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DPS Ammonite

Arizona Paleontology Papers by Lithostratigraphic Unit

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Here is an annotated list of the best Arizona paleontology literature organized                        Back to main page

by lithostratigraphic unit. 


Chinle Formation


Geolex  Publications. link



Coconino Formation


Geolex  Publications. link



Brand., L. R. (1979).  Field and Laboratory Studies on the Coconino Sandstone (Permian) Fossil Vertebrate Footprints and Their Paleoecological Implications.  Palaeogeog.  Palaeoclimat.  Palaeoecol., 28:25-38.  link Controversial paper that tries to recreate trackways made in Coconino Sandstone. Concludes that they were most likely made underwater. 


Brand, L.R., and J. Kramer. (1996). Underprints of Vertebrate and Invertebrate Trackways in the Permian Coconino Sandstone in Arizona. Ichnos, 4:225-230. link. Many prints in the Coconino may actually be underprints.


Erickson, Bruce R. (2011). Lower Permian Tracks and Traces in the Science Museum of Minnesota. Ichnofossils III. Volume 5: Paleontology. 120 pp. link. Great photos of only Coconino trace fossils.


Dakota Formation

Kirkland, J. I. (1996). Paleontology of the Greenhorn Cylcothem (Cretaceous: Late Cenomanian to Middle Turonian) at Black Mesa, northeastern ArizonaNew Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 9:1-131   link


Fort Apache Member of Schnebly Hill Formation


Geolex Publications. link   


Winters, S.S. (1963). Supai Formation (Permian) of Eastern Arizona. Geological Society of America Memoir, 89, 99 p. link. Best paper for fossils. Additional species have been found by TFF members waiting to be properly documented. Behind a paywall.


 Blakey link Great stratigraphy of nearby units.


Frazier, R.H. (1961). The Fort Apache Limestone of East Central Arizona. M.S. thesis, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, 58 p. link.


Gerard, Thomas A. (1964). Environmental Studies of the Fort Apache Member,  Supai Formation, (Permian) East-Central Arizona. Phd Dissertation, University of Arizona. link .Best stratigraphy.


Arizona Chris' TFF posts: link link link link link link link link  link link link link 



Hualapai Formation


Blair, W. N. and A . K. Armstrong. 1979. Hualapai Limestone Member of the Muddy Creek Formation: the Youngest Deposit Predating the Grand Canyon, Southeastern Nevada and Northwestern ArizonaUSGS Professional Paper 111.   Link. Pictures of fossils.


Geolex: link


Kaibab Formation


Geolex Publications. link


Batten, R. L. (1989). Permian Gastropoda of the Southwestern United States. 7. Pleurotomariacea: Eotomariidae, Lophospiriidae, GosseletinidaeAmerican Museum Novitates  2958:1-64.


Chronic, Halka. (1952). Molluscan Fauna from the Permian Kaibab Formation, Walnut Canyon, Arizona. Geological Society of America Bulletin 63, no. 2, p. 95-165.  link. Very good resource for mollusks.


Cisne, J. L. (1971). Paleoecology of Trilobites of the Kaibab Limestone (Permian) in Arizona, Utah, and Nevada. Journal of Paleontology 45(3)45: 525-533. 


Hodnett, J. P. M., Elliott, D. K., Olson, T. J., & Wittke, J. H. (2012). Ctenacanthiform Sharks from the Permian Kaibab Formation, Northern ArizonaHistorical Biology 24 (4), 381-395. Good paper on Permian sharks. link.


Hunt, A.P., et al. (2005). Permian Vertebrates of Arizona. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in Heckert, A.B. and S.G. Lucas (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin Number 29. link. Vertebrates are not common in the Arizona Permian.


Nicol, D. 1944. Paleoecology of Three Faunules in the Permian Kaibab Formation at Flagstaff, ArizonaJournal of Paleontology 18(6):553-557.



Lipinski, P.W., (1976). The Gamma Member of the Kaibab Formation (Permian) in northern Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. thesis, 183 p.



McKee, E. D. (Edwin Dinwiddie). (1938). The Environment and History of the Toroweap and Kaibab Formations of Northern Arizona and Southern Utah. Washington, D. C.: Carnegie institution of Washington. link.

Naco Formation


Geolex Publications. info


ASU West. Fossils of the Naco Formation.  link Photos of fossils from the now gone original Kohl's Ranch site.


Beus, S.S., and Brew, D.C., 1978, Paleontology of the Naco Formation in the Kohl Ranch area, Arizona, in Burt, D.M., and Pewe, T.L., eds., Guidebook to the geology of central Arizona, 74th Cordilleran Section Meeting, Geological Society of America, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona: Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology Special Paper no. 2, p. 131-137.  LinkBest free paper on the Kohl’s Ranch paleo site Naco fossils. 

D. C. Brew and S. S. Beus . 1976. A Middle Pennsylvanian fauna from the Naco Formation near Kohl Ranch Central Arizona. Journal of Paleontology 50:888–906.
Brew, Douglas C. 1970. The Naco Formation (Pennsylvanian) in central Arizona. Plateau 42:126–138.

DYER, H.C., and ELLIOTT, D.K., 2003, Endoskeletozoan trace fossil from the Pennsylvanian Naco Formation at Kohl Ranch, central Arizona (abstract): Proceedings of the Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science, v. 38, p. 37
D. K. Elliott and D. C. Brew . 1988. Cephalopod predation on a Desmoinesian brachiopod from the Naco Formation, central Arizona. Journal of Paleontology 62:145–147.
Elliott, David & BOUNDS, SUSANNE. (2007). Causes of damage to brachiopods from the Middle Pennsylvanian Naco Formation, central Arizona. Lethaia. 20. 327 - 335. 
Elliott, David K., Randall B. Irmis, Michael C. Hansen & Thomas J. Olson (2004), Chondrichthyans from the Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian) Naco Formation of central Arizona, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24:2, 268-280,DOI: 10.1671/1978
Irmis, R. B., & Elliott, D. K. (2006). Taphonomy of a Middle Pennsylvanian Marine Vertebrate Assemblage and an Actualistic Model for Marine Abrasion of Teeth. Palaios, 21(5), 466-479.   Great pictures of shark teeth and the outcrops they appear in.  Link.


Lundin, Robert F. and Colin Sumrall. (1999). Ostrocodes From The Naco Formation (Upper Carboniferous) At The Kohl Ranch Locality, Central Arizona. Journal of Paleontology. 73. 454-460. link.  Microfossils from classic now gone site.


Parker, J.T.C., Steinkampf, W.C., and Flynn, M.E., 2005, Hydrogeology of the Mogollon Highlands, central Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5294, 87p.    Link     Map of Naco/Redwall contact.


Reid, A.M. (1968). Biostratigraphy of the Naco Formation (Pennsylvanian) of South-Central Arizona. Ph.D. Dissertation - The University of Arizona. (340 pages) link. Micropaleontology only.


Reid, A.M. (1966). Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Naco Formation in the Southern Dripping Springs Mountains, Near Winkelman, Gila County, Arizona. Masters Thesis - The University of Arizona. link One of best papers on Naco fossils. Lists many species and has so so photos.


Neuman, Ben. Pictorial Guide to Upper Pennsylvanian Fossils in conjunction with the Dallas Paleontological Society link.  Great photos of fossils; some found in the Naco.


Sumrall, Colin O. 1992. Spiraclavus nacoensis, a new species of clavate agelacrinitid edrioasteroid from central Arizona. Journal of Paleontology 66:90–98. 


Webster, G. D. (1981). New Crinoids from the Naco Formation (Middle Pennsylvanian) of Arizona and a Revision of the Family Cromyocrinidae. Journal of Paleontology. 55:1176-1199.


G. D. Webster and T. J. Olson . 1998. Nacocrinus elliotti, a new pachylocrinid from the Naco Formation (Pennsylvanian, Desmoinesian) of central Arizona. Journal of Paleontology 72:510–512. 


Webster, Gary & Elliott, David. (2004), New information on crinoids (Echinodermata) from the Pennsylvanian Naco Formation of central Arizona. The Mountain Geologist. 41. 77-86. 


Arizona Chris' TFF posts link



Martin Formation


Geolex Publications. link.


Day link


Beus, S. (1978). Late Devonian (Frasnian) Invertebrate Fossils from the Jerome Member of the Martin Formation, Verde Valley, Arizona. Journal of Paleontology, 52(1), 40-54. link Great resource with photos.


Hussakof, L. (1942). Fishes from the Devonian of Arizona. American Museum Novitates, Number 1186. link Mentions Mt. Eldon Fauna near Flagstaff.


Huddle, J.W. and E. Dobrovolny (1952). Devonian and Mississippian Rocks of Central Arizona. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 233-D. link Great stratigraphy paper. Helps to identify several fossil bearing formations in northern Arizona. Mentions several fossil bearing areas.


Stoyanow, A., 1948. Molluscan faunule from Devonian Island Mesa Beds, ArizonaJournal of Paleontology 22(6):783-791 


Stumm, Erwin C., (1948). Upper Devonian Compound Tetracoral from the Martin Limestone. Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 22:1, pp. 40-47. link


Meader, N.M. (1977). Paleoecology and Paleoenvironments of the Upper Devonian Martin Formation in the Roosevelt Dam-Globe Area, Gila County, Arizona. Masters Thesis - The University of Arizona. linkMentions many fossils and several sites where they are found.


Views of the Mahantango link link link link link link link link Blog by TFF member with photos about collecting near Payson. Several articles.



Escabrosa Formation


Geolex Publications. link 



Redwall Formation   


Geolex Publication link


Brezinski, David. (2017). Trilobites from the Redwall Limestone (Mississippian) of Arizona. Annals of Carnegie Museum. 84. 165-171. link Best paper for Redwall trilobites.


Carter, John L., David K. Brezinski, Albert D. Kollar and J. Thomas Dutro Jr. (2014). Brachiopoda Taxonomy and Biostratigraphy of the Redwall Limestone (Lower Mississippian) of Arizona. Annals of Carnegie Museum 82(3):257-290. link The best article for Redwall brachiopods.


Easton, W. H. and Gutschick, R. C. (1953). Corals from the Redwall Limestone (Mississippian) of Arizona. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences: Vol. 52: Iss. 1. link Quality paper for descriptions, pictures and localities of corals.


Huddle, J.W. and E. Dobrovolny. (1952). Devonian and Mississippian Rocks of Central Arizona. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 233-D. link Great stratigraphy paper. Helps to identify several fossil bearing formations in northern Arizona. Mentions several fossil bearing areas.


McKee, Edwin D., Raymond C. Gutschick and Betty Skipp. (1969). History of the Redwall Limestone of Northern Arizona. Volume 114 of Memoir (Geological Society of America) link Best all around paper for the paleontology of the Redwall. Behind paywall.


Bowsher, A. (1954). The Stratigraphic Significance of a Crinoid from the Redwall Limestone of Arizona. Journal of Paleontology, 28(1), 113-116. link


Sando, William J. (1963). New Species of Colonial Rugose Corals from the Mississippian of Northern Arizona. Journal of Paleontology, v. 37, no. 5, p.1074-1079, plates. 145, 146, 1 fig. link

Sando, William J. (1964). Stratigraphic importance of corals in the Redwall Limestone, Northern Arizona. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 501-C, p. C39-C42, 3 figs. link


Schur, Chris. (1995). Transitional Lithology and Paleofauna for the Escabrosa and Redwall Limestone Contact in Central Arizona. Found in: Proceedings of the third annual Fossils of Arizona Symposium, November 18, 1995 / edited by Debra Boaz ... [et al.].

link.   Great photos of fossils.


Spencer, J.E., Richard, S.M., Ferguson, C.A., and Gilbert, W.G. (1999). Preliminary Bedrock Geologic Map and Cross Sections of the Windy Hill 7.5' Quadrangle, Gila County, Arizona. Arizona Geological Survey Open File Report, OFR-99-12, 1 map sheet, map scale 1:24,000. link  Redwall is fossiliferous in the area.


Schnebly Hill Formation


Geolex Publication. link


McGoon, Jr., D O. (1962). Occurrences of Paleozoic Carbonaceous Deposits in the Mogollon Rim Region. in Guidebook of the Mogollon Rim Region, East-Central Arizona, 1962: New Mexico Geological Society Thirteenth Field Conference, p. 90-91. link  Pennsylvanian/Permian plant fossils.


J. E. Canright and E. B. Blazey. (1974). A Lower Permian flora from Promontory Butte, Central Arizona. In S.R. Ash(ed.), Guidebook to Devonian, Permian and Triassic Plant Localities, East-central Arizona. Paleobotanical Section, Botanical Society of America, 25th Annual AIBS Meeting 57-62 [H. Sims/S. Ostrowski]


Blazey, E.B., (1974), Fossil Flora of the Mogollon Rim, Central Arizona: Palaeontographica, v. B146, p. 1-20.


Surprise Canyon Formation 


Hodnett, John-Paul & Elliott, David. (2018). Carboniferous Chondrichthyan Assemblages from the Surprise Canyon and Watahomigi formations (Latest Mississippian-Early Pennsylvanian) of the Western Grand Canyon, Northern Arizona. Journal of Paleontology. 92. 10.1017/jpa.2018.72. link


Tidwell, W. D., J. R. Jennings, and S. S. Beus. (1992). A Carboniferous Flora from the Surprise Canyon Formation in the Grand Canyon, ArizonaJournal of Paleontology 66(6):1013-1021.


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