Saber Function in Smilodon fatalis. Journal of Mammalogy, 77(4).

Brown, J.G. (2014). Jaw Function in Smilodon fatalis: A Reevaluation of the Canine Shear-Bite and a Proposal for a New Forelimb-Powered Class 1 Lever Model. PLoS ONE, 9(10).

Carbone, C., et al. (2009). Parallels between playbacks and Pleistocene tar seeps suggest sociality in an extinct sabretooth cat, Smilodon. Biol.Lett., 5.

Carlon, B. (2014). Functional Limb Morphology of Extinct Carnivores Smilodon fatalis, Panthera atrox, and Canis dirus Based on Comparisons With Four Extant Felids and One Extant Canid. Ph.D. Dissertation - Northern Illinois University. (259 pages)

Christiansen, P. (2012). The Making of a Monster: Postnatal Ontogenetic Changes in Craniomandibular Shape in the Great Sabercat Smilodon. PLoS ONE, 7(1).

Christiansen, P. and J.M. Harris (2012). Variation in Craniomandibular Morphology and Sexual Dimorphism in Pantherines and the Sabercat Smilodon fatalis. PLoS ONE, 7(10).

DeSantis, L.R.G., et al. (2012). Implications of Diet for the Extinction of Saber-Toothed Cats and American Lions. PLoS ONE, 7(12).

Dorgai, B. Evolutionary Line of the Smilodon and its Habitat Changes.

Feranec, R.S. (2008). Growth Differences in the Saber-Tooth of Three Felid Species. Palaios, Vol.23.

Feranec, R.S. (2005). Growth Rate and Duration of Growth in the Adult Canine of Smilodon gracilis, And Inferences on Diet Through Stable Isotope Analysis. Bull.Fla.Mus.Nat.Hist., 45(4).

Hogan, C.J. (2002). The Function of Canines in Saber-Tooth Tigers. Masters Thesis - Rochester Institute of Technology. 

Kiffner, C. (2009). Coincidence or evidence: was the sabretooth cat Smilodon social? Biol.Lett., 5.

Konakanchi, K.S. (2005). Musculoskeletal Modeling of Smilodon fatalis for Virtual Functional Performance Testing. Masters Project - Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, State University of New York at Buffalo.

McHenry, C.R., et al. (2007). Supermodeled sabercat, predatory behavior in Smilodon fatalis revealed by high-resolution 3D computer simulation. PNAS, Vol.104, Number 41.

Meachen, J.A. , F.R. O'Keefe and R.W. Sadleir (2014). Evolution in the sabre-tooth cat, Smilodon fatalis, in response to Pleistocene climate change. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 27(4).

Meachen-Samuels, J.A. and B. Van Valkenburgh (2010). Radiographs Reveal Exceptional Forelimb Strength in the Sabertooth Cat, Smilodon fatalis. PLoS ONE, 5(7).

Palmqvist, P., et al. (2007). A Re-evaluation of the Diversity of Megantereon (Mammalia, Carnivora, Machairodontinae) and the Problem of Species Identification in Extinct Carnivores. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 27(1).

Riviere, H.L. and H.T. Wheeler (2005). Cementum on Smilodon Sabers. The Anatomical Record Part A, 285A.

Ross, E. (2007). Muscle Maps for Selected Hind Limb Bones of a Saber-tooth Tiger. Bachelors Honor Thesis - Northern Illinois University.

Schmieder, J.U. (2000). Killing behavior in Smilodon fatalis (Mammalia:Carnivora:Felidae) based on functional anatomy and body proportions of the front- and hind limbs. (dissertation) Geologisches Institut der Eberhardt-Karls-Universitat Tubingen.

Wilson, T., D.E. Wilson and J.M. Zimanske (2013). Pneumothorax as a predatory goal for the sabertooth cat (Smilodon fatalis). Open Journal of Animal Sciences, Vol.3, Number 1.

Wysocki, M.A., et al. (2015). Using a Novel Absolute Ontogenetic Age Determination Technique to Calculate the Timing of Tooth Eruption in the Saber-Toothed Cat, Smilodon fatalis. PLoS ONE, 10(7).

 

General Machairodonts

 

Arribas, A. (1999). On the Ecological Connection Beween Sabre-tooths and Hominids: Faunal Dispersal Events in the Lower Pleistocene and a Review of the Evidence for the First Human Arrival in Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science, 26.

Chang, H.-C. (1957). On New Material of Some Machairodonts of Pontian Age from Shansi. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 1(3).

Churcher, C.S. (1984). The Status of Smilodontopsis (Brown, 1908) and Ischyrosmilus (Merriam, 1918): A Taxonomic Review of Two Genera of Sabretooth Cats (Felidae, Machaerodontinae). Royal Ontario Museum Life Sciences Contributions, 140.

de Bonis, L., et al. (2010). New sabre-toothed cats in the Late Miocene of Toros Menalla (Chad). C.R. Palevol., 9.

Meloro, C. and G.J. Slater (2012). Covariation in the Skull Modules of Cats: The Challenge of Growing Saber-Like Canines. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 32(3).

Paijmans, J.L.A., et al (2017). Evolutionary History of Saber-Toothed Cats Based on Ancient Mitogenomics. Current Biology. (Article in press)

Piras, P., et al. (2018). Evolution of the sabertooth mandible: A deadly ecomorphological specialization. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, xxx. (Article in press)

Rodriguez-de la Rosa, R.A., et al. (2007). Footprints of Machairodontid Felids from the Late Tertiary of Central Mexico. In: 4th European Meeting on the Palaeontology and Stratigraphy of Latin America (Diaz-Martinez, E. and I. Rabano, eds.).

Turner, A., et al. (2011). Changing ideas about the evolution and functional morphology of Machairodont felids. Estudios Geologicos, 67(2).

 

Subfamily Felinae - Non-Roaring, Purring Cats

 

Felinae - Africa/Middle East

 

Werdelin, L. (2011). A new genus and species of Felidae (Mammalia) from Rusinga Island, Kenya, with notes on early Felidae of Africa. Estudios Geológicos, 67(2).

 

Felinae - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands

 

Deng, T. (2011). Acinonyx kurteni Based on a Fossil Composite. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 49(3).

Kurtén, B. (1957). A Note on the Systematic and Evolutionary Relationships of Felis tielhardi Pei. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 1(2).

Madurell-Malapeira, J., et al. (2010). The Eurasian Puma-Like Cat Puma pardoides (Owen 1846) (Carnivora, Felidae): Taxonomy, Biogeography and Dispersal Events. Cidaris, Number 30.

 

Felinae - Europe (including Greenland)

 

Boev, Z. (2017). Fossil and Subfossil Record of Species of the Genus Lynx Kerr, 1792 (Mammalia: Felidae) in Bulgaria. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 69(3).

Boscaini, A., et al. (2016). Latest Early Pleistocene remains of Lynx pardinus (Carnivora, Felidae) from the Iberian Peninsula: Taxonomy and evolutionary implications. Quaternary Science Reviews, 143.

Cherin, M., D.A. Iurino and R. Sardella (2013). New well-preserved material of Lynx issiodorensis valdarnensis (Felidae, Mammalia) from the Early Pleistocene of Pantalla (central Italy). Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 52(2).

Cherin, M., D.A. Iurino and R. Sardella (2013). Earliest occurrence of Puma pardoides (Owen, 1846)(Carnivora, Felidae) at the Plio/Pleistocene transition in western Europe: New evidence from the Middle Villafranchian assemblage of Montopoli, Italy. C.R. Palevol, xxx. (Article in press)

Cherin, M., et al. (2018). Synchrotron radiation reveals the identity of the large felid from Monte Argentario (Early Pleistocene, Italy). Scientific Reports, 8: 8338.

Cherin, M., et al. (2014). Acinonyx pardinensis (Carnivora, Felidae) from the Early Pleistocene of Pantalla (Italy): predatory behavior and ecological role of the giant Plio-Pleistocene cheetah. Quaternary Science Reviews, 87.

Gabucio, M.J., et al. (2014). A wildcat (Felis silvestris) butchered by Neanderthals in Level 0 of the Abric Romani site (Capellades, Barcelona, Spain). Quaternary International, 326-327.

Geraads, D. (2014). How old is the cheetah skull shape? The case of Acinonyx pardinensis (Mammalia, Felidae). Geobios, 47.

Ghezzo, E., et al. (2014). Lynx remains from the Pleistocene of Valdemino Cave (Savona, Northwestern Italy), and the oldest occurrence of Lynx spelaeus (Carnivora, Felidae). Rend.Fis.Acc. Lincei.

Iurino, D.A., et al. (2015). A lynx natural brain endocast from Ingarano (Southern Italy; Late Pleistocene): Taphonomic, Morphometric and Phylogenetic Approaches. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy, Vol.26(2).

Kurtén, B. (1978). The Lynx from Etouaires, Lynx issiodorensis (Croizet & Joubert), late Pliocene. Ann.Zool. Fennici, 15.

Kurtén, B. and E. Granqvist (1987). Fossil pardel lynx (Lynx pardina spelaea Boule) from a cave in southern France.Ann. Zool. Fennici, 24.

Madurell-Malapeira, J., et al (2010). The Iberian record of the puma-like cat Puma pardoides (Owen, 1846) (Carnivora, Felidae). C.R. Palevol, 9.

Madurell-Malapeira, J., et al. (2010). The Eurasian Puma-Like Cat Puma pardoides (Owen 1846) (Carnivora, Felidae): Taxonomy, Biogeography and Dispersal Events. Cidaris, Number 30.

Robles, J.M., et al. (2013). New Pseudaelurus and Styriofelis remains (Carnivora: Felidae) from the Middle Miocene of Abocador de Can Mata (Valles-Penedes Basin). C.R.Palevol, 12.

Sablin, M. (2001). Late Pleistocene lynx from Kostenki 21 (Voronezh Region, Russia). DEINSEA 8.

Salesa, M.J., et al. (2012). Presence of an unexpected small-sized Feline from the Late Miocene (Turolian, MN 13) site of Los Casiones (Villalba Baja, Teruel, Spain). 10th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Vertebrate Palaeontologists.

Salesa, M.J., et al. (2012). Systematics and phylogeny of the small felines (Carnivora, Felidae) from the Late Miocene of Europe: a new species of Felinae from the Vallesian of Batallones (MN 10, Madrid, Spain). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, Vol.10, Issue 1.

Salesa, M.J., et al. (2011). Functional anatomy of the postcranial skeleton of Styriofelis lorteti (Carnivora, Felidae, Felinae) from the Middle Miocene (MN6) locality of Sansan (Gers, France). Estudios Geologicos, 67(2).

 

Felinae - North America

 

Culver, M., et al. (2000). Genomic Ancestry of the American Puma (Puma concolor). Journal of Heredity, 91(3).

DeSantis, L.R.G. and R.J. Haupt (2014). Cougars' key to survival through the Late Pleistocene extinction: insights from dental microwear texture analysis. Biol.Lett., 10.

Macfadden, B.J. and H. Galiano (1981). Late Hemphillian Cat (Mammalia, Felidae) from the Bone Valley Formation of Central Florida. Journal of Paleontology, Vol.55, Number 1.

Morgan, G.S. and K.L. Seymour (1997). Fossil History of the Panther (Puma concolor) and the Cheetah-Like Cat (Miracinonyx inexpetatus) in Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, Vol.40, Number 2.

Puckette, W.L. (1975). An Occurrence of the Puma, Felis concolor, from Svendsen Cave, Marion County, Arkansas. Arkansas Academy of Science Proceedings, Vol. XXIX.

Rothwell, T. (2003). Phylogenetic Systematics of North American Pseudaelurus (Carnivora:Felidae). American Museum Novitates, Number 3403.
Rothwell, T. (2001). A Partial Skeleton of Pseudaelurus (Carnivora: Felidae) from the Nambe Member of the Tesuque Formation, Espanola Basin, New Mexico. American Museum Novitates, Number 3342.

Van Valkenburgh, B., F. Grady and B. Kurtén (1990). The Plio-Pleistocene Cheetah-Like Cat Miracinonyx inexpectatus of North America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 10(4).

 

General Felinae

 

Werdelin, L. (1981). The evolution of lynxes. Ann.Zool.Fennici, 18.

 

Subfamily Pantherinae - Roaring Cats

 

Pantherinae - Africa/Middle East

 

Manthi, F.K., et al. (2018). Gigantic lion, Panthera leo, from the Pleistocene of Natodomeri, eastern Africa. Journal of Paleontology, 92(2).

Stimpson, C.M., et al. (2014). Stratified Pleistocene vertebrates with a new record of a jaguar-sized pantherine (Panthera cf. gombaszogensis) from northern Saudi Arabia. Quaternary International, xxx. (Article in Press)

Turner, A. (1984). Panthera crassidens Broom, 1948. The Cat That Never Was? South African Journal of Science, Vol.80.

 

Pantherinae - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands

 

Hertler, C. and R. Volmer (2008). Assessing prey competition in fossil carnivore communities - a scenario for prey competition and its evolutionary consequences for tigers in Pleistocene Java. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 257.

Hooijer, D.A. (1947). Pleistocene Remains of Panthera tigris (Linnaeus) Subspecies from Wanhsien, Szechwan, China, Compared With Fossil and Recent Tigers from Other Localities. American Museum Novitates, Number 1346.

Manamendra-Arachchi, K., et al. (2005). A Second Extinct Big Cat from the Late Quaternary of Sri Lanka.The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement Number 12.

Mazak, J.H. (2010). What is Panthera palaeosinensis? Mammal Rev., Vol.40, Number 1.

Mazak, J.H., P. Christiansen and A.C. Kitchener (2011). The Oldest Known Pantherine Skull and Evolution of the Tiger. PLoS ONE, 6(10). (Read on-line or download a copy.)

Piper, P.J., Earl of Cranbrook and R.J. Rabett (2007). Confirmation of the Presence of the Tiger Panthera tigris  (L.) in Late Pleistocene and Holocene Borneo. Malayan Nature Journal, 59(3).

Piper, P.J., et al. (2008). The first evidence for the past presence of the tiger Panthera tigris  (L.) on the island of Palawan, Phillipines: Extinction in an island population. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 264.

Tseng, Z.J., et al. (2014). Himalayan fossils of the oldest known pantherine establish ancient origin of big cats. Proc.R.Soc. B, 281.

Volmer, R., C. Hertler and A. van der Geer (2016). Niche overlap and competition among tigers (Panthera tigris), sabertoothed cats (Homotherium ultimum, Hemimachairodus zwierzyckii) and Merriam's dog (Megacyon merriami) in the Pleistocene of Java. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 441.

Volmer, R., et al. (2017). Did Panthera pardus (Linnaeus, 1758) become extinct in Sumatra because of competition for prey? Modeling interspecific competition within the Late Pleistocene carnivore guild of the Padang Highlands, Sumatra. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 487.

 

Pantherinae - Europe (including Greenland)

 

Argant, A. and J.-P. Brugal (2017). The cave lion Panthera (Leo) spelaea and its evolution: Panthera spelaea intermedia nov. subspecies. Acta zoologica cracoviensia, 60(2).

Argant, A. and J. Argant (2011). The Panthera gombaszogenis Story: The Contributions of the Chateau Breccia (Saone-Et-Loire, Burgundy, France). Quaternaire, Hors-serie, (4).

Argant, A., et al. (2007). The big cats of the fossil site Chateau Breccia Northern Section (Saone-et-Loire, Burgundy, France): stratigraphy, palaeoenvironment, ethology and biochronological dating. Cour.Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 259.

Barnett, R., et al. (2016). Mitogenomics of the Extinct Cave Lion, Panthera spelaea (Goldfuss, 1810), Resolve its Position within the Panthera cats. Open Quaternary, 2: 4.

Baryshnikov, G.F. and E.A. Petrova (2008). Cave lion (Panthera spelaea) from the Pleistocene of Chuvashiya, European Russia. Russian J.Theriol., 7(1).

Baryshnikov, G.F. and G. Boeskorov (2001). The Pleistocene cave lion, Panthera spelaea (Carnivora, Felidae) from Yakutia, Russia. Cranium, 18(1).

Bocherens, H., et al. (2011). Isotopic evidence for dietary ecology of cave lion (Panthera spelaea) in North-Western Europe: Prey choice, competition and implications for extinction. Quaternary International, 245.

Bona, F. and R. Sardella (2014). Co-occurrence of a sabertoothed cat (Homotherium sp.) with a large lion-like cat (Panthera sp.) in the Middle Pleistocene karst infill from nuova <<Cava Zanola>> (Paitone, Brescia, Lombardy, Northern Italy). Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 53(2).

Bona, F. and R. Sardella (2012). The Middle Pleistocene Large Felids (Mammalia) from Brecce Di Soave (Verona, N-E Italy). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.118, Number 1.

Burger, J., et al. (2004). Molecular phylogeny of the extinct cave lion Panthera leo spelaea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 30.

Chernova, O.F., et al. (2016). Morphological and genetic identification and isotopic study of the hair of a cave lion (Panthera spelaea Goldfuss, 1810) from Malyi Anyui River (Chukota, Russia). Quaternary Science Reviews, 142.

Cueto, M., et al. (2016). Under the Skin of a Lion: Unique Evidence of Upper Paleolithic Exploitation and Use of Cave Lion (Panthera spelaea) from the Lower Gallery of La Garma (Spain). PLoS ONE, 11(10).

Diedrich, C.G. (2011). Pleistocene Panthera leo spelaea (Goldfuss 1810) Remains from the Balve Cave (NW Germany) - A Cave Bear, Hyena Den and Middle Palaeolithic Human Cave - And a Review of the Sauerland Karst Lion Cave Sites. Quaternaire, 22(2).

Diedrich, C.G. (2011). Late Pleistocene Panthera leo spelaea (Goldfuss, 1810) skeletons from the Czech republic (central Europe); their pathological cranial features and injuries resulting from intraspecific fights, conflicts with hyaenas, and attacks on cave bears. Bulletin of Geosciences, 86(4).
Diedrich, C.G. (2007). Upper Pleistocene Panthera leo spelaea (Goldfuss, 1810) skeleton remains from Praha-PodbBaba and other lion finds from loess and river terrace sites in Central Bohemia (Czech Republic). Bulletin of Geosciences, 82(2).

Ghezzo, E. and L. Rook (2015). The remarkable Panthera pardus (Felidae, Mammalia) record from Equi (Massa, Italy): taphonomy, morphology, and paleoecology. Quaternary Science Reviews, 110.

Gužvica, G. (1998). Panthera spelaea (Goldfuss 1810) from North-Western Croatia. Geol.Croat., 51(1).

Hankó, E.P. (2007). A revision of three Pleistocene subspecies of Panthera, based on mandible and teeth remains, stored in Hungarian collections. Fragmenta Palaeontologica Hungarica, 24-25.

Kirillova, I.V., et al. (2015). On the discovery of a cave lion from the Malyi Anyui River (Chukotka, Russia). Quaternary Science Reviews, 117.

Krofel, M. (2004). A Find of Panthera leo spelaea Goldfuss (Felidae, Mammalia) from unknown Stratigraphic Position of Potocka zijalka (Slovenia). Mitt.Comm.Quartarforsch.Osterr.Akad.Wiss., 13.

Kurtén, B. (1985). The Pleistocene lion of Beringia. Ann. Zool. Fennici, 22.

Marciszak, A. and K. Stefaniak (2010). Two forms of cave lion: Middle Pleistocene Panthera spelaea fossilis  Reichenau, 1906 and Upper Pleistocene Panthera spelaea spelaea  Goldfuss, 1810 from the Bisnik Cave, Poland. N.Jb.Geol.Palaont. Abh., 258/3.

Marciszak, A., et al. (2011). The first record of leopard Panthera pardus  Linnaeus, 1758 from the Pleistocene of Poland. Acta zoologica cracoviensia, 54A, (1-2).

Mol, D., W. van Logchem and J. de Vos (2011). New record of the European jaguar, Panthera onca gombaszoegensis (Kretzoi, 1938), from the Plio-Pleistocene of Langenboom (The Netherlands). Cainozoic Research, 8(1-2).

O'Regan, H.J. and A. Turner (2004). Biostratigraphic and Palaeoecological Implications of New Fossil Felid Material from the Plio-Pleistocene Site of Tegelen, The Netherlands. Palaeontology, Vol.47, Part 5.

Sabol, M. (2014). Panthera fossilis (Reichenau, 1906) (Felidae, Carnivora) from Za Hájovnou Cave (Moravia, The Czech Republic): A Fossil Record from 1987-2007. Acta Mus.Nat.Pragae, Ser.B, Hist.Nat., 70(1-2).

Sabol, M. (2011). A Record of Pleistocene Lion-Like Felids in the Territory of Slovakia. Quaternaire, Hors-serie, (4).

Sanchis, A., et al. (2015). Pleistocene leopards in the Iberian Peninsula: New evidence from palaeontological and archaeological contexts in the Mediterranean region. Quaternary Science Reviews, 124.

Sauqué, V. and G. Cuenca-Bescós (2013). The Iberian Peninsula, The Last European Refugium of Panthera pardus Linnaeus, 1758 During the Upper Pleistocene. Quaternaire, 24(1).

Sauqué, V., A. Sanchis and J. Madurell-Malapeira (2017). Late Pleistocene leopards as a bone accumulator: taphonomic results from S'Espasa cave and other key Iberian sites. Historical Biology, 2017.

Sauqué, V., R. Rabal-Garcés and G. Cuenca-Bescós (2014). Carnivores from Los Rincones, a leopard den in the highest mountain of the Iberian range (Moncayo, Zaragoza, Spain). Historical Biology, 2014.

Sauqué, V., et al. (2014). Bone Accumulation by Leopards in the Late Pleistocene in the Moncayo Massif (Zaragoza, NE Spain). PLoS ONE, 9(3).

Sotnikova, M.V. and I.V. Fornova (2014). First Asian record of Panthera (Leo) fossilis (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae) in the Early Pleistocene of Western Siberia, Russia. Integrative Zoology, 9.

Sotnikova, M.V. and P. Nikolskiy (2006). Systematic position of the cave lion Panthera spelaea (Goldfuss) based on cranial and dental characters. Quaternary International, 142-143.

Turner, A. (1984). Dental gender dimorphism in European lions (Panthera leo L.) of the Upper Pleistocene: palaeoecological and palaeoethnological implications. Ann. Zool. Fennici, 21.

 

Pantherinae - North America

 

Beebe, B.F. and T.J. Hulland (1988). Mandibular and Dental Abnormalities of Two Pleistocene American Lions (Panthera leo atrox) from Yukon Territory. Can.J.Vert.Res., 52.

Cuff, A.R., A. Goswami and J.R. Hutchinson (2017). Reconstruction of the musculoskeletal system in an extinct lion. Palaeontologia Electronica, 20.2.23A.

DeSantis, L.R.G., et al. (2012). Implications of Diet for the Extinction of Saber-Toothed Cats and American Lions. PLoS ONE, 7(12).

Gold, D. (2007). Cranial Evidence for Sexual Dimorphism and Group Living in the Extinct American Lion (Panthera leo atrox).

Hartstone-Rose, A., et al. (2012) The clavicles of Smilodon fatalis and Panthera atrox (Mammalia: Felidae) from Rancho La Brea, Los Angeles, California. Journal of Morphology, 273(9).

Kurtén, B. (1985). The Pleistocene lion of Beringia. Ann. Zool. Fennici, 22.

Madan, M., D.R. Prothero and A. Sutyagina (2011). Did Rancho La Brea Large Felids (Panthera atrox and Smilodon fatalis) Change in Size or Shape During the Late Pleistocene? In: Fossil Record 3. Sullivan, et al. (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 53.

McCrady, E., H.-T. Kirby-Smith and H. Templeton (1951). New Finds of Pleistocene Jaguar Skeletons from Tennessee Caves. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, Vol.101, Number 3287.

Meachen-Samuels, J.A. and W.J. Binder (2010). Sexual dimorphism and ontogenetic growth in the American lion and sabertoothed cat from Rancho La Brea. Journal of Zoology, 280.

Parmalee, P.W. (1961). A Recent Find of Jaguar Bones in a Tennessee Cave. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science, Vol.36, Number 1.

Schultz, C.B., L.D. Martin and M.R. Schultz (1985). A Pleistocene Jaguar from North-Central Nebraska. Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Science, XIII.

Simpson, G.G. (1941). Discovery of Jaguar Bones and Footprints in a Cave in Tennessee. American Museum Novitates, Number 1131.

Wheeler, H.T. and G.T. Jefferson (2009). Panthera atrox: Body Proportions, Size, Sexual Dimorphism, and Behavior of the Cursorial Lion of the North American Plains. In: Papers on Geology, Vertebrate Paleontology, and Biostratigraphy in Honor of Michael O. Woodburne. Albright, L.B. (ed.), Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 65.

Whitmore, F.C. and H.L. Foster (1967). Panthera atrox (Mammalia: Felidae) from Central Alaska. USGS Staff -- Published Research, Paper 233.

 

Pantherinae - South America/Central America/Caribbean

 

Bravo-Cuevas, V.M., et al. (2016). First occurrence of Panthera atrox (Felidae, Pantherinae) in the Mexican state of Hidalgo and a review of the record of felids from the Pleistocene of Mexico. Foss.Rec., 19.

Chimento, N.R. and F.L. Agnolin (2017). The fossil American Lion (Panthera atrox) in South America: Palaeobiogeographical implications. C.R. Palevol., xxx. (Article in press)

Montellano-Ballesteros, M. and G. Carbot-Chanona (2009). Panthera leo atrox (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) in Chiapas, Mexico. The Southwestern Naturalist, 54(2).

 

General Pantherinae

 

Barnett, R., et al. (2009). Phylogeography of lions (Panthera leo ssp.) reveal three distinct taxa and a late Pleistocene reduction in genetic diversity. Molecular Ecology, 18.

Carlon, B. (2014). Functional Limb Morphology of Extinct Carnivores Smilodon fatalis, Panthera atrox, and Canis dirus Based on Comparisons With Four Extant Felids and One Extant Canid. Ph.D. Dissertation - Northern Illinois University. (259 pages)

Christiansen, P. and J.M. Harris (2012). Variation in Craniomandibular Morphology and Sexual Dimorphism in Pantherines and the Sabercat Smilodon fatalis. PLoS ONE, 7(10).

Davis, B.W., G. Li and W.J. Murphy (2010). Supermatrix and species tree methods resolve phylogenetic relationships within the big cats, Panthera (Carnivora: Felidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, xxx-xxx.

Ersmark, E., et al. (2015). Population Demography and Genetic Diversity in the Pleistocene Cave Lion. Open Quaternary, 1: 4.

King, L.M. (2012). Phylogeny of Panthera, Including P. atrox, Based on Craniomandibular Characters. Masters Thesis - East Tennessee State University.

King, L.M. and S.C. Wallace (2014). Phylogenetics of Panthera, including Panthera atrox, based on craniodental characters. Historical Biology, Vol.26, Number 6..

Moreno, A.K.M. and M.S. Lima-Ribeiro (2015). Ecological niche models, fossil record and the multi-temporal calibration for Panthera onca (Linnaeus, 1758)(Mammalia: Felidae). Brazilian Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol.2, Number 4.

Nagel, D., et al. (2003). Functional morphology and fur patterns in Recent and fossil Panthera species. Scripta Geologica, 126.

Stuart, A.J. and A.M. Lister (2011). Extinction chronology of the cave lion Panthera spelaea. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30.

 

General Felidae

 

General Felidae - Africa/Middle East

 

Geraads, D. and S. Peigne (2017). Re-Appraisal of 'Felis' pamiri Ozansoy, 1959 (Carnivora, Felidae) from the Upper Miocene of Turkey: the Earliest Pantherin Cat? Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 24(4).

O'Regan, H.J. and C. Steininger (2017). Felidae from Cooper's Cave, South Africa (Mammalia: Carnivora). Geodiversitas, 39(2).

 

General Felidae - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands

 

Brongersma, L.D. (1935). Notes on Some Recent and Fossil Cats, Chiefly from the Malay Archipelago. Zool.Meded., XVIII.

Rothwell, T. (2004). New Felid Material from the Ulaan Tologoi Locality, Loh Formation (Early Miocene) of Mongolia.Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Number 285 (Chapter 12).

 

General Felidae - Europe (including Greenland)

 

Baryshnikov, G.F. (2011). Pleistocene Felidae (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the Kudaro Paleolithic Cave Sites in the Caucasus. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS, Vol.315, Number 3.

Bona, F. and R. Sardella (2012). The Middle Pleistocene Large Felids (Mammalia) from Brecce Di Soave (Verona, N-E Italy). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.118, Number 1.

Roussiakis, S.J. (2002). Musteloids and feloids (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the late Miocene locality of Pikermi (Attica, Greece). Geobios, 35.

 

General Felidae - North America

 

Barnett, R., et al. Evolution of the extinct Sabretooths and the American cheetah-like cat. Current Biology, Vol.15, Number 15.

Hough, J. (1952). Auditory Region in North American Fossil Felidae: Its Significance in Phylogeny. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 243-G.

Kurtén, B. (1965). The Pleistocene Felidae of Florida. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Vol.9, Number 6.

Simpson, G.G. (1941). The Large Pleistocene Felines of North America. American Museum Novitates, Number 1136.

 

General Felidae - South America/Central America/Caribbean

 

Prevosti, F.J. (2006). New material of Pleistocene cats (Carnivora, Felidae) from Southern South America, with comments on biogeography and the fossil record. Geobios, 39.

 

General Felidae

 

Anton, M., et al. (2004). Implications of the mastoid anatomy of larger extant felids for the evolution and predatory behaviour of sabretoothed cats (Mammalia, Carnivora, Felidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 140.

Barnett, R., et al. Evolution of the extinct Sabretooths and the American cheetah-like cat. Current Biology, Vol.15, Number 15.

Christiansen, P. (2008). Evolution of Skull and Mandible Shape in Cats (Carnivora: Felidae). PLoS One, 3(7).

Cuff, A.R., et al. (2015). Big cat, small cat: Reconstructing body size evolution in living and extinct Felidae. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 28(8).

Eizirik, E., W.E. Johnson and S.J. O'Brien. Molecular Systematics and Revised Classification of the family Felidae (Mammalia, Carnivora). Journal of Mammalogy.

Hemmer, H. (2004). About scimitar cats and cave lions - rise and fall of Pleistocene life-communities over the continents. 18th Annual Senckenberg Conference 2004 in Weimar.

Hemmer, H. (1979). Fossil history of living Felidae. Carnivore, II.

Holliday, J.A. (2007). Phylogeny and Character Change in the Feloid Carnivora. Ph.D. Dissertation (147 pages)

Johnson, W.E., et al. (2006). The Late Miocene Radiation of Modern Felidae: A Genetic Assessment. Science, Vol.311.

Matthew, W.D. (1910). The Phylogeny of the Felidae.Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, Vol. XXVIII.

Meachen-Samuels, J. and B. Van Valkenbergh (2009). Forelimb Indicators of Prey-Size Preference in Felidae. Journal of Morphology, 270.
Meachen-Samuels, J. and B. Van Valkenbergh (2009). Craniodental indicators of prey size preference in the Felidae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 96.

Meloro, C. and G.J. Slater (2012). Covariation in the Skull Modules of Cats: The Challenge of Growing Saber-Like Canines. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 32(3).

Meloro, C., et al. (2013). Cats in the forest: predicting habitat adaptations from humerus morphometry in extant and fossil Felidae (Carnivora). Paleobiology, 39(3).

O'Brien, S.J. and W.E. Johnson (2007). The Evolution of Cats. Scientific American, July 2007.

Randau, M., et al. (2016). Cryptic complexity in felid vertebral evolution: shape differentiation and allometry of the axial skeleton. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.

Sakamoto, M. and R. Ruta (2012). Convergence and Divergence in the Evolution of Cat Skulls: Temporal and Spatial Patterns of Morphological Diversity. PLoS ONE, Vol.7, Issue 7.

Salles, L.O. (1992). Felid Phylogenetics: Extant Taxa and Skull Morphology (Felidae, Aeluroidea). American Museum Novitates, Number 3047.

Song, J.Y. (2005) Functional Analysis of the Long Saber Teeth. J.Paleont.Soc. Korea, Vol.21, Number 1.

Su, S. (2006). Evolution of Cat-Like Carnivores, Evidence from Dentition. Proceedings of the National Conference on Undergraduate Research (NCUR), The University of North Carolina at Asheville.

Turner, A. and H. O'Reagan (2002). The Assessment of Size in Fossil Felidae. Estudios Geol., 48.
Werdelin, L. (1983). Morphological patterns in the skulls of cats. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol.19, Number 4.

Werdelin, L., et al. (2010). Chapter 2. Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae). In: Biology and Conservation of Wild Felids. Macdonald, D.W. and A.J. Loveridge (eds.), Oxford University Press.

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Updated January 15, 2011.

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Updated March 20, 2011.

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Updated June 6, 2011.

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Updated July 22, 2011.

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Updated August 27, 2011.

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Updated December 4, 2011.

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Updated May 8, 2012.

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Updated April 6, 2013.

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Updated August 9, 2013.

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Updated January 11, 2014.

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Updated June 15, 2014.

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Reorganized and updated - July 9, 2014.

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Updated March 24, 2015.

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Updated May 30, 2015.

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Updated August 12, 2015.

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Updated August 1, 2016.

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Updated June 25, 2017.

 

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Updated November 7, 2017.

 

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Updated May 12, 2018.

 

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