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  • Ctenothrissa vexillifer (Pictet, 1850)




    Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Chordata Haeckel 1874
    Class: Actinopteri Cope 1871
    Order: Ctenothrissiformes Berg 1937
    Family: Ctenothrissidae
    Genus: Ctenothrissa
    Species: Ctenothrissa vexillifer
    Author Citation (Pictet, 1850)

    Geological Time Scale

    Eon: Phanerozoic
    Era: Mesozoic
    Period: Cretaceous
    Sub Period: None
    Epoch: Late
    International Age: Cenomanian


    Sannine Formation


    Acquired by: Purchase/Trade


    Length: 9 cm


    Byblos (Jbeil)
    Mount Lebanon


    The transcription of the Arabic terms and names is often ambiguous. In the literature the locality is called Hakel, Hâkel, Hackel, Haquil or Haquel.
    Taxonomy from GBIF.org.
    Alternative combination: Beryx vexillifer Pictet 1850.
    Diagnosis for the genus Ctenothrissa from Woodward 1899, p. 490: "Head large; trunk deeply fusiform and laterally compressed, but ventral border of abdomen flattened. Maxilla robust and arched, with two large supramaxillary bones; mandible deep, a little prominent, and gape of mouth not extending behind the middle of the large orbit; minute teeth on the margin of the jaws. Preoperculum only slightly expanded; operculum and suboperculum, deep and narrow. Vertebrae from 30 to 40 in number, half being caudal. Pe]vic fins much enlarged and inserted far forwards; dorsal fin much deepened, occupying about half of the back; anal fin small; caudal fin deeply cleft. Scales pectinated, large and regularly arranged, none enlarged or thickened, and no dorsal or ventral ridge-scales ; lateral line conspicuous."

    Woodward, A. S., (1899): Note on some Cretaceous clupeoid fishes with pectinated scales (Ctenothrissa and Pseudoberyx). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7 3:489-492.
    Woodward, A. S., (1891–1901): Catalogue of Fossil Fishes in the British Museum, Parts 1–4. London: British Museum.

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    Another nice Hakel fish. Their preservation is very fine.

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