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Found 19 results

  1. Dire Wolf

    DNA Reveals the Real Lives of ‘Game of Thrones’ Dire Wolves https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/13/science/dire-wolf-genome.html?surface=home-discovery-vi-prg&fellback=false&req_id=808114446&algo=identity&variant=no-exp&imp_id=72616698&action=click&module=Science Technology&pgtype=Homepage
  2. The terrifying dire wolf is more closely related to the African jackal according to DNA. https://www.nbcnews.com/science/science-news/prehistoric-dire-wolves-looked-different-those-game-thrones-study-suggests-n1254091
  3. Florida carnivore tooth

    Hi all, Today I’ve got a carnivore canine from Florida that I bought about a month ago, I bought it as dire wolf, but I find that very hard to believe. I’ve got my suspicions but I wanted too ask your opinions. It is about 1 7/16” long, but would likely be in the two inch range if complete. Included is an estimated size. @PrehistoricFlorida @Harry Pristis @Shellseeker @Bone Daddy @digit. TIA
  4. Another interesting beach find

    Down again from Minnesota searching for treasures. I found this a couple days after the last storm on a shell strewn sand bar. Looks like maybe a Dire Wolf tooth sans the root. Looking for confirmation or a id if something else. I have found walrus, ground sloth, and tapir material in the past and another oddity would be nice to add to the collection. Thanks in advance.
  5. Texas Cave Finds

    A few weeks ago I revisited a small Cave/Rock shelter up by Marble Falls, TX that I collected in back in the 90's. I had found some good stuff then but with boredom finally decided to go out again and bring back more dirt to sift through. Quite the treasure trove, working on a paper about the locality. The material seems to be mostly late Pleistocene and is consistent with other caves in Central Texas such as Cave Without A Name and Miller's Cave. The entire cave floor has been torn up probably by artifact hunters but they did miss one - a late Archaic Point that I have identified tentatively as an Ensor Point (Variety I). Now to the fossils - first the two extinct species A Cottonmouth Viper fang Hmmm, I seem to have reached the max MB for upload, will post more later
  6. Carnivore maybe Dire Wolf?

    I'm don't know about this. What do you think? Thanks in advance.
  7. Santa Fe carnivore canine

    Hey guys, Here's a partial canine that I got from Cris & Kyle around 2 and a half years ago. It's from the Santa Fe River in Florida, so Pleistocene in age. I've compared it to several canines online, and my best guess right now is spectacled bear (Tremarctos floridanus), but I feel like it could also be a lower canine from a dire wolf (Canis dirus). It doesn't seem cat-like to me. What do you think? I can provide more angles if necessary. Thanks in advance, Max
  8. Hey guys! I had a killer hunt this past week! I got a dire wolf molar, giant armadillo claw, massive gator tooth and even some mastodon tusk and skull (which you can see in the short video I took). Hope you enjoy!
  9. Dire Wolf canine?

    Hi everyone, I'm a long time fossil hunter here in Florida, but have only just joined the forum. I was hoping y'all could help me confirm some ID's that I found yesterday. Pics 1&2: Dire wolf canine? I always have trouble with big canines telling the difference. Pic 3: assorted canines, any ideas? Pic 4: marine mammal vert, any ideas? Pic 5: Mastodon/Mammoth toe bone? Pic 6&7: Peccary tusk? Pic 8-10: No idea Pic 9: tortoise claw core? Pic 10&11: dugong tooth? You can follow me on youtube here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCwk2U0HOKFx8t_zKzftsoYw?view_as=subscriber I'll be uploading a video of the hunt in the next day or two. Thanks for the welcome guys!
  10. Dire Wolf?

    Here is another one of my impulse purchases. Loved the look and OK price. But, is it really a Dire Wolf partial skull. Information only said "found in North Dakota by father 15 years ago". Seller didn't have a fossil knowledge. Help!
  11. Unknown Maxilla from Oligocene

    Hey everyone, I was digging in the White River Formation when I found this amazing maxilla of some creature. Through some questioning and conversations with various paleontologists, many people have different opinions of what this is. The responses I’ve had are all different, being Oreodont, Dire Wolf, or a species from the family of Brontotheriidae. The w shaped teeth might suggest Brontotheriidae... What are your guy’s opinions? The maxilla is about 6 inches long.
  12. Dire Wolf Skull

    I tend to track some high end auction sites that deal in (sometimes) complete fossil skeletons. One of these is offering a Dire Wolf Skull. Since it is a for sale site, I do not link to it. However, the seller does provide DETAILED Photo enhancement capability, and the writeup is excellent. So, TFF forum rules, can I cut/paste the photos and the text to this TFF thread for all to evaluate? This would certainly fall into fair use of the materials, even if copyrighted, which I doubt. Dire Wolf. Canis dirus. Pleistocene. Nodaway River, Page County, Iowa, USA I think I have a piece of this but not that big of a piece...
  13. Just got back from the Orlando Fossil Fair 2018, I bought some nice fossils but many were not identified and I want to confirm ID's for ones that were. There's a lot of fossils so I'll label each one with information and my own opinon on them. All the fossils shown are allegedly carnivores and found in the Suwannee River in Florida (excluding two of them). The furthest on the left will be #1, and the furthest on the right will be #4. I'm not convinced that 1 is a carnivore but besides that I don't have any hypothesis on what the others could be. The left one in this picture is 5, the one on the right is 6. Five reminds me of a bear, and I don't have any idea what 6 is or if it's even a carnivore. The tooth will be 7 the jaw will be 8, both are allegedly dire wolves (they're not associated) from 'Northern Florida', I don't have an exact locality unfortunately. I suspect these both belong to dire wolves. The furthest left will be 9, and the furthest right is 11. I suspect 9 and 10 to be racoon teeth, but I'm not sure if racoons are found in the Suwannee river. At first I thought 11 was a canid, but after looking at it for awhile it looks more like a feline. This last specimen will be 12, right now I'm stuck between a primitive canid (possibly leptocyon) a feline, or some sort of fox. This specimen was also found in the Suwannee, like the rest except the dire wolves. If you need more pictures I can take some and post them within the hour. Thanks in advance!
  14. Toe Bone, Possible Predator

    I found this toe bone this weekend and am working on an ID. It is from Florida's Peace River, Pleistocene, and is 1.5" long.
  15. Dire Wolf Carnassial Tooth ?

    Hi There, I've been holding onto this for a year or so waiting to get it ID'd .. always suspected it was a tapir tooth partial but that was before I stumbled upon a few Dire Wolf carnassials with similar breaks. Is this possibly half of a Dire Wolf Carnassial tooth ? @Harry Pristis This was found in dredge material in Port Royal, SC. Pliocene to Pleistocene or so ... Thanks, Brett
  16. Hi all, It's a little late, but then again I have been kinda busy lately and am very tired... So writing this took me some time Anyways, so on the 26th of December (2017), the day after X-Mas, my family and I met up with @Cris Cris & Kyle from Fossil Voyages (or here), for a long-awaited hunt together. We got the small motorboat and a canoe ready to go to the spot where we would hunt. After having discussed a few things, we set off on the river, and after a short row past many turtle families (these red-eared sliders are apparently very common; but what an exotic sight for me!) we attached our boats to tree stumps on the river bank.
  17. Possible dire wolf skull.

    I found this wolf skull near the milk river in North Eastern Montana, please help me identify it.
  18. Dire Wolf? Bear?

    I just found this tooth in Florida's Peace River. It looks like a canine. Shell Seeker suggested either bear or dire wolf, and as always, he suggested I turn to the experts on the Fossil Forum for help. I appreciate all input.
  19. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since May 12, 2018. Family Canidae - The Dogs and Their Allies. Subfamily incertae sedis Tomiya, S. (2011). A New Basal Caniform (Mammalia: Carnivora) from the Middle Eocene of North America and Remarks on the Phylogeny of Early Carnivorans. PLoS ONE, Vol.6, Issue 9. Subfamily Hesperocyoninae (†) Wang, X. (2003). New material of Osbornodon from the Early Hemingfordian of Nebraska and Florida.Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, Number 279. Wang, X. (1994). Phylogenetic Systematics of the Hesperocyoninae (Carnivora:Canidae).Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Number 221. (212 pages) Wang, X. (1993). Transformation from Plantigrady to Digitigrady: Functional Morphology of Locomotion in Hesperocyon (Canidae: Carnivora). American Museum Novitates, Number 3069. Wang, X. and B.M. Rothschild (1992). Multiple Hereditary Osteochondroma in Oligocene Hesperocyon (Carnivora: Canidae). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 12(3). Welsh, E. (2014). The First Record of Osbornodon (Carnivora: Canidae) from the Orellan of South Dakota. Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science, Vol.93. Wilson, J.A. (1939). A New Species of Dog from the Miocene of Colorado. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.V, Number 12. Subfamily Borophaginae (†) - 'Bone-Crushing' Dogs Tribe Borophagini Barbour, E.H. and H.J. Cook (1914). Two New Fossil Dogs of the Genus Cynarctus from Nebraska. Nebraska Geological Survey, Vol.4, Part 15. Baskin, J.A. (1998). Evolutionary Trends in the Late Miocene Hyena-Like Dog Epicyon (Carnivora, Canidae). In: Advances in Vertebrate Paleontology and Geochronology, Tomida, Y, et al. (eds.). Berry, C.T. (1938). A Miocene Dog from Maryland. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, Vol.85, Number 3035. Dalquest, W.W. (1969). The Bone-Eating Dog, Borophagus diversidens Cope. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences, 31. Hall, E.R. and W.W. Dalquest (1969). A New Doglike Carnivore, Genus Cynarctus, from the Clarendonian, Pliocene, of Texas. University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History, Vol.14, Number 10. Jasinski, S.E. and S.C. Wallace (2015). A Borophagine canid (Carnivora: Canidae: Borophaginae) from the middle Miocene Chesapeake Group of eastern North America. Journal of Paleontology, 89(6). McGrew, P.O. (1944). The Aelurodon saevus Group. Geological Series of Field Museum of Natural History, University of Illinois, Vol.8, Number 13. McGrew, P.O. (1944). An Osteoborus from Honduras. Geological Series of Field Museum of Natural History, University of Illinois, Vol.8, Number 12. Richey, K.A. (1979). Variation and Evolution in the Premolar Teeth of Osteoborus and Borophagus (Canidae). Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences, Vol.VII, 1979. Tseng, Z.J. and X. Wang (2010). Cranial Functional Morphology of Fossil Dogs and Adaptation for Durophagy in Borophagus and Epicyon (Carnivora, Mammalia). Journal of Morphology, 271. Van Valkenburgh, B., T. Sacco and X. Wang (2003). Pack Hunting in Miocene Borophagine Dogs: Evidence from Craniodental Morphology and Body Size. In: Vertebrate Fossils and Their Context: Contributions in Honor of Richard H. Tedford. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Number 279. Wang, X. (2004). A New Species of Aelurodon (Carnivora:Canidae) from the Barstovian of Montana. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24(2). Tribe Phlaocyonini McGrew, P.O. (1941). A New Procyonid from the Miocene of Nebraska. Geological Series of Field Museum of Natural History, Vol.8, Number 5. Wang, X. and R.H. Tedford (2008). Fossil dogs (Carnivora:Canidae) from the Sespe and Vaqueros formations in Southern California, with comments on the relationships of Phlaocyon taylori. In: Geology and Vertebrate Paleontology of Western and Southern North America - Contributions in Honor of David P. Whistler. (X.Wang and L.G. Barnes eds). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. General Borophaginae Martin-Serra, A., B. Figueirido and P. Palmqvist (2016). In the Pursuit of the Predatory Behavior of Borophagines (Mammalia, Carnivora, Canidae): Inferences from Forelimb Morphology. J.Mammal.Evol., 23. Tseng, Z.J. and X. Wang (2011). Do convergent ecomorphs evolve through convergent morphological pathways? Cranial shape evolution in fossil hyaenids and borophagine canids (Carnivora, Mammalia). Paleobiology, 37(3). Van Valkenberg, B., et al. (2003). Pack Hunting in Miocene Borophagine Dogs: Evidence from Craniodental Morphology and Body Size.Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, Number 279, Chapter 7. Wang, X., et al. (1999). Phylogenetic Systematics of the Borophaginae (Carnivora: Canidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Number 243. (195 pages) Subfamily Caninae Basal and Early Caninae Asahara, M., et al. (2015). Re-examination of the fossil raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) from the Penghu channel, Taiwan, and an age estimation of the Penghu fauna. Anthropological Science, Vol.123(3). Dermitzakis, M.D., A.A.E. Van der Geer and G.A. Lyras (2004). The phylogenetic position of raccoon dogs: Implications of their neuroanatomy. 5th International Symposium on Eastern Mediterranean Geology, Thessaloniki, Greece. García, N. (2008). New Eucyon remains from the Pliocene Aramis Member (Sagantole Formation), Middle Awash Valley (Ethiopia). Comptes Rendus Palevol, Vol.7, Number 8. Geraads, D., et al. (2010). Nyctereutes lockwoodi, n.sp., a new canid (Carnivora: Mammalia) from the middle Pliocene of Dikika (Lower Awash, Ethiopia). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 30(3). Ivanoff, D.V., M. Wolsan and A Marciszak (2014). Brainy stuff of long-gone dogs: a reappraisal of the supposed Canis endocranial cast from the Pliocene of Poland. Naturwissenschaften, 101. Kim, S.-I., et al. (2015). Evolutionary and biogeographical implications of variations in skull morphology of raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides, Mammalia: Carnivora). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 116. Lucenti, S.B. (2017). Nyctereutes megamastoides (Canidae, Mammalia) from the Early and Middle Villafranchian (Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene) of the Lower Valdarno (Firenze and Pisa, Tuscany, Italy). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.123(2). Montoya, P., J. Morales, and J. Abella (2009). Eucyon debonisi n.sp., a new Canidae (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the latest Miocene of Venta del Moro (Valencia, Spain). Geodiversitas, 31(4). Reynolds, S. (2012). Nyctereutes terblanchei: The raccoon dog that never was. S.Afr.J.Sci., 108(1/2). Rook, L. (2009). The wide ranging genus Eucyon Tedford & Qiu, 1996 (Mammalia, Carnivora, Canidae, Canini) in the Mio-Pliocene of the Old World. Geodiversitas, 31(4). Spassov, N. and L. Rook (2006). Eucyon marinae sp.nov. (Mammalia, Carnivora), a New Canid Species from the Pliocene of Mongolia, with a Review of Forms Referable to the Genus. Revista Italiana di Paleontología e Stratigrafia, Vol.112, Number 1. Tsubamoto, T. (2015). Rare anomalous dental morphologies found in raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and their implication to dental morphology of fossil mammals. Jour.Geol.Soc. Japan, Vol.121, Number 6. Werdelin, L., M.E. Lewis and Y. Haile-Selassie (2015). A Critical Review of African Species of Eucyon (Mammalia: Carnivora: Canidae), With a New Species from the Pliocene of the Woranso-Mille Area, Afar Region, Ethiopia. Papers in Paleontology, Vol.1, Part 1. Tribe Canini - True Dogs Canini - Africa/Middle East Amri, L., et al. (2017). Canis othmanii n.sp. (Carnivora, Canidae) from the early Middle Pleistocene site of Wadi Sarrat (Tunisia). C.R. Palevol, 16. Hartstone-Rose, A., et al. (2010). The Plio-Pleistocene Ancestor of Wild Dogs, Lycaon sekowei N.Sp. J. Paleont., 84(2). Martinez-Navarro, B. and L. Rook (2003). Gradual evolution of the African hunting dog lineage: Systematic implications. C.R. Palevol, 2. Stiner, M.C., et al. (2001). Outside Africa: Middle Pleistocene Lycaon from Hyonim Cave, Israel. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 20(2). Canini - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Kotlia, B.S. (1987). A New Pleistocene Canid from the Upper Karewas of Kashmir Basin, India. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India, Vol.32. Sharma, D.K., et al. (2004). Ancient wolf lineages in India. Proc.R.Soc.Lond. B (Suppl.), 271. Sotnikova, M. (2006). A new canid Nurocyon chonokhariensis gen. et sp.nov. (Canini, Canidae, Mammalia) from the Pliocene of Mongolia.Cour. Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 256. Sotnikova, M. and L. Rook (2010). Dispersal of the Canini (Mammalia, Canidae: Canini) across Eurasia during the Late Miocene to Early Pleistocene. Quaternary International, 212. Tong, H.-W., N. Hu and X.-M. Wang (2012). New Remains of Canis chihliensis (Mammalia, Carnivora) from Shanshenmiaozui, a Lower Pleistocene Site in Yangyuan, Hebei. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 50(4). Wang, X., Q. Li and G. Xie (2014). Earliest record of Sinicuon in Zanda Basin, southern Tibet and implications for hypercarnivores in cold environments. Quaternary International, xxx. Canini - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Abbazzi, L., et al. (2005). 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