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Found 6 results

  1. What are the laws on collecting on public land in GA (ie roads) etc?
  2. I am sure many of you are buyers as well as collectors, and one issue we would hate to face would be to have your legal fossils impounded by the customs, whether it be during delivery from overseas, or when you travel aboard with fossils. Personally, I've faced this situation twice. The first was when I imported a meg tooth from North Carolina. I was summoned to the customs office for smuggling in shark products. Thankfully, I managed to convince them that the megalodon was in fact extinct and not heavily endangered(glad the officer wasn't a living-meg conspiracist). Two years later, I had a Judith River theropod tooth seized mid-delivery, and I had to go to the customs again. This time, I had the misfortune of facing a paranoid officer who was determined that dinosaur fossils did not belong in personal collections. I did not have official papers with me declaring that the fossil was legal, and the officer grilled me for an hour on why I was smuggling precious dinosaur fossils. I challenged him to prove my Judith River fossil was illegal. He couldn't. Finally, after his higher-up was involved, they admitted my dinosaur tooth wasn't illegal after all, and I was allowed to keep it. It isn't always a happy ending however. My friend who was travelling overseas had bought common fossils like a Moroccan mosasaur jaw and some ammonites. In Paris, they seized his fossils, saying they had to check for the legality of the specimens. As he was in mid-travel, he had no choice but to leave his fossils behind. He never saw his fossils again, not even after negotiating with them for months. All this because he couldn't produce legal papers. Buyers and diggers would understand - most of the time you wouldn't be getting documentation from museums for your fossils... unless they are important specimens, in which case you shouldn't be trading them at all. But if you lack the papers, the customs can seize your fossil at any time if you can't prove it is legal. Do you see the logical fallacy here? Imagine say, you dug up your own tyrannosaur tooth in USA, stopped by Canada for a holiday, only to have the customs seize your fossil because you are unable to proof it isn't found in Canada. How would you feel? So to everyone who buys fossils, or bring them across countries, how would you ensure that your legal fossils can get through the customs?
  3. I posted this in answer to a post, but thought for visibility I would also post it here. Although part of me is ok with people thinking it is illegal to take fossils out of New Zealand, this is not accurate. As a New Zealander I perhaps would be happy for people to think our fossils are not to be removed, but in the interests of accuracy I thought I should correct this. I know TFF members with New Zealand fossils and I wouldn't want them thinking they had done something illegal by collecting fossils themselves from NZ or trading for them. It is illegal to export or remove Protected Objects. Some but not all fossils are categorized as protected objects. Fossils that are protected objects: From Schedule 4 of the Protected Objects Act http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1975/0041/latest/DLM432617.html 3)Objects in this category include— (a)a category of type specimen as defined by the current edition of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, or the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria: Bacteriological Code: (b)a specimen considered to be scientifically important for defining a taxon through having been illustrated in the original description, or new material subsequently illustrated (that is, hypotypes) and used to expand or refine this description in the scientific literature: (c)a specimen of an extant or extinct plant or rock or mineral, animal, or other organism or fossil or part thereof including any developmental stage, shell, or skeletal or supporting element, of which there is not a sufficient selection in New Zealand public collections to define the variation, range, and environmental context of the taxon or object. This does not include all fossils. Still please, like we would expect elsewhere in the world be respectful of our fossil deposits only collect for yourself and not mass sale (This may be illegal). Contact an expert if you think you have something important.
  4. This morning I had an unexpected day off from work and decided to head to Gainesville's creeks. I've done this many, many times before as I've been hunting fossils most of my life- Today I was approached by a member of City of Gainesville Department of Parks, Recreation and Cultural Affairs. I had only just arrived and started to dig below the waterline as I always do; but she educated me that there is a rule within the municipal city limits of Gainesville, stating that "no designated city park should allow creek access or digging in creeks within park boundaries." This is part of a larger conservation and erosion control effort by local habitat management. I made sure to be very cooperative and polite (as you ALWAYS should be), and I left after a very pleasant conversation with her. She agreed to research the issue and find out if there are ways to get access to the creeks within park boundaries via permit etc. Meanwhile, I called the number listed on my Florida fossil hunting permit and verified that the information I had been given was correct. The only "public access" to any Gainesville creeks is from the roadside at any point where the creeks intersect the road. From there, you can access them without touching private property. You must not go on the banks on either side as that IS private property. You may wade the creek and hunt, but never within a city park or private property without permission. I am literally posting this while I sit in a parking lot reviewing maps for alternate access. In the spirit of responsible hobby-hunting, conservation of Florida's wetlands and education, I wanted to share this information with you all. Happy Hunting!
  5. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since February 2, 2017. SPECIAL NOTE: The links below lead to files that may or may not be the most recent revisions of various local, State, Federal, etc. laws that I could find on the Internet. This compilation is not intended to be taken as legal advice nor does the compiler represent himself as a legal authority. Readers are strongly encouraged to familiarize themselves with all applicable laws before collecting fossils in any locale. Fossil and Artifact Collecting - Management, Laws and Regulations United States Alabama GSA Website dealing with laws about fossil collecting. Alaska U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (2001). Regulations for Marine Mammal Parts Beach Found by Non-Natives. Fact Sheet. Colorado Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation (2006). Historical, Prehistorical and Archaeological Resources Act of 1973 (Revised 09/11). 8CCR 1504-7 Rules and Procedures. Office of Archaeology and Historic Preservation. (2011). Application for a Colorado State Permit for Archaeological or Paleontological Work (1415). Office of the State Archaeologist. Affidavit of Lawful Presence. (CRS 24-76.5-103) *Must be included with permit application. Bureau of Land Management. Rockhounding and Fossil Collecting - BLM Colorado. BLM/CO/GI-09/007. Florida Florida Fossil Permit Florida Legislature (2013). The 2013 Florida Statutes -1004.576. Title XLVIII - Chapter 1004. Idaho Recreational Prospecting. Rockhounding and Fossil Hunting on the Idaho Panhandle National Forests. Illinois Fossil Collecting Day-Use Permit: Mazonia Braidwood Fish and Wildlife Area. Montana United States Department of Agriculture (2010). Recreational Prospecting. Rockhounding and Fossil Hunting in the Montana National Forests of the Northern Region. Northern Region National Forest website. Nevada Bureau of Land Management. Collecting on Public Lands. BLM pamphlet. New Jersey Senate and General Assembly of the State of New Jersey (2004). P.L. 2004, Chapter 170. An ACT protecting New Jersey's publicly owned heritage. New Mexico New Mexico State Land Office/New Mexico Museum of Nature and Science (2014). State Land Commissioner Signs Agreement to Protect Fossils Found on State Trust Lands. North Dakota Hoganson, J.W. The Selling of the Tyrannosaurus rex named "Sue": Its Effect on North Dakota's Fossil Resource Management Program. NDGS Newsletter, Vol.25, Number 2. Hoganson, J.W. North Dakota's Fossil Resource Management Program and the Private Landowner. NDGS Newsletter, Vol.19, Number 2. North Dakota Legislative Branch (1990). Article 43-04. Geological Survey Paleontological Resource Protection. North Dakota Legislative Branch (1990). Chapter 43-04-02. Permit Program. Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Council (2007). Title 38 of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribal Code of Justice - Paleontology. Resolution Number 355-07. South Carolina South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology. Hobby Diver License Application (includes summary of South Carolina Antiquities Act of 1991). Texas Texas Historical Commission (amended Sept. 1, 1977). Antiquities Code of Texas. Texas Historical Commission - Archaeology Division. Artifact Collecting in Texas - Landowner Flyer. Utah Geologic Information and Outreach Staff (2003). Rules and Regulations Regarding Rock, Mineral and Fossil Collecting in Utah. Public Information Series 23, Utah Geological Survey. Wisconsin Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (2012). Wisconsin Administrative Code Chapter NR 45 - Use of Department Resources. Register February 2012 Number 674 (See NR 45.04 General Rules). Wyoming Board of Land Commissioners. Chapter 11. State Lands Exclusive Commercial and Non-Exclusive Scientific Fossil Removal Permits. Federal Lands Brunner, J., J. Kenworthy and V. Santucci (2009). Unauthorized Fossil Collecting from National Park Service Shorelines: Servicewide Policy and Perspectives. Proceedings of the 2009 George Wright Society Conference. Lazerwitz, T.J. (1994). Bones of Contention: The Regulation of Paleontological Resources on the Federal Public Lands. Indiana Law Journal, Vol.69. Report of the Secretary of the Interior (2000). Assessment of Fossil Management on Federal & Indian Lands. United States Department of the Interior. United States Department of the Interior - Bureau of Land Management (1998). Paleontological Resource Management. BLM Manual 8270. United States Department of the Interior - Bureau of Land Management (1998). General Procedural Guidance for Paleontological Resource Management. BLM Manual 8270-1. United States Forest Service (2010). Collecting Fossils: When a Permit is Required. Minerals and Geology Management, Centralized National Operations (MGM-CNO). Omnibus Public Land Management Act (2009). Subtitle D - Paleontological Resources Preservation. Public Law 111-011. P.L. 111-011, Title VI. United States Senate Report (2007). Paleontological Resources Preservation Act. Senate Calendar Number 43, Report 110-18. Canada Alberta Alberta Federation of Rock Clubs (2014). Laws Pertaining to the Collection, Ownership, and Selling of Ammonite Shell, Fossils, and Petrified Wood in Alberta. AFRC, Sep 2014 Province of Alberta (2000). Historical Resources Act. Revised Statutes of Alberta 2000, Chapter H-9. British Columbia Fossil Management Review Technical Working Group (2004). Fossil Management for British Columbia. A Review of Fossil Management in Other Jurisdictions With Recommendations for British Columbia. New Brunswick New Brunswick Heritage Conservation Act Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Department of Tourism, Culture and Heritage. Brochure: Special Places. Special Places Program, Heritage Division, Dept. of Tourism, Culture and Heritage. Nova Scotia Department of Tourism, Culture and Heritage. Palaeontology Field Research Guidelines. Nova Scotia Department of Tourism, Culture and Heritage. Palaeontology Professional Research Guidelines. Nova Scotia Department of Tourism, Culture and Heritage. Heritage Research Permit (Palaeontology) Application. Africa Ndoro, W., A. Mumma and G. Abungu (2008). Cultural Heritage and the Law. Protecting Immovable Heritage in English-Speaking Countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. ICCROM Conservation Studies, 8. Niger Ministry of Mines and Energy (2007). Mining Code of the Republic of Niger. South African Heritage Resources Agency (1999). National Heritage Resources Act, Number 25 of 1999. Asia Peng, L.C. (1992). Fossil Localities in Malaysia: Their Conservation and Significance. Background Paper, Malaysian National Conservaton Strategy, Economic Planning Unit, Kuala Lumpur. Australasia Australian Museum (2012). Collecting fossils in New South Wales. (Thanks to Phossiker for finding this one!) Department for Environment and Heritage - Fossil Working Group. Fossil Protection in South Australia. Hayward, B.W. (2009). Protecting fossil sites in New Zealand. Carnets de Geologie, Book 2009-03, Chapter 5. New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage (1975; reprinted 2014). Protected Objects Act 1975. (Thanks to Dr. Mud for finding this one!) Europe Aniţăi, N. (2013). Paleontological Heritage in Dobrogea: Protection, Geoconservation, Education and Promotion. Geo-Eco-Marina, 19. Conservation Directorate (2007). The National Trust Policy for the Collecting of Geological Materials (Fossils, Rocks, and Minerals). The National Trust. Fedonkin, M.A., et al. (2009). Paleo-piracy endangers Vendian (Ediacaran) fossils in the White Sea - Arkhangelsk region of Russia. Carnets de Geologie, Book 2009/03, Chapter 9. Norman, D.B. (1992). Fossil Collecting and Site Conservation in Britain: Are They Reconcilable? Palaeontology, Vol.35, Part 2. Scottish Natural Heritage (1999). Fossil collecting in Scotland. Information and Advisory Note, Number 110. Scottish Natural Heritage. Scottish Fossil Code. South America Gibney, E. (2014). Brazil clamps down on illegal fossil trade. Nature, Vol.507. Seizure/Forfeiture Cases Spangler, J. (2002). Dinosaur fossil case ends in plea bargain. Deseret News. U.S. Department of Justice (2013). Hadrosaur Forfeiture Case 1: 13-cy-00857-PKC Document 1. General Articles Chure, D. (2000). New Threats to Old Bones. The Theft of Fossil Vertebrates from Museum Collections. CRM, Number 5. Doucette, J. (2013). The Price of Value: Commercial Fossil Trade and Natural History Museums. Hatcher, J. (2006). Preserving America's Fossil Heritage. In: Fossils from Federal Lands. Lucas, S.G., et al. (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 34. Hallwood, P. and T.J. Miceli (2014). Unearthing T. rex: The Law and Economics of Paleontological Finds. University of Connecticut - Department of Economics, Working Paper Series, 2014-07. Hippensteel, S. and S. Condliffe (2013). Profiting from the past: Are fossils a sound investment? GSA Today, Vol.23, Number 8. Kuizon, L. (2006). Appraisal of Fossil Resources and Specimens. In: Fossils from Federal Lands. Lucas, S.G., et al. (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 34. Larson, P.L. and D. Russell (2014). The benefits of commercial fossil sales to 21st century paleontology. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.17, Issue 1. Lundgren, G. (1998). Protecting Federal Fossils from Extinction. Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review, Vol.26, Issue 1. MacFadden, B.J., et al. (2016). Amateur paleontological societies and fossil clubs, interactions with professional paleontologists and social paleontology in the United States. Palaeontologia Electronica, 19.2.1E. Padian, K. (2000). Feathers, Fakes and Fossil Dealers: How the Commercial Sale of Fossils Erodes Science and Education. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.3, Issue 2, Editorial 2. Plotnick, R.E. (2011). Out of the Mainstream: Fossil collecting in the 21st century. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.14, Issue 1. Shimada, K., et al. (2014). The greatest challenge to 21st century paleontology: When commercialization of fossils threatens the science. Palaeontologia Electronica, Vol.17, Issue 1.
  6. Hello Fossil Forum! I just moved to western TN north of Memphis. I want to get into collecting the Coon Creek formation as well as some of the Paleozoic deposits in the area. I am completely ignorant of the laws surrounding fossil collecting in TN, and a google search hasn't gotten me anywhere. What are the laws about state land? Thank you, Jarm
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