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Found 5 results

  1. Fox or Jackal lower jaw?

    Hello everyone! As some of you know, i did post last time some of my archeological finds, which i've found in my own garden (yeah,it's impossible to believe). Here was 50 years ago archeological site near by so that's a good proof.I found a lower jaw, not sure if it's fox or a jackal , i found in few books quite big similarity between them.Any help? Thanks
  2. Teeth ID.

    Zdravo to all! Again with some archeological finds! Found these two teeth with so many pottery and other bones side by side.I'm thinking that these two are maybe from a Fox (canine) and this bigger one may be from a Bos...If u can give me some tips about this it would be nice as always. P.s. U can clearly see that this canine has a hole in it so it was probably for the necklace. Thanks
  3. I found this in a creek bottom in central Ohio after a flood that caused extensive erosion. I'm thinking it might be a fox or coyote, but really don't know. I was hoping someone with more expertise in this area could assist me in identifying it. Thanks, Mark
  4. I'm wondering if anyone has some good images that show the difference between the fox hills formation and underlying pierre shale formation? I've been reading geological report after report, but have been unable to find anything that shows a good picture of how I can tell the 2 formations apart when out in the field. I'm heading to Montana next month and have read Rockhounding Montana about 5x over, but there's not really any pictures that help differentiate the strata. I've also gone through several search engines for hours over the last 6 months too, to not much avail. I've got the geological maps of the area along with the BLM maps, but just would like to see a more real world photo. I would like to thank anyone in advance for their help.
  5. These are a few of the pdf files (and a few Microsoft Word documents) that I've accumulated in my web browsing. MOST of these are hyperlinked to their source. If you want one that is not hyperlinked or if the link isn't working, e-mail me at joegallo1954@gmail.com and I'll be happy to send it to you. Please note that this list will be updated continuously as I find more available resources. All of these files are freely available on the Internet so there should be no copyright issues. Articles with author names in RED are new additions since May 12, 2018. Family Canidae - The Dogs and Their Allies. Subfamily incertae sedis Tomiya, S. (2011). A New Basal Caniform (Mammalia: Carnivora) from the Middle Eocene of North America and Remarks on the Phylogeny of Early Carnivorans. PLoS ONE, Vol.6, Issue 9. Subfamily Hesperocyoninae (†) Wang, X. (2003). New material of Osbornodon from the Early Hemingfordian of Nebraska and Florida.Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, Number 279. Wang, X. (1994). Phylogenetic Systematics of the Hesperocyoninae (Carnivora:Canidae).Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Number 221. (212 pages) Wang, X. (1993). Transformation from Plantigrady to Digitigrady: Functional Morphology of Locomotion in Hesperocyon (Canidae: Carnivora). American Museum Novitates, Number 3069. Wang, X. and B.M. Rothschild (1992). Multiple Hereditary Osteochondroma in Oligocene Hesperocyon (Carnivora: Canidae). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 12(3). Welsh, E. (2014). The First Record of Osbornodon (Carnivora: Canidae) from the Orellan of South Dakota. Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science, Vol.93. Wilson, J.A. (1939). A New Species of Dog from the Miocene of Colorado. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology - The University of Michigan, Vol.V, Number 12. Subfamily Borophaginae (†) - 'Bone-Crushing' Dogs Tribe Borophagini Barbour, E.H. and H.J. Cook (1914). Two New Fossil Dogs of the Genus Cynarctus from Nebraska. Nebraska Geological Survey, Vol.4, Part 15. Baskin, J.A. (1998). Evolutionary Trends in the Late Miocene Hyena-Like Dog Epicyon (Carnivora, Canidae). In: Advances in Vertebrate Paleontology and Geochronology, Tomida, Y, et al. (eds.). Berry, C.T. (1938). A Miocene Dog from Maryland. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, Vol.85, Number 3035. Dalquest, W.W. (1969). The Bone-Eating Dog, Borophagus diversidens Cope. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences, 31. Hall, E.R. and W.W. Dalquest (1969). A New Doglike Carnivore, Genus Cynarctus, from the Clarendonian, Pliocene, of Texas. University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History, Vol.14, Number 10. Jasinski, S.E. and S.C. Wallace (2015). A Borophagine canid (Carnivora: Canidae: Borophaginae) from the middle Miocene Chesapeake Group of eastern North America. Journal of Paleontology, 89(6). McGrew, P.O. (1944). The Aelurodon saevus Group. Geological Series of Field Museum of Natural History, University of Illinois, Vol.8, Number 13. McGrew, P.O. (1944). An Osteoborus from Honduras. Geological Series of Field Museum of Natural History, University of Illinois, Vol.8, Number 12. Richey, K.A. (1979). Variation and Evolution in the Premolar Teeth of Osteoborus and Borophagus (Canidae). Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences, Vol.VII, 1979. Tseng, Z.J. and X. Wang (2010). Cranial Functional Morphology of Fossil Dogs and Adaptation for Durophagy in Borophagus and Epicyon (Carnivora, Mammalia). Journal of Morphology, 271. Van Valkenburgh, B., T. Sacco and X. Wang (2003). Pack Hunting in Miocene Borophagine Dogs: Evidence from Craniodental Morphology and Body Size. In: Vertebrate Fossils and Their Context: Contributions in Honor of Richard H. Tedford. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Number 279. Wang, X. (2004). A New Species of Aelurodon (Carnivora:Canidae) from the Barstovian of Montana. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24(2). Tribe Phlaocyonini McGrew, P.O. (1941). A New Procyonid from the Miocene of Nebraska. Geological Series of Field Museum of Natural History, Vol.8, Number 5. Wang, X. and R.H. Tedford (2008). Fossil dogs (Carnivora:Canidae) from the Sespe and Vaqueros formations in Southern California, with comments on the relationships of Phlaocyon taylori. In: Geology and Vertebrate Paleontology of Western and Southern North America - Contributions in Honor of David P. Whistler. (X.Wang and L.G. Barnes eds). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. General Borophaginae Martin-Serra, A., B. Figueirido and P. Palmqvist (2016). In the Pursuit of the Predatory Behavior of Borophagines (Mammalia, Carnivora, Canidae): Inferences from Forelimb Morphology. J.Mammal.Evol., 23. Tseng, Z.J. and X. Wang (2011). Do convergent ecomorphs evolve through convergent morphological pathways? Cranial shape evolution in fossil hyaenids and borophagine canids (Carnivora, Mammalia). Paleobiology, 37(3). Van Valkenberg, B., et al. (2003). Pack Hunting in Miocene Borophagine Dogs: Evidence from Craniodental Morphology and Body Size.Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, Number 279, Chapter 7. Wang, X., et al. (1999). Phylogenetic Systematics of the Borophaginae (Carnivora: Canidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Number 243. (195 pages) Subfamily Caninae Basal and Early Caninae Asahara, M., et al. (2015). Re-examination of the fossil raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) from the Penghu channel, Taiwan, and an age estimation of the Penghu fauna. Anthropological Science, Vol.123(3). Dermitzakis, M.D., A.A.E. Van der Geer and G.A. Lyras (2004). The phylogenetic position of raccoon dogs: Implications of their neuroanatomy. 5th International Symposium on Eastern Mediterranean Geology, Thessaloniki, Greece. García, N. (2008). New Eucyon remains from the Pliocene Aramis Member (Sagantole Formation), Middle Awash Valley (Ethiopia). Comptes Rendus Palevol, Vol.7, Number 8. Geraads, D., et al. (2010). Nyctereutes lockwoodi, n.sp., a new canid (Carnivora: Mammalia) from the middle Pliocene of Dikika (Lower Awash, Ethiopia). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 30(3). Ivanoff, D.V., M. Wolsan and A Marciszak (2014). Brainy stuff of long-gone dogs: a reappraisal of the supposed Canis endocranial cast from the Pliocene of Poland. Naturwissenschaften, 101. Kim, S.-I., et al. (2015). Evolutionary and biogeographical implications of variations in skull morphology of raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides, Mammalia: Carnivora). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 116. Lucenti, S.B. (2017). Nyctereutes megamastoides (Canidae, Mammalia) from the Early and Middle Villafranchian (Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene) of the Lower Valdarno (Firenze and Pisa, Tuscany, Italy). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.123(2). Montoya, P., J. Morales, and J. Abella (2009). Eucyon debonisi n.sp., a new Canidae (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the latest Miocene of Venta del Moro (Valencia, Spain). Geodiversitas, 31(4). Reynolds, S. (2012). Nyctereutes terblanchei: The raccoon dog that never was. S.Afr.J.Sci., 108(1/2). Rook, L. (2009). The wide ranging genus Eucyon Tedford & Qiu, 1996 (Mammalia, Carnivora, Canidae, Canini) in the Mio-Pliocene of the Old World. Geodiversitas, 31(4). Spassov, N. and L. Rook (2006). Eucyon marinae sp.nov. (Mammalia, Carnivora), a New Canid Species from the Pliocene of Mongolia, with a Review of Forms Referable to the Genus. Revista Italiana di Paleontología e Stratigrafia, Vol.112, Number 1. Tsubamoto, T. (2015). Rare anomalous dental morphologies found in raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) and their implication to dental morphology of fossil mammals. Jour.Geol.Soc. Japan, Vol.121, Number 6. Werdelin, L., M.E. Lewis and Y. Haile-Selassie (2015). A Critical Review of African Species of Eucyon (Mammalia: Carnivora: Canidae), With a New Species from the Pliocene of the Woranso-Mille Area, Afar Region, Ethiopia. Papers in Paleontology, Vol.1, Part 1. Tribe Canini - True Dogs Canini - Africa/Middle East Amri, L., et al. (2017). Canis othmanii n.sp. (Carnivora, Canidae) from the early Middle Pleistocene site of Wadi Sarrat (Tunisia). C.R. Palevol, 16. Hartstone-Rose, A., et al. (2010). The Plio-Pleistocene Ancestor of Wild Dogs, Lycaon sekowei N.Sp. J. Paleont., 84(2). Martinez-Navarro, B. and L. Rook (2003). Gradual evolution of the African hunting dog lineage: Systematic implications. C.R. Palevol, 2. Stiner, M.C., et al. (2001). Outside Africa: Middle Pleistocene Lycaon from Hyonim Cave, Israel. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 20(2). Canini - Asia/Malaysia/Pacific Islands Kotlia, B.S. (1987). A New Pleistocene Canid from the Upper Karewas of Kashmir Basin, India. Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India, Vol.32. Sharma, D.K., et al. (2004). Ancient wolf lineages in India. Proc.R.Soc.Lond. B (Suppl.), 271. Sotnikova, M. (2006). A new canid Nurocyon chonokhariensis gen. et sp.nov. (Canini, Canidae, Mammalia) from the Pliocene of Mongolia.Cour. Forsch.-Inst. Senckenberg, 256. Sotnikova, M. and L. Rook (2010). Dispersal of the Canini (Mammalia, Canidae: Canini) across Eurasia during the Late Miocene to Early Pleistocene. Quaternary International, 212. Tong, H.-W., N. Hu and X.-M. Wang (2012). New Remains of Canis chihliensis (Mammalia, Carnivora) from Shanshenmiaozui, a Lower Pleistocene Site in Yangyuan, Hebei. Vertebrata PalAsiatica, 50(4). Wang, X., Q. Li and G. Xie (2014). Earliest record of Sinicuon in Zanda Basin, southern Tibet and implications for hypercarnivores in cold environments. Quaternary International, xxx. Canini - Europe (including Greenland and Siberia) Abbazzi, L., et al. (2005). The Endemic Canid Cynotherium (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the Pleistocene Deposits of Monte Tuttavista (Nuoro, Eastern Sardinia). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.111, Number 3. Baryshnikov, G. (1996). The dhole, Cuon alpinus (Carnivora, Canidae), from the Upper Pleistocene of the Caucasus. Acta zool., cracov., 39(1). Berte, D.F. and L. Pandolfi (2014). Canis lupus (Mammalia, Canidae) from the Late Pleistocene Deposit of Avetrana (Taranto, Southern Italy). Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, Vol.120, Number 3. Boudadi-Maligne, M. (2012). Canid remains from Cueva Victoria. Specific attribution and biochronological implications. Mastia. Cherin, M., et al. (2014). Re-Defining Canis etruscus (Canidae, Mammalia): A New Look into the Evolutionary History of Early Pleistocene Dogs Resulting from the Outstanding Fossil Record from Pantalla (Italy). Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 21(1). Cherin, M., et al. (2013). Canis etruscus (Canidae, Mammalia) and its role in the faunal assemblage from Pantalla (Perugia, central Italy): comparison with the Late Villafranchian large carnivore guild of Italy. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 52(1). Datema, M.C. (2011). Was Cuon alpinus a mamber of the Mammoth Steppe Fauna? Comparative morphological and osteometrical study on recent and fossil Canidae hemimandibles. Masters Thesis - Utrecht University. (31.8MB download) Druzhkova, A.S., et al. (2013). Ancient DNA Analysis Affirms the Canid from Altai as a Primitive Dog. PLoS ONE, 8(3). Eisenmann, V. and B. van der Geer (1999). The Cynotherium from Corbeddu (Sardinia): comparative biometry with extant and fossil canids. In: Elephants Have a Snorkel! Papers in Honour of Paul Y. Sondaar. Reumer, J.W.F. and J. De Vos (eds.), DEINSEA, 7. Flower, L.O.H. (2014). Canid evolution and palaeoecology in the Pleistocene of western Europe, with particular reference to the wolf Canis lupus L. 1758. Ph.D. Thesis - Royal Holloway University of London. Flower, L.O.H. and D.C. Schreve (2014). An investigation of palaeodietary variability in European Pleistocene canids. Quaternary Science Reviews, xxx. (Article in press) Garrido, G. and A. Arribas (2008). Canis accitanus nov. sp., a new small dog (Canidae, Carnivora, Mammalia) from the Fonelas P-1 Plio-Pleistocene site (Guadix basin, Granada, Spain). Geobios, 41. Gatta, M., et al. (2016). Late Pleistocene skeleton of Canis lupus l., 1758 from Grotta Mora Cavorso (Jenne, Latium, central Italy). C.R. Palevol, 15. Germonpre, M., et al. (2017). Palaeolithic and prehistoric dogs and Pleistocene wolves from Yakutia: Identification of isolated skulls. Journal of Archaeological Science, 78. Germonpre, M., et al. (2009). Fossil dogs and wolves from Paleolithic sites in Belgium, the Ukraine and Russia: osteometry, ancient DNA and stable isotopes. Journal of Archaeological Science, 36. Ghezzo, E. and L. Rook (2014). Cuon alpinus (Pallas, 1811) (Mammalia, Carnivora) from Equi (Late Pleistocene, Massa-Carrara, Italy): anatomical analysis and palaeoethological contextualization. Rend.Fiss.Acc. Lincei, 25. Kurten, B. (1978). Fossil Canis from the Vicinity of Pretralona, Greece. Lyras, G. and A. van der Geer (2006). Adaptations of the Pleistocene island canid Cynotherium sardous (Sardinia, Italy) for hunting small prey. Cranium, 23. Lyras, G., et al. (2005). Cynotherium sardous, an Insular Canid (Mammalia: Carnivora) from the Pleistocene of Sardinia (Italy), and its Origin. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26(3). Madurell-Malapeira, J., M.R. Palombo and M. Sotnikova (2015). Cynotherium malatestai, Sp.Nov. (Carnivora, Canidae) from the Early Middle Pleistocene Deposits of Grotta Dei Fiori (Sardinia, Western Mediterranean). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, e943400-2. Madurell-Malapeira, J., et al. (2013). The Latest European Painted Dog. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 33(5). Martinez-Navarro, B. and L. Rook (2003). Gradual evolution of the African hunting dog lineage: Systematic implications. C.R. Palevol, 2. Mecozzi, B., et al. (2017). Canis mosbachensis (Canidae, Mammalia) from the Middle Pleistocene of Contrada Monticelli (Putignano, Apulia, southern Italy). Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 56(1). Ovodov, N.D., et al. (2011). A 33,000-Year-Old Incipient Dog from the Altai Mountains of Siberia: Evidence of the Earliest Domestication Disrupted by the Last Glacial Maximum. PLoS ONE, 6(7). (Read on-line or download a copy.) Petrucci, M., S. Romiti and R. Sardella (2012). The Middle-Late Pleistocene Cuon Hodgson, 1838 (Carnivora, Canidae) from Italy. Bolletino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 51(2). Reumer, J.W.F. and P. Piskoulis (2016). A specimen of Canis cf. C. etruscus (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the Middle Villafranchian of the Oosterschelde. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences, FirstView article. Rook, L. (1994). The Plio-Pleistocene Old World Canis (Xenocyon) ex gr. falconeri. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana, 33(1). Rook, L. and D. Torre (1996). The latest Villafranchian-early Galerian small dogs of the Mediterranean area. Ann.zool., cracov., 39(1). Sansalone, G., et al. (2015). Evolutionary trends and stasis in carnassial teeth of European Pleistocene wolf Canis lupus (Mammalia, Canidae). Quaternary Science Reviews, 110. Sardella, R. and M.R. Palombo (2007). The Pliocene-Pleistocene Boundary: Which Significance for the So Called "Wolf Event"? Evidences from Western Europe. Quaternaire, 18(1). Sardella, R., et al. (2013). The wolf from Grotta Romanelli (Apulia, Italy) and its implications in the evolutionary history of Canis lupus in the Late Pleistocene of Southern Italy. Quaternary International, xxx. (Article in press) Sotnikova, M. and L. Rook (2010). Dispersal of the Canini (Mammalia, Canidae: Canini) across Eurasia during the Late Miocene to Early Pleistocene. 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