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  • Juvenile Tyrannosaurus rex Tooth


    Images:

    ThePhysicist

    Taxonomy

    Tyrannosaurus rex

    Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata
    Class: Reptilia
    Order: Avetheropoda
    Family: Tyrannosauridae
    Genus: Tyrannosaurus
    Species: Tyrannosaurus rex
    Author Citation Osborn, 1905

    Geological Time Scale

    Eon: Phanerozoic
    Era: Mesozoic
    Period: Cretaceous
    Sub Period: None
    Epoch: Late

    Stratigraphy

    Hell Creek Formation

    Provenance

    Acquired by: Purchase/Trade

    Dimensions

    Width: 8 mm
    Height: 13 mm
    Thickness: 4 mm

    Location

    Garfield County
    Montana
    United States

    Comments

    Identification:

    This tooth was sold as being from a Dromaeosaur. The serrations' shape and their similarity on both carinae say otherwise. 

    In the Hell Creek Formation, there are potentially two Tyrannosaur species. If Nanotyrannus is invalid, then this is automatically a T. rex tooth. For those who consider Nanotyrannus to be valid, this tooth is still T. rex based on the robustness of the tip and serrations, and the CHR (Crown Height Ratio). Tyrannosaurus maxillary teeth may still have minor basal compression, as this one does.

    This is from a juvenile animal based on its small size and feeding wear (thus it's not a germ tooth).

    Thanks to @Troodon and @hxmendoza for their help with identification. I also contacted Christophe Hendrickx, who also said it was from a young T. rex.

    Other:

    Mesial Serration Density: ~ 4 serrations / mm.

    Distal Serration Density: ~ 4 serrations / mm.

    Note: Serration density alone is not an identifying feature of Tyrannosaur teeth this small.

    This tooth is from the right maxilla based on the wear on the lingual face. Feeding wear is also visible on some of the serrations.

    Citation:

    OSBORN, HENRY, 1905. Tyrannosaurus and other Cretaceous carnivorous dinosaurs, Bulletin of the AMNH, Volume 21, Article 14, Pages 259-265, https://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/1464



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