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Hello, I am brand new to the forum - I hunt for fossils often, but I am completely stumped here! I found this a few years ago in Slade, KY - inside of the Red River Gorge - in the Red River. I think it looks like a giant centipede, with some sort of antennae at the top, but one experienced fossil friend thinks it might be a cycad cross section. I see legs, a critter.. but he sees a plant. Hopefully one of you experts here can solve this mystery!
I'm just not sure what this is.I have a friend that said its a crinoid stem .. but this doesn't look anything at all like a stem that I can see about it. Can someone id this please? I see what appears to be legs on this on both sides. I've found stems before but I've not ever seen this if it is a crinoid stem... ¿¿¿
Fruitbat posted a topic in DocumentsThese are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since May 16, 2018. Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum Myriapoda - Millipedes and Centipedes Class Chilopoda - Centipedes Dugon, M.M. (2015). Evolution, Morphology and Development of the Centipede Venom System. In: Evolution of Venomous Animals and Their Toxins. Springer Science + Business Media, Dordrecht. Edgecombe, G.D. (2011). Chapter 18. Chilopoda - The Fossil History. In: Treatise on Zoology - The Myriapoda, Vol.1. Minelli, A. (ed.), Brill. Edgecombe, G.D. and G. Giribet (2007). Evolutionary Biology of Centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda). Annu.Rev.Entomol., 52, Edgecombe, G.D., A. Minelli and L. Bonato (2009). A geophilomorph centipede (Chilopoda) from La Buzinie amber (Late Cretaceous, Cenomanian), SW France. Geodiversitas, 31(1). Edgecombe, G.D., et al. (2012). A scolopocryptopid centipede (Chilopoda: Scolopendromorpha) from Mexican amber: synchrotron microtomography and phylogenetic placement using a combined morphological and molecular data set. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 166. Gribet, G. and G.D. Edgecombe (2013). Stable phylogenetic patterns in scutigeromorph centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda: Scutigeromorpha): dating the diversification of an ancient lineage of terrestrial arthropods. Invertebrate Systematics, 27. Joshi, J. and K.P. Karanth (2011). Cretaceous-Tertiary diversification among select Scolopendrid centipedes of South India. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution xxx-xxx. (Article in press) Menon, F., et al. (2003). A New Fossil Scolopendromorph Centipede from the Crato Formation of Brazil. Bulletin of the British Myriapod and Isopod Group, Vol.19. Prunescu, C.-C. (2010). Class Chilopoda: Evolution and Environment Adaptation. Rom.J.Biol.-Zool., Vol.55, Number 2. Shear, W.A. and P.M. Bonamo (1988). Devonbiomorpha, A New Order of Centipeds (Chilopoda) from the Middle Devonian of Gilboa, New York State, USA, and the Phylogeny of Centiped Orders. American Museum Novitates, Number 2927. Shear, W.A., A.J. Jeram and P.A. Selden (1998). Centiped Legs (Arthropoda, Chilopoda, Scutigeromorpha) from the Silurian and Devonian of Britain and the Devonian of North America. American Museum Novitates, Number 3231. Wilson, H.M. (2001). First Mesozoic Scutigeromorph Centipede, from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil. Palaeontology, Vol.44, Part 3. Class Diplopoda - Millipedes Dzik, J. (1975). Spirobolid Millipedes from the Late Cretaceous of the Gobi Desert, Mongolia. Palaeontologica Polonica, Number 33. Hannibal, J.T. (2000). Hexecontasoma, a new helminthomorph millipede (Hexecontasomatidae n.fam.) from the Mazon Creek, Illinois, fauna (Carboniferous, North America). Fragmenta Faunistica, 43, Suppl. Hannibal, J.T. and W. Krzeminski (2005). A palaeosomatid millipede (Archipolypoda: Palaeosomatida) from the Carboniferous (Namurian A) of Silesia, Poland. Polish Journal of Entomology, Vol.74. Haug, J.T., et al. (2018). Early post-embryonic polyxenidan millipedes from Saxonian amber (Eocene). Bulletin of Geosciences, 93(1). (Thanks to doushantuo for pointing me to this one!) Liu, W., P.T. Ruhr and T. Wesener (2017). A look with μCT technology into a treasure trove of fossils: The first two fossils of the millipede order Siphoniulida discovered in Cretaceous Burmese amber (Myriapoda, Dipolopoda). Cretaceous Research, 74. Miner, R.W. (1926). A Fossil Myriapod of the Genus Parajulus from Florissant, Colorado. American Museum Novitates, Number 219. Nguyen Duy-Jacquemin, M. and D. Azar (2004). The oldest records of Polyxenida (Myriapoda, Diplopoda): new discoveries from the Cretaceous ambers of Lebanon and France. Geodiversitas, 26(4). Riquelme, F., et al. (2014). Two Flat-Backed Polydesmidan Millipedes from the Miocene Chiapas-Amber Lagerstätte, Mexico. PLoS ONE, 9(8). Riquelme, F., et al. (2013). A fossil stemmiulid millipede (Diplopoda: Stemmiulida) from the Miocene amber of Simojovel, Chiapas, Mexico. Historical Biology, 26(4). Santiago-Blay, J.A. and G.O. Poinar (1992). Millipeds from Dominican Amber, with the Description of Two New Species (Dipolopoda: Siphonophoridae) of Siphonophora. Ann.Entomol.Soc.Am., 85(4). Scudder, S.H. (1882). Archipolypoda, A Subordinal Type of Spined Myriapods from the Carboniferous Formation. Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History, Vol.III, Number V. Selden, P.A. and H. Read (2008). The Oldest Land Animals: Silurian Millipedes from Scotland. Bulletin of the British Myriapod & Isopod Group, Vol.23. Shear, W.A. (1981). Two fossil millipeds from the Dominincan amber (Diplopoda: Chytodesmidae, Siphonophoridae). Myriapodologica, Vol.1, Number 8. Shear, W.A., P.A. Selden, and J-C Gall (2009). Millipedes from the Gres a Voltzia, Triassic of France, with comments on Mesozoic millipedes (Diplopoda, Helminthomorpha, Eugnatha). International Journal of Myriapodology, 1. Srivastava, G.P., et al. (2006). Record of Pillbug (Armadillidium) and Millipede (Polyxenus) Remains from the Resin Lumps of Warkalli Formation (Upper Tertiary), Kerala Coast. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 67(6). Wilson, H.M. (2006). Aggregation Behaviour in Juvenile Millipedes from the Upper Carboniferous of Mazon Creek, Illinois. Palaeontology, Vol.49, Part 4. Wilson, H.M. (2005). A New Genus of Archipolypodian Millipede from the Coseley Lagerstätte, Upper Carboniferous, UK. Palaeontology, Vol.48, Part 5. Wilson, H.M. (2005). Zosterogrammida, A New Order of Millipedes from the Middle Silurian of Scotland and the Upper Carboniferous of Euramerica. Palaeontology, Vol.48, Part 5. Wilson, H.M. and L.I. Anderson (2004). Morphology and Taxonomy of Paleozoic Millipedes (Diplopoda: Chilognatha: Archipolypodia) from Scotland. J.Paleont., 78(1). Class Symphyla - Pseudocentipedes Scheller, U. and J. Wunderlich (2004). Two fossil symphylan species, Scutigerella baltica n.sp. and Hanseniella baltica n.sp. (Tracheata, Scutigerellidae), in Baltic amber. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie), Number 351. Class Arthropleuridea Chaney, D.S., S.G. Lucas and S. Elrick (2013). New Occurrence of an Arthropleurid Trackway from the Lower Permian of Utah. In: The Carboniferous-Permian Transition. Lucas, S.G., et al. (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 60. Lucas, S.G., et al. (2005). Trackway of a Giant Arthropleura from the Upper Pennsylvanian of El Cobre Canyon, New Mexico. New Mexico Geological Society, 56th Field Conference Guidebook, Geology of the Chama Basin. Martino, R.L. and S.F. Greb (2009). Walking Trails of the Giant Terrestrial Arthropod Arthropleura from the Upper Carboniferous of Kentucky. J.Paleont., 83(1). Pacyna, G., S. Florjan and R. Borzecki (2012). New morphological features of Arthropleura sp. (Myriapoda, Diplopoda) Based on New Specimens from the Upper Carboniferous of Lower Silesia (Poland). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, Vol.82. Richardson, E.S. (1959). Pennsylvanian Invertebrates from the Mazon Creek Area, Illinois - Trilobitomorpha, Arthropleurida II. Fieldiana Geology, Vol.12, Number 5. Richardson, E.S. (1956). Pennsylvanian Invertebrates of the Mazon Creek Area, Illinois - Trilobitomorpha, Arthropleurida. Fieldiana Geology, Vol.12, Number 4. Schneider, J.W., et al. (2010). Euramerican Late Pennsylvanian/Early Permian Arthropleurid/Tetrapod Associations - Implications for the Habitat and Paleobiology of the Largest Terrestrial Arthropod. In: Carb-Permian transition in Cañon del Cobre. Lucas, S.G., et al. (eds.), New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 49. Selden, P.A. and W.A. Shear (1992). A Myriapod Identity for the Devonian "Scorpion" Tiphoscorpio hueberi. Ber.nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck, Suppl. 10. Shear, W. and P.A. Selden (1995). Eoarthropleura (Arthropoda, Arthropleurida) from the Silurian of Britain and the Devonian of North America. N.Jb.Geol.Paläont.Abh., 196(3). General Myriapoda Edgecombe, G.D. (1998). Early Myriapodous Arthropods from Australia: Maldybulakia from the Devonian of New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, Vol.50. Jeram, A.J., P.A. Selden and D. Edwards (1990). Land Animals in the Silurian: Arachnids and Myriapods from Shropshire, England. Science, Vol.250. Labandeira, C.C. (1999). Myriapods. In: Encyclopedia of Paleontology. Vol.2 (M-Z). Singer, R. (ed.), Fitzroy Dearborn, London. Scudder, S.H. (1895). Canadian Fossil Insects, Myriapods and Arachnids. Contributions to Canadian Palaeontology, Vol.II, Part I. (169 pages) Shear, W.A. (1994). Myriapodous arthropods from the Visean of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 84. Shear, W.A. and G.D. Edgecombe (2010). The geological record and phylogeny of the Myriapoda. Arthropod Structure & Development, 39.