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  1. freerangetraveler

    Possible Enamel???

    Spent the day out on Post Oak Creek in Sherman Texas… I met some new friends and found a fairly good haul of shark teeth. In addition, I think I may have stumbled across a small piece of enamel… Maybe mastodon??? I’d love to get the groups thoughts on what that is (or tell me if I’m way off base). cheers!
  2. freerangetraveler

    6 Weekend Trips In North Texas…

    I’m still very new to fossils, but I’ve been hunting in and around North Texas the last 6 weekends… This is the best 25% of what I’ve found so far.
  3. I have been doing more research on my unidentified Middle/Upper Coniacian heteromorph ammonite that I posted pictures and information on here, and with lots of papers and information from Keith Minor I think that I have narrowed it down to two ammonite genera, Neocrioceras and Pseudoxybeloceras. He sent lots of very helpful papers including Kennedy and Cobban's 1991 paper Coniacian ammonite faunas from the United States Western Interior. It includes pictures and information on 3 species of Neocrioceras and one species of Pseudoxybeloceras from the Coniacian Western Interior. Keith also emailed me some information that I will show here. At first I thought that my specimen could be Smedaliceras durhami which is so far known only from the Campanian Burditt Formation of south Texas. That was way out there and Keith didn't even consider that possibility because of how out there that suggestion was. Then I saw pictures on the internet of an Allocrioceras hazzardi specimen from Utah that did look similar to mine. The main problem with that theory is that A. hazzardi doesn't have lateral tubercles, so scratch that. It was after exchanging emails with Keith that I came to my aforementioned conclusion, that my specimen is either of the genera Neocrioceras or Pseudoxybeloceras. After studying Kennedy and Cobban 1991 a bit further it seems to me that Neocrioceras (Schlueterella) sp. most closely resembles my specimen. N. sp. has one set of lateral and ventral tubercles on both sides of the specimen respectively. The tubercles connect groups of 2-3 ribs. Between the tuberculate groups there are up to 6 finer non-tuberculate ribs. At first I said that on my specimen there were 7 non-tuberculate ribs between the tuberculate ones but on closer examination the tuberculate ribs come in groups like N. sp. with one tubercle connecting two ribs. In reality my specimen has 6 non-tuberculate ribs between each tuberculate group consisting of two ribs. The main difference that I notice is that my specimen has much weaker lateral tubercles than N. sp. Interestingly, Neocrioceras is not known from the Austin Chalk but there are a couple Pseudoxybeloceras specimens reported from the Santonian stage of the Austin Chalk in central Texas. The main reason why I don't think my specimen is Pseudoxybeloceras is because the species P. dispar, the only species of this genus reported from the Coniacian Western Interior in Kennedy and Cobban 1991, is quadrituberculate on every rib with no ribs being non-tuberculate. But I will say that I have not seen nor read any detailed descriptions of the Pseudoxybeloceras species found in the Austin Chalk so I still consider it a very possible candidate, though my specimen is considerably older. @Wrangellian, I know that you have experience with this genus from the Santonian. What do you think? In this post I also include 3 pictures of 2 different inoceramid specimens I found along with my heteromorph specimen. I sent Keith these pictures to help pin point my heteromorph's stratigraphic position in the Coniacian. Anyone have any ideas on what species they are? From what I am hearing from Keith my ammonite specimen could be a bit older than the Prionocycloceras gabrielense zone if these inoceramids are in the Magadiceramus subquadratus group. I will update this thread when I receive more information. Here are the edited relevant emails from my exchange with Keith: ______________________________ Keith Minor, February 17. Hi Heteromorph, According to Kennedy et al., Phlycticrioceras douvillei and P. oregonensis are junior synonyms of P. trinodosum. P. trinodosum has been found in several areas around the Cretaceous Tethys Sea. According to Walaszczyk, The Trinodosum Zone is middle Coniacian, which is consistent with the level that you are finding your specimens. Cremnoceramus ranges up into the middle Coniacian. However, I think that the clams that you have are probably Magadiceramus, probably M. subquadratus group. So the heteromorphs are slightly lower than the Prionocycloceras gabrielense's that you are finding, and your Texanitine could actually be Protexanites shoshonense, which would be about the right level. Also, I didn't put two and two together, but that big piece of a heteromorph that you showed me may actually be Neocrioceras, which doesn't have tubercles, or Pseudoxybeloceras, with small tubercles that fade on the body chamber. I hope this helps! Keith ______________________________ Heteromorph, February 22. Here are two websites with the pictures of the alleged Allocrioceras hazzardi specimen that I found pictures of online. The more I look at the pictures the less I think that the specimen is really A. hazzardi. I have never seen another A. hazzardi specimen that looks like it and all the descriptions that I have read on the species don't indicate this kind of variation. I now believe that it was misidentified, but I wonder what you think. http://www.ammonoid.com/coniacian.htm https://www.tonmo.com/threads/heteromorphs.11130/page-4#post-156740 So, do you have an opinion as to what species my specimen is? For me I am having trouble deciding between Pseudoxybeloceras (Pseudoxybeloceras) dispar or Neocrioceras sp. What I do know is that the alleged A. hazzardi specimen from Utah very much resembles mine. Thank you for all your help! ______________________________ Keith Minor, February 22. Hi Heteromorph, I see the images. Yes, that is definitely Allocrioceras hazzardi. It ranges from the Upper Turonian (Prionocyclus hyatti Zone) to the Upper Coniacian (Prionocycloceras gabrielense Zone). I don't know of any Santonian species. Hazzardi is probably the descendant of Allocrioceras annulatum from the Upper Cenomanian. Kennedy also described A. conlini, but I'm not sure that this is a separate species. I attached (as a Google Drive link) Kennedy's review of Eagle Ford ammonites (Texas). You can see that the ribs are all the same size in annulatum, but in hazzardi, the the spine-bearing ribs are bigger, and also hazzardi is a larger species. I double checked to see if Hamites and Anisoceras ranges up into the Coniacian, but they disappear in the Cenomanian (as far as I can tell), so these genera can be ruled out. However, Neocrioceras and Pseudoxybeloceras are genera that need to be considered. I have some papers on these, I think from South Africa. I'll find those when I have time. There's a couple of Pseudoxybeloceras specimens from the Austin Chalk from central Texas (Santonian). Kind regards, Keith Late Cenomanian and Turonian Ammonite faunas from north-east and central Texas ______________________________ P1 - Inoceramid oyster P2 - Same inoceramid oyster showing more clearly the perpendicular ribbing.
  4. This heteromorphic species is characterized by an open plain spiral shape with slightly rursiradiate ribs and 3 sets of tubercles; 2 sets of ventrolateral tubercles, and 1 set of ventral tubercles. The whorl section is compressed and does not have constrictions in United States specimens but does have constrictions in many European specimens. The distance between ribs is roughly the same as the width of a rib. As far as I know, there are only two species reported for this genus, with the other being Phlycticrioceras rude from the late Santonian of France (Kennedy 1995). P. trinodosum is the only species reported in Texas. This species shows two morphotypes, with the more commonly found robust from having a lower rib index and the less commonly found gracile form having a higher rib index. This dimorphism is likely sexual, with the robust form being female and the gracile form being male. This particular specimen is a robust form with a rib index of roughly 3 1/2, but some gracile specimens of this species exhibit a rib index of up to 8 (Emerson 1994). The highest rib index of a P. trinodosum specimen that I have found is 7, this being on a fragment of a very mature gracile specimen. That specimen (seen here) shows very weak ventrolateral tubercles, a trait shared with all the other gracile specimens that I have seen thus far. This is in contrast to the strong ventrolateral tubercles of the robust form. It was broken in two when it separated from the rock shown in the last photo, with its outer whorl being shown in the 4th and 5th photos. The outer whorl is 53mm long, and at the top where the whorl height is measurable, it is 16mm. You can see in the photos of the main part of the specimen, the impression of where its outer whorl once was. The complete specimen would be about 65-70mm in diameter if its outer whorl was still connected. When applicable and needed, I have put the relevant pages for information, plates, and text figures at the end of references: Ulrich Kaplan und William James Kennedy (1994). Ammoniten des westfälischen Coniac. Geologie und Paläontologie in Westfalen, Heft 31, 155 S. Pages 53, 54; Tafel 37, Figures 2-4, 9-15 on pages 142, 143; Tafel 43, Figure 3 on pages 154, 155. Zdenek Vašíček (1990). Coniacian ammonites from Štíty in Moravia (Czechoslovakia). Sbornik geologickych ved, Paleontologie 32, Pages 163-195. Pages 177, 179; Plate VI with its explanation is on page 193. Young, K. (1963). Upper Cretaceous Ammonites from the Gulf Coast of the United States. University of Texas, Publication 6304, 373 pp. Pages 45, iv, 39, 47, 371; P. sp. cfr. douvillei on pages 45, iv, 23, 26, 29, 371; Plate 4, figures 2, 3 on pages 150, 151; Plate 11, figure 2 on pages 168, 169; text figure 7 f, h on pages 156, 157. W. J. Kennedy (1984). Systematic Paleontology and Stratigraphic Distribution of the Ammonite Faunas of the French Coniacian. Palaeontological Association, London, Special Papers in Palaeontology, No. 31. Pages 136, 137; Plate 32, figures 4, 11 on pages 140, 141; text figure 42E on pages 146, 147. David L. Clark (1963). The Heteromorph Phlycticrioceras in the Texas Cretaceous. Journal of Paleontology, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 429-432. W. J. Kennedy, M. Bilotte and P. Melchior (1995). Ammonite faunas, biostratigraphy and sequence stratigraphy of the Coniacian-Santonian of the Corbieres (NE Pyrenees). Additional links to information concerning this paper can be found here and with the species Phlycticrioceras rude, listed here. Kennedy, W.J. and Cobban (1991). Coniacian Ammonite Faunas from the United States Western Interior. Palaeontological Association, London, Special Papers in Palaeontology, No. 45, 96pp. Barbra L. Emerson, John H. Emerson, Rosemary E. Akers and Thomas J. Akers (1994). Texas Cretaceous Ammonites and Nautiloids. Paleontology Section, Houston Gem and Mineral Society, Texas Paleontology Series Publication No. 5, 438 pp. Pages 285, 286, 388, 422. Ulrich Andrew S. Gale, William James Kennedy, Jackie A. Lees, Maria Rose Petrizzo and Ireneusz Walaszczyk (2007). An integrated study (inoceramid bivalves, ammonites, calcareous nannofossils, planktonic foraminifera, stable carbon isotopes) of the Ten Mile Creek section, Lancaster, Dallas County, north Texas, a candidate Global boundary Stratotype Section and Point for the base of the Santonian Stage. Acta Geologica Polonica, Vol. 57, No. 2, pp. 113-160. The 1st, 2nd, 4th and 8th papers also contain information on Tridenticeras, another heteromorphic genus found in the Austin Chalk alongside P. trinodosum. A big thanks to DPS Ammonite. This is my first post to 'Collections' and he helped me get it all straight.
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