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Fruitbat's Pdf Library - Class Arachnida: Spiders, Scorpions and Their Relatives

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These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing.

MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source.


If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you.

 

Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues.

 

 

Articles with author names in RED are new additions since October 13, 2017.

 

Phylum Arthropoda

Subphylum Chelicerata

 

Class Arachnida


Order Acari - Mites and Ticks

 

Acari - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands

 

Dunlop, J.A. and L.F. de Oliveira Bernardi (2014). An opilioacarid mite in Cretaceous Burmese amber. Naturwissenschaften, 101(9).

Poinar, G.O. and R. Buckley (2008). Compluriscutula vetulum (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae), A New Genus and Species of Hard Tick from Lower Cretaceous Burmese Amber. Proc.Entomol.Soc.Wash., 110(2).

Poinar, G.O. and A.E. Brown (2003). A new genus of hard ticks in Cretaceous Burmese Amber (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae). Systematic Parasitology, 54.

Robin, N., et al. (2016).  A Carboniferous Mite on an Insect Reveals the Antiquity of an Inconspicuous Interaction. Current Biology, 26.

 

Acari - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia)

 

Arillo, A., L.S. Subías and U. Shtanchaeva (2012). A new species of fossil oribatid mite (Acariformes, Oribatida, Trhypochthoniidae) from the Lower Cretaceous amber of San Just (Teruel Province, Spain). Systematic & Applied Acarology, 17(1).

Arillo, A., L.S. Subias and U. Shtanchaeva (2008). A new fossil oribatid mite, Ommatocephus nortoni sp.nov. (Acariformes, Oribatida, Cepheidae), from a new outcrop of Lower Cretaceous Alava amber (northern Spain). Systematic & Applied Acarology, 13.

Bernini, F., et al. (2002). An Early Ordovician oribatid mite (Acari: Oribatida) from the island of Oland, Sweden. In: Acarid Phylogeny and Evolution: Adaptation in Mites and Ticks. Bernini, F., et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the IV Symposium of the European Association of Acarologists.

Dunlop, J.A. and M. Bertrand (2011). Fossil Labidostomatid Mites (Prostigmata: Labidostommatidae) from Baltic Amber. Acarologia, 51(2).

Dunlop, J.A., C. Sempf and J. Wunderlich (2008). A new opilioacarid mite in Baltic amber. In: European Arachnology 2008. Nentwig, W., M. Entling and C. Kropf (eds.), Natural History Museum, Bern.

Dunlop, J.A., J. Wunderlich and G.O. Poinar (2004). The first fossil opilioacariform mite (Acari: Opilioacariformes) and the first Baltic amber camel spider (Solifugae). Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 94.

Dunlop, J.A., et al. (2014). An ant-associated mesostigmatid mite in Baltic amber. Biology Letters, 10.

Judson, M.L.I. and J. Makol (2009). A mite of the family Tanaupodidae (Arachnida, Acari, Parasitengona) from the Lower Cretaceous of France. Geodiversitas, 31(1).

Konikiewicz, M., E. Sontag and J. Makol (2016). The first description of a microtrombidiid mite (Actinotrichida: Prostigmata: Microtrombidiidae) from Baltic amber, with notes on related extant genera and species. Palaontol.Z.

Kuznetsov, N.N., A.A. Khaustov and E.E. Perkovsky (2010). First Record of Mites of the Family Stigmaeidae (Acari, Raphignathoidea) from Rovno Amber with Description of a New Species of the Genus Midiolata. Vestnik zoologii, 44(6).

Magowski, W.L. (1995). Fossil Heterostigmatid mites in amber - 85 million year-old a Arthropod mite relationships. In: The Acari. Physiological and Ecological Aspects of Acari-Host Relationships. Kropczynska, D., J. Boczek and A. Tomczyk (eds.), Proceedings of the 2nd International Meeting of EURAAC.

Miko, L. (2015). Oribatid mite fossils from pre-Quaternary sediments in Slovenian caves III. Two new species of Dissorhina (Oppiidae) from the Pliocene. Acarologia, 55(4).

Miko, L., et al. (2013). Oribatid mite fossils from pre-Quaternary sediments in Slovenian caves II. Amiracarus pliocennatus n.gen.,n.sp. (Microzetidae) from Pliocene, with comments on other species of the genus. Zootaxa, 3670(4).

Miko, L., et al. (2012). Oribatid mite fossils from Quaternary and pre-Quaternary Sediments in Slovenian Caves I. Two New Genera and Two New Species of the Family Oppiidae from the Early Pleistocene. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Vol.68, Numbers 1-2.

Sidorchuk, E. and M. Bertrand (2013). New Fossil Labidostomatids (Acari: Labidostomatidae) from Eocene Amber and Presence of an Apustulate Species in Europe. Acarologia, 53(1).

Sidorchuk, E. and R.A. Norton (2011). The fossil mite family Archaeorchestidae (Acari: Oribatida) II: redescription of Plategeocranus sulcatus and family-group relationships. Zootaxa, 3051.

Sidorchuk, E. and R.A. Norton (2010). Redescription of the fossil oribatid mite Scutoribates perornatus, with implications for the systematics of Undulorbatidae (Acari: Oribatida). Zootaxa, 2666.

Witaliński, W. (2000). Aclerogamasus stenocornis sp.n., a fossil mite from Baltic amber (Acari: Gamasida: Parasitidae). Genus, 11(4).

 

Acari - North America

 

Blaszak, C., J.C. Cokendolpher and V.J. Polyak (1995). Paleozercon cavernicolus, N.Gen., N.Sp., Fossil Mite from a Cave in the Southwestern U.S.A. (Acari, Gamasida: Zerconidae), With a Key to Nearctic Genera of Zerconidae. Internat.J.Acarol., Vol.21, Number 4.

Kethley, J.B., et al. (1989). A terrestrial alicorhagiid mite (Acari: Acariformes) from the Devonian of New York. Micropaleontology, Vol.35, Number 4.

Klompen, H. and D. Grimaldi (2001). First Mesozoic Record of a Parasitiform Mite: a Larval Argasid Tick in Cretaceous Amber (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, Vol.94, Number 1.

 

Acari - South America/Central America/Caribbean

 

Dunlop, J.A. (2007). A large parasitengonid mite (Acari, Erythraeoidea) from the Early Cretaceous Crato Formation of Brazil. Fossil Record, 10(2).

Poinar, G. (2015). Spirochete-like cells in a Dominican amber Amblyomma tick (Arachnida: Ixodidae). Historical Biology, 27(5).

Rivas, G., L. Serrano-Sanchez and F.J. Vega (2016). First record of Procaeculus (Acari: Caeculidae) in Miocene amber from Chiapas, Mexico. Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica Mexicana, Vol.68, Number 1.

Heethoff, M., L. Helfen and R.A. Norton  (2009). Description of Neoliodes dominicus N.Sp. (Acari, Oribatida) from Dominican Amber, Aided by Synchrotron X-Ray Microtomography. J.Paleont., 83(1).

 

General Acari


Sidorchuk, E. and R.A. Norton (2011). The fossil mite family Archaeorchestidae (Acari, Oribatida) I: redescription of Strieremaeus illibatus and synonymy of Strieremaeus and Archaeorchestes. Zootaxa, 2993.

 

Order Amblypygi - Whip Scorpions


Dunlop, J.A. and B. Mrugalla (2015). Redescription of the Chiapas amber whip spider Electrophrynus mirus (Amblypygi). Journal of Arachcnology, 43.

Dunop, J.A. and O.E. Tetlie (2007). The Miocene Whipscorpion Thelyphonus hadleyi is an Unidentifiable Organic Remain. The Journal of Arachnology, 35.

Dunlop, J.A. and V. Barov (2005). A new fossil whip spider (Arachnida: Amblypygi) from the Crato Formation of Brazil. Revista Iberica de Arachnologia, Vol.12, 31.

Engel, M.S. and D.A. Grimaldi (2014). Whipspiders (Arachnida: Amblypygi) in amber from the Early Eocene and mid-Cretaceous, including maternal care. Novitates Paleoentomologicae, Number 9.

Selden, P.A., J.A. Dunlop and L. Simonetto (2016). A Fossil Whip-Scorpion (Arachnida:Thelyphonida) from the Upper Carboniferous of the Carnic Alps (Friuli, NE Italy). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia y Stratigrafia, Vol.122(1).


Order Araneae - Spiders

 

Spiders - Africa/Middle East

 

Penney, D. (2003). A new deinopoid spider from Cretaceous Lebanese amber.Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 48(4).

Penney, D. and P.A. Selden (2002). The Oldest Linyphiid Spider, In Lower Cretaceous Lebanese Amber (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Linyphiinae). The Journal of Arachnology, 30.

Penney, D., H. Ono and P.A. Selden (2005). A new synonymy for the Madagascan copal spider fauna (Araneae: Selenopidae). Journal of Afrotropical Zoology, 2.

Selden, P.A., H.M. Anderson, and J.M. Anderson (2009). A review of the fossil record of spiders (Araneae) with special reference to Africa, and description of a new specimen from the Triassic Molteno Formation of South Africa. African Invertebrates, Vol.50(1).

Selden, P.A., et al. (1999). Fossil Araneomorph Spiders from the Triassic of South Africa and Virginia. The Journal of Arachnology, 27.

 

Spiders - Asia/Indonesia/Pacific Islands

 

Hormiga, G. (2008). On the spider genus Weintrauboa (Araneae, Pimoidae), with a description of a new species from China and comments on its phylogenetic relationships. Zootaxa, 1814.

Penney, D. (2006). Fossil Oonopid Spiders in Cretaceous Ambers from Canada and Myanmar. Palaeontology, Vol.49, Part 1.

Penney, D. (2005). The Fossil Spider Family Lagonomegopidae in Cretaceous Ambers With Descriptions of a New Genus and Species from Myanmar. The Journal of Arachnology, 33.

Penney, D. (2003). Afrarchaea grimaldii, A New Species of Archaeidae (Araneae) in Cretaceous Burmese Amber. The Journal of Arachnology, 31.

Penney, D., et al. (2012). The oldest fossil pirate spider (Araneae: Mimetidae), in uppermost Eocene Indian amber, imaged using X-ray computed tomgraphy. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 15(9).

Selden, P.A. and H. Diying (2010). The oldest haplogyne spider (Araneae: Plectreurdae) from the Middle Jurassic of China. Naturwissenschaften, 97.

Selden, P.A., W. Zhang and D. Ren  (2016). A bizarre armoured spider (Araneae: Tetrablemmidae) from Upper Cretaceous Myanmar amber. Cretaceous Research, 66.

Selden, P.A., D. Ren and C.-K. Shih  (2015). Mesozoic cribellate spiders (Araneae: Deinopoidea) from China. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology.

Selden, P.A., C.-K. Shih and D. Ren (2011). A golden orb-weaver spider (Araneae: Nephilidae: Nephila) from the Middle Jurassic of China. Biology Letters, published online.

Selden, P.A., D. Huang and D. Ren (2008). Palpimanoid spiders from the Jurassic of China. The Journal of Arachnology, 36.

Selden, P.A., et al. (2012). A Fossil Spider from the Cretaceous of Korea. Journal of Paleontology, 86(1).

 

Spiders - Australia/New Zealand

 

Selden, P.A. and R.G. Beattie (2013). A spider fossil from the Jurassic Talbragar Fossil Fish Bed of New South Wales. Alcheringa, 37.

 

Spiders - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia)

 

Eskov, K.Y. and P.A. Selden (2005). First record of spiders from the Permian period (Araneae: Mesothelae). Bull.Br.arachnol.Soc., 13(4).

Eskov, K.Y. and S.L. Zonstein (2000). The First Ctenizoid Mygalomorph Spiders from Eocene Baltic Amber (Araneida: Mygalomorphae: Ctenizidae). Paleontological Journal, Vol.34, Suppl.3.

Penney, D. (2014). A Fossil Ray Spider (Araneae: Theridosomatidae) in Cretaceous Amber from Vendee, France. KU Paleontological Institute, Paleontological Contributions, Number 10B.

Penney, D. (2007). A new fossil oonopid spider in lowermost Eocene amber from the Paris Basin, with comments on the fossil spider assemblage. African Invertebrates, Vol. 48(1).
Penney, D. (2006). The Oldest Fossil Pholcid and Selenopid Spiders (Araneae) in Lowermost Eocene Amber from the Paris Basin, France. The Journal of Arachnology, 34.
Penney, D. (2006). The Oldest Lagonomegopid Spider, A New Species in Lower Cretaceous Amber from Alava, Spain. Geologica Acta, Vol.4, Number 003.

Penney, D., D.A. Grimaldi and X. Delclos (2006). Early Cretaceous Spider Web with Its Prey. Science, Vol.312.

Penney, D., et al. (2007). First fossil Micropholcommatidae (Araneae), imaged in Eocene Paris amber using X-Ray Computed Tomography. Zootaxa, 1623.

Perez-de la Fuente, R., E.E. Saupe and P.A. Selden (2013). New lagonomegopid spiders (Araneae: ƚ Legonomegopidae) from Early Cretaceous Spanish amber. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, Vol.11, Issue 5.

Petrunkevich, A. (1946). Fossil Spiders in the Collection of the American Museum of Natural History. Baltic Amber Spiders. American Museum Novitates, Number 1328.

Saupe, E.E. and P.A. Selden (2009). First fossil Mecysmaucheniidae (Arachnida, Chelicerata, Araneae) from Lower Cretaceous (uppermost Albian) amber of Charente-Maritime, France. Geodiversitas, 31(1).

Saupe, E.E., et al. (2012). New Orchestina Simon, 1882 (Araneae: Oonopidae) from Cretaceous Ambers of Spain and France: First Spiders Described Using Phase-Contrast X-Ray Synchrotron Microtomography. Palaeontology, Vol.55, Part 1.

Selden, P.A. (2014). A new spider (Araneae: Haplogynae: Plectreuridae) from the Cretaceous Fossil-Lagerstätte of El Montsec, Spain. The Journal of Arachnology, 42.

Selden, P.A. (2014). Spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from the Insect Limestone (Bembridge Marls, Late Eocene) of the Isle of Wight, southern England. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 104.

Selden, P.A. (2012). A redescription of Juraraneus rasnitsyni Eskov, 1984 (Araneae: Juraraneidae), from the Jurassic of Russia. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 15(9). 
Selden, P.A. (2010). A theridiosomatid spider from the Early Cretaceous of Russia. Bull.Brit.arachnol.Soc., 15(3).
Selden, P.A. (2002). First British Mesozoic Spider, From Cretaceous Amber of the Isle of Wight, Southern England. Palaeontology, Vol.45, Part 5.

Selden, P.A. (2001). Eocene Spiders from the Isle of Wight With Preserved Respiratory Structures. Palaeontology, Vol.44, Part 4.
Selden, P.A. (1996). First fossil mesothele spider, from the Carboniferous of France. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, vol. hor serie 2.
Selden, P.A. (1990). Lower Cretaceous Spiders from the Sierra De Montsech, North-East Spain. Palaeontology, Vol.33, Part 2.

Selden, P.A. and J.A. Dunlop  (2014). The first fossil spider (Araneae: Palpimanoidea) from the Lower Jurassic (Grimmen, Germany). Zootaxa, 3894(1).

Selden, P.A. and D. Penney (2003). Lower Cretaceous spiders (Arthropoda: Arachnida: Araneae) from Spain. N. Jb. Geol. Palaont. Mh., 2003(3).
Selden, P.A. and J-C Gall (1992). A Triassic Mygalomorph Spider from the Northern Vosges, France. Palaeontology, Vol.35, Part 1.

Zabka, M. (1988). Fossil Eocene Salticidae (Araneae) from the collection of the Museum of Earth in Warsaw. Annales Zoologici, Vol.41, Number 3.

 

Spiders - North America

 

Kinchloe Roberts, A., et al. (2008). Chapter 7. An outline morphometric approach to identifying fossil spiders: A preliminary examination from the Florissant Formation. In: Paleontology of the Upper Eocene Florissant Formation, Colorado. Myers, H.W. and D.M. Smith (eds.), Geological Society of America Special Paper 435.
Penney, D. (2006). Fossil Oonopid Spiders in Cretaceous Ambers from Canada and Myanmar. Palaeontology, Vol.49, Part 1.

enney, D. (2004). Cretaceous Canadian amber spider and the palpimandoidean nature of lagonomegopids. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 49(4).

Penney, D. (2004). New Spiders in Upper Cretaceous Amber from New Jersey in the American Museum of Natural History (Arthropoda: Araneae). Palaeontology, Vol.47, Part 2.

Penney, D. (2002). Spiders in Upper Cretaceous Amber from New Jersey (Arthropoda: Araneae). Palaeontology, Vol.45, Part 4.

Penney, D. and P.A. Selden (2006). First fossil Huttoniidae (Arthropoda: Chelicerata: Araneae) in late Cretaceous Canadian Amber. Cretaceous Research, 27.

Selden, P.A. and Y. Wang (2014). Fossil spiders (Araenae) from the Eocene Green River Formation of Colorado. Arthropoda Selecta, 23(2).

Selden, P.A. and D. Penney (2009). A fossil spider (Araneae: Pisauridae) of Eocene age from Horsefly, British Columbia, Canada. Contributions to Natural History, Number 12.

Selden, P.A., W.A. Shear, and P.M. Bonamo (1991). A Spider and Other Arachnids from the Devonian of New York, and Reinterpretations of Devonian Araneae. Palaeontology, Vol.34, Part 2.

Selden, P.A., et al. (1999). Fossil Araneomorph Spiders from the Triassic of South Africa and Virginia. The Journal of Arachnology, 27.

 

Spiders - South America/Central America/Caribbean

 

Downen, M.R. (2014). The Taxonomy and Taphonomy of Fossil Spiders from the Crato Formation of Brazil. Masters Thesis - University of Kansas. (Thanks to doushantuo for pointing this one out!)

Dunlop, J.A., D. Harms and D. Penney (2006). A fossil tarantula (Aranae: Theraphosidae) from Miocene Chiapas amber, Mexico. Revista Ibérica de Arachnologia, Vol.15.

Garcia-Villafuente, M.A. (2006). A new fossil Episinus (Araneae, Theridiidae) from tertiary Chiapas amber, Mexico. Revista Ibérica de Arachnologia, Vol.13.

Garcia-Villafuente, M.A. and D. Penney (2003). Lyssomanes (Araneae, Salticidae) in Oligocene-Miocene Chiapas Amber. The Journal of Arachnology, 31.

Huber, B.A. and J. Wunderlich (2006). Fossil and extant species of the genus Leptopholcus in the Dominican Republic, with the first cases of egg-parasitism in pholcid spiders (Aranaea: Pholcidae). Journal of Natural History, 40(41-43).

Penney, D. (2005). First Caribbean Floricomus (Araneae: Linyphiidae), A New Fossil Species in Miocene Dominican Amber. A New Synonymy for the Extant North American Fauna. Geologica acta, Vol.3, Number 1.

Penney, D. (2009). A new spider family record for Hispaniola - a new species of Plectreurys (Araneae: Plectreuridae) in Miocene Dominican amber. Zootaxa, 2144.

Penney, D. (2005). First Fossil Filistatidae: A New Species of Misionella in Miocene Amber from the Dominican Republic. The Journal of Arachnology, 33.

Penney, D. (2005). An annotated systematic catalog, including synonymies and transfers, of Miocene Dominican Republic amber spiders described up until 2005. Revista Iberica de Arachnologia.

Penney, D. (2001). Advances in the Taxonomy of Spiders in Miocene Amber from the Dominican Republic (Arthropoda: Araneae). Palaeontology, Vol.44, Part 5.

Penney, D. (2000). Miocene Spiders in Dominican Amber (Oonopidae, Mysmenidae). Palaeontology, Vol.43, Part 2.

Penney, D. and D.E. Perez-Gelabert (2002). Comparison of the Recent and Miocene Hispaniolan Spider Faunas. Revista Iberica de Arachnologia, 6(31).

Riquelme, F. and D.E. Hill (2013). Insights into amber salticids from the Neogene of Middle America, with the first report of Marpissinae (Araneae: Salticidae) from the Chiapas amber. Peckhamia, 106.1.

Saupe, E.E., P.A. Selden and D. Penney (2010). First Fossil Molinaranea Mello-Leitao, 1940 (Araneae: Araneidae), from middle Miocene Dominican amber, with a phylogenetic and palaeobiogeographical analysis of the genus. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 158.

Selden, P.A., F. da Costa Casado and M.V. Mesquita (2006). Mygalomorph Spiders (Araneae: Dipleuridae) from the Lower Cretaceous Crato Lagerstatte, Araripe Basin, North-East Brazil. Palaeontology, Vol.49, Part 4.

Selden, P.A., F. da Costa Casado and M.V. Mesquita (2002). Funnel-web Spiders (Araneae: Dipluridae) from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil. Boletim do 6o Simposio sobre o Cretacio do Brasil/ 2do Simposio sobre el Cretacico de America del Sur (2002).

 

General Spiders

 

Downen, M.R., P.A. Selden and S.T. Hasiotis (2016). Spider leg flexure as an indicator for estimating salinity in lacustrine paleoenvironments. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoedology, 445.

Dunlop, J.A., D. Penney and D. Jekel (2009). A summary list of fossil spiders. In: The world spider catalog. Platnik, N.I. (ed.), Version 10.0, American Museum of Natural History.

Hembree, D.I. (2017). Neoichnology of tarantulas (Araneae: Theraphosidae): Criteria for recognizing spider burrows in the fossil record. Palaeontologia Electronica, 20.3.45A.

Kinchloe Roberts, A., et al. (2008). Chapter 7. An outline morphometric approach to identifying fossil spiders: A preliminary examination from the Florissant Formation. In: Paleontology of the Upper Eocene Florissant Formation, Colorado. Myers, H.W. and D.M. Smith (eds.), Geological Society of America Special Paper 435.
Kuntner, M. (2005). Phylogenetic systematics of the Gondwanan nephilid spider lineage Clitaetrinae (Araneae, Nephilidae). Zoologica Scripta, 35,1.

Liu, J., et al. (2016). A revised and dated phylogeny of cobweb spiders (Araneae, Araneoidea, Theridiidae): A predatory Cretaceous lineage diversifying in the era of the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Molecular Phylogentics and Evolution, 94.
Penney, D. (2010). The evolution of jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae): the palaeontological evidence. Peckhamia, 81.1.

Penney, D. and P.A. Selden (2007). Fossils explained 55. Spinning with the dinosaurs: the fossil record of spiders. Geology Today, Vol.23, Number 6.
Penney, D. and P.A. Selden (2005). Assembling the Tree of Life - Phylogeny of Spiders: a review of the strictly fossil spider families. In: European Arachnology 2005. Deltshev, C. and P. Stoev (eds.), Acta zoologica bulgarica, Suppl.No. 1.

Penney, D., J.A. Dunlop and Y.M. Marusik (2012). Summary statistics for fossil spider species taxonomy. ZooKeys, 191.

Penney, D., C.P. Wheater and P.A. Selden (2003). Resistance of Spiders to Cretaceous-Tertiary Extinction Events. Evolution, 57(11).
Proszynski, J. and M. Zabka (1980). Remarks on Oligocene Amber Spiders of the Family Salticidae. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 25(2).

Selden, P.A. (1989). Orb-web weaving spiders in the early Cretaceous. Nature, Vol. 340.

Selden, P.A. and D. Penney (2010). Fossil Spiders. Biological Reviews, 85.

Selden, P.A., W.A. Shear and M.D. Sutton (2008). Fossil evidence for the origin of spider spinnerets, and a proposed arachnid order. PNAS, Vol.105, Number 52.

Vollrath, F. and P.A. Selden (2007). The Role of Behavior in the Evolution of Spiders, Silks and Webs. Annu.Rev.Ecol.Evol.Syst., 38.

Zschokke, S. (2004). Glue droplets in fossil spider webs. In: European Arachnology 2003. Logunov, D.V. and D. Penney (eds.), Arthropoda Selecta Special Issue Number 1.


Order(?) Haptopoda

 

Dunlop, J.A. (1999). A redescription of the Carboniferous arachnid Plesiosiro madeleyi Pocock, 1911 (Arachnida: Haptopoda). Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 90.

 

Order incertae sedis

 

Garwood, R.J., et al. (2016). Almost a spider: a 305-million-year-old fossil arachnid and spider origins. Proc.R.Soc. B, 283.

 

Order Opiliones - Harvestmen

 

Opiliones - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands

 

Giribet, G. and J.A. Dunlop (2005). First identifiable Mesozoic harvestman (Opiliones: Dyspnoi) from Cretaceous Burmese amber. Proc.R.Soc. B, Published on-line.

Gribet, G., et al. (2012). An exquisitely preserved harvestman (Arthropoda, Arachnida, Opiliones) from the Middle Jurassic of China. Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 12.

Huang, D., P.A. Selden and J.A. Dunlop (2009). Harvestmen (Arachnida: Opiliones) from the Middle Jurassic of China. Naturwissenschaften, 96.

Poinar, G. (2008). Palaeosiro burmanicum N.Gen., N.Sp., A Fossil Cyphophthalmi (Arachnida: Opiliones: Sironidae) in Early Cretaceous Burmese Amber. In: Advances in Arachnology and Developmental Biology. Papers Dedicated to Prof. Božidar Curčić. Markov, S.E. and R.N. Dimitrijević (eds.), Monographs, 12, Belgrade.

 

Opiliones - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia)

 

Dunlop, J.A. (2006). Baltic amber harvestman types (Arachnida: Opiliones: Eupnoi and Dyspnoi). Fossil Record, 9(2).

Dunlop, J.A. and L. Mammitzsch (2010). A new genus and species of harvestman from Baltic amber. Palaeodiversity, 3.

Dunlop, J.A. and P.G. Mitov (2011). The first fossil cyphophthalmid harvestman from Baltic amber. Arachnologische Mitteilungen, 40.

Dunlop, J.A. and P.G. Mitov (2009). Fossil harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones) from Bitterfeld amber. ZooKeys, 16.

Dunlop, J.A. and L.I. Anderson (2005). A Fossil Harvestman (Arachnida, Opiliones) from the Mississippian of East Kirkton, Scotland.The Journal of Arachnology, 33.
Dunlop, J.A. and G. Giribet (2003). The First Fossil Cyphophthalmid (Arachnida, Opiliones) from Bitterfeld Amber, Germany.The Journal of Arachnology, 31.
Dunlop, J.A., et al. (2004). A harvestman (Arachnida: Opiliones) from the Early Devonian Rhynie cherts, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Earth Sciences, 94.

Mitov, P.G., J.A. Dunlop and D. Penney (2015). A new species of Lacinus in amber (Arachnida: Opiliones). Foss.Rec., 18.

Murienne, J., I. Karaman and G. Gribet (2009). Explosive evolution of an ancient group of Cyphophthalmi (Arachnida: Opiliones) in the Balkan Peninsula. Journal of Biogeography.

Ubik, D. and J.A. Dunlop (2005). On the placement of the Baltic amber harvestman Gonyleptes nemastomoides Koch & Berendt, 1854, with notes on the phylogeny of Cladonychiidae (Opiliones, Laniatores, Travunioidea). Mitt.Mus.Nat.kd. Berl., Geowiss., Vol.8.

 

Opiliones - North America

 

Cokendolpher, J.C. and J.E. Cokendolpher (1982). Reexamination of the Tertiary Harvestmen from the Florissant Formation, Colorado (Arachnida: Opiliones: Palpatores). Journal of Paleontology, Vol.56, Number 5.

Dunlop, J.A. (2003). A spiny harvestman (Arachnida: Opiliones) from the Upper Carboniferous of Missouri, USA. In: European Arachnology 2003. Logunov, D.V. and Penney, D. (eds.), Special Issue No.1, 2004.

 

Opiliones - South America/Central America/Caribbean

 

Cokendolpher, J.C. (1992). Tertiary harvestmen from Dominican Republic amber (Arachnida: Opiliones: Phalangodidae).Bull. Br. arachnol. Soc., 9(2).
Cokendolpher, J.C. (1986). A New Species of Fossil Pellobunus from Dominican Republic Amber (Arachnida: Opiliones: Phalangodidae). Carib.J.Sci., 22(3-4).

 

General Opiliones

 

Giribet, G. and P.P. Sharma (2015). Evolutionary Biology of Harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones). Ann.Rev.Entomol., 60.

Giribet, G., et al. (2011). Evolutionary and biogeographical history of an ancient and global group of arachnids (Arachnida: Opiliones: Cyphophthalmi) with a new taxonomic arrangement. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society.
Giribet, G., et al. (2002). Phylogeny and Systematic Position of Opiliones: A Combined Analysis of Chelicerate Relationships Using Morphological and Molecular Data. Cladistics, 18.

Hedin, M., et al. (2012). Phylogenomic Resolution of Paleozoic Divergences in Harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones) via Analysis of Next-Generation Transcriptome Data. PLoS ONE, 7(8).

Selden, P.A., J.A. Dunlop and R.J. Garwood (2015). Carboniferous araneomorph spiders reinterpreted as long-bodied harvestmen. Journal of Systematic Paleontology, 14(2).

Sharma, P.P. and G. Giribet (2014). A revised dated phylogeny of the arachnid order Opiliones. Frontiers in Genetics, Vol.5, Article 255.

 

Order Palpigradi - Microwhip Scorpions

 

Engel, M.S., et al. (2016). The first Mesozoic microwhip scorpion (Palpigradi): a new genus and species in mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar. The Science of Nature, 103(3-4).

Rowland, J.M. and W.D. Sissom (1980). Report on a Fossil Palpigrade from the Tertiary of Arizona, and a Review of the Morphology and Systematics of the Order (Arachnida: Palpigradida). J. Arachnol., 8.

 

Order Pseudoscorpiones - Pseudoscorpions


Pseudoscorpiones - Africa/Middle East

 

Judson, M.L.I. (2010). Redescription of Chelifer eucarpus Dalman (Arachnida, Chelonethi, Withiidae) and first records of pseudoscorpions in copal from Madagascar and Colombia. Palaeodiversity, 3.

 

Pseudoscorpiones - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands

 

Henderickx, H. and M. Boone (2016). The Basal Pseudoscorpion Family Feaellidae Ellingsen, 1906 Walks the Earth for 98,000,000 Years: A New Fossil Genus Has Been Found in Cretaceous Burmese Amber (Pseudoscorpiones: Feaellidae). Publicatie Entomo-Info, 27(1).

 

Pseudoscorpiones - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia)

 

Henderickx, H. (2005). A new Geogarypus from Baltic amber (Pseudoscorpiones: Geogarypidae). Phegea, 33(3).

Henderickx, H., P. Tafforeau and C. Soriano (2012). Phase-contrast synchrotron microtomography reveals the morphology of a partially visible new Pseudogarypus in Baltic amber (Pseudoscorpiones: Pseudogarypidae). Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.15, Issue 2.

Henderickx, H., et al. (2013). The first pseudogarypid in Rovno amber (Ukraine) (Pseudoscorpiones: Pseudogarypidae). Phegea, 41(4).

Henderickx, H., et al. (2006). Description of a new fossil Pseudogarypus (Pseudoscorpiones: Pseudogarypidae) with the use of X-ray micro-CT to penetrate opaque amber. Zootaxa, 1305.

Judson, M.L.I. (2009). Cheliferoid pseudoscorpions (Arachnida, Chelonethi) from the Lower Cretaceous of France. Geodiversitas, 31(1).

Judson, M.L.I. (2003). Baltic amber fossil of Garypinus electri Beier provides first evidence of phoresy in the pseudoscorpion family Garypinidae (Arachnida: Chelonethi). In: European Arachnology 2003. Logunov, D.V. and D. Penney (eds.), Arthropoda Selecta, Special Issue Number 1.

Judson, M.L.I. (2003). Baltic amber pseudoscorpions (Arachnida, Chelonethi): a new species of Neobisium (Neobisiidae) and the status of Obisium rathkii Koch & Berendt. Geodiversitas, 25(3).

 

Pseudoscorpiones - North America

 

Schawaller, W. (1991). The First Mesozoic Pseudoscorpion, from Cretaceous Canadian Amber. Palaeontology, Vol.34, Part 4.

Schawaller, W., W.A. Shear and P.M. Bonamo (1991). The First Paleozoic Pseudoscorpions (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpionida). American Museum Novitates, Number 3009.

 

Pseudoscorpiones - South America/Central America/Caribbean

 

Judson, M.L.I. (2016). Pseudoscorpions (Arachnida, Chelonethi) in Mexican amber, with a list of extant species associated with mangrove and Hymenaea trees in Chiapas. Boletin de la Sociedad Geologica Mexicana, Vol.68, Number 1.

Judson, M.L.I. (2010). Redescription of Chelifer eucarpus Dalman (Arachnida, Chelonethi, Withiidae) and first records of pseudoscorpions in copal from Madagascar and Colombia. Palaeodiversity, 3.

Judson, M.L.I. (2007). First fossil record of the pseudoscorpion family Pseudochiridiidae (Arachnida, Chelonethi, Cheiridoidea) from Dominican amber. Zootaxa, 393.

Judson, M.L.I. (1998). A Sternophorid Pseudoscopion (Chelonethi) in Dominican Amber, With Remarks on the Family. The Journal of Arachnology, 26.

Riquelme, F., et al. (2014). A new chernetid pseudoscorpion from the Miocene Chiapas - Amber Lagerstätte, Mexico. Can.J. Earth Sci., 51.

 

General Pseudoscorpiones


Schawaller, W., W.A. Shear and P.M. Bonamo (1991). The First Paleozoic Pseudoscorpions (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpionida). American Museum Novitates, Number 3009.


Order Scorpiones - Scorpions


Scorpiones - Africa/Middle East

 

Baptista, C., et al. (2006). The Cretaceous scorpion genus, Archaeobuthus revisited (Scorpiones: Archaeobuthidae). Euscorpius, Number 35.

Gess, R.W. (2013). The earliest record of terrestrial animals in Gondwana: A scorpion from the Famennian (Late Devonian) Witpoort Formation of South Africa. African Invertebrates, Vol.54(2).

 

Scorpiones - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands

 

Lourenço, W.R. (2016). A preliminary synopsis on amber scorpions with special reference to Burmite species: an extraordinary development in our knowledge in only 20 years. ZooKeys, 600.

Santiago-Blay, J.A., et al. (2004). A New Genus and Subfamily of Scorpions from Lower Cretaceous Burmese Amber (Scorpiones: Chaerilidae). Revista Iberica de Arachnologia, Vol.9.

Santiago-Blay, J.A., et al. (2004). The Second Cretaceous Scorpion Specimen from Burmese Amber. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 2(2).

Walossek, D., C-S Li, and C. Brauckmann (1990). A scorpion from the Upper Devonian of Hubei Province, China (Arachnida, Scorpionida). N.Jb.Geol.Palaont.Mh., 1990(3).

 

Scorpiones - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia)

 

Dunlop, J.A. and P.A. Selden (2013). Scorpion fragments from the Silurian of Powys, Wales. Arachnology, 16(1).

Dunlop, J.A., C. Brauckmann and H. Steur (2008). A Late Carboniferous fossil scorpion from the Piesberg, near Osnabruck, Germany. Fossil Record, 11(1).

Dunlop, J.A., et al. (2016). Permian scorpions from the Petrified Forest of Chemnitz, Germany. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 16:72. 

Fet, V., D.E. Shcherbalov and M.E. Soleglad (2011). The First Record of Upper Permian and Lower Triassic Scorpions from Russia (Chelicerata: Scorpiones). Euscorpius - Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, Number 121.

Fet, V., et al. (2004). A scorpion from a peat bog: the first arthropod fossil from the Late Visean of the Moscow Coal Basin. Euscorpius - Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, Number 13.

Legg, D.A., et al. (2012). A taxonomic revision of orthosternous scorpions from the English Coal Measures aided by x-ray micro-tomography (XMT). Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.15, Issue 2.

Lourenço, W.R. (2009). A synopsis of the amber scorpions, with special reference to the Baltic fauna. Denisia 26, Neue Serie 86.

Lourenço, W.R. and W. Weitschat (2009). A new species of Palaeoananteris Lourenço & Weitschat, 2001, fossil scorpion from Ukrainian amber. Boletín Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, Number 45.

Novojilov, N. and L. Størmer (1963). A New Scorpion from the Upper Carboniferous of Siberia. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 43.

 

Scorpiones - North America

 

Dunlop, J.A., O.E. Tetlie and L. Prendini (2008). Reinterpretation of the Silurian Scorpion Proscorpius osborni (Whitfield): Integrating Data from Palaeozoic and Recent Scorpions. Palaeontology, Vol.51, Part 2.

Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. (1969). Scorpionida. The Holotype of Mazonia woodiana Meek and Worthen, 1868. Fieldiana Geology, Vol.12, Number 11.

Moore, J.I. (1922). A Review of the Present Knowledge of Fossil Scorpions With the Description of a New Species from the Pottsville Formation of Clay County, Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Acacemy of Science.

Santiago-Blay, J.A., M.E. Soleglad and V. Fet (2004). A Redescription and Family Placement of Uintascorpio Perry, 1995 from the Parachute Creek Member of the Green River Formation (Middle Eocene) of Colorado, USA (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Revista Iberica de Arachnologia, Vol.10, 31.

Selden, P.A. and W.A. Shear (1992). A Myriapod Identity for the Devonian "Scorpion" Tiphoscorpio hueberi. Ber.nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck, Suppl. 10.

Waddington, J., D.M. Rudkin and J.A. Dunlop (2015). A new mid-Silurian aquatic scorpion - one step closer to land? Biol.Lett., 11.

Whitfield, R.P. (1885). On a Fossil Scorpion from the Silurian rocks of America. American Museum of Natural History, Bulletin Number 6.

 

Scorpiones - South America/Central America/Caribbean

 

Lourenço, W.R. (2013). A new species of Tityus C.L. Koch, 1836 (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Dominican amber. Euscorpius, Number 156.

Riquelme, F., et al. (2015). New Fossil Scorpion from the Chiapas Amber Lagerstätte. PLoS ONE, 10(8).

Santiago-Blay, J.A. and G.O. Poinar (1993). First Scorpion (Buthidae: Centruroides) from Mexican Amber (Lower Miocene to Upper Oligocene). The Journal of Arachnology, 21.

Santiago-Blay, J.A. and G.O. Poinar (1988). A Fossil Scorpion Tityus geratus New Species (Scorpiones: Buthidae) from Dominican Amber. Historical Biology, Vol.1.

 

General Scorpiones
 

Jeram, A.J. (1998). Phylogeny, classification and evolution of Silurian and Devonian scorpions. In: Proceedings of the 17th European Colloquium of Arachnology. Selden, P.A. (ed.).

McCoy, V.E. and D.S. Brandt (2009). Scorpion taphonomy: criteria for distingishing fossil scorpion molts and carcasses. The Journal of Arachnology, 37.

Wills, R.J. (1960). The External Anatomy of Some Carboniferous 'Scorpions' - Part 2. Palaeontology, Vol.3, Part 3.
Wills, R.J. (1959). The External Anatomy of Some Carboniferous 'Scorpions' - Part 1. Palaeontology, Vol.1, Part 4.


Order Solifugae - Sun Spiders


Dunlop, J.A. and A.E. Klann (2009). A second camel spider (Arachnida, Solifugae) from Baltic amber. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol. 59.
Dunlop, J.A. and D.M. Martill (2004). Four Additional Specimens of the Fossil Camel Spider Cratosolpuga wunderlichi Selden 1996 (Arachnida: Solifugae)from the Lower Cretaceous Crato Formation of Brazil. Revista Iberica de Arachnologia, Vol.9.

Dunlop, J.A., J. Wunderlich and G.O. Poinar (2004). The first fossil opilioacariform mite (Acari: Opilioacariformes) and the first Baltic amber camel spider (Solifugae). Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 94.

Dunlop, J.A., et al. (2015). A camel spider from Cretaceous Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 56.
Selden, P.A. and W.A. Shear (1996). The First Mesozoic Solifugae (Arachnida) from the Cretaceous of Brazil, and a Redescription of the Palaeozoic Solifuge. Palaeontology, Vol.39, Part 3.


Order Trigonotarbida

 

Dunlop, J.A. (1996). A Trigonotarbid Arachnid from the Upper Silurian of Shropshire. Palaeontology, Vol.39, Part 3.
Dunlop, J.A. (1995). Redescription of the Pennsylvanian Trigonotarbid Arachnid Lissomartus Petrunkevitch 1949 from Mazon Creek, Illinois. The Journal of Arachnology, 23.

Dunlop, J.A. and R.J. Garwood (2014). Tomographic reconstruction of the exceptionally preserved trigonotarbid arachnid Eophrynus prestvicii. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 59(2).

Dunlop, J.A. and C. Brauckmann (2006). A new trigonotarbid arachnid from the Coal Measures of Hagen-Vorhalle, Germany. Fossil Record, 9(1).

Dunlop, J.A. and P.A. Selden (2004). A Trigonotarbid Arachnid from the Lower Devonian of Tredomen, Wales. Palaeontology, Vol.47, Part 6.

Dunlop, J.A. and R. Rossler (2013). The youngest trigonotarbid Permotarbus schuberti n.gen, n.sp. from the Permian Petrified Forest of Chemnitz in Germany. Fossil Record, 16(2).

Dunlop, J.A. and R. Rossler (2002). The Trigonotarbid Arachnid Anthracomartus voelkelianus (Anthracomartidae). The Journal of Arachnology, 30.
Garwood, R.J. and J.A. Dunlop (2011). Morphology and Systematics of Anthracomartidae (Arachnida: Trigonotarbida). Palaeontology, Vol.54, Part 1.

Garwood, R.J., J.A. Dunlop and M.D. Sutton (2009). High-fidelity X-ray micro-tomography reconstruction of siderite-hosted Carboniferous arachnids. Biol.Lett., 5.

Hyzny, M., et al. (2013). A fossil arachnid from Slovakia: the Carboniferous trigonotarbid Anthracomartus voelkelianus Karsch, 1882. Arachnology, 16(1).

Miller, R.F. and W.H. Forbes (2001). An Upper Carboniferous trigonotarbid, Aphantomartus pustulatus (Scudder, 1884), from the Maritimes Basin (Euramerican Coal Province), New Brunswick, Canada. Atlantic Geology, 37.
Selden, P.A. and G.L. Pillola (2009). A Trigonotarbid Arachnid from the Upper Carboniferous of the San Giorgio Basin, Sardinia. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.115, Number 2.

Shear, W.A. (2000). Gigantocharinus szatmaryi, A New Trigonotarbid Arachnid from the Late Devonian of North America (Chelicerata, Arachnida, Trigonotarbida). J.Paleont., 74(1).
Shear, W.A., et al. (1987). New Terrestrial Arachnids from the Devonian of Gilboa, New York (Arachnida, Trigonotarbida). American Museum Novitates, Number 2901.

Wright, D.F. and P.A. Selden (2011). A Trigonotarbid Arachnid from the Pennsylvanian of Kansas. Journal of Paleontology, 85(5).

 

General Arachnida

 

Dunlop, J.A. (1997). Palaeozoic arachnids and their significance for arachnid phylogeny. Proc. 16th Europ.Coll.Arachnol.

Dunlop, J.A. and M. Webster (1999). Fossil Evidence, Terrestrialization, and Arachnid Phylogeny. The Journal of Arachnology, 27.

Garwood, R.J. and J. Dunlop (2014). Three-dimensional reconstruction and the phylogeny of extinct chelicerate orders. PeerJ, 2:e641.

Jeram, A.J., P.A. Selden and D. Edwards (1990). Land Animals in the Silurian: Arachnids and Myriapods from Shropshire, England. Science, Vol.250.

Scudder, S.H. (1895). Canadian Fossil Insects, Myriapods and Arachnids. Contributions to Canadian Palaeontology, Vol.II, Part I. (169 pages)

Selden, P.A., et al. (2014). Arachnids from the Carboniferous of Russia and Ukraine, and the Permian of Kazakhstan. Palaontol.Z., 88.

Shultz, J.W. (2007). A phylogenetic analysis of the arachnid orders based on morphological characters. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 150.

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